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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737553/complications-after-body-contouring-surgery-in-postbariatric-patients
#1
Alejandra García Botero, Miguel García Wenninger, Dario Fernández Loaiza
INTRODUCTION: Over recent years, body contouring procedures in postbariatric patients have been in exponentially growing demand resulting in high complication rates rendering a variety of ciphers in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the complication rate in patients who have undergone body contouring surgery after bariatric surgery between June 2012 and March 2015 at Hospital de San José. METHODS: A cohort study including 153 individuals who underwent a total of 198 body contouring procedures after massive weight loss following bariatric surgery was conducted...
July 22, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733520/the-ketogenic-diet-is-not-feasible-as-a-therapy-in-a-cd-1-nu-nu-mouse-model-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-features-of-stauffer-s-syndrome
#2
Silvia Vidali, Sepideh Aminzadeh-Gohari, René Günther Feichtinger, Renaud Vatrinet, Andreas Koller, Felix Locker, Tricia Rutherford, Maura O'Donnell, Andrea Stöger-Kleiber, Bridget Lambert, Thomas Klaus Felder, Wolfgang Sperl, Barbara Kofler
The ketogenic diet (KD), a high-fat low-carbohydrate diet, has shown some efficacy in the treatment of certain types of tumors such as brain tumors and neuroblastoma. These tumors are characterized by the Warburg effect. Because renal cell carcinoma (RCC) presents similar energetic features as neuroblastoma, KD might also be effective in the treatment of RCC. To test this, we established xenografts with RCC 786-O cells in CD-1 nu/nu mice and then randomized them to a control diet or to KDs with different triglyceride contents...
July 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729526/high-performance-surface-modified-tio2-silicone-nanocomposite
#3
Pei Huang, Han-Qiao Shi, Hong-Mei Xiao, Yuan-Qing Li, Ning Hu, Shao-Yun Fu
The mismatch of refractive index (RI) between light emitting diode (LED) chips and packaging resins severely lowers the lighting emitting efficacy of LED. The RI can be enhanced by the introduction of high RI nanoparticles but meanwhile it is a great challenge to maintain the high transparency for resins due to the agglomeration of nanoparticles. In this work, a facile strategy is proposed to fabricate silicone nanocomposites with a high transparency (>88%, less than 2% decrease relative to pure silicone resin), largely enhanced RI (an increase from 1...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702741/massive-weight-loss-obtained-by-bariatric-surgery-affects-semen-quality-in-morbid-male-obesity-a-preliminary-prospective-double-armed-study
#4
Jinous Samavat, Giulia Cantini, Francesco Lotti, Alessandra Di Franco, Lara Tamburrino, Selene Degl'Innocenti, Elisa Maseroli, Erminio Filimberti, Enrico Facchiano, Marcello Lucchese, Monica Muratori, Gianni Forti, Elisabetta Baldi, Mario Maggi, Michaela Luconi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of massive weight loss on the seminal parameters at 6 months from bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Two-armed prospective study performed in 31 morbidly obese men, undergoing laparoscopic roux-en-Y-gastric bypass (n = 23) or non-operated (n = 8), assessing sex hormones, conventional (sperm motility, morphology, number, semen volume), and non-conventional (DNA fragmentation and seminal interleukin-8), semen parameters, at baseline and after 6 months from surgery or patients' recruitment...
July 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676320/body-contouring-procedures-in-three-or-more-anatomical-areas-are-associated-with-long-term-body-mass-index-decrease-in-massive-weight-loss-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Itay Wiser, Lior Heller, Coral Spector, Ehud Fliss, Tali Friedman
BACKGROUND: Massive weight loss (MWL) patients who undergo body contouring plastic surgery (BCPS) display superior long-term weight maintenance. The effect of the number of anatomical areas contoured on weight dynamics is undetermined. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether body mass index (BMI) dynamics following BCPS are associated with the number of anatomical areas operated. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Study groups were defined by the number of anatomical areas operated (1, 2, and 3+)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675975/effect-of-intraoperative-autologous-transfusion-techniques-on-perioperative-hemoglobin-level-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#6
M Shahnaz Hasan, Ng Ching Choe, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Mun Keong Kwan
BACKGROUND: Massive blood loss during posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis remains a significant risk for patients. There is no consensus on the benefit of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) or intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) in scoliosis surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomized to one of two groups. Group A received ANH and ICS during operation, while group B received only ICS. Patients' age, sex, height, weight, body blood volume, number of fusion level, Cobb angle, number of screws, duration of surgery, and skin incision length were recorded...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671882/absence-of-an-additional-metabolic-effect-of-body-contour-surgery-in-patients-with-massive-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#7
Luis A Martin-Del-Campo, Miguel F Herrera, Juan P Pantoja, Mauricio Sierra, Martin Iglesias, Patricia Butrón, Julio Herrera-Zamora, Gonzalo Torres-Villalobos
INTRODUCTION: Body contour surgery (BCS) is a combination of soft tissue resections that have proven to be an effective treatment for the aesthetic and functional problems related to massive weight loss (MWL). There are no studies analyzing the metabolic effect of large volume adipose tissue flap resection in patients with MWL after bariatric surgery. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of adults who underwent BCS after gastric bypass. Preoperative clinical and laboratory data were compared with 1- and 2-year postoperative follow-up...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668764/spatio-temporal-distribution-of-perchlorate-and-its-toxicity-in-hydrilla-verticillata
#8
Anupama Vijaya Nadaraja, Divya Pushpangadhan Saraswathy, Sayana Cheruvathery Ravindran, Anie Mariya, Jasmin Godwin Russel, Pradeep Selvanesan, Benno Pereira, Krishnakumar Bhaskaran
The spatio-temporal distribution of perchlorate in water sources around an ammonium perchlorate production unit and its toxicity response on a dominant aquatic plant, Hydrilla verticillata are reported in this study. Samples (n=453) from ground water (open well) and surface water sources within 5km from the production unit over a period of 12 months (2014, June - 2015, May) were screened for ClO4(-). During the period, ClO4(-)concentration in ground water samples close to the production unit increased to >40,000μg/L, and ClO4(-) was detected at 1740μg/L in well water 1...
June 29, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663776/direct-perforator-anastomosis-of-free-alt-flap-in-massive-weight-loss-due-to-increased-size-of-vessels
#9
Amra Kuc, Kathryn King, Justin Daggett, Deniz Dayicioglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624266/-trochanteric-under-gluteus-lift-or-bodylift-technique-for-massive-trochanteric-lipodystrophy-about-11-cases
#10
L Ruffenach, C Bruant-Rodier, E Robert, F Bodin, C Dissaux
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing demand for weight loss sequelae. Some women have a particular morphology with a major trochanteric excess that warrants specific treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On the basis of the technique published in 1964 by Pitanguy, the authors suggest a lift of the external face of the thigh with the scar redrawing the lower part of the buttock, from the gluteal fold to the inguinal region by crossing the trochanteric region. Eleven cases of major trochanteric excess after slimming are presented...
June 14, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607531/endogenous-il-33-deficiency-exacerbates-liver-injury-and-increases-hepatic-influx-of-neutrophils-in-acute-murine-viral-hepatitis
#11
Virginie Carrière, Muhammad Imran Arshad, Jacques Le Seyec, Benjamin Lefevre, Muhammad Farooq, Aurélien Jan, Christelle Manuel, Laurence Touami-Bernard, Catherine Lucas-Clerc, Valentine Genet, Hugues Gascan, Jean-Philippe Girard, Frédéric Chalmel, Lucie Lamontagne, Claire Piquet-Pellorce, Michel Samson
The alarmin IL-33 has been described to be upregulated in human and murine viral hepatitis. However, the role of endogenous IL-33 in viral hepatitis remains obscure. We aimed to decipher its function by infecting IL-33-deficient mice (IL-33 KO) and their wild-type (WT) littermates with pathogenic mouse hepatitis virus (L2-MHV3). The IL-33 KO mice were more sensitive to L2-MHV3 infection exhibiting higher levels of AST/ALT, higher tissue damage, significant weight loss, and earlier death. An increased depletion of B and T lymphocytes, NKT cells, dendritic cells, and macrophages was observed 48 h postinfection (PI) in IL-33 KO mice than that in WT mice...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601987/the-association-of-snp276g-t-at-adiponectin-gene-with-insulin-resistance-and-circulating-adiponectin-in-morbid-obese-patients-after-a-biliopancreatic-diversion-surgery
#12
Daniel Antonio de Luis, David Pacheco, D Primo, Olatz Izaola, R Aller
BACKGROUND: The effects of rs1501299 variant of ADIPO gene on weight loss after bariatric surgery have not been evaluated. We decided to investigate the role of this genetic variant on anthropometric and biochemical outcomes such as serum adiponectin levels after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) surgery in morbidly obese patients during 3 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 64 patients with morbid obesity without diabetes mellitus was operated. Biochemical and anthropometric evaluation were realized at basal visit and at each visit during 3 years (1, 2, and 3 years)...
June 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567473/body-contouring-after-massive-weight-loss-a-personal-integrated-approach
#13
Manuel Maia, Diana Costa Santos
BACKGROUND: After massive weight loss, patients typically presented with skin redundancy, which causes enormous esthetic, physical, medical and psychological problems. The growing number of patients with these sequelae triggered an increase in the search for body contouring procedures, which in turn produced an important development in the post-bariatric reconstructive surgery. METHODS: The author describes the principles of a personal approach in post-bariatric reconstructive surgery...
May 31, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561168/-plastic-surgical-correction-of-buried-penis
#14
Dominik Krzysztof Boliglowa, Seung-Min Ryu, Tarek Ebrahim, Henrik Menke
A "buried penis" causes functional problems and embarrassment. In the past, this complex condition was only seen in extremely overweight patients or as a result of severe inflammations in this region. More recently, this problem has also been observed in patients with massive weight loss following bariatric surgery. In these patients there is an abundance of extremely flaccid skin in the suprapubic region, which covers the penis and causes it to "disappear". This leads to balanitis and, in turn, further retraction of the penis...
April 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561167/-buried-penis-a-comprehensive-review-on-aetiology-classification-and-plastic-surgical-reconstruction
#15
Ursula Mirastschijski, Carla Schwenke, Sebastian Melchior, Can Cedidi
The buried penis, also called hidden or concealed penis, is associated with morbid obesity or seen after massive weight loss in adults. In highly obese, bariatric patients, the penile shaft invaginates into the pre-pubic fat masses, resulting in voiding problems and urine wetting of the surrounding tissue. This leads to infection, skin maceration, lichen sclerosus and eczema. Sole circumcision without mons pubis plasty or penile fixation does not suffice to alleviate the discomfort and leads to recurrence. In post-bariatric patients, penile retraction is only partially present or absent, but abundant pre-pubic skin tissue forms an apron covering the genitals with problems in hygiene and sexual intercourse...
April 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539403/sec23b-is-required-for-pancreatic-acinar-cell-function-in-adult-mice
#16
Rami Khoriaty, Nancy Vogel, Mark J Hoenerhoff, M Dolors Sans, Guojing Zhu, Lesley Everett, Bradley Nelson, Haritha Durairaj, Brooke McKnight, Bin Zhang, Stephen A Ernst, David Ginsburg, John A Williams
Mice with germline absence of SEC23B die perinatally, exhibiting massive pancreatic degeneration. We generated mice with tamoxifen-inducible, pancreatic acinar cell-specific Sec23b deletion. Inactivation of Sec23b exclusively in the pancreatic acinar cells of adult mice results in decreased overall pancreatic weights from pancreatic cell loss (decreased pancreatic DNA, RNA, and total protein content), as well as degeneration of exocrine cells, decreased zymogen granules, and alterations in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), ranging from vesicular ER to markedly expanded cisternae with accumulation of moderate-density content or intracisternal granules...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538557/safety-of-outpatient-circumferential-body-lift-evidence-from-42-consecutive-cases
#17
J John Makipour, Erik Nuveen, Diana Abbott
BACKGROUND: Circumferential lower body lifts have become more prevalent with the rise of massive weight loss surgery. This has historically required inpatient admission. Only three previous groups have published their experience with outpatient lower body lifts. METHODS: The authors reviewed their experience with 42 consecutive outpatient circumferential body lifts from 2010 to 2016, and report patient demographics, operative details, and postoperative outcomes...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514314/infected-tibia-defect-fractures-treated-with-the-masquelet-technique
#18
Julia Mühlhäusser, Jörg Winkler, Reto Babst, Frank J P Beeres
The treatment after open and infected fractures with extensive soft tissue damage and bone deficit remains a challenging clinical problem. The technique described by Masquelet, using a temporary cement spacer to induce a membrane combined with reconstructive soft tissue coverage, is a possible solution. This study describes the work-up, operative procedure, complications, and the outcome of a homogenous group of patients with an open and infected tibia fracture and segmental bone loss treated with the Masquelet technique (MT)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491474/the-role-of-race-and-gender-in-nutrition-habits-and-self-efficacy-results-from-the-young-adult-weight-loss-study
#19
Janna D Stephens, Andrew Althouse, Alai Tan, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
Overweight and obesity are a massive public health problem and young adults are at high risk for gaining weight once they enter a college. This study sought to examine gender and race as they relate to nutrition habits and self-efficacy in a population of diverse young adults from the Young Adult Weight Loss Study. Participants (N = 62) were 29% males, 38.7% white, 33.8% Asian, and 12.9% African American. Males had lower self-efficacy for healthy eating (mean score = 92.5, SD = 17.1) compared to females (mean = 102...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476513/animal-models-of-cachexia-and-sarcopenia-in-chronic-illness-cardiac-function-body-composition-changes-and-therapeutic-results
#20
REVIEW
Junichi Ishida, Masakazu Saitoh, Wolfram Doehner, Stephan von Haehling, Markus Anker, Stefan D Anker, Jochen Springer
Cachexia is defined as a complex metabolic syndrome associated with underlying illness that is characterized by the loss of body weight consisting of muscle and fat mass wasting. Sarcopenia is defined as the ageing related loss of muscle mass in health and disease that may not have an effect on body weight. As millions of patients are in cachectic or sarcopenic states, both conditions contribute to high numbers to death worldwide. A number of treatments have been proposed for cachexia and sarcopenia, but these are either in the preclinical stage or in clinical trials and hence not available to the general population...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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