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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670002/assessment-of-whole-body-and-local-muscle-fatigue-using-electromyography-and-a-perceived-exertion-scale-for-squat-lifting
#1
Imran Ahmad, Jung-Yong Kim
This research study aims at addressing the paradigm of whole body fatigue and local muscle fatigue detection for squat lifting. For this purpose, a comparison was made between perceived exertion with the heart rate and normalized mean power frequency (NMPF) of eight major muscles. The sample consisted of 25 healthy males (age: 30 ± 2.2 years). Borg’s CR-10 scale was used for perceived exertion for two segments of the body (lower and upper) and the whole body. The lower extremity of the body was observed to be dominant compared to the upper and whole body in perceived response...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659716/the-effect-of-smoking-in-the-cosmetic-surgery-population-analysis-of-129-007-patients
#2
Christodoulos Kaoutzanis, Julian Winocour, Varun Gupta, Max Yeslev, Nishant Ganesh Kumar, Blair Wormer, James C Grotting, K Kye Higdon
Background: Smoking has been associated with several postoperative adverse outcomes across multiple surgical disciplines, but the literature is limited for aesthetic surgical procedures. Objectives: To compare complication rates between smokers and nonsmokers undergoing common cosmetic procedures, identify specific cosmetic procedures where smoking increases the risk of complications, and evaluate smoking as an independent risk factor for major complications following aesthetic surgery...
April 6, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659421/air-splinting-maneuver-during-flexible-bronchoscopy-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Rahul Magazine, Bharti Chogtu
BACKGROUND: Magazine's maneuver was developed for ease of insertion of the flexible bronchoscope, on encountering a closed lumen at the nasopharynx-oropharynx junction. The purposes of this study were to find the frequency of occurrence of such luminal closures and to compare the efficacy of Magazine's maneuver, with other variations of the maneuver, in improving visualization of the upper airway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged 18 years and above who were undergoing flexible bronchoscopy were included, and their demographic and clinical data were noted...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658937/kinematic-analysis-using-3d-motion-capture-of-drinking-task-in-people-with-and-without-upper-extremity-impairments
#4
Margit Alt Murphy, Steve Murphy, Hanna C Persson, Ulla-Britt Bergström, Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen
Kinematic analysis is a powerful method for objective assessment of upper extremity movements in a three-dimensional (3D) space. Three-dimensional motion capture with an optoelectronic camera system is considered as golden standard for kinematic movement analysis and is increasingly used as outcome measure to evaluate the movement performance and quality after an injury or disease involving upper extremity movements. This article describes a standardized protocol for kinematic analysis of drinking task applied in individuals with upper extremity impairments after stroke...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602849/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-physical-strains-among-offshore-wind-farm-workers-in-the-german-exclusive-economic-zone
#5
Marcial Velasco Garrido, Janika Mette, Stefanie Mache, Volker Harth, Alexandra M Preisser
OBJECTIVES: To assess the physical strains of employees in the German offshore wind industry, according to job type and phase of the wind farm (under construction or operation). DESIGN: Web-based cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Offshore wind farm companies operating within the German exclusive economic zone. PARTICIPANTS: Male workers with regular offshore commitments and at least 28 days spent offshore in the past year (n=268)...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595723/inner-scar-umbilicus-new-horizons-for-vertical-abdominoplasty
#6
Flavio H Mendes, Fausto Viterbo, Ana L A P Luna
BACKGROUND: It is reasonable that deflated tissue in massive weight loss patients may demand not only lifting but also some extent of central body tightening, by the fleur-de-lis procedure. Although achieving nice contouring results, poor visible scars, including umbilical complications, have restricted the indications for the anterior vertical approach. The purpose of this article is to present the authors' experience with the inner scar umbilical reconstruction, reflecting overall results in vertical abdominoplasties...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590270/dietary-protein-and-preservation-of-physical-functioning-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-the-framingham-offspring-study
#7
Jabed Mustafa, R Curtis Ellison, Martha R Singer, M Loring Bradlee, Bindu Kalesan, Michael F Holick, Lynn L Moore
Dietary protein may help prevent age-related declines in strength and functional capacity. This study examines the independent relation between dietary protein and longitudinal changes in physical functioning among Framingham Offspring Study adults from Exams 5 (1991-1995) to 8 (2005-2008). Protein intakes were derived from three-day diet records during exams 3 and 5; functional status was determined over 12 years using seven items selected from standardized questionnaires. Multivariable models were used to adjust for age, sex, education, physical activity, smoking, height, and energy intake...
March 24, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584518/planned-load-reduction-versus-fixed-load-a-strategy-to-reduce-the-perception-of-effort-with-similar-improvements-in-hypertrophy-and-strength
#8
Bruce M Lima, Rafael S Amancio, Diacre S Gonçalves, Alexander J Koch, Victor M Curty, Marco Machado
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare muscle thickness and 10RM between no load reduction and load reductions during 16 weeks of resistance training (RT). METHODS: Twenty-one moderately trained men (age: 23.2±4.2 years, body mass: 75.1±7.6 Kg, height: 175±4 cm) were randomized into one of three exercise groups: Control (CON, n=7), all sets with 10RM load; 5% load reduction (RED5, n=7), and 10% load reduction (RED10, n=7) for set 2 and set 3. The RT program consisted of completed three sets each of Biceps and Scott Curls, performed to volitional fatigue 3d·wk-1 ...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555246/functional-outcomes-18-months-after-total-and-midarm-transplantation-a-case-report
#9
M Iglesias, M Ramírez-Berumen, P Butrón, J Alberú-Gómez, F Salazar-Hernández, J Macias-Gallardo, R P Leal-Villalpando, J Zamudio-Bautista, V Acosta, L Jauregui, A Hernández-Campos, V Espinosa-Cruz, J Vázquez-Lamadrid, J González-Sánchez, J Cuellar-Rodriguez, J G Sierra-Madero, R Gaytan-Cervantes, S Contreras-Barbosa, A Navarro-Lara, J Guzman-Gonzalez, J Domínguez-Cherit, M Vilatoba, S Toussaint-Caire, F Vega-Boada, F J Gómez-Pérez, M Mayorquin-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: The function reported after arm transplantation is deemed beneficial relative to the marked disability that upper arm amputation causes. OBJECTIVE: We report a 51-year-old man with a Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score of 75.83 who underwent bilateral arm transplantation in October 2015. PROCEDURE: The right arm was transplanted at the glenohumeral joint level, including transplantation of the humeral head, joint capsule, and rotator cuff ligaments and tendons...
March 16, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549889/relationships-between-trunk-movement-patterns-during-lifting-tasks-compared-with-unloaded-extension-from-a-flexed-posture
#10
Yuta Ogata, Masaya Anan, Makoto Takahashi, Takuya Takeda, Kenji Tanimoto, Tomonori Sawada, Koichi Shinkoda
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate between movement patterns of trunk extension from full unloaded flexion and lifting techniques, which could provide valuable information to physical therapists, doctors of chiropractic, and other manual therapists. METHODS: A within-participant study design was used. Whole-body kinematic and kinetic data during lifting and full trunk flexion were collected from 16 healthy male participants using a 3-dimensional motion analysis system (Vicon Motion Systems)...
March 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543177/the-effect-of-gender-body-swap-illusions-on-working-memory-and-stereotype-threat
#11
Tabitha C Peck, My Doan, Kimberly A Bourne, Jessica J Good
The underrepresentation of women in technical and STEM fields is a well-known problem, and stereotype threatening situations have been linked to the inability to recruit and retain women into these fields. Virtual reality enables the unique ability to perform body-swap illusions, and research has shown that these illusions can change participant behavior. Characteristically people take on the traits of the avatar they are embodying. We hypothesized that female participants embodying male avatars when a stereotype threat was made salient would demonstrate stereotype lift...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528026/aesthetic-surgery-in-transplant-patients-a-single-center-experience
#12
Burak Özkan, Abbas Albayati, Atilla Adnan Eyüboğlu, Ahmet Çağrı Uysal, Nilgun Markal Ertaş, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Transplant patients, like the nontransplant population, can have surgical interventions for body shape disorders. Studies on aesthetic surgeries in transplant patients are scarce. Our aim was to share our experiences with various aesthetic procedures in solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six (5 female, 1 male) transplant patients who received surgical corrections of the aging face, ptosis and lipodystrophy of the breast, and abdomen at the Baskent University Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department between 2010 and 2017 were included...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527176/grip-force-adjustments-reflect-prediction-of-dynamic-consequences-in-varying-gravitoinertial-fields
#13
Olivier White, Jean-Louis Thonnard, Philippe Lefèvre, Joachim Hermsdörfer
Humans have a remarkable ability to adjust the way they manipulate tools through a genuine regulation of grip force according to the task. However, rapid changes in the dynamical context may challenge this skill, as shown in many experimental approaches. Most experiments adopt perturbation paradigms that affect only one sensory modality. We hypothesize that very fast adaptation can occur if coherent information from multiple sensory modalities is provided to the central nervous system. Here, we test whether participants can switch between different and never experienced dynamical environments induced by centrifugation of the body...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519496/autologous-gluteal-augmentation-with-the-moustache-transposition-flap-technique
#14
REVIEW
Robert F Centeno
Massive weight loss patients and aesthetic patients can present with significant gluteal contour abnormalities. Gluteal ptosis, skeletal deformities, severe platypgia, and a paucity of donor fat for autologous transfer are common problems. Excisional procedures are used to treat massive-weight-loss contour abnormalities. These procedures present an opportunity to address severe gluteal deformities using autologous tissue augmentation. With a working knowledge of the relevant anatomy, sound surgical technique, and meticulous postoperative care, autologous gluteal autoaugmentation with circumferential body lift/excisional buttock lift using the "Moustache" flap technique will enhance massive weight loss body contouring outcomes and improve patient satisfaction...
April 2018: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519495/autologous-flap-gluteal-augmentation-split-gluteal-flap-technique
#15
REVIEW
Sadri Ozan Sozer, Osman Erhan Eryilmaz
Postbariatric, cosmetic, and circumferential body lift patients seek to avoid a flattened buttock contour. Gluteal implants have been described with various rates of complications and difficulties. Lipografting moderately increases buttock volume; neither procedure directly addresses ptosis. The procedure described in this article addresses the volume deficit and ptosis. Most adipocutaneous flaps originate within the superior gluteal region and maintain volume in the top half of the buttocks, lacking the ability to reach the midportion of the buttocks...
April 2018: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515884/hovering-hummingbird-wing-aerodynamics-during-the-annual-cycle-ii-implications-of-wing-feather-moult
#16
Yonathan Achache, Nir Sapir, Yossef Elimelech
Birds usually moult their feathers in a particular sequence which may incur aerodynamic, physiological and behavioural implications. Among birds, hummingbirds are unique species in their sustained hovering flight. Because hummingbirds frequently hover-feed, they must maintain sufficiently high flight capacities even when moulting their flight feathers. A hummingbird wing consists of 10 primary flight feathers whose absence during moult may strongly affect wing performance. Using dynamic similarity rules, we compared time-accurate aerodynamic loads and flow field measurements over several wing geometries that follow the natural feather moult sequence of Calypte anna , a common hummingbird species in western North America...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503392/individual-physical-and-organizational-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-municipality-solid-waste-collectors-in-shiraz-iran
#17
Mansour Ziaei, Alireza Choobineh, Mohammad Abdoli-Eramaki, Haleh Ghaem
In Iran-Shiraz, municipal solid waste is collected manually requiring strenuous physical activities. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its associated risk factors. Two hundred male waste collectors participated in this cross-sectional study, in which task analysis followed by motion and timeline analysis were performed. The data were collected using demographic, occupation-specific physical and organizational demands, and Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaires...
March 3, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489844/phalangeal-joints-kinematics-in-ostrich-struthio-camelus-locomotion-on-sand
#18
Rui Zhang, Qiaoli Ji, Dianlei Han, Haijin Wan, Xiujuan Li, Gang Luo, Shuliang Xue, Songsong Ma, Mingming Yang, Jianqiao Li
In ostriches, the toes are the only body parts that contact loose sand surfaces. Thus, toe interphalangeal joint motions may play vital biomechanical roles. However, there is little research on ostrich phalangeal joint movements while walking or running on sand. The results from the three-dimensional motion track analysis system Simi Motion show that gait pattern has no significant effect on the key indicators (angles at touch-down, mid-stance, lift-off and range of motion) of the toe joint angles. The motion of the toe phalanges when walking and running on sand is basically the same...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485593/reply-safety-of-outpatient-circumferential-body-lift-evidence-from-42-consecutive-cases
#19
J John Makipour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485592/outpatient-circumferential-lower-body-lift-is-the-lipo-body-lift-an-ideal-method
#20
Isabelle Pluvy, Benoit Chaput, Marie Panouillères, Damien Feuvrier, Eric Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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