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Update on obstetric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765958/diagnosis-therapy-and-follow-up-care-of-vulvar-cancer-and-its-precursors-guideline-of-the-dggg-and-dkg-s2k-level-awmf-registry-number-015-059-november-2015
#1
H G Schnürch, S Ackermann, C D Alt, J Barinoff, C Böing, C Dannecker, F Gieseking, A Günthert, P Hantschmann, L C Horn, R Kürzl, P Mallmann, S Marnitz, G Mehlhorn, C C Hack, M C Koch, U Torsten, W Weikel, L Wölber, M Hampl
Purpose: This is an official guideline, published and coordinated by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie (AGO, Study Group for Gynecologic Oncology) of the Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft (DKG, German Cancer Society) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe (DGGG, German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics). The number of cases with vulvar cancer is on the rise, but because of the former rarity of this condition and the resulting lack of literature with a high level of evidence, in many areas knowledge of the optimal clinical management still lags behind what would be required...
October 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737492/laparoscopy-versus-laparotomy-for-figo-stage-i-ovarian-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Frederico S Falcetta, Theresa A Lawrie, Lídia Rf Medeiros, Maria Ines da Rosa, Maria I Edelweiss, Airton T Stein, Alice Zelmanowicz, Anaelena B Moraes, Roselaine R Zanini, Daniela D Rosa
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original review that was first published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 4. Laparoscopy has become an increasingly common approach to surgical staging of apparent early-stage ovarian tumours. This review was undertaken to assess the available evidence on the benefits and risks of laparoscopy compared with laparotomy for the management of International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I ovarian cancer...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720516/-pregnancy-in-women-with-spinal-cord-injuries-state-of-knowledge
#3
B Boisseau, B Perrouin-Verbe, N Le Guillanton, I Derrendinger, A-S Riteau, B Idiard-Chamois, N Winer
OBJECTIVES: Updating knowledge of health professionals about pregnant women with spinal cord injuries. Development of maternity hospitals to make them accessible to spinal cord injured pregnant women to improve their care in pre-, per- and post-partum. METHODS: Cross-sectional declarative study based on a questionnaire distributed to health professionals in the maternity hospital of the University Hospital of Nantes and liberal midwives of Nantes conurbation, based on their knowledge, their difficulties and their expectations for obstetrical care for spinal cord injured women...
October 6, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681692/an-update-on-the-acute-management-of-shoulder-dystocia
#4
Marisa Gilstrop, Matthew K Hoffman
Shoulder dystocia continues to challenge obstetrical providers and therefore the management must evolve. The available literature demonstrates clear value in both simulation training and having a clear algorithmic approach. Similarly, the available literature suggests that delivery of the posterior arm should be prioritized. Several new techniques such as the Menticoglou maneuver, Gaskin's maneuver, and the posterior axilla sling traction technique offer obstetrical choices after more traditional techniques have failed...
December 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670710/management-of-spontaneous-labour-at-term%C3%A2-in-healthy-women
#5
Lily Lee, Jessica Dy, Hussam Azzam
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this guideline is to provide guidance for the intrapartum management of spontaneous labour, whether normal or abnormal, in term, healthy women, and to provide guidance in the management of first and second stage dystocia to increase the likelihood of a vaginal birth and optimize birth outcomes. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and the Cochrane Library in October 2011 using appropriate, controlled vocabulary (e...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649091/european-consensus-guidelines-on-the-management-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-2016-update
#6
David G Sweet, Virgilio Carnielli, Gorm Greisen, Mikko Hallman, Eren Ozek, Richard Plavka, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Umberto Simeoni, Christian P Speer, Máximo Vento, Gerard H A Visser, Henry L Halliday
Advances in the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) ensure that clinicians must continue to revise current practice. We report the third update of the European Guidelines for the Management of RDS by a European panel of expert neonatologists including input from an expert perinatal obstetrician based on available literature up to the beginning of 2016. Optimizing the outcome for babies with RDS includes consideration of when to use antenatal steroids, and good obstetric practice includes methods of predicting the risk of preterm delivery and also consideration of whether transfer to a perinatal centre is necessary and safe...
September 21, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638987/joint-sogc-ccmg-opinion-for-reproductive-genetic-carrier-screening-an-update-for-all-canadian-providers-of-maternity-and-reproductive-healthcare-in-the-era-of-direct-to-consumer-testing
#7
R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631446/-the-new-german-guideline-on-postpartum-haemorrhage-pph-essential-aspects-for-coagulation-and-circulatory-therapy
#8
Heiko Lier, Dietmar Schlembach, Wolfgang Korte, Christian von Heymann, Susanne Steppat, Maritta Kühnert, Holger Maul, Wolfgang Henrich, Werner Rath, Jürgen Wacker, Franz Kainer, Daniel Surbek, Hanns Helmer
Worldwide, post-partum haemorrhage (PHH) remains one of the leading causes for maternal mortality. The German Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, the German Midwifes' Society, the German Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis and the German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care updated the former guideline. The resulting recommendations are the results of a structured literature search and a formal consensus process and contain all aspects of PPH including diagnosis, causes, risk factors and therapy...
September 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614015/providing-antenatal-corticosteroids-for-preterm-birth-a-quality-improvement-initiative-in-cambodia-and-the-philippines
#9
Jeffrey Michael Smith, Shivam Gupta, Emma Williams, Kate Brickson, Keth Ly Sotha, Navuth Tep, Anthony Calibo, Mary Christine Castro, Bernabe Marinduque, Mark Hathaway
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a simple quality improvement initiative consisting of a technical update and regular audit and feedback sessions will result in increased use of antenatal corticosteroids among pregnant women at risk of imminent preterm birth delivering at health facilities in the Philippines and Cambodia. DESIGN: Non-randomized, observational study using a pre-/post-intervention design conducted between October 2013 and June 2014. SETTING: A total of 12 high volume facilities providing Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care services in Cambodia (6) and Philippines (6)...
September 10, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606807/asian-venous-thromboembolism-guidelines-updated-recommendations-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism
#10
Ngoh C Liew, Gina V Alemany, Pantep Angchaisuksiri, Soo M Bang, Gordon Choi, Deidre A De Silva, Ji M Hong, Limi Lee, Yong J Li, Ganesan N Rajamoney, John Suviraj, Thiam C Tan, Eric Tse, Li T Teo, Julie Jvisperas, Raymond S Wong, Lai H Lee
The Asian venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis guidelines was first published in 2012. Since its first edition, the Asian Venous Thrombosis Forum (AVTF) working group have updated the Asian VTE epidemiology and reviewed issues that were not addressed in the previous guidelines. The authors noted that the rising incidence of VTE across Asia may be attributable to aging population, dietary changes, and increasing incidence of obesity and diabetes. The new additions in the guideline include role of thrombophilia in VTE, bleeding risk in Asians, individual risk assessment, updates in the prevention of VTE in medically ill, bariatric surgery, cancer, orthopaedic and trauma patients...
September 8, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606053/perinatal-neuroprotection-update
#11
REVIEW
Angie C Jelin, Kirsten Salmeen, Dawn Gano, Irina Burd, Mari-Paule Thiet
Antepartum, intrapartum, and neonatal events can result in a spectrum of long-term neurological sequelae, including cerebral palsy, cognitive delay, schizophrenia, and autism spectrum disorders [1]. Advances in obstetrical and neonatal care have led to survival at earlier gestational ages and consequently increasing numbers of periviable infants who are at significant risk for long-term neurological deficits. Therefore, efforts to decrease and prevent cerebral insults attempt not only to decrease preterm delivery but also to improve neurological outcomes in infants delivered preterm...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546871/update-on-the-management-of-thyroid-disease-during-pregnancy
#12
Chang Hoon Yim
Thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy can result in serious complications for both the mother and infant; however, these complications can be prevented by optimal treatment of maternal overt thyroid dysfunction. Although several studies have demonstrated that maternal subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with obstetric complications and neurocognitive impairments in offspring, there is limited evidence that levothyroxine treatment can improve these complications. Therefore, most professional societies do not recommend universal screening for thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy, and instead recommend a case-finding approach in which only high-risk women are tested...
September 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474801/reproductive-aspects-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#13
REVIEW
Ozgur Oktem, Hande Yagmur, Hale Bengisu, Bulent Urman
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an auto-immune systemic disease showing a strong predilection for women of reproductive age. Higher prevalance of SLE among young women are in part accounted for by the effects of estrogen hormone on immune system. The key pathophysiological features of this disease are the generation of autoantibodies and the deposition of antibody-antigen complexes in the basal membranes of the organs where they evoke inflammatory responses and injury. Young females diagnosed with SLE are more prone to developing a multitude of adverse reproductive and obstetric outcomes, especially in the presence of active disease...
September 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467820/update-interim-guidance-for-health-care-providers-caring-for-pregnant-women-with-possible-zika-virus-exposure-united-states-july-2016
#14
Titilope Oduyebo, Irogue Igbinosa, Emily E Petersen, Kara N D Polen, Satish K Pillai, Elizabeth C Ailes, Julie M Villanueva, Kim Newsome, Marc Fischer, Priya M Gupta, Ann M Powers, Margaret Lampe, Susan Hills, Kathryn E Arnold, Laura E Rose, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Charles B Beard, Jorge L Muñoz, Carol Y Rao, Dana Meaney-Delman, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret A Honein
CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for pregnant women with possible Zika virus exposure, to include the emerging data indicating that Zika virus RNA can be detected for prolonged periods in some pregnant women. To increase the proportion of pregnant women with Zika virus infection who receive a definitive diagnosis, CDC recommends expanding real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) testing. Possible exposures to Zika virus include travel to or residence in an area with active Zika virus transmission, or sex* with a partner who has traveled to or resides in an area with active Zika virus transmission without using condoms or other barrier methods to prevent infection...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466002/reaction-on-twitter-to-a-cluster-of-perinatal-deaths-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Sarah Meaney, Leanne Cussen, Richard A Greene, Keelin O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: Participation in social networking sites is commonplace and the micro-blogging site Twitter can be considered a platform for the rapid broadcasting of news stories. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the Twitter status updates and subsequent responses relating to a number of perinatal deaths which occurred in a small maternity unit in Ireland. METHODS: An analysis of Twitter status updates, over a two month period from January to March 2014, was undertaken to identify the key themes arising in relation to the perinatal deaths...
July 27, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457396/-assisted-vaginal-delivery
#16
O Šimetka, I Michalec
UNLABELLED: This article is meant to be a complement to the new statement "Assisted vaginal delivery" of the Section of perinatal and fetomaternal medicine (SPFM) of the Czech Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics ČLS JEP, which is also published in this issue of Czech gynecology. The new statement has been formed as a synthesis of two previous separate statements of the SPFM "Vacuumextraction" and "Forceps delivery" and has also been updated based on new scientific knowledge. This review publication summarizes latest knowledge on vacuumextraction and forceps delivery and adds comments to certain points from the statement...
April 2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244834/standard-terminology-for-fetal-infant-and-perinatal-deaths
#17
Wanda D Barfield
Accurately defining and reporting perinatal deaths (ie, fetal and infant deaths) is a critical first step in understanding the magnitude and causes of these important events. In addition to obstetric health care providers, neonatologists and pediatricians should have easy access to current and updated resources that clearly provide US definitions and reporting requirements for live births, fetal deaths, and infant deaths. Correct identification of these vital events will improve local, state, and national data so that these deaths can be better addressed and prevented...
May 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235645/prediction-and-prevention-of-gestational-diabetes-an-update-of-recent-literature
#18
REVIEW
M A Kennelly, F M McAuliffe
A diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes (GDM) confers adverse risk to the health of the mother and fetus both in pregnancy and later life. The background rate in pregnancy varies between 2 and 14% with incidences reported to be as high as 40% in obese populations. GDM diagnoses are escalating because of rising numbers of overweight and obesity in the reproductive age group but also because of different screening and diagnostic criteria. Lifestyle modification in those diagnosed with GDM has been proven to be an effective treatment in attenuating the metabolic dysregulation associated with this and potentially avoiding the need for medical therapy with either metformin or insulin...
July 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163599/extrauterine-pelvic-serous-carcinomas-current-update-on-pathology-and-cross-sectional-imaging-findings
#19
Venkata S Katabathina, Farhan S Amanullah, Christine O Menias, Melissa M Chen, Philip T Valente, Kedar N Chintapalli, Srinivasa R Prasad
The spectrum of extrauterine pelvic serous carcinomas includes ovarian serous carcinoma, primary peritoneal serous carcinoma, and primary fallopian tube carcinoma. Ovarian serous carcinoma, the most common ovarian malignant epithelial neoplasm, consists of two distinct entities: high-grade and low-grade serous carcinomas. Primary peritoneal serous carcinoma and primary fallopian tube carcinoma are rare malignancies that share many characteristics of high-grade serous carcinomas. Recent advances in the genetics and molecular biology of gynecologic cancers have suggested a common origin of many extrauterine pelvic serous carcinomas from fallopian tube epithelium...
May 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129743/pregnancy-and-contraception-in-systemic-and-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus
#20
G Guettrot-Imbert, N Morel, V Le Guern, G Plu-Bureau, C Frances, N Costedoat-Chalumeau
A causal link has long been described between estrogen and systemic lupus erythematosus activity. Contraceptive and pregnancy management is now common for lupus patients, but pregnancy continues to be associated with higher maternal and fetal mortality/morbidity in systemic lupus erythematosus patients than among the general population. Potential complications include lupus flares, obstetric complications (fetal loss, in utero growth retardation, premature birth) and neonatal lupus syndrome. Association with antiphospholipid antibodies or antiphospholipid syndrome increases the risk of obstetric complications...
April 26, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
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