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Emergency obstetric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332000/how-good-are-doctors-at-introducing-themselves-hellomynameis
#1
Peter Gillen, Sue Faye Sharifuddin, Muireann O'Sullivan, Alison Gordon, Eva M Doherty
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was triggered by the '#hellomynameis' campaign initiated by Dr Kate Granger in the UK. Our objectives were twofold: first, to measure rates of introduction in an Irish hospital setting by both consultant and non-consultant hospital doctors. Second to establish whether such practices were associated with patient perceptions of the doctor/patient interaction. METHOD: A patient 'exit' survey was undertaken following doctor-patient consultations in both acute (surgical and medical assessment units) and elective settings (outpatient clinics)...
January 13, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325263/-analysis-of-2-204-stillbirths-in-11-hospitals-of-guangdong-province
#2
L Yu, M Tang, X H Fan, H M Du, H Tang, P Chen, S L Xing, C H Su, D J Chen
Objective: To analyze the incidence and causes of stillbirth in 11 hospitals of Guangdong province, and to explore the appropriate interventions. Methods: Clinical data of stillbirth in 11 hospitals of Guangdong province were collected from January 2014 to December 2016. The gestational weeks, causes, maternal conditions and other factors were analyzed. Results: (1) From 2014 to 2016, 103 472 newborns were delivered in the 11 hospitals, and the number of stillbirth was 2 204, with the incidence of 2.13%. Among them, 0...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323605/outcomes-for-gestational-carriers-versus-traditional-surrogates-in-the-united-states
#3
Erika L Fuchs, Abbey B Berenson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the obstetric and procedural outcomes of traditional surrogates and gestational carriers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants included 222 women living in the United States who completed a brief online survey between November 2015 and February 2016. Differences between gestational carriers (n = 204) and traditional surrogates (n = 18) in demographic characteristics, pregnancy outcomes, and procedural outcomes were examined using chi-squared tests, Fisher's exact tests, and t-tests...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322704/evaluation-of-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-by-ct-mri-and-mr-venography
#4
Pratibha Issar, Sirasapalli Chinna, Sanjeev Kumar Issar
Objective: To study and compare cerebral parenchymal changes and sinuses involvement in CT with MRI and MRV in Cerebral Venous Thrombosis patients. Method: This study was carried out in the Department of Radiodiagnosis, JLN Hospital and Research Center, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh from October 2012 to Nov 2014 and includes fifty patients of all age groups presenting with clinical symptoms of CVT, admitted in Neurology, Neurosurgery, Medicine, Pediatric, obstetric and Gynecology wards...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322220/diabetes-and-pregnancy-national-trends-over-a-15%C3%A2-year-period
#5
Sharon T Mackin, Scott M Nelson, Joannes J Kerssens, Rachael Wood, Sarah Wild, Helen M Colhoun, Graham P Leese, Sam Philip, Robert S Lindsay
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to examine time trends in national perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We analysed episode-level data on all obstetric inpatient delivery events (live or stillbirth) between 1 April 1998 and 31 March 2013 (n = 813,921) using the Scottish Morbidity Record (SMR02). Pregnancies to mothers with type 1 (n = 3229) and type 2 (n = 1452) diabetes were identified from the national diabetes database (Scottish Care Information-Diabetes), and perinatal outcomes were compared among women with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and those without diabetes...
January 11, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318985/a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-during-caesarean-section-in-women-at-risk-of-haemorrhage-the-salvo-cell-salvage-in-obstetrics-trial
#6
Khalid S Khan, Philip Moore, Matthew Wilson, Richard Hooper, Shubha Allard, Ian Wrench, Tracy Roberts, Carol McLoughlin, Lee Beresford, James Geoghegan, Jane Daniels, Sue Catling, Vicki A Clark, Paul Ayuk, Stephen Robson, Fang Gao-Smith, Matthew Hogg, Louise Jackson, Doris Lanz, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section is associated with blood loss and maternal morbidity. Excessive blood loss requires transfusion of donor (allogeneic) blood, which is a finite resource. Cell salvage returns blood lost during surgery to the mother. It may avoid the need for donor blood transfusion, but reliable evidence of its effects is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine if routine use of cell salvage during caesarean section in mothers at risk of haemorrhage reduces the rates of blood transfusion and postpartum maternal morbidity, and is cost-effective, in comparison with standard practice without routine salvage use...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313912/complications-in-obstetric-anaesthesia
#7
REVIEW
L Maronge, D Bogod
'Obstetric anaesthesia is a litigious area of medical practice - patient expectations are high, and many of the interventions undertaken by anaesthetists are performed urgently or emergently, frequently out of hours. The complications that occur during obstetric practice are not unique to this area of anaesthesia, but some of the physiological and anatomical changes that take place during pregnancy can affect the frequency with which these happen. In this narrative review, we hope to cover a few of the more common complications in obstetric anaesthesia, as well as some of the more severe, yet less frequently occurring problems...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313458/clinician-perspectives-on-strategies-to-improve-patient-maternal-immunization-acceptability-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-practice-settings
#8
Paula M Frew, Laura A Randall, Fauzia Malik, Rupali Lamaye, Andrew Wilson, Sean T O'Leary, Daniel Salmon, Meghan Donnelly, Kevin Ault, Matthew Z Dudley, Vincent L Fenimore, Saad B Omer
Pregnancy is an ideal time to communicate with women about vaccines for themselves and their infants, yet maternal immunization rates remain suboptimal. This study aimed to identify clinic, provider, and staff-related attributes and facilitators to be utilized for a comprehensive vaccine intervention in ob-gyn clinical settings. We conducted in-depth interviews with 24 providers, both healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, nurse practitioners, midwives) and practice managers, from urban and suburban ob-gyn practices in Georgia and Colorado about their immunization attitudes, practices, and patient experiences...
January 9, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310618/epidemiology-of-unplanned-out-of-hospital-births-attended-by-paramedics
#9
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Over the previous two decades the incidence and number of unplanned out of hospital births Victoria has increased. As the only out of hospital emergency care providers in Victoria, paramedics would provide care for women having birth emergencies in the community. However, there is a lack of research about the involvement of paramedics provide for these women and their newborns. This research reports the clinical profile of a 1-year sample caseload of births attended by a state-wide ambulance service in Australia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306854/successful-management-of-a-24-year-old-pregnant-woman-with-necrotising-fasciitis-of-the-forearm
#10
Sam Nahas, Anne McKirdy, Arjuna Imbuldeniya
A 24-year-old woman who was 24 weeks pregnant presented to the emergency department with septic shock and an elbow wound that had become infected. She sustained an injury to the tip of the right elbow on a light switch 4 days prior. In the space of 1 day, she developed a necrotising soft tissue infection, which was rapidly spread to the forearm with florid sepsis. Her initial serum C reactive protein was 392 mg/L, and white cell count was 32×109/L. The patient was treated promptly with aggressive surgical debridement and broad-spectrum antibiotics...
January 6, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306422/obstetrical-patients-in-the-emergency-care-setting
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297609/proceedings-beyond-ultrasound-first-forum-on-improving-the-quality-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#12
Beryl R Benacerraf, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Bryann S Bromley, Brian D Coley, Peter M Doubilet, Wesley Lee, Samuel H Maslak, John S Pellerito, James J Perez, Eric Savitsky, Norman A Scarborough, Joseph Wax, Alfred Z Abuhamad
The Beyond Ultrasound First Forum was conceived to increase awareness that the quality of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound can be improved, and is inconsistent throughout the country, likely due to multiple factors, including the lack of a standardized curriculum and competency assessment in ultrasound teaching. The forum brought together representatives from many professional associations; the imaging community including radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, and emergency medicine among others; in addition to government agencies, insurers, industry, and others with common interest in obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound...
January 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297394/appropriateness-and-timeliness-of-care-seeking-for-complications-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-rural-ethiopia-a-case-study-of-the-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-ethiopia-partnership
#13
Lynn M Sibley, Yared Amare, Solomon Tesfaye Abebe, Mulusew Lijalem Belew, Kemeredin Shiffra, Danika Barry
BACKGROUND: In 2014, USAID and University Research Co., LLC, initiated a new project under the broader Translating Research into Action portfolio of projects. This new project was entitled Systematic Documentation of Illness Recognition and Appropriate Care Seeking for Maternal and Newborn Complications. This project used a common protocol involving descriptive mixed-methods case studies of community projects in six low- and middle-income countries, including Ethiopia. In this paper, we present the Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership (MaNHEP) case study...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295798/pneumocephalus-after-epidural-injection
#14
Jerel Chacko, Kelly Levis, Barry Hahn
BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus, or air in the intracranial space, is most commonly encountered after trauma or surgery. Epidural injections are commonly performed in obstetrics and pain management. Complications are uncommon and include hemorrhage, cerebrospinal fluid leak, and infection. A rare complication is pneumocephalus, described in only a few case reports of epidural anesthesia. CASE REPORT: We describe a 34-year-old woman complaining of a generalized headache 6 days after an unremarkable vaginal delivery that was assisted by an epidural injection...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289550/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-of-a-multistate-collaborative-to-reduce-maternal-mortality-from-postpartum-hemorrhage
#15
Marla Seacrist, Debra Bingham, Ben Scheich, Renee Byfield
OBJECTIVE: To describe the barriers and facilitators to implementing the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses Postpartum Hemorrhage (AWHONN PPH) Project experienced by hospital leaders, project champions, and staff. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study with a grounded theory approach. SETTING: Hospital leaders, champions, and staff from hospitals in New Jersey and Georgia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 21 nurses and physicians who worked at six hospitals shared their experiences with regard to implementation of the AWHONN PPH Project...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272998/risk-factors-and-outcome-of-patients-with-eclampsia-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-egypt
#16
Ahmad Mahran, Hashem Fares, Reham Elkhateeb, Mahmoud Ibrahim, Haitham Bahaa, Ahmad Sanad, Alaa Gamal, Mohamed Zeeneldin, Eissa Khalifa, Ahmed Abdelghany
BACKGROUND: Eclampsia is a major cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and maternal and perinatal outcome in patients with eclampsia in order to get reliable data that helps in reducing the incidence and improving the outcome in an area with high incidence of eclampsia. METHODS: Retrospective study including 250 patients diagnosed with eclampsia at Minia Maternity University Hopsital, Minia, Egypt in the period between January 2013 and December 2014...
December 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262486/-association-between-elective-cesarean-section-and-infants-developmental-behaviors-a-cohort-study
#17
Y F Sun, K Huang, Y B Hu, H Gao, Y Niu, X Y Tao, R W Tao, P Zhu, F B Tao
Objective: To investigate the effect of elective cesarean section (ECS) on infants' developmental behaviors. Methods: A total of 3 474 pregnant women living in Ma'anshan more than 6 months and accepting obstetric examination in Ma'anshan Maternal and Child Care Center were recruited from May 2013 to September 2014. Excluding participants with pregnancy termination (162), twin pregnancy (39), assisted delivery (14), emergency cesarean section (76) and unclear delivery mode (141), 3 042 pair of mother and infant entered the final analysis...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261655/cell-salvage-and-donor-blood-transfusion-during-cesarean-section-a-pragmatic-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-salvo
#18
Khalid S Khan, Philip A S Moore, Matthew J Wilson, Richard Hooper, Shubha Allard, Ian Wrench, Lee Beresford, Tracy E Roberts, Carol McLoughlin, James Geoghegan, Jane P Daniels, Sue Catling, Vicki A Clark, Paul Ayuk, Stephen Robson, Fang Gao-Smith, Matthew Hogg, Doris Lanz, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Excessive haemorrhage at cesarean section requires donor (allogeneic) blood transfusion. Cell salvage may reduce this requirement. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a pragmatic randomised controlled trial (at 26 obstetric units; participants recruited from 4 June 2013 to 17 April 2016) of routine cell salvage use (intervention) versus current standard of care without routine salvage use (control) in cesarean section among women at risk of haemorrhage...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258438/supreme%C3%A2-laryngeal-mask-airway-use-in-general-anesthesia-for-category-2-and-3-cesarean-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Shi Yang Li, Wei Yu Yao, Yong Jin Yuan, Wen Shu Tay, Nian-Lin Reena Han, Rehena Sultana, Pryseley N Assam, Alex Tiong-Heng Sia, Ban Leong Sng
BACKGROUND: The Supreme™ laryngeal mask airway (SLMA) is a single-use LMA with double lumen design that allows separation of the respiratory and the alimentary tract, hence potentially reducing the gastric volume and risk of aspiration. The purpose of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the the role of the SLMA as an airway technique for women undergoing category 2 and 3 Cesarean delivery under general anesthesia. METHODS: We recruited 584 parturients who underwent category 2 or 3 Cesarean delivery under general anesthesia, in which 193 parturients underwent category 2 and 391 parturients underwent category 3 Cesarean delivery...
December 19, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251370/barriers-and-facilitators-to-birth-without-epidural-in-a-tertiary-obstetric-referral-center-perspectives-of-health-care-professionals-and-patients
#20
Alyssa Knox, Geneviève Rouleau, Sonia Semenic, Malisa Khongkham, Luisa Ciofani
BACKGROUND: Epidural rates are high in tertiary obstetric referral centers, even though many patients in tertiary settings might not want or need epidural analgesia. Epidural rates are influenced by factors including labor support and routine medical intervention. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to birth without epidural in a Canadian tertiary center, from the perspectives of doctors, nurses, and patients. METHODS: In this qualitative exploratory study, individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2016 with 5 doctors, 5 nurses, and 4 patients who intended to birth without epidural...
December 18, 2017: Birth
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