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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146211/using-parent-and-self-reports-to-evaluate-eating-disturbances-in-young-girls-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley
BACKGROUND: Eating Disturbances (ED) often occur in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but most previous studies have relied on parent-reported data about males with ASD. Few studies have collected data from younger girls with ASD using self-reports and parents' reports. AIMS: To compare self-reports and parents' reports of ED in a sample of 52 young girls with ASD, a standardised scale for ED was revised for use with younger girls with ASD. METHODS: Mothers of 52 girls with ASD aged from 6 to 17 years completed the Swedish Eating Assessment for Autism spectrum disorders (SWEAA) on their daughters; the girls also completed the SWEAA as a self-report...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144981/barriers-to-self-compassion-for-female-survivors-of-childhood-maltreatment-the-roles-of-fear-of-self-compassion-and-psychological-inflexibility
#2
Derrecka M Boykin, Sara J Himmerich, Caitlin M Pinciotti, Lindsay M Miller, Lynsey R Miron, Holly K Orcutt
Preliminary evidence has demonstrated the benefits of targeting self-compassion in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, survivors of childhood maltreatment may present with unique challenges that compromise the effectiveness of these and other PTSD treatments. Specifically, childhood maltreatment victims often exhibit a marked fear and active resistance of self-kindness and warmth (i.e., fear of self-compassion). Victims may also attempt to control distressing internal experiences in a way that hinders engagement in value-based actions (i...
November 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107786/predictors-of-treatment-utilization-and-barriers-to-treatment-utilization-among-individuals-with-lifetime-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#3
Bradley T Kerridge, Pia M Mauro, S Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Roger P Pickering, Amy Z Fan, Bridget F Grant, Deborah S Hasin
OBJECTIVE: To present information on predictors of treatment utilization and barriers to treatment utilization among individuals with lifetime DSM-5 cannabis use disorder (CUD). METHOD: Face-to-face survey of a representative sample of the adult US general population (n=36,309). RESULTS: Treatment rates for CUD were low in this general population survey (13.7%). Severity of CUD and comorbidity of other lifetime drug use disorders were significant predictors of lifetime treatment utilization for CUD...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054291/neuroscience-informed-psychoeducation-for-addiction-medicine-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#4
Hamed Ekhtiari, Tara Rezapour, Robin L Aupperle, Martin P Paulus
Psychoeducation (PE) is defined as an intervention with systematic, structured, and didactic knowledge transfer for an illness and its treatment, integrating emotional and motivational aspects to enable patients to cope with the illness and to improve its treatment adherence and efficacy. PE is considered an important component of treatment in both medical and psychiatric disorders, especially for mental health disorders associated with lack of insight, such as alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUDs). New advancements in neuroscience have shed light on how various aspects of ASUDs may relate to neural processes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052749/-body-experience-and-self-esteem-after-minimally-invasive-skin-rejuvenation-study-of-female-patients-using-botulinum-toxin%C3%A2-a-and-or-dermal-fillers
#5
REVIEW
D Scharschmidt, S Preiß, E Brähler, T Fischer, A Borkenhagen
BACKGROUND: More and more people worldwide and also in Germany are using botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and hyaluronic acid injections for skin rejuvenation. OBJECTIVE: Study on body image and self-esteem of women with BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid filler treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 145 women who requested BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid injections completed a survey comprised of the body dysmorphic disorder questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and questionnaires on the attitudes and motives on measures for optimization of the body and demographic features...
October 20, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051177/high-intelligence-and-the-risk-of-adhd-and-other-psychopathology
#6
Nanda Rommelse, Kevin Antshel, Stijn Smeets, Corina Greven, Lianne Hoogeveen, Stephen V Faraone, Catharina A Hartman
BackgroundHigh intelligence may be associated with positive (adaptive, desired) outcomes, but may also come with disadvantages.AimsTo contribute empirically to the debate concerning whether a trade-off in IQ scores exists in relation to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related problems, suggesting that high intelligence - like low intelligence - increases the risk of ADHD.MethodCurves of the relation between IQ score and ADHD problems were fitted to questionnaire data (parent, teacher, self-report) in a population-based study of 2221 children and adolescents aged 10-12 years...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046268/multisite-semiautomated-clinical-data-repository-for-duplication-15q-syndrome-study-protocol-and-early-uses
#7
Oluwaseun Jessica Ajayi, Ebony Jeannae Smith, Teeradache Viangteeravat, Eunice Y Huang, Naga Satya V Rao Nagisetty, Nora Urraca, Laina Lusk, Brenda Finucane, Dimitrios Arkilo, Jennifer Young, Shafali Jeste, Ronald Thibert, Lawrence T Reiter
BACKGROUND: Chromosome 15q11.2-q13.1 duplication syndrome (Dup15q syndrome) is a rare disorder caused by duplications of chromosome 15q11.2-q13.1, resulting in a wide range of developmental disabilities in affected individuals. The Dup15q Alliance is an organization that provides family support and promotes research to improve the quality of life of patients living with Dup15q syndrome. Because of the low prevalence of this condition, the establishment of a single research repository would have been difficult and more time consuming without collaboration across multiple institutions...
October 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036866/the-prevalence-of-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-iran-a-meta-analysis-study
#8
Ayub Parno, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Mohsen Parno, Mohammad Khandan, Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Maryam Maghsoudipour, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSDs) is crucial as they jeopardize the well-being of the workforce in workplaces and are prevalent in developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of WRMSDs among Iranian workers. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of WRMSDs in Iran was performed by searching relevant keywords in authentic databases and search engines such as SID, Google Scholar, Medlib and PubMed...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035666/examination-of-risk-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-among-college-football-players
#9
Bailey Peck, Timothy Renzi, Hannah Peach, Jane Gaultney, Joseph S Marino
CONTEXT: Professional football linemen are at risk for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) compared to other types of athletes. It is currently unknown whether collegiate football linemen display a similar risk profile. OBJECTIVE: 1) Determine for the first time whether collegiate football linemen show risk for SDB, and 2) Test the hypothesis that SDB risk is higher in collegiate football linemen compared to an athletic comparison group. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033868/is-schizophrenia-a-disorder-of-consciousness-experimental-and-phenomenological-support-for-anomalous-unconscious-processing
#10
Anne Giersch, Aaron L Mishara
Decades ago, several authors have proposed that disorders in automatic processing lead to intrusive symptoms or abnormal contents in the consciousness of people with schizophrenia. However, since then, studies have mainly highlighted difficulties in patients' conscious experiencing and processing but rarely explored how unconscious and conscious mechanisms may interact in producing this experience. We report three lines of research, focusing on the processing of spatial frequencies, unpleasant information, and time-event structure that suggest that impairments occur at both the unconscious and conscious level...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030020/the-trajectory-of-positive-psychological-change-in-a-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#11
S A Harding
A stressful event may be sufficient to challenge a strongly held set of assumptions about the world and the self. In some people this may lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and in others to positive psychological change (PPC), whereby a person's reactions to the challenge are beneficial. Little research has investigated PPC in people who have had head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to identify demographic, clinical, and psychological factors associated with PPC over time. A cross-sequential study collected data over 5 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028365/exploring-self-care-and-preferred-supports-for-adult-parents-in-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-qualitative-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#12
Phyllis A Raynor, Charlene Pope, Janet York, Gigi Smith, Martina Mueller
Very little is known about the self-care behaviors (SCB) that adult parents employ and the preferred supports they utilize to maintain their recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) while also parenting their children. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach to explore perceptions of self-care and parenting to inform future self-care interventions for parents in early recovery. Nineteen mothers and fathers of at least one child between the ages of 6-18 were interviewed by telephone about parental self-care practices while in recovery from SUD, recovery management, and preferred supports in the community...
November 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026044/innovative-scattering-analysis-shows-that-hydrophobic-disordered-proteins-are-expanded-in-water
#13
Joshua A Riback, Micayla A Bowman, Adam M Zmyslowski, Catherine R Knoverek, John M Jumper, James R Hinshaw, Emily B Kaye, Karl F Freed, Patricia L Clark, Tobin R Sosnick
A substantial fraction of the proteome is intrinsically disordered, and even well-folded proteins adopt non-native geometries during synthesis, folding, transport, and turnover. Characterization of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) is challenging, in part because of a lack of accurate physical models and the difficulty of interpreting experimental results. We have developed a general method to extract the dimensions and solvent quality (self-interactions) of IDPs from a single small-angle x-ray scattering measurement...
October 13, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986148/brain-activity-unique-to-orgasm-in-women-an-fmri-analysis
#14
Nan J Wise, Eleni Frangos, Barry R Komisaruk
BACKGROUND: Although the literature on imaging of regional brain activity during sexual arousal in women and men is extensive and largely consistent, that on orgasm is relatively limited and variable, owing in part to the methodologic challenges posed by variability in latency to orgasm in participants and head movement. AIM: To compare brain activity at orgasm (self- and partner-induced) with that at the onset of genital stimulation, immediately before the onset of orgasm, and immediately after the cessation of orgasm and to upgrade the methodology for obtaining and analyzing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) findings...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980847/mirror-efficiency-in-the-assessment-of-visual-pursuit-in-patients-in-minimally-conscious-state
#15
Sarah Wannez, Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Steven Laureys, Serge Brédart
OBJECTIVE: Visual pursuit should be tested with a mirror in patients with disorders of consciousness. This stimulus was indeed more efficient than a person or an object, and the auto-referential aspect was supposed to be the key feature. The present study tested the hypothesis that the mirror was more efficient because of its self-aspect. METHODS: The mirror was compared (1) to the patient's picture and to the picture of a famous face, in 22 patients in minimally conscious state and (2) to the patient's picture and a fake mirror, which had dynamical and bright aspects of the mirror, without reflecting the face, in 26 other patients in minimally conscious state...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979823/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-the-central-nervous-system-potential-biomarkers-in-identifying-suicide-risk
#16
REVIEW
Atmaram Yarlagadda, Kevin P Rosenblatt, Anita H Clayton
The rate of completed suicides continues to rise across nations, cultures, socioeconomic classes, age groups, sexes, military personnel, veterans, and civilians from different backgrounds. Most concerning is the absence of diagnosed mental health disorders in the majority of these cases, per current literature reports. Efforts in the identification and possible prevention of this ultimate, tragic act of self-destruction have been minimally successful. In this article, the authors discuss the possible biological mechanisms including the role for potential markers, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and their association with suicidal behaviors...
May 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970192/efficacy-of-seren-ctif-a-computer-based-stress-management-program-for-patients-with-adjustment-disorder-with-anxiety-protocol-for-a-controlled-trial
#17
Dominique Servant, Anne-Claire Leterme, Olivia Barasino, Laure Rougegrez, Alain Duhamel, Guillaume Vaiva
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder with anxiety (ADA) is the most frequent and best characterized stress-related psychiatric disorder. The rationale for prescription of benzodiazepine monotherapy is a public health issue. Cognitive behavioral stress management programs have been studied in many countries. Several reports have shown beyond reasonable doubt their efficiency at reducing perceived stress and anxiety symptoms and improving patient quality of life. Considering the number of people who could benefit from such programs but are unable to access them, self-help programs have been offered...
October 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963796/are-eating-disorders-all-about-control-the-elusive-psychopathology-of-nonfat-phobic-presentations
#18
Helen B Murray, Kathryn Coniglio, Andrea S Hartmann, Anne E Becker, Kamryn T Eddy, Jennifer J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: There are a subset of individuals with eating disorders (EDs) who do not overevaluate body shape/weight (i.e., nonfat phobic ED; NFP-ED). According to the transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of EDs, a need for control, in general, is hypothesized as the core psychopathology of NFP-EDs, with shape- and weight-related motivations for ED behavior merely superimposed in FP-ED presentations. This study tested the need for control as motivation for restriction in NFP-ED, using items aimed at assessing control from the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) Restraint scale...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945776/test-retest-reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-the-beck-depression-inventory-and-the-taiwan-geriatric-depression-scale-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Sheau-Ling Huang, Ching-Lin Hsieh, Ruey-Meei Wu, Wen-Shian Lu
BACKGROUND: The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) and the Taiwan Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS) are self-report scales used for assessing depression in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and geriatric people. The minimal detectable change (MDC) represents the least amount of change that indicates real difference (i.e., beyond random measurement error) for a single subject. Our aim was to investigate the test-retest reliability and MDC of the BDI-II and the TGDS in people with PD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888509/tummy-time-for-latinos-with-limited-english-proficiency-evaluating-the-feasibility-of-a-cultural-and-linguistically-adapted-parent-education-intervention
#20
Alexandra Nitsos, Robin Dawson Estrada, DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias
PURPOSE: Tummy Time is preventive positioning designed to strengthen an infant's neck and upper body muscles and minimize musculoskeletal disorders, including positional plagiocephaly. Latino parents with limited English proficiency (LEP) may experience barriers to receiving instruction on this important health-promotion strategy. Study aims included 1) adaptation and implementation of a Spanish-language version of Tummy Time; 2) evaluation of participant Tummy Time knowledge; and 3) assessment of efficacy and acceptability of the Spanish language intervention...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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