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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782040/two-repetitive-bouts-of-intense-eccentric-concentric-jaw-exercises-reduce-experimental-muscle-pain-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Rosaria Bucci, Frank Lobbezoo, Ambrosina Michelotti, Michail Koutris
BACKGROUND: High-intensity eccentric-concentric contractions of the jaw-closing muscles induce muscle soreness, fatigue, and functional impairment of the jaw, resembling the symptoms of myalgia, according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). However, it is claimed that repetition of similar exercises can minimize these detrimental effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the response of jaw closing muscles following two series of intense eccentric-concentric exercises of the masticatory muscles in healthy subjects...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728939/coping-strategies-in-caregivers-of-disorders-of-consciousness-patients
#2
Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Carmela Rifici, Alessia Bramanti, Silvia Marino
OBJECTIVE: The management of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) has raised several important ethical, social, and medical issues. It is also known that families and caregivers are subjected to physical and emotional load due to their assistance activity. The aim of this observational study was to compare distress and coping strategies used among caregivers of two kinds of DOC: vegetative state (VS) and minimally conscious state (MCS). METHODS: We have enrolled 80 caregivers (mean age 47...
May 4, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721719/a-systematic-review-of-land-based-self-exclusion-programs-demographics-gambling-behavior-gambling-problems-mental-symptoms-and-mental-health
#3
REVIEW
Roxana Kotter, Anja Kräplin, Andre Pittig, Gerhard Bühringer
Systematic and quantitative reviews on the effects of land-based self-exclusion are scarce. Therefore, the current review aimed to provide a comprehensive summary of (1) the demographic characteristics of land-based self-excluders and changes after exclusion, including (2) gambling behavior, (3) gambling problems, (4) mental symptoms, and (5) mental health. A systematic database and literature search was performed following PRISMA guidelines. Nineteen naturalistic studies met the eligibility criteria. The quality of all included records was rated via adaption of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686612/minimal-self-and-timing-disorders-in-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#4
Brice Martin, Nicolas Franck, Michel Cermolacce, Jennifer T Coull, Anne Giersch
For years, phenomenological psychiatry has proposed that distortions of the temporal structure of consciousness contribute to the abnormal experiences described before schizophrenia emerges, and may relate to basic disturbances in consciousness of the self. However, considering that temporality refers mainly to an implicit aspect of our relationship with the world, disturbances in the temporal structure of consciousness remain difficult to access. Nonetheless, previous studies have shown a correlation between self disorders and the automatic ability to expect an event in time, suggesting timing is a key issue for the psychopathology of schizophrenia...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678427/the-psychological-impact-of-adult-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#5
Zoe A Landers, Rishabh Jethanandani, Steve K Lee, Carol A Mancuso, Mavis Seehaus, Scott W Wolfe
PURPOSE: There is a high incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, suicide risk, and psychological distress after orthopedic trauma and hand and upper-extremity injury. Although patients with traumatic adult brachial plexus injury are particularly vulnerable to psychologic distress, minimal clinical data exist about this cohort of patients. In this study, we sought to discover the prevalence of depression, PTSD, suicidal ideation, and substance abuse. METHODS: Between February, 2013 and July, 2014, during scheduled preoperative and/or postoperative appointments, the social worker at a metropolitan brachial plexus center conducted psychosocial assessments and questionnaire assessments of 21 patients evaluating for PTSD, depression, and substance use using 3 validated scales: PTSD Checklist-Specific, Patient Health Questionnaire-8, and National Institute on Drug Abuse Quick Screen...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664508/oral-self-mutilation-in-lesch-nyhan-syndrome-case-report
#6
Andrés Campolo González, Alex Vargas Díaz, Daniel Fontboté Riesco, Marta Hernández Chávez
INTRODUCTION: Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) is an inherited recessive X-related disorder caused by the deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthin-guanine phosphorribosyl transferase (HPRT). Compul sive self-mutilation and dystonia occurs before the first year of age and is expressed by persistent bites on the oral mucosa, lips, tongue, fingers, and shoulders. The dental intervention performed on most of these patients is multiple tooth extraction to prevent serious secondary lesions. OBJECTIVE: To present a clinical case of LNS and describe pediatric dentistry management in patients with self-mutilating behavior...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657672/efficacy-and-safety-evaluation-of-high-density-intense-pulsed-light-in-the-treatment-of-grades-ii-and-iv-acne-vulgaris-as-monotherapy-in-dark-skinned-women-of-child-bearing-age
#7
Ajay J Deshpande
Background: Acne vulgaris is a self-limiting, chronic inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit characterized by exacerbations and remissions. It is often the early manifestation of puberty, and in girls it appears relatively early. In women, acne tends to become aggravated during the menstrual period, pregnancy, and in those who are on progesterone. Acne treatment is divided into two parts: topical and systemic. For Grades 1 and 2 acne, topical treatment is sufficient, while for Grades 3 and 4 acne, systemic drugs such as tetracyclines and retinoids are required to control the symptoms...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651395/fat-grafting-technique-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-treatment-of-tuberous-breast
#8
Claudiox Claudio Silva-Vergara, Joan Fontdevila, Omar Weshahy
BACKGROUND: The tuberous breast syndrome is a condition that affects young women and can bring on serious disorders of self-esteem. There are numerous surgical techniques to correct this condition, but most of them include the use of breast implants to replace lack of volume. Nowadays, patients are increasingly becoming more demanding to get a definitive solution with minimal aesthetic sequelae. METHODS: We present a series of 11 patients with tuberous breast deformities treated with lipofilling technique...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649978/personalized-objects-can-optimize-the-diagnosis-of-emcs-in-the-assessment-of-functional-object-use-in-the-crs-r-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Yuxiao Sun, Jianan Wang, Lizette Heine, Wangshan Huang, Jing Wang, Nantu Hu, Xiaohua Hu, Xiaohui Fang, Supeng Huang, Steven Laureys, Haibo Di
BACKGROUND: Behavioral assessment has been acted as the gold standard for the diagnosis of disorders of consciousness (DOC) patients. The item "Functional Object Use" in the motor function sub-scale in the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) is a key item in differentiating between minimally conscious state (MCS) and emergence from MCS (EMCS). However, previous studies suggested that certain specific stimuli, especially something self-relevant can affect DOC patients' scores of behavioral assessment scale...
April 12, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620796/recent-alcohol-use-prolongs-hospital-length-of-stay-following-lung-transplant
#10
Erin M Lowery, Meagan Yong, Arala Cohen, Cara Joyce, Elizabeth J Kovacs
Little is known about the alcohol habits of people with advanced lung disease. Following lung transplantation patients are asked to abstain from or minimize alcohol use. The aim of this investigation is to assess alcohol use in a cohort of patients with advanced lung disease undergoing evaluation for lung transplant. This is a prospective observational investigation comparing patient self-report of alcohol use with their responses on the Alcohol Use Disorder and Identification Test, and alcohol biomarkers collected at the time of transplant...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617165/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-a-first-ever-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-the-chinese-population-a-pilot-study
#11
Che Jiang
The objective of this study was to reveal the prevalence, associated risk factors, and long-term outcomes of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Consecutive patients admitted to our institute from January 2016 to September 2016 for a first-ever ICH were asked to participate in our study. PTSD was determined with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition; DSM-5), and questionnaires on mental and physical status were used. Patients were followed at 3 and 12 months after ICH...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565750/reconsidering-the-autohypnotic-model-of-the-dissociative-disorders
#12
Paul F Dell
The dissociative disorders field and the hypnosis field currently reject the autohypnotic model of the dissociative disorders, largely because many correlational studies have shown hypnotizability and dissociation to be minimally related (r = .12). Curiously, it is also widely accepted that dissociative patients are highly hypnotizable. If dissociative patients are highly hypnotizable because only highly hypnotizable individuals can develop a dissociative disorder - as the author proposes - then the methodology of correlational studies of hypnotizability and dissociation in random clinical and community samples would necessarily be constitutively unable to detect, and statistically unable to reflect, that fact...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547946/prevalence-of-pain-diagnoses-and-burden-of-pain-among-active-duty-soldiers-fy2012
#13
Sharon Reif, Rachel Sayko Adams, Grant A Ritter, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
Introduction: Soldiers are at risk for acute and chronic pain due to the mental and physical challenges of military duties and ongoing training for force readiness. With the burden of pain on any individual attributable across pain sources, a broad perspective that goes beyond prior characterizations of pain is important. We aim to further the understanding of pain's effects among non-deployed active duty soldiers and the Military Health System (MHS), by describing prevalence of 10 painful conditions, reported pain levels, duration of pain and impact of pain on military duty limitations...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533077/borderline-personality-disorder-does-its-clinical-features-show-specificity-to-differing-developmental-risk-factors
#14
Gordon Parker, Stacey McCraw, Adam Bayes
OBJECTIVES: To determine if differing developmental factors show specificity to differing manifestations of borderline personality disorder (BPD). METHODS: A clinical sample of 73 females diagnosed with BPD undertook a psychiatrist interview and completed self-report questionnaires, including the semi-structured Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (DIPD-IV) assessing for BPD status. A set of negative and potentially traumatic developmental factors were included in the assessment...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531392/interaction-between-psychotropic-medications-and-alcohol-perceptions-among-patients-attending-an-adult-mental-health-day-hospital-program
#15
Cynthia Cheng, Fatima Mithoowani, Thomas Ungar, Monica Lee
Background: Interaction between alcohol and certain medications can lead to adverse consequences. Individuals with mental health disorders are particularly vulnerable because of their psychotropic medications, which are typically taken over extended periods and which are known to have pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions with alcohol. It is unknown what education these patients receive from their health care providers and how such interactions are managed. Objectives: To determine whether individuals with mental health disorders are aware of alcohol-drug interactions and if so, how they use such information...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519629/one-year-follow-up-after-treatment-with-cch-for-dupuytren-s-disease-a-prospective-view
#16
R Sanjuán-Cerveró, P Vazquez-Ferreiro, D Gómez-Herrero, F J Carrera-Hueso, N Fikri-Banbrahim
Aim Clostridium histolyticum collagenase (CCH) is nowadays an alternative treatment for the contracture of Dupuytren. Our objective is to assess its effectiveness at one year in a series of consecutive patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective study with minimum follow-up of one year. Evaluation of results and adverse effects. RESULTS: A total of 75 joints treated in 51 patients were included. The average age was 65.18years (SD: 7.288) and 82.7% were males. The initial mean contraction of the MCP was 34...
March 5, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518077/changes-of-attachment-characteristics-during-psychotherapy-of-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-the-sopho-net-trial
#17
Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Altmann, Susanne Manes, Anne Tholl, Susan Koranyi, Tobias Nolte, Manfred E Beutel, Jörg Wiltink, Stephan Herpertz, Wolfgang Hiller, Jürgen Hoyer, Peter Joraschky, Björn Nolting, Viktoria Ritter, Ulrich Stangier, Ulrike Willutzki, Simone Salzer, Eric Leibing, Falk Leichsenring, Helmut Kirchmann
OBJECTIVES: Within a randomized controlled trial contrasting the outcome of manualized cognitive-behavioral (CBT) and short term psychodynamic therapy (PDT) compared to a waiting list condition (the SOPHO-Net trial), we set out to test whether self-reported attachment characteristics change during the treatments and if these changes differ between treatments. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 495 patients from the SOPHO-Net trial (54.5% female, mean age 35.2 years) who were randomized to either CBT, PDT or waiting list (WL) completed the partner-related revised Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire (ECR-R) before and after treatment and at 6 and 12 months follow-up...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505471/placebo-effects-across-self-report-clinician-rating-and-objective-performance-tasks-among-women-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-investigation-of-placebo-response-in-a-pharmacological-treatment-study-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Gabrielle E Hodgins, Jared G Blommel, Boadie W Dunlop, Dan Iosifescu, Sanjay J Mathew, Thomas C Neylan, Helen S Mayberg, Philip D Harvey
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: For a drug to acquire Food and Drug Administration approval, it must significantly outperform placebo treatment. In recent years, the placebo effect seems to be increasing in neuropsychiatric conditions. Here, we examine placebo effects across self-reported, clinically rated, and performance-based data from a trial using a corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor type 1 (CRHR1) antagonist for treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS/PROCEDURES: Women with chronic PTSD were randomized to treatment with either GSK561679, a CRHR1 antagonist, or placebo...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505459/bariatric-outcomes-self-management-for-sustained-surgical-success-a-multicomponent-treatment-for-dysregulated-overeating-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#19
Laura M Anderson, Thomas P Chacko
Binge eating disorder, food addiction, and dysregulated overeating are common among people with severe obesity and prevalent among bariatric surgery populations. These problematic eating habits share commonalities with other addictions. Effective, holistic self-management is needed to promote long-term weight loss and psychosocial adjustment among patients who are severely obese who undergo surgery, especially those with clinically remarkable levels of binge eating, food addiction, or dysregulated overeating...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505344/distress-and-worry-as-mediators-in-the-relationship-between-psychosocial-risks-and-upper-body-musculoskeletal-complaints-in-highly-automated-manufacturing
#20
Fiona Wixted, Mark Shevlin, Leonard W O'Sullivan
As a result of changes in manufacturing including an upward trend in automation and the advent of the fourth industrial revolution, the requirement for supervisory monitoring and consequently, cognitive demand has increased in automated manufacturing. The incidence of musculoskeletal disorders has also increased in the manufacturing sector. A model was developed based on survey data to test if distress and worry mediate the relationship between psychosocial factors (job control, cognitive demand, social isolation and skill discretion), stress states and symptoms of upper body musculoskeletal disorders in highly automated manufacturing companies (n = 235)...
March 15, 2018: Ergonomics
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