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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734180/bottom-up-assembly-of-salivary-gland-microtissues-for-assessing-myoepithelial-cell-function
#1
Tugba Ozdemir, Padma Pradeepa Srinivasan, Daniel R Zakheim, Daniel A Harrington, Robert L Witt, Mary C Farach-Carson, Xinqiao Jia, Swati Pradhan-Bhatt
Myoepithelial cells are flat, stellate cells present in exocrine tissues including the salivary glands. While myoepithelial cells have been studied extensively in mammary and lacrimal gland tissues, less is known of the function of myoepithelial cells derived from human salivary glands. Several groups have isolated tumorigenic myoepithelial cells from cancer specimens, however, only one report has demonstrated isolation of normal human salivary myoepithelial cells needed for use in salivary gland tissue engineering applications...
July 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732031/breast-tissue-ablation-with-irreversible-electroporation-in-rabbits-a-safety-and-feasibility-study
#2
Wenlong Zhang, Wanning Wang, Wei Chai, Xiaomei Luo, Jiannan Li, Jian Shi, Liqi Bi, Lizhi Niu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) was confirmed to control several solid tumors effectively in vivo. Our preclinical study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of IRE in the breast of rabbit. METHODS: Thirty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups of 10 rabbits (control group, IRE group A, and B). Two mono-electrode needles were inserted into the breast tissue by percutaneous puncture. Electrocardiogram and vital signs were monitored before, during, and after ablation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727781/escherichia-coli-mastitis-strains-in-vitro-phenotypes-and-severity-of-infection-in-vivo
#3
Perrine Roussel, Adeline Porcherie, Maryline Répérant-Ferter, Patricia Cunha, Christophe Gitton, Pascal Rainard, Pierre Germon
Mastitis remains a major infection of dairy cows and an important issue for dairy farmers and the dairy industry, in particular infections due to Escherichia coli strains. So far, properties specific to E. coli causing mastitis remain ill defined. In an attempt to better understand the properties required for E. coli to trigger mastitis, we used a range of in vitro assays to phenotypically characterize four E. coli strains, including the prototypical E. coli mastitis strain P4, possessing different relative abilities to cause mastitis in a mouse model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727095/bta-mir-130a-regulates-the-biosynthesis-of-bovine-milk-fat-by-targeting-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma
#4
W C Yang, W L Guo, L S Zan, Y N Wang, K Q Tang
Milk fat determines the quality of milk and is also a main targeted trait in dairy cow breeding. Recent studies have revealed important regulatory roles of microRNAs (miRNA) in milk fat synthesis in the mammary gland. However, the role of miRNA in bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMEC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that the overexpression of miR-130a significantly decreased cellular triacylglycerol (TAG) levels and suppressed lipid droplet formation, whereas the inhibition of miR-130a resulted in greater lipid droplet formation and TAG accumulation in BMEC...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727049/association-of-udder-traits-with-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-crossbred-bos-indicus-bos-taurus-cows
#5
M W Tolleson, C A Gill, A D Herring, P K Riggs, J E Sawyer, J O Sanders, D G Riley
The size, support, and health of udders limit the productive life of beef cows, especially those with background, because, in general, such cows have a reputation for problems with udders. Genomic association studies of bovine udder traits have been conducted in dairy cattle and recently in Continental European beef breeds but not in cows with background. The objective of this study was to determine associations of SNP and udder support scores, teat length, and teat diameter in half (Nellore), half (Angus) cows...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727031/mammary-nutrient-uptake-in-multiparous-sows-fed-supplementary-arginine-during-gestation-and-lactation
#6
U Krogh, N Oksbjerg, A C Storm, T Feyera, P K Theil
Arginine is the precursor for the synthesis of nitric oxide and may increase mammary plasma flow (MPF), which may in turn increase mammary nutrient uptake. Quantifying mammary nutrient uptake improves our understanding of mammary nutrient metabolism and may potentially allow identification of limiting nutrients for colostrum and milk production. Thus, the objectives of the present study were 1) to study the impact of 25 g/d of crystalline Arg (ARG) on MPF and uptake of nutrients by the mammary glands compared with an isonitrogenous supply of Ala (51 g/d; control [CON]) fed to a total of 8 sows from d 30 of gestation until weaning on d 28 of lactation and 2) to quantify mammary nutrient uptake in late gestation and in early and at peak lactation...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726916/a-novel-3-d-bio-microfluidic-system-mimicking-in-vivo-heterogeneous-tumour-microstructures-reveals-complex-tumour-stroma-interactions
#7
Qihui Fan, Ruchuan Liu, Yang Jiao, Chunxiu Tian, James D Farrell, Wenwen Diao, Xiaochen Wang, Fengrong Zhang, Wei Yuan, Haibo Han, Jinfeng Chen, Yue Yang, Xixiang Zhang, Fangfu Ye, Ming Li, Zhongcan Ouyang, Liyu Liu
A 3-D microfluidic system consisting of microchamber arrays embedded in a collagen hydrogel with tuneable biochemical gradients that mimics the tumour microenvironment of mammary glands was constructed for the investigation on the interactions between invasive breast cancer cells and stromal cells. The hollow microchambers in collagen provide a very similar 3-D environment to that in vivo that regulates collective cellular dynamics and behaviour, while the microfluidic channels surrounding the collagen microchamber arrays allow one to impose complex concentration gradients of specific biological molecules or drugs...
July 20, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725558/temperature-dependent-optoacoustic-response-and-transient-through-zero-gr%C3%A3-neisen-parameter-in-optically-contrasted-media
#8
Elena Petrova, Anton Liopo, Alexander A Oraevsky, Sergey A Ermilov
Non-invasive optoacoustic mapping of temperature in tissues with low blood content can be enabled by administering external contrast agents. Some important clinical applications of such approach include temperature mapping during thermal therapies in a prostate or a mammary gland. However, the technique would require a calibration that establishes functional relationship between the measured normalized optoacoustic response and local tissue temperature. In this work, we investigate how a key calibration parameter - the temperature of zero optoacoustic response (T0 ) - behaves in different environments simulating biological tissues augmented with either dissolved or particulate (nanoparticles) contrast agents...
September 2017: Photoacoustics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723234/flexible-small-molecular-anti-estrogens-with-n-n-dialkylated-2-5-diethoxy-4-morpholinoaniline-scaffold-targets-multiple-estrogen-receptor-conformations
#9
Bethany K Asare, Emmanuel Yawson, Rajendram V Rajnarayanan
Estrogen mediates various cellular processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, growth and mammary gland function. Estrogen Receptors (ERs) are expressed in 70% of breast cancers. Consequently, estrogen mediated ER signaling plays a critical role in breast cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. Estrogen Receptors are ligand-triggered transcription factors. However, in the absence of a cognate estrogenic ligand, ERs can be activated by a variety of other extracellular signals. Tamoxifen, an anti-estrogen that selectively targets ER, induces substantial regression of breast tumors and an increase in disease-free survival...
July 19, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718798/co-expression-network-and-pathway-analyses-reveal-important-modules-of-mirnas-regulating-milk-yield-and-component-traits
#10
Duy N Do, Pier-Luc Dudemaine, Ran Li, Eveline M Ibeagha-Awemu
Co-expression network analyses provide insights into the molecular interactions underlying complex traits and diseases. In this study, co-expression network analysis was performed to detect expression patterns (modules or clusters) of microRNAs (miRNAs) during lactation, and to identify miRNA regulatory mechanisms for milk yield and component traits (fat, protein, somatic cell count (SCC), lactose, and milk urea nitrogen (MUN)) via miRNA target gene enrichment analysis. miRNA expression (713 miRNAs), and milk yield and components (Fat%, Protein%, lactose, SCC, MUN) data of nine cows at each of six different time points (day 30 (D30), D70, D130, D170, D230 and D290) of an entire lactation curve were used...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712865/stearic-acid-suppresses-mammary-gland-development-by-inhibiting-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-through-gpr120-in-pubertal-mice
#11
Yingying Meng, Cong Yuan, Jing Zhang, Fenglin Zhang, Qin Fu, Xiaotong Zhu, Gang Shu, Lina Wang, Ping Gao, Qianyun Xi, Jiajie Sun, Yongliang Zhang, Qingyan Jiang, Songbo Wang
It has been demonstrated that dietary high fat diet negatively affects the pubertal mammary gland development. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of stearic acid (SA), an 18-carbon chain saturated fatty acid, on mammary gland development in pubertal mice and to explore the underlying mechanism. Our results demonstrated that dietary supplementation of 2% SA suppressed mammary duct development, with significant reduction of terminal end bud (TEB) number and ductal branch. In accord, the expression of proliferative marker Cyclin D1 was markedly decreased by dietary SA...
July 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711267/a-comparative-study-of-the-in-vitro-activity-of-iodopropynyl-butylcarbamate-and-amphotericin-b-against-prototheca-spp-isolates-from-european-dairy-herds
#12
T Jagielski, Z Bakuła, S Di Mauro, C Casciari, V Cambiotti, H Krukowski, B Turchetti, M Ricchi, E Manuali, P Buzzini
The objective of this study was to assess the in vitro effect of iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (IPBC) and amphotericin B (AMB) on Prototheca zopfii genotype 2 and Prototheca blaschkeae isolates recovered from dairy herds of Belgium, France, Italy, Germany, and Poland. The combination of IPBC with AMB on Prototheca isolates and toxicity of IPBC to the bovine mammary epithelial cells were also evaluated. The in vitro activity of IPBC and AMB against 96 isolates of P. zopfii genotype 2 and 42 isolates of P. blaschkeae was performed...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711246/temporal-and-spatial-heterogeneity-in-milk-and-immune-related-gene-expression-during-mammary-gland-involution-in-dairy-cows
#13
K Singh, C V C Phyn, M Reinsch, J M Dobson, K Oden, S R Davis, K Stelwagen, H V Henderson, A J Molenaar
The aim of this study was to investigate heterogeneity in tissue morphology, milk protein and immune-related gene expression, and apoptosis of epithelial cells in the lactating and involuting mammary glands of the dairy cow. Mammary tissue from different regions of the gland (alveolar, cisternal, and peripheral) was collected postmortem from nonpregnant, pasture-fed, Holstein-Friesian primiparous cows in mid-lactation that were killed at different time points postmilking: 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 72 h (n = 6 per time point)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710500/men1-menin-regulates-milk-protein-synthesis-through-mtor-signaling-in-mammary-epithelial-cells
#14
Honghui Li, Xue Liu, Zhonghua Wang, Xueyan Lin, Zhengui Yan, Qiaoqiao Cao, Meng Zhao, Kerong Shi
The MEN1 gene, which encodes the protein Menin, was investigated for its regulatory role in milk protein synthesis in mammary glands. Menin responds to nutrient and hormone levels via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. Bovine mammary epithelial cells and tissues were used as experimental models in this study. The results revealed that the milk protein synthesis capacity of mammary epithelial cells could be regulated by MEN1/Menin. The overexpression of Menin caused significant suppression of factors involved in the mTOR pathway, as well as milk protein κ-casein (CSNK)...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707256/monitoring-in-vivo-the-mammary-gland-microstructure-during-morphogenesis-from-lactation-to-post-weaning-using-diffusion-tensor-mri
#15
Noam Nissan, Edna Furman-Haran, Myra Shapiro-Feinberg, Dov Grobgeld, Hadassa Degani
Lactation and the return to the pre-conception state during post-weaning are regulated by hormonal induced processes that modify the microstructure of the mammary gland, leading to changes in the features of the ductal / glandular tissue, the stroma and the fat tissue. These changes create a challenge in the radiological workup of breast disorder during lactation and early post-weaning. Here we present non-invasive MRI protocols designed to record in vivo high spatial resolution, T2-weighted images and diffusion tensor images of the entire mammary gland...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706887/associations-between-gene-expression-profiles-of-invasive-breast-cancer-and-breast-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-mri-lexicon
#16
Ga Ram Kim, You Jin Ku, Soon Gu Cho, Sei Joong Kim, Byung Soh Min
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) MRI lexicon could reflect the genomic information of breast cancers and to suggest intuitive imaging features as biomarkers. METHODS: Matched breast MRI data from The Cancer Imaging Archive and gene expression profile from The Cancer Genome Atlas of 70 invasive breast cancers were analyzed. Magnetic resonance images were reviewed according to the BI-RADS MRI lexicon of mass morphology...
July 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701174/normal-milk-microbiome-is-reestablished-following-experimental-infection-with-escherichia-coli-independent-of-intramammary-antibiotic-treatment-with-a-third-generation-cephalosporin-in-bovines
#17
Erika K Ganda, Natalia Gaeta, Anja Sipka, Brianna Pomeroy, Georgios Oikonomou, Ynte H Schukken, Rodrigo C Bicalho
BACKGROUND: The use of antimicrobials in food animals and the emergence of antimicrobial resistance are global concerns. Ceftiofur is the only third-generation cephalosporin labeled for veterinary use in the USA, and it is the drug of choice in the majority of dairy farms for the treatment of mastitis. Here, we use next-generation sequencing to describe longitudinal changes that occur in the milk microbiome before, during, and after infection and treatment with ceftiofur. Twelve animals were intramammary challenged with Escherichia coli in one quarter and randomly allocated to receive intramammary treatment with ceftiofur (5d) or untreated controls...
July 12, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698625/ectodysplasin-target-gene-fgf20-regulates-mammary-bud-growth-and-ductal-invasion-and-branching-during-puberty
#18
Teresa Elo, Päivi H Lindfors, Qiang Lan, Maria Voutilainen, Ewelina Trela, Claes Ohlsson, Sung-Ho Huh, David M Ornitz, Matti Poutanen, Beatrice A Howard, Marja L Mikkola
Mammary gland development begins with the appearance of epithelial placodes that invaginate, sprout, and branch to form small arborized trees by birth. The second phase of ductal growth and branching is driven by the highly invasive structures called terminal end buds (TEBs) that form at ductal tips at the onset of puberty. Ectodysplasin (Eda), a tumor necrosis factor-like ligand, is essential for the development of skin appendages including the breast. In mice, Eda regulates mammary placode formation and branching morphogenesis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690063/influence-of-food-deprivation-on-intravenous-glucose-tolerance-test-traits-in-holstein-friesian-heifers
#19
L Antonio González-Grajales, Laura Pieper, Joachim Kremer, Rudolf Staufenbiel
Glucose is essential for numerous cellular functions due to its involvement in energy supply from early development to adulthood. In the lactating cow, glucose demands by the mammary gland significantly increase to support milk production when compared with other tissues. Thus, insufficient blood glucose levels might predispose dairy cows to metabolic disturbances. The intravenous glucose tolerance test (ivGTT) is a suitable tool to characterize glucose metabolism and insulin responses, but results must be reliable and repeatable...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690061/bovine-mir-146a-regulates-inflammatory-cytokines-of-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells-via-targeting-the-traf6-gene
#20
Xing-Ping Wang, Zhuo-Ma Luoreng, Lin-Sen Zan, Feng Li, Na Li
It has been reported previously that bovine miR-146a (bta-miR-146a) is significantly differentially expressed in mammary glands infected with mastitis, compared with healthy udders. This suggests that bta-miR-146a plays an important role in the regulation of mammary inflammation. However, the specifics of this function have yet to be elucidated. Bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMEC) represent the first line of defense against pathogens and have important roles in initiating and regulating inflammatory responses and innate immunity during infection...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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