keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mammary gland

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634745/prolactin-function-and-putative-expression-in-the-brain
#1
REVIEW
Erika Alejandra Cabrera-Reyes, Ofelia Limón-Morales, Nadia Alejandra Rivero-Segura, Ignacio Camacho-Arroyo, Marco Cerbón
INTRODUCTION: Prolactin is a peptide hormone mainly synthetized and secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, but also by extrapituitary tissues, such as mammary gland, decidua, prostate, skin, and possibly the brain. Similarly, prolactin receptor is expressed in the pituitary gland, many peripheral tissues, and in contrast to prolactin, its receptor has been consistently detected in several brain regions, such as cerebral cortex, olfactory bulb, hypothalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, among others...
June 20, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631716/-anogenital-mammary-like-glands-and-related-diseases-part-2-malignant-tumors-of-the-anogenital-glands
#2
A M Konstantinova, I E Belousova, D Kacerovska, M Michal, K V Shelekhova, D V Kazakov
Mammary-like glands are a normal anatomical component of the anogenital region and can give rise to many benign and malignant tumors that morphologically mimic the similar diseases of the breast. The literature review is complemented by a description of 199 cases of malignant tumors of mammary-like glands. The paper presents the clinical and morphological characteristics of various malignant tumors of mammary-like glands, including extramammary Paget's disease, ductal, tubulolobular, adenoid cystic adenocarcinoma, low-grade phyllodes tumor, etc...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631164/studies-on-vertical-transmission-of-trichinella-spiralis-in-experimentally-infected-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#3
Eliana Riva, Cesar Fiel, Gisele Bernat, Sebastián Muchiut, Pedro Steffan
An experimental study to enhance knowledge on the capability of Trichenella spiralis to pass from guinea pigs to progeny at different periods of pregnancy or lactation was performed. For this purpose, 18 female adult guinea pigs were inoculated with 100 or 1000 T. spiralis muscle larvae (ML) during early, late gestation and during lactation period. The presence of T. spiralis (ML) in mothers and newborns was studied through enzymatic digestion from muscle samples. ML were observed in 9 of 42 newborn guinea pigs and levels of infection were significantly higher when infections of mothers were done during late gestation (p = 0...
June 19, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630214/patient-derived-interstitial-fluids-and-predisposition-to-aggressive-sporadic-breast-cancer-through-collagen-remodeling-and-inactivation-of-p53
#4
Timothy Kenny, Hank Schmidt, Kerin Adelson, Yujin Hoshida, Anna P Koh, Nagma Shah, John P Mandeli, Jess Ting, Doris Germain
Despite the fact that interstitial fluid (IF) represents a third of our body fluid, it is the most poorly understood body fluid in medicine. Increased IF pressure is thought to result from the increased deposition of extracellular matrix in the affected tissue preventing its reabsorption. In the cancer field, increased rigidity surrounding a cancerous mass remains the main reason that palpation and radiological examination, such as mammography, are used for cancer detection. While the pressure produced by IF has been considered, the biochemical composition of IF has not been considered in its effect on tumors...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629368/identification-and-characterization-of-long-intergenic-noncoding-rnas-in-bovine-mammary-glands
#5
Chao Tong, Qiaoling Chen, Lili Zhao, Junfei Ma, Eveline M Ibeagha-Awemu, Xin Zhao
BACKGROUND: Mammary glands of dairy cattle produce milk for the newborn offspring and for human consumption. Long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) play various functions in eukaryotic cells. However, types and roles of lincRNAs in bovine mammary glands are still poorly understood. RESULTS: Using computational methods, 886 unknown intergenic transcripts (UITs) were identified from five RNA-seq datasets from bovine mammary glands. Their non-coding potentials were predicted by using the combination of four software programs (CPAT, CNCI, CPC and hmmscan), with 184 lincRNAs identified...
June 19, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627493/parasitic-infections-in-the-east-asian-finless-porpoise-neophocaena-asiaeorientalis-sunameri-living-off-the-chinese-yellow-bohai-sea-coast
#6
X L Wan, J S Zheng, W X Li, X Y Zeng, J W Yang, Y J Hao, D Wang
Parasitic disease is among the major causes of health problems in marine mammals. However, little information on parasitic species composition and infection levels in finless porpoises (Neophocaena spp.) is available. In this study, we report the first systematic survey on parasitic infections in the East Asian finless porpoise N. asiaeorientalis sunameri (EAFP) living off the Chinese Yellow/Bohai Sea coast. Using both morphological and molecular methods, 5 parasitic helminths were identified: Campula oblonga in the liver and pancreas; Synthesium seymouri in the pyloric stomach and duodenum ampulla; Anisakis pegreffii in the forestomach, main stomach, and esophagus; Halocercus sp...
June 19, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625182/bovine-intra-mammary-challenge-with-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-spp-dysgalactiae-to-explore-the-effect-on-the-response-of-complement-activity
#7
Susan Maye, James Flynn, Catherine Stanton, Gerald F Fitzgerald, Philip M Kelly
Recently published work as described by the authors highlighted the extent of Complement activity in bovine milk. Localised mastitis infection occurring in the mammary glands of dairy cows is readily detectable by the levels of somatic cells in milk. Thus, it is opportune to monitor Complement activity in milks in association with the animal's innate immune response to mammary infection. Preliminary screening of milk samples taken randomly showed that milk with a high somatic cell count (SCC) reduced growth of the Complement-sensitive strain E...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624801/bromodomain-inhibition-shows-antitumoral-activity-in-mice-and-human-luminal-breast-cancer
#8
Montserrat Pérez-Salvia, Laia Simó-Riudalbas, Pere Llinàs-Arias, Laura Roa, Fernando Setien, Marta Soler, Manuel Castro de Moura, James E Bradner, Eva Gonzalez-Suarez, Catia Moutinho, Manel Esteller
BET bromodomain inhibitors, which have an antitumoral effect against various solid cancer tumor types, have not been studied in detail in luminal breast cancer, despite the prevalence of this subtype of mammary malignancy. Here we demonstrate that the BET bromodomain inhibitor JQ1 exerts growth-inhibitory activity in human luminal breast cancer cell lines associated with a depletion of the C-MYC oncogene, but does not alter the expression levels of the BRD4 bromodomain protein. Interestingly, expression microarray analyses indicate that, upon JQ1 administration, the antitumoral phenotype also involves downregulation of relevant breast cancer oncogenes such as the Breast Carcinoma-Amplified Sequence 1 (BCAS1) and the PDZ Domain-Containing 1 (PDZK1)...
May 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624497/new-paradigms-for-the-hedgehog-signaling-network-in-mammary-gland-development-and-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Teresa Monkkonen, Michael T Lewis
The Hedgehog signaling network regulates organogenesis, cell fate, proliferation, survival, and stem cell self-renewal in many mammalian tissues. Aberrant activation of the Hedgehog signaling network is present in ~25% of all cancers, including breast. Altered expression of Hedgehog network genes in the mammary gland can elicit phenotypes at many stages of development. However, synthesizing a cohesive mechanistic model of signaling at different stages of development has been difficult. Emerging data suggest that this difficulty is due, in part, to non-canonical and tissue compartment-specific (i...
June 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624455/cellular-localization-of-atbf1-protein-and-its-functional-implication-in-breast-epithelial-cells
#10
Mei Li, Chi Zhang, Yi Zhong, Jiyuan Zhao
ATBF1, a large transcription factor, was normally localized in nuclei, and its mislocalization to cytoplasm was reported in multiple cancers. However, localization of ATBF1 in breast epithelial cells and its potential functions were unknown. Here, we investigated ATBF1 localization via immunofluorescence staining in different kinds of breast epithelial cells. In MCF10A cells and normal mice mammary gland tissues, ATBF1 was mainly localized in nuclei. Knockdown of ATBF1 expression in MCF10A cells by siRNA promoted cell proliferation...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624287/variants-in-the-3-untranslated-region-of-the-ovine-acetyl-coenzyme-a-acyltransferase-2-gene-are-associated-with-dairy-traits-and-exhibit-differential-allelic-expression
#11
D Miltiadou, A L Hager-Theodorides, S Symeou, C Constantinou, A Psifidi, G Banos, O Tzamaloukas
The acetyl-CoA acyltransferase 2 (ACAA2) gene encodes an enzyme of the thiolase family that is involved in mitochondrial fatty acid elongation and degradation by catalyzing the last step of the respective β-oxidation pathway. The increased energy needs for gluconeogenesis and triglyceride synthesis during lactation are met primarily by increased fatty acid oxidation. Therefore, the ACAA2 enzyme plays an important role in the supply of energy and carbon substrates for lactation and may thus affect milk production traits...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624010/lupus-mastitis-as-a-first-manifestation-of-systemic-disease-about-two-cases-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Béatrice Voizard, Lucie Lalonde, Lilia Maria Sanchez, Johanne Richard-Chesnay, Julie David, Maude Labelle, Mona El Khoury, Isabelle Trop
Lupus mastitis is an uncommon manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) that affects the subcutaneous fat in the breast, much like lupus panniculitis, but additionally involves the mammary gland. We report on two women for whom lupus mastitis was the initial manifestation of SLE and provide a literature review of 34 additional cases reported in the Anglo-Saxon and French literature since 1971, making this the largest review to date. Lupus mastitis (LM) can manifest clinically as subcutaneous masses that may be painful, or may present cutaneous involvement such as thickening and discolouration...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622866/pathology-and-genetic-findings-in-a-rare-case-of-mycobacterium-caprae-infection-in-a-sow
#13
Benedetta Amato, Teresa Maria Capucchio, Elena Biasibetti, Elena Mangano, Beatrice Maria Boniotti, Lodovica Maria Pacciarini, Sergio Migliore, Maria Vitale, Michele Fiasconaro, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti
Bovine tuberculosis, a reemerging zoonosis in diverse ecological scenarios, has been reported in the autochthonous Nebrodi black pig breed population used for meat production in Italy. During a routine abattoir inspection in 2013, 24 of 299 carcasses (8%) of Nebrodi black pigs presented tuberculosis-like lesions at pathologic examination. Mycobacterium bovis was isolated from 23 animals and M. caprae from a 3-year-old sow. The sow showed severe diffuse lesions involving the visceral organs, right coxofemoral joint, and mammary glands...
June 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620417/molecular-targets-and-associated-potential-pathways-of-danlu-capsules-in-hyperplasia-of-mammary-glands-based-on-systems-pharmacology
#14
Jihan Huang, Haitao Tang, Sumin Cao, Yingchun He, Yibin Feng, Kun Wang, Qingshan Zheng
Hyperplasia of mammary glands (HMG) is common in middle-aged women. Danlu capsules (DLCs) can effectively relieve pain and improve clinical symptoms and are safe for treating HMG. However, the active substances in DLCs and the molecular mechanisms of DLCs in HMG remain unclear. This study identified the bioactive compounds and delineated the molecular targets and potential pathways of DLCs by using a systems pharmacology approach. The candidate compounds were retrieved from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology (TCMSP) database and analysis platform...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618070/morin-suppresses-astrocyte-activation-and-regulates-cytokine-release-in-bone-cancer-pain-rat-models
#15
Wei Jiang, Ying Wang, Wei Sun, Mengyuan Zhang
As inflammatory and immune responses are involved in pathophysiology of debilitating neuropathic pain, reagents that can modulate these two responses may have therapeutic potential. Morin, derived from the moraceae family of plants, benefits inflammation-related diseases, but its antinociceptive effects on cancer pain remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated antinociceptive effects of morin on bone cancer pain using a rat model, where rats were subject to implantation of Walker 256 mammary gland carcinoma cells into the tibia...
June 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615128/17%C3%AE-estradiol-and-progesterone-decrease-mdp-induced-nod2-expression-in-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#16
Dan-Dan Xu, Gang Wang, Xian-Jing He, Jian-Fa Wang, Bin Yang, Zhi-Peng Sun, Dong-Bo Sun, Qian-Yu He, Xu Zhang, Rui Wu
During the periparturient period, many neuroendocrine changes develop in cows. Periparturient hormone fluxes may adversely affect mammary gland immunity and mastitis susceptibility. 17β-Estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) have been reported to function on immune regulation, and their concentration fluctuates dramatically during the perinatal period. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) mediate numerous aspects of innate immunity in humans and experimental animals. This study aimed to explore the effects of E2 and P4 on NOD2 expression in bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs)...
June 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614769/cell-specific-cytotoxic-effect-of-pyrazole-derivatives-on-breast-cancer-cell-lines-mcf7-and-mda-mb-231
#17
T P Lehmann, J Kujawski, J Kruk, K Czaja, M K Bernard, P P Jagodzinski
Pyrazoles and their derivatives belong to a class of compounds that demonstrate a great potential in design of anticancer, antiangiogenic, and antimetastatic drugs. Our earlier studies showed that pyrazole derivatives TOSPYRQUIN and TOSIND diminished viability of colorectal adenocarcinoma cells HT-29. Here we demonstrated for the first time in human mammary gland adenocarcinoma cell lines MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cells the cytotoxic effects of four pyrazole derivatives: TOSIND, PYRIND, METPYRIND, and DIPYR. Three pyrazoles: PYRIND, METPYRIND, and one novel unpublished derivative DIPYR were tested for the first time in living cells...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614209/newly-described-entities-in-salivary-gland-pathology
#18
Alena Skálová, Douglas R Gnepp, James S Lewis, Jennifer L Hunt, Justin A Bishop, Henrik Hellquist, Alessandra Rinaldo, Vincent Vander Poorten, Alfio Ferlito
Salivary glands may give rise to a wide spectrum of different tumors. This review concentrates on 4 salivary gland tumors that have been accepted in the recent literature as new neoplastic entities: mammary analog secretory carcinoma, cribriform adenocarcinoma of minor salivary glands (CASG), sclerosing polycystic adenosis/adenoma (SPA), and the mucinous/secretory variant of myoepithelioma. Mammary analog secretory carcinoma is a distinctive low-grade malignant salivary cancer that harbors a characteristic chromosomal translocation, t(12;15) (p13;q25), resulting in an ETV6-NTRK3 fusion...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614205/spectrum-of-changes-in-anogenital-mammary-like-glands-in-primary-extramammary-anogenital-paget-disease-and-their-possible-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-the-disease
#19
Anastasia M Konstantinova, Dominic V Spagnolo, Colin J R Stewart, Denisa Kacerovska, Ksenya V Shelekhova, Jose A Plaza, Saul Suster, Jiri Bouda, Liubov Kyrpychova, Michal Michal, Irena E Belousova, Katrin Kerl, Dmitry V Kazakov
To determine whether a subset of primary extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) may originate in anogenital mammary-like glands (AGMLG), the authors studied 181 specimens of EMPD, detailing alterations in AGMLG. The latter were identified in 33 specimens from 31 patients. All patients were women, ranging in age from 38 to 93 years (median, 65 y). In all cases, lesions involved the vulva and in 1 patient the perianal skin was affected. Histopathologically, AGMLG manifested changes identical to columnar cell change (CCC) (87...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611405/local-immunization-impacts-the-response-of-dairy-cows-to-escherichia-coli-mastitis
#20
Vincent Herry, Christophe Gitton, Guillaume Tabouret, Maryline Répérant, Laurine Forge, Christian Tasca, Florence B Gilbert, Edouard Guitton, Céline Barc, Christophe Staub, David G E Smith, Pierre Germon, Gilles Foucras, Pascal Rainard
Current vaccines to Escherichia coli mastitis have shown some albeit limited efficacy. Their mode of action has not been documented, and immune responses protecting the mammary gland against E. coli are not completely understood. To improve our knowledge of mammary gland immune protection, cows immunized either intramuscularly or intramammarily with the E. coli P4 were submitted to a homologous mastitis challenge. A third group of mock-immunized cows serve as challenge controls. Local immunization modified favorably the course of infection, by improving bacterial clearance while limiting inflammation...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
94241
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"