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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644512/association-of-flossing-interdental-cleaning-and-periodontitis-in-adults
#1
M Soledad Cepeda, Rachel Weinstein, Clair Blacketer, Michael Lynch
AIM: Assess the association of flossing with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) years 2011-2014. We used three categories of flossing: 0-1, 2-4, and ≥5 days in the past week and the CDC definition of periodontitis. We calculated odds ratios controlling for age, gender, smoking, drinking, income, and dentist visits. RESULTS: A total of 6939 adult subjects were included, 35% flossed ≤1 time a week and 40% had periodontitis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643824/-perioral-treatment-options-in-cosmetic-facial-surgery
#2
F Bierenbroodspot, H J Schouten, R H Schepers, J Jansma
The perioral region is unique and important in the face, both from a functional and an aesthetic point of view. There is a strong relationship between the perioral soft tissues, such as the lips and the corners of the mouth, and the underlying dentition and the jaws. Perioral ageing phenomena, such as depressed corners of the mouth, volume loss and wrinkles, can be improved, however, to a limited extent with intraoral treatment. These ageing phenomena can usually be treated more effectively with several extraoral treatment modalities that also enhance perioral aesthetics...
June 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643822/-preventive-dentistry-6-prevention-of-caries-in-frail-older-people
#3
C D van der Maarel-Wierink, C de Baat
Many older people have a bad oral health, with (root) caries a prevalent cause. Alarming results of research projects raise the question whether sufficient preventive measures are being taken to prevent the development and progress of (root) caries in frail older people. A review of the recent literature revealed that in frail older people and physically or cognitively impaired adults, daily use of a 5,000 ppm fluoride toothpaste and quarterly application of chlorhexidine or sodium fluoride can decrease by half the risk of root caries...
June 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643435/interventions-for-enhancing-the-distribution-of-dental-professionals-a-concise-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Neeltje van den Berg, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: A spatially unequal distribution of dentists or dental care professionals (D/DCPs), such as therapists or hygienists, could reduce the quality of health services and increase health inequities. This review describes the interventions available to enhance this spatial distribution and systematically assesses their effectiveness. METHODS: Electronic databases (Cochrane CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, CINAHL) were searched and cross-referencing was performed using a standardised searching algorithm...
June 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643363/oral-cancer-screening-practices-of-canadian-dental-hygienists
#5
A K Clarke, N Kobagi, M N Yoon
PURPOSE: This study investigates whether dental hygienists are routinely conducting oral cancer screenings (OCSs) as per their professional capability and responsibility. Factors that may mediate provision of OCSs, and ability to discuss sensitive topics with patients, are also examined. METHODS: A pretested online questionnaire was sent via national and provincial regulatory bodies to target practicing registered dental hygienists across Canada. Analysis was conducted using statistical software...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642792/infection-control-measures-in-private-dental-clinics-in-lebanon
#6
Jihad Dagher, Charles Sfeir, Ahmad Abdallah, Zeina Majzoub
PURPOSE: Evaluate infection control knowledge, attitude, and practice in Lebanese private dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey including 46 questions related to routine safety procedures was sent to 1150 Lebanese dentists between July 1st and 2nd, 2015. The study sample was selected from the database of registered dentists based on a proportional random sampling ensuring equitable representation of the 5 geographic regions of Lebanon. A subset of 29 questions was used to generate an overall score of compliance (excellent, good, fair, and poor)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#7
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642528/uk-dentists-urged-to-see-children-by-age-one
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642525/adi-young-dentist-day
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642517/green-dentistry-the-art-and-science-of-sustainable-practice
#10
P Mulimani
Dentistry is highly energy and resource intensive with significant environmental impact. Factors inherent in the profession such as enormous electricity demands of electronic dental equipment, voluminous water requirements, environmental effects of biomaterials (before, during and after clinical use), the use of radiation and the generation of hazardous waste involving mercury, lead etc have contributed towards this. With rising temperatures across the world due to global warming, efforts are being made worldwide to mitigate the effects of environmental damage by resorting to sustainability concepts and green solutions in a myriad of ways...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642516/oral-health-management-of-patients-at-risk-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#11
(no author information available yet)
The dentist should not be alarmist about the risk for the patient of developing medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ).
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642511/the-mental-capacity-act-2005-considerations-for-obtaining-consent-for-dental-treatment
#12
O Modgill, C Bryant, S Moosajee
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 provides a legal framework within which specific decisions must be made when an individual lacks the mental capacity to make such decisions for themselves. With an increasingly aged, medically complex and in some cases socially isolated population presenting for dental care, dentists need to have a sound understanding of the appropriate management of patients who lack capacity to consent to treatment when they present in the dental setting. Patients with acute symptoms requiring urgent care and un-befriended patients present additional complexities...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642508/withholding-treatment-what-whom-and-why
#13
(no author information available yet)
Should a dentist triage the care of a patient who has sustained dental trauma, before treating a patient in pain because of dental neglect?
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639846/antibiotic-prophylaxis-is-not-indicated-prior-to-dental-procedures-for-prevention-of-periprosthetic-joint-infections
#14
Willem M H Rademacher, Geert H I M Walenkamp, Dirk Jan F Moojen, Johannes G E Hendriks, Theo A Goedendorp, Frederik R Rozema
Background and purpose - To minimize the risk of hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection (HPJI), international and Dutch guidelines recommended antibiotic prophylaxis prior to dental procedures. Unclear definitions and contradictory recommendations in these guidelines have led to unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions. To formulate new guidelines, a joint committee of the Dutch Orthopaedic and Dental Societies conducted a systematic literature review to answer the following question: can antibiotic prophylaxis be recommended for patients (with joint prostheses) undergoing dental procedures in order to prevent dental HPJI? Methods - The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), reviews, and observational studies up to July 2015...
June 22, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639259/the-cost-effectiveness-of-three-interventions-for-providing-preventive-services-to-low-income-children
#15
Ben Johnson, Nicoleta Serban, Paul M Griffin, Scott L Tomar
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of loan repayment programmes, revising Medicaid fee-for-service rates, and changing dental hygienist supervision requirements on access to preventive dental care for children in Georgia. METHODS: We estimated cost savings from the three interventions of preventive care for young children after netting out the intervention cost. We used a regression model to evaluate the impact of changing the Medicaid reimbursement rates. The impact of supervision was evaluated by comparing general and direct supervision in school-based dental sealant programmes...
June 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638826/anxiolytics-sedatives-and-hypnotics-prescribed-by-dentists-in-brazil-in-2010
#16
Patrícia Azevedo Lino, Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins, Maria Elisa de Souza E Silva, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
OBJECTIVE: To describe dental prescriptions for anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics for Brazilian outpatients in 2010. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data on the use of anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics from the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency, Brazil, 2010. For each prescription, prescribed drugs and the prescribed amount were identified. Prescribed medications were classified according to Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical code. We calculated the number of Defined Daily Doses (DDD) for anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics by code, their mean DDD, and DDD per inhabitant per year...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638557/continuous-apical-negative-pressure-ultrasonic-irrigation-canui-a-new-concept-for-activating-irrigants
#17
Pablo Castelo-Baz, Purificación Varela-Patiño, Manuel Ruíz-Piñón, Francesc Abella, Ramón Miguéns-Vila, Benjamín Martín-Biedma
BACKGROUND: Irrigation of the root canal system is an essential step in the endodontic treatment. The aim of this article is to introduce continuous apical negative-pressure ultrasonic irrigation (CANUI), a new irrigation concept, and compare the characteristics of this new technique with current devices for activating the irrigant. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CANUI is designed for cleaning and disinfecting the root canal system. The device consists of a tube inside another tube that allows the continuous ultrasonic exchange of fresh irrigant, as the irrigant is simultaneously aspirated apically...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638411/regular-dental-visits-influence-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-1-607-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Simon Spalthoff, Henrik Holtmann, Gertrud Krüskemper, Rüdiger Zimmerer, Jörg Handschel, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Philipp Jehn
BACKGROUND: The incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is in the top 10 of all cancer entities. Regular oral examinations by dentists play an important role in oral cancer prevention. METHODS: Patients with OSCC (n = 1,607) and physicians (n = 1,489) completed questionnaires during the DÖSAK Rehab Study. The psychosocial and functional factors collected in these questionnaires were assessed in the present study. We compared patients who visited their dentist at least once a year (group A) with those who visited their dentist less than once a year (group B)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631047/periodontal-disease-in-chinese-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Qiuxiang Zhang, Xiaoli Zhang, Guijaun Feng, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Lijuan Zhang, Xingmei Feng, Liren Li, Zhifeng Gu
Disease of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and periodontal disease (PD) shares the common multiple characteristics. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in Chinese SLE patients and to determine the association between SLE features and periodontal parameters. A cross-sectional study of 108 SLE patients together with 108 age- and sex-matched healthy controls was made. Periodontal status was conducted by two dentists independently. Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, medication use, and clinical parameters were also assessed...
June 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
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