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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924285/-connection-between-genetic-polymorphism-of-interleukin-1beta-with-chronic-periodontitis-in-peruvian-adults
#1
Ivonne F Reyes-Mandujano, José E Olivera-García, Manuel Taboada-Vega, Patricia Galvan-Sanchez, Amilcar Azcarza-Acuña, Aldo M Yactayo-Flores, Luis A Zuñiga-Ccoicca, Evelyn V Leiva-Pachas, Efraín Paccori-García
OBJECTIVES: . To determine the connection between polymorphism IL-1B C(+3953/4)T and chronic periodontitis in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: . Case and control study. Individuals between 18 and 64 years of age were included; they were recruited through healthcare campaigns carried out in 2012 in different areas of the city of Lima with similar socio-economic characteristics. Dentists specialized in periodontics performed the diagnosis of the periodontal state of participants; genotyping was made through the PCR-RFLP technique...
January 2018: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921252/preferences-of-dentists-and-endodontists-in-saudi-arabia-on-management-of-necrotic-pulp-with-acute-apical-abscess
#2
Ahmad A Madarati
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at investigating dental clinicians' preferences on management of necrotic pulp with acute apical abscess (NPAAA) cases. METHODS: Following an ethical approval and two pilot studies, an electronic survey was emailed to 400 general dental practitioners (GDPs) and 56 endodontists. The email explained the study's methods and assured that participants' identities and information given would remain anonymous and confidential. A reminder email was sent after eight weeks...
June 19, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916726/digital-dental-radiology-in-belgium-a-nationwide-survey
#3
Robin Snel, Ellen Van De Maele, Constantinus Politis, Reinhilde Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyse the use of digital dental radiology in Belgium, by focussing on the use of extraoral and intraoral radiographic techniques, digitalisation and image communication. METHODS: A nationwide survey has been performed amongst Belgian general dentists and dental specialists. Questionnaires were distributed digitally via mailings lists and manually on multiple refresher courses and congresses throughout the country. The overall response rate was 30%...
June 19, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915755/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-behaviors-of-medical-specialists-for-the-relationship-between-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease-a-questionnaire-survey
#4
Vishnu Teja Obulareddy, Sreenivas Nagarakanti, Vijay Kumar Chava
Introduction: Increased risk of periodontal disease has been associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) and also periodontitis is considered as the sixth complication of DM. Medical physicians may have an advantageous position compared to the dentists to provide early patient counseling about oral health because patients attend medical offices more often than to dental offices and are more likely to be affiliated to medical than to dental insurance. Hence, the medical practitioners should have sufficient knowledge in this regard...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913523/dental-imaging-a-basic-guide-for-the-radiologist
#5
Max Masthoff, Mirjam Gerwing, Malte Masthoff, Maximilian Timme, Johannes Kleinheinz, Markus Berninger, Walter Heindel, Moritz Wildgruber, Christoph Schülke
BACKGROUND:  As dental imaging accounts for approximately 40 % of all X-ray examinations in Germany, profound knowledge of this topic is essential not only for the dentist but also for the clinical radiologist. This review focuses on basic imaging findings regarding the teeth. Therefore, tooth structure, currently available imaging techniques and common findings in conserving dentistry including endodontology, periodontology, implantology and dental trauma are presented. METHODS:  Literature research on the current state of dental radiology was performed using Pubmed...
June 18, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912762/oral-and-otorhinolaryngological-findings-in-adults-who-were-diagnosed-with-pediatric-onset-crohn-s-disease-a-controlled-study
#6
Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Jetta Tuokkola, Ulla Saarnisto, Risto P Roine, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of pediatric patients with Crohn's disease (CD) report oral manifestations, but less is known about their oral health when they become adults. GOALS: Our aim was to provide detailed descriptions of the presence of oral and otorhinolaryngological manifestations in patients with pediatric onset CD once they reached adulthood, to look for predisposing factors and to compare the findings to matched controls. STUDY: Adult patients diagnosed with CD in childhood at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland, after 2000 were invited for a follow-up appointment in 2016 and 24 were examined by a dentist and otorhinolaryngologist...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912654/dentistry-as-a-free-market-in-the-context-of-leading-policymaking
#7
Bengt Franzon, Magnus Englander, Björn Axtelius, Björn Klinge
The purpose of this study was to disclose the psychological meaning structure of dentistry as a free market within the context of leading Swedish policymaking. Following the criteria for the descriptive phenomenological psychological method data was collected from leading policy makers about the experiential aspects of dentistry as a free market within the context of a welfare state. The analysis showed that dentistry as a free market was experienced as a complex business relationship between buyers and sellers that transcended the traditional dentist and patient roles...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907931/influence-of-2d-vs-3d-imaging-and-professional-experience-on-dental-implant-treatment-planning
#8
João Henrique Fortes, Christiano de Oliveira-Santos, Wilson Matsumoto, Raphael Jurca Gonçalves da Motta, Camila Tirapelli
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether professional experience and type of image examination (panoramic radiography (PAN) or cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)) could influence the pre-surgical planning for dental implant treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six dentists, from two different levels of experience (senior (Sr) and junior (Jr)) performed simulated pre-surgical planning by using PANs and after 1 month, by using CBCTs, considering implant length (IL), implant width (IW), need for bone graft (BG), and other surgical procedures (OP)...
June 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905060/therapeutic-options-to-manage-bleeding-in-a-dentist%C3%A2-s-office
#9
Claudio Rostetter, Tim Finkenstädt, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
This manuscript provides an overview of therapeutic options for the problem of bleeding in a dentist’s office. Bleeding after tooth extraction is a very common finding in dental medicine and persistent blood in the mouth is obviously uncomfortable and sometimes terrifying for the patient. Most bleedings can be stopped simply with compression, in some cases a homeostatic therapy is necessary. For local compression, a swab with tranexamic acid is useful. If local compression is not sufficient, sutures are often an option...
June 18, 2018: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904797/hyaluronic-acid-hydrogels-incorporating-platelet-lysate-enhance-human-pulp-cell-proliferation-and-differentiation
#10
Leopoldina D F Almeida, Pedro S Babo, Cristiana R Silva, Márcia T Rodrigues, Josimeri Hebling, Rui L Reis, Manuela E Gomes
The restoration of dentine-pulp complex remains a challenge for dentists; nonetheless, it has been poorly addressed. An ideal system should modulate the host response, as well as enable the recruitment, proliferation and differentiation of relevant progenitor cells. Herein was proposed a photocrosslinkable hydrogel system based on hyaluronic acid (HA) and platelet lysate (PL). PL is a cocktail of growth factors (GFs) and cytokines involved in wound healing orchestration, obtained by the cryogenic processing of platelet concentrates, and was expected to provide the HA hydrogels specific biochemical cues to enhance pulp cells' recruitment, proliferation and differentiation...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903741/in-vivo-multimodal-optical-imaging-improved-detection-of-oral-dysplasia-in-low-risk-oral-mucosal-lesions
#11
Eric C Yang, Richard A Schwarz, Alexander K Lang, Nancy E Bass, Hawraa Badaoui, Imran S Vohra, Katelin D Cherry, Michelle D Williams, Ann M Gillenwater, Nadarajah Vigneswaran, Rebecca Richards-Kortum
Early detection of oral cancer and oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) containing dysplasia could improve oral cancer outcomes. However, general dental practitioners have difficulty distinguishing dysplastic OPLs from confounder oral mucosal lesions in low-risk populations. We evaluated the ability of two optical imaging technologies, autofluorescence imaging (AFI) and high-resolution microendoscopy (HRME), to diagnose moderate dysplasia or worse (ModDys+) in 56 oral mucosal lesions in a low-risk patient population, using histopathology as the gold standard, and in 46 clinically normal sites...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903556/cone-beam-computed-tomography
#12
REVIEW
Ibrahim Nasseh, Wisam Al-Rawi
In the last several decades, the need for 3D images in dentistry have developed. Computerized tomography was first introduced mainly with the advent of implantology, but its use remained limited to a small number of specialists, due to its indications, access and dose radiation. In the late 90's, a new technology using a cone-shaped beam and a reciprocating detector, which rotates around the patient 360 degrees and acquires projected data in a single rotation, namely the cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT), invaded dentistry, making the perception of 3D easily acceptable to dentists and their patients...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901483/poor-oral-health-predicts-higher-10-year-cardiovascular-risk-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#13
Seon Young Hwang, Jae Lan Shim, Dayun Kang, Jungsoon Choi
BACKGROUND: Although the association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been reported, whether periodontitis and poor oral health behavior influence CVD risk remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether periodontal disease and poor oral health behavior predict 10-year general CVD risk using the Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: Patients older than 30 years with no CVD history (n = 8370) were selected using cross-sectional study data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2013 and 2014...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900914/abo-blood-grouping-a-potential-risk-factor-for-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Lavanya Govindaraju, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
Aim: The paradigm of etiology of early childhood caries (ECC) is shifting toward genetics. Of various inherited factors, blood group of an individual is genetically determined. The aim of the study is to determine if blood group of an individual will serve as a potential risk factor in the development of ECC. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chennai. Blood samples were collected from a total of 500 children <71 months of age for determination of the blood group...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900906/knowledge-and-awareness-of-dental-implants-as-a-treatment-choice-in-adult-population-in-south-india-a-hospital-based-study
#15
Anoop Mayya, Joana D'Souza, Ann Mary George, Kamalakanth Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Shreemathi S Mayya
Context: Implant-supported prosthesis improves the self-confidence and quality of life of the patient by giving them masticatory comfort and a high level of satisfaction. For any professional community, it is essential to know whether patients feel well informed and whether what they know reflects on the current advances in dental health care. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental implants as a treatment choice in patients visiting a dental college situated in Mangalore, Karnataka, India...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899636/evaluation-of-dental-explorer-and-visual-inspection-for-the-detection-of-residual-caries-among-greek-dentists
#16
Panagiotis Ntovas, Nikolaos Loubrinis, Panagiotis Maniatakos, Christos Rahiotis
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the operator's degree of clinical experience on the residual caries diagnosis through visual inspection and tactile sensation. Materials and Methods: The participants were asked about the years of their clinical practice, any further training concerning cariology, their familiarity with the minimal invasive philosophy, and the techniques that they use to remove dental caries and detect when to stop the removal of carious tissues...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899626/knowledge-attitude-and-skills-of-dental-practitioners-of-puducherry-on-minimally-invasive-dentistry-concepts-a-questionnaire-survey
#17
Jasmine Rayapudi, Carounanidy Usha
Background: Minimally invasive dentistry (MID) encompasses early caries diagnosis through caries risk assessment (CRA), early detection of incipient carious lesion including primary and secondary prevention based on scientific evidence that remineralization of demineralized enamel and dentin is possible if detected early. Although the dental curriculum focuses on the advantages of MID in tooth preservation, this science is not usually translated into practice. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and skills of dental practitioners of Puducherry regarding the concepts of MID...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898144/oral-health-status-health-behaviour-and-treatment-needs-of-patients-undergoing-cardiovascular-surgery
#18
Ansul Kumar, Arpita Rai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of cardiovascular surgery patients. Second, the awareness of cardiovascular surgery patients regarding the association between oral health and heart disease was considered. METHODS: Assessment of oral health status, oral hygiene practices and treatment needs of 106 hospitalized patients in preparation for cardiovascular surgery. Patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire designed for this study and oral examination was carried out by a dentist...
March 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896936/understanding-patients-and-dentists-perspectives-in-dental-trauma-management-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Wataru Ode, Violeta Lopez, Mun Loke Wong, Lone Schou, Victoria Soo Hoon Yu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients suffering dental trauma are unprepared for the disability challenge and necessary rehabilitation, while a traumatic event places an expanded demand on the dentist who is focused on treating disease. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) on patients, and to compare patients' and dentists' perceptions of the event. MATERIAL AND METHODS: TDI patients (aged ≥ 21 years) attending a tertiary dental hospital from 2011 - 2013 and their dentists were recruited with informed consent...
June 13, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896908/rhinocerebral-mucormycosis-risk-factors-and-the-type-of-oral-manifestations-in-patients-referred-to-a-university-hospital-in-tabriz-iran-2007-to-2017
#20
Saeed Nezafati, Abdolhassan Kazemi, Kasra Asgari, Amir Bahrami, Behrooz Naghili, Javad Yazdani
Inadequate data are available on the global epidemiology of mucormycosis, mainly derived from the evaluation of specific population groups. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is an invading and fatal mycosis, particularly among diabetic patients. In the present study, patients hospitalized in Imam Reza Hospital in Tabriz, from 2007 to 2017, were evaluated. The hospital information system (HIS) was used to collect the records of the patients. A total of 42 patients with a diagnosis of mucormycosis were included in the study, 40 cases (95%) of which had a diagnosis of the rhinocerebral form...
June 13, 2018: Mycoses
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