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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#1
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213367/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-infective-endocarditis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Thomas J Cahill, James L Harrison, Paul Jewell, Igho Onakpoya, John B Chambers, Mark Dayer, Peter Lockhart, Nia Roberts, David Shanson, Martin Thornhill, Carl J Heneghan, Bernard D Prendergast
OBJECTIVE: The use of antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) for prevention of infective endocarditis (IE) is controversial. In recent years, guidelines to cardiologists and dentists have advised restriction of AP to high-risk groups (in Europe and the USA) or against its use at all (in the UK). The objective of this systematic review was to appraise the evidence for use of AP for prevention of bacteraemia or IE in patients undergoing dental procedures. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and ISI Web of Science...
February 17, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210811/status-and-perception-of-oral-health-in-6-17-year-old-psychiatric-inpatients-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
I M Schüler, B Bock, R Heinrich-Weltzien, K Bekes, M Rudovsky, Ch Filz, C Ligges
AIM: The following are the aims of the study: assessment of oral health status, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and the effect of oral health care training over OHRQoL in children and adolescents hospitalized with mental disorders. METHODOLOGY: This randomized case controlled prospective interventional study involved 81 child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients (CAP) aged between 6 and 17 years (mean age 10.6 ± 2.4 years), compared to 81 mentally healthy patients attending routine dental examinations (DC group) matched according to age and sex of the CAP group...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#4
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209160/odontogenic-tumors-in-ethiopia-eight-years-retrospective-study
#6
Bruktawit Kebede, Dawit Tare, Birke Bogale, Fessahaye Alemseged
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic tumor (OT) comprises a large heterogeneous group of lesions arising from tooth producing tissues or its remnants. Studies on OTs are scarce in Ethiopia. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the pattern of OTs in Ethiopia. METHODS: An 8 years retrospective study was conducted at the Dental and Maxillofacial Department, St. Paul's referral hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected by reviewing the medical records of patients who visited the Department from September 2008 to August 2015...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209014/pyostomatitis-vegetans-a-clue-for-diagnosis-of-silent-crohn-s-disease
#7
Saede Atarbashi-Moghadam, Ali Lotfi, Fazele Atarbashi-Moghadam
Pyostomatitis vegetans is a very rare oral manifestation with unknown pathogenesis. Skin and other mucous membrane involvement may be seen. This lesion has strong association with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and may be the first sign of it. The management of Pyostomatitis vegetans is usually based on the management of underlying bowel disease. We present a case of Pyostomatitis vegetans involving gingiva and oral mucosa with no skin lesion which led to the diagnosis of Crohn's disease to emphasize important role of dentists in diagnosis of rare oral lesions and management of patients' systemic disease...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209009/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-dental-practitioners-pertaining-to-preventive-measures-in-paediatric-patients
#8
Raju Umaji Patil, Amitkumar Sahu, Halaswamy V Kambalimath, Bharath Kashetty Panchakshari, Manish Jain
INTRODUCTION: Prevention at primary level is of great value in Paediatric Dentistry. Since use of preventive measures can prevent future complications, dental professionals share an important responsibility toward early screening, prompt referral and treatment and this knowledge must transfer into the practice of dentistry. AIM: To evaluate Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among dental practitioners in Bhopal city (central part of India) pertaining to sealants, topical fluorides usage and orthodontic consideration in paediatric patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208999/experience-from-classroom-teaching-to-clinical-practice-regarding-shortened-dental-arch-sda-concept-among-dentists-a-questionnaire-study
#9
Ritu Gupta, Ravneet Malhi, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Chandrasheker Janakiram, Venisha Pandita, Monika Prasad, Jishnu Krishna Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and dental caries are the common oral conditions which cause loss of teeth, mostly molars. This further leads to Shortening of Dental Arch and Shortened Dental Arch (SDA) concept provides the overall requirements of functional dentition at reduced cost without compromising the health. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards SDA concept among dentists of Ghaziabad city (Uttar Pradesh, India)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207334/demographic-characteristics-and-health-status-of-transgender-adults-in-select-us-regions-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2014
#10
Ilan H Meyer, Taylor N T Brown, Jody L Herman, Sari L Reisner, Walter O Bockting
OBJECTIVES: To describe the health status of the transgender population in the United States. METHODS: We used 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data that comprised a probability sample from 19 US states and Guam (n = 151 456). RESULTS: Bivariate analyses showed that, in comparison with cisgender individuals, transgender individuals had a higher prevalence of poor general health (odds ratio [OR] = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206895/evaluation-of-current-screening-and-treatment-patterns-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-practicing-pediatric-dentists-in-the-united-states-a-pilot-study
#11
John Keating, Jae Hyun Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an evaluation of educational experience, screening, referral, and treatment patterns by pediatric dentists in the United States with regards to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: A twenty-six question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed using SurveyMonkey software. It was distributed to the 6,017 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members, garnering a response rate of 7...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206885/guideline-on-oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#12
(no author information available yet)
In all 50 states, physicians and dentists are required to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect and the role of physicians and dentists in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may be suspicious for child abuse or neglect. Physicians receive minimal training in oral health and dental injury and disease and, thus, may not detect dental aspects of abuse or neglect as readily as they do child abuse and neglect involving other areas of the body...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199029/healthcare-costs-of-type-2-diabetes-in-germany
#13
E Jacobs, A Hoyer, R Brinks, A Icks, O Kuß, W Rathmann
AIM: To describe for the first time the direct costs of Type 2 diabetes treatment by analysing nationwide routine data from statutory health insurance in Germany. METHODS: This cost-of-illness-study was based on a 6.8% random sample of all German people with statutory health insurance (4.3 out of 70 million people). The healthcare expenses show direct per capita costs from the payer perspective. Healthcare expenses for physicians, dentists, pharmacies, hospitals, sick benefits and other healthcare costs were considered...
February 15, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197643/machine-learning-principles-can-improve-hip-fracture-prediction
#14
Christian Kruse, Pia Eiken, Peter Vestergaard
Apply machine learning principles to predict hip fractures and estimate predictor importance in Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-scanned men and women. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data from two Danish regions between 1996 and 2006 were combined with national Danish patient data to comprise 4722 women and 717 men with 5 years of follow-up time (original cohort n = 6606 men and women). Twenty-four statistical models were built on 75% of data points through k-5, 5-repeat cross-validation, and then validated on the remaining 25% of data points to calculate area under the curve (AUC) and calibrate probability estimates...
February 14, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197396/comparison-of-the-effect-of-labiolingual-inclination-and-anteroposterior-position-of-maxillary-incisors-on-esthetic-profile-in-three-different-facial-patterns
#15
Praveen Chirivella, Gowri Sankar Singaraju, Prasad Mandava, V Karunakar Reddy, Jeevan Kumar Neravati, Suja Ani George
OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that there is no effect of esthetic perception of smiling profile in three different facial types by a change in the maxillary incisor inclination and position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A smiling profile photograph with Class I skeletal and dental pattern, normal profile were taken in each of the three facial types dolichofacial, mesofacial, and brachyfacial. Based on the original digital image, 15 smiling profiles in each of the facial types were created using the FACAD software by altering the labiolingual inclination and anteroposterior position of the maxillary incisors...
January 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195749/restorative-thresholds-for-carious-lesions
#16
N P T Innes, F Schwendicke
Current evidence supports noninvasive/nonrestorative treatment of "early" carious lesions: those confined to enamel or reaching the enamel-dentin junction. The extent that dentists' thresholds for intervening restoratively have changed with this evidence is unknown. This systematic review aimed to determine dentists' and therapists' current lesion threshold for carrying our restorative interventions in adults/children and primary/permanent teeth. Embase, Medline via PubMed, and Web of Science were searched for observational studies, without language, time, or quality restrictions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195645/exploring-the-views-of-relatives-of-frail-elderly-patients-about-participating-in-a-geriatric-dentistry-program
#17
Diego Machado Ardenghi, Chris Wyatt
Elderly residents of long-term care facilities (LTC) have difficulty accessing dental services. Aiming to improve access for this population, the Geriatric Dental Program (GDP) was established by UBC Faculty of Dentistry in 2002. Within the GDP, elderly people receive fee-for-service dental care. The objective of this research was to explore whether accessing these services had an impact on the lives of the patients' relatives. Data was collected through semi-structured, face-to-face, audio-recorded interviews with family members of 12 GDP patients...
February 14, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194782/fdi-policy-statement-on-partnering-for-better-health-the-dentist-patient-relationship-adopted-by-the-general-assembly-september-2016-poznan-poland
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191997/different-types-of-employee-well-being-across-time-and-their-relationships-with-job-crafting
#19
Jari J Hakanen, Maria C W Peeters, Wilmar B Schaufeli
We used and integrated the circumplex model of affect (Russell, 1980) and the conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1998) to hypothesize how various types of employee well-being, which can be differentiated on theoretical grounds (i.e., work engagement, job satisfaction, burnout, and workaholism), may differently predict various job crafting behaviors (i.e., increasing structural and social resources and challenging demands, and decreasing hindering demands) and each other over time. At Time 1, we measured employee well-being, and 4 years later at Time 2, job crafting and well-being, using a large sample of Finnish dentists (N = 1,877)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188656/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dentists-towards-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#20
Ajesh George, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Hannah Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Studies internationally show a lack of consensus among dentists regarding perinatal oral health yet no studies in Australia has explored the perceptions of Dentists in this area. This study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions and practices of dentists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia about perinatal oral health. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to 1357 members of the Australian Dental Association (NSW) and 185 (13.4%) completed surveys were returned...
February 11, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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