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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365554/status-of-exudative-pleural-effusion-in-adults-of-south-khorasan-province-northeast-iran-pleural-tuberculosis-tending-toward-elderly
#1
Sayyed Gholam Reza Mortazavi-Moghaddam, Gholam Reza Sharifzadeh, Mohammad Reza Rezvani
The causes and situation of exudative pleural effusion vary from one area to another. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 327 patients with exudative pleural effusion in South Khorasan province (Iran). The patients were older than 12 years and comprised 172 (52.6%) males and 155 (47.4%) females. The study commenced in 2007 with seven years duration. The Light's criteria were used to define exudative effusion. Procedures including pleural fluid analysis, microbiological study, pleural biopsy, and systemic investigations were conducted to determine the special cause of pleural effusion...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346245/precision-medicine-in-age-specific-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-integrating-biomolecular-results-into-clinical-practice-a-new-approach-to-improve-personalized-translational-research
#2
Tiziana Vavalà, Valentina Monica, Marco Lo Iacono, Teresa Mele, Simone Busso, Luisella Righi, Mauro Papotti, Giorgio Vittorio Scagliotti, Silvia Novello
OBJECTIVES: Non-small-cell-lung-cancer (NSCLC) in young adults (≤45 years-old) accounts for a very small proportion, as this disease usually occurs in people at older age. The youthful NSCLC may constitute an entity with different clinical-pathologic characteristics, having predominance of adenocarcinoma histology and affecting mostly non-smoker subjects. However, without specific guidelines, it is currently considered, both clinically and biologically, as the same disease of the older counterpart, although differences have been documented...
May 31, 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169957/how-can-we-ensure-that-people-with-lung-cancer-living-in-rural-and-remote-areas-are-treated-surgically-when-appropriate
#3
Elizabeth Tracey, Brian C McCaughan, Jane M Young, Bruce K Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834467/factors-contributing-to-quality-of-life-in-copd-patients-in-south-korea
#4
Hye-Young Kwon, Eugene Kim
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease, and the burden of COPD is expected to increase in the rapidly aging nation of South Korea. This study aims to examine the factors contributing to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in COPD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was based on 6-year-data obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. COPD was diagnosed in 2,734 survey participants and the severity was graded according to the criteria set by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26767034/diagnostic-value-of-serum-glutathione-peroxidase-3-levels-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#5
In-Jae Oh, Hye-Eun Kim, Sang-Yun Song, Kook-Joo Na, Kyu-Sik Kim, Young-Chul Kim, Seung-Won Lee
BACKGROUND: We selected glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3) as a specific candidate that is down regulated in patients with lung cancer. In this study, we examined the diagnostic value of serum GPx3, which is an extracellular protein and readily detectable in blood. METHODS: We collected serum samples from 342 patients with lung cancer and 126 controls (normal healthy people and patients with benign diseases or other malignancies). We measured serum GPx3 levels using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
September 2014: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26765259/cancer-among-circumpolar-populations-an-emerging-public-health-concern
#6
T Kue Young, Janet J Kelly, Jeppe Friborg, Leena Soininen, Kai O Wong
OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the incidence of cancer among the 8 Arctic States and their northern regions, with special focus on 3 cross-national indigenous groups--Inuit, Athabaskan Indians and Sami. METHODS: Data were extracted from national and regional statistical agencies and cancer registries, with direct age-standardization of rates to the world standard population. For comparison, the "world average" rates as reported in the GLOBOCAN database were used...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26680931/a-small-cell-lung-cancer-concurrently-diagnosed-with-paraneoplastic-dermatomyositis
#7
Hyung Seok Lee, Dae Young Zang, Young Il Seo, Dong Gyu Kim, Eun Jung Kim, Jin Seok Ahn, Hye Rim Park
Dermatomyositis is an inflammatory myopathy, of unknown etiology, which is characterized by cutaneous rashes, accompanied by progressive and symmetric proximal muscle weakness. Especially in older people, the incidences of malignant conditions appear to be increased in dermatomyositis patients, and the prognosis is very poor. Because dermatomyositis may occur as a paraneoplastic syndrome, extensive screening tests, for an occult malignant neoplasm, should be conducted in older dermatomyositis patients. We experienced a case of small cell lung cancer, which had a very rapid and catastrophic clinical course, in a 63-year-old male patient with dermatomyositis...
April 2003: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26598973/the-burden-of-disease-attributable-to-cannabis-use-in-canada-in-2012
#8
Sameer Imtiaz, Kevin D Shield, Michael Roerecke, Joyce Cheng, Svetlana Popova, Paul Kurdyak, Benedikt Fischer, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cannabis use is associated with several adverse health effects. However, little is known about the cannabis-attributable burden of disease. This study quantified the age-, sex- and adverse health effect-specific cannabis-attributable (1) mortality, (2) years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), (3) years of life lost due to disability (YLDs) and (4) disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Canada in 2012. DESIGN: Epidemiological modeling...
April 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26322197/periodontal-disease-and-tooth-loss-as-risks-for-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
M Sadighi Shamami, M Sadighi Shamami, S Amini
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is a chronic destructive disease which occurs in adults, young people, and children. Periodontal disease and periodontal pathogens have been associated with several systemic diseases and more recently, several studies have suggested the relationship between periodontal disease and cancer. Studies with adjustment for the effect of smoking exposure, have found significant positive associations with different cancer sites. This review has outlined recent epidemiologic researches pointing to a possible role for tooth loss and periodontal disease in carcinogenesis...
2011: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301739/obesity-and-excess-weight-in-early-adulthood-and-high-risks-of-arsenic-related-cancer-in-later-life
#10
Craig Steinmaus, Felicia Castriota, Catterina Ferreccio, Allan H Smith, Yan Yuan, Jane Liaw, Johanna Acevedo, Liliana Pérez, Rodrigo Meza, Sergio Calcagno, Ricardo Uauy, Martyn T Smith
BACKGROUND: Elevated body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and other diseases. Inflammation or oxidative stress induced by high BMI may explain some of these effects. Millions of people drink arsenic-contaminated water worldwide, and ingested arsenic has also been associated with inflammation, oxidative stress, and cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the unique situation of people living in northern Chile exposed to high arsenic concentrations in drinking water and investigate interactions between arsenic and BMI, and associations with lung and bladder cancer risks...
October 2015: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26275475/distance-from-accessible-specialist-care-and-other-determinants-of-advanced-or-unknown-stage-at-diagnosis-of-people-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-data-linkage-study
#11
Elizabeth Tracey, Brian McCaughan, Tim Badgery-Parker, Jane Young, Bruce Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Access to specialist services may influence stage at cancer diagnosis and whether cancer is ever adequately staged. We investigated associations of distance to the nearest accessible specialist hospital (NASH) with likelihood of advanced or unknown stage cancer at diagnosis in Australian non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: Cancer registry records for 22,260 consecutively diagnosed NSCLC patients, 11,147 with linked records of hospital admissions, were analysed...
October 2015: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26162353/fighting-ambient-air-pollution-and-its-impact-on-health-from-human-rights-to-the-right-to-a-clean-environment
#12
N Guillerm, G Cesari
Clean air is one of the basic requirements of human health and well-being. However, almost nine out of 10 individuals living in urban areas are affected by air pollution. Populations living in Africa, South-East Asia, and in low- and middle-income countries across all regions are the most exposed. Exposure to outdoor air pollution ranks as the ninth leading risk factor for mortality, killing 3.2 million people each year, especially young children, the elderly, persons with lung or cardiovascular disease, those who work or exercise outdoors and low-income populations...
August 2015: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26158695/risk-and-rationality-in-adolescent-decision-making-implications-for-theory-practice-and-public-policy
#13
Valerie F Reyna, Frank Farley
Crime, smoking, drug use, alcoholism, reckless driving, and many other unhealthy patterns of behavior that play out over a lifetime often debut during adolescence. Avoiding risks or buying time can set a different lifetime pattern. Changing unhealthy behaviors in adolescence would have a broad impact on society, reducing the burdens of disease, injury, human suffering, and associated economic costs. Any program designed to prevent or change such risky behaviors should be founded on a clear idea of what is normative (what behaviors, ideally, should the program foster?), descriptive (how are adolescents making decisions in the absence of the program?), and prescriptive (which practices can realistically move adolescent decisions closer to the normative ideal?)...
September 2006: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26133647/meeting-the-healthy-people-2020-objectives-to-reduce-cancer-mortality
#14
Hannah K Weir, Trevor D Thompson, Ashwini Soman, Bjorn Møller, Steven Leadbetter, Mary C White
INTRODUCTION: Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) calls for a 10% to 15% reduction in death rates from 2007 to 2020 for selected cancers. Trends in death rates can be used to predict progress toward meeting HP2020 targets. METHODS: We used mortality data from 1975 through 2009 and population estimates and projections to predict deaths for all cancers and the top 23 cancers among men and women by race. We apportioned changes in deaths from population risk and population growth and aging...
2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26107228/radical-oncological-surgery-and-adjuvan-therapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-over-70-years-of-age
#15
Nilgun Yilmaz Demirci, Sukran Ulger, Ulku Yilmaz, Koray Aydogdu, Aydin Yilmaz, Yurdanur Erdogan
BACKGROUND: The incidence of lung cancer increases with age. Approximately 50% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients are over 70 years old. Because of the increasing elderly population, treatment approaches in this age group continue to be studied similar to groups of young people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the current study, 26 patients who underwent radical surgery and adjuvan chemoradiation at Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital were evaluated retrospectively...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26043063/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-psychiatric-comorbidity-among-people-newly-diagnosed-with-cancer-based-on-korean-national-registry-data
#16
Byung Ook Lee, Won-Jung Choi, Na Young Sung, Seon-Koo Lee, Chong Gul Lee, Jee In Kang
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates the incidence of psychiatric disorders, related risk factors, and the use of mental health services among people newly diagnosed with one of five major cancers (stomach, liver, colorectal, lung, and breast cancer) based on national registry data from the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) in the Korean population. METHODS: We collected data on people newly diagnosed with one of the five major cancers between 2005 and 2008 using the nationwide claims data and cancer registration files of the NHIS...
December 2015: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26017256/smoking-related-knowledge-and-health-risk-beliefs-in-a-national-sample-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people
#17
Anna K Nicholson, Ron Borland, Sophia Couzos, Matthew Stevens, David P Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To describe general knowledge and perceived risk of the health consequences of smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people; and to assess whether knowledge varies among smokers and whether higher knowledge and perceived risk are associated with quitting. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The Talking About The Smokes project used quota sampling to recruit participants from communities served by 34 Aboriginal community-controlled health services and one community in the Torres Strait...
June 1, 2015: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25875494/the-changing-gender-differences-in-life-expectancy-in-chinese-cities-2005-2010
#18
Yan Le, Jie Ren, Jie Shen, Tong Li, Cheng-Feng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the gender difference in life expectancy in Chinese urban people and explore the age-specific and cause-specific contributions to the changing gender differences in life expectancy. METHODS: Data of life expectancy and mortality were obtained from "Annual statistics of public health in China." The gender difference was analyzed by decomposition method, including age-specific decomposition and cause-specific decomposition. RESULTS: Women lived much longer than men in Chinese urban areas, with remarkable gains in life expectancy since 2005, respectively...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25832878/molecular-features-and-clinical-outcome-of-lung-malignancies-in-very-young-people
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chiara Catania, Edoardo Botteri, Massimo Barberis, Fabio Conforti, Francesca Toffalorio, Filippo De Marinis, Sabrina Boselli, Cristina Noberasco, Angelo Delmonte, Gianluca Spitaleri, Lorenzo Spaggiari, Nicole Rotmensz, Antonio Passaro, Barbara Bazolli, Marina Alfieri, Michela Manzotti, Caterina Fumagalli, Alessandra Milani, Tommaso De Pas
INTRODUCTION: We describe the clinical features, outcome and incidence of druggable targets of lung cancers in patients ≤ 40 years old. MATERIALS & METHODS: Young patients were compared with two other groups (41-64 and ≥ 65 years). Neuroendocrine tumors, adenocarcinoma and non-adenocarcinoma/unspecified non-small-cell lung cancer were analyzed separately. Molecular characteristics of adenocarcinoma were evaluated in a subset of young patients. RESULTS: Of 2847 patients with lung cancer, 100 were ≤ 40 years old...
2015: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25800569/-analysis-of-differentially-expressed-proteome-in-urine-%C3%A2-from-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#20
Zhengang Chen, Jinbo Liu, Ling Lin, Hui Xie, Wencheng Zhang, Hongbo Zhang, Guangshun Wang
BACKGROUND: Screen differentially expressed proteins in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and aim to identify biomarkers for early screening, monitoring prognosis and evaluating therapy of NSCLC. METHODS: Urinary samples were collected from 40 newly diagnosed NSCLC patients, 8 patients with lung benign disorders and 22 healthy people. 0.9% sodium dodecylsulfate- polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D SDS-PAGE) and MS-Thermo-Orbitrap-Velos were applied to separate, extract and identify proteins in urinary samples from non-neoplastic groups and NSCLC patients, in order to find out differentially expressed proteins in patients with NSCLC...
March 2015: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
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