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lung cancer young people

Chrysovalantis Stafylis, George Rachiotis, Antonis Katsioulis, Varvara A Mouchtouri, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for heart and lung disease and is responsible for many forms of cancer. The resulting morbidity and mortality weigh heavily upon countries with high prevalence, such as Greece. According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) Greece, 38.2% of Greeks aged ≥15 years, namely 51.2% of men and 25.7% of women, are smokers. Smoking is also common among the young and people of high education. Despite laws prohibiting smoking at indoor places, exposure to environmental tobacco is very high both in private and public places...
June 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Marek Gróf, Tatiana Vagašová, Marián Oltman, Ľubomír Skladaný, Lenka Maličká
AIM: The economy of each state provides a significant amount of money into the health care system with the aim of knowing the health status of its population in the context of socioeconomic characteristics for effective resource allocation. In recent years, there is a growing number of cancer deaths in Slovakia. Therefore, the structure of cancer deaths according to its primary determinants, such as age, sex and education with the aim of effective implementation of prevention programs in Slovakia was examined...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Chang-Mo Oh, In-Hwan Oh, Bong-Keun Choe, Tai-Young Yoon, Joong-Myung Choi, Jihyen Hwang
Background: The frequent consumption of green tea has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and to reduce the risk of lung cancer and type 2 diabetes. However, few studies have investigated the relation between green tea consumption and the risk of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between green tea intake and COPD with the use of a nationwide representative database. Methods: This study was designed as a cross-sectional survey with the use of data from the Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey collected between 2008 and 2015...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Luc Renault, Emmanuel Perrot, Eric Pradat, Christophe Bartoli, Laurent Greillier, Anne Remacle-Bonnet, Norbert Telmon, Julien Mazières, Laurent Molinier, Sébastien Couraud
BACKGROUND: Few studies have looked at lung cancer in prisoners, despite this population is possibly at increased risk of malignancy. In a previous study, we found an early onset of lung cancer in prisoners. Thus, the present CARCAN study was aimed at assessing the epidemiological characteristics, management, prognosis, and incidence of lung cancer in prisoners compared to a sample of non-prisoner patients. METHOD: We performed a multi-center observational case-control study...
February 2018: Lung
Katarina Josipa Siroglavić, Marina Polić Vižintin, Ingrid Tripković, Mario Šekerija, Suzana Kukulj
AIM: To provide an overview of the lung cancer incidence trends in the City of Zagreb (Zagreb), Split-Dalmatia County (SDC), and Croatia in the period from 2001 to 2013. METHOD: Incidence data were obtained from the Croatian National Cancer Registry. For calculating incidence rates per 100 000 population, we used population estimates for the period 2001-2013 from the Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Age-standardized rates of lung cancer incidence were calculated by the direct standardization method using the European Standard Population...
October 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Hwan Cheol Kim, Chang Min Choi, Myung Hee Shin, Young Mog Shim, Jong Han Leem, Jeong Seon Ryu, Hae Seong Nam, Sung Min Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and lung cancer incidence in Koreans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population-based case-control study covering 908 lung cancer patients and 908 controls selected from a random sample of people within each Korean province and matched according to age, sex, and smoking status. We developed land-use regression models to estimate annual residential exposure to particulate matter (PM₁₀) and nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) over a 20-year exposure period...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
C M M Reep-van den Bergh, P P M Harteloh, E A Croes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of smoking on premature death in the Netherlands and the difference between causes of death for smokers and non-smokers. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. METHOD: Data on smoking behaviour were obtained from 40,000 people who participated in the CBS (Statistics Netherlands) health survey between 2001-2006. These data were linked to data on death and cause of death for the 10 years following this questionnaire...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Bruno Piassi de São José, Ricardo de Amorim Corrêa, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Paulo Augusto Moreira Camargos
Introduction: The global tobacco epidemic has taken pandemic proportions, with about 1.3 billion users and 6 million annual deaths. This study aimed to analyze the trends in mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung, lips, oral cavity, pharynx, and esophagus cancer in Brazil between 1990 and 2015. Methods: The study was made possible through a partnership between the Metrics and Health Assessment Institute (IHME), University of Washington, Ministry of Health and the GBD Brazil technical group, using estimates from the Global Disease Charge 2015 study...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Xin-Zu Chen, Yang Liu, Rui Wang, Wei-Han Zhang, Jian-Kun Hu
BACKGROUND: Following the appeal of the World Health Assembly for national cancer plans and programmes, the Chinese Ministry of Health issued governmental outlines of the National Cancer Prevention and Control Programme (2004-10). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of that programme in mainland China. METHODS: The Chinese Ministry of Health outlines aimed to establish a national cancer registry system, enhance the population health education, and organise prevention, early detection, and early treatment for principal cancers, especially in rural areas for high-incidence cancers...
October 2016: Lancet
Ji-Ye Kee, Yo-Han Han, Jinbong Park, Dae-Seung Kim, Jeong-Geon Mun, Kwang Seok Ahn, Hyun-Jung Kim, Jae-Young Um, Seung-Heon Hong
BACKGROUND: β-Lapachone is a quinone-containing compound found in red lapacho ( Tabebuia impetiginosa, syn. T avellanedae) trees. Lapacho has been used in traditional medicine by several South and Central American indigenous people to treat various types of cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimetastatic properties of β-lapachone and the underlying mechanisms using colon cancer cells. METHODS: This research used metastatic murine colon cancer cell lines, colon 26 (CT26) and colon 38 (MC38)...
December 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Sayyed Gholam Reza Mortazavi-Moghaddam, Gholam Reza Sharifzadeh, Mohammad Reza Rezvani
The causes and situation of exudative pleural effusion vary from one area to another. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 327 patients with exudative pleural effusion in South Khorasan province (Iran). The patients were older than 12 years and comprised 172 (52.6%) males and 155 (47.4%) females. The study commenced in 2007 with seven years duration. The Light's criteria were used to define exudative effusion. Procedures including pleural fluid analysis, microbiological study, pleural biopsy, and systemic investigations were conducted to determine the special cause of pleural effusion...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Tiziana Vavalà, Valentina Monica, Marco Lo Iacono, Teresa Mele, Simone Busso, Luisella Righi, Mauro Papotti, Giorgio Vittorio Scagliotti, Silvia Novello
OBJECTIVES: Non-small-cell-lung-cancer (NSCLC) in young adults (≤45 years-old) accounts for a very small proportion, as this disease usually occurs in people at older age. The youthful NSCLC may constitute an entity with different clinical-pathologic characteristics, having predominance of adenocarcinoma histology and affecting mostly non-smoker subjects. However, without specific guidelines, it is currently considered, both clinically and biologically, as the same disease of the older counterpart, although differences have been documented...
May 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Elizabeth Tracey, Brian C McCaughan, Jane M Young, Bruce K Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Hye-Young Kwon, Eugene Kim
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease, and the burden of COPD is expected to increase in the rapidly aging nation of South Korea. This study aims to examine the factors contributing to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in COPD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was based on 6-year-data obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012. COPD was diagnosed in 2,734 survey participants and the severity was graded according to the criteria set by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
In-Jae Oh, Hye-Eun Kim, Sang-Yun Song, Kook-Joo Na, Kyu-Sik Kim, Young-Chul Kim, Seung-Won Lee
BACKGROUND: We selected glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3) as a specific candidate that is down regulated in patients with lung cancer. In this study, we examined the diagnostic value of serum GPx3, which is an extracellular protein and readily detectable in blood. METHODS: We collected serum samples from 342 patients with lung cancer and 126 controls (normal healthy people and patients with benign diseases or other malignancies). We measured serum GPx3 levels using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
September 2014: Thoracic Cancer
T Kue Young, Janet J Kelly, Jeppe Friborg, Leena Soininen, Kai O Wong
OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the incidence of cancer among the 8 Arctic States and their northern regions, with special focus on 3 cross-national indigenous groups--Inuit, Athabaskan Indians and Sami. METHODS: Data were extracted from national and regional statistical agencies and cancer registries, with direct age-standardization of rates to the world standard population. For comparison, the "world average" rates as reported in the GLOBOCAN database were used...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Hyung Seok Lee, Dae Young Zang, Young Il Seo, Dong Gyu Kim, Eun Jung Kim, Jin Seok Ahn, Hye Rim Park
Dermatomyositis is an inflammatory myopathy, of unknown etiology, which is characterized by cutaneous rashes, accompanied by progressive and symmetric proximal muscle weakness. Especially in older people, the incidences of malignant conditions appear to be increased in dermatomyositis patients, and the prognosis is very poor. Because dermatomyositis may occur as a paraneoplastic syndrome, extensive screening tests, for an occult malignant neoplasm, should be conducted in older dermatomyositis patients. We experienced a case of small cell lung cancer, which had a very rapid and catastrophic clinical course, in a 63-year-old male patient with dermatomyositis...
April 2003: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Sameer Imtiaz, Kevin D Shield, Michael Roerecke, Joyce Cheng, Svetlana Popova, Paul Kurdyak, Benedikt Fischer, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cannabis use is associated with several adverse health effects. However, little is known about the cannabis-attributable burden of disease. This study quantified the age-, sex- and adverse health effect-specific cannabis-attributable (1) mortality, (2) years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), (3) years of life lost due to disability (YLDs) and (4) disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Canada in 2012. DESIGN: Epidemiological modeling...
April 2016: Addiction
M Sadighi Shamami, M Sadighi Shamami, S Amini
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is a chronic destructive disease which occurs in adults, young people, and children. Periodontal disease and periodontal pathogens have been associated with several systemic diseases and more recently, several studies have suggested the relationship between periodontal disease and cancer. Studies with adjustment for the effect of smoking exposure, have found significant positive associations with different cancer sites. This review has outlined recent epidemiologic researches pointing to a possible role for tooth loss and periodontal disease in carcinogenesis...
2011: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Craig Steinmaus, Felicia Castriota, Catterina Ferreccio, Allan H Smith, Yan Yuan, Jane Liaw, Johanna Acevedo, Liliana Pérez, Rodrigo Meza, Sergio Calcagno, Ricardo Uauy, Martyn T Smith
BACKGROUND: Elevated body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and other diseases. Inflammation or oxidative stress induced by high BMI may explain some of these effects. Millions of people drink arsenic-contaminated water worldwide, and ingested arsenic has also been associated with inflammation, oxidative stress, and cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the unique situation of people living in northern Chile exposed to high arsenic concentrations in drinking water and investigate interactions between arsenic and BMI, and associations with lung and bladder cancer risks...
October 2015: Environmental Research
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