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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431365/attitudes-towards-people-with-epilepsy-in-moscow
#1
Alla Guekht, Anna Gersamiya, Igor Kaimovskiy, Maria Mizinova, Alexander Yakovlev, Alexander Shpak
PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge and attitudes in Moscow towards people with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: Data were collected from 1167 adults, permanent residents of Moscow, who were interviewed. A 10-item questionnaire was used addressing three major domains: familiarity with epilepsy (2 questions), understanding of epilepsy (5 questions), and attitude towards the PWE (3 questions). Results were standardized to the Moscow population. RESULTS: The study population was generally well informed about epilepsy...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430995/is-popular-radio-a-source-of-exposure-to-alcohol-references-in-mid-to-later-life-a-content-analysis
#2
C Haighton, J Halligan, S Scott
Background: There is concern around alcohol consumption in mid to later life yet little understanding about what influences this behaviour. No previous research has explored the extent to which adults in mid to later life may be exposed to alcohol references in the media. This project aimed to determine the frequency of alcohol references on radio stations with a high proportion of listeners in mid to later life. Methods: Content analysis of alcohol references on four popular UK music-based radio stations with a high proportion of listeners aged 55-64 years over three time points...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430935/sensation-seeking-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-unstructured-socializing-with-peers
#3
Sharon Sznitman, Batya Engel-Yeger
Background: Researchers have theorized that adolescents high in sensation seeking are particularly sensitive to positive reinforcement and the rewarding outcomes of alcohol use, and thus that the personality vulnerability is a direct causal risk factor for alcohol use. In contrast, the routine activity perspective theorizes that part of the effect of sensation seeking on alcohol use goes through the propensity that sensation seekers have towards unstructured socializing with peers. The study tests a model with indirect and direct paths from sensation seeking and participation in unstructured peer socialization to adolescent alcohol use...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430725/awareness-regarding-perineal-protection-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-and-episiotomy-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-effects-of-an-educational-workshop
#4
Anna M Stecher, Jennifer Yeung, Catrina C Crisp, Rachel N Pauls
OBJECTIVES: Appropriate perineal protection may reduce rates of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). We sought to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of obstetrics and gynecology residents concerning perineal protection, OASIS, and episiotomy before and after an educational workshop. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved cross-sectional survey study of obstetrics and gynecology residents. Two experts in perineal protection, whose methods have been shown to reduce OASIS by 50%, provided 1 week of education...
April 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430556/pneumoconioses-radiographs-in-a-large-population-of-u-s-coal-workers-variability-in-a-reader-and-b-reader-classifications-by-using-the-international-labour-office-classification
#5
Cara N Halldin, David J Blackley, Edward L Petsonk, A Scott Laney
Purpose To assess the level of concordance between chest radiographic classifications of A and B Readers in a national surveillance program offered to U.S. coal miners over an approximate 36-year period. Materials and Methods The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) is a surveillance program with nonresearch designation and is exempt from Human Subjects Review Board approval (11-DRDS-NR03). Thirty-six years of data (1979-2015) from the CWHSP were analyzed, which included all conventional screen-film radiographs with a classification by at least one A Reader and one B Reader...
April 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429885/intravenous-self-administration-of-benzydamine-a-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-with-a-central-cannabinoidergic-mechanism-of-action
#6
Riccardo Avvisati, Maria Meringolo, Emiliana Stendardo, Elisa Malavasi, Silvia Marinelli, Aldo Badiani
Benzydamine (BZY) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used for the topical treatment of inflammations of the oral and vaginal mucosae. Virtually nothing is known about the central pharmacological actions of BZY. Yet there are reports of voluntary systemic overdosage of BZY in drug addicts, resulting in a euphoric, hallucinatory state. In the present study, we investigated the reinforcing properties of BZY in a rat self-administration paradigm. We found that BZY has a powerful reinforcing effect and that this effect is greatly facilitated in animals that already had substance experience, having previously self-administered heroin and cocaine, indicating cross sensitization between BZY and other common drugs of abuse...
April 21, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429875/effect-of-untreated-zirconium-oxide-nanofiller-on-the-flexural-strength-and-surface-hardness-of-autopolymerized-interim-fixed-restoration-resins
#7
Abdolhamid Alhavaz, Maryam Rezaei Dastjerdi, Arman Ghasemi, Azade Ghasemi, Abolfazl Alizadeh Sahraei
OBJECTIVE: Autopolymerized poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin is commonly used for the construction of interim restorations; however, it has less than optimal mechanical properties. In this article, we evaluated the reinforcing effect of adding untreated zirconia nanoparticles on the flexural strength and surface hardness of this resin. METHODS: A total of 80 specimens were fabricated. Forty each were used for the flexural strength test and for the surface hardness test...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429835/levodopa-prevents-the-reinstatement-of-cocaine-self-administration-in-rats-via-potentiation-of-dopamine-release-in-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#8
Silvia Antinori, Liana Fattore, Pierluigi Saba, Walter Fratta, Gian Luigi Gessa, Paola Devoto
Dopamine agonists have been proposed as therapeutic tools for cocaine addiction. We have recently demonstrated that indirect dopamine agonists, including levodopa (L-DOPA), markedly increase cocaine-induced dopamine release in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of rats leading to the suppression of cocaine-seeking behavior. This study was aimed to understand the behavioral and neurochemical effects of L-DOPA on cocaine-taking and cocaine-seeking in rats. After reaching a stable pattern of intravenous cocaine self-administration under a continuous fixed ratio (FR-1) schedule of reinforcement, male rats were treated with L-DOPA at different steps of the self-administration protocol...
April 21, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429511/in-situ-construction-of-stable-tissue-directed-reinforced-bifunctional-separator-protection-film-on-lithium-anode-for-lithium-oxygen-batteries
#9
Ji-Jing Xu, Qing-Chao Liu, Yue Yu, Jin Wang, Jun-Min Yan, Xin-Bo Zhang
To achieve a high reversibility and long cycle life for Li-O2 battery system, the stable tissue-directed/reinforced bifunctional separator/protection film (TBF) is in situ fabricated on the surface of metallic lithium anode. It is shown that a Li-O2 cell composed of the TBF-modified lithium anodes exhibits an excellent anodic reversibility (300 cycles) and effectively improved cathodic long lifetime (106 cycles). The improvement is attributed to the ability of the TBF, which has chemical, electrochemical, and mechanical stability, to effectively prevent direct contact between the surface of the lithium anode and the highly reactive reduced oxygen species (Li2 O2 or its intermediate LiO2 ) in cell...
April 21, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429507/mucinous-hidradenoma-in-a-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Aadil Ahmed, Wendy Kim, Jodi Speiser
Hidradenomas are benign tumors of the sweat glands that are rarely reported in childhood. The presence of mucinous change in hidradenomas, which consists of variable numbers of mucin-rich goblet cells, is occasionally observed in some adult clinical practices. However, it has not been previously reported in the pediatric population. Herein, we present a unique case of a mucinous hidradenoma presenting on the thigh of a 3-year old boy. The clinical presentation and histological features of the case, along with a literature review of published case reports of pediatric hidradenomas are described...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429485/the-place-of-periodontal-examination-and-referral-in-general-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Samuel Chan, Graham M Pasternak, Malcolm J West
In many countries, dental services, unlike other health-care services, are not covered by the principle of universal access. It is only in the last couple of decades that there has been a greater interaction between medicine and dentistry. Various health-care systems worldwide may provide public dental services to the young and the disadvantaged, but few provide access to all. Public policy does not appear to appreciate the vast economic, health and social implications of poor oral health on the overall health of an individual...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429095/pigeons-columba-livia-show-change-blindness-in-a-color-change-detection-task
#12
Walter T Herbranson, Jacob S Jeffers
Change blindness is a phenomenon whereby changes to a stimulus are more likely go unnoticed under certain circumstances. Pigeons learned a change detection task, in which they observed sequential stimulus displays consisting of individual colors back-projected onto three response keys. The color of one response key changed during each sequence and pecks to the key that displayed the change were reinforced. Pigeons showed a change blindness effect, in that change detection accuracy was worse when there was an inter-stimulus interval interrupting the transition between consecutive stimulus displays...
April 20, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428341/ctf4-related-protein-recruits-lhp1-prc2-to-maintain-h3k27me3-levels-in-dividing-cells-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#13
Yue Zhou, Emmanuel Tergemina, Haitao Cui, Alexander Förderer, Benjamin Hartwig, Geo Velikkakam James, Korbinian Schneeberger, Franziska Turck
Polycomb Repressive Complex (PRC) 2 catalyzes the H3K27me3 modification that warrants inheritance of a repressive chromatin structure during cell division, thereby assuring stable target gene repression in differentiated cells. It is still under investigation how H3K27me3 is passed on from maternal to filial strands during DNA replication; however, cell division can reinforce H3K27me3 coverage at target regions. To identify novel factors involved in the Polycomb pathway in plants, we performed a forward genetic screen for enhancers of the like heterochromatin protein 1 (lhp1) mutant, which shows relatively mild phenotypic alterations compared with other plant PRC mutants...
April 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427699/people-with-ms-are-less-physically-active-than-healthy-controls-but-as-active-as-those-with-other-chronic-diseases-an-updated-meta-analysis
#14
D Kinnett-Hopkins, B Adamson, K Rougeau, R W Motl
BACKGROUND: There has been remarkable growth in research examining physical activity behavior (any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle contraction that results in energy expenditure) among people living with multiple sclerosis (MS) over the past decade. The current meta-analysis quantified physical activity participation levels in persons with MS compared with non-diseased and other clinical populations. METHODS: We searched PUBMED, PsycINFO and Web of Science using the keywords physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness in conjunction with MS...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427580/quality-of-life-after-surgery-or-des-in-patients-with-3-vessel-or-left-main-disease
#15
Mouin S Abdallah, Kaijun Wang, Elizabeth A Magnuson, Ruben L Osnabrugge, A Pieter Kappetein, Marie-Claude Morice, Friedrich A Mohr, Patrick W Serruys, David J Cohen
BACKGROUND: In the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial, patients with 3-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD) had improved long-term outcomes with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES), improvements driven mainly by differences in myocardial infarction and repeat revascularization. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the long-term quality-of-life benefits of DES-PCI versus CABG for patients with 3-vessel or left main CAD...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426532/impact-of-co-morbidity-and-aging-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-individuals
#16
N Langebeek, K W Kooij, F W Wit, I G Stolte, M A G Sprangers, P Reiss, P T Nieuwkerk
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals may be at risk for the premature onset of age-associated non-communicable co-morbidities. Being HIV-positive, having comorbidities and being of higher age may adversely impact health-related quality of life (HRQL). We investigated the possible contribution of HIV infection, co-morbidities, and age on HRQL and depression. METHODS: HIV-infected individuals and uninfected controls from the AGEhIV Cohort Study were screened for the presence of co-morbidities...
April 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426389/melatonin-and-circadian-rhythms-in-autism-case-report
#17
Gabriela Melloni Zuculo, Bruno S B Gonçalves, Clay Brittes, Luiz Menna-Barreto, Luciana Pinato
Among the most co-occurring conditions in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), there are sleep disorders which may exacerbate associated behavioral disorders and lead to intensification of existing autistic symptoms. Several studies investigating the use of melatonin in the treatment of sleep disorders in ASD have shown comparative efficiency in sleep with little or no side effects. Here we report a case of ASD with non-24-hour rhythm and the effect of melatonin in circadian parameters by actigraphy. Visual analysis of the first 10 days recorded and the periodogram suggest that this patient showed a non-24-hour rhythm...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426355/income-levels-and-response-to-contingency-management-for-smoking-cessation
#18
Carla López-Núñez, Roberto Secades-Villa, Elsa Peña-Suárez, Sergio Fernández-Artamendi, Sara Weidberg
BACKGROUND: Contingency management (CM) has demonstrated its efficacy in treating many drug addictions, including nicotine. However, one of the most commonly perceived limitations with regard to its dissemination into community settings is whether this protocol could be equally effective for treating patients across different income levels. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether individuals' income levels affect treatment success in a cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) that included a voucher-based CM protocol for smoking cessation...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426263/using-contingent-reinforcement-to-augment-muscle-activation-after-perinatal-brachial-plexus-injury-a-pilot-study
#19
S V Duff, B Sargent, J J Kutch, J Berggren, B E Leiby, L Fetters
AIM: Examine the feasibility of increasing muscle activation with electromyographically (EMG)-triggered musical-video as reinforcement for children with perinatal brachial plexus injury (PBPI). METHODS: Six children with PBPI (9.3 ± 6.3 months; 5 female, 1 male) and 13 typically developing (TD) controls (7.8 ± 3.5 months; 4 female, 9 males) participated. The left arm was affected in 5/6 children with PBPI. We recorded the integral (Vs) of biceps activation with surface EMG during two conditions per arm in one session: (1) 100 second (s) baseline without reinforcement and (2) 300 s reinforcement (musical-video triggered to play with biceps activation above threshold [V])...
April 20, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426240/influence-of-glenoid-defect-size-and-bone-fragment-size-on-the-clinical-outcome-after-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-in-male-collision-contact-athletes
#20
Shigeto Nakagawa, Tatsuo Mae, Kenji Yoneda, Kazutaka Kinugasa, Hiroyuki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of arthroscopic Bankart repair for collision/contact athletes has varied in previous reports. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of glenoid rim morphologic characteristics on the clinical outcome after arthroscopic Bankart repair without additional reinforcement procedures in male collision/contact athletes, including athletes with a large glenoid defect. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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