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ENT, otolaryngology

Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Raquel Manrique-Huarte, Eduardo Martin-Sanz, Gabriel Trinidad
INTRODUCTION: Publishing in scientific journals is an indicator of hospital quality and has become a standard of excellence for medical doctors and institutions. The aim of the study is to identify the scientific publications performed by Otolaryngology Departments in Spain within the period 2011-2015 and to compare them to a previous period between 1998-2002. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Original papers published by Otolaryngology Departments in Spain in PubMed within 2011-2015 were retrieved...
March 17, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Simon S Rabinowitz, Neha Ahuja, Jennifer Gottfried
An 11-year-old Caucasian boy, with a microdeletion in the 1q21.1-q21.2 region, had multiple medical conditions including gastroparesis documented initially at the age of 5. The patient had a history of poor feeding since infancy and had been treated for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), constipation and multiple food allergies. As a consequence of the GERD and his concurrent immunoglobulin (IgG) subclass deficiency, the patient had multiple otolaryngologic (ENT) infections and required two sinus surgeries...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Andrew G Shuman
Clinical data registries are perhaps one of the most powerful outcomes of electronic medical records, and their benefits are projected to redound to patients and clinicians across the nation. The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation's Reg-ent fits within the conceptual framework of a learning health system. Because the data within this system are deidentified, research informed consent is not legally required. But ethical concerns remain regarding whether and how to best notify, and whether to obtain consent from, patients whose data are included...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
A S Lapchenko, A G Kucherov, R Ya Order, A A Lapchenko
The objective of the present study was the enhancement of the effectiveness of the treatment of the consequences of the gunshot wounds and mine-blast injuries inflicted to the face, head, and neck encountered in the otolaryngological practice as well as the prevention of the formation of the large demarcation areas in the injured tissues and the preparation of these tissues for the further restorative treatment. Anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory photodynamic therapy (PDT) as well as light-emitting-diode (LED) phototherapy were carried out in 20 patients who suffered gunshot wounds and mine-blast injuries to the face, head, and neck...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Yogesh Dabholkar, Haritosh Velankar, Sneha Suryanarayan, Twinkle Y Dabholkar, Akanksha A Saberwal, Bhavika Verma
The WHO has designed a safe surgery checklist to enhance communication and awareness of patient safety during surgery and to minimise complications. WHO recommends that the check-list be evaluated and customised by end users as a tool to promote safe surgery. The aim of present study was to evaluate the impact of WHO safety checklist on patient safety awareness in otorhinolaryngology and to customise it for the speciality. A prospective structured questionnaire based study was done in ENT operating room for duration of 1 month each for cases, before and after implementation of safe surgery checklist...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Fatih Alper Akcan, Yusuf Dündar, Hümeyra Bayram Akcan, Ahmet Uluat, Derya Cebeci, Mehmet Ali Sungur, İlhan Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical role of Vitamin D in prognosis of Otitis media with effusion. METHODS: This prospective-controlled study was conducted at otolaryngology department in Duzce University, Turkey. The study group comprised children who were diagnosed with Otitis media with effusion between September 2016 and February 2017. Control group was conducted with children underwent circumcision or inguinal hernia repair operations that confirmed with ENT examination they do not have any sign of otitis media...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
M Chan, S Carrie
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is a common procedure performed within otolaryngology, but it carries potential for significant life-changing complications. It is therefore essential that trainees undergo adequate training. The European Working Time Directive has led to reduced operating time for the trainee surgeon. With variable access and the cost implications associated with cadaveric specimens, simulation can be an invaluable educational resource in surgical training...
February 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Karolina Dżaman, Karolina Piskadło-Zborowska, Mirosława Pietniczka-Załęska
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to analyze the profile of patients applying for free preventive examinations within The Forth European Head an Neck Cancer (HNC) Awareness Week in the Department of Otorhynolaryngology in Międzyleski Hospital in Warsaw (ORL MSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A media campaign was designed to inform HNC risk patients about the opportunity to receive free preventive examinations in ORL MSS. 225 patients were enrolled to the study. Patient age ranged from 26 to 92 (average 63 years)...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
Leif Erik Walther
Vertigo is a multisensory syndrome that otolaryngologists are confronted with every day. With regard to the complex functions of the sense of orientation, vertigo is considered today as a disorder of the sense of direction, a disturbed spatial perception of the body. Beside the frequent classical syndromes for which vertigo is the leading symptom (e.g. positional vertigo, vestibular neuritis, Menière's disease), vertigo may occur as main or accompanying symptom of a multitude of ENT-related diseases involving the inner ear...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
Joanna Janiak-Kiszka, Wojciech Kaźmierczak
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of conductive hearing loss runs the risk of damage to the inner ear in the mechanism of acoustic trauma. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the function of the organ of Corti, expressed as bone conduction threshold at the frequency of 4000 Hz for selected operations: mastoidectomy and canal-wall-down procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The material was collected from patients with chronic otitis media in the Department of Otolaryngology and ENT Oncology, Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Bydgoszcz in 2004-2009...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
N Mistry, C Coulson, A George
Digital and mobile device technology in healthcare is a growing market. The introduction of the endoscope-i, the world's first endoscopic mobile imaging system, allows the acquisition of high definition images of the ear, nose and throat (ENT). The system combines the e-i Pro camera app with a bespoke engineered endoscope-i adaptor which fits securely onto the iPhone or iPod touch. Endoscopic examination forms a salient aspect of the ENT work-up. The endoscope-i therefore provides a mobile and compact alternative to the existing bulky endoscopic systems currently in use which often restrict the clinician to the clinic setting...
October 17, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Desiderio Passali, Maria Carla Spinosi, Francesco Maria Passali
This article analyzes the role played by the ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). DIAGNOSIS: The instrumental methods of investigation of otolaryngology expertise are fiberoptic rhinolaryngoscopy and sleep endoscopy. To better define and treat OSAS it is essential to define location, extension and degree of obstruction. The major limitation of rhinolaryngoscopy is that it is conducted while the patient is awake...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
Anna E Coghill, Cheng-Ping Wang, Sandra A W M Verkuijilen, Kelly J Yu, Wan-Lun Hsu, Jaap M Middeldorp, Allan Hildesheim
Epstein-Barr virus detection using nasopharyngeal swabs has been suggested as a potential screening test that could improve the specificity of current EBV-based serological assays. However, application requires insertion of the swab deep into the nasopharynx, a procedure not amenable to non-clinic screening. We reasoned that swabbing the more easily accessible nasal cavity might provide an appealing alternative for NPC detection. Patients > 18 years of age diagnosed with histologically confirmed NPC were recruited from the Otolaryngology Department at the National Taiwan University Hospital...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
Juan Manuel Maza Solano, Gustavo Benavente Bermudo, Francisco José Estrada Molina, Jesús Ambrosiani Fernández, Serafín Sánchez Gómez
BACKGROUND: and objectives We have evaluated the training capacity of the Spanish resident training book as an electronic portfolio to achieve the learning objectives of otorhinolaryngology (ENT) residents. METHODS: A multi-method qualitative investigation with transversal characteristics, temporal and retrospective guidance was performed on Spanish ENT residents using a structured questionnaire, a semi-structured interview, and a computer application on the FORMIR website...
August 10, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Anton Khlopas, Jared M Newman, Gannon L Curtis, Pedro A Torres, Rafay Khan, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is the third most common postoperative complication. However, its epidemiology varies widely and is often difficult to assess. For a better understanding, we utilized two national databases to determine the incidence of postoperative pneumonia after various surgical procedures. Specifically, we used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to determine the incidence and yearly trends of postoperative pneumonia following orthopaedic, urologic, otorhinolaryngologic, cardiothoracic, neurosurgery, and general surgeries...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
P Andrews, J Joseph, C-H Li, L Nip, T Jacques, T Leung
BACKGROUND: Nasal obstruction is a common ENT complaint; however, decisions on its management are challenging, with high rates of dissatisfaction following surgery. This study investigated the practice of UK clinicians in the evaluation of nasal patency. METHOD: Seventy-eight UK-based rhinologists were surveyed at the 2015 British Academic Conference in Otolaryngology. RESULTS: Clinical history and examination are almost universally used to evaluate nasal blockage...
August 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Ali Al-Hussaini, Alun Tomkinson
Exposure to the specialty of Otolaryngology is limited. It may be consolidated by the use of an iBook as a self-study tool. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the perceptions of junior doctors on the clinical relevance of this novel educational resource. Three focus groups were formed each consisting of five junior doctors (eight female: seven male, median age 27 years). The iBook was found to be clinically relevant to the work of junior doctors, have a clear layout, with adequate interactivity and a good range of integrated multimedia elements...
April 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
Isabel Theresia Gross, Laleh Bahar-Posey
Atlanto-axial subluxation is a rare but potentially serious complication after otolaryngological procedures. We are describing a case of a 4-year-old child who developed atlanto-axial subluxation of the cervical spine after adenoidectomy. Our patient underwent adenoidectomy and, 18 days later, presented to the emergency department with her neck tilted to the left in a cock-robin position and complaining of neck pain persisting since the surgery. A multiplanar 3-dimensional computed tomography was obtained and confirmed the diagnosis of an atlanto-axial subluxation (Fielding type 3)...
June 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
T F C Saunders, B C Rymer, K J McNamara
OBJECTIVE: Bibliometrics uses analysis of content and citations of journal articles to quantify trends in published data. We aim to use bibliometric analysis to identify the global contribution by country to the ENT surgical literature over a 5-year period. DATA SOURCE: The top 20 countries for number of articles published in surgery and the 11 English-language otolaryngology surgical journals with the highest impact factors (IF) were included. Numbers of scientific articles per year (2009-2013) per country for each journal were identified through PubMed...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Ohad Ronen, Nidal Assadi, Eyal Sela
INTRODUCTION: For two years the State of Israel has been treating casualties from the Syrian civil war. The Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya is the main hospital for this humanitarian mission. Objectives: To evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the casualties that were treated in our department. METHODS: Information from medical records of all Syrian casualties evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center were evaluated. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 450 casualties were evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center...
May 2017: Harefuah
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