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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040565/refugees-migrants-and-displaced-populations-the-united-nations-new-york-declaration-and-the-who-international-health-regulations
#1
Richard Seifman
The World Health Assembly approved the International Health Regulations (IHR) committing countries to strengthen their capacity to address public health emergencies of international concern. A mechanism to assess a country's capacity, the Joint External Evaluation (JEE), is a means to assist countries to assess their health system preparedness. The assessment teams include public health and veterinary experts, but include those with specialized knowledge about refugee, immigrant, and internally displaced persons situations...
October 5, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040127/double-row-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-is-more-cost-effective-than-single-row-repair
#2
Adrian L Huang, Kednapa Thavorn, Sasha van Katwyk, Peter MacDonald, Peter Lapner
BACKGROUND: The optimal technique for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is controversial, and both single and double-row techniques are commonly used. In the current era of increasing costs, health-care delivery models are focusing on the value of care. In this study, we compared the cost-effectiveness of single-row and double-row reconstructions in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: A cost-utility analysis was performed from the perspective of a publicly funded health-care system...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040086/compliance-of-brown-mussel-perna-perna-production-areas-in-the-south-of-brazil-with-the-bacteriological-criteria-of-the-shellfish-hygiene-systems-in-the-european-union-and-united-states-of-america-assessing-the-impacts-on-consumer-safety
#3
Robson Ventura de Souza, Carlos José Alexandre de Campos, Luis Hamilton Pospissil Garbossa, Walter Quadros Seiffert
Levels of faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) monitored in surface water and brown mussels collected at 28 production areas in Brazil from August 2012 to October 2013 were used to assess compliance with the bacteriological standards of the shellfish hygiene classification systems used in the European Union (EU) and USA. This classification determines the level of post-harvesting purification needed to reduce the risk of illness in consumers. The results indicate that 36% of production areas would be class A under the EU system and 75% would be 'Approved' under the US system...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036568/rhetoric-of-representation-the-disempowerment-and-empowerment-of-consumer-leaders
#4
Brett Scholz, Stephanie J Stewart, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Policy mandates consumer involvement in decisions at all levels of the mental health system. One barrier to this involvement is the expectation that consumers involved in systemic work represent broader consumer experiences. To examine how the rhetoric of 'representation' was used in relation to consumer involvement in mental health, a qualitative exploratory design was employed using interviews for data collection. Participants were consumers (n = 6) working with public or private mental health organizations in Australia, and colleagues (n = 3) or managers (n = 5) of these consumers...
September 28, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036489/training-community-health-workers-to-promote-breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil
#5
Lorna Bittencourt, Isabel C Scarinci
Although it has been show that early detection through mammograms is the most effective way to reduce breast cancer mortality, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide with survival rates being even lower in low- and middle-income countries as compared to high-income countries. Despite the availability of breast cancer screening programs in Brazil through the public health system, some women do not participate in these programs due to structural and/or inter/intrapersonal barriers...
September 26, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036453/heath-sector-network-governance-and-state-building-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#6
Aembe Bwimana
Longstanding patterns of interaction exist between state and non-state actors seeking to improve public health in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC is a weak state, and, in many cases, private actors have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of state health care provision. However, the role of these interactions in creating a governance network in the health sector has been underexplored. Using data from 18 months of qualitative field research, this study aimed to explore governance networks in DRC's health sector, examining how multiple stakeholders work to manage the health system and how the resulting governance network has been relevant for the state-building process...
October 5, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036392/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#7
Sean T O'Leary, David W Kimberlin
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (Carrie L...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035688/why-social-relationships-are-important-for-physical-health-a-systems-approach-to-understanding-and-modifying-risk-and-protection
#8
Julianne Holt-Lunstad
Social relationships are adaptive and crucial for survival. This review presents existing evidence that our social connections to others have powerful influences on health and longevity and that lacking social connection qualifies as a risk factor for premature mortality. A systems perspective is presented as a framework by which to move social connection into the realm of public health. Individuals, and health-relevant biological processes, exist within larger social contexts including the family, neighborhood and community, and society and culture...
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035630/a-population-health-measurement-framework-evidence-based-metrics-for-assessing-community-level-population-health-in-the-global-budget-context
#9
Elham Hatef, Elyse C Lasser, Hadi H K Kharrazi, Chad Perman, Russ Montgomery, Jonathan P Weiner
Population health is one of the pillars of the Triple Aim to improve US health care. The authors developed a framework for population health measurement and a proposed set of measures for further exploration to guide the population health efforts in Maryland. The authors searched peer-reviewed, expert-authored literature and current public health measures. Using a semi-structured analysis, a framework was proposed, which consisted of a conceptual model of several domains and identified population health measures addressing them...
October 16, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034840/non-anaesthetic-effects-of-volatile-anaesthetics-a-short-trip-on-the-sea-of-translational-medicine
#10
Lukasz J Krzych, Anna J Szczepanska
BACKGROUND: Volatile anaesthetics (VA) are commonly used worldwide for induction and/or maintenance of general anaesthesia. They act in the central nervous system to reduce sensation and motor response during surgical and invasive diagnostic procedures. VAs also have some non-anaesthetic properties in the brain when administrated to patients at the extremes of age. Their biological impact on other organs should be taken into account during administration of anaesthesia. OBJECTIVE: In this review we summarize the recent knowledge on the non-anaesthetic effects of inhaled halogenic ethers on cells and tissues...
October 13, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034834/challenges-and-advances-in-gene-therapy-approaches-for-neurodegenerative-disorders
#11
Aneesh Donde, Philip C Wong, Liam L Chen
INTRODUCTION: The recent approval of Spinraza (nusinersen), an antisense oligonucleotide, by U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat patients with spinal muscular atrophy, has reignited interests of researchers in designing and testing new gene therapy approaches to treat neurological disorders, in particular, to curb neurodegenerative diseases of the central nervous system which represent an everincreasing public health burden to today's society. CONCLUSION: This review highlights several key factors to be taken into consideration to design successful preclinical and clinical gene therapy experiments with respect to the vehicle of delivery and the route of administration to CNS-specific targets, with an additional focus on antisense oligonucleotide therapy and recent clinical trial developments...
October 13, 2017: Current Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034826/voice-of-the-clinician-the-case-of-an-australian-health-system
#12
Mark J Lock, Amber L Stephenson, Jill Branford, Jonathan Roche, Marissa S Edwards, Kathleen Ryan
Purpose The Voice of the Clinician project commenced during an era when practitioner burnout, dissatisfaction, and turnover became an increasingly global health workforce concern. One key problem is clinical staff not being empowered to voice their concerns to decision-makers, as was found in this case study of an Australian public health organization. The following research question informed the present study: What is a better committee system for clinician engagement in decision-making processes? The paper aims to discuss this issue...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034230/resilient-health-system-as-conceptual-framework-for-strengthening-public-health-disaster-risk-management-an-african-viewpoint
#13
Olushayo Olu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034110/toll-like-receptor-4-dependent-inflammatory-responses-following-intestinal-colonization-of-secondary-abiotic-il10-deficient-mice-with-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#14
Anne Grunau, Ulrike Escher, Stefan Bereswill, Markus M Heimesaat
The rising incidences of infections with multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) have gained increasing attention in medicine, but also in the general public and global health politics. The mechanisms underlying opportunistic pathogen-host interactions are unclear, however. To address this, we challenged secondary abiotic IL10(-/-) mice deficient for Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4(-/-) × IL10(-/-)), the main receptor of the Gram-negative cell wall constituent lipopolysaccharide, with a clinical MDR PA isolate...
September 2017: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034093/sentinel-surveillance-of-influenza-like-illness-in-the-central-african-republic-2010-2015
#15
Alexandre Manirakiza, Marie-Yvette Batoumbou Ketta, Ulrich Vickos, Giscard Francis Komoyo, Sandra Garba-Ouangole, Colette Bangue, Edgar Djimbele, Ombretta Pasotti, Eugene Kanga, Eloi Nicaise Mboufoungou, Brice Martial Yambiyo, Kathleen Victoir, Jean-Chrysostome Gody, Mirdad Kazanji, Emmanuel Nakoune
BACKGROUND: Influenza-like illness (ILI) is an important public health problem worldwide. In the Central African Republic, acute infectious diseases are the commonest reason for consultation. The Institut Pasteur of Bangui set up a surveillance network in 2008 to monitor the circulation of influenza viruses. We report the results of use of this surveillance system during the period 2010-2015. METHODS: The first surveillance centre covered Bangui, the capital of the country, and neighbouring areas and epidemiological data on syndromes similar to ILI...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033888/concussion-as-a-multi-scale-complex-system-an-interdisciplinary-synthesis-of-current-knowledge
#16
REVIEW
Erin S Kenzie, Elle L Parks, Erin D Bigler, Miranda M Lim, James C Chesnutt, Wayne Wakeland
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been called "the most complicated disease of the most complex organ of the body" and is an increasingly high-profile public health issue. Many patients report long-term impairments following even "mild" injuries, but reliable criteria for diagnosis and prognosis are lacking. Every clinical trial for TBI treatment to date has failed to demonstrate reliable and safe improvement in outcomes, and the existing body of literature is insufficient to support the creation of a new classification system...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033801/heavy-drinking-in-college-students-is-associated-with-accelerated-gray-matter-volumetric-decline-over-a-2-year-period
#17
Shashwath A Meda, Alecia D Dager, Keith A Hawkins, Howard Tennen, Sarah Raskin, Rebecca M Wood, Carol S Austad, Carolyn R Fallahi, Godfrey D Pearlson
Background: Heavy and/or harmful alcohol use while in college is a perennial and significant public health issue. Despite the plethora of cross-sectional research suggesting deleterious effects of alcohol on the brain, there is a lack of literature investigating the longitudinal effects of alcohol consumption on the adolescent brain. We aim to probe the longitudinal effects of college drinking on gray matter change in students during this crucial neurodevelopmental period. Methods: Data were derived from the longitudinal Brain and Alcohol Research in College Students (BARCS) study of whom a subset underwent brain MRI scans at two time points 24 months apart...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033553/a-critical-analysis-of-national-policies-systems-and-structures-of-patient-empowerment-in-england-and-greece
#18
REVIEW
Markella Boudioni, Susan McLaren, Graham Lister
BACKGROUND: Comparison of patient empowerment (PE) policies in European countries can provide evidence for improvement and reform across different health systems. It may also influence patient and public involvement, patient experience, preference, and adherence. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare PE within national policies, systems, and structures in England and Greece for achieving integrated people-centered health services. METHODS: We performed a critical search and review of policy and legislation papers in English and Greek languages...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032775/noncommunicable-diseases-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-systematic-review-2011-2016
#19
Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Dyshelly Nurkartika Pascapurnama, Shinichi Egawa
OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including mental disorders, have become major threats to human health worldwide. People with NCDs are particularly vulnerable to disasters. We systematically reviewed reports describing studies of NCDs at the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) to clarify the circumstances of people with NCDs and to build strong measures to support them. METHODS: Relevant articles published from March 2011 through December 2016 were collected by searching the PubMed database (National Library of Medicine)...
October 16, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032759/predictable-and-preventable-historical-and-current-efforts-to-improve-child-injury-prevention
#20
Karen E Forward, Rod Lim, Eman Loubani
Childhood injuries are a global epidemic. Accidents resulting in childhood injury and death were first identified as a concern over a century ago. However, "accidents" leading to injury were not recognized as being predictable and preventable until more recently. Over the past seventy years, the concepts behind injury prevention were developed, and impressive reductions in childhood mortality were noted in countries such as Sweden, a world leader in multi-focal and targeted injury prevention strategies. Following their example, other countries have been called upon to improve and expand their injury prevention measures...
October 10, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
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