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Tomoyuki Miyao, Hiromasa Kaneko, Kimito Funatsu
Retrieving descriptor information (x information) from a value of an objective variable (y) is a fundamental problem in inverse quantitative structure-property relationship (inverse-QSPR) analysis but challenging because of the complexity of the preimage function. Herewith, we propose using a cluster-wise multiple linear regression (cMLR) model as a QSPR model for inverse-QSPR analysis. x information is acquired as a probability density function by combining cMLR and the prior distribution modeled with a mixture of Gaussians (GMMs)...
February 22, 2016: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
S M Elizarov, A V Gavrilina, V N Danilenko
A mutation to chloramphenicol resistance (Cmlr) stimulates production of macrolide avermectin in Streptomyces avermitilis; production starts in early stationary growth. By labeling in vivo, the Cmlr mutation was shown to stimulate phosphorylation of Ser and Thr in several proteins in the same growth phase. Autophosphorylation of active protein kinases (PK) was analyzed in gel after one- or two-dimensional PAGE for the original S. avermitilis strain ATCC 31272, its Cmlr mutant, and a Cmls revertant. An increase in in vivo phosphorylation was associated with an increase in autophosphorylation of Ser/Thr-PK 41K, 45K, 52K, 62K, and 85K and complete suppression of autophosphorylation of PK 66K...
May 2004: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
S M Elizarov, V A Mironov, V N Danilenko
The dynamics of serine/threonine protein kinase activity during the growth of the wild-type Streptomyces avermitilis strain and its chloramphenicol-resistant (Cmlr) pleiotropic mutant with an enhanced production of avermectins was studied by measuring the transfer of radiolabeled phosphate from [gamma-32P]ATP to the serine and threonine residues of proteins in cell-free extracts. In both of the strains studied, radiolabeled phosphate was found to incorporate into polypeptides with molecular masses of 32, 35, 41, 68, 75, 79, 83, and 137 kDa; however, the degree and the dynamics of phosphorylation of particular peptides were different in these strains...
May 2000: Mikrobiologiia
R J Leer, H Christiaens, W Verstraete, L Peters, M Posno, P H Pouwels
A chloramphenicol-resistance gene (cml) was introduced into the Lactobacillus plantarum gene encoding conjugated bile acid hydrolase (cbh) on a ColE1 replicon. This plasmid which is nonreplicative in Lactobacillus was used to transform L. plantarum strain 80. A homologous double cross-over recombination event resulted in replacement of the chromosomal cbh gene by the cml-containing cbh gene. The transformants obtained were unable to synthesize active conjugated bile acid hydrolase (Cbh). The Cbh- CmlR phenotype was stably maintained for more than 100 generations under nonselective conditions...
May 1993: Molecular & General Genetics: MGG
F Liu, H Yuan, K S Sugamori, A Hamadanizadeh, F J Lee, S F Pang, G M Brown, Z B Pristupa, H B Niznik
An approach based on homology probing was used to clone a partial cDNA encoding a novel melatonin (ML) receptor (MLR) from chicken (Gallus domesticus) brain. Based on available deduced amino-acid sequence, the chicken MLR (cMLR) displayed greater sequence homology to the frog (Xenopus) MLR than cloned human/mammalian receptors, with overall identities of 73% and 66%, respectively. In order to gain functional expression, a chimeric frog/chicken (flc)MLR was constructed in which the 5' end of the cMLR, including the N-terminus, TM1 and part of the first intracellular loop was substituted by fMLR sequence...
October 30, 1995: FEBS Letters
G Sermonti, L Lanfaloni, M R Micheli
Chloramphenicol resistance (Cmlr) of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) behaves like a transposon locus, not being localisable in any region of the map and yet being transferable in crosses at a rate comparable to that of chromosomal markers. It can also be transposed onto a plasmid (SCP1) and back to the chromosome. Some traits, such as arginino-succinate synthase production (ArgG), aerial mycelium formation (AmyA), resistance to tetracycline and to rifamycin C appear to be joined to Cml in three processes: co-mutation, i...
1983: Molecular & General Genetics: MGG
G Sermonti, L Lanfaloni, M R Micheli
The difficulty in mapping the gene for chloramphenicol resistance (cmlR) in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) stock strains is possibly due to its location on different sites of the chromosome in various mixed subclones. Fresh isolates from CmlR strains show single unequivocal locations of cmlR. The same holds for CmlR strains derived as revertants from CmlS variants. The two best established sites for cmlR are one between cysA and metA, the other at right of argA, possibly in the right empty arc of the map (Fig...
February 1980: Molecular & General Genetics: MGG
L I Starodubtseva, A S Taisova, V I Danilenko
The frequency of chloramphenicol-sensitive variants (Cmls) in Streptomyces lividans 66 is very high (0.57%). Correlation between chloramphenicol sensitivity and deamplification of PstI fragment with the length of 4.82 kb (RES1 genetic element) was shown. However, in some Cmls variants there was no RES1 deamplification. It was noted that in the cells of the Cmls variants isolated the levels of kanamycin and neomycin resistance determined by the Kanr determinant in the pSU17 plasmid were different. Expression of Kanr and Neor determinants inserted via pSU17 plasmid into the cells of Cmls variants was studied and three classes of chloramphenicol-sensitive variants were defined...
June 1989: Genetika
V A Fedorenko, L I Starodubtseva, S A Zavorotnaia, N D Lomovskaia, V N Danilenko
Among mutants of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) studied which were sensitive to chloramphenicol (Cmls), strains sensitive to a number of antibiotics (ristomycin, tetracycline, polymyxin, lincomycin) amount of 46%. Antibiotic-sensitive mutants are capable to form different classes of resistant revertants with frequency varying from 10(-2) to 10(-6) in independent strains. Ristomycin-sensitive clones (Rims) have been found to occur with high frequency in Cmls strains and Cmlr revertants. Mutations mediating the Rims phenotype are mapped in a locus linked to the gene for resistance to chloramphenicol...
April 1989: Genetika
R F Freeman, M J Bibb, D A Hopwood
Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and S. lividans 66, which lack chloramphenicol acetyltraferase, gave rise to vhloramphenicol-sensitive (CmlS) variants spontaneously at frequencies of 0-5 to 2%. The fertility type of S. coelicolor in respect of the SCPI plasmid (SCPI+, SCPI- or NF) had no effect on chloramphenicol sensitivity or on the frequency at which CmlS variants arose. CmlS isolates spontaneously reverted to CmlR at frequencies one to three orders of magnitude lower than the frequency with which CmlS strains arose from CmlR...
February 1977: Journal of General Microbiology
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