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Mi arthroplasty post operative

Bin Feng, Jin Lin, Jin Jin, Wenwei Qian, Shiliang Cao, Xisheng Weng
BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery revascularization therapies are effective for treating coronary artery disease (CAD), these patients may be more susceptible to adverse cardiac events during later non-cardiac surgeries. The purpose of this study is to evaluate post-operative 90-day complications of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in CAD patients with a history of CAD and to study the risk factors for cardiac complications. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of TJA patients between 2005 and 2015 at our institute by summarizing the history of CAD, cardiac revascularization, and cardiac complications within 90 days after the operation...
January 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
J Ryan Martin, Keith A Fehring, Chad D Watts, Daniel L Levy, Bryan D Springer, Raymond H Kim
BACKGROUND: Semi-constrained, or varus-valgus constrained, implants are occasionally necessary to achieve stability in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, outcomes with these implants are largely unknown. Therefore, the primary goals of this study were to determine 1) can we identify preoperatively which patients might require a semi-constrained implant and 2) are there any clinical and or radiographic differences for those that require a semi-constrained implant? METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was performed to retrospectively review patients that had a Stryker Triathlon (Kalamazoo, MI) TKA with a Total Stabilized (TS) tibial insert (n=75)...
May 30, 2017: Knee
Christina A Minami, Catherine R Sheils, Emily Pavey, Jeanette W Chung, Jonah J Stulberg, David D Odell, Anthony D Yang, David J Bentrem, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: The US medical malpractice system assumes that the threat of liability should deter negligence, but it is unclear whether malpractice environment affects health care quality. We sought to explore the association between state malpractice environment and postoperative complication rates. STUDY DESIGN: This observational study included Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries undergoing one of the following operations in 2010: colorectal, lung, esophageal, or pancreatic resection, total knee arthroplasty, craniotomy, gastric bypass, abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, coronary artery bypass grafting, or cystectomy...
March 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Sun-Young Cho, Ho-Joong Youn, Mi-Youn Park, Byung-Ju Shim, Seung-Jae Lee, Jeong-Ho Kim, Jung-Ku Park, Chang-Yul Oh, So-Hyun Ahn, Woo-Hyun Cho
Patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty frequently develop post-operative complication, such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism. However, it is not common coexisting deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolisms, right atrial thrombus and acute cerebral infarction raised by thrombus through patent foramen ovale. We reported the patient who had multiple thrombi which were accompanied with a cryptogenic ischemic stroke and associated with patent foramen ovale after operation.
September 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
G Wallace, A Judge, D Prieto-Alhambra, F de Vries, N K Arden, C Cooper
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of obesity on 6-month post-operative complications following total knee (TKR) or hip (THR) replacement. DESIGN: Data for patients undergoing first THR or TKR between 1995 and 2011 was taken from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Logistic regression was used to assess whether body mass index (BMI) was associated with 6-month post-operative complications [deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (DVT/PE), myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, respiratory infection, anaemia, wound infection, urinary tract infection or death] after controlling for the effects of age, gender, smoking, drinking, socio-economic status (SES), co-morbidities and medications...
July 2014: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
M Hossain, J G Andrew
INTRODUCTION: Although cemented implants have proven beneficial over uncemented implants for treatment of displaced sub-capital proximal femoral fractures, there are concerns regarding the haemodynamic consequence of using cemented implants in hip fracture patients. National Patient Safety Agency recently issued an alert regarding the use of cement in hip fracture surgery. We compared the incidence and pattern of 48 h perioperative mortality between patients receiving cemented and uncemented implants after hip fracture surgery...
December 2012: Injury
Yan Wang, Xuesong Zhang, Songhua Xiao, Ning Lu, Zheng Wang, Mi Zhou
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical effects and manual operational point of Bryan cervical disc prosthesis in Chinese, to observe the stability and range of movement (ROM) post-operatively. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2003,12 to 2005,12, Bryan disc prosthesis replacement applied in 83 cases (102 levels) of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) after anterior decompression in our hospital. Clinical (JOA grade and Odom's scale) and radiological (X-ray of flexion, extension; left and right bending position) follow-up was performed...
November 4, 2006: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
D Bennett, L Ogonda, D Elliott, L Humphreys, D E Beverland
Minimally invasive (MI) total hip replacement (THR) supposedly provides improved ambulation in the immediate post-operative period. This study used a prospective blinded design to analyse early post-operative walking ability using gait analysis. Seventeen patients were available for full analysis with nine having had the MI technique and eight having the standard incision (SI) technique. Patients were blinded as to the incision used, as were all physiotherapists and assessors. Differences in temporal-spatial variables and joint kinematics measured 1 day pre-operatively, 2 days post-operatively and 42 days (6 weeks) post-operatively were compared between groups...
April 2006: Gait & Posture
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