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Asperger psychology

Herwig Czech
Background: Hans Asperger (1906-1980) first designated a group of children with distinct psychological characteristics as 'autistic psychopaths' in 1938, several years before Leo Kanner's famous 1943 paper on autism. In 1944, Asperger published a comprehensive study on the topic (submitted to Vienna University in 1942 as his postdoctoral thesis), which would only find international acknowledgement in the 1980s. From then on, the eponym 'Asperger's syndrome' increasingly gained currency in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the conceptualization of the condition...
2018: Molecular Autism
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Steven Randall Chesnut, Todd D Little
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
Liliana Dell'Osso, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Ilenia Moroni, Claudia Carmassi, Mario Maj
Growing interest has recently been devoted to partial forms of autism, lying at the diagnostic boundaries of those conditions previously diagnosed as Asperger's Disorder. This latter includes an important retrieval of the European classical psychopathological concepts of adult autism to which Hans Asperger referred in his work. Based on the review of Asperger's Autistische Psychopathie , from first descriptions through the DSM-IV Asperger's Disorder and up to the recent DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder, the paper aims to propose a Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model that encompasses not only threshold-level manifestations but also mild/atypical symptoms, gender-specific features, behavioral manifestations and personality traits associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Peter E Langdon, Glynis H Murphy, Lee Shepstone, Edward C F Wilson, David Fowler, David Heavens, Aida Malovic, Alexandra Russell, Alice Rose, Louise Mullineaux
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in using cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) with people who have Asperger syndrome and comorbid mental health problems. AIMS: To examine whether modified group CBT for clinically significant anxiety in an Asperger syndrome population is feasible and likely to be efficacious. METHOD: Using a randomised assessor-blind trial, 52 individuals with Asperger syndrome were randomised into a treatment arm or a waiting-list control arm...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
Belinda M Keenan, Louise K Newman, Kylie M Gray, Nicole J Rinehart
There has been limited study of the relationship between child attachment and caregiver wellbeing amongst children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined self-reported child attachment quality alongside caregivers' report of their own psychological distress, parenting stress and attachment style, amongst 24 children with high-functioning autism or Asperger's disorder (ASD; aged 7-14 years) and 24 typically developing children (aged 7-12 years), and their primary caregiver. Children with ASD were no less secure, but their caregivers were more stressed and reported more attachment-related anxiety, compared to typically developing dyads...
September 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Rei Wake, Tsuyoshi Miyaoka, Motohide Furuya, Sadayuki Hashioka, Jun Horiguchi
A neuropsychiatric syndrome, Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is qualified via impairments in qualitative communication, social interaction, and stereotyped or restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. While all ASDs are considered to have qualitative deficits in social relatedness to others, many people with ASDs have other symptoms, including irritability (which includes aggression, self-injurious behavior, and severe tantrums). In order to decrease these behaviors, it is often helpful to make use of behavioral therapy...
2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
D Grimm, B Assouline, A Piero
INTRODUCTION: Autism Spectrum Disorders belong to Pervasive Development Disorders. Although access to education is recommended by the French National High Authority for Health (HAS), the practice remains limited and the reasons for the low education rate of these children have still not been sufficiently explored in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to analyze the links between Autism Spectrum Disorder without mental retardation, psychiatric comorbidity and education...
December 2015: L'Encéphale
Lieve Thienpont, Monica Verhofstadt, Tony Van Loon, Wim Distelmans, Kurt Audenaert, Peter P De Deyn
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns in euthanasia requests and practices relating to psychiatric patients; to generate recommendations for future research. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data obtained through medical file review. SETTING: Outpatient psychiatric clinical setting in the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium, between October 2007 and December 2011; follow-up at the end of December 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 100 consecutive psychiatric patients requesting euthanasia based on psychological suffering associated with psychiatric disorders (77 women, 23 men; mean age 47 years; age range 21-80 years)...
2015: BMJ Open
Thomas Clarke, Anna Tickle, Alinda Gillott
BACKGROUND: Recent research has suggested that the prevalence of problematic substance use within the Asperger syndrome population has previously been underestimated. Furthermore, there is some indication that problematic substance use might take place to manage the traits of Asperger syndrome; however this possibility has yet to be examined in detail. This study aimed to address this omission by exploring individuals' perceptions of their substance use in relation to their diagnosis of Asperger syndrome...
January 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Wiebke Hoffmann, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Katja Becker, Inge Kamp-Becker
OBJECTIVE: Various different questionnaires are available for the screening of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). These screening instruments show high sensitivity and are able to identify a large number of individuals with ASD, but they lack the specificity to differentiate individuals with ASD from those children and adolescents with other complex neurobehavioural disorders (such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, emotional disorders, and others), especially for those without intellectual disabilities...
May 2015: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
A von Gontard, M Pirrung, J Niemczyk, M Equit
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and incontinence (nocturnal enuresis (NE), daytime urinary incontinence (DUI), fecal incontinence (FI)) are relevant disorders in childhood. In general, children with special needs such as intellectual disability (ID) or ASD are more often affected by incontinence than typically developing children. OBJECTIVE: In the few studies conducted on children with ASD, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms have received more attention than NE, DUI and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Tippawan Hansakunachai, Rawiwan Roongpraiwan, Tasnawat Sombuntham, Pornprot Limprasert, Nichara Ruangdaraganon
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children. The clinical spectrum of ASD includes autism, childhood disintegrative disorder Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Although the DSM-IVcriteria are well acceptedforASD diagnosis, there are some known limitations for clinicians. The most important issue is lack'ofspecific age-appropriate items in each domain. Thus, the DSM-IVneeds some modifications in order to be appropriate for clinical use...
August 2014: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Tove Lugnegård, Maria Unenge Hallerbäck, Christopher Gillberg
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, the differential diagnosis of Asperger syndrome (AS) versus schizophrenia can be a challenge. Some self-report instruments-such as the Autism-spectrum Quotient (AQ)-have been portrayed as proxies for the diagnosis of AS. However, it has not been demonstrated to what extent autistic traits-as measured by the AQ-separate AS from schizophrenia. AIM: To examine the AS-schizophrenia discriminating ability of the AQ. METHOD: The AQ is a 50-item self-administered questionnaire (with score range 0-50) for measuring "autistic traits" in adults...
May 2015: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Bernd Meyenburg
In many children and adolescents with gender dysphoria only minor or no psychopathology is found. 43% of patients seen in the Frankfurt University Gender Identity Clinic for children and adolescents suffer from major psychopathology. To demonstrate difficulties in treatment of these patients courses of treatment in four such patients are presented. In two natal females major psychopathology made decision for reassignment very difficult. Two natal males were in addition not able to follow recommended treatment steps, in these patients diagnostic doubts arose...
2014: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Elisabeth M Dykens, Marisa H Fisher, Julie Lounds Taylor, Warren Lambert, Nancy Miodrag
BACKGROUND: Compared with other parents, mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder or other neurodevelopmental disabilities experience more stress, illness, and psychiatric problems. Although the cumulative stress and disease burden of these mothers is exceptionally high, and associated with poorer outcomes in children, policies and practices primarily serve the identified child with disabilities. METHODS: A total of 243 mothers of children with disabilities were consented and randomized into either Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (mindfulness practice) or Positive Adult Development (positive psychology practice)...
August 2014: Pediatrics
Dougal J Hare, Christopher Wood, Sarah Wastell, Paul Skirrow
Anxiety is a major problem for many people with Asperger's syndrome who may have qualitatively different fears from a non-Asperger's syndrome population. Research has relied on measures developed for non-Asperger's syndrome populations that require reporting past experiences of anxiety, which may confound assessment in people with Asperger's syndrome due to problems with autobiographical memory as are often reported in this group.Experience sampling methodology was used to record real-time everyday experiences in 20 adults with Asperger's syndrome and 20 neurotypical adults...
July 2015: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Vivian Sisskin, Samantha Wasilus
Atypical disfluency is a frustrating but little addressed clinical problem. The purpose of this article and case study was to summarize what is known about atypical fluency profiles and to describe the presenting behaviors and successful treatment of an unusual fluency profile (numerous word-final syllable repetitions) in a school-aged child. To this end, we describe the speech fluency and associated communication characteristics of a young boy diagnosed with Asperger disorder who was between 7;2 and 8;0 when seen for evaluation and treatment...
May 2014: Seminars in Speech and Language
Nitin Garg, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Children with allergic disease have multiple risk factors for accidental injuries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of injuries requiring medical treatment in US children with allergic disease. METHODS: The authors analyzed data from the 2007 to 2008 National Survey of Children's Health, including a nationally representative sample of 27,556 children 0 to 5 years old. RESULTS: The prevalence (95% confidence interval [CI]) of at least 1 allergic disease was 29...
June 2014: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
L O Smith, J H Elder, E A Storch, M A Rowe
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be a stressor for family members yet there is little published research on the impact of having a child with ASD on their typically developing (TD) adolescent siblings. According to Antonovsky's salutogenic model, a strong sense of coherence leads to the view that the stressor is a manageable challenge rather than a burden and promotes healthier adaptation. This study examines the relationship between stress, TD sibling resources and the sense of coherence in TD siblings...
January 2015: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
N M Iovchuk, A A Severnyĭ
Based on the analysis of literature and own clinical experience, we discuss diagnostic issues of early autistic disorders in children. Main differential-diagnostic signs that permit to differentiate mild forms of autism in childhood diagnosed as Asperger's syndrome from childhood schizophrenia, residual organic CNS damage, circular affective disorders are described. Cases of Asperger's syndrome followed up for many years and recommendations for social and psychological adaptation of children and adolescents with Asperger's syndrome in different age periods are presented...
2014: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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