keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793102/joint-attention-in-down-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura J Hahn, Susan J Loveall, Madison T Savoy, Allie M Neumann, Toshikazu Ikuta
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated that joint attention may be a relative strength in Down syndrome (DS), but other studies have not. AIM: To conduct a meta-analysis of joint attention in DS to more conclusively determine if this is a relative strength or weakness when compared to children with typical development (TD), developmental disabilities (DD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Journal articles published before September 13, 2016, were identified by using the search terms "Down syndrome" and "joint attention" or "coordinating attention"...
May 21, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785838/learning-and-processing-abstract-words-and-concepts-insights-from-typical-and-atypical-development
#2
Gabriella Vigliocco, Marta Ponari, Courtenay Norbury
The paper describes two plausible hypotheses concerning the learning of abstract words and concepts. According to a first hypothesis, children would learn abstract words by extracting co-occurrences among words in linguistic input, using, for example, mechanisms as described by models of Distributional Semantics. According to a second hypothesis, children would exploit the fact that abstract words tend to have more emotional associations than concrete words to infer that they refer to internal/mental states...
May 21, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784657/autism-spectrum-disorder-advances-in-diagnosis-and-evaluation
#3
REVIEW
Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Melanie Penner
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a variety of causes, and its clinical expression is generally associated with substantial disability throughout the lifespan. Recent advances have led to earlier diagnosis, and deep phenotyping efforts focused on high risk infants have helped advance the characterization of early behavioral trajectories. Moreover, biomarkers that measure early structural and functional connectivity, visual orienting, and other biological processes have shown promise in detecting the risk of autism spectrum disorder even before the emergence of overt behavioral symptoms...
May 21, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783181/autistic-traits-in-epilepsy-models-why-when-and-how
#4
REVIEW
Jana Velíšková, Jill L Silverman, Melissa Benson, Pierre-Pascal Lenck-Santini
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common comorbidity of epilepsy and seizures and/or epileptiform activity are observed in a significant proportion of ASD patients. Current research also implies that autistic traits can be observed to a various degree in mice and rats with seizures. This suggests that there are shared mechanisms in both ASD and epilepsy syndromes. Here, we first review the standard, validated methods used to assess autistic traits in animal models as well as their limitations with regards to epilepsy models...
May 18, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780303/closed-loop-deep-brain-stimulation-for-ptsd-addiction-and-disorders-of-affective-facial-interpretation-review-and-discussion-of-potential-biomarkers-and-stimulation-paradigms
#5
REVIEW
Robert W Bina, Jean-Phillipe Langevin
The treatment of psychiatric diseases with Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is becoming more of a reality as studies proliferate the indications and targets for therapies. Opinions on the initial failures of DBS trials for some psychiatric diseases point to a certain lack of finesse in using an Open Loop DBS (OLDBS) system in these dynamic, cyclical pathologies. OLDBS delivers monomorphic input into dysfunctional brain circuits with modulation of that input via human interface at discrete time points with no interim modulation or adaptation to the changing circuit dynamics...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778930/measurement-properties-of-tools-used-to-assess-suicidality-in-autistic-and-general-population-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
S A Cassidy, L Bradley, E Bowen, S Wigham, J Rodgers
Adults diagnosed with autism are at significantly increased risk of suicidal thoughts, suicidal behaviours and dying by suicide. However, it is unclear whether any validated tools are currently available to effectively assess suicidality in autistic adults in research and clinical practice. This is crucial for understanding and preventing premature death by suicide in this vulnerable group. This two stage systematic review therefore aimed to identify tools used to assess suicidality in autistic and general population adults, evaluate these tools for their appropriateness and measurement properties, and make recommendations for appropriate selection of suicidality assessment tools in research and clinical practice...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778739/antenatal-ultrasound-value-in-risk-calculation-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-to-support-future-research
#7
REVIEW
Francesca Fulceri, Andrea Guzzetta, Argyro Athanasiadou, Laura Iaconianni, Maria Luisa Scattoni
There is a growing research interest on the antenatal features of children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Indeed, it has been proved that the neurodevelopment is, at least partly, affected by processes occurring in fetal life and that the early neurodevelopmental disorders identification is essential to optimize long-term outcomes. This systematic review aims to summarize findings on antenatal ultrasound data, which are or might be considered early risk indexes of postnatal social impairments. We conducted systematic searches in Pubmed and PsychINFO databases to identify studies including fetal ultrasound measurements and postnatal neurodevelopmental outcome assessment...
May 17, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777730/understanding-facial-expressivity-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-inside-out-review-of-the-biological-basis-and-clinical-implications
#8
REVIEW
Stephen I Deutsch, C Teal Raffaele
Deficits in decoding and understanding facially expressed emotions occur commonly in persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which contribute to the impairment of social communication that serves as one of its core diagnostic criteria. Research suggests that abnormalities of visual scanning of the face, activation of key nodes within the "social brain" by facially expressed emotions, functional connectivity within and between nodes of the "social brain", and transduction of specific neurotransmitter/neuromodulatory signals contribute to the pathogenesis of these deficits in at least some persons with ASD...
May 16, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777471/the-association-between-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-psychological-distress-in-their-parents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Isabel Yorke, Pippa White, Amelia Weston, Monica Rafla, Tony Charman, Emily Simonoff
This review (Prospero Registration Number: CRD42017057915) aimed to systematically identify and summarize existing research on the relationship between additional emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) in children with autism, and parenting stress (PS) and mental health problems (MHP) in their parents. Sixty-seven studies met criteria for inclusion in the review, 61 of which were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled correlation coefficients were in the low to moderate range ([Formula: see text]). Some evidence for moderation by measurement characteristics was found...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774207/overview-of-social-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-rare-developmental-syndromes-with-psychiatric-phenotype
#10
REVIEW
Aurore Morel, Elodie Peyroux, Arnaud Leleu, Emilie Favre, Nicolas Franck, Caroline Demily
Rare neurodevelopmental syndromes often present social cognitive deficits that may underlie difficulties in social interactions and increase the risk of psychosis or autism spectrum disorders. However, little is known regarding the specificities of social cognitive impairment across syndromes while it remains a major challenge for the care. Our review provides an overview of social cognitive dysfunctions in rare diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms (with a prevalence estimated between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 25,000 live births: 22q11...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#11
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773050/the-importance-of-complying-with-vaccination-protocols-in-developed-countries-anti-vax-hysteria-and-the-spread-of-severe-preventable-diseases
#12
Franco Pandolfi, Laura Franza, Laura Todi, Valentina Carusi, Michele Centrone, Alessandro Bonomo, Estelle E Newton, Domenico Schiavino, Eleonora Nucera
BACKGROUND: Vaccines are very effective medical tools for disease prevention and life span increase. Controversies have raised concern about their safety, from autism to polio vaccine contamination with simian virus 40 (SV-40). Hysteria surrounding vaccine-associated risks has resulted in a declining number of vaccinations in developed countries. Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases (e.g. measles) have occurred in Europe and North America, causing also some causalities. OBJECTIVES: In this review, data on safety and efficacy of vaccines are discussed, showing that the benefits of vaccines far outweigh the risks and that it is important to comply with vaccination protocols, to avoid spreading of severe, preventable diseases...
May 17, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772935/the-effects-of-literacy-interventions-on-single-word-reading-for-individuals-who-use-aided-aac-a-systematic-review
#13
Kelsey Mandak, Janice Light, Susannah Boyle
The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of instruction on single-word reading of individuals who use aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). A systematic search identified nine single-case experimental design studies that involved 24 individuals who used aided AAC. Overall, the evidence indicated that instruction had positive effects on reading at the single-word level for individuals across ages and diagnostic categories (i.e., autism spectrum disorder (ASD), cerebral palsy (CP), Down syndrome, and intellectual disability)...
May 18, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764710/a-systematic-review-to-explore-the-feasibility-of-a-behavioural-sleep-intervention-for-insomnia-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-transdiagnostic-approach
#14
REVIEW
Gabrielle Rigney, Nicole S Ali, Penny V Corkum, Cary A Brown, Evelyn Constantin, Roger Godbout, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Osman Ipsiroglu, Graham J Reid, Sarah Shea, Isabel M Smith, Hendrik F M Van der Loos, Shelly K Weiss
Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) are at high risk for sleep problems, especially insomnia. It is currently not known whether behavioural sleep interventions developed for typically developing (TD) children are effective for children with NDD, and if interventions need to be modified for each diagnostic group. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate commonalities, trends in outcomes, and the methodological quality of parent-delivered behavioural sleep interventions for children with NDD, specifically Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Cerebral Palsy, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder...
March 31, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763658/event-related-potential-analysis-techniques-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Priyalakshmi Sheela, Subha D Puthankattil
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) comprise all pervasive neurodevelopmental diseases marked by deficits in social and communication skills, delayed cognitive development, restricted and repetitive behaviors. The core symptoms begin in early childhood, may continue life-long resulting in poor performance in adult stage. Event-related potential (ERP) is basically a time-locked electroencephalogram signal elicited by various stimuli, related to sensory and cognitive processes. The various ERP based techniques used for the study of ASD are considered in this review...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763350/fluoride-exposure-in-early-life-as-the-possible-root-cause-of-disease-in-later-life
#16
Tetsuo Nakamoto, H Ralph Rawls
Fluoride, one of the most celebrated ingredients for the prevention of dental caries in the 20th century, has also been controversial for its use in dentifrices and other applications. In the current review, we have concentrated primarily on early-life exposure to fluoride and how it may affect the various organs. The most recent controversial aspects of fluoride are related to toxicity of the developing brain and how it may possibly result in the decrease of intelligence quotient (IQ), autism, and calcification of the pineal gland...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762307/parents-and-guardians-experiences-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-accessing-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnostic-services-for-their-children-a-systematic-review-protocol-of-qualitative-evidence
#17
Joanne Smith-Young, Cynthia Murray, Michelle Swab
What are parents' and guardians' experiences of barriers and facilitators in accessing autism spectrum disorder diagnostic services for their children?
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761539/-fat-is-really-a-four-letter-word-exploring-weight-related-communication-best-practices-in-children-with-and-without-disabilities-and-their-caregivers
#18
A C McPherson, T J Knibbe, M Oake, J A Swift, N Browne, G D C Ball, J Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals play a critical role in preventing and managing childhood obesity, but the American Academy of Pediatrics recently stressed the importance of using sensitive and nonstigmatizing language when discussing weight with children and families. Although barriers to weight-related discussions are well known, there are few evidence-based recommendations around communication best practices. Disability populations in particular have previously been excluded from work in this area...
May 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760771/systematic-review-cultural-adaptation-and-feasibility-of-screening-for-autism-in-non-english-speaking-countries
#19
REVIEW
Turkiya S Al Maskari, Craig A Melville, Diane S Willis
Background: Screening children for autism has gained wider acceptance within clinical practice, and early intervention has improved outcomes. Increasingly, adapting an existing screening instrument is a common, fast method to create a usable screening tool, especially for countries with limited resources and/or expertise. However, concerns have been raised regarding adaptation adequacy and the feasibility of screening across cultural groups. This study systematically examined the levels of cultural adaptation and feasibility aspects considered when screening for autism in non-English speaking countries to build upon the sparse knowledge that exists on this topic in the literature...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755383/seeing-more-than-human-autism-and-anthropomorphic-theory-of-mind
#20
REVIEW
Gray Atherton, Liam Cross
Theory of mind (ToM) is defined as the process of taking another's perspective. Anthropomorphism can be seen as the extension of ToM to non-human entities. This review examines the literature concerning ToM and anthropomorphism in relation to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), specifically addressing the questions of how and why those on the spectrum both show an increased interest for anthropomorphism and may even show improved ToM abilities when judging the mental states of anthropomorphic characters...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
94200
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"