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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929238/nuclease-integrated-kinase-super-assemblies-niks-and-their-role-in-rna-processing
#1
REVIEW
Monica C Pillon, Robin E Stanley
Here we highlight the Grc3/Las1 complex, an essential RNA processing machine that is well conserved across eukaryotes and required for processing the pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA). Las1 is an endoribonuclease that cleaves the pre-rRNA while Grc3 is a polynucleotide kinase that phosphorylates the Las1-cleaved RNA product. Recently we showed that Grc3 and Las1 assemble into a higher-order complex composed of a dimer of Grc3/Las1 heterodimers that is required for nuclease and kinase activity. Unexpectedly, we found that the Grc3/Las1 complex draws numerous parallels with two other eukaryotic nucleases, Ire1 and RNase L...
September 19, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929027/the-role-of-polycarbonate-monomer-bisphenol-a-in-insulin-resistance
#2
Milos Pjanic
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic unit of polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins, the types of plastics that could be found in essentially every human population and incorporated into almost every aspect of the modern human society. BPA polymers appear in a wide range of products, from liquid storages (plastic bottles, can and glass linings, water pipes and tanks) and food storages (plastics wraps and containers), to medical and dental devices. BPA polymers could be hydrolyzed spontaneously or in a photo- or temperature-catalyzed process, providing widespread environmental distribution and chronic exposure to the BPA monomer in contemporary human populations...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928362/analysis-of-the-pressure-requirements-for-silk-spinning-reveals-a-pultrusion-dominated-process
#3
James Sparkes, Chris Holland
Silks are remarkable materials with desirable mechanical properties, yet the fine details of natural production remain elusive and subsequently inaccessible to biomimetic strategies. Improved knowledge of the natural processes could therefore unlock development of a host of bio inspired fibre spinning systems. Here, we use the Chinese silkworm Bombyx mori to review the pressure requirements for natural spinning and discuss the limits of a biological extrusion domain. This provides a target for finite element analysis of the flow of silk proteins, with the aim of bringing the simulated and natural domains into closer alignment...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926910/removal-of-selected-nitrogenous-heterocyclic-compounds-in-biologically-pretreated-coal-gasification-wastewater-bpcgw-using-the-catalytic-ozonation-process-combined-with-the-two-stage-membrane-bioreactor-mbr
#4
Hao Zhu, Yuxing Han, Wencheng Ma, Hongjun Han, Weiwei Ma
Three identical anoxic-aerobic membrane bioreactors (MBRs) were operated in parallel for 300 consecutive days for raw (R1), ozonated (R2) and catalytic ozonated (R3) biologically pretreated coal gasification wastewater (BPCGW) treatment. The results demonstrated that catalytic ozonation process (COP) applied asa pretreatment remarkably improved the performance of the unsatisfactory single MBR. The overall removal efficiencies of COD, NH3-N and TN in R3 were 92.7%, 95.6% and 80.6%, respectively. In addition, typical nitrogenous heterocyclic compounds (NHCs) of quinoline, pyridine and indole were completely removed in the integrated process...
September 6, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926067/3-aminoperylene-and-ascorbate-in-aqueous-sds-one-green-laser-flash-%C3%A2-and-action-sustainably-detoxifying-a-recalcitrant-chloro-organic
#5
Tim Kohlmann, Robert Naumann, Christoph Kerzig, Martin Goez
The hydrated electron represents a "super-reductant" in water, providing 2.9 eV of reductive power, which suffices to decompose nonactivated aliphatic halides. We show that 3-amino-perylene in SDS micelles, when combined with the bioavailable ascorbate as an extramicellar sacrificial donor, sustainably produces hydrated electrons through photoredox catalysis with green light, from a metal-free system, and at near-physiological pH. Photoionization of the amine with a 532 nm laser yields an extremely long-lived radical cation as the by-product, and a subsequent reaction of the latter with the sacrificial donor across the micelle/water interface regenerates the catalyst...
September 19, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925539/expression-and-functional-proteomic-analyses-of-osteocytes-from-xenopus-laevis-tested-under-mechanical-stress-conditions-preliminary-observations-on-an-appropriate-new-animal-model
#6
Jessika Bertacchini, Marta Benincasa, Marta Checchi, Francesco Cavani, Alberto Smargiassi, Marzia Ferretti, Carla Palumbo
Hitherto, the role of the osteocyte as transducer of mechanical stimuli into biological signals is far from settled. In this study, we used an appropriate model represented by the cortex of Xenopus laevis long bone diaphysis lacking (unlike the mammalian one) of vascular structures and containing only osteocytes inside the bone matrix. These structural features allow any change of protein profile that might be observed upon different experimental conditions, such as bone adaptation to stress/mechanical loading, to be ascribed specifically to osteocytes...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925498/electronic-diary-for-recording-headaches-triggers-and-medication-use-development-and-evaluation
#7
Siavash Bandarian-Balooch, Paul R Martin, Brenton McNally, Arissa Brunelli, Sharon Mackenzie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an e-diary developed for measuring headaches, triggers, and medication consumption, in terms of reliability and validity, and variables such as ease of use and participant compliance. BACKGROUND: For many decades, behavioral treatment of headaches has been evaluated via participants completing paper diaries recording their headaches and associated phenomena. There is some limited evidence supporting the reliability and validity of paper diaries, and criticisms have been offered such as the large amount of effort involved for both participants and researchers...
September 19, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925145/-research-on-optimal-modeling-strategy-for-licorice-extraction-process-based-on-near-infrared-spectroscopy-technology
#8
Hai-Xia Wang, Tong-Chuan Suo, He-Shui Yu, Zheng Li
The manufacture of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) products is always accompanied by processing complex raw materials and real-time monitoring of the manufacturing process. In this study, we investigated different modeling strategies for the extraction process of licorice. Near-infrared spectra associate with the extraction time was used to detemine the states of the extraction processes. Three modeling approaches, i.e., principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares regression (PLSR) and parallel factor analysis-PLSR (PARAFAC-PLSR), were adopted for the prediction of the real-time status of the process...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924871/investigating-the-behavior-of-binding-properties-between-dissolved-organic-matter-dom-and-pb-ii-during-the-soil-sorption-process-using-parallel-factor-analysis-parafac-and-two-dimensional-correlation-spectroscopy-2d-cos
#9
Ying Zhang, Yifan Wang, Xinyuan Zhang, Ruizhen Li, Yukun Chen, Qingjuan Meng
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is the most active component in an environmental system. It can influence the chemical and structural characteristics of soil. In this work, three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy, parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC), and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) integrated with synchronous fluorescence were used to explore the interaction between soil-derived DOM and Pb(II) during the soil sorption process. According to the data of batch sorption experiments, the adsorbing capacities of soil, soil + 5 mL DOM, and soil + 10 mL DOM were 16...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924007/multiple-signaling-pathways-coordinately-regulate-forgetting-of-olfactory-adaptation-through-control-of-sensory-responses-in-c-elegans
#10
Tomohiro Kitazono, Sayuri Hara-Kuge, Osamu Matsuda, Akitoshi Inoue, Manabi Fujiwara, Takeshi Ishihara
Forgetting memories is important for animals to properly respond to continuously changing environments. To elucidate the mechanisms of forgetting, we used one of the behavioral plasticities of C. elegans hermaphrodite, olfactory adaptation to an attractive odorant, diacetyl, as a simple model of learning. In C. elegans, the TIR-1/JNK-1 pathway accelerates forgetting of olfactory adaptation by facilitating neural secretion from AWC sensory neurons. In this study, to identify the downstream effectors of the TIR-1/JNK-1 pathway, we conducted a genetic screen for suppressors of the gain-of-function mutant of tir-1 (ok1052), which shows excessive forgetting...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923156/functional-constructivism-in-search-of-formal-descriptors
#11
Irina Trofimova
The Functional Constructivism (FC) paradigm is an alternative to behaviorism and considers behavior as being generated every time anew, based on an individual's capacities, environmental resources and demands. Walter Freeman's work provided us with evidence supporting the FC principles. In this paper we make parallels between gradual construction processes leading to the formation of individual behavior and habits, and evolutionary processes leading to the establishment of biological systems. Referencing evolutionary theory, several formal descriptors of such processes are proposed...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922994/two-attributes-of-number-meaning
#12
Michael Wiemers, Harold Bekkering, Oliver Lindemann
Many studies demonstrated interactions between number processing and either spatial codes (effects of spatial-numerical associations) or visual size-related codes (size-congruity effect). However, the interrelatedness of these two number couplings is still unclear. The present study examines the simultaneous occurrence of space- and size-numerical congruency effects and their interactions both within and across trials. In a magnitude judgment task physically small or large digits were presented left or right from screen center...
July 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922617/training-the-next-generation-of-biobankers-a-two-year-master-s-course-in-the-management-of-biobanks
#13
Emmanuelle Gormally, Isabelle Hardy, Elodie Caboux, Jeanne-Hélène di Donato, Pierre Hainaut, Paul Hofman
The growing complexity of biobanking requires dedicated professional staff who are trained in multiple aspects of the biobanking process, including technical, managerial, regulatory, and ethical aspects, and who have a good understanding of the challenges of biospecimen research, but also of the challenges related to the sustainability of future biobanks. Up to the present, biobanking staff have been trained in an ad-hoc manner, usually through specific short duration courses, for example, summer schools. In this article, we describe the development/establishment of a systematic 2-year training program at the Master level intended for students with a background in life sciences and providing them with a professional qualification as a "Biobank Manager...
September 18, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922165/the-gastrointestinal-brain-axis-in-humans-as-an-evolutionary-advance-of-the-root-leaf-axis-in-plants-a-hypothesis-linking-quantum-effects-of-light-on-serotonin-and-auxin
#14
Lucio Tonello, Bekim Gashi, Alessandro Scuotto, Glenda Capello, Massimo Cocchi, Fabio Gabrielli, Jack A Tuszynski
Living organisms tend to find viable strategies under ambient conditions that optimize their search for, and utilization of, life-sustaining resources. For plants, a leading role in this process is performed by auxin, a plant hormone that drives morphological development, dynamics, and movement to optimize the absorption of light (through branches and leaves) and chemical "food" (through roots). Similarly to auxin in plants, serotonin seems to play an important role in higher animals, especially humans. Here, it is proposed that morphological and functional similarities between (i) plant leaves and the animal/human brain and (ii) plant roots and the animal/human gastro-intestinal tract have general features in common...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922122/semi-automatic-generation-of-stream-surfaces-via-sketching
#15
Jun Tao, Chaoli Wang
We present a semi-automatic approach for stream surface generation. Our approach is based on the conjecture that good seeding curves can be inferred from a set of streamlines. Given a set of densely traced streamlines over the flow field, we design a sketch-based interface that allows users to describe their perceived flow patterns through drawing simple strokes directly on top of the streamline visualization results. Based on the 2D stroke, we identify a 3D seeding curve and generate a stream surface that captures the flow pattern of streamlines at the outermost layer...
September 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922094/remembering-but-not-knowing-disturbs-the-relational-bindings-newly-established-in-short-term-working-memory-an-age-group-comparison
#16
Arnaud Boujut, David Clarys
The aim of this study was to highlight that episodic memory and working memory compete for the same resource, which would be diminished in aging. Using the remember/know paradigm, we compared the interference related to the retrieval of words on the parallel processing of preestablished relational bindings (Shifting condition) or newly established relational bindings (Updating condition). Within each age-group, participants had comparable performances in remembering across recognition conditions. However, the results showed that only updating activity was impaired after a remember response was given in the younger group...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921984/melting-behavior-of-a-dna-four-way-junction-using-spectroscopic-and-calorimetric-techniques
#17
Carolyn E Carr, Luis A Marky
Intramolecular four-way junctions are structures present during homologous recombination, repair of double stranded DNA breaks and integron recombination, in addition to many others. Because of the wide range of biological processes four-way junctions are involved in, understanding how and under what conditions these structures form is critical. In this work, we used a combination of spectroscopic and calorimetric techniques to present a complete thermodynamic description of the unfolding of a DNA four-way junction (FWJ) and its appropriate control stem-loop motifs (Dumbbell, GAAATT-Hp, CTATC-Hp, GTGC-Hp, and GCGC-Hp)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921552/immunomodulatory-effect-of-cryopreserved-platelets-altered-bdca3-dendritic-cell-maturation-and-activation-in-vitro
#18
Katrina K Ki, Lacey Johnson, Helen M Faddy, Robert L Flower, Denese C Marks, Melinda M Dean
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of platelets (PLTs) is useful in remote areas to overcome logistic problems associated with supply and can extend the shelf life to 2 years. During cryopreservation, properties of PLTs are modified. Whether changes in the cryopreserved PLT (CPP) product are associated with modulation of recipients' immune function is unknown. We aimed to characterize the immune profile of myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) and the specialized blood DC antigen (BDCA)3(+) subset after exposure to CPPs...
September 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920906/clotchip-a-microfluidic-dielectric-sensor-for-point-of-care-assessment-of-hemostasis
#19
Debnath Maji, Michael A Suster, Erdem Kucukal, Ujjal D S Sekhon, Anirban Sen Gupta, Umut A Gurkan, Evi X Stavrou, Pedram Mohseni
This paper describes the design, fabrication, and testing of a microfluidic sensor for dielectric spectroscopy of human whole blood during coagulation. The sensor, termed ClotChip, employs a three-dimensional, parallel-plate, capacitive sensing structure with a floating electrode integrated into a microfluidic channel. Interfaced with an impedance analyzer, the ClotChip measures the complex relative dielectric permittivity, ϵ Tr, of human whole blood in the frequency range of 40 Hz to 100 MHz. The temporal variation in the real part of the blood dielectric permittivity at 1 MHz features a time to reach a permittivity peak, Tpeak, as well as a maximum change in permittivity after the peak, ∆εr,max, as two distinct parameters of ClotChip readout...
September 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920102/does-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-regulate-pluripotency
#20
Chia-I Ko, Alvaro Puga
Recent evidence from embryonic stem cells suggests that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) plays a central role in the regulation of pluripotency, a short-lived property of cells in the early blastula inner cell mass (ICM). Four key observations support this conclusion. The first is the temporal association between upregulation of AHR expression and the onset of cell differentiation, which argues for the AHR as a determinant of cell fate decisions. The second is the repression of the pluripotency factors OCT4 and NANOG by the AHR, which depresses their function and contributes to the cell's exit from pluripotency...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Toxicology
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