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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441354/design-and-development-of-a-three-component-force-sensor-for-milling-process-monitoring
#1
Yingxue Li, Yulong Zhao, Jiyou Fei, Yafei Qin, You Zhao, Anjiang Cai, Song Gao
A strain-type three-component table dynamometer is presented in this paper, which reduces output errors produced by cutting forces imposed on the different milling positions of a workpiece. A sensor structure with eight parallel elastic beams is proposed, and sensitive regions and Wheastone measuring circuits are also designed in consideration of eliminating the influences of the eccentric forces. To evaluate the sensor decoupling performance, both of the static calibration and dynamic milling test were implemented in different positions of the workpiece...
April 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440802/genetic-hurdles-limit-the-arms-race-between-prochlorococcus-and-the-t7-like-podoviruses-infecting-them
#2
Daniel A Schwartz, Debbie Lindell
Phages and hosts coexist in nature with a high degree of population diversity. This is often explained through coevolutionary models, such as the arms race or density-dependent fluctuating selection, which differ in assumptions regarding the emergence of phage mutants that overcome host resistance. Previously, resistance in the abundant marine cyanobacterium, Prochlorococcus, was found to occur frequently. However, little is known about the ability of phages to overcome this resistance. Here we report that, in some cases, T7-like cyanophage mutants emerge to infect resistant Prochlorococcus strains...
April 25, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438865/effect-of-hydrogen-dioxide-treatment-on-the-osteogenic-potential-of-duck-beak-bone-derived-natural-bioceramic-microparticles
#3
Joong-Hyun Kim, Min-Ho Park, Seok Jin Jang, Soo Jin Son, Jae Yeon Lee, Jun Sik Son, Se Eun Kim, Seong Soo Kang, Seok Hwa Choi
As an alternative material to the autogenous bone, duck-beak bone particle for bone substitute have been attracting great attention due to their biological properties. To deliver the most favorable outcome of medical treatment, it is essential to study the effect of various processing methods of the duck-beak bone. In this study, we compared the two deproteinizing agents for manufacturing duck-beak bone. Group 1 was treated by a conventional chemical agent (ethylenediamine) and Group 2 by hydrogen dioxide (H2O2)...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437960/wind-ranging-and-velocimetry-with-low-peak-power-and-long-duration-modulated-laser
#4
Eiichi Yoshikawa, Tomoo Ushio
A novel approach to simultaneous wind ranging and velocimetry using low peak power, long-duration modulated laser pulse transmissions is proposed. Received signals backscattered by aerosol particles are processed by a multi-reference matched-filter (MRMF) which performs matched filter processing between the received signal and several reference signals in parallel and outputs a range-velocity profile of received power. Ranging and velocimetry are performed simultaneously by estimating received power, radial velocity, and velocity dispersion from a velocity profile at an arbitrary range in the range-velocity profile...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437739/experimental-study-on-evaluation-and-optimization-of-tilt-angle-of-parallel-plate-electrodes-using-electrocoagulation-device-for-oily-water-demulsification
#5
Yang Liu, Wen-Ming Jiang, Jie Yang, Yu-Xing Li, Ming-Can Chen, Jian-Na Li
Tilt angle of parallel-plate electrodes (APE) is very important as it improves the economy of diffusion controlled Electrocoagulation (EC) processes. This study aimed to evaluate and optimize APE of a self-made EC device including integrally rotary electrodes, at a fixed current density of 120 Am(-2). The APEs investigated in this study were selected at 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, 90°, and a special value (α(d)) which was defined as a special orientation of electrode when the upper end of anode and the lower end of cathode is in a line vertical to the bottom of reactor...
April 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437367/-effective-requesting-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-on-asking-families-to-consent-to-organ-and-tissue-donation
#6
Jennifer A Chandler, Matthew Connors, Giles Holland, Sam D Shemie
BACKGROUND: Families are often asked to consent to the donation of their deceased relative's organs or tissues. These end-of-life conversations are important because they affect consent rates as well as the psychological impact of the decision for families. This scoping review of the literature on requesting family consent was prepared to support of the development of leading practice recommendations for end-of-life conversations with families of potential donors. A scoping review maps research activity in a field across a range of commentary and empirical study designs but does not attempt meta-synthesis of empirical data or quality assessment...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436893/a-parallel-multiclassification-algorithm-for-big-data-using-an-extreme-learning-machine
#7
Mingxing Duan, Kenli Li, Xiangke Liao, Keqin Li
As data sets become larger and more complicated, an extreme learning machine (ELM) that runs in a traditional serial environment cannot realize its ability to be fast and effective. Although a parallel ELM (PELM) based on MapReduce to process large-scale data shows more efficient learning speed than identical ELM algorithms in a serial environment, some operations, such as intermediate results stored on disks and multiple copies for each task, are indispensable, and these operations create a large amount of extra overhead and degrade the learning speed and efficiency of the PELMs...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436888/neuromorphic-hardware-architecture-using-the-neural-engineering-framework-for-pattern-recognition
#8
Runchun Wang, Chetan Singh Thakur, Gregory Cohen, Tara Julia Hamilton, Jonathan Tapson, Andre van Schaik
We present a hardware architecture that uses the neural engineering framework (NEF) to implement large-scale neural networks on field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for performing massively parallel real-time pattern recognition. NEF is a framework that is capable of synthesising large-scale cognitive systems from subnetworks and we have previously presented an FPGA implementation of the NEF that successfully performs nonlinear mathematical computations. That work was developed based on a compact digital neural core, which consists of 64 neurons that are instantiated by a single physical neuron using a time-multiplexing approach...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436069/the-eprep-system-a-new-electrophoretic-approach-for-dna-isolation-from-biological-samples
#9
Corinna Kueppers, Sabine Schlappa, Annette Bogdoll, Lothar Breitkopf, Nicole Seip, Thorsten Singer
We present a new free-flow electrophoretic separation system that extends the established concepts of nucleic acid migration in an electric field to a broadly applicable preparative scale. The system comprises a disposable flow tube in which the target nucleic acids are separated from impurities by a balanced combination of electrophoretic migration and counter-streaming electroosmotic flow under the influence of an applied external electric field. Despite the complex theoretical background the introduced electrophoretic technology offers simple hardware setup and handling protocols...
April 24, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436005/fast-and-reliable-strain-characterization-of-streptomyces-lividans-through-micro-scale-cultivation
#10
Joachim Koepff, Matthias Keller, C Konstantinos Tsolis, Tobias Busche, Christian Rückert, Mohamed B Hamed, Jozef Anné, Joern Kalinowski, Wolfgang Wiechert, Anastassios Economou, Marco Oldiges
Filamentous organisms of the genus Streptomyces play an important role in industrial production processes, due to their extensive secondary metabolism variability, as well as their ability to secrete efficiently large amounts of (heterologous) proteins. While genetic engineering tools are available to rapidly build up large strain libraries, the subsequent strain screening and bioprocess development still constitutes a bottleneck. This is due to the lack of reliable parallelized and accelerated cultivation techniques for morphologically challenging organisms...
April 24, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435849/effects-of-cyclic-compression-on-the-mechanical-properties-and-calcification-process-of-immature-chick-bone-tissue-in-culture
#11
Eijiro Maeda, Masashi Nakagaki, Katsuhisa Ichikawa, Kazuaki Nagayama, Takeo Matsumoto
Contribution of mechanical loading to tissue growth during both the development and post-natal maturation is of a particular interest, as its understanding would be important to strategies in bone tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The present study has been performed to investigate how immature bone responds to mechanical loading using an ex vivo culture system. A slice of the tibia, with the thickness of 3 mm, was obtained from 0-day-old chick. For the ex vivo culture experiment in conjunction with cyclic compressive loading, we developed a custom-made, bioreactor system where both the load and the deformation applied to the specimen was recorded...
June 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434977/starch-fueled-microbial-fuel-cells-by-two-step-and-parallel-fermentation-using-shewanella-oneidensis-mr-1-and-streptococcus-bovis-148
#12
Megumi Uno, Nichanan Phansroy, Yuji Aso, Hitomi Ohara
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 generates electricity from lactic acid, but cannot utilize starch. On the other hand, Streptococcus bovis 148 metabolizes starch and produces lactic acid. Therefore, two methods were trialed for starch-fueled microbial fuel cell (MFC) in this study. In electric generation by two-step fermentation (EGT) method, starch was first converted to lactic acid by S. bovis 148. The S. bovis 148 were then removed by centrifugation, and the fermented broth was preserved for electricity generation by S...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434939/calreticulin-is-required-for-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-during-cardiogenesis-in-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#13
Fereshteh Karimzadeh, Michal Opas
Calreticulin, a multifunctional endoplasmic reticulum resident protein, is required for TGF-β-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and subsequent cardiomyogenesis. Using embryoid bodies (EBs) derived from calreticulin-null and wild-type (WT) embryonic stem cells (ESCs), we show that expression of EMT and cardiac differentiation markers is induced during differentiation of WT EBs. This induction is inhibited in the absence of calreticulin and can be mimicked by inhibiting TGF-β signaling in WT cells...
April 13, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433007/alternative-definition-of-excitation-amplitudes-in-multi-reference-state-specific-coupled-cluster
#14
Yann Garniron, Emmanuel Giner, Jean-Paul Malrieu, Anthony Scemama
A central difficulty of state-specific Multi-Reference Coupled Cluster (MR-CC) in the multi-exponential Jeziorski-Monkhorst formalism concerns the definition of the amplitudes of the single and double excitation operators appearing in the exponential wave operators. If the reference space is a complete active space (CAS), the number of these amplitudes is larger than the number of singly and doubly excited determinants on which one may project the eigenequation, and one must impose additional conditions. The present work first defines a state-specific reference-independent operator T∼^(m) which acting on the CAS component of the wave function |Ψ0(m)⟩ maximizes the overlap between (1+T∼^(m))|Ψ0(m)⟩ and the eigenvector of the CAS-SD (Singles and Doubles) Configuration Interaction (CI) matrix |ΨCAS-SD(m)⟩...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432214/a-microrna-mrna-expression-network-during-oral-siphon-regeneration-in-ciona
#15
Elijah J Spina, Elmer Guzman, Hongjun Zhou, Kenneth S Kosik, William C Smith
Here we present a parallel study of mRNA and microRNA expression during oral siphon (OS) regeneration in Ciona robusta, and the derived network of their interactions. In the process of identifying 248 mRNAs and 15 microRNAs as differentially expressed (DE), we also identified 57 novel microRNAs, several of which are among the most highly DE. Analysis of functional categories identified enriched transcripts related to stress responses and apoptosis at the wound healing stage, signaling pathways including Wnt and TGF-β during early regrowth, and negative regulation of extracellular proteases in late stage regeneration...
April 21, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432136/selective-modulation-of-the-pupil-light-reflex-by-prefrontal-cortex-microstimulation
#16
R Becket Ebitz, Tirin Moore
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is thought to flexibly regulate sensorimotor responses. One way the PFC regulates sensorimotor transformations is to modulate activity in other circuits. However, the scope of that control remains unknown: it remains unclear whether the prefrontal cortex can modulate basic reflexes. One canonical example of a central reflex is the pupil light reflex (PLR): the automatic constriction of the pupil in response to luminance increments. Unlike pupil size, which depends the interaction of multiple physiological and neuromodulatory influences, the PLR reflects the action of a simple brainstem circuit...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432134/tgf-%C3%AE-1-signaling-and-tissue-fibrosis
#17
Kevin K Kim, Dean Sheppard, Harold A Chapman
Activation of TGF-β1 initiates a program of temporary collagen accumulation important to wound repair in many organs. However, the outcome of temporary extracellular matrix strengthening all too frequently morphs into progressive fibrosis, contributing to morbidity and mortality worldwide. To avoid this maladaptive outcome, TGF-β1 signaling is regulated at numerous levels and intimately connected to feedback signals that limit accumulation. Here, we examine the current understanding of the core functions of TGF-β1 in promoting collagen accumulation, parallel pathways that promote physiological repair, and pathological triggers that tip the balance toward progressive fibrosis...
April 21, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430560/database-centric-method-for-automated-high-throughput-deconvolution-and-analysis-of-kinetic-antibody-screening-data
#18
R Paul Nobrega, Michael Brown, Cody Williams, Chris Sumner, Patricia Estep, Isabelle Caffry, Yao Yu, Heather Lynaugh, Irina Burnina, Asparouh Lilov, Jordan Desroches, John Bukowski, Tingwan Sun, Jonathan P Belk, Kirt Johnson, Yingda Xu
The state-of-the-art industrial drug discovery approach is the empirical interrogation of a library of drug candidates against a target molecule. The advantage of high-throughput kinetic measurements over equilibrium assessments is the ability to measure each of the kinetic components of binding affinity. Although high-throughput capabilities have improved with advances in instrument hardware, three bottlenecks in data processing remain: (1) intrinsic molecular properties that lead to poor biophysical quality in vitro are not accounted for in commercially available analysis models, (2) processing data through a user interface is time-consuming and not amenable to parallelized data collection, and (3) a commercial solution that includes historical kinetic data in the analysis of kinetic competition data does not exist...
April 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430559/heart-on-a-chip-an-investigation-of-the-influence-of-static-and-perfusion-conditions-on-cardiac-h9c2-cell-proliferation-morphology-and-alignment
#19
Anna Kobuszewska, Ewelina Tomecka, Kamil Zukowski, Elzbieta Jastrzebska, Michal Chudy, Artur Dybko, Philippe Renaud, Zbigniew Brzozka
Lab-on-a-chip systems are increasingly used as tools for cultures and investigation of cardiac cells. In this article, we present how the geometry of microsystems and microenvironmental conditions (static and perfusion) influence the proliferation, morphology, and alignment of cardiac cells (rat cardiomyoblasts-H9C2). Additionally, studies of cell growth after incubation with verapamil hydrochloride were performed. For this purpose, poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)/glass microfluidic systems with three different geometries of microchambers (a circular chamber, a longitudinal channel, and three parallel microchannels separated by two rows of micropillars) were prepared...
April 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430261/wideband-spectrum-analysis-of-ultra-high-frequency-radio-wave-signals-due-to-advanced-one-phonon-non-collinear-anomalous-light-scattering
#20
Alexandre S Shcherbakov, Adan Omar Arellanes
We present a principally new acousto-optical cell providing an advanced wideband spectrum analysis of ultra-high frequency radio-wave signals. For the first time, we apply a recently developed approach with the tilt angle to a one-phonon non-collinear anomalous light scattering. In contrast to earlier cases, now one can exploit a regime with the fixed optical wavelength for processing a great number of acoustic frequencies simultaneously in the linear regime. The chosen rutile-crystal combines a moderate acoustic velocity with low acoustic attenuation and allows us wide-band data processing within GHz-frequency acoustic waves...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
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