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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905202/care-in-subsequent-pregnancies-following-stillbirth-an-international-survey-of-parents
#1
A M Wojcieszek, F M Boyle, J M Belizán, J Cassidy, P Cassidy, Jjhm Erwich, L Farrales, M M Gross, Aep Heazell, S H Leisher, T Mills, M Murphy, K Pettersson, C Ravaldi, J Ruidiaz, D Siassakos, R M Silver, C Storey, A Vannacci, P Middleton, D Ellwood, V Flenady
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of additional care, and parents' perceptions of quality, respectful care, in pregnancies subsequent to stillbirth. DESIGN: Multi-language web-based survey. SETTING: International. POPULATION: A total of 2716 parents, from 40 high- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Data were obtained from a broader survey of parents' experiences following stillbirth. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and stratified by geographic region...
November 30, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903135/support-for-relatives-bereaved-by-psychiatric-patient-suicide-national-confidential-inquiry-into-suicide-and-homicide-findings
#2
Alexandra L Pitman, Isabelle M Hunt, Sharon J McDonnell, Louis Appleby, Navneet Kapur
OBJECTIVES: International suicide prevention strategies recommend providing support to families bereaved by suicide. The study objectives were to measure the proportion of cases in which psychiatric professionals contact next of kin after a patient's suicide and to investigate whether specific, potentially stigmatizing patient characteristics influence whether the family is contacted. METHODS: Annual survey data from England and Wales (2003-2012) were used to identify 11,572 suicide cases among psychiatric patients...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898294/longitudinal-changes-in-and-modifiable-predictors-of-the-prevalence-of-severe-depressive-symptoms-for-family-caregivers-of-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-over-the-first-two-years-of-bereavement
#3
Su-Ching Kuo, Wen-Chi Chou, Jen-Shi Chen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Ming-Chu Chiang, Ming-Mo Hou, Siew Tzuh Tang
BACKGROUND: Bereaved families endure tremendous grief. However, few studies have longitudinally investigated caregivers' bereavement grief for more than one year postloss and none is from family-oriented Asian countries. OBJECTIVES: We explored longitudinal changes in and modifiable predictors of severe depressive symptoms for Taiwanese family caregivers of terminally ill cancer patients over the first two years postloss. DESIGN: For this descriptive, longitudinal study, severe depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥16) were measured 1, 3, 6, 13, 18, and 24 months postloss...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893756/posttraumatic-stress-among-not-exposed-traumatically-bereaved-relatives-after-the-ms-estonia-disaster
#4
Josefin Sveen, Lilian Pohlkamp, Joakim Öhlén, Jonas Sandberg, Kristina Brandänge, Petter Gustavsson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about posttraumatic stress (PTS) reactions in bereaved individuals following loss in disaster who were not directly exposed to disaster. The aim of the present study was to examine the course of PTS up to three years after losing relatives in the MS Estonia ferry disaster, one of the worst maritime disasters in modern times. METHODS: Seven postal surveys were sent out over three years post-disaster. The respondents were invited and added consecutively during the three years and 938 relatives participated in one or more of the surveys, representing 89% of the MS Estonia's Swedish victims...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892842/complicated-grief-after-suicide-bereavement-and-other-causes-of-death
#5
Ilanit Tal, Christine Mauro, Charles F Reynolds, M Katherine Shear, Naomi Simon, Barry Lebowitz, Natalia Skritskaya, Yuanjia Wang, Xin Qiu, Alana Iglewicz, Danielle Glorioso, Julie Avanzino, Julie Loebach Wetherell, Jordan F Karp, Don Robinaugh, Sidney Zisook
We compared baseline demographic characteristics, clinical features, and grief-related thoughts, feelings and behaviors of individuals bereaved by suicide, accident/homicide and natural causes participating in a complicated grief (CG) treatment clinical trial. Severity of CG and depression and current depression diagnosis did not vary by loss type. After adjusting for baseline demographic features, time since death and relationship to the deceased, those with CG after suicide had the highest rates of lifetime depression, pre-loss passive suicidal ideation, self-blaming thoughts, and impaired work and social adjustment...
November 28, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887578/evaluation-of-an-international-educational-programme-for-health-care-professionals-on-best-practice-in-the-management-of-a-perinatal-death-improving-perinatal-mortality-review-and-outcomes-via-education-improve
#6
Paul A Gardiner, Alison L Kent, Viviana Rodriguez, Aleena M Wojcieszek, David Ellwood, Adrienne Gordon, Patricia A Wilson, Diana M Bond, Adrian Charles, Susan Arbuckle, Glenn J Gardener, Jeremy J Oats, Jan Jaap Erwich, Fleurisca J Korteweg, T H Nguyen Duc, Susannah Hopkins Leisher, Kamal Kishore, Robert M Silver, Alexander E Heazell, Claire Storey, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Stillbirths and neonatal deaths are devastating events for both parents and clinicians and are global public health concerns. Careful clinical management after these deaths is required, including appropriate investigation and assessment to determine cause (s) to prevent future losses, and to improve bereavement care for families. An educational programme for health care professionals working in maternal and child health has been designed to address these needs according to the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Guideline for Perinatal Mortality: IMproving Perinatal mortality Review and Outcomes Via Education (IMPROVE)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885907/the-challenges-of-implementing-a-multi-centre-audit-of-end-of-life-care-in-care-homes
#7
Jean Levy, Julie Kinley, Frances Conway
AIMS: This article aims to share the experience of a hospice in facilitating a multi-centre audit of end-of-life care in care homes, particularly noting the challenges and enablers of carrying out the audit. METHODS: The audit was a retrospective multi-centre survey of bereaved relatives/next of kin of residents who died in the care home, using an anonymous, validated questionnaire: the Family Perception of Care Scale. Questionnaires were sent 3-months after bereavement...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881624/an-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-self-help-intervention-for-carers-of-patients-in-palliative-care-protocol-of-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons
Undertaking a caregiving role at end of life can have enduring psychological consequences for carers, including poor adjustment in bereavement. Acceptance and commitment therapy-based interventions have demonstrated effectiveness in helping people cope with a range of life challenges. This article presents the protocol of a feasibility randomised controlled trial of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for psychological distress and grief in carers of patients in palliative care. We will assess feasibility and acceptability of the trial procedures and intervention as well as preliminary effectiveness of the intervention on carer well-being outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874186/lessons-learned-from-autopsying-an-unidentified-body-with-iodine-125-seeds-implanted-for-prostate-brachytherapy
#9
Nozomi Idota, Mami Nakamura, Koji Masui, Yasuhiro Kakiuchi, Kei Yamada, Hiroshi Ikegaya
We report here lessons learned from an autopsy case involving radioactive materials. We performed an autopsy of an unidentified mummified man with no available medical history whom from imaging findings we suspected had received radioactive seed implants for prostate brachytherapy. We returned the excised prostate and seeds to the body. A few days later, the body was identified by DNA matching and cremated. According to the man's medical record, he had undergone iodine-125 seeds implantation for prostate cancer 11 months earlier...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865450/reproductive-function-in-the-sons-of-women-who-experienced-stress-due-to-bereavement-before-and-during-pregnancy-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Oleguer Plana-Ripoll, Jiong Li, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel, Erik Parner, Jørn Olsen, Olga Basso
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between prenatal exposure to maternal stress and reproductive disorders in Danish men, where prenatal stress exposure was defined as the mother's loss of a close relative during pregnancy or in the 12 months before conception. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): All males born in Denmark between 1973 and 2008 (n = 1,217,576) and observed for up to 39 years...
November 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862615/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-bipolar-disorder-and-social-interaction-a-qualitative-investigation
#11
Rebecca Owen, Patricia Gooding, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that social support can influence relapse rates, functioning and various clinical outcomes in people with bipolar disorder. Yet 'social support' is a poorly defined construct, and the mechanisms by which it affects illness course in bipolar disorder remain largely unknown. Key aims of this study were to ascertain which facets of social interaction affect mood management in bipolar disorder, and how symptoms of bipolar disorder can influence the level of support received...
November 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862571/avoidant-conversations-about-death-by-clinicians-causes-delays-in-reporting-of-neutropenic-sepsis-grounded-theory-study
#12
Catherine Oakley, Cath Taylor, Emma Ream, Alison Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests patients delay reporting symptoms of neutropenic sepsis (NS) despite the risk to their life. This study aimed to elicit factors that contribute to delayed patient reporting of NS symptoms. METHODS: A constructivist grounded theory study used observations of chemotherapy consultations (13 hours) and 31 in-depth interviews to explore beliefs, experiences and behaviors related to NS. Participants included women with breast cancer, their carers (partners, family or friends) and clinicians...
November 18, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862508/a-matter-of-life-and-death-knowledge-about-the-body-and-concept-of-death-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#13
J McEvoy, B Treacy, J Quigley
BACKGROUND: An increased awareness of how people with intellectual disabilities (ID) understand death and dying is necessary in supporting life-long learning, post-bereavement support and planning end-of-life care. Previous research suggests that adults with ID have a limited or 'patchy' understanding of the basic biological components of death. However, the relationship between biological understanding of how the body works and conceptualisation of death remains unexplored in this population...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859889/anxiety-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-palliative-cancer-patients-during-home-care-and-after-the-patient-s-death
#14
H Götze, E Brähler, L Gansera, A Schnabel, A Gottschalk-Fleischer, N Köhler
We examined psychological parameters in family caregivers of palliative cancer patients before and after the death of the patients. Caregivers' data about depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality-of-life (Short Form-8 Health Survey), and social support (Oslo Social Support Scale) were collected at the beginning of home care (t1) and 2 months after the patient had died (t2). Regression models were employed to examine factors related to depression and anxiety in the bereaved caregivers...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859824/bereaved-family-members-perspectives-on-suffering-among-older-rural-cancer-patients-in-palliative-home-nursing-care-a-qualitative-study
#15
S A Devik, O Hellzen, I Enmarker
Little is known about experiences with receiving home nursing care when old, living in a rural area, and suffering from end-stage cancer. The aim of this study was thus to investigate bereaved family members' perceptions of suffering by their older relatives when receiving palliative home nursing care. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 family members, in Norway during autumn 2015, and directed content analysis guided by Katie Eriksson's theoretical framework on human suffering was performed upon the data...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859343/commentary-the-course-of-depression-after-childhood-parental-death-a-reflection-on-berg-et%C3%A2-al-2016
#16
Nadine M Melhem, David Brent
Berg et al.'s study highlights the long-lasting impact of childhood parental death on depression in adulthood in the absence of early preventive and intervention efforts. Given the long-term effects of childhood parental death, it seems that the most propitious time to intervene is early on after the death. Several prevention and intervention approaches have been shown to reduce the incidence of depression and to ameliorate its course and thus could be potential approaches to intervene with parentally bereaved children...
December 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854358/causes-of-death-in-prader-willi-syndrome-prader-willi-syndrome-association-usa-40-year-mortality-survey
#17
Merlin G Butler, Ann M Manzardo, Janalee Heinemann, Carolyn Loker, James Loker
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare, complex, neurodevelopmental genetic disorder that is associated with hyperphagia and morbid obesity in humans and leads to a shortened life expectancy. This report summarizes the primary causes of death and evaluates mortality trends in a large cohort of individuals with PWS. METHODS: The US Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (PWSA (USA)) syndrome-specific database of death reports was collected through a cursory bereavement program for PWSA (USA) families using a brief survey created in 1999...
November 17, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852340/subjective-and-objective-traumatic-death-distinct-roles-in-developing-complicated-grief-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#18
Suqin Tang, Amy Y M Chow
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of complicated grief are associated with a traumatic death. However, the subjective experience of whether or not the death was considered traumatic has not been substantially explored. This study first examined the difference between objective and subjective traumatic death, and then investigated their respective impacts on complicated grief and depressive symptoms following bereavement among older adults in Hong Kong. METHODS: Participants were 187 Hong Kong adults aged 65 years or above who had lost a family member within the past five years...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852335/suicide-in-older-adults-a-comparison-with-middle-aged-adults-using-the-queensland-suicide-register
#19
Yu Wen Koo, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: Globally, suicide rates increase with age, being highest in older adults. This study analyzed differences in suicides in older adults (65 years and over) compared to middle-aged adults (35-64 years) in Queensland, Australia, during the years 2000-2012. METHODS: The Queensland Suicide Register was utilized for the analysis. Annual suicide rates were calculated by gender and age group, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were examined. RESULTS: In Queensland, the average annual rate of suicides for older adults was 15...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850194/554-the-relationship-between-bereaved-parental-knowledge-of-events-and-satisfaction-with-care
#20
Markita Suttle, Cynthia Gerhardt, Marci Fults, Emily Shultz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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