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Bereavement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045914/suicide-exposures-and-bereavement-among-american-adults-evidence-from-the-2016-general-social-survey
#1
William Feigelman, Julie Cerel, John L McIntosh, David Brent, Nina Gutin
BACKGROUND: We investigated lifetime suicide exposures and bereavement among a representative sample of American adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. METHODS: Questions on lifetime suicide exposures, bereavement and mental health status were administered to 1432 respondents. Suicide exposed and bereaved respondents were compared to non-exposed respondents on three different measures of mental health functioning with cross tabulations and means comparison tests...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044766/do-men-and-women-with-intellectual-disabilities-understand-death
#2
A Y M Chow, J McEvoy, I K N Chan, M Borschel, J H L Yuen, J Y M Lo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with ID are often withheld information about the death of their loved ones as it has often been thought that they do not understand death or cannot grieve. This grief exacerbates the stress of individuals with ID as they often encounter secondary losses such as transitioning to a care facility. The aim of this study is to investigate men and women with ID understanding death concepts and to what extent. METHOD: Adopting a stratified random sampling method, 156 Chinese people with ID were invited to join the study...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038679/day-patient-treatment-for-traumatic-grief-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-one-year-treatment-programme-for-patients-with-multiple-and-traumatic-losses
#3
Annemiek de Heus, Sophie M C Hengst, Simone M de la Rie, A A A Manik J Djelantik, Paul A Boelen, Geert E Smid
Background: Bereaved individuals who have lost a loved one under traumatic circumstances can develop symptoms of Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) and/or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This is particularly common in refugees, as they frequently have been confronted with multiple traumatic losses. For patients with severe PTSD and traumatic grief a treatment programme was developed, embedding individual traumatic grief focused therapy in a group-based multidisciplinary day patient treatment programme...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035733/how-does-parental-cancer-affect-adolescent-and-young-adult-offspring-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Adam Walczak, Fiona McDonald, Pandora Patterson, Katherine Dobinson, Kimberley Allison
OBJECTIVES: To i) identify and synthesise evidence published since 2007 regarding the impact of parental cancer on adolescent and young adult offspring, ii) identify methodological and evidence gaps addressed during this period and iii) highlight those requiring further attention. DESIGN: A systematic review and thematic synthesis of peer reviewed literature regarding the impact of parental cancer upon AYA offspring. DATA SOURCES: Online searches of CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsychInfo and Scopus databases were conducted...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034779/carter-m-2016-helping-children-and-adolescents-think-about-death-dying-and-bereavement-carter-m-2016-helping-children-and-adolescents-think-about-death-dying-and-bereavement-london-england-jessica-kingsley-224-pp-%C3%A2-16-99-paperback-isbn-978-1-78592-011-0
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034778/berman-j-2015-writing-widowhood-the-landscapes-of-bereavement-bush-h-l-2016-continuing-bonds-with-the-dead-parental-grief-and-19th-century-american-authors-berman-j-2015-writing-widowhood-the-landscapes-of-bereavement-albany-ny-state-university-of-new-york
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030206/the-impact-of-supporting-family-caregivers-pre-bereavement-on-outcomes-post-bereavement-adequacy-of-end-of-life-support-and-achievement-of-preferred-place-of-death
#7
Samar M Aoun, Gail Ewing, Gunn Grande, Chris Toye, Natasha Bear
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the extent to which using the Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) intervention during the caregiving period has affected bereaved family caregivers' perceptions of adequacy of support, their grief and wellbeing and achievement of their preferred place of death. METHOD: All family caregivers who participated in a stepped wedge cluster trial of the CSNAT intervention in Western Australia (2012-14) and completed the pre-bereavement study (n=322) were invited to take part in a caregiver survey by telephone 4-6 months post-bereavement (2015)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020864/end-of-life-care-a-qualitative-study-comparing-the-views-of-people-with-dementia-and-family-carers
#8
Marie Poole, Claire Bamford, Emma McLellan, Richard P Lee, Catherine Exley, Julian C Hughes, Karen Harrison-Dening, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: In recent years, UK policy has increasingly recognised the importance of end-of-life care in dementia. While professional consensus on optimal palliative care in dementia has been reported, little is known about the perspectives of people with dementia and family carers. AIM: To compare the views of people with dementia and family carers of people with dementia (current and recently bereaved) on optimal end-of-life care. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews (32) and a focus group were conducted...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016886/a-proposed-framework-of-supportive-and-palliative-care-for-people-with-high-grade-glioma
#9
Jennifer Philip, Anna Collins, Caroline Brand, Vijaya Sundararajan, Carrie Lethborg, Michelle Gold, Rosalind Lau, Gaye Moore, Michael Murphy
Background: Patients with high-grade malignant glioma (HGG) have significant supportive and palliative care needs yet few tailored guidelines exist to inform practice. This study sought to develop a HGG framework of supportive and palliative care informed by patient, family and health care professional (HCP) reported needs. Methods: This study integrates a mixed-methods research program involving: (1) Qualitative study: exploring experiences through systematic literature review and qualitative study (10 patients, 23 carers and 36 HCPs); (2) Epidemiological cohort study (N=1,821) describing care of cases of HGG in Victoria, Australia using linked hospital datasets...
July 27, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993286/spirit-trial-a-phase-iii-pragmatic-trial-of-an-advance-care-planning-intervention-in-esrd
#10
Mi-Kyung Song, Mark L Unruh, Amita Manatunga, Laura C Plantinga, Janice Lea, Manisha Jhamb, Abhijit V Kshirsagar, Sandra E Ward
Advance care planning (ACP) is a central tenet of dialysis care, but the vast majority of dialysis patients report never engaging in ACP discussions with their care providers. Over the last decade, we have developed and iteratively tested SPIRIT (Sharing Patient's Illness Representation to Increase Trust), a theory-based, patient- and family-centered advance care planning intervention. SPIRIT is a six-step, two-session, face-to-face intervention to promote cognitive and emotional preparation for end-of-life decision making for patients with ESRD and their surrogates...
October 6, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988634/a-two-tiered-strategy-for-preventing-complications-of-bereavement-in-the-first-thirteen-months-post-loss-a-pilot-study-using-peer-supports-with-professional-therapist-back-up
#11
Mark D Miller, Jacqueline Stack, Charles F Reynolds
This feasibility and acceptance pilot study for preventing complications of bereavement within the first year post loss recruited 20 adult grievers within 9 months of becoming bereft and assigned consenting subjects to peer supporters trained by a non-profit bereavement support organization for weekly or bi-weekly telephone-based peer support until month 13 post-loss. Subjects who met DSM-5 criteria for major depressive disorder or showed an Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) score exceeding 19, 6 months or more post loss, were assigned to 12 to 16 weeks of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) with an experienced therapist...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985922/end-of-life-care-in-nursing-homes-in-spain-exploratory-analysis-and-evidences-of-validity-of-a-new-scale
#12
María Remedios Sánchez-García, Jose Antonio Gutiérrez-Romero, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, César Hueso-Montoro, Claire Goodman, Rafael Montoya-Juárez
Quality end-of-life care is a central issue in nursing homes, requiring the assessment of individual and family needs by health professionals. Although previous instruments have been developed, they usually rely on family reports and have been adapted from other clinical contexts (hospital or primary care). It is important to consider how health care professionals working in nursing homes perceive what is necessary to achieve quality end-of-life care. In this study, the objective was to develop an instrument to assess quality of end-of-life care in the context of Spanish care homes...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985147/social-support-following-bereavement-the-role-of-beliefs-expectations-and-support-intentions
#13
Emma L Logan, Jennifer A Thornton, Robert T Kane, Lauren J Breen
Social support is one of the strongest determinants of bereavement outcomes, yet little is understood about the community's recognition of grief and intentions to provide social support to grieving persons. Four-hundred and seventy-six adults responded to an online vignette and questionnaire measuring grief norms and supportive intentions. Respondent gender, age, and bereavement status all had some association with expectations of grief, intentions to support, perceived helpfulness of support attempts, and opinions towards the diagnostic classification of grief...
October 6, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985143/bereavement-grief-a-population-based-foundational-evidence-study
#14
Donna M Wilson, Joachim Cohen, Rod MacLeod, Dirk Houttekier
Information is needed on the incidence and prevalence of bereavement grief, and factors associated with severe or prolonged grief. Among 1,208 representative Canadian adults, 96% had experienced bereavement grief and 78% were actively grieving at interview. Grief levels were higher among women, Protestants and Catholics, when the death was under 2 years previously, when a spouse, parent, or child had died, and when the perceived death quality was lower. This study reveals the importance of good deaths; they are essential for dying people and also those who mourn their deaths...
October 6, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985141/disclosure-in-traumatic-deaths-as-correlates-of-differential-mental-health-outcomes
#15
William Feigelman, Julie Cerel, Rebecca Sanford
This analysis addresses the controversial question of whether disclosure of a significant other's traumatic death cause is associated with mental health outcomes. Consistent with the limited previous research, this data, collected from 131 suicide bereaved, 10 exclusively drug death bereaved and 6 other bereaved respondents, showed fewer grief difficulties and better self-rated mental health among those inclined to openly disclose a significant other's death cause, compared to those who feared incurring shame and embarrassment from doing so...
October 6, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979531/time-for-change-a-national-audit-on-bereavement-care-in-intensive-care-units
#16
M Berry, E Brink, V Metaxa
INTRODUCTION: Bereaved ICU family members frequently experience anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, which have been associated with significantly impaired quality of life. Recognising that their needs extend beyond the support provided by their friends and family, the Intensive Care Society had published in 1998 recommendations around bereavement care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present national audit was to compare bereavement services in England against the nine recommendations set out by the Intensive Care Society guidelines...
February 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977013/bereavement-support-for-family-caregivers-the-gap-between-guidelines-and-practice-in-palliative-care
#17
Samar M Aoun, Bruce Rumbold, Denise Howting, Amanda Bolleter, Lauren J Breen
BACKGROUND: Standards for bereavement care propose that support should be matched to risk and need. However, studies in many countries demonstrate that palliative care services continue to adopt a generic approach in offering support to bereaved families. OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns of bereavement support in palliative care services based upon the experience of bereaved people from a population based survey and in relation to clinical practice guidelines. DESIGN: An anonymous postal survey collected information from clients of six funeral providers in four Australian states (2014-15), 6 to 24 months after the death of their family member or friend, with 1,139 responding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976977/children-bereaved-by-fatal-intimate-partner-violence-a-population-based-study-into-demographics-family-characteristics-and-homicide-exposure
#18
Eva Alisic, Arend Groot, Hanneke Snetselaar, Tielke Stroeken, Elise van de Putte
BACKGROUND: In the context of violence against women, intimate partner homicide increasingly receives research and policy attention. Although the impact of losing a parent due to intimate partner homicide is intuitively obvious, little is known about the children involved. We aimed to identify all children bereaved by parental intimate partner homicide in the Netherlands in the period 2003-2012, describe their demographics and family circumstances, and assess their exposure to prior violence at home and to the homicide itself...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976481/family-members-and-intensive-care-unit-nurses-response-to-the-ecg-memento%C3%A2-during-the-bereavement-period
#19
Mary Beiermann, Peggy Kalowes, Melissa Dyo, Amanda Mondor
BACKGROUND: In the United States, 20% of patients die in the intensive care unit (ICU), yet little is known about bereavement strategies to aid grieving families. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to study the bereavement experience for families in the ICU; secondary aim was to measure nurses' perception of end-of-life care, and a third was to evaluate the impact of the ECG Memento by families and nurses. METHODS: A prospective, descriptive study design was used, with a postsurvey methodology...
November 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972036/sudep-the-aftermath-supporting-the-bereaved
#20
Lina Nashef, John Paul Leach
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy is a recurring calamity, yet there is little evidence to guide standards of care for supporting the bereaved. Grief in bereavement includes loss, feelings of guilt, anger and blame. There is also the shock and trauma of the sudden event. How can this be alleviated? This paper focuses on guiding the physician to support the bereaved, while recognising the limited evidence and the varying circumstances that may not always facilitate this. We propose a pathway of care and mode of communication with the deceased's family, with whom contact is currently limited...
September 28, 2017: Practical Neurology
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