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neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090257/epicardial-fat-thickness-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-are-increased-in-non-dipper-hypertensive-patients
#1
Bong Joon Kim, Kyoung Im Cho, Ji Hun Choi, Dong Hyun Park, Ga In Yu, Sung Il Im, Hyun Su Kim, Jeong Ho Heo, Tae-Joon Cha
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness (EFT), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR; an important inflammatory marker), and diurnal blood pressure (BP) changes in patients with recently diagnosed essential hypertension. METHODS: A total of 647 patients underwent echocardiography and 24 hours of ambulatory BP monitoring. EFT was measured by echocardiography, while NLR was measured by dividing the neutrophil count by the lymphocyte count...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081341/association-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-with-the-degree-ofinterstitial-lung-disease-in-systemic-sclerosis
#2
Nurhan Atilla, Gözde Yıldırım Çetin, Ayşe Balkarlı
BACKGROUND/AIM: Determining the severity of systemic sclerosis related interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) is based on clinical and radiological findings, inflammation marker levels, and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity of the lung (DLCO). Recently studies are ongoing for objective and easy markers. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is shown to be a good marker for inflammation in recent clinical trials. In this study, we aimed to identify the possible relationship between NLR and carbon monoxide transfer coefficient (KCO) of SSc-ILD patients...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078122/performance-status-and-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-are-important-prognostic-factors-in-elderly-patients-with-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#3
Makoto Kadokura, Yasuaki Ishida, Akihisa Tatsumi, Ei Takahashi, Hiroko Shindo, Fumitake Amemiya, Shinichi Takano, Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Tadashi Sato, Nobuyuki Enomoto
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of various prognostic factors for pancreatic cancer (PC) has been reported, but the number of elderly patients in these studies is disproportionately fewer compared with those in everyday practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic factors for unresectable PC in elderly patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 67 elderly (age ≥75 years) patients with unresectable PC who underwent chemotherapy between January 2006 and December 2014 at our hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077792/prognostic-value-of-the-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-cervical-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#4
Jiayuan Wu, Manyu Chen, Caixia Liang, Wenmei Su
The prognostic value of pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in cervical cancer remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis based on the data from 13 studies with 3729 patients to evaluate the association between the pretreatment NLR and the clinical outcomes of overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with cervical cancer. The relationship between NLR and clinicopathological parameters was also assessed. Hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the effect size estimate...
January 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076386/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-for-predicting-loss-of-response-to-infliximab-in-ulcerative-colitis
#5
Yu Nishida, Shuhei Hosomi, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tomomi Yukawa, Koji Otani, Yasuaki Nagami, Fumio Tanaka, Koichi Taira, Noriko Kamata, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Masatsugu Shiba, Kenji Watanabe, Toshio Watanabe, Kazunari Tominaga, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
OBJECTIVES: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been used to determine the outcome in malignancies and coronary heart disease. Some reports considered the value of NLR as a predictor of response to infliximab in patients with Crohn's disease or rheumatoid arthritis; however, no similar studies have been reported for ulcerative colitis (UC). This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of the baseline NLR in patients with UC treated by infliximab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with moderate-to-severe active UC who received the first infliximab infusion in our hospital between 2010 and 2015, who showed clinical response during the induction period, were retrospectively evaluated for long-term outcomes and risk factors for loss of response (LOR) during infliximab maintenance therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076369/novel-inflammation-based-prognostic-score-for-predicting-survival-in-patients-with-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma
#6
Yu-Li Su, Meng-Che Hsieh, Po-Hui Chiang, Ming-Tse Sung, Jui Lan, Hao-Lun Luo, Chun-Chieh Huang, Cheng-Hua Huang, Yeh Tang, Kun-Ming Rau
PURPOSE: We developed a novel inflammation-based model (NPS), which consisted of a neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet count (PC), for assessing the prognostic role in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with metastatic UC who underwent systemic chemotherapy between January 1997 and December 2014 in Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. The defined cutoff values for the NLR and PC were 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075517/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-prognostic-indicator-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Nicholas Rosculet, Xian Chong Zhou, Patrick Ha, Mei Tang, Marshall A Levine, Geoffrey Neuner, Joseph Califano
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has prognostic significance for many cancers, with higher values correlating with poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of this inflammatory marker for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: Univariate logistic regression and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed on a retrospective cohort of 123 patients treated with primary chemoradiotherapy...
January 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073987/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-thoracic-surgery
#8
Kevin J Walsh, Kay See Tan, Hao Zhang, David Amar
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs frequently in patients after noncardiac thoracic surgery and has been associated with increased morbidity and risk of stroke. Recent studies have shown conflicting results on the role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and its association with the development of POAF after cardiac surgery. Our goal was to determine whether an association exists between NLR and the incidence of POAF after non-cardiac thoracic surgery. METHODS: Using a database of 259 consecutive patients age 60 or older who had anatomic lung resection or oesophagectomy for oncologic resection, we compared preoperative, postanaesthesia care unit and postoperative day 1 NLR between patients who did and did not develop POAF during their hospitalization using Fisher's exact test or logistic regression...
January 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068151/prognostic-impact-of-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-with-first-line-docetaxel
#9
Consuelo Buttigliero, Chiara Pisano, Marcello Tucci, Francesca Vignani, Valentina Bertaglia, Davide Iaconis, Pamela Guglielmini, Gianmauro Numico, Giorgio V Scagliotti, Massimo Di Maio
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a measure of systemic inflammatory response, has been associated with poor outcome in several solid tumors, including prostate cancer. We retrospectively investigated the prognostic role of pretreatment NLR in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with first-line docetaxel. METHODS: All CRPC patients treated with first-line docetaxel at two Italian institutions, with available data about baseline neutrophil and lymphocyte values, were included in this retrospective analysis...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062999/relationship-between-increased-carotid-artery-stiffness-and-idiopathic-subjective-tinnitus
#10
C Bayraktar, S Taşolar
Tinnitus is defined as perception of sound with no external stimulus, and can separate into pulsatile and non-pulsatile types. Arterial stiffness is a parameter that can predict the cardiovascular event and associated with incidence of stroke. It has been shown that increased arterial stiffness may lead to microvascular damage in brain. Our aim was to assess the arterial stiffness of the carotid system in the development and severity of idiopathic subjective tinnitus. Forty subjective tinnitus patients and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled in the study...
January 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057051/what-is-the-normal-value-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio
#11
Patrice Forget, Céline Khalifa, Jean-Philippe Defour, Dominique Latinne, Marie-Cécile Van Pel, Marc De Kock
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has proven its prognostic value in cardiovascular diseases, infections, inflammatory diseases and in several types of cancers. However, no cut-off has been proposed on the basis of reference values coming from healthy population. METHODS: Routine blood samples were obtained (n = 413) from workers (age: median 38, range: 21-66 years) involved in a health care prevention program, to determine means, standard deviations (SDs), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), percentiles P2...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057046/prognostic-role-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Josee-Lyne Ethier, Danielle Desautels, Arnoud Templeton, Prakesh S Shah, Eitan Amir
BACKGROUND: The presence of a high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with increased mortality in several malignancies. Here, we quantify the effect of NLR on survival in patients with breast cancer, and examine the effect of clinicopathologic factors on its prognostic value. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted to identify publications exploring the association of blood NLR (measured pre treatment) and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) among patients with breast cancer...
January 5, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056941/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-predictive-biomarker-for-response-to-high-dose-interleukin-2-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
James A Kuzman, David D Stenehjem, Joseph Merriman, Archana M Agarwal, Shiven B Patel, Andrew W Hahn, Anitha Alex, Dan Albertson, David M Gill, Neeraj Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy with high-dose interleukin-2 (HD-IL2) results in long-term survival in some metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients but has significant acute toxicities. Biomarkers predicting response to therapy are needed to better select patients most likely to benefit. NLR (absolute neutrophil count (ANC)/absolute lymphocyte count (ALC)) is a prognostic and predicative biomarker in various malignancies. The goal was to determine whether NLR can predict response to HD-IL2 in this setting...
January 5, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055965/selected-patients-can-benefit-more-from-the-management-of-etoposide-and-platinum-based-chemotherapy-and-thoracic-irradiation-a-retrospective-analysis-of-707-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#14
Shoubo Cao, Shi Jin, Jing Shen, Jingyan Cao, Hua Zhang, Qingwei Meng, Chunyan Wang, Aiqi Zhang, Pei Zhang, Yan Yu
The management of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has reached a plateau. Etoposide and platinum-based chemotherapy plus thoracic irradiation remain the standard treatment strategy for SCLC. Our study aims to assess the potential prognostic factors of patients treated with etoposide and platinum-based chemotherapy and explore which group of patients can benefit more from standard treatment strategies. On univariate analysis, age>65 years, male patients, KPS (Karnofsky Performance Status)≤80 points, positive smoking history, anemia, lymphocyte counts≤1...
December 31, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054922/evaluating-the-use-of-hematological-parameters-in-staging-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#15
Necdet Fatih Yaşar, Mustafa Ufuk Uylas, Mustafa Baspinar, Hakan Sarsilmaz, Ersin Ates, Serdar Erkasap, Adnan Sahin
INTRODUCTION: Recently, it has been shown that hematological parameters may be used as markers of inflammatory response. In this study, the authors aimed to identify the potential roles of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other hematological markers in the evaluation of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), a chronic, recurrent inflammatory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 patients, diagnosed with HS between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014, were categorized into 3 groups according to the Hurley staging system...
December 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050207/is-there-a-system%C3%A4-c-inflammatory-effect-of-cholesteatoma
#16
M Mustafa Kılıçkaya, Giray Aynali, Mustafa Tuz, Özkan Bagcı
Introduction Inflammation causes squamous epithelial transformation of the mucosa in the middle ear cavity and plays a role in the onset, growth, spread, and recurrence of cholesteatoma. Objectives The objective of this study is to investigate the systemic inflammatory effect in chronic otitis with cholesteatoma. Methods The study included a total of 311 patients comprising 156 patients with a pathology diagnosis of cholesteatoma and a control group of 155 with no active inflammation. The Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) was calculated by dividing the neutrophil value by the lymphocyte value...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050203/role-of-monocyte-count-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-survival-of-oral-cancer-patients
#17
Saurabh Bobdey, Balasubramaniam Ganesh, Prabhashankar Mishra, Aanchal Jain
Introduction Inflammation seems to play a critical role in the development and progression of numerous cancers. Peripheral blood leukocyte count is an easily assessable parameter of systemic inflammatory response. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pretreatment leukocyte counts can predict the prognosis of patients with oral cavity cancer. Methods Medical records of 471 oral cavity cancer patients diagnosed between January 2007 and December 2008 were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044951/clinical-value-of-hematological-biomarkers-in-uterine-cervical-cancer
#18
Mihaela Mădălina Gavrilescu, Ionut Hutanu, Nicolae Ioanid, Ana Maria Musina, Buna Arvinte Mihaela, Mihaela Moscalu, Ioana Sadiye Scripcariu, Viorel Scripcariu
: Certain combinations of the hematological components, specifically, neutrophils and lymphocytes, named neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) or multiplication of neutrophil and monocyte (MNM) have been shown to have prognostic value in a variety of cancers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study which included 133 patients with uterine cervical cancer with or without neoadjuvant therapy based on prognostic factors and correlations between NLR and MNM values, markers that were analyzed as continuous variables...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042626/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-effective-prognostic-indicator-for-post-amputation-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#19
Qi Wang, Han Liu, Siqiao Sun, Zhihua Cheng, Yang Zhang, Xiwei Sun, Zhongying Wang, Shuai Wang
To confirm whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators for the prognosis of post-amputation patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: In this retrospective observational study a total 270 post-amputation patients with CLI were included between January 2010 and December 2014 in the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China. The neutrophil and lymphocyte counts were recorded before amputations. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was calculated and NLR ≥8...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039482/preoperative-pulmonary-function-correlates-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-results-of-a-single-institution-retrospective-study
#20
Yongyin Gao, Hongdian Zhang, Yue Li, Dandan Wang, Yinlu Ma, Qing Chen
This study aimed at analyzing the relationship between preoperative pulmonary function and systemic inflammatory response (SIR) biomarkers, such as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Furthermore, the prognostic significance of these markers was also examined. The medical records of 358 NSCLC patients, who underwent curative lung resection, were retrospectively analyzed. Pulmonary function test values <80% of the predicted values were used to indicate impairment...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
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