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neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR)

Yan Zhang, Jing-Jing Lu, Yi-Ping Du, Chun-Xia Feng, Li-Qiang Wang, Min-Bin Chen
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been presented to be a prognostic indicator in several types of cancer. However, these issues have not been concluded yet. The present study was therefore performed to determine the prognostic value of NLR and PLR in gastric cancer (GC).A total of 182 GC patients, diagnosed between January 2011 and January 2014, were enrolled in the study. The clinicopathological parameters, laboratory analyses, and outcomes were collected...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Muhaxheri, V Vucicevic Boras, A Fucic, D Plavec, M Sekerija, M Filipovic, K Grsic, B Stubljar, T Krnic, B Vrdoljak
Recent publications have highlighted a greater utility of routine blood tests in patients with various cancers than previously assumed. It appears that the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may be a good predictive biomarker for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Preoperative and postoperative NLR data for patients with head and neck cancers have yet to be established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preoperative and postoperative NLR in 182 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and to determine the association of NLR with OS and DFS...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yoon Kyoung So, GilJoon Lee, Dongryul Oh, Sunju Byeon, Woori Park, Man Ki Chung
Objective To investigate the prognostic impact of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal cancer (HPV+ OPC). Study Design Retrospective institutional database analysis. Setting Tertiary referral medical center. Material and Methods In total, 104 patients with HPV+ OPC were enrolled. From the blood laboratory data checked within 4 weeks before initiation of primary treatment, NLR was calculated. The association between clinicopathological characteristics and NLR was analyzed, and the prognostic role was evaluated based on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Yating Tang, Guang Li, Shan Wu, Lingrong Tang, Ning Zhang, Jinzhao Liu, Shuo Zhang, Lei Yao
Immunotherapy with anti-programmed cell death protein 1 or programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) agents has demonstrated promising efficacy for the treatment of various types of malignancies. However, the role of PD-L1 as a tumor prognostic marker remains poorly understood. In the present study, the prognostic value of PD-L1 expression in esophageal carcinoma (EC) following definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) was investigated, and its associations with three systemic inflammation biomarkers, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) were further explored...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Takaki Akamine, Kazuki Takada, Gouji Toyokawa, Fumihiko Kinoshita, Taichi Matsubara, Yuka Kozuma, Naoki Haratake, Shinkichi Takamori, Fumihiko Hirai, Tetsuzo Tagawa, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yasuto Yoneshima, Isamu Okamoto, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Yoshinao Oda, Yoichi Nakanishi, Yoshihiko Maehara
OBJECTIVES: Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have been approved as a standard therapy for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although PD-L1 expression serves as a predictive biomarker for the efficacy of immunotherapy, there are no established biomarkers to predict the expression of PD-L1. The inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were recently shown to predict the efficacy of nivolumab for NSCLC patients...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Gulsah Gundogdu, Koksal Gundogdu
Adropin is newly discovered peptide hormone. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a kind of joint disease characterized by progressive joint cartilage loss and joint pain. The present study was carried out to investigate adropin and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels and the relationship between adropin in patients with knee OA classified by Kellgren-Lawrence (KL). A total of 60 knee OA patients and 30 healthy controls were included in this study. KL grading was carried out using the radiographic findings. Demographic characteristics and laboratory parameters were recorded...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Ki-Woong Nam, Tae Jung Kim, Chi Kyung Kim, Heejung Mo, Han-Yeong Jeong, Min Kyoung Kang, Moon-Ku Han, Sang-Bae Ko, Byung-Woo Yoon
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke patients with active cancer frequently experience early neurological deterioration (END); however, the predictors of END are not well studied. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has recently been described as a predictor of poor outcomes in cancer and stroke. However, its role in cancer-related stroke has not been addressed. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the association between the NLR and END in cancer-related stroke patients. METHODS: We included 85 cryptogenic stroke patients with active cancer...
2018: PloS One
Wuhao Huang, Shengguang Wang, Hua Zhang, Bin Zhang, Changli Wang
Objective: Cancer-associated inflammation and coagulation cascades play vital roles in cancer progression and survival. In this study, we investigated the significance of the combination of preoperative fibrinogen and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting the survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 589 patients with NSCLC who underwent surgery. The univariate and multivariate Cox survival analyses were used to evaluate the prognostic indicators, including the combination of fibrinogen and NLR (F-NLR)...
February 2018: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Chungen Lan, Xin Li, Xiuchao Wang, Jihui Hao, He Ren
Objective: Cystic lesions of the pancreas have been increasingly recognized. Some lesions exhibit benign behavior, while others have unequivocal malignant potential. Thus, accurate identification of malignancy in patients diagnosed with pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) remains a major challenge. The aim of this study was to define a combined criterion to better predict malignant lesions in patients with PCNs. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 165 patients who underwent resection of PCNs from October 2011 to May 2017...
February 2018: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Ersan Arda, Ilkan Yuksel, Basri Cakiroglu, Esra Akdeniz, Nusret Cilesiz
Introduction We investigated the association of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with tumor size and Fuhrman grade in nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cases. Materials and methods Data of nonmetastatic RCC (T1-4N0M0) cases, operated between 2010 and 2016, were retrospectively reviewed and 103 patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups according to tumor diameter (Group 1 T < 4 cm, Group 2 T ≥ 4 cm) and into three groups according to Fuhrman grade. Twenty-eight patients with a tumor diameter of 4 cm or less in Group 1 and 75 patients with a tumor diameter greater than 4 cm in Group 2 were compared...
January 10, 2018: Curēus
Masato Yasui, Yoriko Hasegawa, Takashi Kawahara, Yohei Kumano, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Nobuaki Matsubara, Hiroji Uemura
Abiraterone acetate (AA), a CYP17 inhibitor, now has a crucial role in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and previous studies have reported several prognostic clinical factors for AA treatment. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has also been investigated for a CRPC treatments in a few reports, however it has not been identified to be a prognostic factor for AA treatment in Japanese patients. The present study aimed to assess the association of the baseline NLR with the overall survival (OS) in CPRC patients treated by AA...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Chaobin He, Yize Mao, Xiangming Lao, Shengping Li, Xiaojun Lin
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been regarded as a prognostic factor in various types of cancer. The present study aimed to identify the association between NLR and combined hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) in patients who underwent surgical resection. The present study retrospectively reviewed 59 patients who were diagnosed with cHCC-CC and treated with surgical resection between January 2000 and October 2014 at the Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China)...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Claudia Marchetti, Alessia Romito, Angela Musella, Giulia Santo, Innocenza Palaia, Giorgia Perniola, Violante Di Donato, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
OBJECTIVES: In ovarian cancer (OC), approximately 70% will relapse within 12 months from diagnosis; inflammation plays an important role in cancer initiating and progression; thus, a combination of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and fibrinogen (F-NLR) has been proposed as prognostic marker in several tumors. The aim of our study was to investigate the correlation between NLR, fibrinogen, and F-NLR and survival in OC population. METHODS: Patients with diagnosis of OC admitted to our institute between 2011 and 2016 were included...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Mario Gennaro Mazza, Sara Lucchi, Agnese Grazia Maria Tringali, Aurora Rossetti, Eugenia Rossana Botti, Massimo Clerici
The immune and inflammatory system is involved in the etiology of mood disorders. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) are inexpensive and reproducible biomarkers of inflammation. This is the first meta-analysis exploring the role of NLR and PLR in mood disorder. We identified 11 studies according to our inclusion criteria from the main Electronic Databases. Meta-analyses were carried out generating pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) between index and healthy controls (HC)...
March 10, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Shu-Qi Li, Yu-Huan Jiang, Jin Lin, Jing Zhang, Fan Sun, Qiu-Fang Gao, Lei Zhang, Qing-Gen Chen, Xiao-Zhong Wang, Hou-Qun Ying
Chronic inflammation is one of the critical causes to promote the initiation and metastasis of solid malignancies including lung cancer (LC). Here, we aimed to investigate the prognostic roles of albumin (Alb)-to-fibrinogen (Fib) ratio (AFR), Fib and Alb in LC and to establish a novel effective nomogram combined with AFR. Four hundred twelve LC patients diagnosed between February 2005 and December 2014 were recruited in this prospective study. The prognostic roles of AFR, Fib, Alb, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) were identified by X-tile software, Kaplan-Meier curve, Cox regression model, and time-dependent ROC...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Yisheng Wei, Xiao Zhang, Guoying Wang, Yaguang Zhou, Minrui Luo, Shan Wang, Chuyuan Hong
AIM: The effects of circulating eosinophils and basophils on cancer survival are unclear. Here, we aimed to explore the impacts of eosinophils and basophils on prognosis of stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: From February 2003 to March 2013, 569 stage I-III CRC patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. The associations between pretreatment circulating eosinophils, basophils and CRC overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) were investigated...
March 12, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Shams Kholoussi, Naglaa Kholoussi, Moushira Erfan Zaki, Hala T El-Bassyouni, Hala Elnady, Botros Morcos, Asem Abo-Shanab
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate T & B lymphocyte subsets and Natural Killer (NK) cells patterns in children with FMF versus normal control subjects, to estimate the immunoglobulins IgG, IgM, and IgA levels, and to scrutinize the possible use of Neutrophil / Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a marker for subclinical inflammation in FMF patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 42 patients with FMF attending the Genetics Clinic at National Research Centre were included in this study...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Aurélien Dupré, Hassan Z Malik
Chronic inflammation is an aberrantly prolonged form of a protective response to a loss of tissue homeostasis and it is involved in several steps of the carcinogenesis process. As a result, many cancers are inflammation-related. The systemic inflammatory response is associated with survival in advanced and localized cancers. Two categories of scores have been proposed to monitor the systemic inflammatory response, those derived from protein measurement and those based on counting inflammatory cells. This review aims to provide a critical appraisal of these 2 categories of surrogate markers...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Junyi Shen, Jun Wen, Chuan Li, Tianfu Wen, Lvnan Yan, Bo Li, Jiayin Yang, Changli Lu
BACKGROUND: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is well established as a negative prognostic factor for hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC). However, its prognostic value in different subgroups of Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC) stages remains to be elucidated. METHODS: Four hundred fifty-eight MVI-negative and 204 MVI-positive patients who underwent hepatectomy were retrospectively analyzed. After propensity score matching (PSM) analysis, 187 pairs of matched patients were generated...
March 12, 2018: BMC Cancer
Weijing Li, Xiaolin Ai, Yuenan Ni, Zengpanpan Ye, Zongan Liang
PURPOSE: Systemic inflammation relates to the initiation and progression of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). As neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown to be a prognostic inflammatory biomarker in various diseases, in this study, we sought to explore whether NLR is a prognostic factor in patients with ARDS. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on patients diagnosed as ARDS admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). We calculated the NLR by dividing the neutrophil count by the lymphocyte count and categorized patients into four groups based on quartile of NLR values...
March 9, 2018: Shock
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