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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731876/neuraxial-drug-delivery-for-the-management-of-cancer-pain-cost-updates-and-society-guidelines
#1
Collin F M Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present study discusses the utilization of neuraxial drug delivery (NDD) for the management of cancer pain, based on recent trials, reviews, and guidelines with a focus on cost analysis. RECENT FINDINGS: Almost all recent publications suggest that more stringent research is needed to improve evidence on NDD, particularly as conflicting reports exist regarding cost effectiveness of drug delivery systems. The combination of local anesthetics and opioids, with or without clonidine, continues to be reported as beneficial with the utilization of patient controlled systems providing an advantage over continuous ones...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731637/do-low-income-cypriots-experience-food-stress-the-cost-of-a-healthy-food-basket-relative-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-in-nicosia-cyprus
#2
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia Andreou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost, acceptability and affordability of the healthy food basket (HFB) among low-income families in Cyprus. METHODS: HFBs were constructed based on the National Guidelines for Nutrition and Exercise for six different types of households. Acceptability was tested through focus groups. Affordability was defined as the cost of the HFB as a percentage of the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). The value of the GMI is set to be equal to €480 for a single individual and increases with the size of the recipient unit in accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalence scales...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730970/healthy-diet-and-reduction-of-chronic-disease-risks-of-night-shift-workers
#3
Giovanni M Ferri, Domenica Cavone, Graziana Intranuovo, Linda Macinagrossa
BACKGROUND: The large increase in epidemiological studies on night shift work is due to the important effects of night shift work on workers' health and psychophysical wellbeing. The short-term effects-insomnia, difficulties in managing work and private life, lower work performance, and more work and extra-work accidents-are easily studied. However, there are several long-term effects that are difficult to study because of the need for detailed exposure assessment and the long latency periods of these diseases...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730904/occupational-therapists-awareness-of-guidelines-for-assessment-and-diagnosis-of-developmental-coordination-disorder-mesure-selon-laquelle-les-ergoth%C3%A3-rapeutes-connaissent-les-lignes-directrices-relatives-%C3%A3-l-%C3%A3-valuation-et-au-diagnostic-du-trouble-du-d%C3%A3-veloppement
#4
Morgan Karkling, Alissa Paul, Jill G Zwicker
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a motor skills disorder that can have negative lifelong psychosocial impacts if not diagnosed. Occupational therapists have a role in facilitating a diagnosis for children with DCD through assessment. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of understanding of current DCD guidelines for assessment and diagnosis among occupational therapists working in paediatric settings in British Columbia, Canada...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730361/the-effect-of-different-surface-materials-on-runoff-quality-in-permeable-pavement-systems
#5
Haiyan Li, Zhifei Li, Xiaoran Zhang, Zhuorong Li, Dongqing Liu, Tanghu Li, Ziyang Zhang
To investigate the effect of different permeable pavement surface materials on the removal of pollutants from urban storm-runoff, six commonly surface materials (porous asphalt, porous concrete, cement brick, ceramic brick, sand base brick, and shale brick) were selected in this study and the research was carried out by column experiments. Except the concentrations of total suspended solids (TSS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N), nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) in the influent and effluent that were measured, the removal mechanism of pollutants was discussed further...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730317/assessment-of-hepatitis-b-virus-antibody-titers-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#6
Najwa Yahya Fayea, Shaimaa Mohamed Kandil, Khadijah Boujettif, Ashraf Elsayed Fouda
Pediatric patients suffering from cancer are at risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its related complications even though it is considered a vaccine preventable disease. Little is known of the effects of chemotherapy, and even less is known regarding the impact of HBV booster on HBV antibody titers. It is the purpose of this study to investigate and measure the prevalence of the antihepatitis B surface antibodies (HBsAb) in childhood cancer survivors after completion of their chemotherapy treatment and to further evaluate survivors' response to a single booster dose of HBV vaccine...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730297/trauma-to-the-bladder-and-ureter-a-review-of-diagnosis-management-and-prognosis
#7
REVIEW
B Phillips, S Holzmer, L Turco, M Mirzaie, E Mause, A Mause, A Person, S W Leslie, D L Cornell, M Wagner, R Bertellotti, J A Asensio
BACKGROUND: Injuries to the ureter or bladder are relatively rare. Therefore, a high level of clinical suspicion and knowledge of operative anatomy is of utmost importance for their management. Herein, a review of the literature related to the modern diagnosis, management, and prognosis for bladder and ureteral injuries is presented. METHODS: A literature search was conducted through PubMed. A thorough search of the world's literature published in English was completed...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729906/update-on-pediatric-sepsis-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Tatsuya Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of mortality among children worldwide. Unfortunately, however, reliable evidence was insufficient in pediatric sepsis and many aspects in clinical practice actually depend on expert consensus and some evidence in adult sepsis. More recent findings have given us deep insights into pediatric sepsis since the publication of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines 2012. MAIN TEXT: New knowledge was added regarding the hemodynamic management and the timely use of antimicrobials...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729881/outcomes-following-repair-of-incarcerated-and-strangulated-ventral-hernias-with-or-without-synthetic-mesh
#9
Sameh Hany Emile, Hesham Elgendy, Ahmad Sakr, Waleed Ahmed Gado, Ahmed Aly Abdelmawla, Mahmoud Abdelnaby, Alaa Magdy
BACKGROUND: The use of synthetic mesh for ventral hernia repair under contaminated conditions is a controversial issue due to the considerable risk of surgical site infection (SSI). This study aimed to review the outcomes of repair of incarcerated and strangulated ventral hernias with or without synthetic mesh in compliance with established clinical guidelines regarding the incidence of SSI and hernia recurrence. METHODS: The records of patients with complicated ventral hernias who were treated with or without synthetic mesh repair were reviewed...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729366/recommendation-on-design-execution-and-reporting-of-animal-atherosclerosis-studies-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#10
REVIEW
Alan Daugherty, Alan R Tall, Mat J A P Daemen, Erling Falk, Edward A Fisher, Guillermo García-Cardeña, Aldons J Lusis, A Phillip Owens, Michael E Rosenfeld, Renu Virmani
Animal studies are a foundation for defining mechanisms of atherosclerosis and potential targets of drugs to prevent lesion development or reverse the disease. In the current literature, it is common to see contradictions of outcomes in animal studies from different research groups, leading to the paucity of extrapolations of experimental findings into understanding the human disease. The purpose of this statement is to provide guidelines for development and execution of experimental design and interpretation in animal studies...
July 20, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729353/recommendation-on-design-execution-and-reporting-of-animal-atherosclerosis-studies-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#11
REVIEW
Alan Daugherty, Alan R Tall, Mat J A P Daemen, Erling Falk, Edward A Fisher, Guillermo García-Cardeña, Aldons J Lusis, A Phillip Owens, Michael E Rosenfeld, Renu Virmani
Animal studies are a foundation for defining mechanisms of atherosclerosis and potential targets of drugs to prevent lesion development or reverse the disease. In the current literature, it is common to see contradictions of outcomes in animal studies from different research groups, leading to the paucity of extrapolations of experimental findings into understanding the human disease. The purpose of this statement is to provide guidelines for development and execution of experimental design and interpretation in animal studies...
July 20, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729309/the-role-of-a-decision-support-smartphone-application-in-enhancing-community-health-volunteers-effectiveness-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-in-nairobi-kenya-quasi-experimental-research-protocol
#12
Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Milka Omuya, Abdhalah K Ziraba, Catherine Kyobutungi
INTRODUCTION: Improving maternal and newborn survival remains major aspirations for many countries in the Global South. Slum settlements, a result of rapid urbanisation in many developing countries including Kenya, exhibit high levels of maternal and neonatal mortality. There are limited referral mechanisms for sick neonates and their mothers from the community to healthcare facilities with ability to provide adequate care. In this study, we specifically plan to develop and assess the added value of having community health volunteers (CHVs) use smartphones to identify and track mothers and children in a bid to reduce pregnancy-related complications and newborn deaths in the urban slums of Kamukunji subcounty in Nairobi, Kenya...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729236/adolescents-perspectives-on-personalized-e-feedback-in-the-context-of-health-risk-behavior-screening-for-primary-care-qualitative-study
#13
Garret G Zieve, Laura P Richardson, Katherine Katzman, Heather Spielvogle, Sandy Whitehouse, Carolyn A McCarty
BACKGROUND: Electronic health screening tools for primary care present an opportunity to go beyond data collection to provide education and feedback to adolescents in order to motivate behavior change. However, there is limited research to guide feedback message development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore youth perceptions of and preferences for receiving personalized feedback for multiple health risk behaviors and reinforcement for health promoting behaviors from an electronic health screening tool for primary care settings, using qualitative methodology...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729235/improving-adherence-to-web-based-and-mobile-technologies-for-people-with-psychosis-systematic-review-of-new-potential-predictors-of-adherence
#14
Clare Killikelly, Zhimin He, Clare Reeder, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Despite the boom in new technologically based interventions for people with psychosis, recent studies suggest medium to low rates of adherence to these types of interventions. The benefits will be limited if only a minority of service users adhere and engage; if specific predictors of adherence can be identified then technologies can be adapted to increase the service user benefits. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to present a systematic review of rates of adherence, dropout, and approaches to analyzing adherence to newly developed mobile and Web-based interventions for people with psychosis...
July 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729122/evidence-based-guidelines-for-preventing-and-managing-side-effects-of-multiple-myeloma
#15
REVIEW
Page Bertolotti, Amy Pierre, Sandra Rome, Beth Faiman
OBJECTIVE: To review disease-related symptoms and side effects of treatment in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed articles, research studies, and clinical guidelines. CONCLUSION: New therapies provide patients with extended survival, but in many cases this benefit is counterbalanced by an increased incidence of side effects. Preservation of organ function, while managing side effects, is essential for the care of patients with MM...
July 18, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728922/existing-reporting-guidelines-for-clinical-trials-are-not-completely-relevant-for-implantable-medical-devices-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Anne-France Motte, Stéphanie Diallo, Hélène van den Brink, Constance Châteauvieux, Carole Serrano, Carole Naud, Julie Steelandt, Jean-Marc Alsac, Pierre Aubry, Florence Cour, Olivier Pellerin, Judith Pineau, Patrice Prognon, Isabelle Borget, Brigitte Bonan, Nicolas Martelli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine relevant items for reporting clinical trials on implantable medical devices and to identify reporting guidelines which include these items. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A panel of experts identified the most relevant items for evaluating implantable medical devices from an initial list based on reference papers. We then conducted a systematic review of articles indexed in MEDLINE. We retrieved reporting guidelines from the EQUATOR network's library for health research reporting...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728893/-%C3%A2-2015-revised-utstein-style-recommended-guidelines-for-uniform-reporting-of-data-from-drowning-related-resuscitation-an-ilcor-advisory-statement
#17
Ahamed H Idris, Joost J L M Bierens, Gavin D Perkins, Volker Wenzel, Vinay Nadkarni, Peter Morley, David S Warner, Alexis Topjian, Allart M Venema, Christine M Branche, David Szpilman, Luiz Morizot-Leite, Masahiko Nitta, Bo Løfgren, Jonathon Webber, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Stephen B Beerman, Chun Song Youn, Ulrich Jost, Linda Quan, Cameron Dezfulian, Anthony J Handley, Mary Fran Hazinski
BACKGROUND: Utstein-style guidelines use an established consensus process, endorsed by the international resuscitation community, to facilitate and structure resuscitation research and publication. The first "Guidelines for Uniform Reporting of Data From Drowning" were published over a decade ago. During the intervening years, resuscitation science has advanced considerably, thus making revision of the guidelines timely. In particular, measurement of cardiopulmonary resuscitation elements and neurological outcomes reporting have advanced substantially...
June 23, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728552/study-protocol-for-a-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-two-models-of-perinatal-integrated-psychosocial-assessment-the-pipa-project
#18
Nicole Reilly, Emma Black, Georgina M Chambers, Virginia Schmied, Stephen Matthey, Josephine Farrell, Dawn Kingston, Andrew Bisits, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: Studies examining psychosocial and depression assessment programs in maternity settings have not adequately considered the context in which psychosocial assessment occurs or how broader components of integrated care, including clinician decision-making aids, may optimise program delivery and its cost-effectiveness. There is also limited evidence relating to the diagnostic accuracy of symptom-based screening measures used in this context. The Perinatal Integrated Psychosocial Assessment (PIPA) Project was developed to address these knowledge gaps...
July 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728354/spatial-assessment-of-potential-ecological-risk-of-soil-heavy-metals-from-informal-e-waste-recycling-in-ghana
#19
Vincent Nartey Kyere, Klaus Greve, Sampson Atiemo, James Hawkins Ephraim
The rapidly increasing annual global volumes and the inherently valuable fractions of e-waste have created an avenue for individuals in Agbogbloshie, Accra, Ghana to make a living by utilizing unconventional, uncontrolled, primitive and crude procedures to recycle and recover valuable metals from these wastes. The current form of recycling procedures releases hazardous fractions such as heavy metals into the soils posing a significant risk to ecology and human health. 132 soil samples based on 100 m grid intervals were collected using handheld GPS and analyzed for Cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) heavy metals...
July 10, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728039/cognitive-restructuring-of-gambling-related-thoughts-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Maxime Chrétien, Isabelle Giroux, Annie Goulet, Christian Jacques, Stéphane Bouchard
Gamblers' thoughts have a fundamental influence on their gambling problem. Cognitive restructuring is the intervention of choice to correct those thoughts. However, certain difficulties are noted in the application of cognitive restructuring techniques and the comprehension of their guidelines. Furthermore, the increase of skill game players (e.g. poker) entering treatment creates a challenge for therapists, as these gamblers present with different thoughts than those of the gamblers usually encountered in treatment (e...
July 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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