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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227829/development-of-a-diagnostic-feedback-device-to-assess-neonatal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-chest-compression-performance
#1
Debbie Lloyd, Dawie van den Heever, Kiran Dellimore, Johan Smith, Debbie Lloyd, Dawie van den Heever, Kiran Dellimore, Johan Smith, Dawie Van Den Heever, Johan Smith, Kiran Dellimore, Debbie Lloyd
Neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (NCPR) is an important intervention to save the lives of newborns who suffer from cardiac and respiratory arrest. Despite its importance there is a dearth of NCPR research and no commercially available feedback device suitable for use during NCPR. The aim of this study is to develop a diagnostic feedback device in the form of a patch placed on the infant's chest. The diagnostic feedback patch measures both the compression depth and force during NCPR, while giving audio-visual feedback according to current NCPR guidelines...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224928/impact-of-right-ventricular-function-on-outcome-of-severe-aortic-stenosis-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#2
Edward Koifman, Romain Didier, Nirav Patel, Zack Jerusalem, Sarkis Kiramijyan, Itsik Ben-Dor, Smita I Negi, Zuyue Wang, Steven A Goldstein, Michael J Lipinski, Rebecca Torguson, Jiaxiang Gai, Augusto D Pichard, Lowell F Satler, Ron Waksman, Federico M Asch
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction was shown to be associated with adverse outcomes in a variety of cardiac patients and is considered a risk factor for adverse outcome according to the updated Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to assess the impact of RV function at baseline on 1-year mortality among patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: All patients with severe AS treated with TAVR from May 2007 to March 2015 at our center were included in the present study, and baseline and procedural characteristics were recorded for each patient...
February 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224029/designing-clinical-and-genetic-guidelines-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-as-an-effective-roadmap-for-risk-management
#3
Mohammad Reza Zali, Reza Safdari, Elham Maserat, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei
AIM: We aimed to present clinical and genetic guidelines of colorectal cancer screening for risk assessment of populations at risk. BACKGROUND: National guidelines can be used as a guide for choosing the method of screening for each individual. These guidelines facilitate decision making and support the delivery of cancer screening service. METHODS: In the first step, a comparative study was performed by using secondary data extracted from the literature review...
December 2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223666/-geriatric-oncology
#4
Satoko Maeno, Fumio Nagashima, Daisuke Naruge, Naohiro Okano, Kirio Kawai, Takaaki Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kitamura, Junji Furuse
The number of older adults in Japan is rising, and healthcare for older patients differs from those of younger patients.We have limited available data regarding the outcomes of cancer treatment in this population.In addition, we have few guidelines to address the evaluation and treatment of older cancer patients in Japan.The Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development(AMED)has funded clinical research focusing on elderly cancer patients.We organized the Geriatric Study Committee in Japan Clinical Oncology Group(JCOG)to develop geriatric research policy in this area...
February 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222736/implementing-guidelines-and-training-initiatives-to-improve-cross-cultural-communication-in-primary-care-consultations-a-qualitative-participatory-european-study
#5
E Teunissen, K Gravenhorst, C Dowrick, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, F Van den Driessen Mareeuw, T de Brún, N Burns, C Lionis, F S Mair, C O'Donnell, M O'Reilly-de Brún, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Cross-cultural communication in primary care is often difficult, leading to unsatisfactory, substandard care. Supportive evidence-based guidelines and training initiatives (G/TIs) exist to enhance cross cultural communication but their use in practice is sporadic. The objective of this paper is to elucidate how migrants and other stakeholders can adapt, introduce and evaluate such G/TIs in daily clinical practice. METHODS: We undertook linked qualitative case studies to implement G/TIs focused on enhancing cross cultural communication in primary care, in five European countries...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222571/the-edurep-approach-plus-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-a-case-report
#6
Francesco Sartorio, Anna Zanetta, Giorgio Ferriero, Elisabetta Bravini, Stefano Vercelli
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) is a challenging overuse disorder. The aim of this case report was to study the feasibility of a comprehensive rehabilitative approach according to the Education, Unloading, Reloading, and Prevention (EdUReP) framework combined with Instrument-Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization (I-ASTM). METHODS: An active 51-year-old man patient with chronic IAT was studied. Clinical assessment battery was composed by visual analogue scale for pain during the Achilles tendon palpation test, passive straight leg raise test, single leg hop test, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, and Foot and Ankle Ability Measure...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221964/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#7
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
Reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents challenges that often are not addressed in published reporting guidelines. Our objective was to develop an extension of the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement that addresses unique reporting requirements for observational studies in veterinary medicine related to health, production, welfare, and food safety. We conducted a consensus meeting with 17 experts in Mississauga, Canada. Experts completed a premeeting survey about whether items in the STROBE statement should be modified or added to address unique issues related to observational studies in animal species with health, production, welfare, or food safety outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221908/content-analysis-of-vomit-and-diarrhea-cleanup-procedures-to-prevent-norovirus-infections-in-retail-and-food-service-operations
#8
Morgan G Chao, Anne-Julie Dubé, Cortney M Leone, Christina M Moore, Angela M Fraser
Human noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne disease in the United States, sickening 19 to 21 million Americans each year. Vomit and diarrhea are both highly concentrated sources of norovirus particles. For this reason, establishing appropriate cleanup procedures for these two substances is critical. Food service establishments in states that have adopted the 2009 or 2013 U.S. Food and Drug Administration Food Code are required to have a program detailing specific cleanup procedures. The aim of our study was to determine the alignment of existing vomit and diarrhea cleanup procedures with the 11 elements recommended in Annex 3 of the 2011 Supplement to the 2009 Food Code and to determine their readability and clarity of presentation...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220473/risk-of-stroke-after-bereavement-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
F S Aalbaek, S Graff, M Vestergaard
Several studies have suggested that psychological stress may increase the risk of stroke. However, this link remains a controversial issue because of conflicting findings. Bereavement, the loss of a close relative, is considered a severely stressful life event. Increased risk of stroke could thus be expected after bereavement if stress plays a causal role. We aimed to evaluate the association between bereavement and stroke by performing a systematic review of the existing literature. The literature search was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews...
February 20, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220448/multidimensional-treatment-of-cancer-pain
#10
REVIEW
Weiyang Christopher Liu, Zhong Xi Zheng, Kian Hian Tan, Gregory J Meredith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Though numerous treatment options are available to address cancer pain, inadequate management continues to be an ongoing problem worldwide. RECENT FINDINGS: A systematic review of the recent scientific literature was conducted with attention to new therapies along with reports of general consensus that were analyzed. Pain research continues to be difficult and though numerous guidelines have been developed, adequate powered studies are not common...
February 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220251/triple-aim-improvement-for-individuals-services-and-society-in-dementia-care-the-dementianet-collaborative-care-approach
#11
M S Nieuwboer, A Richters, M A van der Marck
BACKGROUND: A redesigning of primary care is required to meet dementia patients' needs. In the Netherlands, current dementia care still falls short in areas including ad hoc collaboration, lack of feedback on quality to professionals involved, and insufficient implementation of established multidisciplinary guidelines. OBJECTIVE: DementiaNet is a collaborative care approach, which aims to reduce the burden of the disease on individuals, healthcare services and society via network-based care that encourages collaboration, enhances knowledge and skills and stimulates quality improvement cycles...
February 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219392/meaning-and-barriers-to-quality-care-service-provision-in-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-qualitative-study-of-stakeholder-perspectives
#12
Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Pablo Ronzoni, Nisha Dogra
BACKGROUND: Defining quality in health presents many challenges. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) defined quality clinical care as care that is equitable, timely, safe, efficient, effective and patient centred. However, it is not clear how different stakeholders within a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) understand and/or apply this framework. This project aims to identify key stakeholders" understanding of the meaning of quality in the context of CAMHS. METHOD: The study sample comprised of three groups: (i) patients and carers, (ii) CAMHS clinical staff, and (iii) commissioners (Total N = 24)...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218597/single-case-experimental-design-current-standards-and-applications-in-occupational-therapy
#13
Justin D Lane, Jennifer R Ledford, David L Gast
Occupational therapy is a field with a long-standing history of recommending and implementing interventions designed to improve the quality of life of clients with disabilities. Often, the interventions are individualized to meet the needs of this diverse group of clients in dynamic settings. Identifying effective and efficient interventions for such a diverse group of clients and settings requires a flexible research approach. Single-case experimental designs (SCEDs) allow practitioners and researchers to answer experimental questions within the context of rigorous research designs...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218020/stroke-rehabilitation-evidence-and-comorbidity-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Michelle L A Nelson, Kaileah A McKellar, Juliana Yi, Linda Kelloway, Sarah Munce, Cheryl Cott, Ruth Hall, Martin Fortin, Robert Teasell, Renee Lyons
BACKGROUND: Most strokes occur in the context of other medical diagnoses. Currently, stroke rehabilitation evidence reviews have not synthesized or presented evidence with a focus on comorbidities and correspondingly may not align with current patient population. The purpose of this review was to determine the extent and nature of randomized controlled trial stroke rehabilitation evidence that included patients with multimorbidity. METHODS: A systematic scoping review was conducted...
February 20, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216905/green-biosynthesis-characterization-in-vitro-antidiabetic-activity-and-investigational-acute-toxicity-studies-of-some-herbal-mediated-silver-nanoparticles-on-animal-models
#15
Kalakotla Shanker, Gottumukkala Krishna Mohan, Md Ashwaq Hussain, Naradala Jayarambabu, Poka Lakshmi Pravallika
: Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, altered carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism. In recent studies, Nanoscience and nanotechnology are blazing fields for researchers; for researchers; of late there has been a prodigious excitement in the field of nanopharmacology to study silver nanoparticle (SNP) synthesis using natural products. Biological methods have been used to synthesize SNPs using medicinally active plants having an antidiabetic role, and this made us to assess the biologically synthesized SNPs from the seed extract of Psoralea corylifolia using 1 mM silver nitrate solution...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216866/home-based-palliative-services-under-two-local-self-government-institutions-of-kerala-india-an-assessment-of-compliance-with-policy-and-guidelines-to-local-self-government-institutions
#16
Rajeev Jayalakshmi, Chatterjee Chopra Suhita
BACKGROUND: In contrast to India's poor performance in palliative and end-of-life care, the state of Kerala has gained considerable attention for its palliative care (PC) policy. This study tried to understand the structure, organization, and delivery of the program currently offered to the rural population, and its conformity to the state's PC policy and guidelines for Local Self-government Institutions (LSGIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive research design involving a review of Kerala palliative policy and guidelines for LSGIs was followed by direct field observation and interviews of stakeholders...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216425/repeated-day-1-fob-testing-in-ich-s7a-safety-assessment-protocols-the-influence-of-within-and-between-session-learning
#17
REVIEW
David V Gauvin, Zachary J Zimmermann, Jill A Dalton, Theodore J Baird
A large number of CNS safety assessment studies using the standard Functional Observational Battery (FOB) are conducted each year at Contract Research Organizations throughout the globe. Study design characteristics are as varied as the Sponsors for whom they are contracted. Gender inclusion, sample sizes, and timing of the FOBs are generally negotiated during protocol development. The ICH S7A guidelines describe a dose-effect study design for CNS safety assessment to be conducted prior to the first dose administration in man...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216379/association-between-muscle-strengthening-physical-activities-and-mortality-among-american-adults-with-mobility-limitations
#18
Paul D Loprinzi, Ovuokerie Addoh, Joshua R Mann
Compared to aerobic-based physical activity, less research has evaluated the effects of muscle-strengthening physical activity (MSPA) on mortality. Additionally, limited research has evaluated this among adults with mobility limitations, which was this study's purpose. Data from the 2003-2006 NHANES, with follow-up through 2011, were used (analyzed in 2016). MSPA was assessed via self-report, with all-cause, CVD-specific, and cancer-specific mortality assessed as the outcome variables. Analyses were limited to adults with mobility limitations (N=1411), assessed via a validated questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216084/vitamin-d-supplementation-guidelines
#19
Pawel Pludowski, Michael F Holick, William B Grant, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Mario R Mascarenhas, Afrozul Haq, Vladyslav Povoroznyuk, Nataliya Balatska, Ana Paula Barbosa, Tatiana Karonova, Ema Rudenka, Waldemar Misiorowski, Irina Zakharova, Alena Rudenka, Jacek Łukaszkiewicz, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Natalia Łaszcz, Pawel Abramowicz, Harjit P Bhattoa, Sunil J Wimalawansa
Research carried out during the past two-decades extended the understanding of actions of vitamin D, from regulating calcium and phosphate absorption and bone metabolism to many pleiotropic actions in organs and tissues in the body. Most observational and ecological studies report association of higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with improved outcomes for several chronic, communicable and non-communicable diseases. Consequently, numerous agencies and scientific organizations have developed recommendations for vitamin D supplementation and guidance on optimal serum 25(OH)D concentrations...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215456/food-and-beverage-selection-patterns-among-menu-label-users-and-nonusers-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jessie Gruner, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
BACKGROUND: By May 5, 2017, restaurants with 20 or more locations nationwide will be required to post calorie information on menus and menu boards. Previous research shows that those who use menu labels purchase fewer calories, but how users are saving calories is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess food and beverage selection patterns among menu label users and nonusers. DESIGN: Secondary, cross-sectional analysis using data from a study examining sociodemographic disparities in menu label usage at a national fast-food restaurant chain...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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