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Guideline, research, study

Emily S Mohn, Hua J Kern, Edward Saltzman, Susan H Mitmesser, Diane L McKay
The long-term use of prescription and over-the-counter drugs can induce subclinical and clinically relevant micronutrient deficiencies, which may develop gradually over months or even years. Given the large number of medications currently available, the number of research studies examining potential drug-nutrient interactions is quite limited. A comprehensive, updated review of the potential drug-nutrient interactions with chronic use of the most often prescribed medications for commonly diagnosed conditions among the general U...
March 20, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Derek M Griffith, Erin M Bergner, Emily K Cornish, Chelsea M McQueen
Relatively little is known about what helps increase physical activity in African American men, and even less is known about promoting physical activity among Latino men. This systematic review aimed to address the key questions: (a) what is the state of the evidence on health-related behavior change interventions targeting physical activity among African American or Latino men? and (b) What factors facilitate physical activity for these men? For this review, nine electronic databases were searched to identify peer-reviewed articles published between 2011-2017 that reported interventions to promote physical activity among African American or Latino men...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Sylvia L Crowder, Katherine G Douglas, M Yanina Pepino, Kalika P Sarma, Anna E Arthur
PURPOSE: It is estimated that more than 90% of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors who underwent chemoradiotherapy experience one or more nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) in the months or years thereafter. Despite the high prevalence, there is limited research addressing long-term impact of NIS on outcomes such as nutrition and quality of life in HNC survivors treated with chemoradiotherapy. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: The prevalence and consequences of nutrition impact symptoms are substantial among head and neck cancer survivors beyond the acute phase of cancer treatment...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Connor Sheehan, Daniel Powers, Claire Margerison-Zilko, Teresa McDevitt, Catherine Cubbin
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether historical neighborhood poverty measures are associated with mothers' reports of their children's sleep duration and to compare results from historical neighborhood poverty measures to contemporaneous measures of neighborhood poverty. DESIGN: The Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) study is a follow-up survey of mothers who gave birth between 2003 and 2007. GROW mothers assessed their own and their children's health and health behaviors 5-10 years later (2012-2013)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Susanne F Meisel, Philippa A Garety, Daniel Stahl, Lucia R Valmaggia
Paranoid ideation is a core feature of psychosis, and models of paranoia have long proposed that it arises in the context of disturbances in the perception of the self. However, to develop targeted interventions, there is a benefit in clarifying further, which aspects of self-perception are implicated. Interpersonal sensitivity is a personality trait which has been associated with the risk of paranoid thinking in the general population. However, not all studies have found this link. We aimed to review the empirical literature assessing the association between interpersonal sensitivity and paranoia in both general population and clinical samples; and to explore if associations found differed depending on whether state or trait paranoia was assessed...
March 20, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Katina Swan, Marie Hopper, Rachel Wenke, Claire Jackson, Tracy Till, Erin Conway
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence for direct and indirect interventions for communication in people with moderate-severe dementia. Method: A systematic search of the literature was conducted, as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysed guidelines, across 8 electronic databases. Studies were included if they included direct or indirect interventions, which could be administered by a speech-language pathologist to people with moderate-severe dementia (defined as having Mini-Mental State Examination of ≤ 15; Folstein, Folstein, & McHugh, 1975)...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Henry H Nguyen, Abdel Aziz Shaheen, Natalia Baeza, Ellina Lytvyak, Stefan J Urbanski, Andrew L Mason, Gary L Norman, Marvin J Fritzler, Mark G Swain
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Up to 20% of Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) patients are estimated to have features that overlap with Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH). Patients with PBC-AIH overlap syndrome (PBC-AIH OS) have been reported to exhibit suboptimal responses to ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, and are more likely to progress to cirrhosis. Anti-double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) and anti-p53 have been previously suggested to be potential autoantibodies for identifying patients with PBC-AIH OS...
2018: PloS One
Jo Frost, Fiona Robinson, Judi Hibberd
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dysphagia in adults arises from a range of causes including acquired neurological disorders and some cancers. Previous research has suggested that treatment using neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) when used in conjunction with conventional therapy is effective. This review describes the recent literature and a small prospective case series carried out in the United Kingdom. This study contributed to support National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidance for clinicians who wish to include NMES in a rehabilitation programme for dysphagic patients, specifically with reference to safety and the impact on swallowing function of this intervention...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Musallam Abukhalil, Osama Mehjez, Mohammed Aladdam, Bettina Bottcher, Sobhi Skaik, Mohammed Matter
BACKGROUND: In 2013, al-Shifa Hospital, the largest hospital in the Gaza Strip, introduced an assessment programme for potential kidney donors on the basis of medical and radiological evaluation. The aims of this study and an associated clinical audit were to examine the final outcome of the potential live kidney donors assessment programme, to review the findings and determine the level of accuracy of the radiological evaluations, to assess the completeness and standard of radiological record keeping, and to evaluate adherence to guidelines...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Julia Ae Walters, Daniel J Tan, Clinton J White, Richard Wood-Baker
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend that patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be treated with systemic corticosteroid for seven to 14 days. Intermittent systemic corticosteroid use is cumulatively associated with adverse effects such as osteoporosis, hyperglycaemia and muscle weakness. Shorter treatment could reduce adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of short-duration (seven or fewer days) and conventional longer-duration (longer than seven days) systemic corticosteroid treatment of adults with acute exacerbations of COPD...
March 19, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jun-Hua Zhang, You-Ping Li, Bo-Li Zhang
The introduction and popularization of evidence-based medicine has opened up a new research field of clinical efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), produced new research ideas and methods, and promoted the progress of clinical research of TCM. After about 20 years assiduous study and earnest practice, the evidence based evaluation method and technique, which conforms to the characteristics of TCM theory and practice, has been developing continuously. Evidence-based Chinese medicine (EBCM) has gradually formed and become an important branch of evidence-based medicine...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Asra Parveen, Vijaykumar B Malashetty, Bhagavanraju Mantripragada, Manjunath S Yalagatti, Venkataraman Abbaraju, Raghunandan Deshpande
Gold nanoparticles offer a great promise in clinical research. Despite various applications of the metal nanoparticles it is challenging to implement in vivo in clinical applications . This aspect is deprived of understanding the biological mechanisms that occurs in the cells. In this report we have evaluated application of AuNP on the safety profile at different doses (100, 200, and 500 μg/kg Bwt/day) on intravenous administration in rats regularly for 28 days. The study was performed based on the OECD test guideline 407...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
B Rabischong, R Botchorishvili, N Bourdel, S Curinier, S Campagne-Loiseau, J L Pouly, M Canis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and functional urinary and digestive results of nerve sparing techniques in endometriosis surgery. METHODS: A research on the medline/pubmed database using specific keywords (nerve sparing, endometriosis, pelvic nerves) identified 7 publications among about 50 whose purpose was to describe the feasibility, the techniques and the functional results of nerve preservation in this indication. Among them there are: 2 uncontrolled retrospective studies, 3 prospective non-randomized studies, a meta-analysis and a review of the literature...
March 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
C B Terwee, C A C Prinsen, A Chiarotto, M J Westerman, D L Patrick, J Alonso, L M Bouter, H C W de Vet, L B Mokkink
BACKGROUND: Content validity is the most important measurement property of a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) and the most challenging to assess. Our aims were to: (1) develop standards for evaluating the quality of PROM development; (2) update the original COSMIN standards for assessing the quality of content validity studies of PROMs; (3) develop criteria for what constitutes good content validity of PROMs, and (4) develop a rating system for summarizing the evidence on a PROM's content validity and grading the quality of the evidence in systematic reviews of PROMs...
March 17, 2018: Quality of Life Research
E Oliosi, O Pointeau, E Mazoyer, S Le Jeune, B Giroux-Leprieur, R Dhôte, J J Mourad
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are drugs with a major risk of side effect. Guidelines have been published in 2008 by the Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) concerning the management of an excessively elevated INR ratio. Our research aimed to assess physicians' adherence to those guidelines. METHODS: We realized a retrospective, multicentric study. One hundred and ten cases of excessively elevated INR ratio were identified and analyzed. RESULTS: Overall physicians adherence was 58%...
March 14, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Katja Ehrenbrusthoff, Cormac G Ryan, Christian Grüneberg, Denis J Martin
BACKGROUND: Deficits in the sensorimotor system and its peripheral and central processing of the affected body part might be a contributing factor to chronic low back pain (CLBP). Hence, sensorimotor assessment is important. Valid and reliable sensorimotor measurement instruments are needed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability and validity of sensorimotor measurement instruments for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
March 2, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Julia Morris, Deborah Turnbull, David Preen, Ian Zajac, Angelita Martini
This study reviewed the literature regarding the psychological, social, and behavioural impact of parental cancer on offspring aged 10-24 years, at the time of the parent's first diagnosis. A systematic literature review was conducted following 2015 PRISMA guidelines. Seven studies met inclusion criteria. Offspring were impacted by their parent's cancer and experienced psychological and behavioural problems. Daughters and offspring who experienced more problems at their parent's diagnosis appeared to be most impacted...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
Meenu Singh, Nandini Paul, Shreya Singh, Gyan Ranjan Nayak
Asthma is an allergic, respiratory disorder characterized by hyper responsiveness of the airway to external stimuli. Considerable research is currently being directed towards understanding the role of environmental and genetic factors contributing to the development of asthma and its severity. Recent years have seen a substantial rise in evidence linking fungi to asthma. Few major clinical conditions associated with fungal sensitization and hypersensitive immune response are Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) and Severe asthma with fungal sensitization (SAFS)...
March 17, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Anne M Schijvens, Rob Ter Heine, Saskia N de Wildt, Michiel F Schreuder
Nephrotic syndrome is one of the most common glomerular disorders in childhood. Glucocorticoids have been the cornerstone of the treatment of childhood nephrotic syndrome for several decades, as the majority of children achieves complete remission after prednisone or prednisolone treatment. Currently, treatment guidelines for the first manifestation and relapse of nephrotic syndrome are mostly standardized, while large inter-individual variation is present in the clinical course of disease and side effects of glucocorticoid treatment...
March 16, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Jorge Vilar-Palop, Ildefonso Hernandez-Aguado, María Pastor-Valero, José Vilar, Isabel González-Alvarez, Blanca Lumbreras
OBJECTIVES: To determine the appropriateness of medical imaging examinations involving radiation and to estimate the effective radiation dose and costs associated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: Two Spanish public tertiary hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 2022 medical imaging tests were extracted from the radiology information system in February and March of 2014. MRI and ultrasound examinations were excluded...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
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