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HEMODIALYSIS CATHETERS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798220/vascular-access-type-and-clinical-outcomes-among-elderly-patients-on-hemodialysis
#1
Timmy Lee, Mae Thamer, Qian Zhang, Yi Zhang, Michael Allon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The optimal type of initial permanent access for hemodialysis among the elderly is controversial. Duration of central venous catheter dependence, patient comorbidities, and life expectancy are important considerations in whether to place an arteriovenous fistula or graft. We used an observational study design to compare clinical outcomes in elderly patients who initiated hemodialysis with a central venous catheter and subsequently had an arteriovenous fistula or graft placed...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795380/peritoneal-dialysis-associated-catheter-infection-caused-by-mycobacterium-abscessus-in-an-elderly-patient-who-was-successfully-treated-with-catheter-removal
#2
Arata Hibi, Takahisa Kasugai, Keisuke Kamiya, Keisuke Kamiya, Chiharu Ito, Satoru Kominato, Ken Mizuguchi, Toshiyuki Miura, Katsushi Koyama
An 89-year-old Japanese man on peritoneal dialysis (PD) was suspected of having a PD-associated catheter infection. He visited the hospital because of the discharge of pus from the exit site of his catheter. Gram staining of the pus showed Gram-positive bacilli, but these were acid-fast bacilli. The rapidly growing nontuberculous mycobacteria, Mycobacterium abscessus, was isolated. PD catheter removal and debridement were immediately performed. The patient received combination antibiotic therapy. His clinical course was good, but he required hemodialysis due to the discontinuation of PD...
August 9, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795012/chronic-kidney-disease-and-sports-participation-by-children-and-adolescents
#3
REVIEW
Vimal Master Sankar Raj, Dilip R Patel, Lakshmi Ramachandran
Individuals suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) deal with major morbidity and mortality including poor exercise tolerance. A variety of factors including anemia, poor muscle mass, cardiovascular changes and limited physical activity contribute to exercise intolerance. Studies suggest that early initiation of aerobic and resistance training improves the muscle function, ability to tolerate exercise and quality of life in CKD patients. A thorough medical examination and exercise testing are recommended before initiating an exercise regimen in individuals with CKD...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790271/-chronic-kidney-disease-tips-and-pitfall-of-perioperative-management
#4
Satsuki Fukushima, Tomoyuki Fujita, Junjiro Kobayashi
Chronic kidney disease(CKD) is an important risk factor of open heart surgery. In addition, worsening of kidney function after the surgery leads to poor prognosis long-term. It is therefore crucial to protect the kidney function by intensive perioperative management in open heart surgery. In the patients having stage 3-4 CKD, mean arterial pressure needs to be higher than 70 mmHg and cardiac index needs to be greater than 2.4 intraoperatively and postoperatively. Continuous right heart monitoring by Swan-Ganz catheter is useful for this purpose...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779785/symptomatic-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-hemodialysis-patients-mid-term-results-of-primary-stenting
#5
Mafalda Massara, Giovanni De Caridi, Antonino Alberti, Pietro Volpe, Francesco Spinelli
This clinical report details the results of endovascular treatment of symptomatic superior vena cava syndrome due to central vein stenosis or obstruction (CVSO) by stent angioplasty in patients with dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease. A 3-year retrospective review of two institutional registries identified 25 chronic hemodialysis patients (17 men, 8 women) affected by CVSO who received endovascular treatment. The majority of the patients (n = 19) presented with symptomatic arm, breast, and facial swelling; and 6 patients presented with dialysis-access dysfunction and venous-line hypertension...
December 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777424/authors-response-to-reducing-tunneled-catheter-related-infection-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-nationwide-standardization-of-catheter-care-protocol
#6
Ibironke W Apata, John Hanfelt, James L Bailey, Vandana Dua Niyyar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777422/the-use-of-streptokinase-for-restoration-of-patency-to-hemodialysis-central-venous-catheters-a-low-cost-safe-and-effective-option
#7
Bahman Bashardoust, Shahram Habibzadeh, Afshan Sharghi, Raheleh Eskandari, Nasrollah Maleki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777420/procalcitonin-level-as-a-surrogate-for-catheter-related-blood-stream-infection-among-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Mahmoud Hamada Imam, Eman Gamal
INTRODUCTION: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a frequent complication among hemodialysis patients who usually are presented with nonspecific signs such as fever, rigors, and hypotension. Blood culture will take up to 5 days and antimicrobials will be started. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a valid marker in sepsis. Our goal in this study is to evaluate its usefulness as a diagnostic marker in detecting CRBSI among hemodialysis patients who present with suspected CRBSI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-one hemodialysis patients with suspected CRBSI were enrolled in this study...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777418/reducing-tunneled-catheter-related-infection-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-nationwide-standardization-of-catheter-care-protocol
#9
Kian-Guan Lee, Li Choo Ng, Wenxiang Yeon, Sumathi Silva Thore, Maslinna Abd Rahman, Siti Nurhidayah Mohamed Rofi, Wei Wei Lim, Moi Lin Ling, Hui Lin Choong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777407/management-of-hypertension-in-patients-during-percutaneous-dialysis-access-interventions
#10
Bhavika V Gandhi, Tejas B Patel, Eric J Costanzo, Avais Masud, Sushil Mehandru, Loay Salman
Not infrequently, interventionalists are faced with a patient with increased blood pressure who is about to undergo a dialysis access intervention such as tunneled hemodialysis catheter, percutaneous balloon angioplasty, or declotting procedure for a clotted arteriovenous access. This can frequently create a dilemma as functional dialysis access is needed to provide dialysis therapy and delaying treatment could result in a life-threatening situation, particularly in the presence of hyperkalemia. This article investigates hypertension in patients undergoing percutaneous dialysis access interventions and provides guidance to their management...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777404/hemodialysis-catheter-dysfunction-caused-by-may-thurner-syndrome
#11
Qining Fu, Yongsheng Shi, Liangzhu Hu, Yu Zhao, Yangdong Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777401/novel-use-of-the-clarivein%C3%A2-catheter-for-pharmacomechanical-thrombolysis-of-thrombosed-hemodialysis-grafts-a-case-series
#12
Darryl Lim, Derek C Ho, Lionel Chen, Michiel A Schreve, Yih Kai Tan, Steven Kum
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this prospectively collected case series is to demonstrate a novel technique of using the ClariVein® catheter for pharmacomechanical thrombolysis of thrombosed hemodialysis grafts. METHODS: The analysis comprised 11 procedures in 9 patients from 1 July to 31 December 2016 in which the ClariVein catheter was used in combination with urokinase. Demographic data, procedural data, technical and clinical success rates, and complications were evaluated...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749967/predictors-of-nonfunctional-arteriovenous-access-at-hemodialysis-initiation-and-timing-of-access-creation-a-registry-based-study
#13
Natalia Alencar de Pinho, Raphael Coscas, Marie Metzger, Michel Labeeuw, Carole Ayav, Christian Jacquelinet, Ziad A Massy, Bénédicte Stengel
Determinants of nonfunctional arteriovenous (AV) access, including timing of AV access creation, have not been sufficiently described. We studied 29 945 patients who had predialysis AV access placement and were included in the French REIN registry from 2005 through 2013. AV access was considered nonfunctional when dialysis began with a catheter. We estimated crude and adjusted odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of nonfunctional versus functional AV access associated with case-mix, facility characteristics, and timing of AV access creation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739575/fda-regulatory-perspectives-for-studies-on-hemodialysis-vascular-access
#14
Frank P Hurst, Robert E Lee, Aliza M Thompson, Brian D Pullin, Douglas M Silverstein
In an effort to foster innovation and new product development, the American Society of Nephrology and the US Food and Drug Administration partnered to form the Kidney Health Initiative in 2012. Part of the Kidney Health Initiative's mission is to foster development of therapies by creating a collaborative environment where the US Food and Drug Administration and the greater nephrology community can interact to optimize product evaluation. This particular Kidney Health Initiative project focused on products related to hemodialysis vascular access, with the goal of clarifying appropriate trial end points that could subsequently inform clinical, regulatory, and coverage decisions...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729382/recommended-clinical-trial-end-points-for-dialysis-catheters
#15
Michael Allon, Deborah J Brouwer-Maier, Kenneth Abreo, Kevin M Baskin, Kay Bregel, Deepa H Chand, Andrea M Easom, Leonard Mermel, Michele H Mokrzycki, Priti R Patel, Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, Surendra Shenoy, Rudolph P Valentini, Haimanot Wasse
Central venous catheters are used frequently in patients on hemodialysis as a bridge to a permanent vascular access. They are prone to frequent complications, including catheter-related bloodstream infection, catheter dysfunction, and central vein obstruction. There is a compelling need to develop new drugs or devices to prevent central venous catheter complications. We convened a multidisciplinary panel of experts to propose standardized definitions of catheter end points to guide the design of future clinical trials seeking approval from the Food and Drug Administration...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710090/the-clinical-and-economic-effect-of-vascular-access-selection-in-patients-initiating-hemodialysis-with-a-catheter
#16
Alian Al-Balas, Timmy Lee, Carlton J Young, Jeffrey A Kepes, Jill Barker-Finkel, Michael Allon
Patients in the United States frequently initiate hemodialysis with a central venous catheter (CVC) and subsequently undergo placement of a new arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous graft (AVG). Little is known about the clinical and economic effects of initial vascular access choice. We identified 479 patients starting hemodialysis with a CVC at a large medical center (during 2004-2012) who subsequently had an AVF (n=295) or AVG (n=105) placed or no arteriovenous access (CVC group, n=71). Compared with patients receiving an AVG, those receiving an AVF had more frequent surgical access procedures per year (1...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705077/fifty-years-of-hemodialysis-access-literature-the-fifty-most-cited-publications-in-the-medical-literature
#17
Edvard Skripochnik, David J O'Connor, Eric B Trestman, Evan C Lipsitz, Larry A Scher
Objectives The modern era of hemodialysis access surgery began with the publication in 1966 by Brescia et al. describing the use of a surgically created arteriovenous fistula. Since then, the number of patients on chronic hemodialysis and the number of publications dealing with hemodialysis access have steadily increased. We have chronicled the increase in publications in the medical literature dealing with hemodialysis access by evaluating the characteristics of the 50 most cited articles. Methods We queried the Science Citation Index from the years 1960-2014...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700180/-superior-cava-vein-stenosis-in-a-hemodialysis-patient-with-long-term-central-venous-catheter-and-vascular-graft-a-case-report
#18
Carlo Jovane, Piera Farfaglia, Anna Maria Ierardi, Laura Rimoldi, Elisabetta Sogni, Carmela Figliola, Daniela Pogliani, Matteo Tozzi, Elena Caramella, Pasquale Esposito, Alessandro Castiglioni
Recently, the use of central venous catheters (CVC) as a vascular access in patients undergoing hemodialysis is significantly increased, mainly because of the aging of this population and the presence of several comorbidities. However, the implantation and the long stay of CVC are associated with many complications. Among them, central venous stenosis represents one of the most common problems that, if not properly diagnosed, could lead to vascular thrombosis and consequent vascular access malfunction. Here, we report a case of a 38-year-old patient, who underwent hemodialysis firstly by a CVC long-term into right jugular vein and then by a prosthetic fistula in the ipsilateral limb...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698253/outcomes-of-corynebacterium-peritonitis-a-multicenter-registry-analysis
#19
Htay Htay, Yeoungjee Cho, Elaine M Pascoe, Darsy Darssan, Carmel M Hawley, Philip A Clayton, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Neil C Boudville, Stephen P McDonald, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium is a rare cause of peritonitis that is increasingly being recognized in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aims of this study were to compare Corynebacterium peritonitis outcomes with those of peritonitis caused by other organisms and to examine the effects of type and duration of antibiotic therapy on outcomes of Corynebacterium peritonitis. METHODS: Using Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) data, we included all PD patients who developed peritonitis in Australia between 2004 and 2014...
July 11, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695442/fistula-first-initiative-historical-impact-on-vascular-access-practice-patterns-and-influence-on-future-vascular-access-care
#20
Timmy Lee
The vascular access is the lifeline for the hemodialysis patient. In the United States, the Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative (FFBI) has been influential in improving use of arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) in prevalent hemodialysis patients. Currently, prevalent AVF rates are near the goal of 66% set forth by the original FFBI. However, central venous catheter (CVC) rates remain very high in the United States in patients initiating hemodialysis, nearly exceeding 80%. A new direction of the of the FFBI has focused on strategies to reduce CVC use, and subsequently the FFBI has now been renamed the "Fistula First-Catheter Last Initiative"...
July 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
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