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HEMODIALYSIS CATHETERS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229483/venous-hemodialysis-catheters-and-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-avoiding-a-high-risk-combination
#1
EDITORIAL
Theodore F Saad, Henry L Weiner
End-stage renal disease is frequently accompanied by cardiac comorbidity that warrants treatment with a cardiovascular implantable electronic device (permanent pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator). In the United States, chronic hemodialysis (HD) population, cardiac implantable devices are present in up to 10.5% of patients; a venous HD catheter is utilized for blood access in 18% of prevalent patients. The concomitant presence of a venous HD catheter and cardiovascular implantable device creates a high-risk circumstance, with potential for causing symptomatic central venous stenosis, and for developing complicated endovascular infection...
February 23, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228889/application-of-hong-s-technique-for-removal-of-stuck-hemodialysis-tunneled-catheter-to-pacemaker-leads
#2
Chaudhry Adeel Ebad, Stephen Davitt, Ramal Gnanasekaran, Amjad Khan, Anne-Marie Moran
The term "stuck catheter" refers to situations where a central venous catheter cannot be removed from the central veins or right atrium using standard technique, usually due to development of a fibrin sheath leading to adherence to SVC or right atrial wall. Endoluminal dilatation is an interventional radiology technique that has been previously reported in the removal of stuck hemodialysis catheters, and to the best of our knowledge, this case describes the first application of the technique to remove a hemodialysis catheter that was adherent to SVC wall and transvenous pacemaker leads...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222988/thirty-day-and-90-day-hospital-readmission-after-outpatient-upper-extremity-hemodialysis-access-creation
#3
Jeffrey J Siracuse, Nishant K Shah, Matthew R Peacock, Georges Tahhan, Jeffrey A Kalish, Denis Rybin, Mohammad H Eslami, Alik Farber
OBJECTIVE: Patients with end-stage renal disease have multiple comorbidities and are at increased risk for postoperative complications and resource utilization. Our goal was to determine the rate and causes of 30-day and 90-day hospital readmissions after the creation of outpatient hemodialysis access. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all outpatient upper extremity hemodialysis access creations performed at our medical center from 2008 to 2015. Readmission was defined as any inpatient status admission ≤30 and 90 days...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222688/vascular-access-conversion-and-patient-outcome-after-hemodialysis-initiation-with-a-nonfunctional-arteriovenous-access-a-prospective-registry-based-study
#4
Natalia Alencar de Pinho, Raphael Coscas, Marie Metzger, Michel Labeeuw, Carole Ayav, Christian Jacquelinet, Ziad A Massy, Bénédicte Stengel
BACKGROUND: Little is known about vascular access conversion and outcomes for patients starting hemodialysis with nonfunctional arteriovenous (AV) access. We assessed mortality risk associated with nonfunctional AV access at hemodialysis initiation, taking subsequent changes in vascular access into account. METHODS: We studied the 53,092 incident adult hemodialysis patients included in the French REIN registry from 2005 through 2012. AV access placed predialysis was considered nonfunctional when dialysis began with a central venous catheter...
February 22, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218363/sex-race-and-hemodialysis-vascular-access-processes
#5
Rita L McGill, Eduardo Lacson
PURPOSE: Hemodialysis (HD) patients who are female or black receive fewer arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) and more grafts (AVG). We evaluated race- and sex-based differences for three process exposures: access surgery, peripherally-inserted central catheters (PICCs), and vascular imaging. METHODS: US Renal Data System with linked Medicare claims for patients initiating HD between April 2010 - December 2011 were used to identify PICC placement, imaging, AVF and AVG surgeries, and the vascular accesses in use at individual HD treatments...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207287/thiamine-as-a-renal-protective-agent-in-septic-shock-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
Ari Moskowitz, Lars W Andersen, Michael N Cocchi, Mathias Karlsson, Parth V Patel, Michael W Donnino
RATIONALE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients with sepsis and has been associated with high mortality rates. The provision of thiamine to septic patients may reduce the incidence and severity of sepsis-related AKI and thereby prevent renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that thiamine supplementation mitigates kidney injury in septic shock. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a single-center, randomized, double-blind trial comparing thiamine to placebo in patients with septic shock...
February 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194286/central-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-with-kocuria-kristinae-in-a-patient-with-propionic-acidemia
#7
Masato Kimura, Eichiro Kawai, Hisao Yaoita, Natsuko Ichinoi, Osamu Sakamoto, Shigeo Kure
Kocuria kristinae is a catalase-positive, coagulase-negative, Gram-positive coccus found in the environment and in normal skin and mucosa in humans; however, it is rarely isolated from clinical specimens and is considered a nonpathogenic bacterium. We describe a case of catheter-related bacteremia due to K. kristinae in a young adult with propionic acidemia undergoing periodic hemodialysis. The patient had a central venous catheter implanted for total parenteral nutrition approximately 6 months prior to the onset of symptoms because of repeated acute pancreatitis...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190377/collaborative-approach-to-the-creation-of-an-arteriovenous-fistula-on-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#8
Kimberly A Thompson, Amrish Krishnan, Charles Stehman, Steven Hanling, Kevin Casey
Early creation of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) decreases morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease and is the standard of care in the United States. However, this procedure is frequently not accessible in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We present the first reported case of successful AVF creation as part of a humanitarian assistance mission. The patient was a 51-year-old male with diabetes, hypertension, and end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis via a temporary dialysis catheter...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183464/transradial-coronary-interventions-for-complex-chronic-total-occlusions
#9
Yutaka Tanaka, Noriaki Moriyama, Tomoki Ochiai, Takuma Takada, Kazuki Tobita, Koki Shishido, Kazuya Sugitatsu, Futoshi Yamanaka, Shingo Mizuno, Masato Murakami, Junya Matsumi, Saeko Takahashi, Takeshi Akasaka, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess whether the transradial approach can be applied to treat complex chronic total occlusion (CTO) and to determine the predictors of transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) failure. BACKGROUND: Consistent data on the outcomes of transradial PCI for treating CTO are scarce. METHODS: Consecutive patients who were not receiving hemodialysis and had undergone PCI for CTO were enrolled...
February 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165583/chlorhexidine-impregnated-transparent-dressings-decrease-catheter-related-infections-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-quality-improvement-project
#10
Ibironke W Apata, John Hanfelt, James L Bailey, Vandana Dua Niyyar
PURPOSE: Central venous catheters (CVC) are associated with increased infection rates, morbidity and mortality compared to other hemodialysis vascular access. Chlorhexidine-impregnated transparent (CHG-transparent) dressings allow for continuous antimicrobial exposure and easy visibility of the CVC insertion site. We conducted a quality improvement project to compare catheter-related infection (CRI) rates in two dressing regimens - CHG-transparent dressings and adhesive dry gauze dressing in hemodialysis patients with tunneled CVCs...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165577/surgical-reconstruction-of-central-venous-obstruction-in-salvaging-upper-extremity-dialysis-accesses
#11
Jurabek Babadjanov, Rick Bernstein, Lee Kirksey
BACKGROUND: Central vein thrombosis or obstruction is a common complication associated with central venous catheters placed for intermittent hemodialysis. The reported outcomes of percutaneous catheter-based interventions reveal high rates of lesion recurrence with varying and frequently limited patency intervals. We present the case of open venous bypass in the treatment of catheter-associated chronic central vein occlusion. METHODS: We report a case of symptomatic arm swelling secondary to central vein stenosis and failed endovascular venous intervention treated by central vein bypass with prosthetic graft through median sternotomy...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153190/acute-pd-evidence-guidelines-and-controversies-%C3%A2
#12
REVIEW
Daniela Ponce, Andre Balbi, Brett Cullis
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) may be a feasible, safe, and complementary alternative to hemodialysis not only in the chronic setting, but also in the acute setting. It previously was widely accepted for acute kidney injury (AKI) treatment, but its practice decreased in favor of other types of extracorporeal therapies. The interest in PD to manage AKI patients has been reignited and PD now frequently is used in developing countries because of its lower cost and minimal infrastructural requirements. Studies from these countries have shown that, with careful thought and planning, critically ill patients can be treated successfully using PD...
January 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144977/changing-landscape-for-peritoneal-dialysis-optimizing-utilization
#13
Martin J Schreiber
The future growth of peritoneal dialysis (PD) will be directly linked to the shift in US healthcare to a value-based payment model due to PD's lower yearly cost, early survival advantage over in-center hemodialysis, and improved quality of life for patients treating their kidney disease in the home. Under this model, nephrology practices will need an increased focus on managing the transition from chronic kidney disease to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), providing patient education with the aim of accomplishing modality selection and access placement ahead of dialysis initiation...
February 1, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143967/the-effect-of-predialysis-fistula-attempt-on-risk-of-all-cause-and-access-related-death
#14
Robert R Quinn, Matthew J Oliver, Daniel Devoe, Krishnan Poinen, Rameez Kabani, Fareed Kamar, Priyanka Mysore, Adriane M Lewin, Swapnil Hiremath, Jennifer MacRae, Matthew T James, Lisa Miller, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Louise M Moist, Amit X Garg, Tanvir T Chowdhury, Pietro Ravani
Whether the lower risk of mortality associated with arteriovenous fistula use in hemodialysis patients is due to the avoidance of catheters or if healthier patients are simply more likely to have fistulas placed is unknown. To provide clarification, we determined the proportion of access-related deaths in a retrospective cohort study of patients aged ≥18 years who initiated hemodialysis between 2004 and 2012 at five Canadian dialysis programs. A total of 3168 patients initiated dialysis at the participating centers; 2300 met our inclusion criteria...
February 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135706/the-different-impacts-on-the-long-term-survival-of-tunneled-internal-jugular-hemodialysis-catheters-based-on-tip-position-and-laterality
#15
Vedran Premuzic, Drazen Perkov, Ranko Smiljanic, Bruna Brunetta Gavranic, Bojan Jelakovic
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of different catheter tip positions on the life of the catheter, dysfunction, infection, and quality of hemodialysis and possible differences between the access site laterality in jugular-tunneled hemodialysis catheters. METHODS: Catheters were evaluated for the following parameters: place of insertion, time of insertion, duration of use, and reason for removal. In all patients, the catheter tip position was checked using an X-ray...
January 31, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135701/catheter-failure-and-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-tunneled-cuffed-venous-catheters-in-a-single-center
#16
Min Shi, Tianlei Cui, Liang Ma, Li Zhou, Ping Fu
BACKGROUND: As of now, only a few studies have focused on the failure of tunneled cuffed venous catheter (tCVC) and mortality of hemodialysis (HD) patients using tCVC as long-term vascular access, whose vascular condition for arteriovenous fistula was not very satisfactory. In this study, we aimed to provide information about the first tCVC failure and survival rates of patients in this population. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients who used tCVC from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2014 in our HD center were analyzed in this retrospective study and followed up either until their death or until December 31, 2015...
January 31, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127728/arteriovenous-access-does-not-perform-as-well-for-plasmapheresis
#17
Mathew Wooster, Rachel Wilson, Murray Shames, Neil Moudgill
PURPOSE: Access surgeons are occasionally asked to create arteriovenous access for non-dialysis functions. Subjectively noting overall poor results, we seek to present our experience with arteriovenous access creation for apheresis. METHODS: Billing records were reviewed using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) codes to identify patients undergoing arteriovenous access creation for diseases other than renal failure from January 2007 to August 2014...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118795/the-perforation-of-the-superior-vena-cava-secondary-to-the-left-subclavian-dialysis-catheter
#18
Atila Turkyilmaz, Sami Karapolat, Mehmet Kilic, Celal Tekinbas
INTRODUCTION: The perforation of the superior vena cava during the placement of dialysis catheter and consequent hemothorax is a rare serious complication. CASE REPORT: Dialysis catheter was placed in the left subclavian vein in a 69-year-old male patient with chronic renal insufficiency who was hospitalized for intracerebral hematoma. During hemodialysis a day after the procedure, the patient was noted having right-sided hemothorax, causing lethargy, dyspnea, hypotension, and bradycardia...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111198/institution-of-a-hospital-based-central-venous-access-policy-for-peripheral-vein-preservation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-12-year-experience
#19
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Shilpa N Reddy, Benjamin L Yam, Sidney Kobrin, Scott O Trerotola
PURPOSE: To describe the implementation of nursing-based venous access team (VAT) and standardized interventional radiology (IR) protocols in accordance with Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines to provide central venous access while preserving peripheral veins in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) and small-bore central catheter (SBCC) referral and placement data from VAT and IR databases was conducted over a 12-year period...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106022/complicated-left-sided-infective-endocarditis-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-a-case-report
#20
Öykü Gülmez, Mehtap Aydın
Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious infectious condition with high morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It has been particularly associated with recurrent bacteremia due to vascular access via lumen catheters. The most common pathogen is Staphylococcus (S.) aureus, and most affected valve is mitral valve, which frequently calcified. Two patients with ESRD who received hemodialysis treatment via tunneled catheters, aged 56 and 88 years, were admitted with fever and high troponin level...
January 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
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