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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731199/achilles-a-homeric-hero-enamoured-with-the-absolute
#1
Nicolas Evzonas
This article explores through a psychoanalytical lens the character of Achilles in Homer's Iliad, the matrix behind the Western conception of heroism. The contribution reveals the psychological link binding the words and acts of the most valiant of warriors in Antiquity, which is situated in myth and termed "the Eros of the absolute." The paroxystic ideality underlying the aforementioned myth, which is rooted in the anthropological need to believe, is at the origin of Achilles' legendary μῆνις, that is, the flood of rage triggered by contests for supremacy, aggravated by the loss of his war comrade, aroused by the drama of aging and death, and then transfigured through song and memory...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729007/the-feasibility-of-point-of-care-ankle-ultrasound-examination-in-patients-with-recurrent-ankle-sprain-and-chronic-ankle-instability-comparison-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of point-of-care ankle ultrasound compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing major ligaments and Achilles tendon injuries in patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability, and to evaluate inter-observer reliability between an emergency physician and a musculoskeletal radiology fellow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in an emergency department. Patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability were recruited...
July 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728791/the-effects-of-achilles-tendon-compliance-on-triceps-surae-mechanics-and-energetics-in-walking
#3
Maria Isabel V Orselli, Jason R Franz, Darryl G Thelen
Achilles tendon (AT) compliance can affect the generation and transmission of triceps surae muscle forces, and thus has important biomechanical consequences for walking performance. However, the uniarticular soleus (SOL) and the biarticular (GAS) function differently during walking, with in vivo evidence suggesting that their associated fascicles and tendinous structures exhibit unique kinematics during walking. Given the strong association between muscle fiber length, velocity and force production, we conjectured that SOL and GAS mechanics and energetic behavior would respond differently to altered AT compliance...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728558/accuracy-of-a-plasmodium-falciparum-specific-histidine-rich-protein-2-rapid-diagnostic-test-in-the-context-of-the-presence-of-non-malaria-fevers-prior-anti-malarial-use-and-seasonal-malaria-transmission
#4
Francois Kiemde, Massa Dit Achille Bonko, Marc Christian Tahita, Palpouguini Lompo, Toussaint Rouamba, Halidou Tinto, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Petra F Mens, Henk D F H Schallig
BACKGROUND: It remains challenging to distinguish malaria from other fever causing infections, as a positive rapid diagnostic test does not always signify a true active malaria infection. This study was designed to determine the influence of other causes of fever, prior anti-malarial treatment, and a possible seasonality of the performance of a PfHRP2 RDT for the diagnosis of malaria in children under-5 years of age living in a malaria endemic area. METHODS: A prospective etiology study was conducted in 2015 among febrile children under 5 years of age in Burkina Faso...
July 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728357/effects-of-dietary-alfalfa-flavonoids-on-the-performance-meat-quality-and-lipid-oxidation-of-growing-rabbits
#5
Sihem Dabbou, Laura Gasco, Luca Rotolo, Luisa Pozzo, Jian Ming Tong, Xiao Fang Dong, Patrizia Rubiolo, Achille Schiavone, Francesco Gai
Objective: The present experiment has tested the effect of the dietary alfalfa flavonoids (AAF) supplementation on the productive performances, carcass characteristics,meat quality and lipid oxidation of growing rabbits. Methods: One hundred and sixty crossbred rabbits (42 days old) were divided into four groups of forty animals each and were fed either acontrol diet (AAF0) or an AAF0 diet supplemented with 400, 800 or 1200 mg of AAF/kg per diet (AAF4,AAF8 and AAF12, respectively) from weaning to slaughtering (102days old)...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727745/evaluation-of-tissue-displacement-and-regional-strain-in-the-achilles-tendon-using-quantitative-high-frequency-ultrasound
#6
Stijn Bogaerts, Catarina De Brito Carvalho, Lennart Scheys, Kaat Desloovere, Jan D'hooge, Frederik Maes, Paul Suetens, Koen Peers
The Achilles tendon has a unique structure-function relationship thanks to its innate hierarchical architecture in combination with the rotational anatomy of the sub-tendons from the triceps surae muscles. Previous research has provided valuable insight in global Achilles tendon mechanics, but limitations with the technique used remain. Furthermore, given the global approach evaluating muscle-tendon junction to insertion, regional differences in tendon mechanical properties might be overlooked. However, recent advancements in the field of ultrasound imaging in combination with speckle tracking have made an intratendinous evaluation possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725419/tree-species-diversity-promotes-aboveground-carbon-storage-through-functional-diversity-and-functional-dominance
#7
Sylvanus Mensah, Ruan Veldtman, Achille E Assogbadjo, Romain Glèlè Kakaï, Thomas Seifert
The relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem function has increasingly been debated as the cornerstone of the processes behind ecosystem services delivery. Experimental and natural field-based studies have come up with nonconsistent patterns of biodiversity-ecosystem function, supporting either niche complementarity or selection effects hypothesis. Here, we used aboveground carbon (AGC) storage as proxy for ecosystem function in a South African mistbelt forest, and analyzed its relationship with species diversity, through functional diversity and functional dominance...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724698/acute-achilles-tendon-rupture
#8
Dishan Singh
This is one of a series of occasional articles highlighting conditions that may be more common than many doctors realise or may be missed at first presentation. The series advisers are Anthony Harnden, professor of primary care, Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, and Richard Lehman, general practitioner, Banbury. To suggest a topic for this series, please email us at practice@bmj.com.
August 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723790/relationship-of-medial-gastrocnemius-relative-fascicle-excursion-and-ankle-joint-power-and-work-performance-during-gait-in-typically-developing-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Teresa Martín Lorenzo, Gustavo Albi Rodríguez, Eduardo Rocon, Ignacio Martínez Caballero, Sergio Lerma Lara
Muscle fascicles lengthen in response to chronic passive stretch through in-series sarcomere addition in order to maintain an optimum sarcomere length. In turn, the muscles' force generating capacity, maximum excursion, and contraction velocity is enhanced. Thus, longer fascicles suggest a greater capacity to develop joint power and work. However, static fascicle length measurements may not be taking sarcomere length differences into account. Thus, we considered relative fascicle excursions through passive ankle dorsiflexion may better correlate with the capacity to generate joint power and work than fascicle length...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722565/high-iron-levels-are-associated-with-increased-malaria-risk-in-infants-during-the-first-year-of-life-in-benin
#10
Violeta Moya-Alvarez, Gilles Cottrell, Smaila Ouédraogo, Manfred Accrombessi, Achille Massougbodgi, Michel Cot
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 40% of children in low-income countries are anemic. Therefore, iron supplements are recommended by WHO in areas with high anemia rates. However, some studies have set into question the benefits of iron supplementation in malaria-endemic regions. In Benin, a west African country with high prevalence of anemia and malaria, no iron supplements are given systematically to infants so far despite the WHO recommendations. In this context, we wanted to investigate the effect of iron levels during the first year of life on malarial risk in Benin considering complementary risk factors...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720001/differential-effects-of-heat-stress-on-fibre-capillarisation-in-tenotomised-soleus-and-plantaris-muscles
#11
Muthita Hirunsai, Ratchakrit Srikuea
PURPOSE: Capillary regression is commonly observed in response to disuse muscle atrophy. Heat stress is known to alleviate muscle atrophy, while effect of heat exposure on capillary adaptation following disuse atrophy is not defined. Here, we examined the effect of heat treatment on capillarisation and the associated signalling in slow-oxidative soleus and fast-glycolytic plantaris muscles following Achilles tendon ablation (tenotomy). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats were assigned into control (CON), control with heat stress (CON + HEAT), tenotomy (TEN) and tenotomy with heat stress (TEN + HEAT) groups...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718439/super-enhancer-driven-transcriptional-dependencies-in-cancer
#12
Satyaki Sengupta, Rani E George
Transcriptional deregulation is one of the core tenets of cancer biology and is underpinned by alterations in both protein-coding genes and noncoding regulatory elements. Large regulatory elements, so-called super-enhancers (SEs), are central to the maintenance of cancer cell identity and promote oncogenic transcription to which cancer cells become highly addicted. Such dependence on SE-driven transcription for proliferation and survival offers an Achilles heel for the therapeutic targeting of cancer cells...
April 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718402/metabolism-during-ecm-detachment-achilles-heel-of-cancer-cells
#13
REVIEW
Joshua A Mason, Kimberly R Hagel, Mark A Hawk, Zachary T Schafer
Integrin-mediated attachment to the extracellular matrix (ECM) is required to combat the induction of programmed cell death in a variety of distinct cell types. If cells fail to maintain proper ECM attachment, they become subject to elimination via an apoptotic cell death program known as anoikis. However, anoikis inhibition is not sufficient to promote the long-term survival of ECM-detached cells. Several recent studies have unveiled the profound (anoikis-independent) impact of cell metabolism on the viability of ECM-detached cells...
July 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717629/ultrasound-measures-of-tendon-thickness-intra-rater-inter-rater-and-inter-machine-reliability
#14
María Elena Del Baño-Aledo, Jacinto Javier Martínez-Payá, José Ríos-Díaz, Silvia Mejías-Suárez, Sergio Serrano-Carmona, Ana de Groot-Ferrando
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging is often used by physiotherapists and other healthcare professionals but the reliability of image acquisition with different ultrasound machines is unknown. The objective was to compare the intra-rater, inter-rater and intermachine reliability of thickness measurements of the plantar fascia (PF), Achilles tendon (AT), patellar tendon (PT) and elbow common extensor tendon (ECET) with musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging (MSUS). METHODS: Tendon thickness was measured in four anatomical structures (14 participants, 28 images per tendon) by two sonographers and with two different ultrasound machines...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717617/conservative-treatment-for-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-platelet-rich-plasma-and-focused-shock-waves-a-retrospective-study
#15
Davide Erroi, Matilde Sigona, Tania Suarez, Donatella Trischitta, Antonio Pavan, Maria Chiara Vulpiani, Mario Vetrano
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) represents a serious challenge for both physiatrists and surgeons. Here we analyse the results obtained by two conservative treatments [platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections and focused extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT)] in physically active patients with IAT. METHODS: During two consecutive periods, 45 consecutive patients with IAT were treated with 3 sessions of ESWT (2400 impulses at 0.17-0.25 mJ/mm(2) per session) (24 cases between September 2011 and July 2013) or with 2 autologous PRP injections over two weeks (21 cases between September 2013 and July 2015)...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717616/topical-polidocanol-application-in-combination-with-static-stretching-in-tendinopathies-a-prospective-pilot-study
#16
Matthias Gatz, Simone Schrading, Timm Dirrichs, Marcel Betsch, Markus Tingart, Björn Rath, Christiane Kuhl, Valentin Quack
BACKGROUND: Highly operator-based injection therapy with vasosclerosing and anesthetic polidocanol is used for tendinopathies. This pilot-study evaluates the topical application of polidocanol gel. METHODS: Prospective case series. 39 patients with tendinopathies (14 Achilles, 14 patella, 11 wrist extensors) with a symptom duration > 6 months were included. Polidocanol and static stretching were the therapy in the first 2 weeks, while static stretching was continuously performed for 6 months...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717615/outcomes-of-prolotherapy-for-intra-tendinous-achilles-tears-a-case-series
#17
Otto Chan, Ben Havard, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Nicola Maffulli, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Jeremy David Perry, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: The intra-tendinous tear is a new pathology that is defined as a discontinuity of fibres situated entirely within the tendon. Prolotherapy involves injecting an irritant, such as hyperosmolar dextrose, to stimulate a tissue healing response and ultimately reduce pain. METHODS: 43 consecutive patients diagnosed with an intra-tendinous tear were included (27 males: 16 females, mean (SD) age 41 (11.3). Patients were injected with 0.4ml-1.5ml (mean 0.8ml) of 50% dextrose and 0...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717614/activity-level-recovery-after-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-surgically-repaired-a-series-of-29-patients-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-46-months
#18
Richard Zayni, Raphaël Coursier, Moudasser Zakaria, Jean-François Desrousseaux, Denis Cordonnier, Gilles Polveche
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon rupture is a common injury but its optimal management is still controversial. When decided, surgical repair can be performed by open or percutaneous techniques. Till now, there is no agreement on the ideal type of surgical management. PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of the percutaneous and open surgical treatment for acute Achilles tendon rupture and to assess the postoperative activity level recovery. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 29 patients were surgically treated for acute Achilles tendon rupture in our institution...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717613/morphometric-evaluation-of-human-tendocalcaneus-a-cadaveric-study-of-south-indian-male-population
#19
Naveen Kumar, Ashwini P Aithal, Satheesha B Nayak, Jyothsna Patil, Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Biswa Bina Ray
INTRODUCTION: Tendocalcaneus or Achilles tendon is formed by the fusion of the tendons of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Normal morphometric measurements of tendo-calcaneus serves an important landmark in its anthropometric evaluation and biomechanical characteristics. Hence the objective of this study was to provide detailed morphometric profile of tendocalcaneus in south indian cadaveric male population. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 64 dissected adult limbs was studied...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717612/intratendinous-tears-of-the-achilles-tendon-a-new-pathology-analysis-of-a-large-4-year-cohort
#20
Otto Chan, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Tina Parkes, Peter Malliaras, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Nicola Maffulli, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: Achillodynia is common and includes Achilles tendinopathy, partial Achilles tears and Achilles tendon ruptures. However, we believe an additional pathology should be considered for Achillodynia differentials - the intratendinous tear (ITT). METHODS: Examinations of 740 achillodynic patients in one specialist centre were reviewed. ITTs were defined as a clearly visualised echopoor area situated centrally and extending to, but not through the tendon periphery, with pain on palpation and no clinical findings consistent with Achilles rupture...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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