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depression rumination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657347/affect-intensity-moderates-the-association-of-emotional-clarity-with-emotion-regulation-and-depressive-symptoms-in-unselected-and-treatment-seeking-samples
#1
Vera Vine, Brett Marroquín
Depression is associated with subjective difficulties identifying one's emotions, known as low emotional clarity, but the mediators and moderators of this relationship are not well understood. We hypothesized that the role of emotional clarity in emotion regulation and, in turn, depression depends on individual differences in negative affect intensity. In Study 1, conducted in an unselected sample ( N =119), low emotional clarity more strongly predicted depression symptoms among individuals higher in affect intensity...
February 2018: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652773/a-lonely-search-risk-for-depression-when-spirituality-exceeds-religiosity
#2
Jeffrey R Vittengl
This study clarified longitudinal relations of spirituality and religiosity with depression. Spirituality's potential emphasis on internal (e.g., intrapsychic search for meaning) versus religiosity's potential emphasis on external (e.g., engagement in socially-sanctioned belief systems) processes may parallel depression-linked cognitive-behavioral phenomena (e.g., rumination and loneliness) conceptually. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that greater spirituality than religiosity, separate from the overall level of spirituality and religiosity, predicts longitudinal increases in depression...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643581/hypervigilance-to-pain-affects-activities-of-daily-living-an-examination-using-the-japanese-version-of-the-pain-vigilance-awareness-questionnaire
#3
Hayato Shigetoh
[Purpose] Hypervigilance to pain is an important aspect of the fear-avoidance model of pain that may be associated with disability more than other psychological factors examined. The aim of the study was to investigate how hypervigilance to pain influences disability compared with other psychological factors examined. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 50 elderly patients with chronic pain (7 men and 43 women, 80.3 ± 7.8 years). To assess the pain level, the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628881/posture-motor-and-posture-ideomotor-dual-tasking-a-putative-marker-of-psychomotor-retardation-and-depressive-rumination-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Lyubomir I Aftanas, Olga M Bazanova, Nataliya V Novozhilova
Background: Recent studies have demonstrated that the assessment of postural performance may be a potentially reliable and objective marker of the psychomotor retardation (PMR) in the major depressive disorder (MDD). One of the important facets of MDD-related PMR is reflected in disrupted central mechanisms of psychomotor control, heavily influenced by compelling maladaptive depressive rumination. In view of this we designed a research paradigm that included sequential execution of simple single-posture task followed by more challenging divided attention posture tasks, involving concurring motor and ideomotor workloads...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627248/a-canonical-discriminant-analysis-to-study-the-association-between-milk-fatty-acids-of-ruminal-origin-and-milk-fat-depression-in-dairy-cows
#5
G Conte, C Dimauro, A Serra, N P P Macciotta, M Mele
Although milk fat depression (MFD) has been observed and described since the beginning of the last century, all the molecular and biochemical mechanisms involved are still not completely understood. Some fatty acids (FA) originating during rumen biohydrogenation have been proposed as causative elements of MFD. However, contradictory results were obtained when studying the effect of single FA on MFD. An alternative could be the simultaneous evaluation of the effect of many FA using a multivariate approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between individual milk FA of ruminal origin and MFD using canonical discriminant analysis, a multivariate technique able to distinguish 2 or more groups on the basis of a pool of variables...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623753/trait-rumination-and-response-to-negative-evaluative-lab-induced-stress-neuroendocrine-affective-and-cognitive-outcomes
#6
Suzanne Vrshek-Schallhorn, Elizabeth A Velkoff, Richard E Zinbarg
Theoretical models of depression posit that, under stress, elevated trait rumination predicts more pronounced or prolonged negative affective and neuroendocrine responses, and that trait rumination hampers removing irrelevant negative information from working memory. We examined several gaps regarding these models in the context of lab-induced stress. Non-depressed undergraduates completed a rumination questionnaire and either a negative-evaluative Trier Social Stress Test (n = 55) or a non-evaluative control condition (n = 69), followed by a modified Sternberg affective working memory task assessing the extent to which irrelevant negative information can be emptied from working memory...
April 6, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615092/improving-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-the-cardiac-rehabilitation-pathway-using-group-based-metacognitive-therapy-pathway-group-mct-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Adrian Wells, Kirsten McNicol, David Reeves, Peter Salmon, Linda Davies, Anthony Heagerty, Patrick Doherty, Rebecca McPhillips, Rebecca Anderson, Cintia Faija, Lora Capobianco, Helen Morley, Hannah Gaffney, Gemma Shields, Peter Fisher
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are prevalent among cardiac rehabilitation patients but pharmacological and psychological treatments have limited effectiveness in this group. Furthermore, psychological interventions have not been systematically integrated into cardiac rehabilitation services despite being a strategic priority for the UK National Health Service. A promising new treatment, metacognitive therapy, may be well-suited to the needs of cardiac rehabilitation patients and has the potential to improve outcomes...
April 3, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576686/how-do-rumination-and-social-problem-solving-intensify-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Akira Hasegawa, Yoshihiko Kunisato, Hiroshi Morimoto, Haruki Nishimura, Yuko Matsuda
In order to examine how rumination and social problem solving intensify depression, the present study investigated longitudinal associations among each dimension of rumination and social problem solving and evaluated aspects of these constructs that predicted subsequent depression. A three-wave longitudinal study, with an interval of 4 weeks between waves, was conducted. Japanese university students completed the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition, Ruminative Responses Scale, Social Problem-Solving Inventory-Revised Short Version, and Interpersonal Stress Event Scale on three occasions 4 weeks apart ( n  = 284 at Time 1, 198 at Time 2, 165 at Time 3)...
2018: Journal of Rational-emotive and Cognitive-behavior Therapy: RET
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573757/the-metacognitive-anger-processing-map-scale-validation-in-a-mixed-clinical-and-a-forensic-in-patient-sample
#9
Stine Bjerrum Moeller, Per Bech
BACKGROUND: The metacognitive approach by Wells and colleagues has gained empirical support with a broad range of symptoms. The Metacognitive Anger Processing (MAP) scale was developed to provide a metacognitive measure on anger (Moeller, 2016). In the preliminary validation, three components were identified (positive beliefs, negative beliefs and rumination) to be positively correlated with the anger. AIMS: To validate the MAP in a sample of mixed clinical patients (n = 88) and a sample of male forensic patients (n = 54)...
March 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573471/reward-learning-impairment-and-avoidance-and-rumination-responses-at-the-end-of-engage-therapy-of-late-life-depression
#10
Lindsay W Victoria, Faith M Gunning, Jennifer N Bress, Danielle Jackson, George S Alexopoulos
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between reward processing, as measured by performance on the probabilistic reversal learning (PRL) task and avoidance/rumination in depressed older adults treated with Engage, a psychotherapy that uses "reward exposure" to increase behavioral activation. METHODS: Thirty older adults with major depression received 9 weeks of Engage treatment. At baseline and treatment end, the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) was used to assess depression severity and the Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale (BADS) to assess behavioral activation and avoidance/rumination...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552424/negative-event-recall-as-a-vulnerability-for-depression-relationship-between-momentary-stress-reactive-rumination-and-memory-for-daily-life-stress
#11
Samantha L Connolly, Lauren B Alloy
The current research utilized ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology to test the hypotheses that: 1) engaging in greater rumination following stress (stress-reactive rumination; SRR) would lead to improved stressor recall, and 2) this improved memory for stress would predict increases in depressive symptoms. One hundred twenty-one participants received smartphone alerts in which they reported on their experience of negative life events (NLEs) as well as SRR and depressed mood after event occurrence...
2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544158/evaluation-of-an-intervention-promoting-emotion-regulation-skills-for-adults-with-persisting-distress-due-to-adverse-childhood-experiences
#12
Linda D Cameron, Paul Carroll, W Kyle Hamilton
This phase II trial evaluated psychosocial and health outcomes of an intervention designed to improve emotion regulation skills in adults suffering from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). The study utilized a pretest-posttest design in which 92 adults enrolled in the community-based program completed pretest measures, attended either a faith-based or secular version of the 12-week ACE Overcomers program, and then completed posttest measures. The theory-guided program involved group sessions providing education and skills training to improve emotion regulation, self-awareness, resilience, and social functioning...
March 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540103/effect-of-cognitive-bias-modification-memory-on-depressive-symptoms-and-autobiographical-memory-bias-two-independent-studies-in-high-ruminating-and-dysphoric-samples
#13
Janna N Vrijsen, Justin Dainer-Best, Sara M Witcraft, Santiago Papini, Paula Hertel, Christopher G Beevers, Eni S Becker, Jasper A J Smits
Memory bias is a risk factor for depression. In two independent studies, the efficacy of one CBM-Memory session on negative memory bias and depressive symptoms was tested in vulnerable samples. We compared positive to neutral (control) CBM-Memory trainings in highly-ruminating individuals (N = 101) and individuals with elevated depressive symptoms (N = 100). In both studies, participants studied positive, neutral, and negative Swahili words paired with their translations. In five study-test blocks, they were then prompted to retrieve either only the positive or neutral translations...
March 15, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528183/positive-emotion-in-distress-as-a-potentially-effective-emotion-regulation-strategy-for-depression-a-preliminary-investigation
#14
Keiko Yamaguchi, Masaya Ito, Yoshitake Takebayashi
OBJECTIVES: Emotion regulation utilizing positive emotion during negative emotional states might be one of the effective ways to alleviate depression and anxiety problems among people with emotional disorders. This study examined the psychometric properties and incremental validity of the Positive Emotion In Distress Scale (PEIDS), a newly developed self-report scale, in a sample of university students in Japan. DESIGN AND METHODS: To examine the psychometric properties of the PEIDS, the scale was completed by Japanese university students (396 men and 363 women; mean age of 19...
March 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525318/fuels-derived-from-starch-digestion-have-different-effects-on-energy-intake-and-metabolic-responses-of-cows-in-the-postpartum-period
#15
Laura B Gualdrón-Duarte, Michael S Allen
Absorbed fuels from the digestion of starch include propionic acid (PA) produced by ruminal fermentation and glucose (GLU) from intestinal digestion, which may be partially metabolized to lactic acid (LA) by intestinal tissues. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of these fuels on dry matter intake (DMI) and feeding behavior of cows in the postpartum period. We hypothesized that these fuels affect feed intake differently and that their effects are related to differences in their hepatic metabolism. Glucose was expected to have little effect on feed intake because little or no GLU is extracted from the blood by the liver...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513915/negative-cognitions-prior-to-trauma-predict-acute-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptomatology
#16
Yi-Jen Su, Sue-Huei Chen
Based on emotional processing theory, preexisting negative cognitions may contribute to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The present study prospectively examined the association between preexisting PTSD-related cognitions and subsequent acute PTSD symptoms, and the potential mediators of this association. We also compared the effect of preexisting depressive cognitions and preexisting PTSD-related cognitions on PTSD symptoms. In the current study, 810 Taiwanese undergraduates completed a baseline survey (T1), of which 73...
February 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510773/why-do-people-overthink-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-a-meta-cognitive-model-and-uncontrollability-of-rumination
#17
Noboru Matsumoto, Satoshi Mochizuki
BACKGROUND: The meta-cognitive model of rumination is a theoretical model regarding the relationship between rumination and depression. Although meta-cognitive therapy for rumination was established based on this model, insufficient longitudinal studies addressing this model have been conducted. Moreover, the uncontrollability of rumination, suggested to be driven by negative meta-beliefs about rumination, has not been examined using this meta-cognitive model. AIMS: We longitudinally examined the meta-cognitive model and its relationship with uncontrollability of rumination and depressive symptoms...
March 7, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504794/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emotion-regulation-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-with-and-without-co-occurring-depression
#18
Douglas S Mennin, David M Fresco, Mia Skytte O'Toole, Richard G Heimberg
OBJECTIVE: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depression (MDD), especially when they co-occur, are associated with suboptimal treatment response. One common feature of these disorders is negative self-referential processing (NSRP; i.e., worry, rumination), which worsens treatment outcome. Emotion Regulation Therapy (ERT) integrates principles from affect science with traditional and contemporary cognitive-behavioral treatments to identify and modify the functional nature of NSRP by targeting motivational and regulatory mechanisms, as well as behavioral consequences...
March 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501330/coagulation-efficiency-and-its-determinant-factors-a-case-study-for-manchega-ewe-milk-in-the-region-of-castilla-la-mancha-spain
#19
J Caballero-Villalobos, J M Perea, E Angón, R Arias, A Garzón
Milk coagulation, especially in small ruminant species, is often hard to evaluate, as coagulation traits are normally considered individually and several factors related to udder health might distort yield calculation. Due to the lack of studies about these factors, our objective was to determine milk coagulation efficiency (CE) and its determinants using a deterministic technical efficiency approach, an ordinary least square regression model, and ANOVA. Milk from 300 Manchega ewes was collected and analyzed for composition, milk coagulation properties, and hygienic quality...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483888/fighting-depression-action-video-game-play-may-reduce-rumination-and-increase-subjective-and-objective-cognition-in-depressed-patients
#20
Simone Kühn, Fabrice Berna, Thies Lüdtke, Jürgen Gallinat, Steffen Moritz
Cognitive deficits are common in depression and may persist following the resolution of affective symptoms. However, therapeutic strategies that successfully target cognitive impairments are lacking. Recent work has demonstrated that playing action video games leads to improvements in cognition, in particular executive function, in healthy individuals. We therefore set out to test whether playing video games can reduce symptoms associated with depression. We focussed on depressive symptoms and on rumination, since rumination is a good predictor of depression and may contribute to triggering depression...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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