keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

depression rumination

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049292/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-vulnerability-marker-for-depressive-symptom-deterioration-in-men
#1
Jannika De Rubeis, Ricardo G Lugo, Michael Witthöft, Stefan Sütterlin, Markus R Pawelzik, Claus Vögele
Consistent across time and cultures, men and male adolescents older than 14 years of age appear underrepresented in mood disorders, and are far less likely than women to seek psychological help. The much higher rate of suicide amongst males suggests that depression in men might be underreported. One of the core human motives is to seek acceptance by others and avoid rejection. Rejection Sensitivity (RS) has been conceptualized as the cognitive-affective processing disposition to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and intensely respond to cues of rejection in the behavior of others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034806/exploring-the-east-west-divide-in-prevalence-of-affective-disorder-a-case-for-cultural-differences-in-coping-with-negative-emotion
#2
June De Vaus, Matthew J Hornsey, Peter Kuppens, Brock Bastian
Lifetime rates of clinical depression and anxiety in the West tend to be approximately 4 to 10 times greater than rates in Asia. In this review, we explore one possible reason for this cross-cultural difference, that Asian cultures think differently about emotion than do Western cultures and that these different systems of thought help explain why negative affect does not escalate into clinical disorder at the same rate. We review research from multiple disciplines-including cross-cultural psychology, social cognition, clinical psychology, and psychiatry-to make the case that the Eastern holistic principles of contradiction (each experience is associated with its opposite), change (the world exists in a state of constant flux), and context (the interconnectedness of all things) fundamentally shape people's experience of emotions in different cultures...
October 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031895/chronic-pelvic-pain-in-an-interdisciplinary-setting-1-year-prospective-cohort
#3
Catherine Allaire, Christina Williams, Sonja Bodmer-Roy, Sean Zhu, Kristina Arion, Kristin Ambacher, Jessica Wu, Ali Yosef, Fontayne Wong, Heather Noga, Susannah Britnell, Holly Yager, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Arianne Y Albert, Sarka Lisonkova, Paul J Yong
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic pain affects ∼15% of women, and presents a challenging problem for gynecologists due to its complex etiology involving multiple comorbidities. Thus an interdisciplinary approach has been proposed for chronic pelvic pain, where these multifactorial comorbidities can be addressed by different interventions at a single integrated center. Moreover, while cross-sectional studies can provide some insight into the association between these comorbidities and chronic pelvic pain severity, prospective longitudinal cohorts can identify comorbidities that are associated with changes in chronic pelvic pain severity over time...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026537/negative-effects-of-long-term-feeding-of-high-grain-diets-to-lactating-goats-on-milk-fat-production-and-composition-by-regulating-gene-expression-and-dna-methylation-in-the-mammary-gland
#4
Ping Tian, Yanwen Luo, Xian Li, Jing Tian, Shiyu Tao, Canfeng Hua, Yali Geng, Yingdong Ni, Ruqian Zhao
BACKGROUND: It is well known that feeding a high concentrate (HC) diet to lactating ruminants likely induces subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) and leads to a decrease in milk fat production. However, the effects of feeding a HC diet for long periods on milk fatty acids composition and the mechanism behind the decline of milk fat still remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of feeding a HC diet to lactating dairy goats on milk fat yield and fatty acids composition with an emphasis on the mechanisms underlying the milk fat depression...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024226/anger-and-depressive-ruminations-as-predictors-of-dysregulated-behaviours-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Francesca Martino, Gabriele Caselli, Jessica Di Tommaso, Sandra Sassaroli, Marcantonio M Spada, Barbara Valenti, Domenico Berardi, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
BACKGROUND: Anger and depressive ruminations have recently received empirical attention as processes related to borderline personality disorder (BPD). The Emotional Cascade Model (Selby, Anestis, & Joiner, 2008) suggests that negative affect (such as anger and sadness) may trigger rumination, which in turn may increase the duration and extent of negative affect, leading to dysregulated behaviours aimed at reducing such intense and unpleasant emotions. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between emotional dysregulation, anger and depressive ruminations, and their role in predicting dysregulated behaviours (such as aggression and self-harm) in a clinical sample of patients with BPD...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022731/meta-analyses-of-cardiovascular-reactivity-to-rumination-a-possible-mechanism-linking-depression-and-hostility-to-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Lorna Y Busch, Patrick Pössel, Jeffrey C Valentine
Rumination is a way of cognitive coping associated with depression and hostility that prolongs cardiovascular responses to stress. If repeated over time, the associated autonomic dysregulation may be 1 mechanism linking depression and hostility to cardiovascular disease. The current meta-analyses investigate the magnitude of cardiovascular responses (heart rate, diastolic blood pressure, and systolic blood pressure) to induced state sadness and angry rumination which are associated with depression and hostility, respectively...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019657/trans-10-cis-12-conjugated-linoleic-acid-affects-expression-of-lipogenic-genes-in-mammary-glands-of-lactating-dairy-goats
#7
Huaiping Shi, Tianying Zhang, Cong Li, Jianjue Wang, Jiangtao Huang, Zhongyang Li
The molecular mechanisms on milk fat depression (MFD) in response to trans-10,cis-12-conjugated linoleic acid (t10,c12-CLA) supplementation in ruminants were elucidated in this research with dairy goats. A total of 30 2-year-old Xinong Saanen dairy goats [40 ± 5 days in milk (DIM)] at peak lactation stage were assigned to a 3 × 3 Latin square design (14 day treatment period, followed with 14 day washout). Three CLA treatments included (a) control, fed the basal diet only without CLA supplementation; (b) orally supplemented with 8 g/day of lipid-encapsulated CLA (low dose, CLA-1); and (c) orally supplemented with 16 g/day of lipid-encapsulated CLA (high dose, CLA-2)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017501/psychometric-properties-of-the-children-s-response-styles-questionnaire-in-a-hong-kong-chinese-community-sample
#8
Barbara Chuen Yee Lo, Yue Zhao, Yim Chi Ho, Terry Kit-Fong Au
BACKGROUND: The Children's Response Styles Questionnaire (CRSQ) is a widely-adopted inventory that assesses response styles in youths. It is useful in examining how coping styles (particularly rumination) may relate to depressive vulnerability in youths. Despite its utility, little is known about its applicability in non-Western cultures and CRSQ has not been evaluated using current psychometric methods including item response theory (IRT). The present study assessed the properties using IRT methods in a Chinese youth sample...
October 10, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017360/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-mental-health-problems-in-war-affected-youth-in-northern-uganda-findings-from-the-ways-study
#9
Kennedy Amone-P'Olak, Vavani Boitumelo, Diana Shamisai Mberengwa
BACKGROUND: Cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) have been shown to moderate the influence of War Experiences (WE) on mental health problems. AIMS: This study assessed the influence of WE and use of specific CERS on mental health problems among war-affected youth in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Five hundred and thirty-nine participants in an ongoing war-affected youth study (WAYS) were assessed by locally developed measures. CERS were measured by Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993746/rumination-as-a-mediator-between-childhood-trauma-and-adulthood-depression-anxiety-in-non-clinical-participants
#10
Ji S Kim, Min J Jin, Wookyoung Jung, Sang W Hahn, Seung-Hwan Lee
Objective: Although there is strong evidence that childhood trauma is associated with the development of depression and anxiety, relatively few studies have explored potential mediating factors for this relationship. The present study aimed to evaluate the mediating role of rumination in the link between childhood trauma and mood status such as depression, anxiety and affective lability. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and seven non-clinical participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Ruminative Response Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, the State Anxiety Inventory, and the Affective Lability Scale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989209/dampening-positive-rumination-and-positive-life-events-associations-with-depressive-symptoms-in-children-at-risk-for-depression
#11
Kirsten Gilbert, Katherine Luking, David Pagliaccio, Joan Luby, Deanna Barch
Blunted positive affect is characteristic of depression. Altered positive affect regulation may contribute to this blunting, and two regulation strategies, dampening positive affect and positive rumination, have been implicated in depression. However, the conditions under which these strategies impart risk/protective effects prior to onset of depression are unknown. The current study examined 81 healthy children (age 7-10) at low and high risk for depression on the basis of maternal history of depression and tested how dampening and positive rumination interacted with the experience of recent positive life events to predict depressive symptoms...
February 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987022/debate-on-defining-melancholia-a-core-mood-disorder
#12
Lucas Primo de Carvalho Alves, Neusa Sica da Rocha
OBJECTIVES: Recently, a debate article by Parker et al. was published regarding the biological type of depression, melancholia, in which they discussed its clinical presentation, particularly that involving psychomotor disturbances. However, there is one feature of melancholia that is frequently forgotten, to which this article aims to devote special attention: ruminative thoughts of guilt. METHODS: A critical review of the literature. RESULTS: The symptom of ruminative thoughts of guilt has been described historically in melancholia, and some recent data, such as neurobiological abnormalities and poor prognosis, support it as an important feature of depression...
October 7, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985150/nonlinear-associations-between-co-rumination-and-both-social-support-and-depression-symptoms
#13
Alyssa M Ames-Sikora, Meghan Rose Donohue, Erin C Tully
Co-ruminating about one's problems appears to involve both beneficial self-disclosure and harmful rumination, suggesting that moderate levels may be the most adaptive. This study used nonlinear regression to determine whether moderate levels of self-reported co-rumination in relationships with a sibling, parent, friend, and romantic partner are linked to the highest levels of self-perceived social support and lowest levels of self-reported depression symptoms in 175 emerging adults (77% female; M = 19.66 years)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983791/co-brooding-and-co-reflection-as-differential-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-and-friendship-quality-in-adolescents-investigating-the-moderating-role-of-gender
#14
Margot Bastin, Janne Vanhalst, Filip Raes, Patricia Bijttebier
Co-rumination has been shown advantageous for friendship quality, but disadvantageous for mental health. Recently, two components have been distinguished, with co-brooding predicting increases in depressive symptoms and co-reflection decreases. The current study aimed to replicate these findings and investigated whether both components also show differential relations with friendship quality. Gender was investigated as a moderator. Path analyses were used on data of 313 adolescents aged 9-17 (50.5% girls). Co-brooding was related to more concurrent and prospective depressive symptoms in girls...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983149/characteristics-of-repetitive-thought-associated-with-borderline-personality-features-a-multimodal-investigation-of-ruminative-content-and-style
#15
Jessica R Peters, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Brian T Upton, Nina A Talavera, Jacob J Folsom, Ruth A Baer
Increased ruminative style of thought has been well documented in borderline personality disorder (BPD); however, less is known about how the content of rumination relates to domains of BPD features. Relationships between forms of rumination and BPD features were examined in an undergraduate sample with a wide range of BPD features. Participants completed self-report measures of rumination and a free-writing task about their repetitive thought. Rumination on specific themes, including anger rumination, depressive brooding, rumination on interpersonal situations, anxious rumination, and stress-reactive rumination were significantly associated with most BPD features after controlling for general rumination...
September 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981917/aberrant-default-mode-network-hippocampus-connectivity-after-sad-memory-recall-in-remitted-depression
#16
Caroline A Figueroa, Roel J T Mocking, Guido van Wingen, Suzanne Martens, Henricus G Ruhé, Aart H Schene
Rumination and cognitive reactivity (dysfunctional cognitions after sad mood-induction) remain high in remitted Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and can contribute to new episodes. These factors have been linked to increased fMRI resting-state functional-connectivity within the Default-Mode Network (DMN). It remains unclear whether (I) increased DMN-connectivity persists during MDD-remission, and (II) whether sad mood-induction differentially affects DMN-connectivity in remitted-MDD versus controls. Moreover, DMN-connectivity studies in remitted-MDD were previously confounded by antidepressant-use...
September 13, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967627/tibetan-herbal-tea-agar-35-reduces-negative-affect-and-anxiety-a-placebo-controlled-pilot-study
#17
Timothy J Martin, Scott Mist, Tenzin Lektsok, Natalie L Trent
INTRODUCTION: Herbal medicine and other forms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are used to treat symptoms of psychiatric disorders in the United States, including anxiety and mood problems. In Traditional Tibetan Medicine anxiety and depression are commonly treated with an herbal compound known as Agar-35. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to explore whether Agar-35 tea would improve anxiety, affect, stress, and rumination. METHODS: Undergraduate psychology students (N=14) were randomized to drink either Agar-35 tea (n=6) or placebo tea (n=8) for 7 nights...
August 30, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964521/modulation-of-chewing-behavior-and-reticular-ph-in-nonlactating-cows-challenged-with-concentrate-rich-diets-supplemented-with-phytogenic-compounds-and-autolyzed-yeast
#18
I Kröger, E Humer, V Neubauer, N Reisinger, S Aditya, Q Zebeli
Feeding of concentrate-rich diets impairs chewing behavior and leads to rumen acidosis in cattle. Because of their modulatory effects on ruminal fermentation, phytogenic compounds (PHY) and autolyzed yeast derivatives (AY) may alleviate the negative consequences of high-concentrate diets. Therefore, this research investigated if chewing behavior and the reticular pH dynamics are modulated by AY and PHY supplementation during repeated concentrate-rich challenges used to simulate intermittent rumen acidotic insults...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946039/disrupted-amygdala-prefrontal-connectivity-during-emotion-regulation-links-stress-reactive-rumination-and-adolescent-depressive-symptoms
#19
Carina H Fowler, Michelle E Miernicki, Karen D Rudolph, Eva H Telzer
Rumination in response to stress (stress-reactive rumination) has been linked to higher levels of depressive symptoms in adolescents. However, no work to date has examined the neural mechanisms connecting stress-reactive rumination and adolescent depressive symptoms. The present work attempted to bridge this gap through an fMRI study of 41 adolescent girls (Mage=15.42, SD=0.33) - a population in whom elevated levels of depressive symptoms, rumination, and social stress sensitivity are displayed. During the scan, participants completed two tasks: an emotion regulation task and a social stress task...
October 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920785/detomidine-and-butorphanol-for-standing-sedation-in-a-range-of-zoo-kept-ungulate-species
#20
Tim Bouts, Joanne Dodds, Karla Berry, Abdi Arif, Polly Taylor, Andrew Routh, Frank Gasthuys
General anesthesia poses risks for larger zoo species, like cardiorespiratory depression, myopathy, and hyperthermia. In ruminants, ruminal bloat and regurgitation of rumen contents with potential aspiration pneumonia are added risks. Thus, the use of sedation to perform minor procedures is justified in zoo animals. A combination of detomidine and butorphanol has been routinely used in domestic animals. This drug combination, administered by remote intramuscular injection, can also be applied for standing sedation in a range of zoo animals, allowing a number of minor procedures...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
keyword
keyword
94113
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"