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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455367/adolescents-and-young-adults-living-with-congenital-heart-disease-coping-stress-reactivity-and-emotional-functioning
#1
Jennifer D Monti, Jamie L Jackson, Kathryn Vannatta
Living with congenital heart disease (CHD) presents survivors with numerous stressors, which may contribute to emotional problems. This study examined (a) whether coping with CHD-related stress predicts symptoms of depression and anxiety, and (b) whether associations between coping and emotional distress are moderated by involuntary stress reactivity. Adolescents and young adults diagnosed with CHD (Mage = 26.4) were recruited from pediatric and adult outpatient cardiology clinics. Participants (N = 168) completed online self-report measures...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433340/worry-and-rumination-do-they-prolong-physiological-and-affective-recovery-from-stress
#2
Lora Capobianco, Julie A Morris, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression have been linked to repetitive negative self-regulation styles in the form of worry and rumination respectively. Following predictions of the metacognitive model [Wells, A., & Matthews, G. (1994). Attention and emotion: A clinical perspective. Hove: Erlbaum], the current study compared the effect on recovery from stress of three strategies: worry, rumination, and distraction using a stress exposure paradigm. It was predicted that worry and/or rumination would be associated with delayed recovery on physiological and/or self-report indices when compared to distraction...
February 12, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430258/mindfulness-and-psychological-health-outcomes-a-latent-profile-analysis-among-military-personnel-and-college-students
#3
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Michelle L Kelley
Previous research on trait mindfulness facets using person-centered analyses (e.g., latent profile analysis [LPA]) has identified four distinct mindfulness profiles among college students: a high mindfulness group (high on all facets of the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire [FFMQ]), a judgmentally observing group (highest on observing, but low on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness), a non-judgmentally aware group (high on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness, but very low on observing), and a low mindfulness group (low on all facets of the FFMQ)...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428766/short-communication-field-study-to-investigate-the-associations-between-herd-level-risk-factors-for-milk-fat-depression-and-bulk-tank-milk-fat-percent-in-dairy-herds-feeding-monensin
#4
M M McCarthy, T R Overton, G D Mechor, D E Bauman, T C Jenkins, D V Nydam
Fat is the most variable milk component, and maintaining milk fat continues to be a challenge on commercial dairy farms. Our objectives were to establish associations between herd-level risk factors for milk fat depression and bulk tank milk fat content in commercial dairy herds feeding monensin. Seventy-nine Holstein commercial dairy herds in the northeast and upper Midwestern United States were enrolled in an observational study. Data were collected on herd characteristics, total mixed ration (TMR) samples, all component silage samples, and bulk tank milk samples...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426323/assessment-of-grief-related-rumination-validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-utrecht-grief-rumination-scale-ugrs
#5
Bettina K Doering, Antonia Barke, Thilo Friehs, Maarten C Eisma
BACKGROUND: Bereavement can result in severe mental health problems, including persistent, severe and disabling grief symptoms, termed complicated grief. Grief rumination (i.e., repetitive thought about the causes and consequences of the loss) is a malleable cognitive risk-factor in adjustment to bereavement. The Utrecht Grief Rumination Scale (UGRS) was recently developed to assess grief rumination. The present study aimed to develop and validate a German version of the UGRS. METHODS: An online survey including measures of demographic and loss-related variables, grief rumination (UGRS), depressive rumination (brooding and reflection), and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and complicated grief, was administered online among 159 persons (87% women) who had lost a first-degree relative in the past three years...
February 9, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425140/an-experimental-exploration-of-the-effects-of-exposure-to-images-of-nature-on-rumination
#6
Sarah Elizabeth Golding, Birgitta Gatersleben, Mark Cropley
Exposure to natural environments has been shown to have beneficial effects on mood. Rumination is a thinking style associated with negative mood, and sometimes depression, and is characterized by repetitive, intrusive thoughts, often with a negative emotional element. This study investigated whether exposure to nature, operationalized using photographs presented as a slideshow, could aid reduction in levels of state rumination. An experimental, within-between (Time x Condition) participant design was used; participants (n = 58) undertook a presentation task designed to induce rumination and influence mood...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424553/lower-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-reduced-autobiographical-memory-specificity
#7
Tom J Barry, Keisuke Takano, Yannick Boddez, Filip Raes
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep can have an important influence on memory. However, it is unclear whether there is any relation between sleep quality and the specificity with which autobiographical memories are retrieved, a key factor associated with vulnerability for, and the presence of, depression and other psychiatric diagnoses. The present study provides the first investigation of the association between sleep quality and autobiographical memory specificity. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD: Fifty-four unselected community participants completed the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) to assess memory specificity, while subjective and objective measures of total sleep time and sleep onset latency were provided through a daily diary and an actigraphy wristwatch worn for a week...
February 9, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423343/rumination-and-psychopathology-are-anger-and-depressive-rumination-differentially-associated-with-internalizing-and-externalizing-psychopathology
#8
Alta du Pont, Soo Hyun Rhee, Robin P Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
Existing literature on rumination has predominately focused on depressive rumination; thus, there is little research directly comparing different forms of rumination as correlates of psychopathological outcomes. The present study investigated anger and depressive rumination as correlates of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Cross-sectional confirmatory factor analyses on data from 764 young adults from the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study indicated that anger and depressive rumination were separable at the latent variable level, and were both associated with lifetime symptoms of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology...
February 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413080/rumination-social-problem-solving-and-suicide-intent-among-egyptians-with-a-recent-suicide-attempt
#9
Amira Y Sharaf, Ola A Lachine, Elaine A Thompson
The more complex influences of social problem-solving abilities and rumination-specifically brooding and reflection-on suicide intent is not well understood. We hypothesized that social problem solving would moderate the association between reflection and suicide intent, and mediate the influence of brooding on suicide intent. A convenience sample (N=186) of individuals hospitalized for recent suicide attempt was interviewed, assessing suicide intent, social problem solving, brooding, reflection and depression...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407357/measuring-racing-thoughts-in-healthy-individuals-the-racing-and-crowded-thoughts-questionnaire-rctq
#10
Luisa Weiner, Sébastien Weibel, Wagner de Sousa Gurgel, Ineke Keizer, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Anne Giersch, Gilles Bertschy
Racing thoughts refer to an acceleration and overproduction of thoughts, which have been associated with manic and mixed episodes. Phenomenology distinguishes 'crowded' from 'racing' thoughts, associated with mixed depression and mania, respectively. Recent data suggest racing thoughts might also be present in healthy individuals with sub-affective traits and symptoms. We investigated this assumption, with a 34-item self-rating scale, the Racing and Crowded Thoughts Questionnaire (RCTQ), and evaluated its reliability, factor structure, and concurrent validity...
January 26, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391827/development-and-implementation-of-an-inpatient-multidisciplinary-pain-management-program-for-patients-with-intractable-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-japan-preliminary-report
#11
Naoto Takahashi, Satoshi Kasahara, Shoji Yabuki
Introduction: Multidisciplinary pain management is a useful method to treat chronic musculoskeletal pain. Few facilities in Japan administer a multidisciplinary pain management program, especially an inpatient program. Therefore, we implemented a multidisciplinary pain management program in our hospital based on biopsychosocial factors guided by the recommendations of the International Association for the Study of Pain. The purpose of this study is to describe our inpatient pain management program for Japanese patients, which uses the biopsychosocial method of pain self-management...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387263/dispositional-mindfulness-and-psychological-health-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Eve R Tomlinson, Omar Yousaf, Axel D Vittersø, Lauraine Jones
Interest in the influence of dispositional mindfulness (DM) on psychological health has been gathering pace over recent years. Despite this, a systematic review of this topic has not been conducted. A systematic review can benefit the field by identifying the terminology and measures used by researchers and by highlighting methodological weaknesses and empirical gaps. We systematically reviewed non-interventional, quantitative papers on DM and psychological health in non-clinical samples published in English up to June 2016, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383884/how-does-rumination-impact-cognition-a-first-mechanistic-model
#13
Marieke K van Vugt, Maarten van der Velde
Rumination is a process of uncontrolled, narrowly focused negative thinking that is often self-referential, and that is a hallmark of depression. Despite its importance, little is known about its cognitive mechanisms. Rumination can be thought of as a specific, constrained form of mind-wandering. Here, we introduce a cognitive model of rumination that we developed on the basis of our existing model of mind-wandering. The rumination model implements the hypothesis that rumination is caused by maladaptive habits of thought...
January 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368955/translating-cognitive-vulnerability-theory-into-improved-adolescent-depression-screening-a-receiver-operating-characteristic-approach
#14
Joseph R Cohen, Felix K So, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami F Young
Traditionally, screening research tests how well a given symptom inventory can identify a concurrent depressive episode. Although developmental psychopathology could inform screening protocols for a myriad of depression outcomes (e.g., prospective depressive episodes), approaches typically used in research make it difficult to translate these findings. Using a translational analytic approach and multiwave longitudinal study design, we examined how screening for cognitive vulnerabilities (rumination, dysfunctional attitudes, and attributional style) may improve our ability to identify concurrent depressive episodes, prospective depressive episodes, first lifetime episodes of depression, and recurrent major depressive episodes...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368207/cognitive-and-interpersonal-vulnerabilities-to-adolescent-depression-classification-of-risk-profiles-for-a-personalized-prevention-approach
#15
Benjamin L Hankin, Jami F Young, Robert Gallop, Judy Garber
Despite interest in psychosocial vulnerabilities to depression, little is known about reliable and valid individualized risk profiles that can be used to match individuals to evidence-based interventions for depression. This study investigated well-established cognitive and interpersonal vulnerabilities to depression among youth to discern an evidence-based risk classification approach which is being used in a personalized depression prevention randomized clinical trial. Data were drawn from a general community sample of adolescents (N = 467; ages 10-16, mean 13...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363465/treating-anxiety-and-depression-of-cancer-survivors-behavioral-activation-versus-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#16
Sonia González-Fernández, Concepción Fernández-Rodríguez, María D Paz-Caballero, Marino Pérez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Behavioral activation (BA) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) are considered particularly useful treatments when dealing with emotional problems of cancer survivors. The efficacy of these two treatments, applied on a group basis, were evaluated and compared. METHOD: An analysis was carried out of pre-post treatment changes in the emotional state and patterns of activation/avoidance of 52 cancer patients, with anxiety and/or depression, randomly assigned to three groups (BA/ACT/waiting list control)...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362887/rumination-impairs-the-control-of-stimulus-induced-retrieval-of-irrelevant-information-but-not-attention-control-or-response-selection-in-general
#17
Lorenza S Colzato, Laura Steenbergen, Bernhard Hommel
The aim of the study was to throw more light on the relationship between rumination and cognitive-control processes. Seventy-eight adults were assessed with respect to rumination tendencies by means of the LEIDS-r before performing a Stroop task, an event-file task assessing the automatic retrieval of irrelevant information, an attentional set-shifting task, and the Attentional Network Task, which provided scores for alerting, orienting, and executive control functioning. The size of the Stroop effect and irrelevant retrieval in the event-five task were positively correlated with the tendency to ruminate, while all other scores did not correlate with any rumination scale...
January 23, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355364/anxiety-sensitivity-and-rumination-transdiagnostic-factors-involved-in-the-relation-between-subjective-social-status-and-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-disorders-among-economically-disadvantaged-latinos-in-primary-care
#18
Michael J Zvolensky, Daniel J Paulus, Jafar Bakhshaie, Monica Garza, Jeanette Valdivieso, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Lorraine R Reitzel, Andres G Viana, Chad Lemaire, Daniel Bogiaizian, Zuzuky Robles, Kara Manning, Nubia A Mayorga, Norman B Schmidt, Anahi Collado
Latinos face striking physical and mental health disparities. One factor associated with such disparities is subjective social status, reflecting subjective ratings of social standing. Yet there is presently a lack of empirical information about the mechanisms underlying relations between subjective social status and anxiety and depressive symptoms and disorders among Latinos in community medical services that serve as focal catchment areas for assessment and intervention programming. The present investigation examined the unique explanatory roles of 2 transdiagnostic factors, rumination and anxiety sensitivity, in the relation between subjective social status and depressive, suicidal, social anxiety, and anxious arousal symptoms as well as anxiety/depressive disorders, among Latinos seeking health services at a primary health care facility...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346083/testing-the-cognitive-catalyst-model-of-rumination-with-explicit-and-implicit-cognitive-content
#19
Christopher C Sova, John E Roberts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The cognitive catalyst model posits that rumination and negative cognitive content, such as negative schema, interact to predict depressive affect. Past research has found support for this model using explicit measures of negative cognitive content such as self-report measures of trait self-esteem and dysfunctional attitudes. The present study tested whether these findings would extend to implicit measures of negative cognitive content such as implicit self-esteem, and whether effects would depend on initial mood state and history of depression...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345805/is-the-widely-used-two-factor-structure-of-the-ruminative-responses-scale-invariant-across-different-samples-of-women
#20
Paola Lucena-Santos, José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: Although the Ruminative Responses Scale is one of the most widely used measures of rumination, its two-factor structure remains controversial. Taking this into account, we aimed to test the RRS-10 two-factor invariance (Brazilian version) between different samples of women and to study its internal consistency and convergent validity. METHODS: A sample of 321 women (general population, n = 106; college students, n = 115; and medical population of patients with overweight and obesity, n = 100) participated in the study...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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