keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

depression rumination

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088408/the-effects-of-adding-fat-to-diets-of-lactating-dairy-cows-on-total-tract-neutral-detergent-fiber-digestibility-a-meta-analysis
#1
K A Weld, L E Armentano
The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the effects of supplemental fat on fiber digestibility in lactating dairy cattle. Published papers that evaluated the effects of adding fat to the diets of lactating dairy cattle on total-tract neutral detergent fiber digestibility (ttNDFd) and dry matter intake (DMI) were compiled. The final data set included 108 fat-supplemented treatment means, not including low-fat controls, from 38 publications. The fat-supplemented treatment means exhibited a wide range of ttNDFd (49...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088403/ginkgo-fruit-extract-as-an-additive-to-modify-rumen-microbiota-and-fermentation-and-to-mitigate-methane-production
#2
S Oh, R Shintani, S Koike, Y Kobayashi
Ginkgo fruit, an unused byproduct of the ginkgo nut industry, contains antimicrobial compounds known as anacardic acids. Two major cultivars of ginkgo, Kyuju (K) and Tokuro (T), were evaluated for their potential as a feed additive for ruminants. In batch culture, we incubated a mixture of hay and concentrate in diluted rumen fluid with or without 1.6% (fruit equivalent) ginkgo fruit extract. We conducted another series of batch culture studies to determine the dose response of fermentation. We also conducted continuous culture using the rumen simulation technique (RUSITEC) with cultivar K and carried out a pure culture study to monitor the sensitivity of 17 representative rumen bacterial species to ginkgo extract and component phenolics...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068613/behavioral-activation-treatment-for-major-depression-a-randomized-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-augmentation-with-cognitive-control-training
#3
Samantha J Moshier, Michael W Otto
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with hypoactivation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, a brain region involved in emotion regulation and basic cognitive control processes. Recent studies have indicated that computerized interventions designed to activate this region may reduce depressive and ruminative symptoms. In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, we tested whether one such program, called Cognitive Control Training (CCT), enhanced treatment outcomes when used in adjunct to brief behavior therapy for MDD...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050759/tension-among-women-in-north-india-an-idiom-of-distress-and-a-cultural-syndrome
#4
Lesley Jo Weaver
The existing literature on Indian ethnopsychology has long asserted that somatization is a key aspect of experiences of distress. The study of idioms of distress arose out of work done in India (Nichter in Cult Med Psychiatry 5(4):379-408, 1981), but ironically, little subsequent work has systematically explored idioms of distress in this part of the world. This ethnographic study focused on the term tension (tenśan) and its relation to a cultural syndrome among women in urban North India. This syndrome appears to involve rapid-onset anger, irritation, rumination, and sleeplessness as key symptoms...
January 3, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049069/prevention-of-anxiety-disorders-and-depression-by-targeting-excessive-worry-and-rumination-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Maurice Topper, Paul M G Emmelkamp, Ed Watkins, Thomas Ehring
BACKGROUND: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of a preventive intervention for anxiety disorders and depression by targeting excessive levels of repetitive negative thinking (RNT; worry and rumination) in adolescents and young adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 251, 83.7% female) showing elevated levels of RNT were randomly allocated to a 6-week cognitive-behavioral training delivered in a group, via the internet, or to a waitlist control condition...
December 23, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029354/-idem-depression-characteristics-and-evaluation-of-an-open-group-that-combines-psychoeducation-and-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#6
L Weiner, E Garcia-Krafes, S Garcia, C Berthomier, A Morali, J-Y Metzger, S Weibel, H Javelot, G Bertschy
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a highly prevalent mental illness that is associated with high rates of morbidity and functional impairment. At the psychiatric unit of the University Hospital of Strasbourg, France, we have developed an open group that combines psychoeducation and cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT), the information, discovery, exchange and mobilization for depression group (IDEM-depression). IDEM-depression is composed of 17 thematic, structured, and independent sessions, which address different aspects of depression (i...
October 28, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992548/unveiling-the-structure-of-cognitive-vulnerability-for-depression-specificity-and-overlap
#7
Igor Marchetti, Tom Loeys, Lauren B Alloy, Ernst H W Koster
There is extensive literature establishing the influence of rumination, hopelessness, and dysfunctional attitudes on depressive symptoms. However, it is unclear whether these vulnerability factors are distinctly related to depressive symptoms or show substantial overlap. In two large samples of undergraduates (Study #1, n = 304; Study #2, n = 491) and two samples of clinically depressed individuals (Study #3, n = 141; Study #4, n = 109, from published studies), questionnaire data were used to examine the relationship between cognitive vulnerability factors and depressive symptoms, along with additional measures of anxiety and stress symptoms...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989566/gender-differences-in-eating-behavior-and-eating-pathology-the-mediating-role-of-rumination
#8
Mareile Opwis, Jennifer Schmidt, Alexandra Martin, Christel Salewski
OBJECTIVE: Rumination is a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy which contributes to psychopathology and is more frequently used by women than men. It has been found to mediate the relationship between gender and the occurrence of anxiety disorders or depression. Since gender differences also appear in dysfunctional eating, the aim of the study is to test, whether rumination mediates the association between gender and several facets of eating pathology. METHOD: A total of 295 participants (205 women) completed an online-questionnaire including the assessment of different facets of dysfunctional eating and rumination...
March 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988119/rumination-time-and-reticuloruminal-temperature-as-possible-predictors-of-dystocia-in-dairy-cows
#9
L Kovács, F L Kézér, F Ruff, O Szenci
The objectives of this study were to explore changes of rumination time and reticuloruminal pH and temperature of dairy cows and heifers (means ± standard deviation; age = 5.8 ± 1.9; parity = 2.7 ± 1.4; body condition score = 3.2 ± 0.2) with eutocic (EUT, n = 10) and dystocic calving (DYS, n = 8). The recording period lasted from 3 d before calving until 7 d in milk. For the comparison of rumination time and reticuloruminal characteristics between groups, time to return to baseline (the time interval required to return to baseline from the delivery of the calf) and area under the curve (AUC; both for prepartum and postpartum periods) were calculated for each parameter...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986741/cognitive-bias-modification-for-interpretation-with-and-without-prior-repetitive-negative-thinking-to-reduce-worry-and-rumination-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-depression-protocol-for-a-multisession-experimental-study-with-an-active-control-condition
#10
Charlotte Krahé, Andrew Mathews, Jessica Whyte, Colette R Hirsch
INTRODUCTION: Worry and rumination are two forms of repetitive thinking characterised by their negative content and apparently uncontrollable nature. Although worry and rumination share common features and have been conceptualised as part of a transdiagnostic repetitive negative thinking (RNT) process, it remains unclear whether they share the same underlying cognitive mechanisms. This multisession experimental study investigates the tendency to make negative interpretations regarding ambiguous information as a cognitive mechanism underlying RNT...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983580/insomnia-phenotypes-based-on-objective-sleep-duration-in-adolescents-depression-risk-and-differential-behavioral-profiles
#11
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Susan L Calhoun, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Yun Li, Jordan Gaines, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
Based on previous studies on the role of objective sleep duration in predicting morbidity in individuals with insomnia, we examined the role of objective sleep duration in differentiating behavioral profiles in adolescents with insomnia symptoms. Adolescents from the Penn State Child Cohort (n = 397, ages 12-23, 54.7% male) underwent a nine-hour polysomnography (PSG), clinical history, physical examination and psychometric testing, including the Child or Adult Behavior Checklist and Pediatric Behavior Scale...
December 13, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935729/abnormal-neural-responses-to-feedback-in-depressed-adolescents
#12
Christian A Webb, Randy P Auerbach, Erin Bondy, Colin H Stanton, Dan Foti, Diego A Pizzagalli
Depression rates surge in adolescence, particularly among females. Recent findings suggest that depressed adolescents are characterized by hypersensitivity to negative outcomes and blunted responsiveness to rewards. However, our understanding of the pathophysiology and time course of these abnormalities remains limited. Due to their high temporal resolution, event-related potentials (ERPs) provide an ideal probe to investigate these processes. In the present study, healthy (n = 25) and depressed (n = 26) female adolescents (13-18 years) completed a gambling task during 128-channel ERP recording...
January 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923575/scaling-methane-emissions-in-ruminants-and-global-estimates-in-wild-populations
#13
F J Pérez-Barbería
Methane (CH4) emissions by human activities have more than doubled since the 1700s, and they contribute to global warming. One of the sources of CH4 is produced by incomplete oxidation of feed in the ruminant's gut. Domestic ruminants produce most of the emissions from animal sources, but emissions by wild ruminants have been poorly estimated. This study (i) scales CH4 against body mass in 503 experiments in ruminants fed herbage, and assesses the effect of different sources of variation, using published and new data; and (ii) it uses these models to produce global estimates of CH4 emissions from wild ruminants...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922720/function-of-personal-growth-initiative-on-posttraumatic-growth-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-over-and-above-adaptive-and-maladaptive-rumination
#14
Yuki Shigemoto, Blakely Low, Dominika Borowa, Christine Robitschek
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether various types of rumination are distinguishable and the effects of personal growth initiative (PGI) on posttraumatic growth, posttraumatic stress, and depression through adaptive and maladaptive rumination. METHOD: Sample included 292 college students who experienced a potentially traumatic event (PTE). RESULTS: Intrusive and deliberative rumination were found to be distinct factors. However, brooding and reflection, thought to be separate aspects of depression, were a single factor...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922343/daily-and-trait-rumination-diurnal-cortisol-patterns-in-adolescent-girls
#15
Lori M Hilt, Michael R Sladek, Leah D Doane, Catherine B Stroud
Rumination is a maladaptive form of emotion regulation associated with psychopathology. Research with adults suggests that rumination covaries with diurnal cortisol rhythms, yet this has not been examined among adolescents. Here, we examine the day-to-day covariation between rumination and cortisol, and explore whether trait rumination is associated with alterations in diurnal cortisol rhythms among adolescent girls. Participants (N = 122) provided saliva samples 3 times per day over 3 days, along with daily reports of stress and rumination, questionnaires assessing trait rumination related to peer stress, and diagnostic interviews assessing depression and anxiety...
December 6, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921216/neural-correlates-of-rumination-in-adolescents-with-remitted-major-depressive-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#16
Katie L Burkhouse, Rachel H Jacobs, Amy T Peters, Olu Ajilore, Edward R Watkins, Scott A Langenecker
The aim of the present study was to use fMRI to examine the neural correlates of engaging in rumination among a sample of remitted depressed adolescents, a population at high risk for future depressive relapse. A rumination induction task was used to assess differences in the patterns of neural activation during rumination versus a distraction condition among 26 adolescents in remission from major depressive disorder (rMDD) and in 15 healthy control adolescents. Self-report depression and rumination, as well as clinician-rated depression, were also assessed among all participants...
December 5, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917000/emotional-working-memory-training-as-an-online-intervention-for-adolescent-anxiety-and-depression-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
E Leone de Voogd, Reinout W Wiers, Robert J Zwitser, Elske Salemink
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent disorders in adolescence. They are associated with deficits in working memory (WM), which also appears to increase rumination, worry, and negative mood. WM training, especially in an emotional context, might help in reducing or preventing these disorders. The current study investigated the direct effects of online emotional WM training on WM capacity, and short- and long-term effects on symptoms of anxiety and depression, and secondary measures of emotional functioning...
September 2016: Australian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913990/sirukumab-a-potential-treatment-for-mood-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Aileen J Zhou, Yena Lee, Giacomo Salvadore, Benjamin Hsu, Trehani M Fonseka, Sidney H Kennedy, Roger S McIntyre
Convergent evidence indicates that abnormalities in the innate immune system may be pertinent to the pathogenesis, phenomenology, and possible treatment of several mental disorders. In keeping with this view, the targeting of interleukin-6 with the human monoclonal antibody sirukumab may represent a possible treatment and disease modification approach, for adults with brain-based disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder). A PubMed/Medline database search was performed using the following search terms: sirukumab; anti-IL-6; IL-6; major depressive disorder; inflammation...
January 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898709/individual-differences-in-emotion-regulation-childhood-trauma-and-proneness-to-shame-and-guilt-in-adolescence
#19
Aurora Szentágotai-Tătar, Andrei C Miu
Dispositional shame and guilt have been associated with psychopathology and an increasing number of studies have traced this relation back to adolescence. This developmental period is thought to be characterized by maturational changes in emotion regulation, which also play an important role in vulnerability to psychopathology, but little is known about the links between emotion regulation and dispositional shame and guilt. The current study investigated the relations between individual differences in the habitual use of a wide range of emotion regulation strategies and proneness to shame and guilt in a large sample of adolescents (N = 706), aged 13 to 17 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894469/the-association-of-perseverative-negative-thinking-with-depression-anxiety-and-emotional-distress-in-people-with-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#20
Leanne Trick, Edward Watkins, Stacey Windeatt, Chris Dickens
OBJECTIVE: Depression is common in people with long term conditions, and is associated with worse medical outcomes. Previous research shows perseverative negative thinking (e.g. worry, rumination) predicts subsequent depression and worse medical outcomes, suggesting interventions targeting perseverative negative thinking could improve depression and medical outcomes. Previous studies recruited healthy individuals, however. This review aimed to determine the temporal relationship and strength of prospective association of perseverative negative thinking with depression, anxiety and emotional distress in people with long term conditions...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
keyword
keyword
94113
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"