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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440816/influences-of-prenatal-and-postnatal-maternal-depression-on-amygdala-volume-and-microstructure-in-young-children
#1
D J Wen, J S Poh, S N Ni, Y-S Chong, H Chen, K Kwek, L P Shek, P D Gluckman, M V Fortier, M J Meaney, A Qiu
Maternal depressive symptoms influence neurodevelopment in the offspring. Such effects may appear to be gender-dependent. The present study examined contributions of prenatal and postnatal maternal depressive symptoms to the volume and microstructure of the amygdala in 4.5-year-old boys and girls. Prenatal maternal depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 26 weeks of gestation. Postnatal maternal depression was assessed at 3 months using the EPDS and at 1, 2, 3 and 4...
April 25, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440252/adjustment-to-acquired-vision-loss-in-adults-presenting-for-visual-disability-certification
#2
Aditya Nakade, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet S Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Rehabilitation of the visually disabled depends on how they adjust to loss; understanding contributing factors may help in effective rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess adjustment to acquired vision loss in adults. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary-level teaching hospital, included thirty persons (25-65 years) with <6/60 in the better eye, and vision loss since ≥6-months...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438076/increased-work-and-social-engagement-is-associated-with-increased-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-in-stroke-survivors-at-3%C3%A2-months-and-12-months-post-stroke-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-australian-stroke-cohort
#3
Tamara Tse, Siti Zubaidah Binte Yusoff, Leonid Churilov, Henry Ma, Stephen Davis, Geoffrey Alan Donnan, Leeanne M Carey
BACKGROUND: There is a relative lack of longitudinal studies investigating stroke-specific outcomes and quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to identify which factors (level of disability, cognitive functioning, depressive symptoms, physical activity, and work and social engagement) were independently associated with each stroke-specific domain of QOL, adjusting for age and gender, at 3 months and 12 months post-stroke in an Australian cohort. METHOD: Survivors of ischemic stroke were recruited from 18 sites of the STroke imAging pRevention and Treatment (START) longitudinal cohort study...
April 24, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438073/the-meaning-profiles-of-anxiety-and-depression-similarities-and-differences-in-two-age-groups
#4
Shulamith Kreitler
The distinctiveness of anxiety and depression is discussed concerning their nature, definitions, uses, manifestations and determinants. The objective was to examine the difference and similarity of anxiety and depression by applying the psychosemantic approach, which is a theory and methodology based on analysing the cognitive processes applied in communicating meanings. In Study 1, there were 760 participants of both genders, 23-31 years old. They were administered the Meanings Test, which yields the respondent's meaning profile, and one of seven anxiety scales or one of three depression scales...
April 25, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436695/the-impact-of-childhood-parental-quality-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-older-adults
#5
R A Burns, V Loh, J E Byles, H L Kendig
OBJECTIVE: Parental bonding is cited as a determinant of mental health outcomes in childhood, adolescence and early-mid adulthood. Examination of the long-term impact for older adults is limited. We therefore examine the long-term risk of perceived poor parental bonding on mental health across the lifespan and into early-old age. METHODS: Participants (N = 1255) were aged 60-64 years of age and drawn from the Australian Life Histories and Health study. Quality of parental bonding was assessed with the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI)...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435819/psychological-disorders-among-iranian-infertile-couples-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-art
#6
Mansoureh Karimzadeh, Nasser Salsabili, Firouzeh Akbari Asbagh, Robab Teymouri, Golamreza Pourmand, Tahereh Soleimanieh Naeini
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, infertility affects 10%-15% of couples and most of them seek medical help including Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatments. Undergoing ART treatments create many physical and emotional burdens. This study examined the psychological consequences of infertility in Iranian infertile males and females as well as their spouses, unlike previous studies that examined mainly females with infertility. METHODS: Subjects in this descriptive analytical design were recruited from the IVF Department of Mirza Koochak Khan Hospital and the Rouyesh Infertility Treatment Center of Tehran, Iran between Aug 2014 and Sep 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435275/pathogenic-beliefs-among-patients-with-depressive-disorders
#7
Adam Neelapaijit, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Kulvadee Thongpibul
INTRODUCTION: Pathogenic belief is a central construct within control-mastery theory, which is an integrated dynamic-cognitive-relational approach in psychotherapy. Pathogenic beliefs result from traumatic life experiences and are considered the root of any psychological disorders presented clinically. Nevertheless, how and what type of pathogenic beliefs are attributed to clinical depressive disorder is unknown. The present study aimed to examine this issue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with depressive disorder, who came for psychotherapy at a psychotherapy clinic, were matched based on age and gender with healthy controls who were medical students...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434471/factors-associated-with-complementary-medicine-use-in-pediatric-musculoskeletal-conditions-results-from-a-national-survey
#8
Ezra M Cohen, Michelle L Dossett, Darshan H Mehta, Roger B Davis, Yvonne C Lee
OBJECTIVES: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common in children, but its use has only been investigated in children with musculoskeletal conditions (MSK) to a limited extent. We aimed to characterize factors associated with CAM use in children with MSK conditions. METHODS: Within the 2012 National Health Interview Survey dataset (including its child CAM supplement), we examined factors associated with CAM use in children with MSK conditions and performed an analysis examining the perceived usefulness of CAM therapies for MSK conditions...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434419/factors-of-nocturnal-sleep-and-daytime-nap-durations-in-community-dwelling-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#9
Grand H-L Cheng, Angelique Chan, June C Lo
BACKGROUND: Durations of nocturnal sleep and daytime nap influence the well-being of older adults. It is thus essential to understand their determinants. However, much previous research did not assess sleep duration and nap duration individually, and longitudinal data is lacking. This study aimed at examining the impact of demographic, psychosocial, and health factors, including ethnicity, social networks outside the household, smoking and physical exercise on sleep duration and nap duration among community-dwelling elderly...
April 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432547/health-related-quality-of-life-and-diabetes-self-care-activity-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes-in-korea
#10
Hacksun Kim, Kisook Kim
A critical goal in the management of elderly patients with diabetes is to improve their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to identify the factors affecting HRQOL in elderly Korean patients with diabetes. Participants were 365 elderly patients with diabetes who were treated in a general hospital in Korea. The data were analysed using independent t-tests, Pearson correlations, and stepwise multiple regression. The mean total HRQOL score was 74.77, and HRQOL showed positive correlations with activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and the Summary of Diabetes Self-care Activities (SDSA)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431526/recognition-of-depression-by-primary-care-clinicians-in-rural-ethiopia
#11
Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tedla W Giorgis, Crick Lund, Atalay Alem, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common health condition affecting up to a third of patients attending primary care, where most of the care for people with depression is provided. Adequate recognition of depression is the critical step in the path to effective care, particularly in low income countries. As part of the Programme for Improving Mental healthcare (PRIME), a project supporting the implementation of integrated mental healthcare in primary care, we evaluated the level of recognition of depression by clinicians working in primary care in rural Ethiopia prior to in service training...
April 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431260/standardization-of-brief-inventory-of-social-support-exchange-network-bissen-in-japan
#12
Miyuki Aiba, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Yoshiharu Fukuoka, Adam Lebowitz, Yuki Shiratori, Nagafumi Doi, Yutaka Matsui
This study describes the Brief Inventory of Social Support Exchange Network (BISSEN) as a standardized brief inventory measuring various aspects of social support. We confirmed the reliability and validity for function and direction of support and standardized the BISSEN. For Sample 1, a stratified random sampling method was used to select 5200 residents in Japan. We conducted mail surveys and responses were retrieved from 2274 participants (collection rate 43.7%). Participants completed a questionnaire packet that included BISSEN, suicidal ideation, depression, support seeking, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS)...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#13
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428339/association-between-body-size-weight-change-and-depression-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sun Jae Jung, Hyung-Taek Woo, Sooyoung Cho, Kyounghoon Park, Seokhun Jeong, Yu Jin Lee, Daehee Kang, Aesun Shin
BackgroundThe association between body size, weight change and depression has not been systematically summarised, especially for individuals who are underweight.AimsTo conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis to examine the association between indices of body size, weight change and depression.MethodA total of 183 studies were selected. Fully adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) were extracted. A total of 76 studies contributed to data synthesis with a random-effect model, and subgroup analyses were conducted to evaluate the effect of potential moderators...
April 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427707/incidence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-the-republic-of-ireland-a-prospective-population-based-study
#15
K O'Connell, N Tubridy, M Hutchinson, C McGuigan
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence and prevalence is increasing worldwide, with a disproportionally higher rate in women. Recent studies have questioned the presence of a latitudinal gradient in Europe. Ireland is a high prevalence country for MS with a previously reported North-South gradient making it ideal to further explore this concept. OBJECTIVES: In this study we prospectively determined the incidence rate of newly diagnosed MS in Ireland over a 12-month period and demonstrated the presence of a North-South gradient...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#16
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427170/association-of-pre-operative-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-with-five-year-survival-of-glioma-and-meningioma-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Adomas Bunevicius, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Arimantas Tamasauskas
BACKGROUND: Mental symptoms are common and associated with worse health status of brain tumor patients. We evaluated the association of pre-operative depressive and anxiety symptoms with 5-year mortality of glioma and meningioma patients. METHODS: One-hundred and fifty-two patients (mean age 56.9±14.7 years, 69% women) were evaluated for functional status (Barthel index), and depressive and anxiety symptom severity (Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale or HADS)...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425053/what-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-correlate-with-expectations-with-trapeziometacarpal-arthritis
#18
Lana Kang, Joseph Nguyen, Sohaib Z Hashmi, Steve K Lee, Andrew J Weiland, Carol A Mancuso
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment variables have been shown to be associated with the fulfillment of patient expectations, yet in treating thumb trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis (OA) it remains unclear how patient expectations correlate with the effectiveness of treatment. An increased understanding of the variables that affect patient expectations enables tailored patient education and patient-provider communication. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is there a correlation between patient demographics and clinical characteristics, and the expectations the patients have when seeking treatment for trapeziometacarpal OA? (2) What factors are independently associated with the total expectations score and frequency of expecting "back to normal" among patients treated for trapeziometacarpal OA? METHODS: Between March 2011 and October 2013, 89 patients of all 96 eligible patients seeking treatment for trapeziometacarpal OA were approached and agreed to participate in this study...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422615/understanding-how-sexual-and-gender-minority-stigmas-influence-depression-among-trans-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india
#19
Venkatesan Chakrapani, Pandara Purayil Vijin, Carmen H Logie, Peter A Newman, Murali Shunmugam, Murugesan Sivasubramanian, Miriam Samuel
PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed how sexual and gender minority stigmas affect the mental health of trans women and self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in India, populations with a high HIV burden. We tested whether social support and resilient coping act as mediators of the effect of sexual and gender minority stigmas on depression as proposed by Hatzenbuehler's psychological mediation framework, or as moderators based on Meyer's minority stress theory. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among trans women (n = 300) and MSM (n = 300) recruited from urban and rural sites in India...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421608/can-functional-emotion-regulation-protect-children-s-mental-health-from-war-trauma-a-palestinian-study
#20
Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen, Samir R Qouta, Esa Palosaari, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Effective emotion regulation (ER) is expected to protect mental health in traumatic stress. We first analysed the protective (moderator) function of different ER strategies and the associations between ER and mental health. Second, we tested gender differences in the protective function of ER and the associations between ER strategies and mental health. Participants were 482 Palestinian children (girls 49.4%; 10-13 years, M = 11.29, SD = .68) whose ER was assessed by the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and mental health by post-traumatic stress (Children's Impact Event Scale), depressive, and psychological distress (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) symptoms, and by psychosocial well-being (Mental Health Continuum-Short Form)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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