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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031183/childhood-hunger-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adulthood-findings-from-a-population-based-study
#1
Andrew Stickley, Mall Leinsalu
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked childhood hunger to an increased risk for later depression. However, as yet, there has been little research on this relation in adults of all ages or whether there are sex differences in this association. The current study examined these issues using data from a national population-based sample. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 5095 adults aged 25-84 collected during the Estonian Health Interview Survey 2006. Information was obtained on the frequency of going to bed hungry in childhood and on depressive symptoms using the Emotional State Questionnaire (EST-Q)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027039/patterns-of-alcohol-abuse-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-township-mothers-in-south-africa-over-5-years
#2
Emily C Davis, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Thomas W Weichle, Roxana Rezai, Mark Tomlinson
Alcohol is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. In South Africa, alcohol abuse is hypothesized to correlate with women's HIV status, mental health, and partner relationships over time. All pregnant women in 12 urban, low-income, Cape Town neighborhoods were interviewed at baseline, post-birth, and at 6, 12, 36, and 60 months following delivery with retention rates from 82.5 to 94%. Women were assessed for any alcohol use, problematic drinking, depression, intimate partner violence, and HIV status...
October 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026449/emotional-impact-on-the-results-of-brca1-and-brca2-genetic-test-an-observational-retrospective-study
#3
Sara Mella, Barbara Muzzatti, Riccardo Dolcetti, Maria Antonietta Annunziata
BACKGROUND: BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are associated with a higher risk of breast and ovarian tumors. This study evaluated the emotional states of women 1 month after having received the results of the genetic test and assessed eventual associations with the type of outcome, personal/familiar disease history and major socio-demographic variables. METHODS: The study, an observational retrospective one, involved 91 women, evaluated 1 month after receiving their results...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024676/perinatal-fluoxetine-prevents-the-effect-of-pre-gestational-maternal-stress-on-5-ht-in-the-pfc-but-maternal-stress-has-enduring-effects-on-mpfc-synaptic-structure-in-offspring
#4
Mary Gemmel, Nikolaos Kokras, Christina Dalla, Jodi L Pawluski
Maternal affective disorders are frequently treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications (SSRIs); with up to 10% of women being prescribed these medications during pregnancy. Infant development depends on the early serotonergic environment, which is altered by perinatal SSRIs, raising concern about how these medications affect neural outcomes. While clinical and preclinical research suggests an impact of SSRIs on the developing brain, more research is needed to determine the effects on neuroplasticity, the serotonergic system, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in neural regions mediating behavior...
October 9, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023513/fruits-and-vegetables-consumption-and-depressive-symptoms-a-population-based-study-in-peru
#5
Isabella Wolniczak, José A Cáceres-DelAguila, Jorge L Maguiña, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: Among different factors, diet patterns seem to be related to depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the consumption of fruits and/or vegetables and depressive symptoms. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A secondary data analysis was conducted using information from a population-based survey from 25 regions from Peru. The outcome was the presence of depressive symptoms according to the Patient Health Questionnaire (cutoff ≥15 to define major depressive syndrome); whereas the exposure was the self-reported consumption of fruits and/or vegetables (in tertiles and using WHO recommendation ≥5 servings/day)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022404/the-significance-of-breastfeeding-on-sleep-patterns-during-the-first-48%C3%A2-hours-postpartum-for-first-time-mothers
#6
O Hughes, M M Mohamad, P Doyle, G Burke
Postpartum women sleep less during the early days following delivery. Long-term sleep disturbance and fatigue can have significant implications for physical and mental health, relationships, employment and parental competence. Most studies focus on the quality and quantity of maternal sleep between weeks one and six postpartum. We explored sleep patterns and reasons for wakefulness of first-time mothers immediately following delivery. Thirty first-time mothers completed a postnatal sleep questionnaire, detailing their total sleep time (TST), the reasons for being awake and their level of fatigue...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022251/genetic-and-environmental-relationships-between-eating-behavior-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression
#7
Yun-Mi Song, Kayoung Lee, Joohon Sung
PURPOSE: To assess gender-specific genetic and environmental correlations between depressive and anxiety symptoms, and concurrent and follow-up eating behavior in Korean twins and their family members. METHODS: Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were used to measure depressive and anxiety symptoms in subjects. To assess concurrent and follow-up relationships of the symptoms with eating behavior domains (restrained, emotional, and external eating), the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire was administered to 2359 subjects at baseline (men, 48...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022148/utilizing-education-and-perspective-taking-to-remediate-the-stigma-of-taking-antidepressants
#8
Larry R Martinez, Shi Xu, Michelle Hebl
The incidence of depression has been increasing. One of the best interventions for depression is taking antidepressant medications. However, the stigma of taking antidepressants has been shown to be a barrier not only to seeking an antidepressant regimen but also adhering to it. This may have negative consequences for people who suffer from depression. Thus, in two studies, we investigate the incidence of felt stigma of taking antidepressants among clinically depressed individuals who take antidepressants and the effectiveness of two possible interventions to reduce this stigma among others...
October 11, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021005/trends-in-depression-prevalence-in-the-usa-from-2005-to-2015-widening-disparities-in-vulnerable-groups
#9
A H Weinberger, M Gbedemah, A M Martinez, D Nash, S Galea, R D Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Major depression is associated with significant disability, morbidity, and mortality. The current study estimated trends in the prevalence of major depression in the US population from 2005 to 2015 overall and by demographic subgroups. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional study of US persons ages 12 and over (total analytic sample N = 607 520). Past-year depression prevalence was examined annually among respondents from 2005 to 2015...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020947/early-adversity-and-psychiatric-symptoms-a-prospective-study-on-ethiopian-mothers-and-their-children
#10
Johan Isaksson, Negussie Deyessa, Yemane Berhane, Ulf Högberg
BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to adversity during the perinatal period has been associated with increased susceptibility for psychiatric symptoms in the offspring. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible developmental effect of maternal perinatal stressors on emotional and behavioural symptoms in the offspring in a developing country. METHODS: We followed an Ethiopian birth cohort (N = 358), assessing intimate partner violence (IPV) and maternal psychiatric symptoms during the perinatal period and at follow-up 10 years later, as a proxy for adversity, and maternal ratings on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) 10 years later as the outcome...
October 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019474/are-pain-related-temporomandibular-disorders-the-product-of-an-interaction-between-psychological-factors-and-self-reported-bruxism
#11
Maurits Ka van Selms, Konstantin Muzalev, Corine M Visscher, Michail Koutris, Melike Bulut, Frank Lobbezoo
AIMS: To investigate whether pain-related temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the product of an interaction between psychological factors and self-reported bruxism activities. METHODS: Patients referred to a specialized clinic for complaints of orofacial pain and dysfunction completed a digital questionnaire prior to the first clinical visit. The patient sample was then split into a case group consisting of 268 patients diagnosed with TMD pain according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (85...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019412/associations-between-hiv-related-stigma-self-esteem-social-support-and-depressive-symptoms-in-namibia
#12
Eveline Ndii Kalomo
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the association between HIV-related stigma, self-esteem, social support, and depression of people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in Namibia. METHOD: Purposive sampling was used to recruit a total of 124 men and women living with HIV/AIDS in the Katima Mulilo region of northern Namibia. A cross-sectional survey was used to collect information on demographics, self-esteem, social support, HIV-related stigma, and depression...
October 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019027/acculturation-acculturative-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-in-international-migrants-a-study-with-vietnamese-women-in-south-korea
#13
Yong Ju Cho, Yuri Jang, Jung Eun Ko, Sun Hae Lee, Soo Kyung Moon
Globally, there have been increasing numbers of migrant women; these women are at an increased risk for depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among acculturation, acculturative stress and depressive symptoms in Vietnamese women who migrated to South Korea through marriages. We hypothesized that acculturative stress would serve as a mediator in the relationship between acculturation and depressive symptoms. Our findings from surveys with 217 Vietnamese immigrant women showed that the indirect effect of acculturation on depressive symptoms, mediated through acculturative stress [- ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018525/concordance-of-opinions-between-patients-and-physicians-and-their-relationship-with-symptomatic-control-and-future-risk-in-patients-with-moderate-severe-asthma
#14
Astrid Crespo-Lessmann, Vicente Plaza, Francisco-Javier González-Barcala, Toni Fernández-Sánchez, Joaquín Sastre
INTRODUCTION: Differences between the opinions of patients and physicians on the impact of asthma are common. We hypothesised that patient-physician discordance may negatively affect asthma outcome. METHODS: A total of 2902 patients (61% women, mean age 47 years) with moderate-severe asthma and 231 physicians participated in a prospective study. At the baseline visit, data on demographics, clinical variables, degree of asthma control according to the Asthma Control Test (ACT), basic spirometry and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were collected and an ad hoc questionnaire was completed that allowed the degree of concordance between doctors and patients to be assessed...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994200/a-nonpharmacological-approach-to-improve-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#16
Iris Rawtaer, Rathi Mahendran, Hui Yu Chan, Feng Lei, Ee Heok Kua
OBJECTIVES: Poor sleep quality is highly prevalent among older adults and is associated with poor quality of life, cognitive and physical decline, depression, and increased mortality. Medication options commonly used are not ideal, and alternative treatment strategies are needed. We evaluate a community-based psychosocial intervention program and its effect on sleep quality in older adults. METHOD: Elderly participants aged 60 and above were included. Those with Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Anxiety Inventory scores above 5 and 10, respectively, were excluded...
October 10, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993544/distress-related-to-individual-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression
#17
T Rungpetchwong, S Likhitsathian, S Jaranai, M Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distress related to individual depressive symptoms, the correlation between symptom distress and disability, and the gender difference in distress levels in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out at a university hospital providing tertiary care in northern Thailand. Participants were patients with major depressive disorder aged between 18 and 65 years. Depression severity was self-rated using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992958/positive-childhood-experiences-predict-less-psychopathology-and-stress-in-pregnant-women-with-childhood-adversity-a-pilot-study-of-the-benevolent-childhood-experiences-bces-scale
#18
Angela J Narayan, Luisa M Rivera, Rosemary E Bernstein, William W Harris, Alicia F Lieberman
This pilot study examined the psychometric properties of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a new instrument designed to assess positive early life experiences in adults with histories of childhood maltreatment and other adversities. A counterpart to the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) questionnaire, the BCEs was developed to be multiculturally-sensitive and applicable regardless of socioeconomic position, urban-rural background, or immigration status. Higher levels of BCEs were hypothesized to predict lower levels of psychopathology and stress beyond the effects of ACES in a sample of ethnically diverse, low-income pregnant women...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992892/obstetric-risk-factors-for-depression-during-the-postpartum-period-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-study
#19
HyunChul Youn, Suji Lee, Sung Won Han, Log Young Kim, Tae-Seon Lee, Min-Jeong Oh, Hyun-Ghang Jeong, Geum Joon Cho
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum depression is related to many adverse effects in both mothers and their children; therefore, proper screening and early interventions are needed. This study aims to identify the risk factors of postpartum depression. Our primary focus is on obstetric risk factors. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study which we extracted the data of women who gave birth between January 1st, 2010 and December 31st, 2012 from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service (HIRA) database...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992857/anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors
#20
REVIEW
Jean C Yi, Karen L Syrjala
Most cancer survivors adjust well to life after cancer but some experience persisting negative mood, such as cancer-related fears, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, or depression. Mood fluctuations may not reach criteria for a clinical diagnosis but subclinical symptoms can interfere with quality of life. Women, adolescents, and young adults are particularly at risk for mood disturbances. Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacologic treatments, can effectively treat these distressing emotions...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
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