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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684822/sexual-dysfunction-among-nigerian-women-with-epilepsy
#1
Luqman Ogunjimi, Joseph Yaria, Akintomiwa Makanjuola, Adesola Ogunniyi
OBJECTIVES: Sexual dysfunction (SD) has been shown to be more prevalent among females with epilepsy (FWE) when compared with controls. Identified risk factors for SD among FWE include depression, antiepileptic drug (AED) type, epileptic lateralization, and temporal lobe involvement. Despite a huge population of FWE in sub-Saharan Africa and by extension Nigeria, there are limited studies on the effect of AEDs and epilepsy on sexual function among FWE in the region. We therefore studied predictors and patterns of SD among Nigerian FWE...
April 20, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684795/screening-for-postpartum-anxiety-a-quality-improvement-project-to-promote-the-screening-of-women-suffering-in-silence
#2
Sarah Toler, Susan Stapleton, Kim Kertsburg, Tiffany J Callahan, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety is a mental health problem that has largely been ignored by maternity care providers despite an estimated incidence as high as 28.9%. Though postpartum anxiety may or may not be accompanied by depression, and while screening for postpartum depression has become more common place, postpartum anxiety is often not assessed or addressed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot quality improvement project was to implement a screening, treatment and referral program for postpartum anxiety in the birth centre environment...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684794/changes-in-maternal-self-efficacy-postnatal-depression-symptoms-and-social-support-among-chinese-primiparous-women-during-the-initial-postpartum-period-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Xujuan Zheng, Jane Morrell, Kim Watts
BACKGROUND: There are many parenting problems during infancy for Chinese primiparous women. As an important determinant of good parenting, maternal self-efficacy (MSE) should be paid more attention by researchers. At present, the limitations of previous research examining MSE during infancy are that most studies were conducted with a homogeneous sample and there were few studies with Chinese women. Secondly, the trajectory of change in MSE, postnatal depression symptoms and social support for Chinese primiparous women was not clear during the initial postpartum period in earlier studies...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684648/social-participation-and-health-over-the-adult-life-course-does-the-association-strengthen-with-age
#4
Shannon Ang
RATIONALE: Studies have consistently found positive associations between social participation and health, but it is unclear if they vary across the life course. Younger individuals are likely to initiate and benefit from social participation in different ways from older individuals, which may in turn alter its overall influence on health outcomes. Age-varying associations, if present, may then attenuate or amplify the health consequences stemming from changes in social participation over the adult life course...
April 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684628/inflammatory-markers-and-their-possible-effects-on-cognitive-function-in-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Risa Imai, Hiroaki Hori, Mariko Itoh, Mingming Lin, Madoka Niwa, Keiko Ino, Sei Ogawa, Makiko Ishida, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Mie Matsui, Hiroshi Kunugi, Tatsuo Akechi, Toshiko Kamo, Yoshiharu Kim
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with increased inflammation, albeit with some controversy. Another key feature of PTSD is compromised function in wide-ranging cognitive domains. Increased peripheral inflammation can contribute to cognitive dysfunction, although this relationship has not been studied in patients with PTSD. Here, we examined blood inflammatory markers in adult patients with PTSD compared to healthy controls taking account of potentially confounding effects of childhood maltreatment and comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD), and explored the association between inflammation and cognition...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684472/reserpine-induced-depression-is-associated-in-female-but-not-in-male-adolescent-rats-with-heightened-fluoxetine-sensitive-ethanol-consumption
#6
Paul Ruiz, Aldo Calliari, Ricardo Marcos Pautassi
Depression usually emerges during adolescence, is significantly more frequent in women, and exhibits comorbidity with alcohol (ethanol) use disorders. Most of the pre-clinical studies assessing the link between depression and ethanol intake, however, have employed only males or relied on stress-induced depression, or induced the experimentally-induced, depressive-like phenotype, during adolescence yet measured ethanol intake at adulthood. This study assessed, in Wistar male and female adolescent rats, the effects of inducing experimental depression (via administration of 1...
April 20, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684077/medication-burden-attributable-to-chronic-co-morbid-conditions-in-the-very-old-and-vulnerable
#7
Kelly L Moore, Kanan Patel, W John Boscardin, Michael A Steinman, Christine Ritchie, Janice B Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: Polypharmacy is common in older patients but relationships between polypharmacy and common co-morbid conditions have not been elucidated. Our goal was to determine relationships between daily oral medication use and common co-morbid disease dyads and triads using comprehensive medication and diagnostic data from a national sample of nursing homes (NH). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Nationally representative sample of U...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680420/restless-legs-syndrome-is-associated-with-major-comorbidities-in-a-population-of-danish-blood-donors
#8
Maria Didriksen, Richard P Allen, Brendan J Burchell, Lise W Thørner, Andreas S Rigas, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Maria H Nielsen, Poul J Jennum, Thomas Werge, Christian Erikstrup, Ole B Pedersen, Kaspar Nielsen, Mie T Bruun, Kristoffer S Burgdorf, Erik Sørensen, Henrik Ullum
BACKGROUND: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is characterized by uncomfortable nocturnal sensations in the legs making sedentary activities and sleep difficult, and is thus linked with psychosocial distress. Due to the symptomatology and neurobiology of RLS (disrupting brain iron and dopamine) it is likely that RLS associates with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQL) and depressive disorder. The objective of this study was to investigate the RLS-HRQL and the RLS-depressive disorder links in a generally healthy population that is not biased by medications...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680319/comrade-a-randomized-trial-of-an-individually-tailored-integrated-care-intervention-for-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-with-depression-and-or-distress-in-the-rural-southeastern-us
#9
Lesley D Lutes, Doyle M Cummings, Kerry Littlewood, Chelsey Solar, Marissa Carraway, Kari Kirian, Shivajirao Patil, Alyssa Adams, Stefanie Ciszewski, Bertha Hambidge
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that people living with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are also at greater risk for depression and distress. If left untreated, these comorbid mental health concerns can have long-lasting impacts on medical and physical health outcomes. DESIGN: This prospective trial randomized rural men and women with uncontrolled T2D (HbA1c ≥ 7.0) who screened positive for co-morbid depressive (PHQ-2 > 3) or distress (DDS-2 > 3) symptoms in a primary medical care setting to receive either: 1) 16 sessions of cognitive and/or behavioral intervention tailored to symptom severity across 12 months along with routine medical care, or 2) usual primary care...
April 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679816/poor-mental-health-among-low-income-women-in-the-u-s-the-roles-of-adverse-childhood-and-adult-experiences
#10
Joshua P Mersky, Colleen E Janczewski, Jenna C Nitkowski
RATIONALE: It is well established that exposure to a greater number of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increases the risk of poor physical and mental health outcomes. Given the predictive validity of ACE scores and other cumulative risk metrics, a similar measurement approach may advance the study of risk in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and interrelations of 10 adverse adult experiences, including household events such as intimate partner violence and extrafamilial events such as crime victimization...
April 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679138/sexual-quality-of-life-body-image-distress-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-colorectal-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Jennifer Barsky Reese, Elizabeth Handorf, Jennifer A Haythornthwaite
PURPOSE: The objectives were to assess changes in sexual QOL and body image distress over time and to examine longitudinal associations between sexual QOL and body image variables with psychosocial outcomes in a sample of colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Participants (N = 141) completed a mail-based survey assessing sexual QOL [sexual distress (ISS), treatment impact on sexual function (SFQ), sexual function (FSFI; IIEF)], body image distress (BIS), and psychosocial outcomes [relationship quality (DAS-4), depressive symptoms (CESD-SF), and health-related QOL (HRQOL; FACT-C)]; 88 patients completed 6-month follow-up surveys (62%)...
April 20, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677604/the-association-between-unemployment-and-depression-results-from-the-population-based-life-adult-study
#12
Andrea E Zuelke, Tobias Luck, Matthias L Schroeter, A Veronica Witte, Andreas Hinz, Christoph Engel, Cornelia Enzenbach, Silke Zachariae, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is a risk factor for impaired mental health. Based on a large population-based sample, in this study we therefore sought to provide detailed information on the association between unemployment and depression including information on (i) differences between men and women, (ii) differences between different types of unemployment, and (iii) on the impact of material and social resources on the association. METHODS: We studied 4,842 participants (18-65 years) of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673827/menopause-ageing-and-alcohol-use-disorders-in-women
#14
REVIEW
Jelena Milic, Marija Glisic, Trudy Voortman, Laura Pletsch Borba, Eralda Asllanaj, Lyda Z Rojas, Jenna Troup, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Ed van Beeck, Taulant Muka, Oscar H Franco
Alcohol intake affects the female body differently than it affects the male body. This is caused by females' lower levels of dehydrogenase enzymes, the enzyme that breaks down alcohol, coupled with the higher fat/water ratio of the female body. Both these factors cause alcohol levels to rise more quickly after ingestion in women than in men. This makes females more vulnerable to alcohol's harmful effects, and consequently women tend to develop alcohol-related diseases earlier in life than do men. As women age and go through menopause, they experience changes in body composition and life changes like retirement or loss of a loved one...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673721/-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-the-general-population-of-burkina-faso
#15
A Ouédraogo, J G Ouango, K Karfo, P Goumbri, D Nanéma, B Sawadogo
OBJECTIVES: To determine, with the use of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population of Burkina Faso; To identify the factors associated with the occurrence of these disorders. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical survey of a representative sample of the general population aged 18 years and over (n=2587). The only non-inclusion criterion was absence from the place of residence during the investigation period for whatever reason...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673301/violence-against-women-and-its-consequences-on-women-s-reproductive-health-and-depression-a-jordanian-sample
#16
Jalal K Damra, Sanaa Abujilban
The aims of this study were to investigate the women's current reproductive health (RH) status, depression levels, and to clarify the relationships between the violence against women and depression and the RH components. Three hundred women participated in the study. Data were collected from the Women Health Center (WHC) in Prince Faisal hospital in Rusaifa, Jordan. The findings revealed that around 25.9%, 13.1%, 83.2%, and 65.1% of the participant women had been exposed to physical, sexual, control, and psychological violence, respectively...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672210/prognostic-utility-of-stress-testing-and-cardiac-biomarkers-in-menopausal-women-at-low-to-intermediate-risk-for-coronary-artery-disease-smart-study-5-year-outcome
#17
Sahar S Abdelmoneim, Caroline A Ball, Francesca Mantovani, Mary E Hagen, Susan Eifert-Rain, Susan Wilansky, Ramon Castello, Patricia A Pellikka, Patricia J M Best, Sharon L Mulvagh
BACKGROUND: In women with low to intermediate risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), prognostic detection strategies have been controversial. We present the follow-up data of the SMART trial in peri/postmenopausal women at low to intermediate risk of CAD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of contrast stress echocardiography (CSE), stress electrocardiogram (sECG), and serum biomarkers for prediction of cardiovascular events (CE) in peri/postmenopausal women at low to intermediate risk of CAD...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672141/health-care-utilization-and-expenditures-of-homeless-family-members-before-and-after-emergency-housing
#18
Robin E Clark, Linda Weinreb, Julie M Flahive, Robert W Seifert
OBJECTIVES: To describe longitudinal health service utilization and expenditures for homeless family members before and after entering an emergency shelter. METHODS: We linked Massachusetts emergency housing assistance data with Medicaid claims between July 2008 and June 2015, constructing episodes of health care 12 months before and 12 months after families entered a shelter. We modeled emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and expenditures over the 24-month period separately for children and adults...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671681/sexual-dysfunctions-are-predicted-by-childhood-sexual-abuse-in-women-with-opioid-use-disorder
#19
Ruken Ağaçhanlı, İzgi Alnıak, Cuneyt Evren
BACKGROUND: Studies on sexual functioning of populations with substance use disorders (SUDs) are mostly conducted with male substance users. We have very limited information about the sexuality and related factors in women with opioid use disorder (OUD). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between childhood traumatic experiences (CTEs) and sexual dysfunctions (SDs) of women with OUD and to compare it with a sample of women who do not have SUD. METHODS: Participants included 51 outpatient women with OUD who were on opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) with Buprenorphine/Naloxone and 48 women without SUD...
April 19, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671353/health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-women-starting-hormonal-contraception-a-pilot-study
#20
Jóna Kristjánsdóttir, Claes Sundelin, Tord Naessen
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to study whether there is a difference in self-rated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and changes in HRQOL perception after 3 months of hormonal contraceptive use in adolescents. Seasonal variations in symptoms of depression were also studied. METHODS: A test group (T1) (n = 193) and a selected control group (n = 238) of women aged 14-20 years who were visiting a young person's clinic completed the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) and answered additional questions on menstrual history and pattern, need for menstrual pain relief medication, and other regular medication...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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