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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445888/differential-effects-of-inflammatory-and-psychosocial-stress-on-mood-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-and-inflammation-in-remitted-depression
#1
Peter Niemegeers, Peter De Boer, Glenn J H Dumont, Filip Van Den Eede, Erik Fransen, Stephan J Claes, Manuel Morrens, Bernard G C Sabbe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly recurrent. This may be due to increased stress sensitivity after remission. Both inflammatory and psychosocial stressors are implicated in the pathogenesis of MDD, but the additive or differential effect is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind placebo-controlled study to investigate the effects of inflammatory stress (i.e., typhoid vaccination), psychosocial stress (i.e., Trier Social Stress Test [TSST]), or a combination of both in women (25-45 years old) with (partially) remitted recurrent MDD (n = 21) and healthy female controls (n = 18)...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445539/restless-legs-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-diseases-a-case-control-study
#2
Marion Cholley-Roulleau, Sofiene Chenini, Séverine Béziat, Lily Guiraud, Isabelle Jaussent, Yves Dauvilliers
OBJECTIVE: The association between restless legs syndrome (RLS), cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and hypertension is inconsistent. This case-control study examined i) the association between primary RLS, CVD and hypertension by taking into account many potential confounders and ii) the influence of RLS duration, severity and treatment, sleep and depressive symptoms on CVD and hypertension in primary RLS. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire to assess the RLS phenotype, history of CVD and hypertension, sleep and depressive symptoms, drug intake and demographic/clinical features was sent to the France-Ekbom Patients Association members...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444092/patients-with-endometriosis-using-positive-coping-strategies-have-less-depression-stress-and-pelvic-pain
#3
Lilian Donatti, Denise Gimenez Ramos, Marina de Paula Andres, Leigh Jonathan Passman, Sérgio Podgaec
Objective: To determine the correlations between coping strategies, depression, stress levels and pain perception in patients with endometriosis. Methods: This prospective and exploratory study included 171 women undergoing treatment for endometriosis between April and August 2014. The questionnaires used were Brief COPE, Beck Depression Inventory, Lipp's Stress Symptom Inventory for Adults and Visual Analogue Scale. Clinical data were collected from electronic medical records...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443997/-maternal-mental-health-a-risk-factor-affecting-the-social-and-emotional-well-being-of-mexican-children
#4
César Villaseñor, Jaqueline Calderón Hernández, Efraín Gaytán, Silvia Romero, Fernando Díaz-Barriga
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in mothers from three population areas in the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, and to analyze the association between these symptoms and the emotional health of their children. Methods: Assessment was conducted on 173 mother-child pairs from three different population areas: urban, rural, and indigenous rural. Women's symptoms of depression and anxiety were evaluated, together with their children's behavioral problems...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443957/major-depression-and-acute-coronary-syndrome-related-factors
#5
Jose Henrique Cunha Figueiredo, Nelson Albuquerque de Souza E Silva, Basilio de Bragança Pereira, Glaucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is one of the most common mental illnesses in psychiatry, being considered a risk factor for Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of MDD in ACS patients, as well as to analyze associated factors through the interdependence of sociodemographic, lifestyle and clinical variables. METHODS: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, case-series study conducted on patients hospitalized consecutively at the coronary units of three public hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro over a 24-month period...
March 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443697/the-cytokine-hormone-axis-the-link-between-premenstrual-syndrome-and-postpartum-depression
#6
Rebecca Stoner, Victoria Camilleri, Jean Calleja-Agius, Pierre Schembri-Wismayer
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and related disorders, and postpartum depression (PPD) can affect women to the extent that their quality of life and that of their near ones can be severely impaired. This review focuses on the different theories regarding the etiologies of PMS and PPD, and attempts to draw a link between the two. Theories focus mainly on hormonal and cytokine factors throughout different phases in the female reproductive cycle. Changes in this symptomatology during pregnancy are also reviewed, as are changes in hormones and cytokine levels...
April 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441983/association-between-depression-and-asthma-in-korean-adults
#7
Seoheui Choi, Sung Hoon Kim, Ju Suk Lee
PURPOSE: Asthma is a one of the most common allergic diseases, and depression is an important comorbidity with asthma. However, little is known about the prevalence of depression in Korean adults with asthma. This study was performed to find the association between asthma and depression in Korean adults and to investigate the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in Korean adults with asthma and with depression. METHODS: Data were acquired from 47,351 men and women, ages >19 years, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2007 to 2014...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441974/evaluating-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-group-psychological-intervention-using-cognitive-behavioural-strategies-for-women-with-common-mental-disorders-in-conflict-affected-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Anna Chiumento, Syed Usman Hamdani, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Katie Dawson, Richard A Bryant, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Parveen Akhtar, Aqsa Masood, Duolao Wang, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The impact of humanitarian disasters upon mental health is well recognised. The evidence for psychological interventions for mental health is mounting, but few interventions have been rigorously tested in humanitarian settings. To be sustainable in humanitarian settings interventions need to be short, simple, deliverable by nonspecialists under supervision, and adopt a transdiagnostic approach where an array of mental health outcomes are addressed simultaneously. These elements have been incorporated into the newly developed WHO Problem Management Plus (PM+) Group intervention...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#9
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439762/sex-differences-in-obesity-and-mental-health
#10
REVIEW
Jena Shaw Tronieri, Courtney McCuen Wurst, Rebecca L Pearl, Kelly C Allison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships between obesity and a wide range of mental health issues and to identify where sex differences exist and may vary across disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Research on sex differences in the relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders is more abundant in some areas, such as depression and eating disorders, than others, such as anxiety, trauma, and substance use. However, for most of the disorders, their relationships with obesity and sex are complex and are usually moderated by additional variables...
June 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438030/non-specialist-psychosocial-support-interventions-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#11
Laura K Beres, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Jennifer Robinson, Alice Welbourn, Caitlin E Kennedy
Many women living with HIV experience a range of physical, social, and psychological challenges linked to their HIV status. Psychosocial support interventions may help women cope with these challenges and may allow women to make better decisions around their sexual and reproductive health (SRH), yet no reviews have summarized the evidence for the impact of such interventions on well-being and SRH decision-making among women living with HIV. We systematically reviewed the evidence for non-specialist delivered psychosocial support interventions for women living with HIV, which are particularly relevant in low-resource settings...
April 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435933/the-c677t-variant-in-mthfr-modulates-associations-between-brain-integrity-mood-and-cognitive-functioning-in-old-age
#12
Florence F Roussotte, Xue Hua, Katherine L Narr, Gary W Small, Paul M Thompson
INTRODUCTION: The C677T functional variant in the methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene leads to reduced enzymatic activity and elevated blood levels of homocysteine. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been linked with higher rates of cardiovascular diseases, cognitive decline, and late-life depression. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Here, 3D magnetic resonance imaging data was analyzed from 738 individuals (age: 75.5 ± 6.8 years; 438 men/300 women) including 173 Alzheimer's patients, 359 subjects with mild cognitive impairment, and 206 healthy older adults, scanned as part of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI)...
April 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434585/translating-dynamic-defense-patterns-from-rodents-to-people
#13
REVIEW
D Caroline Blanchard
Specific defensive behaviors of rodents are shaped by features of the eliciting threat stimuli and situation. Threat scenarios confirmed these relationships in people, with results substantially replicated in 4 additional scenario studies. Subsequent human studies involve computer games measuring fear as flight from threat stimuli and anxiety as alternation between two threats. Stabilometric studies have shown reduction in sway (freezing) to inescapable (e.g. with gun pointed at subject) threatening photographs; but enhanced lateral sway (flight attempts) to escapable threats; (gun pointed away from subject)...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434473/the-effect-of-applying-pressure-to-the-liv3-and-li4-on-the-symptoms-of-premenstrual-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Fatemeh Bazarganipour, Seyed-Abdolvahab Taghavi, Helen Allan, Fatemeh Beheshti, Asma Khalili, Fahimeh Miri, Marziyeh Rezaei, Mahbobeh Mojgori, Fatemeh Imaninasab, Fahimeh Irani, Shohreh Salari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of simple acupressure protocol in LIV3, LI4 and placebo points on the quality of life (QOL) in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). METHOD: This paper reports a randomized, single blinded clinical trial. 97 participants (students in of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran) with PMS were allocated to three groups to receive 20min acupressure on different acupoints for 14days before menstruation for three consecutive menstrual cycles (training and then two cycles self applied acupressure)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433462/-health-and-access-to-health-care-of-18-25%C3%A2-years-old-people-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neets-attending-the-french-missions-locales
#15
S Robert, S Lesieur, J Chastang, V Kergoat, J Dutertre, P Chauvin
BACKGROUND: In France, "missions locales" are public assistance units for young people aged 16-25 years not in employment, education or training (NEET). The health status of the more than 1.5 million young adults attending these units annually is unknown. The purpose of this study was to describe the health status and health care use of this population in comparison with the general population of the same age. METHODS: The Presaje survey was conducted in 2011 on a randomized sample of 1453 young adults aged 18-25 years who attended five "missions locales" in mainland France...
April 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433366/a-first-choice-combined-oral-contraceptive-influences-general-well-being-in-healthy-women-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Niklas Zethraeus, Anna Dreber, Eva Ranehill, Liselott Blomberg, Fernand Labrie, Bo von Schoultz, Magnus Johannesson, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a causal effect of oral contraceptive (OC) treatment on general well-being and depressed mood in healthy women. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Three hundred and forty healthy women aged 18-35 years randomized to treatment, of whom 332 completed the data collection at follow-up evaluation. INTERVENTION(S): A combined OC (150 μg levonorgestrel and 30 μg ethinylestradiol) or placebo for 3 months of treatment...
April 19, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431526/recognition-of-depression-by-primary-care-clinicians-in-rural-ethiopia
#17
Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Medhin Selamu, Tedla W Giorgis, Crick Lund, Atalay Alem, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Depression is a common health condition affecting up to a third of patients attending primary care, where most of the care for people with depression is provided. Adequate recognition of depression is the critical step in the path to effective care, particularly in low income countries. As part of the Programme for Improving Mental healthcare (PRIME), a project supporting the implementation of integrated mental healthcare in primary care, we evaluated the level of recognition of depression by clinicians working in primary care in rural Ethiopia prior to in service training...
April 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431101/mediating-effect-of-social-participation-on-the-relationship-between-incontinence-and-depressive-symptoms-in-older-chinese-women
#18
Daniel W L Lai, Xue Bai, Aimei Guo
Urinary and fecal incontinence affect older women's social participation and mental health. This study examined the relationship between incontinence severity and depressive symptoms, focusing on the mediating effect of social participation, based on secondary analysis of structured interview data collected in December 2010 from 467 women age 60 and over in mainland China. Incontinence was significantly and positively associated with depressive symptoms but negatively associated with social participation. Social participation was significantly and negatively associated with depressive symptoms and fully mediated the relationship between incontinence and depressive symptoms...
May 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#19
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430844/effects-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-depressive-symptoms-on-all-cause-mortality-among-hiv-infected-women
#20
Jonathan V Todd, Stephen R Cole, Brian W Pence, Catherine R Lesko, Peter Bacchetti, Mardge H Cohen, Daniel J Feaster, Stephen Gange, Michael E Griswold, Wendy Mack, Anna Rubtsova, Cuiwei Wang, Jeremy Weedon, Kathryn Anastos, Adaora A Adimora
Depression affects up to 30% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. We estimated joint effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and depressive symptoms on time to death using a joint marginal structural model and data from a cohort of HIV-infected women from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (conducted in the United States) from 1998-2011. Among 848 women contributing 6,721 years of follow-up, 194 participants died during follow-up, resulting in a crude mortality rate of 2.9 per 100 women-years...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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