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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235396/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-serum-level-in-women-with-first-episode-depression-correlation-with-clinical-and-metabolic-parameters
#1
Maria Skibinska, Pawel Kapelski, Aleksandra Rajewska-Rager, Joanna Pawlak, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Beata Narozna, Joanna Twarowska-Hauser, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) influences neuron differentiation during development, as well as the synaptic plasticity and neuron survival in adulthood. BDNF has been implicated in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders and its serum level is a potential biomarker for depression. The aim of this study was to examine serum levels of BDNF in first-episode depression and its correlation with clinical and metabolic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on a group of 60 women: 30 diagnosed with a first-episode of depression and 30 healthy controls...
December 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235230/multidimensional-factors-associated-with-the-loss-of-independence-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#2
Mai Kabayama, Hiroshi Mikami, Kei Kamide
AIM: To clarify the factors associated with loss of independence multidimensionally over a 3-year period among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The survey was exclusively carried out by the local government for people aged >65 years who were independent at baseline living in H-City, a mid-sized urban city in Japan. The participants completed a self-administered postal questionnaire, and we obtained data regarding their loss of independence from administrative records 3 years later...
December 13, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232566/association-of-total-zinc-iron-copper-and-selenium-intakes-with-depression-in-the-us-adults
#3
Zongyao Li, Weijing Wang, Xueling Xin, Xingxing Song, Dongfeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes from diet and supplements with depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014 in the present study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline models were applied to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes with depression...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230385/urinary-microbiome-and-psychological-factors-in-women-with-overactive-bladder
#4
Peng Wu, Yang Chen, Jie Zhao, Guihao Zhang, Jiawei Chen, Junpeng Wang, Huijian Zhang
Objectives: Emerging evidence indicates that alterations to the urinary microbiome are related to lower urinary tract symptoms. Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common disorder with complex etiologies and usually accompanied by psychological diseases. More information concerning the urinary microbiome and psychological factors in OAB is required. The aim of this study was to characterize the female urinary microbiome associated with OAB and investigate the relationships between urinary microbiome and psychological factors...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229361/a-literature-review-on-maternal-fetal-and-reproductive-disorders-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection
#5
REVIEW
Shirzad Fallahi, Ali Rostami, Malihe Nourollahpour Shiadeh, Hamed Behniafar, Shahrokh Paktinat
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii infection is one of the most prevalent infectious disease with worldwide distribution. Congenital toxoplasmosis is annually responsible for 1.20 million disability-adjusted life years around the world, but often it is overlooked many countries. METHODS: We performed an updated review to summarize the current researches on fetal, neonatal and maternal consequences of T. gondii infection and also adverse effects of toxoplasmosis on women reproductive organs...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228373/medical-treatment-or-surgery-for-colorectal-endometriosis-results-of-a-shared-decision-making-approach
#6
Paolo Vercellini, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Riccardo Rosati, Dhouha Dridi, Anna Roberto, Paola Mosconi, Olga De Giorgi, Fulvia Milena Cribiù, Edgardo Somigliana
STUDY QUESTION: What is the degree of patient satisfaction in women with symptomatic colorectal endometriosis who choose medical or surgical treatment after a shared decision-making (SDM) process? SUMMARY ANSWER: The degree of satisfaction with treatment was high both in women who chose medical treatment with a low-dose oral contraceptive (OCP) or a progestin, and in those who chose to undergo surgical resection of bowel endometriosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hormonal therapies and surgery for colorectal endometriosis have been investigated in non-comparative studies with inconsistent results...
December 8, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227962/the-impact-of-an-add-on-video-assisted-structured-aerobic-exercise-module-on-mood-and-somatic-symptoms-among-women-with-depressive-disorders-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#7
Amrita Roy, Radhakrishnan Govindan, Kesavan Muralidharan
BACKGROUND: The evidence in favor of exercise as a treatment for depression is compelling, but what kind of exercise, how much, how often, and at what intensity is necessary to make a significant difference. There is serious dearth of such data from India, in particular. We examined the impact of low-moderate intensity aerobic exercises on mood and somatic symptoms among women with depressive disorders. METHODS: A pre test- post test control group design was adopted with a sample size of 40 (20 subjects randomized to both experimental and control group) women inpatients diagnosed with depressive disorder at a tertiary care centre, Bengaluru, India...
December 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227959/cyberbullying-among-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-some-preliminary-data
#8
Cristina Jenaro, Noelia Flores, Vanessa Vega, Maribel Cruz, Ma Carmen Pérez, Víctor A Torres
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that youth with disabilities are at risk of experiencing cyberbullying. Nevertheless, the nature of this phenomenon among adults with intellectual disabilities has not been investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze the frequency and characteristics of cyberbullying and its correlates in individuals with intellectual disabilities attending training centers for adults with intellectual disabilities. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A convenience sample of 269 participants (54...
December 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227955/developing-and-validating-a-perinatal-depression-screening-tool-in-kenya-blending-western-criteria-with-local-idioms-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Eric P Green, Hawa Tuli, Edith Kwobah, D Menya, Irene Chesire, Christina Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Routine screening for perinatal depression is not common in most primary health care settings. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force only recently updated their recommendation on depression screening to specifically recommend screening during the pre- and postpartum periods. While practitioners in high-income countries can respond to this new recommendation by implementing one of several existing depression screening tools developed in Western contexts, such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), these tools lack strong evidence of cross-cultural equivalence, validity for case finding, and precision in measuring response to treatment in developing countries...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226316/interpersonal-predictors-of-stress-generation-is%C3%A2-there-a-super-factor
#10
Josephine H Shih, Matthew G Barstead, Nicole Dianno
Hammen's (1991, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 555-561) seminal paper on stress generation highlighted the reciprocal relationship between stress and depression. Not only does stress predict depression, but women with a diagnosis of depression also experienced subsequent increased levels of stress. In the ensuing years, depression researchers have moved beyond clinical predictors and examined whether depression vulnerability factors also contribute to stress generation. This interest has led to a growing focus on interpersonal vulnerability factors that contribute to stress generation...
December 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225216/depressive-symptoms-and-risk-of-absence-among-workers-in-a-manufacturing-company-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#11
Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Yong Seok Heo, Hwan Cheol Kim
Depression is a leading cause of reduced work ability and absence due to sickness. The objective of this study was to investigate how depressive symptoms are prospectively associated with subsequent absence, whether caused by illness or accidents, among manufacturing workers. This prospective study was conducted on 2,349 male and female employees that underwent a regular health examination at a university hospital. Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale...
December 8, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223188/disordered-eating-in-sami-and-non-sami-norwegian-populations-the-saminor-2-clinical-survey
#12
Kirsti Kvaløy, Marita Melhus, Anne Silviken, Magritt Brustad, Tore Sørlie, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate disordered eating (DE) among Sami compared with non-Sami residing in northern Norway. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, stratified by sex and ethnicity, associations were tested between DE (Eating Disturbance Scale; EDS-5) and age, education level, BMI category, anxiety and depression, physical activity and consumption of snacks. SETTING: The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey (2012-2014) based on the population of ten municipalities in northern Norway...
December 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221848/menopausal-related-symptoms-in-women-one-year-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#14
Melissa Mazor, Kathryn Lee, Anand Dhruva, Janine K Cataldo, Steven M Paul, Michelle Melisko, Betty J Smoot, Jon D Levine, Charles Elboim, Yvette P Conley, Christine Miaskowksi
CONTEXT: Approximately 60% to 100% of women with breast cancer experience at least one menopausal-related symptom. Little is known about associations between menopausal status and symptoms in women 12 months after breast cancer surgery. OBJECTIVE: Purpose of this study was to evaluate for differences in occurrence, severity, and distress of symptoms between pre- and post-menopausal women 12 months after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Women with breast cancer (n=327) completed the Menopausal Symptoms Scale, that evaluated the occurrence, severity, and distress of 46 common menopausal-related symptoms...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220534/effects-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-fibromyalgia-symptoms-serotonin-and-substance-p-levels-a-randomized-sham-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Saliha Karatay, Sibel Caglar Okur, Hulya Uzkeser, Kadir Yildirim, Fatih Akcay
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture treatment on serum levels of serotonin and substance P (SP) as well as on clinical parameters in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Methods: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy-five women with FM were randomized into one of three kinds of acupuncture treatment: real acupuncture group (AcG), sham acupuncture group (ShG), and simulated acupuncture group (SiG). Treatments were applied semiweekly for four weeks...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219031/the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-a-qualitative-study
#16
Sabrine Elkhodr, Maya Saba, Claire O'Reilly, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: While pharmacists are among the most accessible primary health professionals within a mother's healthcare team to identify potential cases of perinatal depression (PND), very little in the literature suggests that this role has been explored. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on their potential roles in perinatal mental health promotion (recognition and health education) and the factors affecting these roles...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217502/the-impact-of-a-mobile-diabetes-health-intervention-on-diabetes-distress-and-depression-among-adults-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Charlene C Quinn, Krystal K Swasey, J Christopher F Crabbe, Michelle D Shardell, Michael L Terrin, Erik A Barr, Ann L Gruber-Baldini
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex, demanding disease that requires the constant attention of patients. The burden of self-management, including different medication regimens, routine self-care activities, and provider visits, has an impact on patients' emotional well-being. Diabetes distress and depression are two important components of emotional well-being that may negatively affect diabetes outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the impact of the 1-year Mobile Diabetes Intervention Study cluster randomized clinical trial on emotional well-being measured by diabetes distress and depression among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216870/prevalence-and-severity-of-menopause-symptoms-among-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-aged-30-49%C3%A2-years-in-gulele-sub-city-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#18
Engida Yisma, Natnael Eshetu, Stephanie Ly, Berhanu Dessalegn
BACKGROUND: Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring as women approach middle-age. It is characterized by declining of ovarian function and onset of the last menstrual period and subsequent 12-month cessation of menstruation. Due to a growing aging population and longer life expectancies, sub-Saharan African women will spend a significant portion of their lives in postmenopause. Menopausal symptom research has been primarily conducted on Caucasian women from high-income countries. Understanding menopause symptom prevalence and perceptions among diverse women in Ethiopia will better inform reproductive health care...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215841/-histamine-metabolism-disorder-in-pathogenesis-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-in-patients-with-external-genital-endometriosis
#19
M R Orazov, V Y Radzinskiy, M B Khamoshina, E N Nosenko, E S Tokaeva, L K Barsegyan, Y R Zakirova
Objective. To study features of histamine metabolism in patients with chronic pelvic pain associated with external genital endometriosis. Methods. For quantitative assessment of histamine level in peripheral blood was taken from 100 patients which than was centrifuged. In blood serum histamine concentration was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method with reagents «Histamine ЕLISA» on the machine BAE-1000 Histamine (Labor Diagnostika Nord - LDN, Hermany). A pain syndrome was assessed by Visual Analog Scale (VAS), quality of life assessment - by Endometriosis Health Profile Questionnaire (EHR-30), level of anxiety was determined by Spielberger-Khanin questionnaire...
April 2017: Patologicheskaia Fiziologiia i èksperimental'naia Terapiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215162/delineating-the-association-between-mode-of-delivery-and-postpartum-depression-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Patricia Eckerdal, Marios K Georgakis, Natasa Kollia, Anna-Karin Wikström, Ulf Högberg, Alkistis Skalkidou
INTRODUCTION: Although a number of perinatal factors have been implied in the etiology of postpartum depression (PPD), the role of mode of delivery remains controversial. Our aim was to explore the association between mode of delivery and PPD, considering the potentially mediating or confounding role of several covariates MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a longitudinal-cohort study in Uppsala, Sweden, with 3888 unique pregnancies followed-up postpartum, the effect of mode of delivery (spontaneous vaginal delivery, vacuum extraction, elective cesarean section, emergency cesarean section) on self-reported PPD symptoms (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale ≥12) at six weeks postpartum was investigated through logistic regression models and path analysis RESULTS: The overall prevalence of PPD was 13%...
December 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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