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Female genital mutilation / cutting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329573/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-italy-an%C3%A2-enhanced-estimation-for-first-generation-migrant-women-based-on-2016-survey-data
#1
Livia Elisa Ortensi, Patrizia Farina, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: Migration flows of women from Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting practicing countries have generated a need for data on women potentially affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. This paper presents enhanced estimates for foreign-born women and asylum seekers in Italy in 2016, with the aim of supporting resource planning and policy making, and advancing the methodological debate on estimation methods. METHODS: The estimates build on the most recent methodological development in Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting direct and indirect estimation for Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting non-practicing countries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291078/the-timing-of-female-genital-mutilation-and-the-role-of-contralateral-palpal-insertions-in-the-spider-cyclosa-argenteoalba
#2
Kensuke Nakata
Some male spiders exhibit female genital mutilation behaviour (FGM) by removing the female genital appendage (scape) to control the mating frequency of females. Female spiders have two, i.e. right and left, genital openings connected with separate spermathecae into which males transfer sperm successively using one pedipalp (secondary genitalia) at a time. Thus, males must complete at least two palpal insertions to fill both spermathecae, before FGM. The present study examined whether (i) scape removal is only associated with the second palpal insertion (one-action hypothesis) or (ii) two contralateral palpal insertions facilitate FGM, with each insertion cutting the basal part of the scape halfway (two-actions hypothesis)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248085/recommendations-on-arresting-global-health-challenges-facing-adolescents-and-young-adults
#3
Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The health challenges faced by young people are more complex than adults and can compromise their full growth and development. Attention must be paid to the health of this age group, yet adolescents and youth remain largely invisible and often disappear from the major global datasets. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss the global health challenges faced by adolescents and youth, global legislations and guidelines pertaining to this particular age group, recommendations to arrest these challenges, and research priorities...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197397/the-heat-goes-away-sexual-disorders-of-married-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-kenya
#4
Tammary Esho, Samuel Kimani, Isaac Nyamongo, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Christine Kigondu, Patrick Ndavi, Jaldesa Guyo
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has been implicated in sexual complications among women, although there is paucity of research evidence on sexual experiences among married women who have undergone this cultural practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the sexual experiences among married women in Mauche Ward, Nakuru County. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data collection methods were used. Quantitative data were obtained from 318 married women selected through multistage sampling...
December 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191224/i-knew-how-it-feels-but-couldn-t-save-my-daughter-testimony-of-an-ethiopian-mother-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#5
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is common in Ethiopia, especially among Somali (99%) ethnic groups. Even though FGM/C is labeled illegal practice according to the revised 2005 Penal Code of the country, the practice is still responsible for misery of many girls in Ethiopia...
December 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151816/counselling-professionals-awareness-and-understanding-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-training-needs-for-working-therapeutically-with-survivors
#6
Charlie Jackson
Background: There is a dearth of literature that has looked at the psychological impact of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and little is known about the understanding and awareness of FGM/C amongst counselling professionals. Method: An online survey was completed by 2073 BACP members. The survey covered four broad themes: demographics; awareness and understanding of FGM/C; experience of working therapeutically with survivors; and FGM/C training. Descriptive and inferential analyses were undertaken on quantitative data, and thematic content analysis was undertaken on qualitative data...
December 2017: Counselling and Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025234/clitoral-surgery-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#7
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Omar Abdulcadir, Martin Caillet, Lucrezia Catania, Béatrice Cuzin, Birgitta Essén, Pierre Foldès, Sara Johnsdotter, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu, Nawal Nour, Charlemagne Ouedraogo, Nicole Warren, Sophie Wylomanski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950894/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-sharing-data-and-experiences-to-accelerate-eradication-and-improve-care
#8
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sophie Alexander, Elise Dubuc, Christina Pallitto, Patrick Petignat, Lale Say
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941786/preventing-gender-based-violence-victimization-in-adolescent-girls-in-lower-income-countries-systematic-review-of-reviews
#9
REVIEW
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause, Stephanie S Miedema
This systematic review of reviews synthesizes evidence on the impact of interventions to prevent violence against adolescent girls and young women 10-24 years (VAWG) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Theories of women's empowerment and the social ecology of multifaceted violence frame the review. Child abuse, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC), child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and sexual violence were focal outcomes. Our review followed the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for the systematic review of reviews, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for a systematic review of recent intervention studies...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874123/impact-of-multi-professional-scenario-based-training-on-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-tanzania-a-quasi-experimental-pre-vs-post-intervention-study
#10
Signe Egenberg, Gileard Masenga, Lars Edvin Bru, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Cecilia Mushi, Deodatus Massay, Pål Øian
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a relatively high maternal mortality ratio of 410 per 100,000 live births. Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal deaths, but in most cases, it is preventable. However, most pregnant women that develop PPH, have no known risk factors. Therefore, preventive measures must be offered to all pregnant women. This study investigated the effects of multi-professional, scenario-based training on the prevention and management of PPH at a Tanzanian zonal consultant hospital...
September 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854947/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-types-i-and-ii-on-sexual-function-case-controlled-study
#11
Sahar A Ismail, Ahmad M Abbas, Dina Habib, Hanan Morsy, Medhat A Saleh, Mustafa Bahloul
BACKGROUND: The existing literature is contradictory regarding effects of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) on sexual functions. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of type I and II FGM/C on sexual function of Egyptian women. METHODS: We recruited 197 cut women and 197 control women from those visiting Assiut University hospitals for different reasons. We asked each woman to fill the Arabic female sexual function index (FSFI) (a self reported 19-item questionnaire assessing the main domains of female sexual function)...
August 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835986/-complex-vulvar-reconstruction-following-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#12
REVIEW
D M O'Dey
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a worldwide problem affecting millions of women and is especially common in Africa and Arabia. Women suffer from serious physical and psychological problems. Anatomic reconstruction, therefore, is an important and life-changing option for many affected women. OBJECTIVES: This work gives a short overview of specialized techniques invented by the author for functional and aesthetic vulvar reconstruction following FGM/C...
October 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780217/female-genital-cutting-mutilation-a-challenge-for-patients-and-clinicians
#13
Sophia Koukoui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755440/the-effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-women-with-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
R C Berg, S Taraldsen, M A Said, I K Sørbye, S Vangen
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) changes normal genital functionality and can cause complications. There is an increasing demand for treatment of FGM/C-related complications. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of empirical quantitative research on the outcomes of interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search specialist searched 16 electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Selection was performed independently by two researchers...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675330/prevalence-and-attitudes-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-egypt-since-criminalisation-in-2008
#15
Duna Alkhalaileh, Sarah R Hayford, Alison H Norris, Maria F Gallo
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), which can result in severe pain, haemorrhage and poor birth outcomes, remains a major public health issue. The extent to which prevalence of and attitudes toward the practice have changed in Egypt since its criminalisation in 2008 is unknown. We analysed data from the 2005, 2008 and 2014 Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys to assess trends related to FGM/C. Specifically, we determined whether FGM/C prevalence among ever-married, 15-19-year-old women had changed from 2005 to 2014...
July 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666656/reasons-for-and-experiences-with-surgical-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Rigmor C Berg, Sølvi Taraldsen, Maryan A Said, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Because female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) leads to changes in normal genital anatomy and functionality, women are increasingly seeking surgical interventions for their FGM/C-related concerns. AIM: To conduct a systematic review of empirical quantitative and qualitative research on interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. METHODS: We conducted systematic searches up to May 2016 in 16 databases to obtain references from different disciplines...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641056/the-odd-couple-using-biomedical-and-intersectional-approaches-to-address-health-inequities
#17
Olena Hankivsky, Lesley Doyal, Gillian Einstein, Ursula Kelly, Janet Shim, Lynn Weber, Robin Repta
BACKGROUND: Better understanding and addressing health inequities is a growing global priority. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we contribute to the literature examining complex relationships between biological and social dimensions in the field of health inequalities. Specifically, we explore the potential of intersectionality to advance current approaches to socio-biological entwinements. DESIGN: We provide a brief overview of current approaches to combining both biological and social factors in a single study, and then investigate the contributions of an intersectional framework to such work...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587473/eliminating-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-iraqi-kurdistan-a-challenge
#18
Dilshad Jaff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540220/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-africa
#19
REVIEW
Akin-Tunde A Odukogbe, Bosede B Afolabi, Oluwasomidoyin O Bello, Ayodeji S Adeyanju
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional practice in which the external female genitalia is partially or totally incised or excised for a non-therapeutic reason, usually without the consent of the individual. FGM/C is common in Africa with varying prevalence in different countries, though the incidence is reducing because it is considered a human rights issue with tremendous advocacy for its elimination by mainly nongovernmental organizations. It is mainly underreported in many countries in Africa especially where it has been declared illegal...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#20
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
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