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Female genital mutilation / cutting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755298/addressing-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-in-the-era-of-clitoral-reconstruction-plastic-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Hannes Sigurjonsson, Malin Jordal
Purpose of the Review: The aim of this review is to give an overview of the recent evidence on clitoral reconstruction and other relevant reconstructive plastic surgery measures after female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). Recent Findings: Recent publications present refinements and modifications of the surgical technique of clitoral reconstruction along with reconstruction of the labia majora and clitoral hood. Novel approaches with reposition of the clitoral nerve, anchoring of the labia majora, fat grafting, and full thickness mucosa grafts have been introduced...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736171/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-innovative-training-approach-for-nurse-midwives-in-high-prevalent-settings
#2
Samuel Kimani, Tammary Esho, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Jane Kamau, Christine Kigondu, Joseph Karanja, Jaldesa Guyo
Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has no medical benefits and is associated with serious health complications. FGM/C including medicalization is illegal in Kenya. Capacity building for nurse-midwives to manage and prevent FGM/C is therefore critical. Objective: Determine the current FGM/C knowledge and effect of training among nurse-midwives using an electronic tool derived from a paper-based quiz on FGM/C among nurse-midwives. Methods: Nurse-midwives ( n =26) were assessed pre- and post-FGM/C training using a quiz comprising 12 questions...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669570/health-care-seeking-patterns-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-among-young-somalis-in-norway
#3
Vivian N Mbanya, Abdi A Gele, Esperanza Diaz, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway remains to be understood. This study aims to explore the health care-seeking patterns for FGM/C-related health care problems, among young Somalis in Norway. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 325 young Somalis in Oslo was conducted in 2014 using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) technique...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650025/effectiveness-of-health-education-as-an-intervention-designed-to-prevent-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive changes to the problem. Health education interventions have been successful in preventing various health conditions and promoting service use. They have also been regarded as promising interventions for preventing FGM/C. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise findings of studies about effectiveness of health education as an intervention to prevent FGM/C...
April 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615033/health-sector-involvement-in-the-management-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-30-countries
#5
R Elise B Johansen, Mai Mahgoub Ziyada, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Adriana Marcusàn Kaplan, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: For the last decades, the international community has emphasised the importance of a multisectoral approach to tackle female genital mutilation (FGM/C). While considerable improvement concerning legislations and community involvement is reported, little is known about the involvement of the health sector. METHOD: A mixed methods approach was employed to map the involvement of the health sector in the management of FGM/C both in countries where FGM/C is a traditional practice (countries of origin), and countries where FGM/C is practiced mainly by migrant populations (countries of migration)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569363/a-meta-synthesis-of-the-birth-experiences-of-african-immigrant-women-affected-by-female-genital-cutting
#6
REVIEW
Asma Hamid, Karen Trister Grace, Nicole Warren
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this qualitative meta-synthesis was to understand the labor and birth experiences of immigrant women in countries of resettlement who have a history of female genital cutting (FGC), also known as female genital mutilation or female circumcision. METHODS: We used a meta-ethnography approach to synthesize the literature on this topic. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts databases from inception to May 2016 using the search terms female genital cutting, female circumcision, clitorectomy, clitoridectomy, pharaonic circumcision, genital circumcision, female genital mutilation, infibulation, and deinfibulation...
March 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541004/medicalized-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-contentious-practices-and-persistent-debates
#7
REVIEW
Samuel Kimani, Bettina Shell-Duncan
Purpose of Review: Female genital cutting/mutilation (FGM/C) performed by health care professionals (medicalization) and reduced severity of cutting have been advanced as strategies for minimizing health risks, sparking acrimonious ongoing debates. This study summarizes key debates and critically assesses supporting evidence. Recent Findings: While medicalization is concentrated in Africa, health professionals worldwide have faced requests to perform FGM/C. Whether medicalization is hindering the decline of FGM/C is unclear...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541003/the-impact-of-migration-on-attitudes-to-female-genital-cutting-and-experiences-of-sexual-dysfunction-among-migrant-women-with-fgc
#8
REVIEW
Sara Johnsdotter
Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review was to explore current research on the impact of migration on issues related to female genital cutting and sexuality. Recent Findings: There is growing evidence that migration results in a broad opposition to female genital cutting among concerned migrant groups in western countries. In addition, after migration, affected women live in the midst of a dominant discourse categorizing them as "mutilated" and sexually disfigured...
2018: Current Sexual Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463476/defibulation-a-visual-reference-and-learning-tool
#9
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sandra Marras, Lucrezia Catania, Omar Abdulcadir, Patrick Petignat
Female genital mutilation type III (infibulation) is achieved by narrowing the vaginal orifice by creating a covering seal, accomplished by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or labia majora, with or without clitoral excision. Infibulation is responsible for significant urogynecological, obstetrical, and psychosexual consequences that can be treated with defibulation (or de-infibulation), an operation that opens the infibulation scar, exposing the vulvar vestibule, vaginal orifice, external urethral meatus, and eventually the clitoris...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454365/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-saleema-campaign-to-eliminate-female-genital-mutilation-and-cutting-in-sudan
#10
Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C, herein FGM) is a widespread and harmful practice. The Government developed a national campaign in Sudan, called Saleema, to change social norms discouraging FGM. Saleema translates to being "whole", healthy in body and mind, unharmed, intact, pristine, and untouched, in a God-given condition. An interim evaluation was conducted using focus groups among Sudanese adults. The primary aim was to explore perceptions of the Saleema poster exemplars and to assess if the desired themes were being communicated...
February 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365235/female-genital-mutilation-or-cutting
#11
Ranit Mishori, Nicole Warren, Rebecca Reingold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329573/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-italy-an-enhanced-estimation-for-first-generation-migrant-women-based-on-2016-survey-data
#12
Livia Elisa Ortensi, Patrizia Farina, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: Migration flows of women from Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting practicing countries have generated a need for data on women potentially affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. This paper presents enhanced estimates for foreign-born women and asylum seekers in Italy in 2016, with the aim of supporting resource planning and policy making, and advancing the methodological debate on estimation methods. METHODS: The estimates build on the most recent methodological development in Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting direct and indirect estimation for Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting non-practicing countries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291078/the-timing-of-female-genital-mutilation-and-the-role-of-contralateral-palpal-insertions-in-the-spider-cyclosa-argenteoalba
#13
Kensuke Nakata
Some male spiders exhibit female genital mutilation behaviour (FGM) by removing the female genital appendage (scape) to control the mating frequency of females. Female spiders have two, i.e. right and left, genital openings connected with separate spermathecae into which males transfer sperm successively using one pedipalp (secondary genitalia) at a time. Thus, males must complete at least two palpal insertions to fill both spermathecae, before FGM. The present study examined whether (i) scape removal is only associated with the second palpal insertion (one-action hypothesis) or (ii) two contralateral palpal insertions facilitate FGM, with each insertion cutting the basal part of the scape halfway (two-actions hypothesis)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248085/recommendations-on-arresting-global-health-challenges-facing-adolescents-and-young-adults
#14
Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The health challenges faced by young people are more complex than adults and can compromise their full growth and development. Attention must be paid to the health of this age group, yet adolescents and youth remain largely invisible and often disappear from the major global datasets. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss the global health challenges faced by adolescents and youth, global legislations and guidelines pertaining to this particular age group, recommendations to arrest these challenges, and research priorities...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197397/the-heat-goes-away-sexual-disorders-of-married-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-kenya
#15
Tammary Esho, Samuel Kimani, Isaac Nyamongo, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Christine Kigondu, Patrick Ndavi, Jaldesa Guyo
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has been implicated in sexual complications among women, although there is paucity of research evidence on sexual experiences among married women who have undergone this cultural practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the sexual experiences among married women in Mauche Ward, Nakuru County. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data collection methods were used. Quantitative data were obtained from 318 married women selected through multistage sampling...
December 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191224/i-knew-how-it-feels-but-couldn-t-save-my-daughter-testimony-of-an-ethiopian-mother-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#16
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is common in Ethiopia, especially among Somali (99%) ethnic groups. Even though FGM/C is labeled illegal practice according to the revised 2005 Penal Code of the country, the practice is still responsible for misery of many girls in Ethiopia...
December 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151816/counselling-professionals-awareness-and-understanding-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-training-needs-for-working-therapeutically-with-survivors
#17
Charlie Jackson
Background: There is a dearth of literature that has looked at the psychological impact of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and little is known about the understanding and awareness of FGM/C amongst counselling professionals. Method: An online survey was completed by 2073 BACP members. The survey covered four broad themes: demographics; awareness and understanding of FGM/C; experience of working therapeutically with survivors; and FGM/C training. Descriptive and inferential analyses were undertaken on quantitative data, and thematic content analysis was undertaken on qualitative data...
December 2017: Counselling and Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025234/clitoral-surgery-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#18
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Omar Abdulcadir, Martin Caillet, Lucrezia Catania, Béatrice Cuzin, Birgitta Essén, Pierre Foldès, Sara Johnsdotter, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu, Nawal Nour, Charlemagne Ouedraogo, Nicole Warren, Sophie Wylomanski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950894/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-sharing-data-and-experiences-to-accelerate-eradication-and-improve-care
#19
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sophie Alexander, Elise Dubuc, Christina Pallitto, Patrick Petignat, Lale Say
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941786/preventing-gender-based-violence-victimization-in-adolescent-girls-in-lower-income-countries-systematic-review-of-reviews
#20
REVIEW
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause, Stephanie S Miedema
This systematic review of reviews synthesizes evidence on the impact of interventions to prevent violence against adolescent girls and young women 10-24 years (VAWG) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Theories of women's empowerment and the social ecology of multifaceted violence frame the review. Child abuse, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC), child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and sexual violence were focal outcomes. Our review followed the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for the systematic review of reviews, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for a systematic review of recent intervention studies...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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