Read by QxMD icon Read

sleep and histology

Sidra Ishaq, Muhammad Adil Rasheed, Muhammad Ashraf, Imran Altaf, Saima Rehmat, Ghulam Fatima
Disinfectants are chemical agents used to eradicate, deactivate or kill microorganisms. Chemical disinfectants especially chlorine compound are extensively used for water sanitization. Among these calcium hypochlorite and chloramines are commonly used now a day. Large number of chemical compounds, drugs and endogenous substances are metabolized by hepatic enzymes known as cytochrome P450 enzyme system. Many chemicals are capable of enzyme induction. Enzyme induction may change the metabolism of other drugs and endogenous substances which may alter the plasma concentration of these chemicals...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Xu Wu, Wenyu Gu, Huan Lu, Chengying Liu, Biyun Yu, Hui Xu, Yaodong Tang, Shanqun Li, Jian Zhou, Chuan Shao
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) associated chronic kidney disease is mainly caused by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) triggered tissue damage. Receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) and its ligand high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) are expressed on renal cells and mediate inflammatory responses in OSA-related diseases. To determine their roles in CIH-induced renal injury, soluble RAGE (sRAGE), the RAGE neutralizing antibody, was intravenously administered in a CIH model. We also evaluated the effect of sRAGE on inflammation and apoptosis...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Tae Kyun Kim, Young Sook Park, Haing-Woon Baik, Jin Hyun Jun, Eun Kyung Kim, Jae Woong Sull, Ho Joong Sung, Jin Woo Choi, Sook Hee Chung, Myung Chan Gye, Ju Yeon Lim, Jun Bong Kim, Seong Hwan Kim
AIM: To determine adiponectin expression in colonic tissue of murine colitis and systemic cytokine expression after melatonin treatments and sleep deprivation. METHODS: The following five groups of C57BL/6 mice were used in this study: (1) group I, control; (2) group II, 2% DSS induced colitis for 7 d; (3) group III, 2% DSS induced colitis and melatonin treatment; (4) group IV, 2% DSS induced colitis with sleep deprivation (SD) using specially designed and modified multiple platform water baths; and (5) group V, 2% DSS induced colitis with SD and melatonin treatment...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Bo Jin, Jing Wang, Jian Zhou, Shuang Wang, Yuguang Guan, Shuhua Chen
This study aimed to determine the long-term surgical outcome of pharmacoresistant epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) and to identify the important predictors of the favorable surgical outcome. The study retrospectively analyzed the data of pharmacoresistant epilepsy patients with histologically proven FCD in our epilepsy center from May 2010 to December 2014. It included 120 patients with a mean follow-up of 34.6 months. Survival analysis and multivariate regression with Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the rate, stability, and predictors of seizure freedom...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Alexandra A Calinescu, Viveka Nand Yadav, Erica Carballo, Padma Kadiyala, Dustin Tran, Daniel Zamler, Robert Doherty, Maithreyi Srikanth, Pedro R Lowenstein, Maria G Castro
PURPOSE: One likely cause of treatment failure in glioblastoma is the persistence of glioma stem-like cells (GSLCs), highly resistant to therapies currently employed. We found that CXCL12 has highest expression in glioma cells derived from neural progenitor cells (NPCs). The development and molecular signature of NPC-derived GBMs were analyzed and the therapeutic effect of blocking CXCL12 was tested. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Tumors were induced by injecting DNA into the lateral ventricle of neonatal mice, using the Sleeping Beauty transposase method...
August 19, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Shikha S Sundaram, Ann Halbower, Zhaoxing Pan, Kristen Robbins, Kelley E Capocelli, Jelena Klawitter, Colin T Shearn, Ronald J Sokol
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oxidative stress is proposed as a central mediator in NAFLD pathogenesis, but the specific trigger for reactive oxygen species generation has not been clearly delineated. In addition, emerging evidence shows that obesity related obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and nocturnal hypoxia are associated with NAFLD progression in adults. The aim of this study was to determine if OSA/nocturnal hypoxia-induced oxidative stress promotes the progression of pediatric NAFLD. METHODS: Subjects with biopsy proven NAFLD and lean controls were studied...
September 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Edward Gillis, Charles Rampersaud, Emmanuelle Pease, Paul Buscemi
BACKGROUND: In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), occlusion of the upper airway by soft tissue causes intermittent hypoxemia and can have serious sequelae. A novel implantable medical device for OSA is composed of a linear silicone elastic element held in an extended state by a bioabsorbable external sheath. The implant is delivered to the tongue base or soft palate via a minimally invasive approach. Normal tissue healing anchors the device at the attachment points before the bioabsorbable material dissolves and the elastic element contracts to stabilize the surrounding tissue...
2016: Nature and Science of Sleep
Andrés Uc Cachón, Carlos Quintal-Novelo, Gilberto Medina-Escobedo, Gaspar Castro-Aguilar, Rosa E Moo-Puc
Several studies have shown the hepatoprotective effect of the consumption of coffee and tea, which is mainly attributed to caffeine. Many experimental studies have demonstrated this effect; however, these studies used high caffeine doses that are not related to human consumption. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of low doses of caffeine on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-treated rats. Low doses of caffeine (CAFF) 5 and 10 mg/kg (CAFF5 and CAFF10) were evaluated in chronic liver damage induced by CCl4 (0...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Xiaowen Xu, Liang Wang, Liying Chen, Tianjiao Su, Yan Zhang, Tiantian Wang, Weifeng Ma, Fan Yang, Wujie Zhai, Yuanyuan Xie, Dan Li, Qiong Chen, Xuemei Fu, Yuanzheng Ma, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the effects of chronic sleep deprivation (CSD) on bone mass and bone metabolism in rats. METHODS: Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into CSD and control (CON) groups. Rats were subjected to CSD by using the modified multiple platform method (MMPM) to establish an animal model of CSD. Biochemical parameters such as levels of serum N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP), N-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX), growth hormone (GH), estradiol (E2), serum 25(OH)D, and calcium (Ca) were evaluated at 0, 1, 2, and 3 months...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Nicholas Horton, Ari Garber, Henrietta Hasson, Rocio Lopez, Carol A Burke
OBJECTIVES: There are little data on bowel movement (BM) kinetics induced by bowel preparation. Whether single-dose (SID) or split-dose (SPD) regimens differ in terms of patient convenience is unclear. We compared BM kinetics, sleep and travel disruptions, and polyp detection rates in patients undergoing colonoscopy assigned to SID vs. SPDs. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to 2-L SID or SPD (SPD1 and SPD2) bowel preparations. Surveys were completed querying the onset, duration, cessation, and intensity of BMs, along with sleep and travel disruption en route to the endoscopy center...
September 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Ragda Abdalla-Aslan, Chen Nadler, Rafael Benoliel, Yair Sharav, Yaron Haviv
Chronic osteomyelitis of the jaws presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A 45-year-old woman presented with episodic pain in the right mandible of two and a half years' duration. During active periods, lasting for 2 to 3 weeks, the pain woke the patient from sleep at a regular time, and had features mimicking a variant of cluster headache. However, clinical, radiologic, and histologic findings confirmed the diagnosis of chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis. Conservative treatment, including 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics, relieved the pain with no signs of recurrence at the 1-year follow-up...
2016: Quintessence International
Daniela Pedroso, Ana R Nunes, Lucília N Diogo, Carole Oudot, Emília C Monteiro, Catherine Brenner, Helena L A Vieira
Hypertension is associated with cerebrovascular disease, white matter lesion and cognitive deficit, both in experimental models and clinical observations. Furthermore, in non-clinical models it is shown that hippocampus is affected by hypertension and hypoxia. Herein, two distinct hypertension models were used to study neurogenic response in hippocampus. Dahl salt sensitive (DSS) rat model is a genetic based idiopathic model, while chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) mimics the hypertension observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
September 1, 2016: Brain Research
Tugba Unver, Emre Aytugar, Orhan Ozturan, Tugçe Kıran, Ebru Ademci, Aslihan Usumez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of laser irradiation with a novel snoring handpiece on the histological structures of the soft palate in a rat model. BACKGROUND: Snoring is a common problem and studies have shown that 20-50% of the population is affected. An apnea-hypopnea index of <5/h without daytime somnolence is documented as simple snoring. No snoring treatment should ever be attempted until a sleep study has been completed to rule out sleep apnea...
August 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Richárd Fiáth, Bálint Péter Kerekes, Lucia Wittner, Kinga Tóth, Patrícia Beregszászi, Domonkos Horváth, István Ulbert
Rhythmic slow waves characterize brain electrical activity during natural deep sleep and under anesthesia, reflecting the synchronous membrane potential fluctuations of neurons in the thalamocortical network. Strong evidence indicates that the neocortex plays an important role in the generation of slow wave activity (SWA), however, contributions of individual cortical layers to the SWA generation are still unclear. The anatomically correct laminar profiles of SWA were revealed under ketamine/xylazine anesthesia, with combined local field potential recordings, multiple-unit activity (MUA), current source density (CSD) and time-frequency analyses precisely co-registered with histology...
August 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Lenise Jihe Kim, Fernando Morgadinho Coelho, Paula Araujo, Roberto Carlos Tedesco, Rodrigo Barbosa Souza, Sergio Tufik, Monica Levy Andersen
Cerebral blood flow is associated with the cerebrovascular prognosis. Sleep restriction (SR) may be a limiting factor of the prognosis after a cerebrovascular event, impairing the neurological recovery. We aimed to investigate the effects of SR on mortality rate and on behavioral and histological parameters of animals submitted to permanent cerebral hypoperfusion. Sixty male Wistar rats were distributed in 4 groups, according to the protocol of common carotid artery occlusion (CCAO) and SR: nSR+nCCAO, SR+nCCAO, nSR+CCAO, and SR+CCAO...
August 1, 2016: Brain Research
A Mohan, A N Latifi, R Guleria
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant neoplasms worldwide and accounts for more deaths than any other cancer. The clinicopathological profile of lung cancer has shown marked regional and geographical variation. AIMS: We aimed to compare the demographic and pathological profile of lung cancer patients from North India with other Indian and International series. SETTING AND DESIGN: A retrospective study over a period of 5 years from January 2008 to May 2013 was conducted in the Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
Marta Bianciardi, Nicola Toschi, Cornelius Eichner, Jonathan R Polimeni, Kawin Setsompop, Emery N Brown, Matti S Hämäläinen, Bruce R Rosen, Lawrence L Wald
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to map the in vivo human functional connectivity of several brainstem nuclei with the rest of the brain by using seed-based correlation of ultra-high magnetic field functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the recently developed template of 11 brainstem nuclei derived from multi-contrast structural MRI at 7 Tesla as seed regions to determine their connectivity to the rest of the brain. To achieve this, we used the increased contrast-to-noise ratio of 7-Tesla fMRI compared with 3 Tesla and time-efficient simultaneous multi-slice imaging to cover the brain with high spatial resolution (1...
June 2016: Magma
Alexa B Erck Lambert, Sharyn E Parks, Lena Camperlengo, Carri Cottengim, Rebecca L Anderson, Theresa M Covington, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) investigations among states participating in the SUID Case Registry from 2010 through 2012. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed observational data from 770 SUID cases identified and entered into the National Child Death Review Case Reporting System. We examined data on autopsy and death scene investigation (DSI) components, including key information about the infant sleep environment. We calculated the percentage of components that were complete, incomplete, and missing/unknown...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Vivian Choh, Akshay Gurdita, Bingyao Tan, Ratna C Prasad, Kostadinka Bizheva, Karen M Joos
PURPOSE: Moderately elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a risk factor for open-angle glaucoma. Some patients suffer glaucoma despite clinically measured normal IOPs. Fluctuations in IOP may have a significant role since IOPs are higher during sleep and inversion activities. Controlled transient elevations of IOPs in rats over time lead to optic nerve structural changes that are similar to the early changes observed in constant chronic models of glaucoma. Because early intervention decreases glaucoma progression, this study was done to determine if early physiological changes to the retina could be detected with noninvasive electrophysiological and optical imaging tests during moderately elevated IOP...
April 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Wenrui Qu, Nai-Kui Liu, Xin-Min Simon Xie, Rui Li, Xiao-Ming Xu
Traumatic brain injury often causes a variety of behavioral and emotional impairments that can develop into chronic disorders. Therefore, there is a need to shift towards identifying early symptoms that can aid in the prediction of traumatic brain injury outcomes and behavioral endpoints in patients with traumatic brain injury after early interventions. In this study, we used the SmartCage system, an automated quantitative approach to assess behavior alterations in mice during an early phase of traumatic brain injury in their home cages...
February 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"