keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

thalamocortical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784588/brain-stimulation-patterns-emulating-endogenous-thalamocortical-input-to-parvalbumin-expressing-interneurons-reduce-nociception-in-mice
#1
Yeowool Huh, Dahee Jung, Taeyoon Seo, Sukkyu Sun, Su Hyun Kim, Hyewhon Rhim, Sooyoung Chung, Chong-Hyun Kim, Youngwoo Kwon, Marom Bikson, Yong-An Chung, Jeansok J Kim, Jeiwon Cho
BACKGROUND: The bursting pattern of thalamocortical (TC) pathway dampens nociception. Whether brain stimulation mimicking endogenous patterns can engage similar sensory gating processes in the cortex and reduce nociceptive behaviors remains uninvestigated. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the role of cortical parvalbumin expressing (PV) interneurons within the TC circuit in gating nociception and their selective response to TC burst patterns. We then tested if transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) patterned on endogenous nociceptive TC bursting modulate nociceptive behaviors...
May 18, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778070/high-intensity-binge-drinking-is-associated-with-alterations-in-spontaneous-neural-oscillations-in-young-adults
#2
Rifqi O Affan, Siyuan Huang, Stephen M Cruz, Lee A Holcomb, Edward Nguyen, Ksenija Marinkovic
Heavy episodic alcohol consumption (also termed binge drinking) contributes to a wide range of health and cognitive deficits, but the associated brain-based indices are poorly understood. The current study used electroencephalography (EEG) to examine spontaneous neural oscillations in young adults as a function of quantity, frequency, and the pattern of their alcohol consumption. Sixty-one young adults (23.4 ± 3.4 years of age) were assigned to binge drinking (BD) and light drinking (LD) groups that were equated on gender, race/ethnic identity, age, educational background, and family history of alcoholism...
January 8, 2018: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774500/thalamocortical-dysconnectivity-in-premenstrual-syndrome
#3
Peng Liu, Ying Wei, Hai Liao, Yingying Fan, Ru Li, Nana Feng, Gaoxiong Duan, Demao Deng, Wei Qin
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a menstrual cycle-related disorder. Although the precise pathophysiology is not fully understood, it is increasingly believed that the central nervous system plays a vital role in the development of PMS. The aim of this study is to elucidate specific functional connectivity between the thalamus and cerebral cortex. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were obtained from 20 PMS patients and 21 healthy controls (HCs). Seed-based functional connectivity between the thalamus and six cortical regions of interest, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC), posterior parietal cortex, somatosensory cortex, motor cortex/supplementary motor area, temporal and occipital lobe, was adopted to identify specific thalamocortical connectivity in the two groups...
May 17, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773817/electrical-synapses-between-inhibitory-neurons-shape-the-responses-of-principal-neurons-to-transient-inputs-in-the-thalamus-a-modeling-study
#4
Tuan Pham, Julie S Haas
As multimodal sensory information proceeds to the cortex, it is intercepted and processed by the nuclei of the thalamus. The main source of inhibition within thalamus is the reticular nucleus (TRN), which collects signals both from thalamocortical relay neurons and from thalamocortical feedback. Within the reticular nucleus, neurons are densely interconnected by connexin36-based gap junctions, known as electrical synapses. Electrical synapses have been shown to coordinate neuronal rhythms, including thalamocortical spindle rhythms, but their role in shaping or modulating transient activity is less understood...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771919/firing-rate-based-network-modeling-of-the-dlgn-circuit-effects-of-cortical-feedback-on-spatiotemporal-response-properties-of-relay-cells
#5
Milad Hobbi Mobarhan, Geir Halnes, Pablo Martínez-Cañada, Torkel Hafting, Marianne Fyhn, Gaute T Einevoll
Visually evoked signals in the retina pass through the dorsal geniculate nucleus (dLGN) on the way to the visual cortex. This is however not a simple feedforward flow of information: there is a significant feedback from cortical cells back to both relay cells and interneurons in the dLGN. Despite four decades of experimental and theoretical studies, the functional role of this feedback is still debated. Here we use a firing-rate model, the extended difference-of-Gaussians (eDOG) model, to explore cortical feedback effects on visual responses of dLGN relay cells...
May 17, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761601/postnatal-development-of-cholinergic-input-to-the-thalamic-reticular-nucleus-of-the-mouse
#6
Guela Sokhadze, Peter Whitney Campbell, William Guido
The thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN), a shell-like structure comprised of GABAergic neurons, gates signal transmission between thalamus and cortex. While TRN is innervated by axon collaterals of thalamocortical and corticothalamic neurons, other ascending projections modulate activity during different behavioral states such as attention, arousal, and sleep-wake cycles. One of the largest arise from cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain and brainstem. Despite its integral role, little is known about how or when cholinergic innervation and synapse formation occurs...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744572/protective-potential-of-dimethyl-fumarate-in-a-mouse-model-of-thalamocortical-demyelination
#7
Manuela Cerina, Venu Narayanan, Anna Delank, Patrick Meuth, Stephanie Graebenitz, Kerstin Göbel, Alexander M Herrmann, Stefanie Albrecht, Thiemo Daldrup, Thomas Seidenbecher, Ali Gorji, Tanja Kuhlmann, Heinz Wiendl, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Erwin J Speckmann, Hans-Christian Pape, Sven G Meuth, Thomas Budde
Alterations in cortical cellular organization, network functionality, as well as cognitive and locomotor deficits were recently suggested to be pathological hallmarks in multiple sclerosis and corresponding animal models as they might occur following demyelination. To investigate functional changes following demyelination in a well-defined, topographically organized neuronal network, in vitro and in vivo, we focused on the primary auditory cortex (A1) of mice in the cuprizone model of general de- and remyelination...
May 9, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742025/abnormal-motor-cortical-adaptation-to-external-stimulus-in-unverricht-lundborg-disease-progressive-myoclonus-type-1-epm1
#8
Petro Julkunen, Olli Löfberg, Elisa Kallioniemi, Jelena Hyppönen, Reetta Kälviäinen, Esa Mervaala
Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1) is associated with progressive functional and anatomic changes in the thalamus and motor cortex. The neurophysiological mechanisms behind the impaired thalamocortical system were studied through short-term adaptation of the motor cortex to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) via repetition suppression (RS) phenomenon. RS is considered to be related to neural processing of external stimuli. We hypothesized that this neural processing is progressively impaired in EPM1 from adolescence to adulthood...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738718/bilateral-thalamocortical-abnormalities-in-focal-cortical-dysplasia
#9
Arthur Rezayev, Henry A Feldman, Jacob Levman, Emi Takahashi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD), a congenital malformation of the neocortex and one of the most common causes of medication resistant epilepsy in pediatric populations, can be studied noninvasively by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The present study aimed to quantify changes in the thalamus and thalamocortical pathways with respect to fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), volume, and other common measures. MATERIALS & METHODS: The study quantified data collected from pediatric patients with a prior diagnosis of FCD; 75 patients (35 females, 10...
May 5, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727859/action-and-learning-shape-the-activity-of-neuronal-circuits-in-the-visual-cortex
#10
REVIEW
Janelle Mp Pakan, Valerio Francioni, Nathalie L Rochefort
Nonsensory variables strongly influence neuronal activity in the adult mouse primary visual cortex. Neuronal responses to visual stimuli are modulated by behavioural state, such as arousal and motor activity, and are shaped by experience. This dynamic process leads to neural representations in the visual cortex that reflect stimulus familiarity, expectations of reward and object location, and mismatch between self-motion and visual-flow. The recent development of genetic tools and recording techniques in awake behaving mice has enabled the investigation of the circuit mechanisms underlying state-dependent and experience-dependent neuronal representations in primary visual cortex...
May 1, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715588/thalamocortical-function-in-developing-sensory-circuits
#11
REVIEW
Matthew T Colonnese, Marnie A Phillips
Thalamocortical activity patterns, both spontaneous and evoked, undergo a dramatic shift in preparation for the onset of rich sensory experience (e.g. birth in humans; eye-opening in rodents). This change is the result of a switch from thalamocortical circuits tuned for transmission of spontaneous bursting in sense organs, to circuits capable of high resolution, active sensory processing. Early 'pre-sensory' tuning uses amplification generated by corticothalamic excitatory feedback and early-born subplate neurons to ensure transmission of bursts, at the expense of stimulus discrimination...
April 28, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708526/improving-the-application-of-high-molecular-weight-biotinylated-dextran-amine-for-thalamocortical-projection-tracing-in-the-rat
#12
Dongsheng Xu, Jingjing Cui, Jia Wang, Zhiyun Zhang, Chen She, Wanzhu Bai
High molecular weight biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) has been used as a highly sensitive neuroanatomical tracer for many decades. Since the quality of its labeling was affected by various factors, here, we provide a refined protocol for the application of high molecular weight BDA for studying optimal neural labeling in the central nervous system. After stereotactic injection of BDA into the ventral posteromedial nucleus (VPM) of the thalamus in the rat through a delicate glass pipette, BDA was stained with fluorescent streptavidin-Alexa (AF) 594 and counterstained with fluorescent Nissl stain AF500/525...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706872/thalamocortical-projection-neuron-and-interneuron-numbers-in-the-visual-thalamic-nuclei-of-the-adult-c57bl-6-mouse
#13
Marian Evangelio, María García-Amado, Francisco Clascá
A key parameter to constrain predictive, bottom-up circuit models of a given brain domain is the number and position of the neuronal populations involved. These include not only the neurons whose bodies reside within the domain, but also the neurons in distant regions that innervate the domain. The mouse visual cortex receives its main subcortical input from the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and the lateral posterior (LP) complex of the thalamus. The latter consists of three different nuclei: lateral posterior lateral (LPL), lateral posterior medial rostral (LPMR), and lateral posterior medial caudal (LPMC), each exhibiting specific patterns of connections with the various visual cortical areas...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704748/developmental-interactions-between-thalamus-and-cortex-a-true-love-reciprocal-story
#14
REVIEW
Noelia Antón-Bolaños, Ana Espinosa, Guillermina López-Bendito
The developmental programs that control the specification of cortical and thalamic territories are maintained largely as independent processes. However, bulk of evidence demonstrates the requirement of the reciprocal interactions between cortical and thalamic neurons as key for the correct development of functional thalamocortical circuits. This reciprocal loop of connections is essential for sensory processing as well as for the execution of complex sensory-motor tasks. Here, we review recent advances in our understanding of how mutual collaborations between both brain regions define area patterning and cell differentiation in the thalamus and cortex...
April 25, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704061/on-the-neuronal-circuitry-mediating-l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia
#15
REVIEW
M Angela Cenci, Henrik Jörntell, Per Petersson
With the advent of rodent models of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID), a growing literature has linked molecular changes in the striatum to the development and expression of abnormal involuntary movements. Changes in information processing at the striatal level are assumed to impact on the activity of downstream basal ganglia nuclei, which in turn influence brain-wide networks, but very little is actually known about systems-level mechanisms of dyskinesia. As an aid to approach this topic, we here review the anatomical and physiological organisation of cortico-basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits, and the changes affecting these circuits in animal models of parkinsonism and LID...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703945/critical-period-inhibition-of-nkcc1-rectifies-synapse-plasticity-in-the-somatosensory-cortex-and-restores-adult-tactile-response-maps-in-fragile-x-mice
#16
Qionger He, Erica D Arroyo, Samuel N Smukowski, Jian Xu, Claire Piochon, Jeffrey N Savas, Carlos Portera-Cailliau, Anis Contractor
Sensory perturbations in visual, auditory and tactile perception are core problems in fragile X syndrome (FXS). In the Fmr1 knockout mouse model of FXS, the maturation of synapses and circuits during critical period (CP) development in the somatosensory cortex is delayed, but it is unclear how this contributes to altered tactile sensory processing in the mature CNS. Here we demonstrate that inhibiting the juvenile chloride co-transporter NKCC1, which contributes to altered chloride homeostasis in developing cortical neurons of FXS mice, rectifies the chloride imbalance in layer IV somatosensory cortex neurons and corrects the development of thalamocortical excitatory synapses during the CP...
April 27, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701820/cerebello-cortical-network-fingerprints-differ-between-essential-parkinson-s-and-mimicked-tremors
#17
Muthuraman Muthuraman, Jan Raethjen, Nabin Koirala, Abdul Rauf Anwar, Kidist G Mideksa, Rodger Elble, Sergiu Groppa, Günter Deuschl
Cerebello-thalamo-cortical loops play a major role in the emergence of pathological tremors and voluntary rhythmic movements. It is unclear whether these loops differ anatomically or functionally in different types of tremor. We compared age- and sex-matched groups of patients with Parkinson's disease or essential tremor and healthy controls (n = 34 per group). High-density 256-channel EEG and multi-channel EMG from extensor and flexor muscles of both wrists were recorded simultaneously while extending the hands against gravity with the forearms supported...
April 26, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694280/model-based-deconstruction-of-cortical-evoked-potentials-generated-by-subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation
#18
Karthik Kumaravelu, Chintan S Oza, Christina E Behrend, Warren M Grill
Parkinson's disease is associated with altered neural activity in the motor cortex. High frequency deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) suppresses parkinsonian motor symptoms and modulates cortical activity. However, the anatomical pathways responsible for STN DBS mediated cortical modulation remain unclear. Cortical evoked potentials (cEP) generated by STN DBS reflect the response of cortex to subcortical stimulation, and the goal was to determine the neural origin of cEP using a two-step approach...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691943/distinguishable-brain-networks-relate-disease-susceptibility-to-symptom-expression-in-schizophrenia
#19
Zhaowen Liu, Jie Zhang, Kai Zhang, Junying Zhang, Xiaojing Li, Wei Cheng, Mingli Li, Liansheng Zhao, Wei Deng, Wanjun Guo, Xiaohong Ma, Qiang Wang, Paul M Matthews, Jianfeng Feng, Tao Li
Disease association studies have characterized altered resting-state functional connectivities describing schizophrenia, but failed to model symptom expression well. We developed a model that could account for symptom severity and meanwhile relate this to disease-related functional pathology. We correlated BOLD signal across brain regions and tested separately for associations with disease (disease edges) and with symptom severity (symptom edges) in a prediction-based scheme. We then integrated them in an "edge bi-color" graph, and adopted mediation analysis to test for causality between the disease and symptom networks and symptom scores...
April 24, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690546/a-rationale-for-music-training-to-enhance-executive-functions-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-overview-of-the-problem
#20
Teresa Lesiuk, Jennifer A Bugos, Brea Murakami
Music listening interventions such as Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation can improve mobility, balance, and gait in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). Yet, the impact of music training on executive functions is not yet known. Deficits in executive functions (e.g., attention, processing speed) in patients with PD result in gait interference, deficits in emotional processing, loss of functional capacity (e.g., intellectual activity, social participation), and reduced quality of life. The model of temporal prediction and timing suggests two networks collectively contribute to movement generation and execution: the basal ganglia-thalamocortical network (BGTC) and the cerebellar-thalamocortical network (CTC)...
April 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
keyword
keyword
94093
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"