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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223308/infographic-oral-health-in-elite-athletes
#1
EDITORIAL
Ian Needleman, Paul Ashley, Peter Fine, Fares Haddad, Mike Loosemore, Akbar di Medici, Nikos Donos, Tim Newton, Ken van Someren, Rebecca Moazzez, Rod Jaques, Glenn Hunter, Mark Shimmin, John Brewer, Lyndon Meehan, Steve Mills, Stephen Porter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223305/eighty-three-per-cent-of-elite-athletes-return-to-preinjury-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-return-to-sport-rates-graft-rupture-rates-and-performance-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Courtney C H Lai, Clare L Ardern, Julian A Feller, Kate E Webster
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to calculate the rate of return to sport (RTS) following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in elite athletes. Secondary objectives were to estimate the time taken to RTS, calculate rates of ACL graft rupture, evaluate postsurgical athletic performance and identify determinants of RTS. DESIGN: Pooled RTS and graft rupture rates were calculated using random effects proportion meta-analysis. Time to RTS, performance data and determinants of RTS were synthesised descriptively...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222576/may-a-unitary-autonomic-index-help-assess-autonomic-cardiac-regulation-in-elite-athletes-preliminary-observations-on-the-national-italian-olympic-committee-team
#3
Roberto Sala, Mara Malacarne, Fabio Tosi, Manuela Benzi, Nadia Solaro, Stefano Tamorri, Antonio Spataro, Massimo Pagani, Daniela Lucini
BACKGROUND: Long term endurance training, as occurring in elite athletes, is associated to cardiac neural remodeling in favor of cardioprotective vagal mechanisms, resulting in resting bradycardia and augmented contribution of cardiac parasympathetic nerve activity. Autonomic assessment can be performed by way of Heart Rate Variability. This technique however provides multiple indices, and there is not yet complete agreement on their specific significance. Purpose of the study was to assess whether a rank transformation and radar plot could provide a unitary autonomic index, capable to show a correlation between intensity of individual work and quality of autonomic regulation...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215520/the-champion-s-creed-shared-values-of-athletes-and-academicians
#4
Laura M Fayad
Although the pursuit of sports may be dismissed as unimportant by those in the academic fields, sports are pervasive, and in our society, elite athletes are revered. There are lessons to be appreciated from the training journey and ultimate achievements of such athletes, which parallel the development and sustainment of the academic radiologist on many fronts, including educational training, clinical work, the pursuit of research, and for some, the culmination of a career in a leadership role.
December 27, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214724/where-biomedicalisation-and-magic-meet-therapeutic-innovations-of-elite-sports-injury-in-british-professional-football-and-cycling
#5
Alex Faulkner, Michael McNamee, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
Injury is a conspicuous feature of the practice and public spectacle of contemporary elite sports. The paper argues that the 'biomedicalisation' thesis (medico-industrial nexus, techno-scientific drivers, medical optimisation, biologisation, the rise of evidence and health surveillance) goes some way to capturing the use in elite sports injury of some highly specialised mainstream therapies and some highly maverick biological therapies, which are described. Nevertheless, these main strands of biomedicalisation do not capture the full range of these phenomena in the contexts of sports medicine and athletes' practices in accessing innovative, controversial therapies...
February 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214098/is-perceived-athlete-leadership-quality-related-to-team-effectiveness-a-comparison-of-three-professional-sports-teams
#6
Katrien Fransen, S Alexander Haslam, Clifford J Mallett, Niklas K Steffens, Kim Peters, Filip Boen
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have argued that leadership is one of the most important determinants of team effectiveness. The present study examined the extent to which the perceived quality of athlete leadership was related to the effectiveness of elite sports teams. DESIGN: Three professional football teams (N=135) participated in our study during the preparation phase for the Australian 2016 season. METHODS: Players and coaching staff were asked to assess players' leadership quality in four leadership roles (as task, motivational, social, and external leader) via an online survey...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212284/micronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-athletes-prevalence-of-low-and-high-intakes-in-users-and-non-users-of-nutritional-supplements
#7
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
This study investigated whether athletes meet micronutrient recommendations and whether the adequacy of their intake is related to the use of dietary supplements, sport nutrition products or a combination. Micronutrient intakes of 553 Dutch (sub-) elite athletes were assessed using web-based 24-h dietary recalls with accompanying nutritional supplement questionnaires. In the majority of both users and non-users of dietary supplements, vitamin D intake was below the estimated average requirement (AR) if supplements were not included in the analysis...
February 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212266/individual-patterns-in-blood-borne-indicators-of-fatigue-trait-or-chance
#8
Ross Julian, Tim Meyer, Hugh H K Fullagar, Sabrina Skorski, Mark Pfeiffer, Michael Kellmann, Alexander Ferrauti, Anne Hecksteden
Julian, R, Meyer, T, Fullagar, HHK, Skorski, S, Pfeiffer, M, Kellmann, M, Ferrauti, A, and Hecksteden, A. Individual patterns in blood-borne indicators of fatigue-trait or chance. J Strength Cond Res 31(3): 608-619, 2017-Blood-borne markers of fatigue such as creatine kinase (CK) and urea (U) are widely used to fine-tune training recommendations. However, predictive accuracy is low. A possible explanation for this dissatisfactory characteristic is the propensity of athletes to react to different patterns of fatigue indicators (e...
March 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210338/influence-of-game-evolution-and-the-phase-of-competition-on-temporal-game-structure-in-high-level-table-tennis-tournaments
#9
Jorge Vieira de Mello Leite, Fabio Augusto Barbieri, Willian Miyagi, Elvis de Souza Malta, Alessandro Moura Zagatto
The aims of this study were: a) to investigate the game temporal structure in high-level table tennis competitions; b) to verify the influence of game evolution in international competitions from 2009 to 2012 (World Table Tennis Championships and the Olympic Games) on game temporal structure; c) to compare game temporal structure according to the phase of competition. Comparisons between the three international tournaments demonstrated that rally duration decreased significantly (p < 0.05) during the analyzed period (2009-2012), while the rest time increased (p < 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208581/macronutrient-intakes-in-553-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-endurance-team-and-strength-athletes-does-intake-differ-between-sport-disciplines
#10
Floris Wardenaar, Naomi Brinkmans, Ingrid Ceelen, Bo Van Rooij, Marco Mensink, Renger Witkamp, Jeanne De Vries
Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and questionnaires were obtained from 553 Dutch well-trained athletes. The total energy and macronutrient intake was compared between discipline-categories (endurance, team, and strength) within gender, and dietary inadequacy, i.e., too low or high intakes, according to selected recommendations and guidelines, was evaluated by applying a probability approach. On average, 2.83 days per person were reported with a mean energy intake of 2566-2985 kcal and 1997-2457 kcal per day, for men and women, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207969/multiple-factors-explain-injury-risk-in-adolescent-elite-athletes-applying-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#11
Philip von Rosen, Anna Frohm, Anders Kottorp, Cecilia Fridén, Annette Heijne
Many risk factors for injury are presented in the literature, few of those are however consistent and the majority is associated with adult and not adolescent elite athletes. The aim was to identify risk factors for injury in adolescent elite athletes, by applying a biopsychosocial approach. A total of 496 adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), participating in 16 different sports, were monitored repeatedly over 52 weeks using a validated questionnaire about injuries, training exposure, sleep, stress, nutrition and competence-based self-esteem...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197695/rotational-glenohumeral-adaptations-are-associated-with-shoulder-pathology-in-professional-male-handball-players
#12
Przemyslaw Lubiatowski, Piotr Kaczmarek, Pawel Cisowski, Ewa Breborowicz, Monika Grygorowicz, Marcin Dzianach, Tomasz Krupecki, Lior Laver, Leszek Romanowski
PURPOSE: Glenohumeral range of motion adaptations may affect throwing athletes and contribute to shoulder injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shoulder rotation deficits among elite professional handball players and its correlation to the presence of shoulder pain and morphological changes. METHODS: Eighty-seven elite professional handball players and 41 healthy non-athlete volunteers participated in the study. Evaluations included measurement of range of internal and external rotation, total arch of motion, identification of shoulder pain and ultrasound scan for diagnosis of rotator cuff tears and internal impingement...
February 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197354/neuromuscular-coordination-deficit-persists-12-months-after-acl-reconstruction-but-can-be-modulated-by-6-weeks-of-kettlebell-training-a-case-study-in-women-s-elite-soccer
#13
Mette K Zebis, Christoffer H Andersen, Jesper Bencke, Christina Ørntoft, Connie Linnebjerg, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg, Per Aagaard, Lars L Andersen
The aim of the present single-case study was to investigate the effect of 6 weeks' kettlebell training on the neuromuscular risk profile for ACL injury in a high-risk athlete returning to sport after ACL reconstruction. A female elite soccer player (age 21 years) with no previous history of ACL injury went through neuromuscular screening as measured by EMG preactivity of vastus lateralis and semitendinosus during a standardized sidecutting maneuver. Subsequently, the player experienced a noncontact ACL injury...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197111/commentary-environmental-influences-on-elite-sport-athletes-well-being-from-gold-silver-and-bronze-to-blue-green-and-gold
#14
COMMENT
Mike Rogerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196542/korean-national-athletes-knowledge-practices-and-attitudes-of-doping-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Taegyu Kim, Young Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts of the World Anti-Doping Agency and national anti-doping agencies at the international level, a relatively low and steady rate of positive doping tests still persists all over the world. Evidence on adolescents using doping substances exists, and the proportion of adolescents engaging in doping practices is small but significant. In relation to the international research trends on anti-doping, this study aims to evaluate doping knowledge, practices, and attitudes among Korean adult and adolescent elite athletes to provide effective information on anti-doping policies and education programs...
February 14, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195974/validity-of-the-elite-hrv-smart-phone-application-for-examining-heart-rate-variability-in-a-field-based-setting
#16
A S Perrotta, A Jeklin, B A Hives, L E Meanwell, D E R Warburton
The introduction of smart phone applications has allowed athletes and practitioners to record and store R-R intervals on smart phones for immediate heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. This user-friendly option should be validated in the effort to provide practitioners confidence when monitoring their athletes before implementing such equipment.The objective of this investigation was to examine the relationship between a vagal related HRV index, rMSSD when derived from a smart phone application accessible with most smart phone operating systems against Kubios HRV 2...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195972/individual-and-combined-influence-of-ace-and-actn3-genes-on-muscle-phenotypes-in-polish-athletes
#17
Joanna Orysiak, Joanna Mazur-Różycka, Krzysztof Busko, Jan Gajewski, Beata Szczepanska, Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska
The aim of this study was to examine the association between ACE and ACTN3 genes, independently or in combination, and muscle strength and power in male and female athletes. The study involved 398 young male (n=266) and female (n=132) athletes representing various sport disciplines (ice hockey, canoeing, swimming, volleyball). All were Caucasians. The following measurements were taken: height of jump and mechanical power in countermovement jump (CMJ) and spike jump (SPJ), and muscle strength of 10 muscle groups (flexors and extensors of the elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and trunk)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194638/achilles-tendon-injuries
#18
REVIEW
Anthony C Egger, Mark J Berkowitz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to review the current literature of Achilles tendon injuries, specifically chronic tendinopathy and acute ruptures in regard to etiology, diagnosis, treatment options, and outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of Achilles tendon injuries is increasing, but the necessity for surgical intervention is decreasing due to improved conservative therapies, which may provide comparable outcomes without the implied surgical risk...
February 13, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194116/dynamic-and-static-exercises-differentially-affect-plasma-cytokine-content-in-elite-endurance-and-strength-trained-athletes-and-untrained-volunteers
#19
Leonid V Kapilevich, Anna N Zakharova, Anastasia V Kabachkova, Tatyana A Kironenko, Sergei N Orlov
Extensive exercise increases the plasma content of IL-6, IL-8, IL-15, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and several other cytokines via their augmented transcription in skeletal muscle cells. However, the relative impact of aerobic and resistant training interventions on cytokine production remains poorly defined. In this study, we compared effects of dynamic and static load on cytokine plasma content in elite strength- and endurance-trained athletes vs. healthy untrained volunteers. The plasma cytokine content was measured before, immediately after, and 30 min post-exercise using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192034/physiological-and-perceived-responses-in-different-levels-of-exergames-in-elite-athletes
#20
Louisa Ming Yan Chung, Feng Hua Sun, Chris Tsz Man Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Exergames have been suggested to increase the public's physical activity and to benefit cardiovascular health, particularly among the youth. However, not many studies compared the physiological and perceived responses between exergames and the authentic sports especially for elite athletes. This study aimed to investigate the physiological and perceived responses in different levels of Nintendo(®) Wii Fit™ U rowing exergames in one group of elite rowing athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All participants were asked to perform the authentic rowing on the indoor rowing machine on the first day and to play the rowing exergames on the second day, in three levels with 1 hour rest between levels...
February 2017: Games for Health
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