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Endocrine disrupting chemicals

Elodie Haraux, Pierre Tourneux, Christelle Kouakam, Erwan Stephan-Blanchard, Bernard Boudailliez, Andre Leke, Celine Klein, Karen Chardon
Although endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs, including pesticides) are thought to increase the risk of hypospadias, no compounds have been formally identified in this context. Human studies may now be possible via the assessment of meconium as a marker of chronic prenatal exposure. The objective of the present study was to determine whether or not prenatal exposure to pesticides (as detected in meconium) constitutes a risk factor for isolated hypospadias. In a case-control study performed between 2011 and 2014 in northern France, male newborns with isolated hypospadias (n = 25) were matched at birth with controls (n = 58)...
June 18, 2018: Environment International
Hideki Kakutani, Tomohiro Yuzuriha, Ema Akiyama, Teruyuki Nakao, Souichi Ohta
People are frequently and unintentionally exposed to many chemical compounds, such as environmental pollutants and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), in food and from the atmosphere. In particular, endocrine-disrupting TBBPA and dioxins are found in human breast milk and in the body. Conventional studies evaluate toxicity by administering a single substance to cells or animals, but evaluation of the toxicity of mixtures of these ingested compounds is essential for "true" toxicological assessment...
2018: Toxicology Reports
Roger J Hart, Hanne Frederiksen, Dorota A Doherty, Jeffrey A Keelan, Niels E Skakkebaek, Noviani S Minaee, Robert McLachlan, John P Newnham, Jan E Dickinson, Craig E Pennell, Robert J Norman, Katharina M Main
Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals suspected to interfere with developmental androgen action leading to adverse effects on male reproductive function. Prenatal exposure studies in rodents show cryptorchidism, hypospadias and reduced testicular volume (TV), testosterone and anogenital distance in males. It is postulated that there is a developmental window in utero when phthalate exposure has the most potent adverse effects. Some human studies show associations between prenatal phthalate exposure and reduced calculated "free" serum testosterone in infant boys and shorter anogenital distance...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Tae-Yong Jeong, Jana Asselman, Karel A C De Schamphelaere, Filip Van Nieuwerburgh, Dieter Deforce, Sang Don Kim
Propranolol (PRO), a human β-AR (β-adrenergic receptor) antagonist, is considered to result in specific effects in a non-target species, D. magna, based on our previous studies. The present study investigated the effects of β-AR agents, including an antagonist and agonist using pharmacologically relevant endpoints as well as a more holistic gene expression approach to reveal the impacts and potential mode of actions (MOAs) in the model non-target species. Results show that the responses in cardiac endpoints and gene expression in D...
June 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Sarah A Johnson, Michelle J Farrington, Claire R Murphy, Paul D Caldo, Leif A McAllister, Sarabjit Kaur, Catherine Chun, Madison T Ortega, Brittney L Marshall, Frauke Hoffmann, Mark R Ellersieck, A Katrin Schenk, Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Rodent pups use vocalizations to communicate with one or both parents in biparental species, such as California mice (Peromyscus californicus). Previous studies have shown California mice developmentally exposed to endocrine disrupting chemicals, bisphenol A (BPA) or ethinyl estradiol (EE), demonstrate later compromised parental behaviors. Reductions in F1 parental behaviors might also be due to decreased emissions of F2 pup vocalizations. Thus, vocalizations of F2 male and female California mice pups born to F1 parents developmentally exposed to BPA, EE, or controls were examined...
2018: PloS One
Judith Elisabeth Müller, Nicole Meyer, Clarisa Guillermina Santamaria, Anne Schumacher, Enrique Hugo Luque, Maria Laura Zenclussen, Horacio Adolfo Rodriguez, Ana Claudia Zenclussen
Endocrine disrupting chemicals are long suspected to impair reproductive health. Bisphenol A (BPA) has estrogenic activity and therefore the capacity of interfering with endocrine pathways. No studies dissected its short-term effects on pregnancy and possible underlying mechanisms. Here, we studied how BPA exposure around implantation affects pregnancy, particularly concentrating on placentation and uterine remodeling. We exposed pregnant female mice to 50 µg/kg BPA/day or 0.1% ethanol by oral gavage from day 1 to 7 of gestation...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Li Zhang, Xian Cheng, Shichen Xu, Jiandong Bao, Huixin Yu
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine tumor. Our previous studies have demonstrated that curcumin can induce apoptosis in human papillary thyroid carcinoma BCPAP cells. However, the underlined mechanism has not been clearly elucidated. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a major organelle for synthesis, maturation, and folding proteins as well as a large store for Ca. Overcoming chronically activated ER stress by triggering pro-apoptotic pathways of the unfolded protein response (UPR) is a novel strategy for cancer therapeutics...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ri-Ping Huang, Ze-Hua Liu, Hua Yin, Zhi Dang, Ping-Xiao Wu, Neng-Wu Zhu, Zhang Lin
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an important industrial raw material that is widely applied in daily products. BPA is also an endocrine-disrupting chemical that may adversely affect humans. This review thoroughly collected data on BPA concentration in human urine and determined main influencing factors. The average BPA intake of humans across six continents or the average value worldwide was calculated based on a simple model. Results showed that the average BPA intake was ranked from high to low as follows: Oceania, Asia, Europe, and North America in the child population and Oceania, Europe, Asia, and North America in the adult population...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Meaghan E Guyader, Les D Warren, Emily Green, Riley Bertram, Andrew P Proudian, Richard L Kiesling, Heiko L Schoenfuss, Christopher P Higgins
On-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTSs) are an international wastewater management strategy for rural and semi-rural communities without access to centralized sewage treatment. These systems are a suspected source of trace organic contaminants (TOrCs) that may be responsible for endocrine disrupting effects to resident fish species in Minnesota Lakes. This study assessed localized porewater concentrations of TOrCs in near-shore environments across five Minnesota Lakes. Sampling sites were designated as either likely (HOME) or unlikely (REF) to receive OWTS discharges based on their proximity to shoreline households...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Bilal B Mughal, Barbara A Demeneix, Jean-Baptiste Fini
Using in vivo animal model systems for chemical screening can permit evaluation of the signaling pathways implicated. Xenopus laevis is an ideal model organism to test thyroid axis disruption as thyroid hormones are highly conserved across vertebrates. Here, we describe a high-throughput assay using non-feeding embryonic stage transgenic X. laevis (TH/bZip) to screen for thyroid disrupting chemicals using a 3 day exposure protocol. We further describe a protocol to detect endocrine disruption of thyroid axis by the analysis of gene expression using wild-type X...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sarah W Curtis, Karen N Conneely, Mary E Marder, Metrecia L Terrell, Michele Marcus, Alicia K Smith
Endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) are a broad class of chemicals present in many residential products that can disrupt hormone signaling and cause health problems in humans. Multigenerational cohorts, like the Michigan polybrominated biphenyl registry, are ideal for studying the effects of intergenerational exposure. Registry participants report hormone-related health problems, particularly in those exposed before puberty or those in the second generation exposed through placental transfer or breastfeeding...
June 11, 2018: Epigenomics
Linda Dunder, Margareta Halin Lejonklou, Lars Lind, Ulf Risérus, P Monica Lind
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor and also a suggested obesogen and metabolism-disrupting chemical. Accumulating data indicates that the fatty acid (FA) profile and their ratios in plasma and other metabolic tissues are associated with metabolic disorders. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD-1) is a key regulator of lipid metabolism and its activity can be estimated by dividing the FA product by its precursor measured in blood or other tissues. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-dose developmental BPA exposure on tissue-specific FA composition including estimated SCD-1 activity, studied in 5- and 52-week (wk)-old Fischer 344 (F344) rat offspring...
June 6, 2018: Environmental Research
Burcin Sanlidag, Ceyhun Dalkan, Osman Yetkin, Nerin N Bahçeciler
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical compound that is mainly used in industrial products as packaging and plastics. It usually transmits to humans via oral route from food-contact material. BPA has demonstrated to be found in body fluids with a higher amount of fetal tissues due to bio-accumulation. Although it has been reported to affect the endocrine system, results on thyroid functions of newborns are conflicting. The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the effect of different levels of BPA in cord blood on the thyroid functions of newborns, according to gender...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Carolina Monteiro de Lemos Barbosa, Fernanda Magalhães Ferrão, Jones B Graceli
Organotin compounds (OTs) are synthetic persistent organometallic xenobiotics widely used in several commercial applications. They exert well-described harmful effects in brain, liver, adipose tissue, and reproductive organs, as they are endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), but the effects in the kidneys are less known. The kidneys are especially vulnerable to environmental contaminants because they are a metabolizing site of xenobiotics, therefore, pollutants can accumulate in renal tissue, leading to impaired renal function and to several renal abnormalities...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Philippa D Darbre
Over recent years, many environmental pollutant chemicals have been shown to possess the ability to interfere in the functioning of the endocrine system and have been termed endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). These compounds exist in air as volatile or semi-volatile compounds in the gas phase or attached to particulate matter. They include components of plastics (phthalates, bisphenol A), components of consumer goods (parabens, triclosan, alkylphenols, fragrance compounds, organobromine flame retardants, fluorosurfactants), industrial chemicals (polychlorinated biphenyls), products of combustion (polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/furans, polyaromatic hydrocarbons), pesticides, herbicides, and some metals...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Ram Chandra, Pooja Sharma, Sangeeta Yadav, Sonam Tripathi
Effluent discharged from the pulp and paper industry contains various refractory and androgenic compounds, even after secondary treatment by activated processes. Detailed knowledge is not yet available regarding the properties of organic pollutants and methods for their bioremediation. This study focused on detecting residual organic pollutants of pulp and paper mill effluent after biological treatment and assessing their degradability by biostimulation. The major compounds identified in the effluent were 2,3,6-trimethylphenol, 2-methoxyphenol (guaiacol), 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (syringol), methoxycinnamic acid, pentadecane, octadecanoic acid, trimethylsilyl ester, cyclotetracosane, 5,8-dimethoxy-6-methyl-2,4-bis(phenylmethyl)napthalen-1-ol, and 1,2-benzendicarboxylic acid diisononyl ester...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Maria Elisabeth Street, Sabrina Angelini, Sergio Bernasconi, Ernesto Burgio, Alessandra Cassio, Cecilia Catellani, Francesca Cirillo, Annalisa Deodati, Enrica Fabbrizi, Vassilios Fanos, Giancarlo Gargano, Enzo Grossi, Lorenzo Iughetti, Pietro Lazzeroni, Alberto Mantovani, Lucia Migliore, Paola Palanza, Giancarlo Panzica, Anna Maria Papini, Stefano Parmigiani, Barbara Predieri, Chiara Sartori, Gabriele Tridenti, Sergio Amarri
Wildlife has often presented and suggested the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Animal studies have given us an important opportunity to understand the mechanisms of action of many chemicals on the endocrine system and on neurodevelopment and behaviour, and to evaluate the effects of doses, time and duration of exposure. Although results are sometimes conflicting because of confounding factors, epidemiological studies in humans suggest effects of EDCs on prenatal growth, thyroid function, glucose metabolism and obesity, puberty, fertility, and on carcinogenesis mainly through epigenetic mechanisms...
June 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Chun Ming How, Shang-Wei Li, Vivian Hsiu-Chuan Liao
Triadimenol, an agricultural fungicide, is an emerging environmental concern due to its wide usage, detection in the environment, and its chemical persistency. Triadimenol has been found to disrupt endocrine signaling and alter function of several transcription factors, yet its age-related toxicity effects remain unclear. This study used Caenorhabditis elegans as an in vivo model organism to elucidate the age-related effects of triadimenol and its underlying mechanisms. The results showed that chronic exposure to triadimenol at environmentally relevant concentrations (3, 30, and 300 μg/L) adversely affected several toxicity endpoints including growth, total brood size, and locomotive behaviors...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Bassem M Shoucri, Victor T Hung, Raquel Chamorro-García, Toshi Shioda, Bruce Blumberg
Early life exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is an emerging risk factor for the development of obesity and diabetes later in life. We previously showed that prenatal exposure to the EDC tributyltin (TBT) results in increased adiposity in the offspring. These effects linger into adulthood and are propagated through successive generations. TBT activates two nuclear receptors, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and its heterodimeric partner retinoid X receptor (RXR), that promote adipogenesis in vivo and in vitro...
May 31, 2018: Endocrinology
Jana M Weiss, Åsa Gustafsson, Per Gerde, Åke Bergman, Christian H Lindh, Annette M Krais
Phthalate esters, suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals, are used in a wide range of applications. Because phthalate esters are not covalently bound, they can easily leach into the indoor environment and associate to dust particles. Thus, exposure may occur through inhalation, ingestion, or contact with the skin. However, it is unclear to what degree indoor dust contributes to the daily intake of phthalate esters. This study investigates household dust as an exposure pathway for seven phthalate esters, the monoester MEHP, and the plasticizer DINCH...
May 17, 2018: Chemosphere
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