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antibiotics elderly

Elisabetta Nucleo, Mariasofia Caltagirone, Vittoria Mattioni Marchetti, Roberto D'Angelo, Elena Fogato, Massimo Confalonieri, Camilla Reboli, Albert March, Ferisa Sleghel, Gertrud Soelva, Elisabetta Pagani, Richard Aschbacher, Roberta Migliavacca, Laura Pagani
Background: Rationale and aims of the study were to compare colonization frequencies with MDR bacteria isolated from LTCF residents in three different Northern Italian regions, to investigate risk factors for colonization and the genotypic characteristics of isolates. The screening included Enterobacteriaceae expressing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESβLs) and high-level AmpC cephalosporinases, carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae , Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Acinetobacter baumannii , methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Katsutoshi Ando, Masaki Ishii, Akihiko Yonenaga, Koji Shibasaki, Yasuhiro Yamaguchi, Tomohiko Urano, Sumito Ogawa, Masahiro Akishita
We report the case of an 82-year-old woman who developed pneumothorax during treatment for nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM). In year X, she was diagnosed with NTM at another hospital after abnormalities were pointed out on a chest X-ray. She received no treatment for NTM at that time. Antibiotic treatment was introduced at the department of respiratory medicine in our hospital in year X+15. The regimen was composed of clarithromycin (800 mg/day), ethambutol (750 mg/day) and rifampicin (600 mg/day); however, treatment with the three-drug antibiotic regimen was canceled at her request and changed to erythromycin...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Paola Di Carlo, Nicola Serra, Gaspare Gulotta, Anna Giammanco, Claudia Colomba, Giuseppina Melfa, Teresa Fasciana, Consolato Sergi
Bile is a lipid-rich sterile solution produced in the liver that can be infected resulting in bactibilia. A higher incidence of postoperative infectious complications has been seen in patients with bactibilia. Recently, gram-negative bacteria have been linked to a tumor-associated inflammatory status. This study is a retrospective cohort study of 39 patients, who are over 80 years of age only (53.85% males and 46.15% females), hospitalized with diseases of the biliopancreatic system in one teaching hospital in Italy from January 2011 to December 2012 with a follow-up of 5 years...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
David R M Smith, F Christiaan K Dolk, Timo Smieszek, Julie V Robotham, Koen B Pouwels
OBJECTIVES: To explore the causes of the gender gap in antibiotic prescribing, and to determine whether women are more likely than men to receive an antibiotic prescription per consultation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of routinely collected electronic medical records from The Health Improvement Network (THIN). SETTING: English primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who consulted general practices registered with THIN between 2013 and 2015...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Kareem Osman, Sanket Srinivasa, Jonathan Koea
AIM: Historically, liver abscesses (LA) affected elderly, immunocompromised patients and were characterised by high morbidity and mortality, however there are no data pertaining to a New Zealand population with little information surrounding recent management trends. METHODS: A retrospective review of demographic characteristics, clinical management and microbiological data on patients presenting with liver abscess between 2005-2014 was conducted. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients [37 males, median age 64 (range 15-87)] presented with LA and most patients were not comorbid...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Larisa M Lehmer, Gabriel E Ulibarri, Bruce D Ragsdale, James Kunkle
Soil and freshwater-dwelling amoebae may opportunistically infect the skin and evoke a granulomatous dermatitis that camouflages their underlying morphology. Amoebic infestations are incredibly rare in the U.S., predominantly occurring in the young, elderly, and immunocompromised. Sadly, because diagnosis is difficult and unsuspected, most cases are diagnosed at autopsy. The following case is of a healthy 84-year-old man with a non-healing nodulo-ulcerative cutaneous lesion on his left forearm that appeared following a gardening injury...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Haakon Karlsen, Tao Dong, Zhenhe Suo
The high prevalence of urinary tract infection in aging adults is a challenging aspect of geriatric care. Incontinence and cognitive/functional impairment make collection of urine samples difficult and often require either catheterization for sample collection, which is a risk factor for infections, or more lenient criteria for initiating antibiotic treatment. We report the development of a diaper inlay with absorbent materials, superabsorbent polymer-based valve and chemical reaction pads for rapid screening of urinary tract infection of incontinent diaper-wearing elderly receivers of home care services...
February 20, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Ruiling Zhang, Jiying Pei, Ruijie Zhang, Shaopeng Wang, Weibin Zeng, Dali Huang, Yi Wang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yinghui Wang, Kefu Yu
The occurrence, distribution, bioconcentration and diet safety via seafood consumption of 19 antibiotics were investigated in eight closed mariculture ponds, four estuaries, two nearshore areas and one offshore area from the Beibu Gulf. Seventeen, 16, 15 and 7 antibiotics were detected at total concentrations of 43.2 - 885 ng L -1 , 22.4 - 118 ng L -1 , 22.7 - 24.5 ng L -1 , and 1.81-3.23 ng L -1 in the water of the above different areas, respectively. This indicates that the mariculture ponds are important sources of antibiotic pollution on the coast of the Beibu Gulf...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
J Remon, N Vilariño, N Reguart
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been incorporated in the treatment strategy of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Beyond the already approved indications in first- and second-line setting of advanced NSCLC, new data has recently emerged demonstrating its efficacy in locally advanced disease as maintenance after chemo-radiotherapy and currently several trials are also exploring its efficacy in earlier stages of the disease to evaluate whether these results could be extrapolated to the adjuvant setting...
February 8, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Anshu Shrivastav, Alexander N Dabrowski, Claudia Conrad, Nelli Baal, Holger Hackstein, Stephanie Plog, Kristina Dietert, Achim D Gruber, Philippe D N'Guessan, Sahar Aly, Norbert Suttorp, Janine Zahlten
Pneumococci frequently cause community-acquired pneumonia, a disease with high mortality rates, particularly in young children and in the elderly. Endogenous antimicrobial peptides and proteins such as PGLYRP3 may contribute to the progression and outcome of this disease. Since increasing antibiotic resistant strains occur all over the world, these endogenous antimicrobial molecules are interesting new targets for future therapies. In this study, the expression pattern of PGLYRP3 was analyzed in alveolar epithelial cells, alveolar macrophages and neutrophils...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Razia Awan, Haider Ghazanfar, Karen A Martes Pena, Rafi I Farkhad
Chondrocalcinosis is a common arthritic disorder among elderly patients. We present a case of a 71-year-old woman presenting with an acute episode of the left forearm with hand swelling. A provisional diagnosis of cellulitis was made and the patient was started on intravenous antibiotics. The patient's condition did not improve. Joint aspiration of the wrist joint was done and showed positive birefringent rhomboid-shaped crystals. A final diagnosis of acute chondrocalcinosis was made.
December 6, 2017: Curēus
Naoya Miyashita, Yasuhiro Yamauchi
Bacterial pneumonia is one of the most important infectious diseases in terms of incidence, effect on quality of life, mortality, and impact on society. Pneumonia was the third leading cause of death in Japan in 2011. In 2016, 119 650 Japanese people died of pneumonia, 96% of whom were aged 65 years and above. The symptoms of pneumonia in elderly people are often atypical. Aspiration pneumonia is seen more frequently than in young people because of swallowing dysfunction in the elderly. The mortality rate is also higher in the elderly than in young people...
2018: Japanese Clinical Medicine
Cédric Dananché, Philippe Vanhems, Anaïs Machut, Martine Aupée, Caroline Bervas, François L'Hériteau, Alain Lepape, Jean-Christophe Lucet, Vincent Stoeckel, Jean-François Timsit, Anne Berger-Carbonne, Anne Savey, Thomas Bénet
OBJECTIVES: To assess trends and risk factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia according to age, particularly in the elderly admitted to French ICUs between 2007 and 2014. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective French national Healthcare-Associated Infection surveillance network of ICUs ("Réseau REA-Raisin"). SETTINGS: Two-hundred fifty six ICUs in 246 settings in France. PATIENTS: Included were all adult patients hospitalized greater than or equal to 48 hours in ICUs participating in the network...
February 9, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Y Zhang, S J Deng, Z Q Wang, J W Ding, X G Sun
Objective: To analyze the etiology and drug sensitivity of lacrimal canaliculitis. Methods: Retrospective study of case series. The general information, culture results and drug sensitivity results of 52 patients (including 10 males and 42 females with an average age of 60.3 years) clinically diagnosed with lacrimal canaliculitis during 2011 and 2016 at Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University have been analyzed. The enumeration data have been tested with Chi-square method. Results: The positive rate of bacterial culture was 78...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Menyfah Q Alanazi, Fulwah Y Alqahtani, Fadilah S Aleanizy
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTIS) is a common infectious disease in which level of antimicrobial resistance are alarming worldwide. Therefore, this study aims to describe the prevalence and the resistance pattern of the main bacteria responsible for UTIS Escherichia coli (E. coli). METHODS: Retrospective chart review for patients admitted to emergency department and diagnosed with UTIS at KAMC, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January to March 2008 was performed...
February 9, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Gabriella Mallia, Jane Van Toen, Joyce Rousseau, Latha Jacob, Patrick Boerlin, Amy Greer, Devon Metcalf, JScott Weese
BACKGROUND: While Clostridium difficile has been extensively studied in acute care facilities (ACFs), there is limited information about long-term care facilities (LTCFs), despite the high occurrence of putative risk factors (e.g. age, antimicrobial use, healthcare system contact). AIM: To evaluate C. difficile colonization in elderly patients and residents from ACF and its associated LTCF. METHODS: Stool swabs were collected from 884 LTCF and elderly (>65 years) hospital patients...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
Sunjoo Kim, Jung Hyun Byun, Hyunwoong Park, Jaehyeon Lee, Hye Soo Lee, Haruno Yoshida, Akiyoshi Shibayama, Tomohiro Fujita, Yuzo Tsuyuki, Takashi Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The molecular characterization of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) has not yet been performed in Korea. This study aimed to find the differences or similarities in the clinical features, molecular epidemiological findings, and antimicrobial resistance patterns of SDSE from two countries (Korea and Japan). METHODS: SDSE isolates were collected from Korea (N=69) from 2012-2016 and Japan (N=71) from 2014-2016. Clinical characteristics, emm genotypes, and sequence types (STs) were compared...
May 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
Joseph J Ruzbarsky, Elizabeth B Gausden, Elan M Goldwyn, Isaac P Lowenwirt, Vitaly Kotlyar
Background: Early surgical intervention for hip fractures in the elderly has proven efficacious. However, surgical delays commonly occur in this patient population due to comorbid conditions that put these patients at a high risk for hypotension-related complications of general or neuraxial anesthesia or anticoagulants that delay the safe use of neuraxial anesthesia. Questions/Purposes: The questions/purposes of this study are (1) to investigate if a fascia iliaca block in conjunction with light to moderate sedation could provide adequate analgesia throughout open surgery for intertrochanteric hip fractures (AO/OTA 31-1) without requiring conversion to general anesthesia with airway support and (2) to assess its perioperative complication profile...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Lihua Deng, Rong Jia, Wei Li, Qian Xue, Jie Liu, Yide Miao, Jingtong Wang
RATIONALE: Rhabdomyolysis is a well-known syndrome in clinical practice, although rhabdomyolysis caused by a liver abscess is rarely reported and the patient may lack symptoms that are associated with a primary site of infection. Early recognition of this possibility is needed to avoid diagnostic delay and facilitate treatment. We report the case of a 71-year-old woman with a Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) pyogenic liver abscess who presented with myasthenia and tea-colored urine and also review the 77 reported cases of bacterial rhabdomyolysis...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Philipp Kapp, Wolfgang Meier, Roland Reinehr
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS:  We report on the case of an elderly patient with persisting diarrhea. Few weeks previous of admission the patient had received antibiotic therapy because of respiratory infection. On admission he seemed exsiccated and feeble. EXAMINATIONS:  Macroscopic findings in colonoscopy showed proctosigmoiditis and membranous exsudations. Stool culture provided the evidence for an antibiotic-associated infection with pseudomonas aeruginosa...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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