keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antibiotics elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820897/persistent-infection-due-to-a-small-colony-variant-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-leads-to-pd-1-upregulation-on-circulating-immune-cells-and-mononuclear-infiltration-in-viscera-of-experimental-balb-c-mice
#1
Jia-Xiang See, Samudi Chandramathi, Mahmood Ameen Abdulla, Jamuna Vadivelu, Esaki M Shankar
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis is a neglected tropical disease endemic across South East Asia and Northern Australia. The etiological agent, Burkholderia pseudomallei (B.pseudomallei), is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium residing in the soil and muddy water across endemic regions of the tropical world. The bacterium is known to cause persistent infections by remaining latent within host cells for prolonged duration. Reactivation of the recrudescent disease often occurs in elders whose immunity wanes...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802826/human-leptospirosis-cases-in-palermo-italy-the-role-of-rodents-and-climate
#2
Maria Vitale, Stefano Agnello, Michele Chetta, Benedetta Amato, Giustina Vitale, Calogero Di Bella, Domenico Vicari, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti
Many regions of the world are increasingly exposed to leptospirosis due to poverty, global warming and high urban density. Here, we report a molecular survey for pathogenic Leptospira spp. in rodents and two symptomatic human cases of leptospirosis in the city of Palermo, Italy. Four rodent species were captured in six areas of the city, and a molecular analysis for pathogenic Leptospira spp. on DNA from the kidney samples showed a different prevalence of leptospirosis in all the species of rodents. In addition, two human cases that occurred in May and October of 2009 in the city were also reported...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795380/peritoneal-dialysis-associated-catheter-infection-caused-by-mycobacterium-abscessus-in-an-elderly-patient-who-was-successfully-treated-with-catheter-removal
#3
Arata Hibi, Takahisa Kasugai, Keisuke Kamiya, Keisuke Kamiya, Chiharu Ito, Satoru Kominato, Ken Mizuguchi, Toshiyuki Miura, Katsushi Koyama
An 89-year-old Japanese man on peritoneal dialysis (PD) was suspected of having a PD-associated catheter infection. He visited the hospital because of the discharge of pus from the exit site of his catheter. Gram staining of the pus showed Gram-positive bacilli, but these were acid-fast bacilli. The rapidly growing nontuberculous mycobacteria, Mycobacterium abscessus, was isolated. PD catheter removal and debridement were immediately performed. The patient received combination antibiotic therapy. His clinical course was good, but he required hemodialysis due to the discontinuation of PD...
August 9, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791071/periorbital-and-mediastinal-emphysema-after-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-case-report-of-a-rare-complication
#4
Thankappan Lekha, Leelakrishnan Venkatakrishnan, Karuppannasamy Divya, Perumal Lavanya
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of periorbital emphysema concurrent with cervicofacial and mediastinal emphysema in an elderly woman who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for chronic liver disease. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman with decompensated chronic liver disease presented with features of periorbital, facial, and mediastinal emphysema, characterized with crepitant swelling over the right periorbital area, face, neck, and mediastinum after undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780720/evaluation-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-fermented-plant-products-for-antagonistic-activity-against-urinary-tract-pathogen-staphylococcus-saprophyticus
#5
Cheng-Chih Tsai, Tzu-Min Lai, Pei-Pei Lin, You-Miin Hsieh
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common infectious diseases in infants and the elderly; they are also the most common among nosocomial infections. The treatment of UTIs usually involves a short-term course of antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to identify the strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) that can inhibit the urinary tract pathogen Staphylococcus saprophyticus, as alternatives to antibiotics. In this study, we collected 370 LAB strains from fermented plant products and reference strains from the Bioresources Collection and Research Center (BCRC)...
August 5, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768257/autoimmunity-in-the-elderly-insights-from-basic-science-and-clinics-a-mini-review
#6
Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Elias Toubi, Bat-Sheva Porat, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Advancements in the field of biomedicine, including the control of infectious diseases through antibiotics and vaccination practices and the prevention of chronic disorders, have led to reduced mortality, increased life expectancy and, as such, growth of the older population. Ageing is accompanied by profound morphological and physiological alterations. In particular, the immune system undergoes a complex series of remodeling/restructuring events, involving almost all compartments - both the innate and the adaptive system...
July 29, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762620/a-case-of-chediak-higashi-syndrome-presented-with-accelerated-phase-could-be-treated-effectively-by-unrelated-cord-blood-transplantation
#7
Yan Zhang, Zhiyong Gao, Xinjian Yu
CHS is a rare immunodeficiency syndrome with defects in the functions of cytotoxic cells and neutrophils. Approximately 85% of patients with CHS undergo an AP within the first decade, which is similar to FHLH. Chemotherapy could induce transient remission, but only allogeneic HCT could correct the underlying genetic defect and prevent relapse. We reported a case of CHS diagnosed at 19 months, who had an elder brother who had previously succumbed to the same disease. The little girl presented with severe AP manifestations including recurrent high fever, enlarged superficial lymph nodes, and extraordinary hepatosplenomegaly occupying the whole abdominal and pelvic cavity...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756939/bacteriology-of-peritonsillar-abscess-the-changing-trend-and-predisposing-factors
#8
Yi-Wen Tsai, Yu-Hsi Liu, Hsing-Hao Su
INTRODUCTION: Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is the most common deep neck infection. The infectious microorganism may be different according to clinical factors. OBJECTIVE: To identify the major causative pathogen of peritonsillar abscess and investigate the relationship between the causative pathogen, host clinical factors, and hospitalization duration. METHODS: This retrospective study included 415 hospitalized patients diagnosed with peritonsillar abscess who were admitted to a tertiary medical center from June 1990 to June 2013...
July 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754533/benefits-and-harms-of-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-by-the-european-association-of-urology-urological-infection-guidelines-panel
#9
Bela Köves, Tommaso Cai, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Robert Pickard, Thomas Seisen, Thomas B Lam, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Franck Bruyere, Florian Wagenlehner, Riccardo Bartoletti, Suzanne E Geerlings, Adrian Pilatz, Benjamin Pradere, Fabian Hofmann, Gernot Bonkat, Björn Wullt
People with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) are often unnecessarily treated with antibiotics risking adverse effects and antimicrobial resistance. We performed a systematic review to determine any benefits and harms of treating ABU in particular patient groups. Relevant databases were searched and eligible trials were assessed for risk-of-bias and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Education quality. Where possible, a meta-analysis of extracted data was performed or a narrative synthesis of the evidence was presented...
July 25, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748440/pharmaceuticals-released-from-senior-residences-occurrence-and-risk-evaluation
#10
Silvia Lacorte, Silvia Luis, Cristian Gómez-Canela, Teresa Sala-Comorera, Audrey Courtier, Benoit Roig, Ana Maria Oliveira-Brett, Claire Joannis-Cassan, Juan Ignacio Aragonés, Lucia Poggio, Thierry Noguer, Luisa Lima, Carlos Barata, Carole Calas-Blanchard
One of the main pursuits, yet most difficult, in monitoring studies is to identify the sources of environmental pollution. In this study, we have identified health-care facilities from south European countries as an important source of pharmaceuticals in the environment. We have estimated that compounds consumed in by the elderly and released from effluents of senior residences can reach river waters at a concentration higher than 0.01 μg/L, which is the European Medicines Agency (EMA) threshold for risk evaluation of pharmaceuticals in surface waters...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740836/mycotic-aneurysm-with-aortoduodenal-fistula
#11
REVIEW
Bruno Kusznir Vitturi, Amanda Frias, Raphael Sementilli, Marcelo de Castro Jorge Racy, Roberto Augusto Caffaro, Geanete Pozzan
Firstly described in the 19th century by Sir William Osler, the mycotic aneurysm (MA) is a rare entity characterized by an abnormal arterial dilation, which is potentially fatal, and is associated with the infection of the vascular wall. Elderly patients are mostly involved, especially when risk factors like chronic diseases, immunosuppression, neoplasia, and arterial manipulation are associated. The authors report the case of a young male patient diagnosed with an aortic aneurysm of infectious origin in the presence of repeated negative blood cultures...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736259/molecular-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-clostridium-difficile-isolated-from-the-chinese-people-s-liberation-army-general-hospital-in-china
#12
Rui Wang, Hui Xia Chen, Lin Jian Song, Yue Yun Shen, Yan Ping Luo
Clostridium difficile is a gram-positive, spore-forming obligate anaerobe responsible for antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Its virulence is associated with the production of endotoxins A and B and endospores, which can cause symptoms, such as diarrhea, toxic megacolon and pseudomembranous colitis. Given the increasing elderly population and the well-recognized problem of over-prescribing of broad spectrum antibiotics, it is critical to understand molecular epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility in China...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735135/endoscope-assisted-abscess-drainage-secondary-to-endoscope-assisted-tlif-1-year-follow-up
#13
Karthik Madhavan, Steven Shelby Burks, Lee Onn Chieng, Anand Veeravagu, Michael Y Wang
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic discectomy and fusions have been gaining popularity in the recent past and are noted to be safe for its application in elderly population. It involves ultra-small incision for discectomy followed by placement of percutaneous screws in awake patients. Treatment of advanced spinal pathology using endoscope-assisted techniques are challenging. Although not common with endoscopic approach, post-operative infection can be problematic as there are no established guidelines on its management...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729804/a-case-of-tooth-fracture-occurred-upon-medicating-bisphosphonate-for-an-elderly-person-preservation-therapy-and-responses-for-stage-0-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaw
#14
Noriko Suzuki, Hitoshi Oguchi, Yu Yamauchi, Yasuyo Karube, Yukimi Suzuki, Noriyasu Hosoya
This case report aimed to report the progress of preservation therapy and response of symptoms and signs for Stage 0 of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ). A 68-year-old female was recognized having a tooth at the left upper first molar fracture upon medicating bisphosphonate (BP) in 2007. At that time, the extraction of the tooth was an absolute contraindication. Therefore, we performed preservation therapy. We observed the symptoms and signs every month. After 5 months, swelling and redness in the entire first molar tooth were seen and fistula formed partly...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716776/increased-risk-for-thionamide-induced-agranulocytosis-in-elderly-patients-a-case-presentation-and-literature-review
#15
Sumera Bukhari, Muhammad Khan, Naresh Kumar, Vinuta Mohan
Thionamides, such as methimazole and propylthiouracil, are used for the management of hyperthyroidism. Agranulocytosis is a rare adverse effect of thionamides and elderly patients are especially vulnerable. Here we discuss a case of an 80-year-old woman who developed agranulocytosis and pneumonia approximately 4 weeks after starting low dose methimazole therapy. Despite aggressive treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics and granulocyte colony stimulating factor, she developed multiorgan failure and died. Our goals are to identify risk factors common to elderly patients and hopefully improve outcomes in this population when prescribed thionamides...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712673/extract-critical-factors-affecting-the-length-of-hospital-stay-of-pneumonia-patient-by-data-mining-case-study-an-iranian-hospital
#16
Naghmeh Khajehali, Somayeh Alizadeh
MOTIVATION: Pneumonia is a prevalent infection of lower respiratory tract caused by infected lungs. Length of stay (LOS) in hospital is one of the simplest and most important indicators in hospital activity that is used for different purposes. The aim of this study is to explore the important factors affecting the LOS of patients with pneumonia in hospitals. METHODS: The clinical data set for the study were collected from 387 patients in a specialized hospital in Iran between 2009 and 2015...
July 13, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699771/comparative-effectiveness-of-surgery-versus-antibiotics-in-acute-appendicitis-a-systematic-review
#17
Stephanie D Talutis, Frederick Thurston Drake
AIM: To review outcomes of surgical and antibiotic management of acute appendicitis. METHODS: 11 prospective studies comparing surgical versus antibiotic management of acute appendicitis over a 21-year period were reviewed. RESULTS: Antibiotic management is successful in most cases of uncomplicated acute appendicitis. The need for crossover in management and recurrent appendicitis were low among all studies. For those patients who ultimately required surgery, no increased complications were observed...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699240/the-prevalence-of-peripheral-intravenous-cannulae-and-pattern-of-use-a-point-prevalence-in-a-private-hospital-setting
#18
Kelvin Wong, Alannah Cooper, Janie Brown, Leanne Boyd, Michele Levinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence and pattern of use of peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) in hospital wards. BACKGROUND: PIVC are commonly used in acute health care to directly access the bloodstream for the administration of medications, intravenous fluids (IVF) and blood products. PIVC are associated with multiple adverse events including hospital acquired bloodstream infection, thrombophlebitis, and pain/discomfort. Administration of IVF is associated with impaired mobility and nocturia which may increase falls risk in the elderly...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675267/-antimicrobials-some-practical-considerations
#19
Nadine Ngatchou, Véronique Masserey-Bonvin, Niels Gobin, Luc Barberini
Antibiotics are frequently prescribed in hospitalized and in outpatients. We review four important aspects for their daily prescription. In elderly patients, the prescription should take into account changes in the volume of distribution and the usual decline in renal function even in the absence of chronic kidney disease. Particular antibiotics can trigger infection with Clostridium difficile. We discuss actual and novel strategies for its prevention. Renal toxicity of antibiotics includes acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis and crystals obstructing renal tubule, depending on the class of antibiotics...
September 7, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653101/ct-guided-cement-sacroplasty-csp-as-pain-therapy-in-non-dislocated-insufficiency-fractures
#20
Reimer Andresen, Sebastian Radmer, Mathias Wollny, Julian Ramin Andresen, Urs Nissen, Hans-Christof Schober
INTRODUCTION: In elderly patients with reduced bone quality, insufficiency fractures of the sacrum are relatively common and are typically associated with severe disabling pain. The objective of the present study was to examine the feasibility of cement augmentation by CSP, to determine post-interventional leakages and other complications, and to present the outcome of pain over the course of 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 23 patients (20 women and 3 men) with an average age of 81...
June 26, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
keyword
keyword
94080
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"