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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343160/public-school-nursing-practice-in-the-united-states
#1
Mayumi A Willgerodt, Douglas M Brock, Erin D Maughan
School nursing practice has changed dramatically over the past 20 years, yet few nationally representative investigations describing the school nursing workforce have been conducted. The National School Nurse Workforce Study describes the demographic and school nursing practice patterns among self-reported public school nurses and the number and full-time equivalent (FTE) positions of all school nurses in the United States. Using a random sample stratified by public/private, region, school level, and urban/rural status from two large national data sets, we report on weighted survey responses of 1,062 public schools...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330250/the-intersection-of-national-immigration-and-healthcare-policy
#2
Jeffrey Douaiher, Douglas J Inciarte, Edibaldo Silva
Immigration policy and health care policy remain principal undertakings of the federal government. The two have recently been pursued independently in the judicial and legislative arenas. Unbeknownst to many policymakers, however, national immigration policy and health care policy are linked in ways that, if unattended, could undermine the well-being of a significant portion of the US population, specifically medically underserved rural and urban populations. Using current data from a workforce report of the Association of American Colleges and the published literature, we demonstrate the significant impact that contemporary immigration policy directives may have on the number and distribution of international medical graduates who currently provide-and by the year 2025 will provide-a significant portion of primary health care in the United States, especially in underserved small urban and rural communities...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317927/pharmacists-providing-care-in-the-outpatient-setting-through-telemedicine-models-a-narrative-review
#3
Sydney L Littauer, Dave L Dixon, Vimal K Mishra, Evan M Sisson, Teresa M Salgado
Telemedicine refers to the delivery of clinical services using technology that allows two-way, real time, interactive communication between the patient and the clinician at a distant site. Commonly, telemedicine is used to improve access to general and specialty care for patients in rural areas. This review aims to provide an overview of existing telemedicine models involving the delivery of care by pharmacists via telemedicine (including telemonitoring and video, but excluding follow-up telephone calls) and to highlight the main areas of chronic-disease management where these models have been applied...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304835/a-systematic-review-of-clinic-and-community-intervention-to-increase-fecal-testing-for-colorectal-cancer-in-rural-and-low-income-populations-in-the-united-states-how-what-and-when
#4
Melinda M Davis, Michele Freeman, Jackilen Shannon, Gloria D Coronado, Kurt C Stange, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Stephanie B Wheeler, David I Buckley
BACKGROUND: Interventions to improve fecal testing for colorectal cancer (CRC) exist, but are not yet routine practice. We conducted this systematic review to determine how implementation strategies and contextual factors influenced the uptake of interventions to increase Fecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) and Fecal Occult Blood Testing (FOBT) for CRC in rural and low-income populations in the United States. METHODS: We searched Medline and the Cochrane Library from January 1998 through July 2016, and Scopus and clinicaltrials...
January 6, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301567/population-genetic-structure-of-the-culex-pipiens-diptera-culicidae-complex-vectors-of-west-nile-virus-in-five-habitats
#5
Andrea L Joyce, Etienne Melese, Phuong-Thao Ha, Allan Inman
BACKGROUND: The Culex pipiens complex consists of several morphologically similar, closely related species. In the United States, Cx. pipiens L. is distributed North of 39° latitude, while Cx. quinquefasciatus Say occurs South of 36° latitude; a hybrid zone occurs between these two latitudes including in the Central Valley of California. Members of the Cx. pipiens complex and their hybrids are vectors for West Nile virus (WNv). Hybrid offspring of Cx. pipiens and Cx. quinquefasciatus have been found to have enhanced transmission rates of WNv over those of pure populations of each species...
January 4, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300694/availability-and-cost-of-healthy-foods-in-a-large-american-indian-community-in-the-north-central-united-states
#6
Amanda M Fretts, Corrine Huber, Lyle G Best, Marcia O'Leary, Laurel LeBeau, Barbara V Howard, David S Siscovick, Shirley A Beresford
To understand the local food environment in a rural American Indian community, we assessed the availability and price of healthy foods offered at all stores (n = 27) within a 90-mile radius of the town center of a large American Indian reservation. Stores were classified by type, and availability and cost of foods were measured using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores (January-February 2016). Healthy foods were available at most grocery stores (>97%), although the price of foods varied considerably among stores...
January 4, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298407/a-hybrid-form-of-telemedicine-a-unique-way-to-extend-intensive-care-service-to-neonates-in-medically-underserved-areas
#7
Abhishek Makkar, Mike McCoy, Gene Hallford, Marilyn Escobedo, Edgardo Szyld
BACKGROUND: More than 90% of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the United States are in urban areas, denying rural residents' easy NICU access. Telemedicine use for patient contact and management, although studied in adults and children, is understudied in neonates. A hybrid telemedicine system, with 24/7 neonatal nurse practitioner coverage and with a neonatologist physically present 3 days per week and telemedicine coverage the remaining days, was recently implemented at Comanche County Memorial Hospital's (CCMH) Level II NICU...
January 3, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297735/national-assessment-of-quality-programs-in-emergency-medical-services
#8
Michael Redlener, Patrick Olivieri, George T Loo, Kevin Munjal, Michael T Hilton, Katya Trudeau Potkin, Michael Levy, Jeffrey Rabrich, Michael R Gunderson, Sabina A Braithwaite
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to understand the adoption of clinical quality measurement throughout the United States on an EMS agency level, the features of agencies that do participate in quality measurement, and the level of physician involvement. It also aims to barriers to implementing quality improvement initiatives in EMS. METHODS: A 46-question survey was developed to gather agency level data on current quality improvement practices and measurement. The survey was distributed nationally via State EMS Offices to EMS agencies nation-wide using Surveymonkey©...
January 3, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289549/questioning-the-dietary-acculturation-paradox-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-relationship-between-food-and-ethnic-identity-in-a-group-of-mexican-american-women
#9
A Susana Ramírez, Tanya Golash-Boza, Jennifer B Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have described an "acculturation paradox." Increased acculturation to the United States is associated with increased consumption of dietary fat and decreased consumption of fruits/vegetables. OBJECTIVE: To expand understanding of the dietary acculturation paradox, this study examined how bicultural Mexican-American women construct ethnic identity and how these identities and identity-making processes relate to perceptions of health and nutrition...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278840/temporal-and-geospatial-trends-of-pediatric-cancer-incidence-in-nebraska-over-a-24-year-period
#10
P A Farazi, S Watanabe-Galloway, L Westman, B Rettig, P Hunt, R Cammack, J W Sparks, D W Coulter
BACKGROUND: Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) revealed that the incidence of pediatric cancer in Nebraska exceeded the national average during 2009-2013. Further investigation could help understand these patterns. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study investigated pediatric cancer (0-19 years old) age adjusted incidence rates (AAR) in Nebraska using the Nebraska Cancer Registry. SEER AARs were also calculated as a proxy for pediatric cancer incidence in the United States (1990-2013) and compared to the Nebraska data...
December 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278373/risk-assessment-and-implication-of-human-exposure-to-road-dust-heavy-metals-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#11
Ibrahim I Shabbaj, Mansour A Alghamdi, Magdy Shamy, Salwa K Hassan, Musaab M Alsharif, Mamdouh I Khoder
Data dealing with the assessment of heavy metal pollution in road dusts in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and its implication to human health risk of human exposure to heavy metals, are scarce. Road dusts were collected from five different functional areas (traffic areas (TA), parking areas (PA), residential areas (RA), mixed residential commercial areas (MCRA) and suburban areas (SA)) in Jeddah and one in a rural area (RUA) in Hada Al Sham. We aimed to measure the pollution levels of heavy metals and estimate their health risk of human exposure applying risk assessment models described by United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276338/rural-families-use-of-multiple-child-care-arrangements-from-6-to-58-months-and-children-s-kindergarten-behavioral-and-academic-outcomes
#12
Mary E Bratsch-Hines, Irina Mokrova, Lynne Vernon-Feagans
Non-parental child care prior to kindergarten is a normative experience for the majority of children in the United States, with children commonly experiencing multiple arrangements, or more than one concurrent child care arrangement. The experience of multiple arrangements has predominantly been shown to be negatively related to young children's health and behavioral outcomes. The present study examined the use of multiple concurrent arrangements for children in the Family Life Project, a representative sample of families living in six high-poverty rural counties...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274725/geographic-region-and-profit-status-drive-variation-in-hospital-readmission-outcomes-among-inpatient-rehabilitation-facilities-in-the-united-states
#13
Laura Coots Daras, Melvin J Ingber, Anne Deutsch, Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Jennifer Perloff
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there are differences in inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs') all-cause, 30-day post-discharge hospital readmission rates by organizational characteristics and geographic regions. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed Medicare claims and administrative data sources for Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries discharged from all IRFs nationally (N=1,166) in 2013 and 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: We applied specifications for an existing quality measure adopted by CMS for public reporting that assesses all-cause unplanned hospital readmissions for 30 days post-discharge from inpatient rehabilitation...
December 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260475/entities-contribution-to-total-employment-in-china-after-1978-reforms-urban-and-rural-perspective
#14
Thomas Bilaliib Udimal, Zhuang Jincai, Emmanuel Caesar Ayamba, Samuel Mensah Owusu
The paper specifically looks at the rural-urban interaction and contribution of various entities or agents to the total employment in China, rural China, and urban China. The study concentrated on the total employment after 1978 reforms. The paper looked at the 1978-2004 reform and after 2004 reform. It was revealed that 1978-2004 reform hindered the flow of labor from rural to urban but after 2004 reform promoted the flow of labor force from rural to urban China the development, which resulted in a drastic reduction in the rural labor force...
December 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249897/is-it-time-for-a-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-sids-awareness-campaign-community-stakeholders-perceptions-of-sids
#15
Audra Gollenberg, Kim Fendley
Background: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains a leading cause of infant death in the United States and in Virginia, the SIDS rate is higher than the national average. We sought to gauge the perceptions among community-identified stakeholders as to community resource needs to reduce SIDS. Methods: We used snowball sampling to identify important community stakeholders to be interviewed as key informants. A semi-structured interview lasting 45 min-2 hours was delivered to determine resource needs to reduce SIDS, and whether high-risk community members were aware of SIDS risk factors among stakeholders representing a variety of disciplines...
2018: Child care in practice: Northern Ireland journal of multi-disciplinary child care practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241636/urban-rural-differences-in-mortality-for-atrial-fibrillation-hospitalizations-in-the-united-states
#16
Wesley T O'Neal, Pratik B Sandesara, Heval M Kelli, Sanjay Venkatesh, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular outcomes vary between urban and rural hospitals, with worse outcomes in rural settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether in-hospital mortality for hospitalization for atrial fibrillation (AF) varied between urban and rural hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional examination of patients who were hospitalized for AF was performed in the National Inpatient Sample between 2012 and 2014 to compare in-hospital mortality in patients admitted to urban vs rural hospitals...
December 1, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240847/characterizing-hospitalist-practice-and-perceptions-of-critical-care-delivery
#17
Joseph R Sweigart, David Aymond, Alfred Burger, Andy Kelly, Nick Marzano, Thomas McIlraith, Peter Morris, Mark V Williams, Eric M Siegal
BACKGROUND: Intensivist shortages have led to increasing hospitalist involvement in critical care delivery. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the practice of hospitalists practicing in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. DESIGN: Survey of hospital medicine physicians. SETTING: This survey was conducted as a needs assessment for the ongoing efforts of the Critical Care Task Force of the Society of Hospital Medicine Education Committee...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240623/improving-hpv-vaccination-rates-among-young-males-in-rural-areas-of-the-united-states
#18
Nicki Parton Vogel, Susan J Appel, Guyton Winker
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination occurs more frequently among females ages 11 to 18 than their male counterparts. The purpose of this quality improvement project is to identify reasons why parents/guardians either choose or decline HPV immunization and increase rates of vaccination among males ages 11 to 18 in rural areas of the United States.
January 15, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236788/aflatoxin-and-viral-hepatitis-exposures-in-guatemala-molecular-biomarkers-reveal-a-unique-profile-of-risk-factors-in-a-region-of-high-liver-cancer-incidence
#19
Joshua W Smith, Maria F Kroker-Lobos, Mariana Lazo, Alvaro Rivera-Andrade, Patricia A Egner, Heiner Wedemeyer, Olga Torres, Neal D Freedman, Katherine A McGlynn, Eliseo Guallar, John D Groopman, Manuel Ramirez-Zea
Liver cancer is an emerging global health issue, with rising incidence in both the United States and the economically developing world. Although Guatemala experiences the highest rates of this disease in the Western hemisphere and a unique 1:1 distribution in men and women, few studies have focused on this population. Thus, we determined the prevalence and correlates of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) exposure and hepatitis virus infection in Guatemalan adults. Healthy men and women aged ≥40 years (n = 461), residing in five departments of Guatemala, were enrolled in a cross-sectional study from May-October of 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232170/correlates-of-never-testing-for-hiv-among-sexually-active-internet-recruited-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#20
Kimberly M Nelson, David W Pantalone, Kristi E Gamarel, Michael P Carey, Jane M Simoni
In the United States, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite great strides in HIV prevention, including biobehavioral HIV prevention strategies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention, there has been relatively low uptake of these strategies. The success of biobehavioral prevention strategies requires HIV testing but a subset of GBMSM have never been tested. To optimize prevention efforts, we sought to understand the characteristics of GBMSM who report never testing for HIV...
December 12, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
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