keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rural united states

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772881/geographic-access-to-radiation-therapy-facilities-and-disparities-of-early-stage-breast-cancer-treatment
#1
Yan Lin, Michael C Wimberly, Patricia Da Rosa, Joseph Hoover, William F Athas
Few studies of breast cancer treatment have focused on the Northern Plains of the United States, an area with a high mastectomy rate. This study examined the association between geographic access to radiation therapy facilities and receipt of breast cancer treatments among early-stage breast cancer patients in South Dakota. Based on 4,209 early-stage breast cancer patients diagnosed between 2001 and 2012 in South Dakota, the study measured geographic proximity to radiation therapy facilities using the shortest travel time for patients to the closest radiation therapy facility...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#2
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771865/repeat-hiv-testing-by-transmission-risk-group-and-rurality-of-residence-in-north-carolina
#3
Rachael M Billock, Erika Samoff, Anna B Cope, Lynne A Sampson, Christopher B Hurt, Kimberly A Powers
BACKGROUND: Understanding of repeat HIV testing (RHT) is limited and the impact of rural residence as a potential barrier to RHT is unknown. Rural populations are of particular interest in the Southeastern United States because of their disproportionate HIV burden. METHODS: We used HIV surveillance data from publicly funded HIV testing sites in North Carolina (NC) to assess repeat testing by transmission risk group and residential rurality in a retrospective cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769106/peer-mentor-versus-teacher-delivery-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-the-effects-of-bmi-and-daily-activity-protocol-of-a-school-based-group-randomized-controlled-trial-in-appalachia
#4
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757819/job-satisfaction-and-empowerment-of-self-employed-nurse-practitioners-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Catherine Lyden, L Kathleen Sekula, Barbara Higgins, Rick Zoucha
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Self-employed nurse practitioners (NPs) have been part of the American health care landscape since the 1970s, owning practices throughout the United States. The purpose of this study was to explore and measure the 2 characteristics of job satisfaction and empowerment in self-employed NPs practicing within the 50 states and District of Columbia and to explore factors that influence these characteristics. METHODS: A convergent parallel design, mixed methods study, using a survey and semistructured interviews, was completed...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755736/surgical-specialty-and-preoperative-medical-consultation-based-on-commercial-health-insurance-claims
#6
Stephan R Thilen, Alex L Woersching, Anda M Cornea, Elliott Lowy, Edward M Weaver, Miriam M Treggiari
Background: Surgical patients are sometimes referred for preoperative evaluations by consultants in other medical specialties, although consultations are unnecessary for many patients, particularly for healthy patients undergoing low-risk surgeries. Surgical specialty has been shown to predict usage of preoperative consultations. However, evidence is generally limited regarding factors associated with preoperative consultations. This study evaluates surgical specialty and other predictors of preoperative consultations...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755713/a-mobile-multimedia-reminiscence-therapy-application-to-reduce-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-persons-with-alzheimer-s
#7
Danish Imtiaz, Arshia Khan, Adriana Seelye
The goal of this project is to develop a novel and innovative mobile solution to address behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) that occur in individuals with Alzheimer's. BPSD can include agitation, restlessness, aggression, apathy, obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviors, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and wandering. Alzheimer's currently affects 5.4 million adults in the United States and that number is projected to increase to 14 million by 2050. Almost 90% of all affected with AD experience BPSD, resulting in increased healthcare costs, heavier burden on caregivers, poor patient outcomes, early nursing home placement, long-term hospitalizations, and misuse of medications...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754561/an-economic-cost-analysis-of-an-expanding-multi-state-behavioural-telehealth-intervention
#8
Siobhan K Yilmaz, Brady P Horn, Chris Fore, Caroline A Bonham
Introduction In this paper the economic costs associated with a growing, multi-state telepsychiatry intervention serving rural American Indian/Alaska Native populations were compared to costs of travelling to provide/receive in-person treatment. Methods Telepsychiatry costs were calculated using administrative, information-technology, equipment and technology components, and were compared to travel cost models. Both a patient travel and a psychiatrist travel model were estimated utilising ArcGIS software and unit costs gathered from literature and government sources...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754121/early-intervention-services-in-greece-time-to-focus-on-people-at-high-risk
#9
S I Bargiota, V P Bozikas, G Garyfallos, P McGuire
Over the last twenty years, a lot of early intervention services operate worldwide with the aim of offering assistance and promoting the early diagnosis and management, not only of people who experience a first episode of psychosis but also of individuals that are at high risk of developing psychosis. The early intervention services that operate in other countries have been reviewed in correlation with the current status of early intervention services for psychosis in Greece. Early intervention services were first established in Australia, and now hundreds of similar programs exist in Europe, North America and Asia...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754032/opioid-related-mortality-in-rural-america-geographic-heterogeneity-and-intervention-strategies
#10
Khary K Rigg, Shannon M Monnat, Melody N Chavez
Over the last two decades, opioid-related mortality rates have increased dramatically to become a serious public health concern in the United States. Opioid-related mortality has reached epidemic levels in certain rural areas of the U.S., such as Appalachia, New England, and the Mountain West, while remaining relatively low in others, such as the Delta South and Great Plains. Explanations for geographic variation in opioid mortality are unclear, contributing to ineffective policies and interventions. The goal of this article is to summarize the existing literature on the opioid epidemic in the rural U...
May 10, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752698/opioid-use-among-those-who-have-criminal-justice-experience-harm-reduction-strategies-to-lessen-hiv-risk
#11
REVIEW
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, David Cloud, Ernest Drucker, Nickolas Zaller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed the HIV and opioid literature relevant to harm reduction strategies for those with criminal justice experience. RECENT FINDINGS: Opioid use in the United States has risen at an alarming rate recently. This has led to increased numbers of people who inject drugs, placing new populations at risk for HIV, including those who have criminal justice experience. In recent years, there has been a gradual decrease in the number of individuals under the supervision of the criminal justice system...
May 11, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752204/medication-abortion-potential-for-improved-patient-access-through-pharmacies
#12
Sarah Raifman, Megan Orlando, Sally Rafie, Daniel Grossman
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the potential for improving access to early abortion care through pharmacies in the United States. SUMMARY: Despite the growing use of medications to induce termination of early pregnancy, pharmacist involvement in abortion care is currently limited. The Food and Drug Administration's Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) for Mifeprex® (mifepristone 200 mg), the principal drug used in early medication abortion, prohibits the dispensing of the drug by prescription at pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746456/deaths-from-falls-among-persons-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-united-states-2007-2016
#13
Elizabeth Burns, Ramakrishna Kakara
Deaths from unintentional injuries are the seventh leading cause of death among older adults (1), and falls account for the largest percentage of those deaths. Approximately one in four U.S. residents aged ≥65 years (older adults) report falling each year (2), and fall-related emergency department visits are estimated at approximately 3 million per year.* In 2016, a total of 29,668 U.S. residents aged ≥65 years died as the result of a fall (age-adjusted rate†  = 61.6 per 100,000), compared with 18,334 deaths (47...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746453/access-to-syringe-services-programs-kentucky-north-carolina-and-west-virginia-2013-2017
#14
Danae Bixler, Greg Corby-Lee, Scott Proescholdbell, Tina Ramirez, Michael E Kilkenny, Matt LaRocco, Robert Childs, Michael R Brumage, Angela D Settle, Eyasu H Teshale, Alice Asher
The Appalachian region of the United States is experiencing a large increase in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections related to injection drug use (IDU) (1). Syringe services programs (SSPs) providing sufficient access to safe injection equipment can reduce hepatitis C transmission by 56%; combined SSPs and medication-assisted treatment can reduce transmission by 74% (2). However, access to SSPs has been limited in the United States, especially in rural areas and southern and midwestern states (3). This report describes the expansion of SSPs in Kentucky, North Carolina, and West Virginia during 2013-August 1, 2017...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729838/racial-and-ethnic-discrimination-medical-mistrust-and-satisfaction-with-birth-control-services-among-young-adult-latinas
#15
Lisa P Oakley, S Marie Harvey, Daniel F López-Cevallos
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic discrimination and medical mistrust contribute to disparities in use of and satisfaction with health care services. Previous work examining the influence of discrimination and medical mistrust on health care experiences has focused primarily on African Americans. Despite the finding that Latinas report lower rates of contraceptive use than White women, little is known about the influence of these factors on health care satisfaction, specifically satisfaction with contraceptive services, among Latina women...
May 2, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727292/croi-2018-epidemic-trends-and-advances-in-hiv-prevention
#16
Susan P Buchbinder, Albert Y Liu
At the 2018 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, trends in and risk factors for in HIV infection were highlighted. In the United States, new HIV diagnoses are highest in the South and among African Americans and are increasing in rural areas. Youth remain highly vulnerable to HIV infection globally. The epidemiology of HIV infections among people who inject drugs is changing, with overdose deaths, a major public health concern. Phylogenetics are being used to identify HIV transmission clusters and hotspots, which can inform prevention efforts...
May 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724150/pharmacists-perceptions-of-feasibility-and-development-of-a-weight-management-program-for-implementation-in-community-pharmacies
#17
Yiran Rong, Lori M Ward, Seena Haines, Meagen Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists-directed weight management programs have demonstrated positive impacts. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of developing a community pharmacy-based weight management program by examining pharmacists' perceptions of the implementation of such a program in their practice setting. METHODS: This study employed a cross-sectional online survey design. The respondents were registered community pharmacists in the southeastern United States...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723840/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-surface-waters-and-riverine-sediments-of-the-hooghly-and-brahmaputra-rivers-in-the-eastern-and-northeastern-india
#18
Sanjenbam Nirmala Khuman, Paromita Chakraborty, Alessandra Cincinelli, Daniel Snow, Bhupander Kumar
Sixteen priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) were analyzed in surface waters and riverine sediments of Brahmaputra and Hooghly Rivers, along urban-suburban-rural transects. ∑16 PAHs concentrations were higher in Hooghly riverine sediment (HRS) (Avg, 445 ng g-1 ) than Brahmaputra riverine sediment (BRS) (Avg, 169 ng g-1 ) dominated by 4-ring PAHs. In contrast, PAHs concentrations in surface water of Brahmaputra River (BRW) (Avg, 4...
April 30, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721813/pioneer-baby-suggestions-for-pre-and-postnatal-health-promotion-programs-from-rural-english-and-spanish-speaking-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#19
Lisette T Jacobson, Rosalee Zackula, Michelle L Redmond, Jennifer Duong, Tracie C Collins
In the United States, more than 9 million rural women (15-44 years old) experience limited access and delivery of reproductive healthcare services. Rurality coupled with lower socio-economic status are associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain in-depth information from underserved English- and Spanish-speaking pregnant and postpartum rural women on what they would value in a health promotion program. Three focus group sessions were conducted exploring four domains: (1) physical activity, (2) dietary habits, (3) fetal movement/kick counts, and (4) breastfeeding and other support resources...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706155/the-workforce-shortage-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists-is-it-time-for-a-different-approach
#20
EDITORIAL
Robert L Findling, Ekaterina Stepanova
Psychiatric disorders affect a large number of children around the world. Recent data have reported that approximately 10% to 13% of children have a serious emotional disturbance with significant functional impairment, suggesting that at least 1 in 10 children require mental health services.1,2 Approximately half the adults with mental illness received their diagnosis before 15 years of age3 and close to three fourths of mental health disorders start by the mid-20s.4 Mental illnesses are associated with a large disease burden because these conditions lead to increases in morbidity, mortality, and financial costs...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
94073
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"