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Third molar surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133965/evaluation-of-adjunctive-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Farrokh Farhadi, Hosein Eslami, Alireza Majidi, Vahid Fakhrzadeh, Milad Ghanizadeh, Sahar KhademNeghad
Background and Aim: Wisdom teeth remains impacted in the jaw due to several reasons and surgery of impacted wisdom teeth is one of the most common surgeries in dental clinics. Pain, swelling and trismus are the common complications after this surgery which affect quality of life. In articles, various methods are introduced to control immediate inflammatory-response associated with third-molar surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adjunctive effect of low-level laser Therapy on pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089549/mesiolingual-root-rotation-for-horizontal-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-position-classification-and-surgical-simulation
#2
Zhou-Xi Ye, Chi Yang
Extracting horizontal mandibular 3rd molars face considerable difficulty due to the large bone and adjacent tooth resistances. This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of a novel method-mesiolingual root rotation to extract wisdom teeth of this type. In this study, 73 horizontal teeth extracted using piezosurgery were reviewed and classified based on impaction depth: position I, II, III refers to the highest portion of the crown on a level with upper 1/3, middle 1/3, lower 1/3 of the 2rd molar's root...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075029/radiographic-prediction-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-in-third-molar-surgery
#3
Sergio Uribe
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, relevant dental journals, reference lists of included studies and the World Health Organisation International Clinical Trials Registry.Study selectionStudies evaluating the predictive accuracy of panoramic radiography for postoperative inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury reporting on at least one of the seven signs of IAN injury and providing data to calculate false-positive (FP), true-positive (TP), false-negative (FN) and true-negative (TN) proportions were included.Data extraction and synthesisData were abstracted independently by two reviewers...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072245/impact-of-oral-antibiotics-on-health-related-quality-of-life-after-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-an-observational-study
#4
R O Braimah, K C Ndukwe, J F Owotade, S B Aregbesola
AIM: To compare the impact of antibiotics on health-related quality of life (QoL) outcomes following third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 135 subjects that required surgical extraction of mandibular third molar under local anesthesia and met the inclusion criteria. The subjects were randomized into three study groups of 45 subjects each: Group A - extended amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (GlaxoSmithKline Beecham England), 1 gram pre-operatively and then 625 mg BD for 5 days Group B - prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (GlaxoSmithKline Beecham England) 1 gram pre-operatively only, and Group C - prophylactic levofloxacin 1 gram pre-operatively only...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055570/surgical-and-social-implications-of-extraction-of-mandibular-third-molars-as-a-separate-procedure-before-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy
#5
L Morton, I Downie
In some units, lower wisdom teeth are extracted in a separate procedure before bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO), whereas in others they are removed at the time of the osteotomy. We identified 57 patients who had BSSO at Salisbury Hospital between October 2013 and September 2015, 40 of whom had their wisdom teeth extracted at the same time. The remaining 17 did not have wisdom teeth. Patients who have these teeth extracted as a separate procedure require at least one day off work, which can result in a loss of earnings...
November 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053655/assessment-of-pre-and-postoperative-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-ambulatory-oral-surgery-in-primary-care
#6
E Reyes-Gilabert, L-G Luque-Romero, G Bejarano-Avila, A Garcia-Palma, A Rollon-Mayordomo, P Infante-Cossio
BACKGROUND: To analyze the pre- and postoperative anxiety level in patients undergoing ambulatory oral surgery (AOS) in a primary healthcare center (PHC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective and descriptive clinical study on 45 patients who underwent AOS procedures in the dental clinic of a public PHC of Spain between April and September 2015. Anxiety analysis was carried out with pre- and postoperative anxiety-state (STAI-S), anxiety-trait (STAI-T) and dental anxiety (MDAS) questionnaires...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053650/quality-of-life-after-upper-third-molar-removal-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#7
V Avellaneda-Gimeno, R Figueiredo, E Valmaseda-Castellón
BACKGROUND: Third molar extraction is a very common procedure in Dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and satisfaction of patients undergoing extraction of an upper third molar under local anesthesia. A second objective was to describe the evolution of self-reported pain measured in a visual analogue scale (VAS) in the 7 days after surgery and its relationship with pre- and intraoperative factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study was made...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053647/efficacy-of-different-methods-used-for-dry-socket-prevention-and-risk-factor-analysis-a-systematic-review
#8
M Taberner-Vallverdú, M-Á Sánchez-Garcés, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Dry socket is one of the most common complications that develops after the extraction of a permanent tooth, and its prevention is more effective than its treatment. OBJECTIVES: Analyze the efficacy of different methods used in preventing dry socket in order to decrease its incidence after tooth extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Cochrane and PubMed-MEDLINE database search was conducted with the search terms "dry socket", "prevention", "risk factors", "alveolar osteitis" and "fibrynolitic alveolitis", both individually and using the Boolean operator "AND"...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043245/intentional-partial-odontectomy-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#9
Hyun-Suk Kim, Pil-Young Yun, Young-Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The surgical extraction of the third molar is the most frequently encountered procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery and is related with a variety of complications. This study examined the efficacy of intentional partial odontectomy (IPO) in the third molars which have no periapical lesions and are located near important anatomical structures such as inferior alveolar nerve. METHODS: Seven patients (four males, three females, 39.1 ± 11.6 years), who received IPO to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI), were followed long-term...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038638/a-self-retaining-lingual-flap-guarding-device-during-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar
#10
Yuvaraj Vaithilingam, T S Balaji, Nithin Jude Joseph, Varsha Murthy, Suresh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Lingual nerve damage is one of the common complications following mandibular third molar surgery. On considering the impact of lingual nerve damage on the patient's quality of life, it is necessary to exercise caution to minimize its occurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Although many lingual retractors are available, in this article we describe an indigenously designed lingual retractor for use in mandibular third molar surgery. CONCLUSION: The indigenous lingual retractor described in this article provides advantages like clear access and excellent retention unlike conventional retractors...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038632/evaluation-of-post-surgical-bacteremia-with-use-of-povidone-iodine-and-chlorhexidine-during-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#11
Anil Managutti, Sunita A Managutti, Jigar Patel, Nagaraj Y Puthanakar
BACKGROUND: Microorganisms may invade the blood stream by oral routes through surgical procedures like extractions, fractured teeth and periodontal pockets. The incidence of bacteremia is 70-80 % following tooth extraction, sub gingival scaling and intra ligament injection. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Aim of study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of two topical antimicrobial agents for the prevention of post-surgical bacteremia during mandibular third molar surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038624/comparing-the-efficiency-of-two-different-extraction-techniques-in-removal-of-maxillary-third-molars-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Joseph Edward, Mubarak A Aziz, Arjun Madhu Usha, Jyothi K Narayanan
INTRODUCTION: Extractions are routine procedures in dental surgery. Traditional extraction techniques use a combination of severing the periodontal attachment, luxation with an elevator, and removal with forceps. A new technique of extraction of maxillary third molar is introduced in this study-Joedds technique, which is compared with the conventional technique. METHODS AND MATERIAL: One hundred people were included in the study, the people were divided into two groups by means of simple random sampling...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987483/efficacy-of-adjuvant-laser-therapy-in-reducing-postsurgical-complications-after-the-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-systematic-review-update-and-meta-analysis
#13
Jamie Dawdy, Jillian Halladay, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Ignacio Araya, Nicolas Yanine, Romina Brignardello-Petersen
BACKGROUND: The authors updated a previously published systematic review to assess the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on reducing complications after the removal of impacted mandibular third molars. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched for randomized clinical trials in which the investigators evaluated the efficacy of LLLT compared with that of placebo or no treatment. Two reviewers independently screened studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982352/how-effective-is-collagen-resorbable-membrane-placement-after-partially-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-on-postoperative-morbidity-a-prospective-randomized-comparative-study
#14
Adnan Kilinc, Mert Ataol
BACKGROUND: Collagen membranes have some benefits include promoting wound healing through isolation, clot stabilization, wound stability, and hemostasis, enhancing primary wound coverage through its chemotactic ability to attract fibroblasts, and augmenting flap thickness by providing a collagenous scaffold. The purpose of this study was to compare primary and secondary healing and collagen membrane-based primary healing after surgical removal of partial impacted mandibular third molars, evaluating the incidence of postoperative complications and analyzing the swelling, mouth opening, and pain...
October 5, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955589/the-effects-of-amoxicillin-with-or-without-clavulanic-acid-on-the-postoperative-complaints-after-third-molar-surgery-a-retrospective-chart-analysis
#15
Alparslan Esen
PURPOSE: The aim of this chart-based retrospective study was to evaluate the effects of orally administered amoxicillin alone or amoxicillin combined with clavulanic acid on the frequency of post-operative complications and patients' comfort after mandibular third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of patients who had undergone lower third molar surgery between October 2014 and December 2015 were examined. A total of 62 patients who had fully impacted teeth in mesioangular position and who had been prescribed same type and dose of anti-inflammatory drug were included in this study...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954756/iatrogenic-displacement-of-high-speed-bur-during-third-molar-removal
#16
Jothi Raamahlingam Rajaran, Abd Jabar Nazimi, Rama Krsna Rajandram
Surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar is a routine procedure in oral surgery. Various iatrogenic complications related to the procedure has been discussed well in the literatures before. Some of these complications are related to the wrong usage of instruments and techniques. Here we discuss a rare complication on a 42-year-old male, related to the use of high-speed handpiece drill in mandibular third molar removal in a general dental office setting. He was referred when a high speed tungsten carbide bur was accidentally broken and displaced into the mandibular bone during surgical procedure...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936293/does-the-postoperative-administration-of-antibiotics-reduce-the-symptoms-of-lower-third-molar-removal-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#17
María Martín-Ares, Cristina Barona-Dorado, Natalia Martínez-Rodríguez, Jorge Cortés-Bretón-Brinkmann, Javier Sanz-Alonso, José-María Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: To date there is little scientific evidence that clarifies the therapeutic effect of antibiotics for managing the postoperative symptoms of impacted third molar surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic treatment for reducing non-infectious clinical symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient data was collected from the patients´ medical records and the results were statistically evaluated with SPSS versión 21.0; SPSS, IBM; Chicago, IL, USA)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932049/evaluation-of-two-flap-designs-on-the-mandibular-second-molar-after-third-molar-extractions
#18
Nabeeh A Alqahtani, S Khaleelahmed, Farheen Desai
BACKGROUND: The extraction of third molars is associated with some clinical outcomes and periodontal problems. It is imperative to note that the type of incision used in the surgery for the removal of the impacted third molar is critical. The design of the flap influences the healing of the surgically created defect and damage to the distal periodontal area of the adjacent second molar. However, till date, there have been conflicting reports on the influence of different flap designs used for the surgical removal of impacted third molars...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924526/first-report-of-tripled-retromolar-foramina
#19
Puhan He, Joe Iwanaga, Mindy K Truong, Nimer Adeeb, R Shane Tubbs, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
The retromolar foramen (RMF) is the bony entrance of the retromolar canal, through which a neurovascular bundle runs. It is essential to locate such anatomic variants in a patient in order to avoid complications in surgery, implant placement, or anesthesia of the area. To our knowledge, there has only been one case report of supernumerary RMF, which reported one bilateral doubled retromolar foramina and one doubled left RMF. We present an extremely rare case in which a right triple RMF was observed on cone beam computed tomography in a cadaver...
July 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912943/assessment-of-low-level-laser-therapy-effects-after-extraction-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#20
Shahrokh Raiesian, Mehdi Khani, Kazem Khiabani, Ershad Hemmati, Mohammad Pouretezad
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain, swelling and maximum mouth opening in patients undergoing third molar surgery. Methods: A prospective, randomized double-blind study was undertaken on 44 patients at the Dental School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, in 2015. A low-level laser was randomly applied on one of the two sides after surgery of 15 patients. The experimental side received 18 J/cm(2) of energy density, wavelength of 980 nm, and output power of 1...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
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