Read by QxMD icon Read

Third molar surgery

Raquel González-Martínez, Ma Del Mar Jovani-Sancho, Isidoro Cortell-Ballester
PURPOSE: Our purpose were to determine the influence of psychological profile on hemodynamic changes in patients who undergo surgical removal of the third molars under intravenous sedation and to evaluate the effect on patients' anxiety and postoperative recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 100 patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists classes I and II; aged ≥18 years) seen in the CIMIVClinic (Department of Oral Surgery, Casa de Salud University Hospital, Valencia, Spain) who underwent extractions of all third molars under intravenous sedation...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Paolo Ghensi, Alessandro Cucchi, Luca Creminelli, Cristiano Tomasi, Barbara Zavan, Carlo Maiorana
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of oral administration of bromelain on discomfort after mandibular third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four consecutive patients requiring surgical removal of a single mandibular impacted third molar under local anesthesia were randomly assigned to receiving no drug (control group, Group A), postoperative 40 mg bromelain every 6 hours for 6 days (Group B), preoperative 4 mg dexamethasone sodium phosphate as a submucosal injection (Group C), and preoperative 4 mg dexamethasone sodium phosphate as a submucosal injection plus postoperative 40 mg bromelain every 6 hours for 6 days (Group D)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Saroj Prasad Deo
INTRODUCTION: Third molar surgery (TMS) became a routine, safe office procedure with generally predictable outcomes and relative low cost. It affects quality of life (QOL) of patients by causing considerable pain, swelling and trismus; by changing what people eat, their speech in the first few days after surgery. The purpose of the present study was to improve QOL of patient after lower TMS by injecting single dose 8 mg submucosal dexamethasone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy adult subjects of either gender underwent surgical removal of the lower impacted third molar under local anaesthesia and after being randomly assigned to receive either 8 mg dexamethasone submucosal injection or normal saline injection in proximity to surgical site...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Jeffrey C Posnick, Elbert Choi, Anish Chavda
PURPOSE: Frequency estimates of surgical site infection (SSI) after orthognathic surgery vary considerably. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and site of SSIs and associated risk factors after bimaxillary orthognathic, osseous genioplasty, and intranasal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors executed a retrospective cohort study of patients with a bimaxillary developmental dentofacial deformity (DFD) and symptomatic chronic obstructive nasal breathing...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
G Monaco, S Cecchini, M R Gatto, G A Pelliccioni
The onset of delayed infection after lower third molar germectomy is influenced by the amount of distal space. This retrospective study aimed to determine whether the incidence of delayed onset infection is related to the space distal to the second molar. The ratio between the distal space and the crown width, measured according to the Ganss protocol on panoramic radiographs, was obtained for 218 surgical germectomies performed for orthodontic reasons in 134 patients. A delayed onset infection occurred following 20 germectomies at between 2 and 8 weeks after surgery; purulent exudates from the alveolus and swelling were present...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Elisabetta Vignudelli, Giuseppe Monaco, Maria Rosaria Antonella Gatto, Simonetta Franco, Claudio Marchetti, Giuseppe Corinaldesi
PURPOSE: Coronectomy of mandibular third molars is a procedure that still raises a number of questions. The aim of the present study was to answer one unsolved question: the periodontal healing distal to the mandibular second molar after third molar coronectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed of 30 patients treated at the Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Science of the University of Bologna...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Prasad S Varun, P Elavenil, Raja V B Krishnakumar, Gopi Gayathri
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of topical ozone administration on patient comfort after third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was designed involving patients who required removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. The predictor variable was the postoperative medication used after third molar surgery. Using the split-mouth design, the study group received topical ozone without postoperative systemic antibiotics, whereas the control group did not receive ozone but only systemic antibiotics...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
F Costantinides, M Biasotto, M Maglione, R Di Lenarda
The choice of the anaesthetic modality is one of the primary steps during planning of third molar surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the risk of developing neurological injures of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and lingual nerve (LN) in patients treated for wisdom teeth removal under general anaesthesia (GA) with a group treated under local anaesthesia (LA). _Material and Methods: This is an observational retrospective, unicentric study; between September 2013 and September 2014, 534 patients underwent third molar surgery, 194 (36,3%) under GA and 340 (63,7%) under LA by the same oral surgeon...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
W R Pires, J P Bonardi, L P Faverani, G A C Momesso, X M J P Muñoz, A F M Silva, S R Panzarini, A P F Bassi, D Ponzoni
Factors associated with the diagnosis, aetiology, and treatment of mandibular fractures occurring during the postoperative period following the removal of a lower third molar are discussed. The following databases were searched using specific key words: PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Embase, and Scopus. The search yielded 124 cases. Sex, age, side, tooth position and angulation, bone impaction, relationship between the tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve, local pathological conditions, aetiology of the fracture, symptomatology, and time between surgery and fracture, as well as any displacement of the fracture and the treatment of the fracture, were evaluated...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Nadia Cocero, Marta Bezzi, Silvia Martini, Stefano Carossa
PURPOSE: Cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation require eradication of infectious oral foci to prevent septic episodes after transplantation; however, cirrhosis can hinder hemostasis and can result in severe bleeding. The present study assessed the bleeding risk factors connected with the clinical history of these patients and the characteristics of the extractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 1183 extractions in 318 patients, including 47 with severe end-stage liver disease who were outside of our intention-to-treat bracket (ie, platelet count [PLT] >40 × 10(3)/μL and international normalized ratio [INR] <2...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ramasamy Chidambaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Pedro Christian Aravena, Felipe Delgado, Hugo Olave, Carolina Ulloa-Marin, Francisco Perez-Rojas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the perception of the quality of life in oral health based on the Health-Related Quality of Life instrument in its Spanish version (HRQOL-sp) in Chilean patients with third molar extraction surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study. The HRQOL-sp was administered to dental patients at the Public Hospital in Rio Bueno in southern Chile treated for unilateral third molar extraction between March and June 2014. The instrument was applied by phone survey on the first, third, fifth, and seventh days after surgery...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
V Toedtling, P Coulthard, G Thackray
Objectives The objectives of the prospective study were to establish the prevalence of distal caries (DC) in the mandibular second molar and to assess the outcomes of these diseased teeth in our population. Further aims were to identify associated risk factors and to design a protocol for prevention.Methods Clinical and radiographic data from 210 consecutive patients were ascertained over a three-month period. The sample population included all patients who had been referred to a hospital oral surgery department for a lower wisdom tooth assessment...
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
Edin Selimović, Lejla Ibrahimagić-Šeper, Ibrahim Šišić, Suad Sivić, Senad Huseinagić
Aim To assess prevention and reduction of trismus after surgically extracted impacted mandibular third molars with individual and combined therapy with corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory analgesics. Methods The research included 60 randomly selected patients (3 groups) attended to the Dental Oral Surgery of the Public Institution Healthcare Center Zenica during the period January-December 2008. Patients of both genders, 18-45 years of age, were presented without pain and other inflammatory symptoms at the time of surgery...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
Korosh Roshanghias, Andre Peisker, Jörg Olaf Zieron
Wisdom tooth operations are sometimes accompanied by complications. This case report shows complications during upper jaw third molar removal. Expectable problems during oral surgery should be planned to be solved in advance. Displacement of the third molar during oral surgeries as a considerable complication is rarely discussed scientifically. A good design of flap, adequate power for extraction, and clear view on the surgical field are crucial. Three-dimensional radiographic diagnostics in terms of cone beam computed tomography is helpful after tooth displacement into the infratemporal fossa...
July 2016: Dental Research Journal
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Erika do Socorro Ramos Costa, Antônio Carlos Quintão Medeiros, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos Pereira
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastomas are rarely found in pregnant women, with only two cases reported in the scientific literature. We report the first case of ameloblastoma in a pregnant woman in Brazil. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old white woman, 12-weeks pregnant, presented with a large mass in her right posterior mandible. Panoramic radiography revealed a lesion involving her mandibular right first molar with displacement of her mandibular right third molar and impairment of the mandibular bone base...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ashraf I Shaweesh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at providing the first standards on the timing of third molar eruption in Jordanians. METHODS: A total of 571 healthy Jordanian adolescents and young adults aged 15-27 years (275 males and 296 females distributed into one-year age groups) were clinically examined for third molar eruption. Presence of four clinical eruption stages from crown emergence to full eruption were counted and expressed each as a frequency relative to the total of participants within a given age group...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Hélio Sampaio-Filho, Juliane Sotto-Ramos, Erika Horácio Pinto, Marcia Regina Cabral, Priscila Larcher Longo, Isabel Peixoto Tortamano, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Daniela Fátima Teixeira Silva, Christine Pavani, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
BACKGROUND: A comfortable postoperative return to daily activities has increased the need to control inflammation after third molar surgery. Anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics are not exempt from adverse effects such as allergies and chronic gastritis, and they are not without cost. The association between low-level laser and auricular acupuncture can be an alternative when conventional drugs are contraindicated. Among its advantages, we can mention the low risk of side effects, low cost and simplicity of application...
2016: Trials
Marco Bucci, Andrea Borgonovo, Albino Bianchi, Anna Zanellato, Dino Re
BACKGROUND: Suture is the surgical final act in most of oral surgery's procedures. Quality of advisable healing after the operation depends on its efficiency. Suture must not be cause of inflammation, both in direct way and indirect. The objective of this study is to compare the bacterial colonization on different suture's materials after a third molar's extraction. METHODS: 30 patients were randomly selected among people going under third molar extraction; they were divided into 3 groups and one suture type was used on each group...
September 1, 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
Hossein Ghaeminia, John Perry, Marloes E L Nienhuijs, Verena Toedtling, Marcia Tummers, Theo J M Hoppenreijs, Wil J M Van der Sanden, Theodorus G Mettes
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic removal of asymptomatic disease-free impacted wisdom teeth is surgical removal of wisdom teeth in the absence of symptoms and with no evidence of local disease. Impacted wisdom teeth may be associated with pathological changes, such as pericoronitis, root resorption, gum and alveolar bone disease (periodontitis), caries and the development of cysts and tumours. When surgical removal is carried out in older people, the risk of postoperative complications, pain and discomfort is increased...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"