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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493984/nasal-airway-epithelial-cell-il-6-and-fkbp51-gene-expression-and-steroid-sensitivity-in-asthmatic-children
#1
Michael Fayon, Aurelie Lacoste-Rodrigues, Pascal Barat, Jean-Christophe Helbling, Fabienne Nacka, Patrick Berger, Marie-Pierre Moisan, Jean-Benoit Corcuff
BACKGROUND: Many asthmatic patients exhibit uncontrolled asthma despite high-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). Airway epithelial cells (AEC) have distinct activation profiles that can influence ICS response. OBJECTIVES: A pilot study to identify gene expression markers of AEC dysfunction and markers of corticosteroid sensitivity in asthmatic and non-asthmatic control children, for comparison with published reports in adults. METHODS: AEC were obtained by nasal brushings and primary submerged cultures, and incubated in control conditions or in the presence of 10 ng/ml TNFalpha, 10-8M dexamethasone, or both...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487704/a-combined-comparative-transcriptomic-metabolomic-and-anatomical-analyses-of-two-key-domestication-traits-pod-dehiscence-and-seed-dormancy-in-pea-pisum-sp
#2
Iveta Hradilová, Oldřich Trněný, Markéta Válková, Monika Cechová, Anna Janská, Lenka Prokešová, Khan Aamir, Nicolas Krezdorn, Björn Rotter, Peter Winter, Rajeev K Varshney, Aleš Soukup, Petr Bednář, Pavel Hanáček, Petr Smýkal
The origin of the agriculture was one of the turning points in human history, and a central part of this was the evolution of new plant forms, domesticated crops. Seed dispersal and germination are two key traits which have been selected to facilitate cultivation and harvesting of crops. The objective of this study was to analyze anatomical structure of seed coat and pod, identify metabolic compounds associated with water-impermeable seed coat and differentially expressed genes involved in pea seed dormancy and pod dehiscence...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485920/bacterial-outer-membrane-porins-as-electrostatic-nanosieves-exploring-transport-rules-of-small-polar-molecules
#3
Harsha Bajaj, Silvia Acosta Gutierrez, Igor Bodrenko, Giuliano Malloci, Mariano Andrea Scorciapino, Mathias Winterhalter, Matteo Ceccarelli
Transport of molecules through biological membranes is a fundamental process in biology, facilitated by selective channels and general pores. The architecture of some outer membrane pores in Gram-negative bacteria, common to other eukaryotic pores, suggests them as prototypes of electrostatically regulated nanosieve devices. In this study, we sensed the internal electrostatics of the two most abundant outer membrane channels of Escherichia coli, using norfloxacin as a dipolar probe in single molecule electrophysiology...
May 9, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481953/molecular-epidemiological-survey-of-bacteremia-by-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-the-relevance-of-intrinsic-resistance-mechanisms
#4
Raquel Cristina Cavalcanti Dantas, Rebecca Tavares E Silva, Melina Lorraine Ferreira, Iara Rossi Gonçalves, Bruna Fuga Araújo, Paola Amaral de Campos, Sabrina Royer, Deivid William da Fonseca Batistão, Paulo Pinto Gontijo-Filho, Rosineide Marques Ribas
The bacterial factors associated with bacteremia by multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant P. aeruginosa, including overexpression of efflux pumps, AmpC overproduction, and loss/alteration of the OprD porin in isolates that are non-Metallo-β-Lactamase producing were analyzed in a retrospective study. Molecular analyses included strain typing by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis and identification of key genes via qualitative and quantitative PCR-based assays. Previous use of carbapenems and tracheostomy was independently associated with the development of bacteremia by extensively drug-resistant and multidrug-resistant strains of P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458485/phenotypic-detection-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-co-producing-clinical-isolates-from-two-tertiary-hospitals-in-kano-north-west-nigeria
#5
Yusuf Ibrahim, Yahaya Sani, Qabli Saleh, Algarni Saleh, Gbadamosi Hakeem
BACKGROUND: Continue rise in unprofessional use of antibiotics in our hospitals and communities is worrisome. A research study was therefore conducted to detect extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL), carbapenemase, metallobeta lactamase and their co-production phenotypically from isolates obtained from patients admitted to or attending two tertiary hospitals in Kano, Nigeria. METHOD: A total of 248 isolates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniaewere screened phenotypically for ESBL production and carbapenemase production according to CLS1 2012 breakpoints using double disk synergy test and modified Hodge test (MHT) respectively...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457773/effective-assessment-of-psychotropic-medication-side-effects-using-psylog-mobile-application
#6
Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Olivier Andlauer, Kai Burmeister, Boris Dvoracek, Rebekka Lencer, Katja Koelkebeck, Nadja P Maric, Alexander Nawka, Maja Pantovic-Stefanovic, Florian Riese, Branka Aukst Margetic, Dina Bosnjak, Mirela Celic Ruzic, Marko Curkovic, Jasmina Grubsin, Zoran Madzarac, Porin Makaric, Daniela Petric, Kresimir Radic, Aleksandar Savic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456381/high-prevalence-and-moderate-diversity-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-the-u-bends-of-high-risk-units-in-hospital
#7
Amélie Varin, Benoît Valot, Pascal Cholley, Camille Morel, Michelle Thouverez, Didier Hocquet, Xavier Bertrand
The presence of P. aeruginosa in water supply is clearly identified as a risk factor for P. aeruginosa infection in critical care units, even if routes of transmission are often unclear and remain a matter of debate. We determined here the frequency of U-bends contaminated with P. aeruginosa in high-risk units and described the population structure of this opportunistic pathogen in a non-outbreak situation. Eighty-seven U-bends from sinks of rooms in five wards were sampled 3 times and P. aeruginosa was detected in 121 of the 261 (46...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453834/overproduction-of-outer-membrane-protein-a-by-acinetobacter-baumannii-as-a-risk-factor-for-nosocomial-pneumonia-bacteremia-and-mortality-rate-increase
#8
Viviana Sánchez-Encinales, Rocío Álvarez-Marín, María Eugenia Pachón-Ibáñez, Felipe Fernández-Cuenca, Alvaro Pascual, José Garnacho-Montero, Luis Martínez-Martínez, Jordi Vila, María Mar Tomás, José Miguel Cisneros, Germán Bou, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño, Jerónimo Pachón, Younes Smani
Background.: Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) is a porin involved in Acinetobacter baumannii pathogenesis. However, OmpA clinical implication in hospital-acquired infections remains unknown. We aimed to determine whether OmpA overproduction was a risk factor associated with pneumonia, bacteremia, and mortality. Methods.: We analyzed demographic, microbiological, and clinical data from 100 patients included in a unicenter cohort and 246 included in a unicenter cohort and a multicenter cohort...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437232/epidemiological-physiological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-a-brazilian-collection-of-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Vanessa Cordeiro Dias, Juliana Alves Resende, André Netto Bastos, Lucas Quinet De Andrade Bastos, Victor Quinet De Andrade Bastos, Ricardo Villela Bastos, Cláudio Galuppo Diniz, Vânia Lúcia Da Silva
Nonfermenting Gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii are widespread in the environment and are increasingly associated with nosocomial infections, often associated with multidrug-resistance phenotypes. This study aimed to evaluate epidemiological, physiological, and molecular characteristics of carbapenem resistance in P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii. In total, 63 nonreplicated strains (44 A. baumannii and 19 P. aeruginosa) were isolated from hospitalized patients. Antimicrobial resistance patterns, biocide tolerance, oxidative stress, hemolytic activity, and biofilm formation were assessed...
February 24, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414919/functional-characterization-of-an-n-terminally-truncated-mitochondrial-porin-expressed-in-i-neurospora-crassa-i
#10
Sabbir Rahman Shuvo, Uliana Kovaltchouk, Abdullah Zubaer, Ayush Kumar, William A T Summers, Lynda J Donald, George Hausner, Deborah A Court
Mitochondrial porin, which forms voltage-dependent anion-selective channels (VDAC) in the outer membrane, can be folded into a 19 β-stranded barrel. The N-terminus of the protein is external to the barrel, and contains α-helical structure. Targeted modifications of the N‑terminal region have been assessed in artificial membranes, leading to different models for gating <i>in vitro</i>. However, the i<i>n vivo</i> requirements for gating and the N-terminal segment of porin are less well-understood...
April 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413638/serologic-testing-of-a-panel-of-five-antibodies-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-diagnostic-value-and-correlation-with-disease-phenotype
#11
Zhi-Zhi Wang, Ke Shi, Jie Peng
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of five serological antibodies, perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA), anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies [ASCA; ASCA-immunoglobulin (IgG)and ASCA-IgA], Escherichia coli outer membrane porin C antibody (anti-OmpC) and CBir1 flagellin antibody for detection in inflammatory bowel diseases. Whether the antibody status correlated with the disease phenotype was also evaluated. Sera from 71 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), 41 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 78 patients with other gastrointestinal diseases and 31 healthy control subjects were investigated...
April 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412516/switching-between-nitrogen-and-glucose-limitation-unraveling-transcriptional-dynamics-in-escherichia-coli
#12
Michael Löffler, Joana Danica Simen, Jan Müller, Günter Jäger, Salaheddine Laghrami, Karin Schäferhoff, Andreas Freund, Ralf Takors, Ralf Takors
Transcriptional control under nitrogen and carbon-limitation conditions have been well analyzed for Escherichia coli. However, the transcriptional dynamics that underlie the shift in regulatory programs from nitrogen to carbon limitation is not well studied. In the present study, cells were cultivated at steady state under nitrogen (ammonia)-limited conditions then shifted to carbon (glucose) limitation to monitor changes in transcriptional dynamics. Nitrogen limitation was found to be dominated by sigma 54 (RpoN) and sigma 38 (RpoS), whereas the "housekeeping" sigma factor 70 (RpoD) and sigma 38 regulate cellular status under glucose limitation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402509/identification-of-is1r-and-is10r-elements-inserted-into-ompk36-porin-gene-of-two-multidrug-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-hospital-strains
#13
Anastasia I Lev, Evgeny I Astashkin, Rima Z Shaikhutdinova, Mikhail E Platonov, Nikolay N Kartsev, Nikolay V Volozhantsev, Olga N Ershova, Edward A Svetoch, Nadezhda K Fursova
Hospital Klebsiella pneumoniae strains (n = 196) were collected in 2012-16 from the patients of Moscow neurosurgical intensive care unit. K. pneumoniae strains were multi drug resistant (MDR) and carried beta-lactamase genes blaSHV (97.4% strains), blaCTX-M (84.7%), blaTEM (56.1%), blaOXA-48-like (49.0%), and blaNDM-1 (one strain), class 1 integrons (43.4% strains) and porin protein ompK36 gene (100% strains). The ompK36 porin protein gene disruption by IS-elements and OmpK36 production loss in two strains were detected in this study...
April 11, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400767/the-periplasmic-chaperone-network-of-campylobacter-jejuni-evidence-that-salc-cj1289-and-ppid-cj0694-are-involved-in-maintaining-outer-membrane-integrity
#14
Aidan J Taylor, Shadi A I Zakai, David J Kelly
The outer membrane (OM) of Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria is a key structure in host-pathogen interactions that contains a plethora of proteins, performing a range of functions including adhesion, nutrient uptake, export of effectors and interaction with innate and adaptive components of the immune system. In addition, the OM can exclude drugs and thus contribute to antimicrobial resistance. The OM of the food-borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni contains porins, adhesins and other virulence factors that must be specifically localized to this membrane, but the protein sorting mechanisms involved are only partially understood...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398866/genome-wide-survey-of-genes-under-positive-selection-in-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-strains
#15
Thaís Cabrera Galvão Rojas, Francisco Pereira Lobo, Jorge Augusto Hongo, Renato Vicentini, Renu Verma, Renato Pariz Maluta, Wanderley Dias da Silveira
The ability to obtain bacterial genomes from the same host has allowed for comparative studies that help in the understanding of the molecular evolution of specific pathotypes. Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is a group of extraintestinal strains responsible for causing colibacillosis in birds. APEC is also suggested to possess a role as a zoonotic agent. Despite its importance, APEC pathogenesis still has several cryptic pathogenic processes that need to be better understood. In this work, a genome-wide survey of eight APEC strains for genes with evidence of recombination revealed that ∼14% of the homologous groups evaluated present signs of recombination...
May 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396547/resistance-to-ceftazidime-avibactam-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-due-to-porin-mutations-and-the-increased-expression-of-kpc-3
#16
Romney M Humphries, Peera Hemarajata
We reported the first clinical case of a ceftazidime-avibactam resistant KPC-3-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (1), from a patient with no prior history of ceftazidime-avibactam therapy.….
April 10, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392440/emergence-of-colistin-resistance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-st235-clone-in-south-korea
#17
Yu Mi Wi, Ji-Young Choi, Ji-Young Lee, Cheol-In Kang, Doo Ryeon Chung, Kyong Ran Peck, Jae-Hoon Song, Kwan Soo Ko
In this study, the prevalence and characteristics of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in South Korea were investigated. Among 215 P. aeruginosa isolates collected from eight hospitals, 77 (35.8%) and 72 (33.5%) were resistant to imipenem and meropenem, respectively. Of the 77 imipenem-resistant isolates, MBL genes were identified in 34 isolates (blaIMP-6 in 33 isolates and blaVIM-2 in 1 isolate). All of the MBL-producing isolates belonged to a globally prevailing genotype, sequence type 235 (ST235), and all of the IMP-6-producing isolates showed a deletion of nucleotide 209 of the porin gene oprD...
June 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389664/the-tlr2-binding-neisserial-porin-porb-enhances-antigen-presenting-cell-trafficking-and-cross-presentation
#18
Michael L Reiser, Munir M Mosaheb, Christina Lisk, Andrew Platt, Lee M Wetzler
TOLL-like receptor (TLR) ligands activate both innate and adaptive immune cells, while modulating the cellular immune response. The outer membrane protein (OMP) from Neisseria meninigitidis, PorB, is a naturally occurring TLR2 ligand and functions as an adjuvant. Here, we demonstrate that PorB increases the level of OVA in the endo-/lysosomal cellular compartment of BMDCs, increases antigen presenting cell (APC) trafficking to draining lymph nodes, and enhances antigen cross-presentation. PorB is capable of mounting an antigen specific T cell response by efficiently stimulating antigen cross-presentation in vivo and in vitro assessed by BMDC OT-I cocultivation assays...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384185/evaluation-of-a-modified-meropenem-hydrolysis-assay-on-a-large-cohort-of-kpc-and-vim-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#19
Adriana Calderaro, Mirko Buttrini, Maddalena Piergianni, Sara Montecchini, Monica Martinelli, Silvia Covan, Giovanna Piccolo, Maria Cristina Medici, Maria Cristina Arcangeletti, Carlo Chezzi, Flora De Conto
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) have spread globally and represent a serious and growing threat to public health. The introduction of rapid and sensitive methods for the detection of carbapenemase-producing bacteria is of increasing importance. The carbapenemase production can be detected using non-molecular methods (such as the modified Hodge test, the synergy test, the Carba NP test and the antibiotic hydrolysis assays) and DNA-based methods. In this study, we propose a modified version of a previously described meropenem hydrolysis assay (MHA) by MALDI-TOF MS for the phenotypic detection in 2h of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373967/defining-the-roles-of-the-cation-diffusion-facilitators-in-fe-2-zn-2-homeostasis-and-establishment-of-their-participation-in-virulence-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#20
Agostina Salusso, Daniel Raimunda
Transporters of the cation diffusion facilitator (CDF) family form dimers that export transition metals from the cytosol. The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa encodes three homologous CDF genes, czcD (PA0397), aitP (PA1297), and yiiP (PA3963). The three proteins are required for virulence in a plant host model. Disruption of the aitP gene leads to higher Fe(2+) and Co(2+) sensitivity together with an intracellular accumulation of these ions and to a decreased survival in presence of H2O2. Strains lacking czcD and yiiP showed low Zn(2+) sensitivity...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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