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salivary glands ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275334/effect-of-rituximab-on-a-salivary-gland-ultrasound-score-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-results-of-the-tractiss-randomised-double-blind-multicentre-substudy
#1
Benjamin A Fisher, Colin C Everett, John Rout, John L O'Dwyer, Paul Emery, Costantino Pitzalis, Wan-Fai Ng, Andrew Carr, Colin T Pease, Elizabeth J Price, Nurhan Sutcliffe, Jimmy Makdissi, Anwar R Tappuni, Nagui S T Gendi, Frances C Hall, Sharon P Ruddock, Catherine Fernandez, Claire T Hulme, Kevin A Davies, Christopher John Edwards, Peter C Lanyon, Robert J Moots, Euthalia Roussou, Andrea Richards, Linda D Sharples, Michele Bombardieri, Simon J Bowman
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of rituximab versus placebo on salivary gland ultrasound (SGUS) in primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) in a multicentre, multiobserver phase III trial substudy. METHODS: Subjects consenting to SGUS were randomised to rituximab or placebo given at weeks 0, 2, 24 and 26, and scanned at baseline and weeks 16 and 48. Sonographers completed a 0-11 total ultrasound score (TUS) comprising domains of echogenicity, homogeneity, glandular definition, glands involved and hypoechoic foci size...
December 23, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248029/the-value-of-the-twinkling-artefact-for-the-diagnosis-of-sialolithiasis-of-the-large-salivary-glands
#2
G Pabst, K Strobel, J Zehnder
OBJECTIVE: The imaging of stones in the salivary glands and ducts poses a challenge, even to experienced ultrasound examiners. This study investigated whether the 'twinkling artefact', which occurs at internal calcific foci during Doppler ultrasound examinations, is useful for detecting salivary gland stones. METHODS: In a model test, 20 salivary stones were analysed in vitro, via Doppler ultrasound, with regard to their representability and the triggering of the twinkling artefact...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239938/latest-advances-in-ultrasound-assessment-of-salivary-glands-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#3
María Victoria Martire, María Lida Santiago, Tomas Cazenave, Marwin Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: There are different imaging techniques to assess the parotid glands (i.e., sialography, salivary gland scintigraphy) in patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS). However, their use is limited by the invasive character or high cost. Ultrasound (US) is gaining interest by rheumatologists as a complementary diagnostic tool for SS. To date, there is an increasing body of evidence supporting its sensitivity in the assessment of salivary glands in SS. The aim of our study was to analyze the potential role of US as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in SS and to discuss existing evidence to support its application use...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233833/scoring-hypoechogenic-areas-in-one-parotid-and-one-submandibular-gland-increases-feasibility-of-ultrasound-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#4
Esther Mossel, Suzanne Arends, Jolien F van Nimwegen, Konstantina Delli, Alja J Stel, Frans G M Kroese, Fred K L Spijkervet, Arjan Vissink, Hendrika Bootsma
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether ultrasonographic scoring of (i) both parotid and submandibular salivary glands and (ii) all individual components of the Hocevar scoring system, is needed for classifying patients as primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Ultrasound examination of the major salivary glands (sUS) was performed in 204 consecutive patients clinically suspected (n=171) or diagnosed (n=33) with pSS.Parenchymal echogenicity, homogeneity, hypoechogenic areas, hyperechogenic reflections and salivary gland posterior border were scored in left and right parotid and submandibular glands...
December 12, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192740/bilateral-parotid-gland-metastases-from-gastric-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma
#5
Federico Nichetti, Federica Morano, Alessandra Fabbri, Filippo de Braud, Maria Di Bartolomeo
INTRODUCTION: Signet-ring cell (SRC) carcinoma is a common subtype of gastric adenocarcinoma associated with poor prognosis. Metastatic involvement of the parotid gland has been reported in gastric cancer patients, but never bilaterally nor in association with the SRC histotype. Here, we report the first case and a brief review of the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 47-year-old woman was referred to our center for a signet-ring gastric carcinoma with synchronous hepatic and peritoneal metastases...
November 22, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069669/ultrasound-of-the-major-salivary-glands-is-a-reliable-imaging-technique-in-patients-with-clinically-suspected-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#6
Konstantina Delli, Suzanne Arends, Jolien F van Nimwegen, Pieter U Dijkstra, Alja J Stel, Frederik K L Spijkervet, Hendrika Bootsma, Arjan Vissink
Objective To assess the inter- and intraobserver reliability of ultrasound of major salivary glands in patients clinically suspected of having primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) as well as to assess sources of variation in outcomes of ultrasonographic evaluation. Methods 80 consecutive outpatients with clinically suspected pSS underwent ultrasound evaluation. The following ultrasound variables of the parotid and submandibular salivary glands were assessed: echogenicity, parenchymal homogeneity, presence of hypoechogenic areas, hyperechogenic reflections and clearness of posterior glandular border, according to the scoring system of Hocevar et al...
October 25, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885206/ultrasound-elastography-in-diagnosis-and-follow-up-for-patients-with-chronic-recurrent-parotitis
#7
Pamela Zengel, Christoph A Reichel, Teresa Vincek, Dirk André Clevert
PURPOSE: Chronic recurrent parotitis (CRP) is a non-obstructive disease with episodes characterized by painful swelling of the parotid gland. It presents in both a juvenile and an adult form, with no clear information on its actual origin. Diagnosis is based on patient medical history and ultrasound examination but is frequently not correctly identified. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging (ARFI) is a novel ultrasound elastography technology that has recently been implemented in the diagnostic work-up of patients with malignancies...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879042/salivary-gland-ultrasound-abnormalities-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-consensual-us-sg-core-items-definition-and-reliability
#8
Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Emmanuel Nowak, Divi Cornec, Jackie Brown, Andrew Carr, Marina Carotti, Benjamin Fisher, Joel Fradin, Alojzija Hocevar, Malin V Jonsson, Nicoletta Luciano, Vera Milic, John Rout, Elke Theander, Aaltje Stel, Hendrika Bootsma, Arjan Vissink, Chiara Baldini, Alan Baer, Wan Fai Ng, Simon Bowman, Zarrin Alavi, Alain Saraux, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography (US) is sensitive for detecting echostructural abnormalities of the major salivary glands (SGs) in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Our objectives were to define selected US-SG echostructural abnormalities in pSS, set up a preliminary atlas of these definitions and evaluate the consensual definitions reliability in both static and acquisition US-SG images. METHODS: International experts in SG US in pSS participated in consensus meetings to select and define echostructural abnormalities in pSS...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871894/surgeon-performed-ultrasound-for-chronic-obstructive-sialadenitis-helps-predict-sialendoscopic-findings-and-outcomes
#9
Andrew R Larson, Annick Aubin-Pouliot, Elise Delagnes, Melissa Zheng, Jolie L Chang, William R Ryan
Objective To determine the accuracy of surgeon-performed ultrasound (SP-US) features for predicting intraoperative sialendoscopic findings and to correlate ultrasound features with short-term symptomatic outcomes following sialendoscopy-assisted salivary duct surgery (SASDS). Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting The practices of 2 academic sialendoscopy surgeons. Subjects and Methods Between February 2014 and September 2015, 82 patients with 105 symptomatic glands underwent SASDS, of whom 56 patients (75 glands) met inclusion criteria...
August 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840025/development-of-acute-parotitis-after-non-invasive-ventilation
#10
Eduardo Martinez, Peter V Dicpinigaitis
A 90-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic exploratory laparotomy for evaluation of suspected mesenteric ischemia. She was promptly extubated postoperatively and transferred to the intensive care unit, where on the first postoperative day she developed hypoxemia necessitating initiation of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) with bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP). After 8 hours of BiPAP, she was noted to have swelling, erythema and tenderness in the right preauricular area. Ultrasound evaluation demonstrated an enlarged right parotid gland...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814430/the-2017-eular-standardised-procedures-for-ultrasound-imaging-in-rheumatology
#11
Ingrid Möller, Iustina Janta, Marina Backhaus, Sarah Ohrndorf, David A Bong, Carlo Martinoli, Emilio Filippucci, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Lene Terslev, Nemanja Damjanov, Hilde Berner Hammer, Iwona Sudol-Szopinska, Walter Grassi, Peter Balint, George A W Bruyn, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Diana Hollander, Heidi J Siddle, Gabriela Supp, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Annamaria Iagnocco, Juhani Koski, David Kane, Daniela Fodor, Alessandra Bruns, Peter Mandl, Gurjit S Kaeley, Mihaela Micu, Carmen Ho, Violeta Vlad, Mario Chávez-López, Georgios Filippou, Carmen Elena Cerón, Rodina Nestorova, Maritza Quintero, Richard Wakefield, Loreto Carmona, Esperanza Naredo
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the European League Against Rheumatism developed and disseminated the first guidelines for musculoskeletal (MS) ultrasound (US) in rheumatology. Fifteen years later, the dramatic expansion of new data on MSUS in the literature coupled with technological developments in US imaging has necessitated an update of these guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To update the existing MSUS guidelines in rheumatology as well as to extend their scope to other anatomic structures relevant for rheumatology...
December 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805566/botulinum-toxin-therapy-for-nonmotor-aspects-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Jarosław Sławek, Mariusz Madaliński
The medical treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) is symptomatic both in terms of motor and nonmotor aspects. The nonmotor symptoms therapy should be taken into account as many of them negatively influence the quality of life and are treatable. Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) offers effective treatment for drooling and bladder dysfunctions and alternative treatment for constipation and pain related to parkinsonism. BoNT for drooling is probably the best-documented therapy for nonmotor symptoms by clinical trials...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764210/kimura-s-disease-without-peripheral-eosinophilia-an-unusual-and-challenging-case-simulating-venous-malformation-on-imaging-studies-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Vivek Dokania, Digvijay Patil, Ketan Agarwal, Prajakta Thakur, Piyush Prajapati
Kimura's Disease (KD) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder presenting as multiple painless solitary subcutaneous nodules, predominantly in the head and neck region and frequently associated with regional lymphadenopathy and/or salivary gland involvement. Because of painless nature and indolent course, there is usually a delay in the patient's presentation. KD may radiologically mimic other chronic inflammatory conditions like tuberculosis, vascular malformations and neoplasms. Clinical correlation and histological evaluation along with elevated peripheral eosinophil and serum IgE level are considered important for confirmatory diagnosis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754802/ultrasonography-of-major-salivary-glands-compared-with-parotid-and-labial-gland-biopsy-and-classification-criteria-in-patients-with-clinically-suspected-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#14
Esther Mossel, Konstantina Delli, Jolien F van Nimwegen, Alja J Stel, Frans G M Kroese, Fred K L Spijkervet, Arjan Vissink, Suzanne Arends, Hendrika Bootsma
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of ultrasound of major salivary glands (sUS) compared with parotid and labial gland biopsies, sialometry, anti-SSA/Ro antibody status and classification criteria in patients clinically suspected with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: 103 consecutive outpatients with clinically suspected pSS underwent sUS. Parenchymal echogenicity, homogeneity, hypoechogenic areas, hyperechogenic reflections and clearness of salivary gland border were scored according to the Hocevar scoring system...
November 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754751/intraparotid-ductal-ectasia-rare-cause-of-parotid-swelling
#15
Houda Chahed, Samia Meherzi, Azza Mediouni, Mohamed Ben Amor
A 41-year-old patient was hospitalised for a chronic right parotid mass. A cervical ultrasound revealed a cystic mass of the parotid. Cervical MRI found a ductal ectasia of the parotid and submandibular glands associated with a retention cyst of the right parotid. He had a right total parotidectomy. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed a multilocular cystic mass with a diffuse glandular ectasia of salivary ducts. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course without any recurrence of symptoms...
July 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707525/is-there-a-role-for-ultrasound-guided-balloon-sialoplasty-technique-in-salivary-gland-structures
#16
Jimmy Makdissi, Lee Feinberg, Amit Roy
Ductal stricture is a common cause of obstructive salivary gland disease. Balloon dilatation of the parotid duct as a minimally invasive technique is currently carried out under fluoroscopic guidance or during sialendocopy. We present a case report of ultrasound-guided balloon dilatation. A 45-year-old female presented with a long history of obstructive symptoms affecting the right parotid gland. Ultrasound examination revealed a tortuous right main parotid duct with marked dilatation throughout its course and multiple sites of focal stricture formation...
December 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699306/strategies-for-building-a-successful-ultrasound-guided-fna-practice-in-department-of-pathology-experience-at-a-university-hospital
#17
Maoxin Wu, Kenneth R Shroyer
INTRODUCTION: Although pathology services focused on fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of superficial palpable masses with on-site cytological evaluation are available in a wide range of clinical and academic settings, the addition of ultrasound (US) guidance into FNA practice by a cytopathologist group can be challenging. An US-FNA service provided by a cytopathologist in the department of Pathology is a relatively new practice in the field of medicine. This report summarizes our experience and strategies in achieving this objective and our successful preliminary results...
July 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699165/ultrasound-guided-core-needle-biopsy-in-salivary-glands-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Hee Joon Kim, Jong Seung Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Core needle biopsy is an effective diagnostic tool widely used in many oncological diagnostic approaches. It provides an adequate tissue sample for histological evaluation of architecture, which allows tumor grading and classification of malignant and benign tumors. This study aimed to provide an updated meta-analysis and systematic review of core needle biopsy in the salivary glands. STUDY DESIGN: A literature search using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library through December 2016...
July 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670850/cystic-major-salivary-gland-lesions-utilizing-fine-needle-aspiration-to-optimize-the-clinical-management-of-a-broad-and-diverse-differential-diagnosis
#19
Derek B Allison, Austin M McCuiston, Satomi Kawamoto, David W Eisele, Justin A Bishop, Zahra Maleki
INTRODUCTION: The use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology for the preoperative evaluation of salivary gland lesions is an accepted but, currently, nonstandardized practice. More specifically, cystic major salivary gland lesions are relatively rare and can be very challenging to diagnose on FNA due to low cellularity and an incredibly broad differential diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic utility of preoperative FNA cytology for cystic major salivary gland lesions...
September 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646544/pure-intraductal-carcinoma-of-the-parotid-gland-cytologic-findings-on-fna-sample-report-of-one-case
#20
Jessica Barizzi, Elisabetta Merlo, Rene Schönegg, Raffaele Pelloni, Luca Mazzuchelli, Franco Fulciniti
One case of intraductal carcinoma of the parotid gland in a 67-year-old male patient is here introduced. The patient, who had a one-year history of a parotid mass, had undergone ultrasound and MRI examination that disclosed a 13x4x3 mm well delimited nodular mass of the accessory lobe of his left parotid gland. Ultrasound-guided Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) had been performed by the clinician. The obtained smears showed widespread cellular necrosis in which cellular clusters with moderate and focally severe atypias displayed papillary and cribriform architecture and were admixed with sheets of epithelial cells with less striking nuclear atypias, squamous, or apocrine metaplasia...
June 23, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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