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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191301/plunging-ranula-in-children-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Veronica Carlini, Valeria Calcaterra, Noemi Pasqua, Marinella Guazzotti, Mario Fusillo, Gloria Pelizzo
Few cases of plunging ranulas (PRs) occur during childhood and the lesions are frequently misdiagnosed. Here, a PR in a child is reported along with a literature review. A seven-year-old female complaining of swelling in the midline neck, left-submandibular region, was evaluated. No oral cavity or major salivary glands abnormalities were detected. On palpation, a soft, painless, and fluid-containing mass was observed. The suspicion PR was performed by ultrasound. The diagnosis was confirmed with a histopathological examination...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180194/prospective-evaluation-of-quasistatic-ultrasound-elastography-use-compared-with-baseline-us-for-parotid-gland-lesions-preliminary-results-of-elasticity-contrast-index-eci-evaluation
#2
Vito Cantisani, Emanuele David, Armando De Virgilio, Paul S Sidhu, Hektor Grazhdani, Antonio Greco, Marco De Vincentiis, Alessandro Corsi, Flaminia De Cristofaro, Luca Brunese, Fabrizio Calliada, Alfredo Blandino, Mario Tombolini, Giorgio Ascenti, Roberto Stramare, Marcello Caratozzolo, Ferdinando D'Ambrosio
AIMS: To assess the diagnostic value of elasticity contrast index (ECI) elastography, in comparison with conventional ultrasound for the differentiation of benign and malignant parotid lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-three consecutive patients with parotid gland tumors, treated surgically at a single tertiary center were enrolled. Ultrasound evaluation consisted of B-mode, color-Doppler and quasistatic ultrasound elastography (USE), conducted with the ECI technique...
January 31, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103850/acupuncture-for-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-pss-on-symptomatic-improvements-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Quan Jiang, Huadong Zhang, Ran Pang, Jinzhou Chen, Zhishun Liu, Xinyao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Currently, feasible medical treatments are hitherto not satisfying to relieve pSS symptoms, which concerns numbers of clinical doctors. Acupuncture seems to be an alternative to treat pSS and conduces to good symptomatic results. However further research is necessary. This trial is to investigate the efficacy of acupuncture on improving the key symptoms of pSS, which are dryness, pain and fatigue (DPF). METHODS & DESIGN: The study is designed as a randomized controlled trial of two arms with a single centre...
January 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986264/imaging-of-palatal-lumps
#4
REVIEW
C von Stempel, S Morley, T Beale, S Otero
Palatal tumours are relatively rare and of variable aetiology, rendering radiological evaluation a daunting process for many. A systematic approach to the imaging of a palatal lump is therefore essential. The hard and soft palates are oral cavity and oropharyngeal structures, respectively. They have different tissue compositions, and therefore, lesions occur with different frequencies at each site. The hard palate has the highest concentration of minor salivary glands in the upper aerodigestive tract and most tumours here are salivary in origin, whereas most tumours at the soft palate are epithelial in origin, i...
February 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942480/diagnostic-imaging-of-benign-and-malignant-neck-masses-in-children-a-pictorial-review
#5
REVIEW
Ruth Elizabeth Brown, Srikrishna Harave
Neck masses are frequently encountered in pediatric medicine, and can present a diagnostic dilemma for the clinicians involved. There are several means by which neck masses in children can be subdivided, for example by age at presentation, anatomical location including compartments and fascia of the neck, their classical appearance when imaged, or by etiology. When imaging children the clinicians must be mindful of radiation exposure and as such ultrasound (US) is often attempted first. Cross sectional imaging can be helpful for problem solving with CT being particularly useful for assessing the patient in more acute scenarios, for example when there is airway compromise...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941210/-contemporary-diagnostics-of-the-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#6
Jolanta Parada-Turska
Primary Sjögren's syndrome is one of the most common systemic autoimmune disorders, whose diagnosis is very often delayed. In most cases it is a mild disease with symptoms such as dryness and musculoskeletal pain and fatigue but 20-40% of patients suffer from severe systemic manifestations. Extraglandular manifestations can be the first sign of the disease, therefore it is very important to diagnose them as early as possible. Classification criteria established by the American-European Consensus Group (AECG) have been applied in primary Sjögren's syndrome diagnosis since 2002...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931961/imaging-of-connective-tissue-diseases-beyond-visceral-organ-imaging
#7
REVIEW
Maurizio Cutolo, Nemanja Damjanov, Barbara Ruaro, Ana Zekovic, Vanessa Smith
Connective tissues diseases (CTDs) can also be diagnosed early by "external" and safe imaging methods beyond the visceral organ analysis. This study aims to explore various imaging techniques used in diagnosing CTDs. Skin impairment in systemic sclerosis (SSc) may be recognized and studied by the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), which has some drawbacks, whereas high-frequency ultrasound (US) seems advantageous for the early identification of skin involvement. Salivary gland involvement in Sjögren syndrome (SS) can be assessed using standard tests such as unstimulated salivary flow test, salivary gland scintigraphy or contrast sialography...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911406/ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-a-method-of-treating-sialorrhea
#8
Pierangelo Barbero, Marco Busso, Carlo Alberto Artusi, Stefania De Mercanti, Marco Tinivella, Andrea Veltri, Luca Durelli, Marinella Clerico
Neurological diseases can be complicated by sialorrhea, an excessive flow of saliva. Patients suffering from moderate to severe sialorrhea have an impaired quality of life, often worsened by correlated complications such as aspiration pneumonia, oral infections, dental caries, and maceration of the skin. Diverse therapeutic approaches have been proposed for the treatment of sialorrhea, including surgery and the use of anticholinergic agents, with limited results and the possible occurrence of serious adverse events...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872416/initial-experience-with-ultrasound-elastography-for-diagnosis-of-major-salivary-gland-lesions
#9
Hang Zhou, Xian-Li Zhou, Hui-Xiong Xu, Ya-Ping He, Xiao-Wan Bo, Xiao-Long Li, Bo-Ji Liu, Dan-Dan Li, Dan Wang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasound elastography, including conventional strain elastography, acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI)-induced strain elastography, and point shear wave elastography (SWE) for diagnosis of major salivary gland lesions. METHODS: Forty major salivary gland lesions underwent conventional sonography, conventional strain elastography, ARFI strain elastography, and point SWE before surgery or biopsy...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759834/application-of-botulinum-toxin-to-treat-sialorrhea-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-a-literature-review
#10
Ademar Francisco de Oliveira, Gêssyca Adryene de Menezes Silva, Débora Milenna Xavier Almeida
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons, which are the central nervous system cells that control voluntary muscle movements. The excessive salivation (sialorrhea) is present in approximately 50% of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Thus, some alternative therapeutic methods are sought, such as anticholinergic drugs and surgery. Recently the use of botulinum toxin applied at a midpoint of the salivary glands, often guided by ultrasound, have demonstrated positive results...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616555/a-case-of-acute-postoperative-transitory-sialadenosis-of-the-submandibular-glands-in-a-healthy-dog
#11
Andrea Cattai, Silvia Levorato, Paolo Franci
A 1-year-old healthy female cross-breed dog, weighing 4.5 kg, was scheduled for elective neutering. Fentanyl (5 µg/kg) and propofol (4 mg/kg) were administered intravenously (IV) to induce anesthesia, which was maintained with isoflurane and a constant fentanyl infusion rate (10 µg/kg/hr). During the recovery from the anesthesia, the presence of bilateral dense submandibular masses was recognized, as was the excessive secretion of saliva. An ultrasound examination was performed and revealed bilateral abnormally-diffused enlargement of the submandibular salivary glands...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528574/multiobserver-reliability-of-ultrasound-assessment-of-salivary-glands-in-patients-with-established-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#12
Nemanja Damjanov, Vera Milic, Juan Carlos Nieto-González, Iustina Janta, Lina Martínez-Estupiñan, Belén Serrano, Carmen Mata, María Montoro, Denisa Stanciu, Jelena Marinković-Erić, Francisco Javier López-Longo, Luis Carreño, Esperanza Naredo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the multiobserver reliability of salivary gland ultrasonography (SGUS) for scoring greyscale (GS) parenchymal inhomogeneity and parenchymal color Doppler (CD) signal in patients with established primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). METHODS: The study comprised 2 multiobserver reliability assessments in patients with pSS in 2 European centers. The first reliability exercise was performed on 24 patients with pSS and 8 controls who were independently evaluated with GS and CD US by 5 observers at the Institute of Rheumatology, Belgrade, Serbia...
October 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504709/association-of-xerostomia-and-ultrasonographic-features-of-the-major-salivary-glands-after-radioactive-iodine-ablation-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#13
Sang Soo Roh, Dong Wook Kim, Hye Jin Baek
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between xerostomia and sonographic features of the major salivary glands after patients undergo radioactive iodine ablation (RIA) for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 256 consecutive patients who underwent total thyroidectomy, RIA, and neck ultrasound examinations. Changes in the ultrasound features of the parotid and submandibular glands after RIA were evaluated retrospectively by a single radiologist, on the basis of direct comparison of sonograms obtained before and after RIA...
November 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489709/myeloid-sarcoma-of-submandibular-salivary-gland
#14
Federico Dagna, Pamela Giordano, Valeria Boggio, Roberto Albera
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of a myeloid sarcoma of submandibular salivary gland. METHODS: A 65-year-old woman with a history of successfully treated myelodysplastic syndrome, presenting with periodic painful swelling of her right submandibular area. RESULTS: Physical evaluation, ultrasound and CT scan revealed the presence of a 3-cm mass contiguous to the submandibular salivary gland. A core needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma...
2016: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446603/mistakes-in-ultrasound-examination-of-salivary-glands
#15
REVIEW
Ewa J Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski
Ultrasonography is the first imaging method applied in the case of diseases of the salivary glands. The article discusses basic mistakes that can be made during an ultrasound examination of these structures. The reasons for these mistakes may be examiner-dependent or may be beyond their control. The latter may include, inter alia, difficult conditions during examination (technical or patient-related), similarity of ultrasound images in different diseases, the lack of clinical and laboratory data as well as the lack of results of other examinations, their insufficient number or incorrectness...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446602/standards-for-the-assessment-of-salivary-glands-an-update
#16
REVIEW
Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska
The paper is an update of 2011 Standards for Ultrasound Assessment of Salivary Glands, which were developed by the Polish Ultrasound Society. We have described current ultrasound technical requirements, assessment and measurement techniques as well as guidelines for ultrasound description. We have also discussed an ultrasound image of normal salivary glands as well as the most important pathologies, such as inflammation, sialosis, collagenosis, injuries and proliferative processes, with particular emphasis on lesions indicating high risk of malignancy...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433417/a-case-of-oncocytic-adrenocortical-neoplasm-of-borderline-uncertain-malignant-potential
#17
Mina Shenouda, Linda G Brown, Krista L Denning, Toni Pacioles
Oncocytic neoplasms are tumors composed predominantly or exclusively of oncocytes (large polygonal cells with granular eosinophilic cytoplasm due to abnormal mitochondrial accumulation). These tumors are frequently reported in the thyroid, kidneys, and salivary glands. However, they are distinctly rare in the adrenal cortex. Oncocytic adrenocortical neoplasms (OAN) are classified regarding their biological behavior by their histological features according to the Lin-Weiss-Bisceglia system (LWB). Here, we report a case of OAN of borderline or uncertain malignant potential (BMP) with subsequently identified papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC)...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376229/sympathetic-chain-schwannoma-resembling-carotid-body-tumour
#18
Tallat Najeeb, Musaddiq Khan
Schwannomas are rare, benign nerve sheath tumours of parapharyngeal space. Differential diagnosis should include salivary gland tumours, paragangliomas, neurofibromas, and metastatic lymph nodes. The tumours may arise from vagus nerve and cervical sympathetic chain (CSC). Diagnosis is usually made by imaging techniques: contrast CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is useful diagnostic procedure but poor results are seen in neurogenic tumours...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374146/ultrasonographic-imaging-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-healthy-cattle-and-pathological-findings-in-one-clinical-case
#19
N C Borges, G E Weissengruber, J Huber, J Kofler
AIMS: To describe the normal ultrasonographic appearance of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in cattle, and to describe the ultrasonographic pathology of the TMJ as assessed in one cow with TMJ disease. METHODS: The TMJ of 12 healthy Holstein-Friesian cows were examined using a portable ultrasonographic unit with a 7.5 MHz linear probe and a 6.0 MHz convex probe. Each TMJ was scanned in a rostrolateral, lateral and caudolateral plane. In addition, the TMJ of one 2-year-old cow with clinical signs of food retention in the mouth, head tilt, swelling and pain in the right TMJ region and an infected horn fracture was examined ultrasonographically...
November 2016: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302657/quantification-of-endothelial-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-expression-with-high-frequency-ultrasound-and-targeted-microbubbles-in%C3%A2-vitro%C3%A2-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-studies
#20
Verya Daeichin, Klazina Kooiman, Ilya Skachkov, Johan G Bosch, Thomas L Theelen, Katja Steiger, Andrew Needles, Ben J Janssen, Mat J A P Daemen, Antonius F W van der Steen, Nico de Jong, Judith C Sluimer
Angiogenesis is a critical feature of plaque development in atherosclerosis and might play a key role in both the initiation and later rupture of plaques. The precursory molecular or cellular pro-angiogenic events that initiate plaque growth and that ultimately contribute to plaque instability, however, cannot be detected directly with any current diagnostic modality. This study was designed to investigate the feasibility of ultrasound molecular imaging of endothelial αvβ3 expression in vitro and in vivo using αvβ3-targeted ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs)...
September 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
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