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salivary glands ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885206/ultrasound-elastography-in-diagnosis-and-follow-up-for-patients-with-chronic-recurrent-parotitis
#1
Pamela Zengel, Christoph A Reichel, Teresa Vincek, Dirk André Clevert
PURPOSE: Chronic recurrent parotitis (CRP) is a non-obstructive disease with episodes characterized by painful swelling of the parotid gland. It presents in both a juvenile and an adult form, with no clear information on its actual origin. Diagnosis is based on patient medical history and ultrasound examination but is frequently not correctly identified. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging (ARFI) is a novel ultrasound elastography technology that has recently been implemented in the diagnostic work-up of patients with malignancies...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879042/salivary-gland-ultrasound-abnormalities-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-consensual-us-sg-core-items-definition-and-reliability
#2
Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Emmanuel Nowak, Divi Cornec, Jackie Brown, Andrew Carr, Marina Carotti, Benjamin Fisher, Joel Fradin, Alojzija Hocevar, Malin V Jonsson, Nicoletta Luciano, Vera Milic, John Rout, Elke Theander, Aaltje Stel, Hendrika Bootsma, Arjan Vissink, Chiara Baldini, Alan Baer, Wan Fai Ng, Simon Bowman, Zarrin Alavi, Alain Saraux, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography (US) is sensitive for detecting echostructural abnormalities of the major salivary glands (SGs) in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Our objectives were to define selected US-SG echostructural abnormalities in pSS, set up a preliminary atlas of these definitions and evaluate the consensual definitions reliability in both static and acquisition US-SG images. METHODS: International experts in SG US in pSS participated in consensus meetings to select and define echostructural abnormalities in pSS...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871894/surgeon-performed-ultrasound-for-chronic-obstructive-sialadenitis-helps-predict-sialendoscopic-findings-and-outcomes
#3
Andrew R Larson, Annick Aubin-Pouliot, Elise Delagnes, Melissa Zheng, Jolie L Chang, William R Ryan
Objective To determine the accuracy of surgeon-performed ultrasound (SP-US) features for predicting intraoperative sialendoscopic findings and to correlate ultrasound features with short-term symptomatic outcomes following sialendoscopy-assisted salivary duct surgery (SASDS). Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting The practices of 2 academic sialendoscopy surgeons. Subjects and Methods Between February 2014 and September 2015, 82 patients with 105 symptomatic glands underwent SASDS, of whom 56 patients (75 glands) met inclusion criteria...
August 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840025/development-of-acute-parotitis-after-non-invasive-ventilation
#4
Eduardo Martinez, Peter V Dicpinigaitis
A 90-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic exploratory laparotomy for evaluation of suspected mesenteric ischemia. She was promptly extubated postoperatively and transferred to the intensive care unit, where on the first postoperative day she developed hypoxemia necessitating initiation of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) with bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP). After 8 hours of BiPAP, she was noted to have swelling, erythema and tenderness in the right preauricular area. Ultrasound evaluation demonstrated an enlarged right parotid gland...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814430/the-2017-eular-standardised-procedures-for-ultrasound-imaging-in-rheumatology
#5
Ingrid Möller, Iustina Janta, Marina Backhaus, Sarah Ohrndorf, David A Bong, Carlo Martinoli, Emilio Filippucci, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Lene Terslev, Nemanja Damjanov, Hilde Berner Hammer, Iwona Sudol-Szopinska, Walter Grassi, Peter Balint, George A W Bruyn, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Diana Hollander, Heidi J Siddle, Gabriela Supp, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Annamaria Iagnocco, Juhani Koski, David Kane, Daniela Fodor, Alessandra Bruns, Peter Mandl, Gurjit S Kaeley, Mihaela Micu, Carmen Ho, Violeta Vlad, Mario Chávez-López, Georgios Filippou, Carmen Elena Cerón, Rodina Nestorova, Maritza Quintero, Richard Wakefield, Loreto Carmona, Esperanza Naredo
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the European League Against Rheumatism developed and disseminated the first guidelines for musculoskeletal (MS) ultrasound (US) in rheumatology. Fifteen years later, the dramatic expansion of new data on MSUS in the literature coupled with technological developments in US imaging has necessitated an update of these guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To update the existing MSUS guidelines in rheumatology as well as to extend their scope to other anatomic structures relevant for rheumatology...
August 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805566/botulinum-toxin-therapy-for-nonmotor-aspects-of-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Jarosław Sławek, Mariusz Madaliński
The medical treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) is symptomatic both in terms of motor and nonmotor aspects. The nonmotor symptoms therapy should be taken into account as many of them negatively influence the quality of life and are treatable. Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) offers effective treatment for drooling and bladder dysfunctions and alternative treatment for constipation and pain related to parkinsonism. BoNT for drooling is probably the best-documented therapy for nonmotor symptoms by clinical trials...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764210/kimura-s-disease-without-peripheral-eosinophilia-an-unusual-and-challenging-case-simulating-venous-malformation-on-imaging-studies-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
REVIEW
Vivek Dokania, Digvijay Patil, Ketan Agarwal, Prajakta Thakur, Piyush Prajapati
Kimura's Disease (KD) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder presenting as multiple painless solitary subcutaneous nodules, predominantly in the head and neck region and frequently associated with regional lymphadenopathy and/or salivary gland involvement. Because of painless nature and indolent course, there is usually a delay in the patient's presentation. KD may radiologically mimic other chronic inflammatory conditions like tuberculosis, vascular malformations and neoplasms. Clinical correlation and histological evaluation along with elevated peripheral eosinophil and serum IgE level are considered important for confirmatory diagnosis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754802/ultrasonography-of-major-salivary-glands-compared-with-parotid-and-labial-gland-biopsy-and-classification-criteria-in-patients-with-clinically-suspected-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#8
Esther Mossel, Konstantina Delli, Jolien F van Nimwegen, Alja J Stel, Frans G M Kroese, Fred K L Spijkervet, Arjan Vissink, Suzanne Arends, Hendrika Bootsma
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of ultrasound of major salivary glands (sUS) compared with parotid and labial gland biopsies, sialometry, anti-SSA/Ro antibody status and classification criteria in patients clinically suspected with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: 103 consecutive outpatients with clinically suspected pSS underwent sUS. Parenchymal echogenicity, homogeneity, hypoechogenic areas, hyperechogenic reflections and clearness of salivary gland border were scored according to the Hocevar scoring system...
July 28, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754751/intraparotid-ductal-ectasia-rare-cause-of-parotid-swelling
#9
Houda Chahed, Samia Meherzi, Azza Mediouni, Mohamed Ben Amor
A 41-year-old patient was hospitalised for a chronic right parotid mass. A cervical ultrasound revealed a cystic mass of the parotid. Cervical MRI found a ductal ectasia of the parotid and submandibular glands associated with a retention cyst of the right parotid. He had a right total parotidectomy. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed a multilocular cystic mass with a diffuse glandular ectasia of salivary ducts. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course without any recurrence of symptoms...
July 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707525/is-there-a-role-for-ultrasound-guided-sialoplasty-in-the-management-of-salivary-duct-strictures
#10
Jimmy Makdissi, Lee Feinberg, Amit Roy
Ductal stricture is a common cause of obstructive salivary gland disease. Balloon dilatation of the parotid duct as a minimally invasive technique is currently carried out under fluoroscopic guidance or during sialendocopy. We present a case report of ultrasound guided balloon dilatation. A 45 year old lady presented with a long history of obstructive symptoms affecting the right parotid gland. Ultrasound examination revealed a tortuous right main parotid duct with marked dilatation throughout its course and multiple sites of focal stricture formation...
July 14, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699306/strategies-for-building-a-successful-ultrasound-guided-fna-practice-in-department-of-pathology-experience-at-a-university-hospital
#11
Maoxin Wu, Kenneth R Shroyer
INTRODUCTION: Although pathology services focused on fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of superficial palpable masses with on-site cytological evaluation are available in a wide range of clinical and academic settings, the addition of ultrasound (US) guidance into FNA practice by a cytopathologist group can be challenging. An US-FNA service provided by a cytopathologist in the department of Pathology is a relatively new practice in the field of medicine. This report summarizes our experience and strategies in achieving this objective and our successful preliminary results...
July 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699165/ultrasound-guided-core-needle-biopsy-in-salivary-glands-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Hee Joon Kim, Jong Seung Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Core needle biopsy is an effective diagnostic tool widely used in many oncological diagnostic approaches. It provides an adequate tissue sample for histological evaluation of architecture, which allows tumor grading and classification of malignant and benign tumors. This study aimed to provide an updated meta-analysis and systematic review of core needle biopsy in the salivary glands. STUDY DESIGN: A literature search using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library through December 2016...
July 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670850/cystic-major-salivary-gland-lesions-utilizing-fine-needle-aspiration-to-optimize-the-clinical-management-of-a-broad-and-diverse-differential-diagnosis
#13
Derek B Allison, Austin M McCuiston, Satomi Kawamoto, David W Eisele, Justin A Bishop, Zahra Maleki
INTRODUCTION: The use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology for the preoperative evaluation of salivary gland lesions is an accepted but, currently, nonstandardized practice. More specifically, cystic major salivary gland lesions are relatively rare and can be very challenging to diagnose on FNA due to low cellularity and an incredibly broad differential diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic utility of preoperative FNA cytology for cystic major salivary gland lesions...
July 3, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646544/pure-intraductal-carcinoma-of-the-parotid-gland-cytologic-findings-on-fna-sample-report-of-one-case
#14
Jessica Barizzi, Elisabetta Merlo, Rene Schönegg, Raffaele Pelloni, Luca Mazzuchelli, Franco Fulciniti
One case of intraductal carcinoma of the parotid gland in a 67-year-old male patient is here introduced. The patient, who had a one-year history of a parotid mass, had undergone ultrasound and MRI examination that disclosed a 13x4x3 mm well delimited nodular mass of the accessory lobe of his left parotid gland. Ultrasound-guided Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) had been performed by the clinician. The obtained smears showed widespread cellular necrosis in which cellular clusters with moderate and focally severe atypias displayed papillary and cribriform architecture and were admixed with sheets of epithelial cells with less striking nuclear atypias, squamous, or apocrine metaplasia...
June 23, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543000/fine-needle-aspiration-with-selective-use-of-core-needle-biopsy-of-major-salivary-gland-tumors
#15
Erica B Romano, Jason M Wagner, Anthony M Alleman, Lichao Zhao, Rachel D Conrad, Greg A Krempl
OBJECTIVES: Preferential use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) versus core needle biopsy (CNB) for distinguishing benign from malignant major salivary gland tumors is highly debated. The main disadvantage of FNA is lower sensitivity, whereas arguments against CNB include use of a larger bore needle and greater risk of complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate our experience performing ultrasound-guided (UG) FNA with selective use of CNB based on preliminary cytopathology, and to determine whether our preoperative diagnostic approach is more sensitive and specific than FNA alone-and at least as sensitive and specific as CNB alone...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530128/in-vivo-endocrine-secretion-of-prostacyclin-following-expression-of-a-cyclooxygenase-1-prostacyclin-fusion-protein-in-the-salivary-glands-of-rats-via-nonviral-gene-therapy
#16
Zhimin Wang, Raymond L Benza, Lee Zourelias, Angela Sanguino, Ramaz Geguchadze, Kelly J Shields, Changgong Wu, Kristin B Highland, Michael J Passineau
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease that culminates in right heart failure and death. Prostacyclin (PGI2) and its derivatives are effective treatments for PAH when administered as continuous parenteral infusions. This treatment paradigm requires medical sophistication, and patients are at risk for complications from an indewelling catheter; drug interruptions may result in rebound pulmonary hypertension and death. We hypothesized that the salivary gland can be repurposed into an endogenous production site for circulating PGI2 through the expression of a fusion protein embodying cyclooxygenase-1 (Cox1) and prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) domains...
August 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516976/salivary-duct-stenosis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
M Koch, H Iro
The management of stenoses of the major salivary glands had undergone a significant change during the last 15-20 years. Accurate diagnosis forms the basis of adapted minimal invasive therapy. Conventional sialography and MR-sialography are useful examination tools, and ultrasound seems to be a first-line investigational tool if salivary duct stenosis is suspected as cause of gland obstruction. Sialendoscopy is the best choice to establish final diagnosis and characterise the stenosis in order to plan accurate treatment...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516970/diagnostic-work-up-in-obstructive-and-inflammatory-salivary-gland-disorders
#18
L Ugga, M Ravanelli, A A Pallottino, D Farina, R Maroldi
Inflammatory and obstructive disorders of the salivary glands are caused by very different pathological conditions affecting the gland tissue and/or the excretory system. The clinical setting is essential to address the appropriate diagnostic imaging work-up. According to history and physical examination, four main clinical scenarios can be recognised: (1) acute generalised swelling of major salivary glands; (2) acute swelling of a single major salivary gland; (3) chronic generalised swelling of major salivary glands, associated or not with "dry mouth"; (4) chronic or prolonged swelling of a single major salivary gland...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493480/sonographic-findings-of-igg4-related-disease-of-the-salivary-glands-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Anand K Narayan, Alan Baer, Joel Fradin
IgG4-related disease is a relatively newly described entity with findings that historically have been confused with a variety of other diseases with markedly different treatments and prognoses, including Sjogren's syndrome and MALT lymphoma. We present a case of IgG4-related disease of the salivary glands and review the literature on sonographic findings of IgG4-related disease. By connecting sonographic features of IgG4 disease with common ancillary features of IgG4 disease in other sites (pancreas, hilar lymph nodes, biliary tree, thyroid, and retroperitoneum), radiologists can play a pivotal role in the early diagnosis and identification of IgG4-related disease...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492904/screening-for-thyroid-cancer-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer S Lin, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Selvi B Williams, Caitlin C Morrison
Importance: The incidence of detected thyroid cancer cases has been increasing in the United States since 1975. The majority of thyroid cancers are differentiated cancers with excellent prognosis and long-term survival. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms associated with thyroid cancer screening and treatment of early thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant studies published from January 1966 through January 2016, with active surveillance through December 2016...
May 9, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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