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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220710/life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-among-money-boys-in-china
#1
A Zhang, J Yan, G Yang, X Tan, X Wang, S Tan
OBJECTIVES: Money Boy (MB) is a unique term used in China referring to a specialized population of men who sell sex to other men. Life satisfaction can influence one's health-related behaviors. The aim of our study was to find out the situation of MBs' life satisfaction and its associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study among MBs was conducted between July and December 2013 in Hunan province, China. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling method was used for recruitment, with the initial seven 'seeds' found from a gay dating website, and 234 participants were enrolled into the study...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220203/recent-advances-in-fertility-preservation-and-counseling-for-female-cancer-patients
#2
Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Ensuring quality of life for increasing numbers of women surviving cancer has become a key challenge. Patients need to be counseled on potential fertility loss resulting from gonadotoxic treatments, and referred to fertility specialists to discuss existing options and available results. Areas covered: Fertility preservation options have existed for over twenty years. The proposed fertility preservation approach depends on patient age, the urgency of required chemotherapy, and psychosocial factors such as financial concerns, especially in countries where techniques are not covered by social security...
December 8, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218498/the-epidemiology-of-coping-in-african-american-adults-in-the-jackson-heart-study-jhs
#3
Allison B Brenner, Ana V Diez-Roux, Samson Y Gebreab, Amy J Schulz, Mario Sims
Differences in coping within the African American population are not well understood, yet these differences may be critical to reducing stress, improving health, and reducing racial health disparities. Using a descriptive, exploratory analysis of the Jackson Heart Study (N = 5301), we examine correlations between coping responses and associations between coping and demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood factors. Overall, coping responses were not strongly correlated and patterns of associations between covariates and coping responses were largely inconsistent...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217949/the-effect-of-psychosocial-factors-and-patients-perception-of-tuberculosis-treatment-non-adherence-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#4
Habteyes Hailu Tola, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Azar Tol, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Luche Tadesse Ejeta, Abebaw Kebede, Desta Kassa
Background: Although there are several studies reported on factors affecting tuberculosis (TB) treatment non-adherence, there is information gap on psychosocial and patients' perceptions aspects. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the effect of psychosocial factors and patients' perceptions on TB treatment non-adherence in Ethiopia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Addis Ababa from May to December, 2014. Thirty one health facilities were randomly selected and 698 TB patients, who had been on treatment, were enrolled consecutively using patient registration number...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214946/psychosomatic-and-psychosocial-questions-regarding-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know-or-what-do-we-think-we-know
#5
Stephan Herpertz, Henrik Kessler, Sebastian Jongen
SUBJECT: In view of the epidemic increase in severe obesity and the ineffectiveness of conservative weight-loss interventions, bariatric surgery delivers compelling results for patients with class II (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m²) and class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²), not only in reducing weight over the long term, but also in reducing obesity-related somatic comorbidity and improving psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Investigations into the psychosocial aspects of obesity surgery have proliferated over the last 15 years, providing a huge amount of essential research data...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214195/work-stress-fatigue-and-risk-behaviors-at-the-wheel-data-to-assess-the-association-between-psychosocial-work-factors-and-risky-driving-on-bus-rapid-transit-drivers
#6
Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Viviola Gómez
This Data in Brief (DiB) article presents a hierarchical multiple linear regression model that examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and risk behaviors at the wheel in Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) drivers (n=524). The data were collected using a structured self-administrable questionnaire made of measurements of wok stress (job strain and effort- reward imbalance), fatigue (need for recovery and chronic fatigue), psychological distress and demographics (professional driving experience, hours driven per day and days working per week)...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212608/clinical-islet-transplantation-for-type-1-diabetes-in-canada-referral-patterns-and-eligibility-assessment
#7
Ying Ling, Aashna Gill, Richard Oram, A M James Shapiro, Peter Senior
OBJECTIVES: Careful selection for clinical islet transplantation (CIT) is required because of limited organ supply and the risks for lifelong immunosuppression. However, the indications for this novel treatment may not be widely known, and selection criteria continue to evolve. We sought to describe the pattern of referrals to our centre and the most common factors determining eligibility for CIT. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all applications for CIT received at the University of Alberta between May 2009 and April 2012...
December 4, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211759/comparison-of-construct-validity-of-two-short-forms-of-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-scale
#8
Chia-Yeh Chou, Chien-Yu Huang, Yi-Jing Huang, Gong-Hong Lin, Sheau-Ling Huang, Shu-Chun Lee, Ching-Lin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: No studies have compared the 2-factor structures of Wong's and Post's versions of the short-form Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (i.e., 12-item SSQOL) scale. This study compared the construct validity of 2 short-forms of the 12-item-SSQOL (not the 12-domain-SSQOL). METHODS: Data were obtained from a previous validation study of the original 49-item SSQOL in 263 patients. Construct validity was tested by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine whether the two-factor structure, including psychosocial and physical domains, was supported in both versions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211726/psychosocial-and-socioeconomic-determinants-of-cardiovascular-mortality-in-eastern-europe-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Taavi Tillmann, Hynek Pikhart, Anne Peasey, Ruzena Kubinova, Andrzej Pajak, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Sofia Malyutina, Andrew Steptoe, Mika Kivimäki, Michael Marmot, Martin Bobak
BACKGROUND: Eastern European countries have some of the highest rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, much of which cannot be adequately accounted for by conventional CVD risk factors. Psychosocial and socioeconomic factors may affect risk of CVD, but relatively few studies on this issue have been undertaken in Eastern Europe. We investigated whether various psychosocial factors are associated with CVD mortality independently from each other and whether they can help explain differences in CVD mortality between Eastern European populations...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210773/do-psychosocial-factors-have-any-impact-on-outcomes-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#10
Scott Lundgren, Brian D Lowes, Ronald Zolty, Adam Burdorf, Eugenia Raichlin, John Y Um, Cecilia Poon
Psychosocial factors have been show to impact survival and outcomes in a number of different diseases, including heart failure and patients receiving heart transplantation. With the increasing utilization of these devices, it is important to identify risk factors that could impact post-left ventricular assist device (LVAD) outcomes. This study was a single center, retrospective analysis of 238 patients who underwent implantation of a LVAD between July 27, 2004, and July 21, 2016, at The University of Nebraska Medical Center...
November 27, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208864/how-does-family-structure-relate-with-children-s-language-development-a-cross-sectional-experience-from-urban-slums-in-dhaka
#11
S Islam, F Nusrat, S A Esha, F Mehrin, A Hilaly, S Shiraji, M I Hasan, F Tofail, J D Hamadani
Family structure is an important factor for children's overall development. In this cross sectional study, we explored how single parenting relates to child's language development in slums of Dhaka city, Bangladesh from 31st August 2010 to 9th February 2011. Children aged 10 to 24 months (n=133), living with mother only and those living with both parents were included. Children's comprehensive and expressive language development was assessed using the Bengali version of Mac Arthur's Communicative Development Inventory (MCDI)...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208483/initial-validation-of-the-nine-item-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-screen-nias-a-measure-of-three-restrictive-eating-patterns
#12
Hana F Zickgraf, Jordan M Ellis
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating or feeding disorder characterized by inadequate nutritional or caloric intake leading to weight loss, nutritional deficiency, supplement dependence, and/or significant psychosocial impairment. DSM-5 lists three different eating patterns that can lead to symptoms of ARFID: avoidance of foods due to their sensory properties (e.g., picky eating), poor appetite or limited interest in eating, or fear of negative consequences from eating. Research on the prevalence and psychopathology of ARFID is limited by the lack of validated instruments to measure these eating behaviors...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208253/socioeconomic-psychosocial-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-patients-hospitalized-with-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Matthew E Dupre, Alicia Nelson, Scott M Lynch, Bradi B Granger, Hanzhang Xu, Erik Churchill, Janese M Willis, Lesley H Curtis, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have drawn attention to nonclinical factors to better understand disparities in the development, treatment and prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, there has been limited research describing the nonclinical characteristics of patients hospitalized for cardiovascular care. METHODS: Data for this study come from 520 patients admitted to the Duke Heart Center from January 1, 2015 through January 10, 2017. Electronic medical records and a standardized survey administered before discharge were used to ascertain detailed information on patients' demographic (age, sex, race, marital status and living arrangement), socioeconomic (education, employment and health insurance), psychosocial (health literacy, health self-efficacy, social support, stress and depressive symptoms) and behavioral (smoking, drinking and medication adherence) attributes...
December 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207928/occupational-gender-composition-and-mild-to-severe-depression-in-a-swedish-cohort-the-impact-of-psychosocial-work-factors
#14
Anna Nyberg, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber, Anne Hammarström, Töres Theorell
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between occupational gender composition, psychosocial work factors and mild to severe depression in Swedish women and men with various educational backgrounds. METHODS: The study included 5560 participants from two waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health, an approximately representative sample of the Swedish working population. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals of mild to severe depression in 2014 were estimated for five strata of occupational gender composition with >20-40%, >40-60%, >60-80% and >80-100% women, using 0-20% women as the reference...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207561/cross-national-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-of-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-india-and-japan
#15
REVIEW
Mizuki Takegata, Yukiko Ohashi, Anisha Lazarus, Toshinori Kitamura
Perinatal depression is prevalent worldwide. However, there are few available studies that discuss the different cultural factors affecting perinatal depression within Asian countries. This study aims to compare the literature regarding related factors relating to perinatal depression in India and Japan, and to synthesize the evidence common to both countries in addition to the country-specific evidence. We conducted a systematic review using several databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, Pubmed, Ovid, SCOPUS, IndMED, and ICHUSI)...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207455/verbal-communication-of-students-with-high-patient-physician-interaction-scores-in-a-clinical-performance-examination-assessed-by-standardized-patients
#16
HyeRin Roh, Kyung Hye Park, Song Yi Park
PURPOSE: Standardized patients (SPs) tend to rate medical students' communication skills subjectively and comprehensively, in contrast to such objective skill set defined in the clinical performance examination (CPX). Meanwhile, medical school instructors have a different approach in their evaluation of students' communication skills. We aim to analyze medical students' verbal communication skills using objective methods, and to determine the contributing factors of a patient-physician interaction (PPI) score...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207396/instrumentalization-of-eating-improves-weight-loss-maintenance-in-obesity
#17
Bodil Just Christensen, Eva Winning Iepsen, Julie Lundgren, Lotte Holm, Sten Madsbad, Jens Juul Holst, Signe Sørensen Torekov
AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial determinants for maintaining weight loss. METHODS: 42 obese individuals who achieved a 12% weight loss before entering a 52-week weight maintenance program were interviewed qualitatively. Psychosocial factors related to weight loss maintenance were identified in two contrasting groups: weight reducers and weight regainers. Groups were defined by health-relevant weight maintenance (additional weight loss > 3% at week 52, n = 9 versus weight gain > 3%, at week 52, n = 20)...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206773/trauma-exposure-and-endothelial-function-among-midlife-women
#18
Rebecca C Thurston, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Roland von Känel, Yuefang Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Trauma is a potent exposure that can have implications for health. However, little research has considered whether trauma exposure is related to endothelial function, a key process in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We tested whether exposure to traumatic experiences was related to poorer endothelial function among midlife women, independent of CVD risk factors, demographic factors, psychosocial factors, or a history of childhood abuse. METHODS: In all, 272 nonsmoking perimenopausal and postmenopausal women aged 40 to 60 years without clinical CVD completed the Brief Trauma Questionnaire, the Child Trauma Questionnaire, physical measures, a blood draw, and a brachial ultrasound for assessment of brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD)...
December 4, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204785/quality-of-life-of-french-canadian-parents-raising-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-effects-of-psychosocial-factors
#19
Émilie Cappe, Nathalie Poirier, Carol Sankey, Andréa Belzil, Carmen Dionne
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the quality of life of parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder in Quebec. METHODS: Seventy-seven participants completed a questionnaire with socio-biographic information and five self-assessed scales, to measure perceived stress, social support and control, coping strategies, and quality of life. RESULTS: Perception of their child's autonomy level, of the severity of the disorder, of the family's income, as well as changes in their professional or familial organization influenced parents' quality of life...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203014/teens-distracted-driving-behavior-prevalence-and-predictors
#20
Pnina Gershon, Chunming Zhu, Sheila G Klauer, Tom Dingus, Bruce Simons-Morton
INTRODUCTION: Teen drivers' over-involvement in crashes has been attributed to a variety of factors, including distracted driving. With the rapid development of in-vehicle systems and portable electronic devices, the burden associated with distracted driving is expected to increase. The current study identifies predictors of secondary task engagement among teenage drivers and provides basis for interventions to reduce distracted driving behavior. We described the prevalence of secondary tasks by type and driving conditions and evaluated the associations between the prevalence of secondary task engagement, driving conditions, and selected psychosocial factors...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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