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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655971/predictive-validity-and-gender-differences-in-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-risk-assessment-in-acute-psychiatry
#1
Bjørn Magne S Eriksen, Ann Færden, Øyvind Lockertsen, Stål Bjørkly, John Olav Roaldset
Current violence risk assessment methods seem to have reached an upper limit of accuracy. More comprehensive biopsychosocial models may improve on existing methods. Research on gender differences concerning risk factors of violence is scarce and inconclusive. In this prospective study from an acute psychiatric ward, all patients admitted from March 2012 to March 2013 were included. Predictive validity and potential gender differences in a biopsychosocial model of violence risk assessment consisting of a psychosocial checklist (Violence risk screening-10, V-RISK-10), a patient's self-report risk scale (SRS), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) were examined in an inpatient (N = 348) and a 3-months follow-up (N = 101) sample...
April 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652947/-predictors-of-remission-from-major-depressive-disorder-in-secondary-care
#2
Lilian Salvo, Sandra Saldivia, Carlos Parra, Manuel Cifuentes, Claudio Bustos, Paola Acevedo, Marcela Díaz, Mitza Ormazabal, Ivonne Guerra, Nicol Navarrete, Verónica Bravo, Andrea Castro
Background The knowledge of predictive factors in depression should help to deal with the disease. Aim To assess potential predictors of remission of major depressive disorders (MDD) in secondary care and to propose a predictive model. Material and Methods A 12 month follow-up study was conducted in a sample of 112 outpatients at three psychiatric care centers of Chile, with baseline and quarterly assessments. Demographic, psychosocial, clinical and treatment factors as potential predictors, were assessed. A clinical interview with the checklist of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria, the Hamilton Depression Scale and the List of Threatening Experiences and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support were applied...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652937/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-12-months-postpartum-and-child-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior-at-three-years
#3
Dawn Kingston, Heather Kehler, Marie-Paule Austin, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Abdul Wajid, Lydia Vermeyden, Karen Benzies, Stephanie Brown, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Giallo
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652531/adult-narratives-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-cleft-in-a-western-australian-cohort
#4
Wendy Nicholls, Martin Persson, Suzanne Robinson, Linda Selvey
BACKGROUND: Living with a cleft condition involves many years of multidisciplinary therapy, treatment, and surgical intervention. This complex process may have both physical and psychosocial long-term impacts. There is limited evidence of the psychosocial impact of cleft on individuals in Australia. AIM: To obtain an understanding of the adult patient perception of having a cleft and explore the impact of the condition on their lives. DESIGN: Qualitative methodologies at one case study site in Western Australia...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652098/monitoring-progress-towards-the-first-unaids-target-understanding-the-impact-of-people-living-with-hiv-who-re-test-during-hiv-testing-campaigns-in-rural-mozambique
#5
Laura Fuente-Soro, Elisa Lopez-Varela, Orvalho Augusto, Charfudin Sacoor, Ariel Nhacolo, Nely Honwana, Esmeralda Karajeanes, Paula Vaz, Denise Naniche
INTRODUCTION: Awareness of HIV-infection goes beyond diagnosis, and encompasses understanding, acceptance, disclosure and initiation of the HIV-care. We aimed to characterize the HIV-positive population that underwent repeat HIV-testing without disclosing their serostatus and the impact on estimates of the first UNAIDS 90 target. METHODS: This analysis was nested in a prospective cohort established in southern Mozambique which conducted three HIV-testing modalities: voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), provider-initiated counselling and testing (PICT) and home-based testing (HBT)...
April 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651230/sex-and-age-differences-in-risk-factors-of-marijuana-involvement-during-adolescence
#6
Lian-Yu Chen, Silvia S Martins, Eric C Strain, Ramin Mojtabai, Carla L Storr
Objectives: We aimed to examine whether there are sex and age differences in psychosocial risk factors of marijuana use during adolescence. Methods: Data were drawn from 57,767 adolescents (8th and 10th graders) from the 2012-2013 Monitoring the Future study. We examined the association between socio-demographic and behavioral correlates with different frequencies of past-year marijuana use (non-use, occasional use: <10 time, frequent use: 10-39 times, and regular use: 40+ times)...
March 2018: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651112/behavioural-medicine-and-gastrointestinal-disorders-the-promise-of-positive-psychology
#7
REVIEW
Laurie Keefer
Psychosocial risk factors linked to brain-gut dysregulation are prevalent across the spectrum of gastrointestinal disorders and are associated with poor patient outcomes. Robust and reproducible data in the areas of behavioural intervention science and the brain-gut axis have led to major advances in patient care, including the routine use of brain-gut psychotherapies to manage digestive symptoms and optimize coping. The logical next step for the emerging field of psychogastroenterology is to develop a scientific framework that enables the identification of those individual characteristics and coping styles that buffer patients against the negative psychological effects of chronic gastrointestinal disorders...
April 12, 2018: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650050/the-associations-of-comorbidities-and-consumption-of-fruit-and-vegetable-with-quality-of-life-among-stomach-cancer-survivors
#8
Ji-Wei Wang, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Qing-Long Deng, Wan-Li Chen, Xian Wang, Jin-Ming Yu
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer survivors (SCS) often carry the dual burden of the cancer itself and other comorbidities; meanwhile, they are highly motivated to seek health advice about lifestyles to improve their health and quality of life (QOL). The associations of the comorbidity and the consumption of vegetable and fruit with QOL remain even less clear among the SCS. This study aimed to investigate the associations of comorbidities and consumption of fruit and vegetable with QOL among SCS...
April 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649167/assessment-of-indoor-air-quality-problems-in-office-like-environments-role-of-occupational-health-services
#10
REVIEW
Paolo Carrer, Peder Wolkoff
There is an increasing concern about indoor air quality (IAQ) and its impact on health, comfort, and work-performance in office-like environments and their workers, which account for most of the labor force. The Scientific Committee on Indoor Air Quality and Health of the ICOH (Int. Comm. Occup. Health) has discussed the assessment and management of IAQ problems and proposed a stepwise approach to be conducted by a multidisciplinary team. It is recommended to integrate the building assessment, inspection by walk-through of the office workplace, questionnaire survey, and environmental measurements, in that order...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#11
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648683/long-term-outcomes-following-achievement-of-clinically-inactive-disease-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-the-importance-of-definition
#12
Stephanie Jw Shoop-Worrall, Suzanne Mm Verstappen, Janet E McDonagh, Eileen Baildam, Alice Chieng, Joyce Davidson, Helen Foster, Yiannis Ioannou, Flora McErlane, Lucy R Wedderburn, W Thomson, Kimme L Hyrich
BACKGROUND: Potential targets for treat-to-target strategies in JIA are minimal disease activity (MDA) and clinically inactive disease (CID). Short and long-term outcomes following achievement of MDA and CID on the cJADAS10 and CID on Wallace's preliminary criteria were compared. METHODS: Children recruited to the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study, a UK multicentre inception cohort, were selected if recruited prior to January 2011 and diagnosed with oligoarthritis or rheumatoid factor negative or positive polyarthritis...
April 12, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648499/burnout-among-pilots-psychosocial-factors-related-to-happiness-and-score-on-simulator-training
#13
Evangelia Demerouti, Wouter Veldhuis, Claire Coombes, Rob Hunter
In this study among airline pilots, we aim to uncover the work characteristics (job demands and resources) and the outcomes (job crafting, happiness and simulator training performance) that are related to burnout for this occupational group. Using a large sample of airline pilots, we showed that 40% of the participating pilots experience high burnout. In line with Job Demands-Resources theory, job demands were detrimental for simulator training performance because they made pilots more exhausted and less able to craft their job, whereas job resources had a favourable effect because they reduced feelings of disengagement and increased job crafting...
April 12, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645321/maternal-perceptions-of-brca-genetic-counseling-communication-processes-about-disclosing-cancer-risk-information-to-children-and-adult-relatives
#14
Jada G Hamilton, Beth N Peshkin, Darren Mays, Tiffani A DeMarco, Andrea Farkas Patenaude, Kenneth P Tercyak
OBJECTIVES: Using a novel measure, examine maternal perceptions of the process by which issues pertaining to family communication of BRCA test results are addressed during cancer genetic counseling. METHODS: After receiving BRCA results, mothers (N=211) of minor-age children reported on their counseling experiences with providers using a communication process measure as well as other psychosocial variables. RESULTS: The novel Genetic Counseling Communication Process measure demonstrated good internal consistency of its two factors: patient-led communication (Cronbach's α=0...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644946/the-incidence-risk-factors-and-chronobiology-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-ten-years-after-hurricane-katrina
#15
John C Moscona, Matthew N Peters, Rohit Maini, Paul Katigbak, Bradley Deere, Holly Gonzales, Christopher Westley, Hassan Baydoun, Kapil Yadav, Patrick Ters, Ahmad Jabbar, Alaa Boulad, Indrajeet Mahata, Taraka V Gadiraju, Ryan Nelson, Sudesh Srivastav, Anand Irimpen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the 10-year impact of Hurricane Katrina on the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) along with contributing risk factors and any alteration in chronobiology of AMI. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective, comparison study of AMI incidence was performed at Tulane University Health Sciences Center from 2 years before Hurricane Katrina to 10 years after Hurricane Katrina. A 6-year, pre-Katrina and 10-year, post-Katrina cohort were also compared according to pre-specified demographic, clinical, and chronobiological data...
April 12, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642480/examining-youth-dual-and-polytobacco-use-with-e-cigarettes
#16
Youn Ok Lee, Jessica K Pepper, Anna J MacMonegle, James M Nonnemaker, Jennifer C Duke, Lauren Porter
E-cigarettes and other non-cigarette tobacco products are increasingly popular among youth. Little is known to inform public health efforts to reduce youth use. We examined psychosocial correlates of single and multiple tobacco product use among youth e-cigarette users. Data were from the 2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey ( N = 69,923), a representative sample of Florida middle and high school students. Associations between combinations of e-cigarette, cigarette and other tobacco product (OTP) use and psychosocial variables were examined using multinomial logistic regression with an analytic sample of N = 2756...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629409/genital-herpes-stigma-toward-the-measurement-and-validation-of-a-highly-prevalent-yet-hidden-public-health-problem
#17
Katie Wang, Abigail Merin, H Jonathon Rendina, John E Pachankis
Despite its highly prevalent and stigmatizing nature, genital herpes has received little attention from stigma researchers relative to other sexually transmitted infections. This limitation is of great relevance to researchers and practitioners in both clinical and healthcare settings, given that stigma can cause psychological distress and hinder disclosure to sexual partners, hence contributing to the spread of genital herpes. The present research developed and examined the psychometric properties of a quantitative measure of genital herpes stigma...
February 2018: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629182/psychosocial-stress-factors-including-the-relationship-with-the-coach-and-their-influence-on-acute-and-overuse-injury-risk-in-elite-female-football-players
#18
Anne Marte Pensgaard, Andreas Ivarsson, Agnethe Nilstad, Bård Erlend Solstad, Kathrin Steffen
Background: The relationship between specific types of stressors (eg, teammates, coach) and acute versus overuse injuries is not well understood. Objective: To examine the roles of different types of stressors as well as the effect of motivational climate on the occurrence of acute and overuse injuries. Methods: Players in the Norwegian elite female football league (n=193 players from 12 teams) participated in baseline screening tests prior to the 2009 competitive football season...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628069/experiences-of-discrimination-are-associated-with-greater-resting-amygdala-activity-and-functional-connectivity
#19
Uraina S Clark, Evan R Miller, Rachal R Hegde
BACKGROUND: Social discrimination, a type of psychological stressor, is associated with poorer physical and mental health outcomes, yet we have little understanding of how discrimination affects neural functions in marginalized populations. By contrast, the effects of psychological stress on neural functions are well documented, with evidence of significant effects on the amygdala-a neural region that is central to psychosocial functions. Accordingly, we conducted an examination of the relation between self-reported discrimination exposure and amygdala activity in a diverse sample of adults...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628038/-patterns-of-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-nursing
#20
Ana J Sebastián Hernández, Luís Carlos Arranz Santamaría
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterized by an acquired cognitive loss that places individuals, mainly older adults, in an intermediate stage between normal cognitive functioning and dementia. This impairment has a high risk of progression to dementia and is suitable for screening, which allows more effective early intervention. Nursing professionals, especially community-based primary care nurses, play an important role in the detection and follow-up of MCI and in interventions for this condition. The first step should be to take a thorough history from both the patient and his or her carers, which should assess the changes occurring in the patient's daily, family and social life through functional patterns...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
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