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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106669/translational-studies-identify-long-term-impact-of-prior-neonatal-pain-experience
#1
Suellen M Walker
Pain sensitivity and risk of chronic pain can be influenced by past experience. Childhood stress/adversity has been associated with chronic pain, mood disorders, and altered disease vulnerability decades later. As the rate of preterm birth and survival at earlier gestational ages increases, and advances in peri-operative care and surgery allow more complex surgical interventions to be performed in neonates, evaluation of treatment 'success' must extend beyond acute morbidity and mortality to encompass effects on subsequent neurodevelopmental outcome, and also sensory, cognitive and behavioral responses to pain in later life...
January 12, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105501/-diagnostics-and-multimodal-treatment-of-depression-in-old-age-new-developments
#2
Gerhard W Eschweiler
Depressive disorders in elderly persons are frequent and can either first be manifested at a younger age and show a recurrent pattern during later life (ICD 10, F33.*) or have an onset beyond 60 years, which is termed late onset depression (LOD). This LOD has a higher tendency to chronification and implies an increased risk of progression, especially to vascular dementia. The multifactorial genesis of depression in old age includes psychosocial, vascular and metabolic factors and requires multimodal therapy modules at the biological and psychosocial level, which is now increasingly being empirically proven...
January 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104562/assessing-patient-rated-vs-clinician-rated-adherence-to-the-therapy-in-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-schizophrenia-responders-and-non-schizophrenia-patients
#3
Felice Iasevoli, Andrea Fagiolini, Maria Vittoria Formato, Emiliano Prinzivalli, Sara Giordano, Raffaele Balletta, Vincenzo De Luca, Andrea de Bartolomeis
The present study evaluated consistency, reliability, and determinants of two real-world measures of adherence to prescription in 57 schizophrenia and 61 non-schizophrenia patients. Treatment resistant schizophrenia (TRS) was additionally diagnosed in 28 of the schizophrenia patients. Patients were screened for clinical severity, cognitive functioning, and adherence by 10-item Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI-10) or Adherence-to-Therapy (AtT), a clinician-rated tool developed by our group. DAI-10 and AtT scores showed a significant correlation (p=0...
January 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104338/prevalence-and-determinants-of-insomnia-after-a-myocardial-infarction
#4
Deborah Da Costa, Ava-Ann Allman, Eva Libman, Philip Desormeau, Ilka Lowensteyn, Steven Grover
BACKGROUND: This study analyzed cross-sectional data to examine the prevalence of insomnia and to identify factors associated with insomnia after a myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: The participants were 209 individuals with a recent MI. At approximately 5 weeks post-MI, participants completed standardized self-report measures assessing insomnia (Insomnia Severity Index) and various sociodemographic, clinical, behavioral, and psychosocial variables, including stressful life events, depressive symptoms, and dysfunctional beliefs about sleep...
November 8, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103266/adherence-to-prophylaxis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-severe-haemophilia-a-quantitative-study-with-patients
#5
Sandra B van Os, Nick A Troop, Keith R Sullivan, Daniel P Hart
INTRODUCTION: haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency in one of the blood coagulation factors. For people affected by severe haemophilia, the deficiency can cause spontaneous internal bleeding. Most young people with severe haemophilia in the UK follow a preventative treatment regimen (prophylaxis) consisting of several intravenous injections of factor concentrate each week. There is good evidence that prophylaxis reduces bleeds whilst also improving quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102714/validity-and-reliability-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-social-skills-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-study
#6
Heather M Francis, Katherine Osborne-Crowley, Skye McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To describe the reliability and validity of a new measure, the Social Skills Questionnaire for Traumatic Brain Injury (SSQ-TBI). METHODS: Fifty-one adults with severe TBI completed the SSQ-TBI questionnaire. Scores were compared to informant- and self-report on questionnaires addressing frontal lobe mediated behaviour, as well as performance on an objective measure of social cognition and neuropsychological tasks, in order to provide evidence of concurrent, divergent and predictive validity...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101813/a-multi-us-city-assessment-of-awareness-and-uptake-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-black-men-and-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Lisa A Eaton, Derrick D Matthews, Daniel D Driffin, Leigh Bukowski, Patrick A Wilson, Ron D Stall
The HIV epidemic among Black men and transgender women who have sex with men (BMTW) demands an urgent public health response. HIV point prevalence among this population ranges from 25 to 43%-a rate far exceeding any other group. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention is a very promising prevention tool; however, its full potential to slow the epidemic has yet to be realized. For the current study, random time-location sampling at Black Gay Pride Events was used to collect data from N = 1274 BMTW, from five US cities, reporting HIV-negative/unknown status...
January 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#8
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099559/pain-induced-depression-is-related-to-overestimation-of-sleep-quality-in-a-very-elderly-population-with-pain
#9
Ricardo Humberto Felix, Carla Bezerra Lopes Almeida, Renata Carvalho Cremaschi, Fernando Morgadinho Coelho, Fânia Cristina Santos
Objective: To study the quality of sleep in very elderly people with chronic pain. Methods: We investigated 51 very elderly people without dementia and with chronic pain according to the Geriatric Pain Measure. Katz and Lawton questionnaires were used to evaluate functionality. The Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Psychosocial Assessment of Pain-induced Depression were also used. Self-perceptions of sleep and quality of sleep were checked using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098916/depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-canadians-aged-15-to-24
#10
Leanne Findlay
BACKGROUND: Among Canadians aged 15 to 24, the rate of depression is higher than at any other age, and suicide is the second leading cause of death. The current study provides detailed information about depression and suicidal ideation among young Canadians, including their use of mental health support. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH) were used to describe rates and experiences of depression and suicidal ideation among Canadians aged 15 to 24, including psychosocial characteristics of those who had depression or reported suicidal thoughts...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098718/double-exposure-to-adverse-psychosocial-work-factors-and-high-family-responsibilities-as-related-to-ambulatory-blood-pressure-at-work-a-5-year-prospective-study-in-women-with-white-collar-jobs
#11
Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Chantal Brisson, Alain Milot, Michel Vézina
OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence shows that psychosocial work factors of the demand-control and effort-reward imbalance models may contribute to increase blood pressure (BP). Women are more likely to be exposed to these psychosocial factors than men. Moreover, women spend twice as much time per week performing family responsibilities than men. This study aims to evaluate the longitudinal association of the double exposure to psychosocial work factors and high family responsibilities in women with BP over a 5-year follow-up...
January 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098505/facilitating-and-hindering-factors-for-coping-with-the-experience-of-having-a-child-with-cancer-a-lebanese-perspective
#12
Myrna A A Doumit, May Naifeh Khoury
BACKGROUND: Families with a child with cancer face significant emotional and psychosocial stressors. The frequency of childhood cancer is increasing in Lebanon with more than 282 children diagnosed each year. This condition is reported to evoke a range of challenging emotions for parents, yet no studies have been conducted on the facilitating and hindering factors that affect Lebanese parents coping with a child with cancer. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to gain an in-depth understanding of factors facilitating and hindering coping methods of Lebanese parents with a child with cancer...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097657/public-trust-in-health-information-sharing-a-measure-of-system-trust
#13
Jodyn E Platt, Peter D Jacobson, Sharon L R Kardia
OBJECTIVE: To measure public trust in a health information sharing in a broadly defined health system (system trust), inclusive of health care, public health, and research; to identify individual characteristics that predict system trust; and to consider these findings in the context of national health initiatives (e.g., learning health systems and precision medicine) that will expand the scope of data sharing. DATA SOURCES: Survey data (n = 1,011) were collected in February 2014...
January 18, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097514/cumulative-risk-exposure-and-waist-circumference-in-preschool-aged-children-the-mediating-role-of-television-and-moderating-role-of-sex
#14
Anna H Grummon, Amber Vaughn, Deborah J Jones, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Children exposed to multiple stressors are more likely to be overweight, but little is known about the mechanisms explaining this association. PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined whether children exposed to multiple stressors had higher waist circumference, and whether this association was mediated through children's television time. METHODS: Participants were 319 parent-child dyads. Children were 2-5 years old and had at least one overweight parent (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2))...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097173/contributing-factors-to-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-among-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of overwhelming changes and challenges, which expose the adolescents to high-risk behaviors. Risky sexual relationship is one of these behaviors that entails physical risks and psychosocial harms. Various factors have been recognized to shape sexual behaviors in adolescents. This paper is an attempt to investigate the factors contributing to high-risk sexual behaviors in Iranian adolescent girls. METHODS: A literature review of the research published by Iranian authors, in Farsi or English language in local and foreign journals, was conducted using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, IranDoc, and Google Scholar...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096911/depression-and-catastrophizing-predict-suicidal-ideation-in-tertiary-care-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#16
Dean A Tripp, J Curtis Nickel, Adrijana Krsmanovic, Michel Pontari, Robert Moldwin, Robert Mayer, Lesley K Carr, Claire C Yang, Jorgen Nordling
INTRODUCTION: We sought to evaluate psychosocial factors as predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) in a tertiary care outpatient sample of women suffering from interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). METHODS: The patients are women managed at tertiary care centres (n=190). Controls were recruited from the community (n=117). Both groups completed questionnaires on demographics, pain (McGill Pain Questionnaire), IC/BPS symptoms, and psychological variables...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096898/characteristics-of-adolescents-frequently-restrained-in-acute-psychiatric-units-in-norway-a-nationwide-study
#17
Astrid Furre, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Leiv Sandvik, Svein Friis, Maria Knutzen, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer
BACKGROUND: The use of restraints in adolescent psychiatric settings requires particular professional, ethical, and legal considerations. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the number of restraint episodes per patient was related to any of several characteristics of the adolescents. METHODS: In this nationwide study, we included all adolescents restrained during the period 2008-2010 (N = 267) in Norwegian adolescent acute psychiatric inpatient units...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095760/workplace-justice-and-intention-to-leave-the-nursing-profession
#18
Weishan Chin, Yue-Liang Leon Guo, Yu-Ju Hung, Yueh-Tzu Hsieh, Li-Jie Wang, Judith Shu-Chu Shiao
BACKGROUND: Poor psychosocial work environments are considered critical factors of nurses' intention to leave their profession. Workplace injustice has been proven to increase the incidence of psychiatric morbidity among workers. However, few studies have directly investigated the effect of workplace justice on nurses' intention to leave their profession and the population attributable risk among nurses. OBJECTIVE: This study identified factors associated with workplace justice and nurses' intention to leave the profession...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095339/preadolescent-sensation-seeking-and-early-adolescent-stress-relate-to-at-risk-adolescents-substance-use-by-age-15
#19
Nora E Charles, Charles W Mathias, Ashley Acheson, Donald M Dougherty
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Substance use during adolescence can lead to the development of substance use disorders and other psychosocial problems. These negative outcomes are especially likely for individuals who use substances at earlier ages and those who engage in heavier use during adolescence, behaviors which are both more common among youth at higher risk for developing a substance use disorder, such as those with a family history of substance use disorders (FH+). Factors such as increased sensation seeking and greater exposure to stressors among FH+ youth may influence these associations...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095309/microglia-under-psychosocial-stressors-along-the-aging-trajectory-consequences-on-neuronal-circuits-behavior-and-brain-diseases
#20
Li Tian, Chin Wai Hui, Kanchan Bisht, Yunlong Tan, Kaushik Sharma, Song Chen, Xiangyang Zhang, Marie-Eve Tremblay
Mounting evidence indicates the importance of microglia for proper brain development and function, as well as in complex stress-related neuropsychiatric disorders and cognitive decline along the aging trajectory. Considering that microglia are resident immune cells of the brain, a homeostatic maintenance of their effector functions that impact neuronal circuitry, such as phagocytosis and secretion of inflammatory factors, is critical to prevent the onset and progression of these pathological conditions. However, the molecular mechanisms by which microglial functions can be properly regulated under healthy and pathological conditions are still largely unknown...
January 14, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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