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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931563/brazilian-healthcare-professionals-a-study-of-attitudes-toward-organ-donation
#1
C Araujo, M Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have a crucial role in organ donation and transplantation processes. Their attitude toward organ donation can affect public opinion and the donation decision made by deceased donors' relatives. The objectives of the study were to analyze the attitude of medical and nursing personnel toward deceased organ donation in two hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the factors that can affect this attitude. METHODS: A random sample (n = 162) was selected from the population of nurses and physicians in the hospitals analyzed...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930952/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-food-addiction-in-persons-with-obesity-seeking-weight-reduction
#2
Ariana M Chao, Jena A Shaw, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Christina M Hopkins, Zayna M Bakizada, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
INTRODUCTION: Food addiction is a controversial concept. The potential influence of food addiction on patients' psychosocial functioning and well-being has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between psychosocial functioning (depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life [HRQOL]) and food addiction as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). We also explored whether food addiction contributed additional variance in explaining psychosocial functioning, beyond demographic and clinical factors (e...
November 23, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930706/do-reported-effects-of-acute-aerobic-exercise-on-subsequent-higher-cognitive-performances-remain-if-tested-against-an-instructed-self-myofascial-release-training-control-group-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Max Oberste, Wilhelm Bloch, Sven T Hübner, Philipp Zimmer
A substantial body of evidence suggests positive effects of acute aerobic exercise (AAE) on subsequent higher cognitive functions in healthy young adults. These effects are widely understood as a result of the ongoing physiological adaptation processes induced by the preceding AAE. However, designs of published studies do not control for placebo, Hawthorne and subject expectancy effects. Therefore, these studies do not, at a high degree of validity, allow attributing effects of AEE on subsequent cognitive performance to exercise induced physical arousal...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930535/family-dysfunction-a-comparison-of-chronic-widespread-pain-and-chronic-localized-pain
#4
Chie Hayaki, Kozo Anno, Mao Shibata, Rie Iwaki, Hiroshi Kawata, Nobuyuki Sudo, Masako Hosoi
Previous studies have shown differences in the psychosocial factors related to chronic localized pain (CLP) and chronic widespread pain (CWP). However, no studies have done an evaluation of differences between CLP and CWP from the viewpoint of family functioning. We did a cross-sectional study in a tertiary care setting to investigate possible differences in the relation of CWP and CLP to family functioning.Patients with CLP (N = 126) or CWP (N = 75) were assessed for family functioning by the Family Assessment Device (FAD) and a comparison was done...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930513/percutaneous-trigeminal-ganglion-radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-alleviates-anxiety-and-depression-disorders-in-patients-with-classic-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-cohort-study
#5
YuanZhang Tang, Ling Ma, Na Li, Yuna Guo, Liqiang Yang, Baishan Wu, Jianning Yue, Qi Wang, Jingjie Liu, Jia-Xiang Ni
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a neurological condition that presents as excruciating facial pain. Depression and anxiety are commonly associated with TN; however, anxiety and depression disorders in patients with TN and the effects of the various therapeutic strategies for TN on these disorders are not well studied.To evaluate depression and anxiety in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN), identify factors that predict their occurrence and study the effect of the percutaneous trigeminal ganglion radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) procedure for alleviating pain on depression and anxiety...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930484/are-hospital-workers-healthy-a-study-of-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-obesity-among-hospital-workers
#6
Shreela V Sharma, Mudita Upadhyaya, Mandar Karhade, William B Baun, William B Perkison, Lisa A Pompeii, Henry S Brown, Deanna M Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors associated with weight status among hospital employees. METHODS: A total of n = 924 employees across the six hospitals in Texas participated in this cross-sectional study, 2012 to 2013. Association between weight status and waist circumference, blood pressure, biomarkers, diet, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and psychosocial factors was assessed. RESULTS: About 78...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929927/multiple-dimensions-of-work-related-risk-factors-and-their-relationship-to-work-ability-among-industrial-workers-in-iran
#7
Hamidreza Mokarami, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi, Ali Asgari, Alireza Choobineh, Lorann Stallones
AIMS: The present study was designed to investigate the simultaneous effects of physical, psychosocial and other work-related risk factors on the work ability index (WAI) score among industrial workers. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a questionnaire survey. 280 workers were included in the study. Data were collected using three questionnaires including the Persian version of WAI (P-WAI), the Persian version of job content questionnaire (P-JCQ) and an author-developed measure (to assess work-related factors, health-related factors and socio-demographic characteristics)...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929332/correlates-of-self-efficacy-for-disease-management-in-adolescent-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#8
Kate L Herts, Mona M Khaled, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this review was to summarize the literature regarding factors associated with self-efficacy for disease management (SEDM) in cross-sectional studies and the efficacy/effectiveness of psychosocial interventions that are designed to improve SEDM in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. The secondary aim was to assess the quality of included studies. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review using PsycINFO and PubMed to identify studies for review...
December 8, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928528/a-path-model-of-job-stress-using-thai-job-content-questionnaire-thai-jcq-among-thai-immigrant-employees-at-the-central-region-of-thailand
#9
Chonticha Kaewanuchit, Yothin Sawangdee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to verify a path model of job stress using Thai-JCQ. METHODS: The population of this cross-sectional study was 800 immigrant employees in the central region of Thailand in 2015 by stratified random sampling. Instruments used both the applied and standard questionnaires. Job stress was measured using Thai-JCQ dealt with psychosocial work factors. A path model of job stress using Thai-JCQ was verified using M-plus. RESULTS: Variables could explain the job stress change by 22...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927742/concordance-and-discordance-of-self-rated-and-researcher-measured-successful-aging-subtypes-and-associated-factors
#10
Danan Gu, Qiushi Feng, Jessica M Sautter, Fang Yang, Lei Ma, Zhihong Zhen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate subtypes of successful aging (SA) based on concordance and discordance between self-rated and researcher-defined measures and their associations with demographic, psychosocial, and life satisfaction factors. METHOD: We used multinomial logistic regression models to analyze 2013 cross-sectional survey data from 1,962 persons aged 65 and older in Shanghai that measured self-rated successful aging (SSA) with a single global assessment and researcher-defined successful aging (RSA) with a cumulative deficit index reflecting physical, physiological, cognitive, psychological, and social engagement domains...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927725/correlates-of-caregiver-participation-in-a-brief-community-based-dementia-care-management-program
#11
Shahrzad Mavandadi, Samir Patel, Amy Benson, Suzanne DiFilippo, Joel Streim, David Oslin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The evidence base for dementia care management interventions for informal caregivers (CGs) is strong, yet enrollment and sustained engagement in academic and community-based research trials is low. This study sought to examine rates and correlates of participation in a community-based, telephone-delivered dementia care management program designed to address logistic and practical barriers to participation in CG trials and services. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants included 290 CGs of older, community-dwelling, low-income care recipients (CRs) who met criteria for enrollment in a collaborative dementia care management program that provides assessment, psychosocial support and education, and connection to community resources via telephone...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926743/antecedents-of-new-onset-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-at-high-familial-risk
#12
Frances Rice, Ruth Sellers, Gemma Hammerton, Olga Eyre, Rhys Bevan-Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Stephan Collishaw, Gordon T Harold, Anita Thapar
Importance: Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals at high familial risk of depression and is associated with poor long-term mental health, social, and educational outcomes. Objectives: To examine the developmental pathways that lead to first-episode adolescent-onset MDD (incident cases) in those at high familial risk and to postulate a theoretically informed model that enables simultaneous testing of different pathways to incident adolescent-onset MDD composed of contributions from familial/genetic and social risk factors, as well as effects via specific clinical antecedents...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924239/key-strike-forces-and-their-relation-to-high-level-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms
#13
Yafa Levanon, Amit Gefen, Yehuda Lerman, Sigal Portnoy, Navah Z Ratzon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relation between key strike forces and musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS). Moreover, this study presents a key strike force measurement method to be used in a workplace setting. The correlation between key strike force characteristics and MSS was previously studied, but the measurement methods used either a single-key switch or force platforms applied under the keyboard. Most of the studies were conducted in a laboratory setting. The uniqueness of measurement methods in the current study is their ability to measure forces applied to a specific key in a workplace setting and to provide more information about specific key strike forces during typing...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924228/allied-health-professionals-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sarah P Anderson, Jodi Oakman
Work-related musculoskeletal injuries and disorders (WMSD) are a significant issue in the health care sector. Allied Health professionals (AHP) in this sector are exposed to physical and psychosocial factors associated with increased risk of developing a WMSD. Clarification of relevant hazard and risk factors for AHP is needed to improve understanding and inform WMSD risk management. A systematic analysis of the literature was undertaken to determine prevalence and risk factors for WMSD in AHP. Databases of Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL (EBSCO), EMBASE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were reviewed...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922934/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-menopause-specific-quality-of-life-questionnaire
#15
Guangning Nie, Hongyan Yang, Jian Liu, ChunMei Zhao, Xiaoyun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life (MENQOL) questionnaire was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life of postmenopausal women. Thus far, the Chinese version questionnaire has not been subjected to psychometric assessment with a large sample. This study aims to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the MENQOL specific to postmenopausal women in China. METHODS: A total of 1,137 menopausal symptomatic and 491 menopausal asymptomatic women from eight cities in China were recruited using a convenience sampling method...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#16
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922567/validity-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-s-psychosocial-screening-interview-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-the-thoresci-study
#17
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
AIM: To examine the validity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening instrument. METHOD: 508 acute (67%) or elective (33%) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients (mean age=63 years, SD=10; 81% male) completed the ESC screening interview and established questionnaires for psychosocial risk markers, i.e., depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), Type D personality (DS14), hostility (CMHS-7), and marital/work stress (MMQ-6, ERI) during or close after hospital admission...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921128/-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-elderly
#18
M Weber, F Völlner, A Benditz, T Schwarz, M Wörner, B Craiovan, T Renkawitz, J Grifka
BACKGROUND: The number of total knee arthroplasties in elderly patients is increasing in accordance with the demographic shift in the population. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the special situation in the elderly, conservative treatment options, perioperative risk factors, preoperative preparation, special intraoperative features and outcome. METHODS: Analysis of currently available scientific data and presentation of own scientific study results...
December 5, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919063/predictors-of-low-back-pain-in-nursing-home-workers-after-implementation-of-a-safe-resident-handling-programme
#19
Judith E Gold, Laura Punnett, Rebecca J Gore
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare workers have high rates of low back pain (LBP) related to handling patients. A large chain of nursing homes experienced reduced biomechanical load, compensation claims and costs following implementation of a safe resident handling programme (SRHP). The aim of this study was to examine whether LBP similarly declined and whether it was associated with relevant self-reported occupational exposures or personal health factors. METHODS: Worker surveys were conducted on multiple occasions beginning with the week of first SRHP introduction (baseline)...
November 10, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919059/role-of-maternal-occupational-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-stressors-on-adverse-birth-outcomes
#20
Laura J Lee, Elaine Symanski, Philip J Lupo, Sarah C Tinker, Hilda Razzaghi, Wenyaw Chan, Adrienne T Hoyt, Mark A Canfield
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association of an array of estimated maternal occupational physical activities and psychosocial stressors during pregnancy with odds for preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA). METHODS: Data for infants born without major birth defects delivered from 1997 to 2009 whose mothers reported working at least 1 month during pregnancy were obtained from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. We linked occupational codes to the US Department of Labor's Occupational Information Network, which provides estimates of exposure for multiple domains of physical activity and psychosocial stressors by occupational categories...
October 6, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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