keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

psychosocial factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036865/differences-in-low-back-pain-occurrence-over-a-6-month-period-between-four-recovery-stress-groups
#1
Tobias Mierswa, Michael Kellmann
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial work factors and general recovery experiences are hypothesised to influence the risk of low back pain (LBP) occurrence by influencing the acute recovery-stress state. So far, however, direct links between the acute recovery-stress state and LBP occurrence have not been investigated in detail. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in low back pain occurrence between four distinct recovery-stress groups over a period of 6 month...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036443/the-association-of-perceived-mental-stress-sense-of-purpose-in-life-and-negative-life-events-with-the-risk-of-incident-herpes-zoster-and-postherpetic-neuralgia-the-shez-study
#2
Yukiko Takao, Yoshinobu Okuno, Yasuko Mori, Hideo Asada, Koichi Yamanishi, Hiroyasu Iso
This population-based prospective study examined the relationships of perceived mental stress, sense of purpose in life, and negative life events to the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). The data were collected from 12,359 participants (aged ≥50 years old in Shozu County, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan) who answered a self-completed health questionnaire. During a 3-year follow-up between December 2008 and November 2012, HZ and PHN were diagnosed in 400 and 79 subjects, respectively...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035733/how-does-parental-cancer-affect-adolescent-and-young-adult-offspring-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Adam Walczak, Fiona McDonald, Pandora Patterson, Katherine Dobinson, Kimberley Allison
OBJECTIVES: To i) identify and synthesise evidence published since 2007 regarding the impact of parental cancer on adolescent and young adult offspring, ii) identify methodological and evidence gaps addressed during this period and iii) highlight those requiring further attention. DESIGN: A systematic review and thematic synthesis of peer reviewed literature regarding the impact of parental cancer upon AYA offspring. DATA SOURCES: Online searches of CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsychInfo and Scopus databases were conducted...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035711/childhood-adversity-social-support-and-telomere-length-among-perinatal-women
#4
Amanda M Mitchell, Jennifer M Kowalsky, Elissa S Epel, Jue Lin, Lisa M Christian
Adverse perinatal health outcomes are heightened among women with psychosocial risk factors, including childhood adversity and a lack of social support. Biological aging could be one pathway by which such outcomes occur. However, data examining links between psychosocial factors and indicators of biological aging among perinatal women are limited. The current study examined the associations of childhood socioeconomic status (SES), childhood trauma, and current social support with telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in a sample of 81 women assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy as well as 7-11 weeks postpartum...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035633/the-effect-of-technology-assisted-therapy-for-intellectually-and-visually-impaired-adults-suffering-from-separation-anxiety-conquering-the-fear
#5
N Hoffman, P S Sterkenburg, E Van Rensburg
Persons with an intellectual disability are at risk of developing separation anxiety and, if left untreated, this can be a risk factor for the development of psychopathology. The effects of an intervention, namely Technology Assisted Therapy for Separation Anxiety (TTSA), were examined on the separation anxiety, challenging behavior, psychosocial functioning and quality of life experienced by moderate to mild intellectually and visually disabled adults. This study aimed to determine whether TTSA reduces separation anxiety and challenging behavior in persons with intellectual disability and visual impairment, and if this results in increased psychosocial functioning and quality of life...
October 16, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035103/racial-disparities-in-the-association-between-alcohol-use-disorders-and-health-in-black-and-white-women
#6
Yusuf Ransome, Denise C Carty, Courtney D Cogburn, David R Williams
Adverse health attributed to alcohol use disorders (AUD) is more pronounced among black than white women. We investigated whether socioeconomic status (education and income), health care factors (insurance, alcoholism treatment), or psychosocial stressors (stressful life events, racial discrimination, alcoholism stigma) could account for black-white differences in the association between AUD and physical and functional health among current women drinkers 25 years and older (N = 8,877) in the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034672/-motivations-and-obstacles-to-occupational-disease-claims-in-lung-cancer-patients-an-exploratory-psychosocial-study
#7
Manon Britel, Olivia Pérol, Stéphanie Blois Da Conceiçao, Manon Ficty, Houria Brunet, Virginie Avrillon, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
PURPOSE: The proportion of lung cancers with an occupational origin has been estimated to be between 10 and 20%. They are largely under-reported, as 60% are not compensated as occupational disease. Although most patients are not familiar with the process of compensation, other factors could explain this under-reporting. The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial factors that could impact patients with occupational lung cancer to claim for compensation. METHODS: We conducted a case study involving semi-structured interviews with eight lung cancer patients enrolled in a cohort designed to systematically screen occupational exposures and propose claims for compensation to work-related cancer patients...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034144/exercise-treatments-for-psychosis-a-review
#8
Vijay A Mittal, Teresa Vargas, K Juston Osborne, Derek Dean, Tina Gupta, Ivanka Ristanovic, Christine I Hooker, Stewart A Shankman
Schizophrenia is a devastating mental illness that has profound effects on a person's health and quality of life. Exercise represents a promising new treatment option that may supplement current psychosocial and pharmacological interventions for psychosis. A large body of work suggests that exercise can improve cardio-metabolic and health behavior and facilitate neurogenesis in areas of the brain that are notably impacted by psychosis. Recent efforts to incorporate exercise as either stand-alone or adjunctive treatment for individuals with schizophrenia range from yoga and light stretching to moderately intense walking, bike riding, or team sports...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033017/neurocognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-adults-with-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-corrected-by-the-arterial-switch-operation
#9
Leïla Kasmi, Johanna Calderon, Michèle Montreuil, Nikoletta Geronikola, Virginie Lambert, Emrè Belli, Damien Bonnet, David Kalfa
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairments have frequently been described in children and adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) to correct d-TGA has been used for more than 30 years, and more than 90% of these patients now reach adulthood. However, very little is known about their long-term functional outcomes. The present study investigated neurocognitive outcomes and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with d-TGA corrected by ASO...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032275/association-of-socioeconomic-status-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-outcomes
#10
Betty K Hamilton, Lisa Rybicki, Sally Arai, Mukta Arora, Corey S Cutler, Mary E D Flowers, Madan Jagasia, Paul J Martin, Jeanne Palmer, Joseph Pidala, Navneet S Majhail, Stephanie J Lee, Nandita Khera
BACKGROUND: Chronic graft-versus host disease (GVHD) is a chronic and disabling complication after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). It is important to understand the association of socioeconomic status (SES) with health outcomes in patients with chronic GVHD because of the impaired physical health and dependence on intensive and prolonged health care utilization needs in these patients. METHODS: We evaluated the association of SES with survival and quality of life (QOL) in a cohort of 421 patients with chronic GVHD enrolled on the Chronic GVHD Consortium Improving Outcomes Assessment study...
October 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031336/psychosocial-issues-in-geriatric-rehabilitation
#11
REVIEW
Ricardo M Rodriguez
Geriatric patients present multiple age-related challenges and needs that must be taken into account during the rehabilitation process to achieve expected goals. This article examines the importance of identifying and managing psychosocial issues commonly observed in older adults and presents strategies to optimize their rehabilitation process. Depression, anxiety, fear of falling, adjustment issues, neurocognitive disorders, and caregiver support are discussed as a selection of factors that are relevant for geriatric patients undergoing rehabilitation...
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031127/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-living-with-a-surgical-wound-healing-by-secondary-intention-a-qualitative-study
#12
Dorothy McCaughan, Laura Sheard, Nicky Cullum, Jo Dumville, Ian Chetter
BACKGROUND: Most surgical wounds heal by primary intention, that is to say, the edges of the wound are brought together with sutures, staples, adhesive glue or clips. However, some wounds may be left open to heal (if there is a risk of infection, or if there has been significant tissue loss), and are known as 'surgical wounds healing by secondary intention'. They are estimated to comprise approximately 28% of all surgical wounds and are frequently complex to manage. However, they are under researched and little is known of their impact on patients' lives...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030910/the-role-of-general-psychosocial-factors-for-the-use-of-cancer-screening-findings-of-a-population-based-observational-study-among-older-adults-in-germany
#13
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
Within the framework of the health-belief model, some studies exist investigating the association between illness-specific psychosocial factors and the use of cancer screenings. However, studies investigating the association between general psychosocial factors and the use of cancer screenings are missing. Thus, this study aimed at examining the association between well-established general psychosocial factors and the use of cancer screenings. Data were gathered from a large, population-based sample of community-dwelling individuals aged 40 and above in Germany (n = 7673; in 2014)...
October 13, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030020/the-trajectory-of-positive-psychological-change-in-a-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#14
S A Harding
A stressful event may be sufficient to challenge a strongly held set of assumptions about the world and the self. In some people this may lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and in others to positive psychological change (PPC), whereby a person's reactions to the challenge are beneficial. Little research has investigated PPC in people who have had head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to identify demographic, clinical, and psychological factors associated with PPC over time. A cross-sequential study collected data over 5 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028558/determinants-of-trust-in-the-flu-vaccine-for-african-americans-and-whites
#15
Vicki S Freimuth, Amelia M Jamison, Ji An, Gregory R Hancock, Sandra Crouse Quinn
Trust is thought to be a major factor in vaccine decisions, but few studies have empirically tested the role of trust in adult immunization. Utilizing a 2015 national survey of African American and White adults (n = 1630), we explore multiple dimensions of trust related to influenza immunization, including generalized trust, trust in the flu vaccine, and trust in the vaccine production process. We find African Americans report lower trust than Whites across all trust measures. When considering demographic, racial, and ideological predictors, generalized trust shows statistically significant effects on both trust in the flu vaccine and trust in the vaccine process...
October 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028557/understanding-the-association-between-stunting-and-child-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-next-steps-for-research-and-intervention
#16
REVIEW
Jessica M Perkins, Rockli Kim, Aditi Krishna, Mark McGovern, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Stunting, caused by experiences of chronic nutritional deprivation, affects approximately 25% of children under age five globally (i.e., 156 million children). In this review, evidence of a relationship between stunting and child development in low- and middle-income countries is summarized, and issues for further research are discussed. We focus on studies that measured low height-for-age among children less than 5 years old as the exposure and gross/fine motor skills, psychosocial competencies, cognitive abilities, or schooling and learning milestones as the outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027314/the-relationship-between-attitudes-toward-aging-and-health-promoting-behaviours-in-older-adults
#17
Gülbahar Korkmaz Aslan, Asiye Kartal, İlgün Özen Çınar, Nazan Koştu
BACKGROUND: Identifying the factors that are associated with health-promoting behaviours in older adults is necessary to increase their willingness and motivation to participate in health-promotion activities. Understanding context-specific attitudes in relation to their influence on health-promoting behaviours is crucial in designing efficient interventions that foster health-promoting behaviours among older adults. AIM: This study aimed to examine the relationships between attitudes towards aging and health-promoting behaviours in older adults in Turkey...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026436/relationship-between-menstruation-status-and-work-conditions-in-japan
#18
Mariko Nishikitani, Mutsuhiro Nakao, Shinobu Tsurugano, Mariko Inoure, Eiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Specifically, participation in the workforce by women during their reproductive years is impacted by their health, which involves not only work conditions, but also traditional family circumstances. Therefore, it is important to further assess and gather more information about the health status of women who work during their reproductive years in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025398/should-community-health-workers-offer-support-healthcare-services-to-survivors-of-sexual-violence-a-systematic-review
#19
Anne Gatuguta, Barbra Katusiime, Janet Seeley, Manuela Colombini, Isaac Mwanzo, Karen Devries
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is widespread, yet relatively few survivors receive healthcare or complete treatment. In low and middle-income countries, community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to provide support services to large numbers of survivors. The aim of this review was to document the role of CHWs in sexual violence services. We aimed to: 1) describe existing models of CHWs services including characteristics of CHWs, services delivered and populations served; 2) explore acceptability of CHWs' services to survivors and feasibility of delivering such services; and 3) document the benefits and challenges of CHW-provided sexual violence services...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024902/psychological-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-chinese-adolescents
#20
Zhen-Zhen Liu, Hua Chen, Qi-Gui Bo, Ren-Hong Chen, Feng-Wen Li, Lei Lv, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are prevalent in adolescents and important risk factors of suicide death. Both SA and NSSI are associated with multiple psychosocial, behavioral, biological and genetic factors. This study examined similarities and differences in psychological vulnerability and internalizing and externalizing problems between adolescents with SA and NSSI. METHODS: Participants consisted of 11,831 students and had a mean age of 14...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
94063
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"