Read by QxMD icon Read


Sonia Salari, Christopher Maxwell
The aim is to conduct a critical analysis of existing family violence literature related to elder abuse homicide, also known as "eldercide." The focus relates to fatal violence perpetrated by current or former intimates. Men are the most likely victims of homicide, but rarely murdered by partners. Older women are most often killed in the home by a spouse or other family, consistent with the notion of "femicide." The FBI Supplemental Homicide Reports (SHR) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) are utilized to illustrate trends by sex over time...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Mat J Daemen, Marina S Ferguson, Frank J Gijsen, Daniel S Hippe, M Eline Kooi, Kevin Demarco, Allard C van der Wal, Chun Yuan, Thomas S Hatsukami
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Plaque fissuring, a phenomenon morphologically distinct from the classical rupture of a thinned fibrous cap, has not been well characterized in carotid atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of plaque fissures in advanced carotid plaques with an otherwise intact luminal surface, and to determine whether they might be a source of intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH). METHODS: We evaluated 244 surgically intact, 'en bloc' embedded, serially sectioned carotid endarterectomy specimens and included only those plaques with a grossly intact luminal surface...
September 28, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Seiichiro Kojima, Hiroyuki Ito, Shinji Takashimizu, Hitoshi Ichikawa, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Terumitsu Hasebe, Norihito Watanabe
A 64-year-old woman treated for anemia and ascites exhibited hepatic encephalopathy. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) showed communication between the portal vein and the middle hepatic vein, indicating an intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt (PSS). Since hepatic encephalopathy of the patient was resistant to medical treatment, interventional radiology was performed for the treatment of shunt obliteration. Hepatic venography showed anastomosis between the hepatic vein branches, supporting the diagnosis of idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH)...
September 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
Luca Castellazzi, Maria Francesca Patria, Gemma Frati, Andrea Alessandro Esposito, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare but potentially lethal condition in paediatric patients. This condition is considered an immune-mediated disorder, but its pathogenesis is still unknown. Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is characterized by the classical triad of haemoptysis, iron-deficiency anaemia, and diffuse parenchymal consolidation on chest radiology. Unfortunately, this triad of signs is not frequent in children at the onset of this disease, resulting in a delay in diagnosis and a negative outcome...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Tanja Schneider, Tobias Mahraun, Julian Schroeder, Andreas Frölich, Philip Hoelter, Marlies Wagner, Jean Darcourt, Christophe Cognard, Alain Bonafé, Jens Fiehler, Susanne Siemonsen, Jan-Hendrik Buhk
PURPOSE: The presence of intraparenchymal hyperattenuations (IPH) on flat-panel computed tomography (FP-CT) after endovascular recanalization in stroke patients is a common phenomenon. They are thought to occur in ischemic areas with breakdown of the blood-brain barrier but previous studies that investigated a mutual interaction are scarce. We aimed to assess the relationship of IPH localization with prethrombectomy diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesions. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study included 27 acute stroke patients who underwent DWI prior to FP-CT following mechanical thrombectomy...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Neuroradiology
Nitin Agarwal, Giulio Zuccoli, Geoffrey Murdoch, Brian T Jankowitz, Stephanie Greene
INTRODUCTION: Developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) are cited as the most common cerebral vascular malformations. Still, intracerebral hematomas are rarely thought to be caused by DVAs. In this report, the authors present a unique case of a DVA that hemorrhaged spontaneously, rather than hemorrhaging into a venous infarction following DVA thrombosis as has been more commonly reported. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old previously healthy male presented to the emergency department with a severe headache, confusion, and progressive hemiparesis...
September 9, 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Brian Sindelar, Julian E Bailes, Sydney Ann Sherman, John Desmond Finan, James Stone, John M Lee, Saman Ahmadian, Ying Zhou, Vimal Patel, David Smith
Internal jugular vein (IJV) compression has been shown to reduce axonal injury in pre-clinical traumatic brain injury models and clinical concussion studies. However, this novel approach to prophylactically mitigating traumatic brain injury (TBI) through venous congestion raises concerns of increasing the propensity for hemorrhage and hemorrhagic propagation. This study aims to test the safety of IJV compression in a large animal controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury model and the resultant effects on hemorrhage...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Yuanyuan Dai, Peng Lv, Jiang Lin, Rongkui Luo, Hao Liu, Aihua Ji, Hui Liu, Caixia Fu
PURPOSE: To compare Multicontrast ATherosclerosis Characterization (MATCH) with conventional multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the characterization and quantification of carotid plaque components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive patients underwent carotid plaque 3.0T MRI including conventional multicontrast sequences and MATCH, with 13 of them having carotid endarterectomy for histology validation. The detection of major plaque components including lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC), loose matrix (LM), intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), and calcification (CA) and measurement of lumen area, outer wall area, normalized wall index (NWI), and plaque components areas were compared between the two protocols...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Wan Muhd Shukeri Wan Fadzlina, Wan Hassan Wan Mohd Nazaruddin, Mohamad Zaini Rhendra Hardy
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is a common problem, despite advancements in a variety of warming systems. The use of a resistive heating blanket (RHB) is a common but costly approach to patient warming. We have introduced the use of a heat-band in our centre as a cost-effective alternative to the RHB for patient warming. The efficacy of the heat-band in preventing IPH during laparotomy for gynaecological surgeries was compared with that of the RHB. METHODS: Thirty-two patients undergoing surgeries under combined general-epidural anaesthesia, with an expected duration of surgery of 2-4 h, were randomised to receive either the heat-band or RHB...
March 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
Quirijn J A van den Bouwhuijsen, Mariana Selwaness, Hui Tang, Wiro J Niessen, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, Aad van der Lugt, Meike W Vernooij
Purpose To investigate intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) development and change over time. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval and written informed consent from all participants were obtained. From a population-based study on subclinical atherosclerosis, 40 participants with IPH at baseline magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (53 carotids with IPH) were randomly selected and were matched with 27 control subjects (53 carotids without IPH) to undergo a second MR examination (mean interval, 17 months ± 4 [standard deviation]) to assess IPH change...
August 19, 2016: Radiology
Waleed Brinjikji, Vance T Lehman, John Huston, M Hassan Murad, Giuseppe Lanzino, Harry J Cloft, David F Kallmes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether carotid stenting patients with intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) identified on preoperative MRI were more likely to suffer perioperative ischemic complications compared with patients without IPH. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search of studies published between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2015 reporting perioperative outcomes of carotid stenting among patients with and without IPH on hemorrhage sensitive carotid MRI sequences...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Sami Curtze, Jukka Putaala, Gerli Sibolt, Susanna Melkas, Satu Mustanoja, Elena Haapaniemi, Tiina Sairanen, Marjaana Tiainen, Turgut Tatlisumak, Daniel Strbian
OBJECTIVE: Parenchymal hematoma (PH) following intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in ischemic stroke can occur either within the ischemic area (iPH) or as a remote PH (rPH). The latter could be, at least partly, related to cerebral amyloid angiopathy, which belongs to the continuum of cerebral small vessel disease. We hypothesized that cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs)-an imaging surrogate of small vessel disease-are associated with a higher rate of rPH. METHODS: We analyzed 2,485 consecutive patients treated with IVT at the Helsinki University Hospital...
October 2016: Annals of Neurology
Shunsuke Sugimoto, Jiro Terada, Akira Naito, Rintaro Nishimura, Kenji Tsushima, Koichiro Tatsumi
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare cause of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage during childhood, and its precise pathophysiology and long-term clinical course remain unclear. A 31-year-old man was diagnosed with IPH at four years of age and had recurrent episodes of haemoptysis. The patient's symptoms responded well to steroids. However, pulmonary fibrosis and the cystic region in the lung progressively worsened. At age 27, the patient developed polyarthritis with positive anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies...
September 2016: Respirology Case Reports
Sandeep Koppal, Marcel Warntjes, Jeremy Swann, Petter Dyverfeldt, Johan Kihlberg, Rodrigo Moreno, Derek Magee, Nicholas Roberts, Helene Zachrisson, Claes Forssell, Toste Länne, Darren Treanor, Ebo D de Muinck
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to quantify the extent of lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) and intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) in atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS: Patients scheduled for carotid endarterectomy underwent four-point Dixon and T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 Tesla. Fat and R2* maps were generated from the Dixon sequence at the acquired spatial resolution of 0.60 × 0.60 × 0.70 mm voxel size. MRI and three-dimensional (3D) histology volumes of plaques were registered...
August 11, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Olga Soares Cunha, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves
Intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a major social problem, and it is important to determine the predictors of this violent behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between intimate partner violence (IPV) and IPH and to identify the variables that predict IPH. The sample was composed of 35 perpetrators of IPH, who were compared with 137 perpetrators of IPV. The data were collected using the Spousal Abuse Risk Assessment. The data suggest that IPH presents different dynamics from IPV...
August 7, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Xiao-Hui Zhang, Qian-Ming Wang, Huan Chen, Yu-Hong Chen, Wei Han, Feng-Rong Wang, Jing-Zhi Wang, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Xiao-Dong Mo, Yao Chen, Yu Wang, Ying-Jun Chang, Lan-Ping Xu, Kai-Yan Liu, Xiao-Jun Huang
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most life-threatening neurological complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Although cerebral complications and its causes after allo-HSCT are well documented, assessment of the incidence and risk factors of intracranial hemorrhage following allo-HSCT are less discussed. A nested case-control study was conducted involving 160 subjects drawn from 2169 subjects who underwent HSCT at Peking University People's Hospital between 2004 and 2014...
October 2016: Annals of Hematology
Margreet R de Vries, Paul H A Quax
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review discusses the recent literature on plaque angiogenesis and its relation to inflammation and plaque destabilization. Furthermore, it discusses how plaque angiogenesis can be used to monitor atherosclerosis and serve as a therapeutic target. RECENT FINDINGS: Histopathologic studies have shown a clear relationship between plaque angiogenesis, intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), plaque vulnerability, and cardiovascular events. Hypoxia is a main driver of plaque angiogenesis and the mechanism behind angiogenesis is only partly known...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Lipidology
Subrata Kundu, Petko Chernev, Xenia Engelmann, Chan Siu Chung, Holger Dau, Eckhard Bill, Jason England, Wonwoo Nam, Kallol Ray
In addition to oxometal [M(n+)[double bond, length as m-dash]O] and imidometal [M(n+)[double bond, length as m-dash]NR] units, transient metal-iodosylarene [M((n-2)+)-O[double bond, length as m-dash]IPh] and metal-iminoiodane [M((n-2)+)-N(R)[double bond, length as m-dash]IPh] adducts are often invoked as a possible "second oxidant" responsible for the oxo and imido group transfer reactivity. Although a few metal-iodosylarene adducts have been recently isolated and/or spectroscopically characterized, metal-iminoiodane adducts have remained elusive...
October 7, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jin Liu, Niranjan Balu, Daniel S Hippe, Marina S Ferguson, Vanesa Martinez-Malo, J Kevin DeMarco, David C Zhu, Hideki Ota, Jie Sun, Dongxiang Xu, William S Kerwin, Thomas S Hatsukami, Chun Yuan
BACKGROUND: Intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) is associated with atherosclerosis progression and subsequent cardiovascular events. We sought to develop a semi-automatic method with an optimized threshold for carotid IPH detection and quantification on MP-RAGE images using matched histology as the gold standard. METHODS: Fourteen patients scheduled for carotid endarterectomy underwent 3D MP-RAGE cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) preoperatively. Presence and area of IPH were recorded using histology...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Arunprabaharan Subramanian, Alagappan Annamalai, Hyun Hwi Lee, Sun Hee Choi, Jungho Ryu, Jung Hee Park, Jum Suk Jang
Herein we report the influence of a ZrO2 underlayer on the PEC (photoelectrochemical) behavior of hematite nanorod photoanodes for efficient solar water splitting. Particular attention was given to the cathodic shift in onset potential and photocurrent enhancement. Akaganite (β-FeOOH) nanorods were grown on ZrO2-coated FTO (fluorine-doped tin oxide) substrates. Sintering at 800 °C transformed akaganite to the hematite (α-Fe2O3) phase and induced Sn diffusion into the crystal structure of hematite nanorods from the FTO substrates and surface migration, shallow doping of Zr atoms from the ZrO2 underlayer...
August 3, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"