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occupational diseases

Tuija Leskinen, Sari Stenholm, Ville Aalto, Jenny Head, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
Background: physical activity promotes healthy aging. However, little is known about the relationship between physical activity levels and healthy and chronic disease-free life expectancy (LE). The study aim was to examine healthy and chronic disease-free LE between ages 50 and 75 and across various levels of physical activity by sex and different occupational statuses. Methods: overall, 34,379 women (mean age 53.2 (SD 2.9) years) and 8,381 men (53.6 (SD 3.2) years) from the Finnish Public Sector study were categorized into five physical activity levels (inactive to vigorously active) according to self-reported physical activity and into three occupational statuses at the first observation point...
March 13, 2018: Age and Ageing
Rafael E de la Hoz, Jonathan Weber, Dongming Xu, John T Doucette, Xiaoyu Liu, Deborah A Carson, Juan C Celedón
We examined the chest CT scans of 1,453 WTC responders using the International Classification of High-resolution CT for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases. Univariate and bivariate analyses of potential work-related pleural abnormalities were performed with pre-WTC and WTC-related occupational exposure data, spirometry, demographics and quantitative CT measurements. Logistic regression was used to evaluate occupational predictors of those abnormalities. Chest CT scans were performed first at a median of 6...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Érica Prado Domingues, Guilherme Gomes Silva, Andrei Barbassa Oliveira, Lorrany Marins Mota, Vanessa Santana Vieira Santos, Edimar Olegário de Campos, Boscolli Barbosa Pereira
Workers in several occupational environments are exposed to pollutants. Street vendors, for example, typically work in a high-traffic urban environment and are exposed to numerous air pollutants, including genotoxic substances emitted by motor vehicles. This study examined the genotoxic effects of exposure to air pollution. We conducted cytological analyses to assess frequencies of micronucleated (MN) and binucleated (BN) cells in a sample of exfoliated oral mucosa cells. We compared street vendors and control subjects in the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and also collected quantitative information on exposure conditions of all test subjects, including concentrations of particulate matter...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
T S Ravikumar, R Kanagarethinam, Divya Nair, Sitanshu S Kar
Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases are reported to be high in police force, which constitute a special occupational group. "Partners in Prevention" was a special surveillance activity carried out among the personnel of the Department of Police, Government of Puducherry by JIPMER, Puducherry. The present study reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors in this group. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional analytical study covering 1618 policemen during 2013-15...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
B K Rout, B K Sikdar
Background: With the growing numbers of iron ore pelletization industries in India, various impacts on environment and health in relation to the workplace will rise. Therefore, understanding the hazardous process is crucial in the development of effective control measures. Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, and Control measures (HIRAC) acts as an effective tool of Occupational Health Assessment. Objective: The aim of the study was to identify all the possible hazards at different workplaces of an iron ore pelletizing industry, to conduct an occupational health risk assessment, to calculate the risk rating based on the risk matrix, and to compare the risk rating before and after the control measures...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Mette Schou Nissen, Zara Ann Stokholm, Mette Skovgaard Christensen, Vivi Schlünssen, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Inge Brosbøl Iversen, Henrik Albert Kolstad
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal adenocarcinoma is a rare disease expected to have rare causes and potential for strong risk factors as reflected by the strong association with occupational wood dust exposure. High level styrene exposure is a rare and suspected carcinogen, and this study examines the exposure-response relation between occupational styrene exposure, sinonasal adenocarcinoma and other subtypes. METHODS: We followed 73 092 styrene-exposed workers from 1968 to 2011 and identified sinonasal cancers in the Danish Cancer Registry...
March 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Lara Manuela Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Maria de Sousa Pereira, Cláudia Margarida Correia Balula Chaves
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and satisfaction with social support with the quality of life of schizophrenic patients. METHODOLOGY: This study included a sample of 268 participants. An interview was conducted to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data, supplemented with two assessment tools used to evaluate quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version - WHOQOL-Bref) and satisfaction with social support (Social Support Satisfaction Scale - SSSS)...
March 8, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Hien Q Le, John A Tomenson, David B Warheit, Jon P Fryzek, Ashley P Golden, Elizabeth D Ellis
OBJECTIVE: A review of studies of occupational titanium dioxide (TiO2) exposure was conducted, and results from the three industry-based cohort mortality studies were summarized using meta-analysis. METHODS: Summary standardized mortality ratios (SSMR) and summary Cox regression coefficients from exposure-response models were derived using random effects models. RESULTS: Results from studies of 24,312 TiO2 production workers were combined...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ellen Kerns, Elizabeth A Masterson, Christa L Themann, Geoffrey M Calvert
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data from 2014 were examined. Weighted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios of self-reported hearing difficulty, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and coronary heart disease or stroke were estimated by level of occupational noise exposure, industry, and occupation...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Yi Wang, Hao Fan, Rudy Banerjee, Anne M Weaver, Michael Weiner
Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution increases disease risk in older adults. Nursing facilities located near major roadways potentially expose older adults to traffic pollution. No studies, however, have described the association between nursing facilities and traffic pollution. We obtained data on facility- and census-tract-level characteristics of 15,706 U.S. facilities from the Medicare Nursing Home Compare datasets. We calculated distance to major roadways and traffic density for each facility. In the contiguous U...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cesare de Gregorio, Dalia Di Nunzio, Gianluca Di Bella
Physical activity comprises all muscular activities that require energy expenditure. Regular sequence of structured and organized exercise with the specific purpose of improving wellness and athletic performance is defined as a sports activity.Exercise can be performed at various levels of intensity and duration. According to the social context and pathways, it can be recreational, occupational, and competitive. Therefore, the training burden varies inherently and the heart adaptation is challenging.Although a general agreement on the fact that sports practice leads to metabolic, functional and physical benefits, there is evidence that some athletes may be subjected to adverse outcomes...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Takashi Ishiguro, Shoko Kawai, Ayako Kojima, Yoshihiko Shimizu, Katsuhiko Kamei, Noboru Takayanagi
Koji is a fermenting agent used in many traditional Japanese foods , and Aspergillus oryzae is the most frequently used microorganism in koji production. Few cases of hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to A. oryzae have been reported. However, physicians should recognize the disease because of the increasing globalization of food production.
March 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Séverine Sauzé, Céline Chouhan
International literature endorses an organisation of care which links up the hospital and the usual living environment of the elderly person as well as interdisciplinarity in the pathway of these vulnerable patients. The internal medicine and vascular diseases department of Angers university hospital favours these two principles and wishes to strenghten this strategy thanks to the intervention of a dedicated nurse and an occupational therapist. The aim is to prevent the early rehospitalisation of elderly people...
March 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
Kristin Gustavson, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Ragnar Nesvåg, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Stein Emil Vollset, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders often have onset early in life, contribute substantially to the global disease burden, and may interfere with young people's ability to complete age-relevant tasks in important developmental periods. However, knowledge about prevalence and course of mental disorders in young adulthood is sparse. The aim of the current study was to estimate prevalence and stability of mental disorders from the twenties to the thirties/forties. METHODS: DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview in two waves (1999-2004 and 2010-2011) in 1623 young adult Norwegian twins (63...
March 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Doroodgar Moein, Doroodgar Masoud, Mahboobi Saeed, Doroodgar Abbas
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) can be seen in 2 forms, zoonotic and anthroponotic, in Iran. In this study, epidemiological aspects of CL were studied during an 8-year period (2009-2016) in city of Kashan, central Iran. The demographic and epidemiological data, including age, sex, occupation, number and site of the lesions, treatment regimen, past history of CL, and season of all patients were gathered from the health centers. Descriptive statistics were used to describe features of the study data. Total 2,676 people with CL were identified...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Frank G Sandmann, Laura Shallcross, Natalie Adams, David J Allen, Pietro G Coen, Annette Jeanes, Zisis Kozlakidis, Lesley Larkin, Fatima Wurie, Julie V Robotham, Mark Jit, Sarah R Deeny
Background: Norovirus places a substantial burden on healthcare systems, arising from infected patients, disease outbreaks, beds kept unoccupied for infection control, and staff absences due to infection. In settings with high rates of bed occupancy, opportunity costs arise from patients who cannot be admitted due to beds being unavailable. With several treatments and vaccines against norovirus in development, quantifying the expected economic burden is timely. Methods: The number of inpatients with norovirus-associated gastroenteritis in England were modelled using infectious and non-infectious gastrointestinal Hospital Episode Statistics codes and laboratory reports of gastrointestinal pathogens collected at Public Health England...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Cynthia C Jose, Lakshmanan Jagannathan, Vinay Singh Tanwar, Xiaoru Zhang, Chongzhi Zang, Suresh Cuddapah
Nickel (Ni) is an environmental and occupational carcinogen, and exposure to Ni is associated with lung and nasal cancers in humans. Furthermore, Ni exposure is implicated in several lung diseases including chronic inflammatory airway diseases, asthma and fibrosis. However, the mutagenic potential of Ni is low and does not correlate with its potent toxicity and carcinogenicity. Therefore, mechanisms underlying Ni exposure-associated diseases remain poorly understood. Since the health risks of environmental exposures often continue post exposure, understanding the exposure effects that persist after the termination of exposure could provide mechanistic insights into diseases...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Kazuhiro Nogawa, Noriko Kojimahara
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine whether work accommodation at the time of return-to-work (RTW) following a period of sick leave would improve work-related outcomes. Using a Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, we developed recommendations applicable to the field of occupational health in Japan. METHOD: We approached our review question for "Evidence-based Return-to-work Guidance in Occupational Health 2017 (RTW 2017)" using a PICO framework (P: workers on sick leave; I: work accommodation; C: usual care; O: improvement of work-related outcomes, such as shortened sick leave period or lower rate of sick leave recurrence)...
March 12, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Somayyeh Azimi, Zahra Ghorbani, Erfan Ghasemi, Marc Tennant, Estie Kruger
Oral cancer is a life-threatening disease with low survival rates, especially when diagnosed in an advanced stage. Lack of awareness about this cancer among the population is proposed as a possible reason for this diagnostic delay. The aim of this study was to evaluate oral cancer awareness, as well as the association of this with sociodemographic status in Tehran. In this cross-sectional population-based survey, 1800 self-administered questionnaires (collecting sociodemographic data, questions regarding oral cancer awareness and the source of information) were distributed through multistage stratified random sampling...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Carlos Culquichicón, Emanuel Ramos-Cedano, Luis Helguero-Santin, Roberto Niño-Garcia, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
Carrion's disease is a major re-emerging and occupational health disease. This bibliometric study aimed to evaluate scientific production on this disease both globally and in Latin America. SCI-E, MEDLINE/GoPubMed, SCOPUS, ScIELO, and LILACS databases were searched for Carrion's disease-related articles. They were classified according to publication year, type, city and institution of origin, international cooperation, scientific journal, impact factor, publication language, author(s), and H-index. There were 170 articles in SCI-E...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
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