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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103455/-epidemiological-and-demographic-characteristics-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-tumours-in-the-northern-portugal-impact-on-survival
#1
Roberto Estêvão, Tiago Santos, Ana Ferreira, Anabela Machado, João Fernandes, Eurico Monteiro
INTRODUCTION: In Portugal there are still no epidemiological and demographic studies conducted in patients with of the head and neck tumors. The objectives of this analysis are to describe the epidemiological and demographics of patients with malignant tumors of the head and neck referred to an Ear, Nose and Throat department of an oncology center in the North of Portugal and also assess the impact of these characteristics on survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients referred between January 2011 and December 2013 to the Ear, Nose and Throat Department of an oncology center (Instituto Português de Oncologia do Porto),...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101790/perspectives-of-people-with-a-chronic-disease-on-participating-in-work-a-focus-group-study
#2
Marloes Vooijs, Monique C J Leensen, Jan L Hoving, Haije Wind, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
Purpose To explore solutions that people with a chronic disease use to overcome difficulties they experience regarding participating in work, and the support they require to identify or implement these solutions. Methods Focus groups were held to explore solutions and support requirements of people with a chronic disease. Participants were recruited through a research institution's patient panel, a patient federation and personal networks. Analysis was conducted by means of open and selective coding, using the MAXQDA software package...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099592/epidemiological-analysis-of-occupational-dermatitis-notified-in-brazil-in-the-period-2007-to-2012
#3
Gabriela Yumi Plombom, Mariana Santos de Oliveira, Fernanda Lika Tabushi, Amanda Joekel Kassem, Kátia Sheylla Malta Purim, Renato Mitsunori Nisihara
BACKGROUND: Occupational dermatitis affects the quality of life and productivity of workers. Studies on the subject are scarce in Brazil. It is estimated that the disease is underreported and that many affected patients do not seek health care. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an epidemiological analysis of occupational dermatitis notified via SINAN in Brazil from January 2007 to December 2012; evaluate the profile of patients assisted; and check the main etiological agents involved...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098780/adding-salt-to-meals-as-a-risk-factor-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-control-study
#4
Lina Radzeviciene, Rytas Ostrauskas
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is thought to arise from the complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors. It is important to identify modifiable risk factors that may help to reduce the risk of diabetes. Data on salt intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between adding salt to prepared meals and the risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In a case-control study, we included 234 cases, all of whom were patients aged 35-86 years with a newly confirmed diagnosis of T2DM, and 468 controls that were free of the disease...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#5
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097434/work-related-infections-in-dentistry-risk-perception-and-preventive-measures
#6
Tatjana Ramich, Peter Eickholz, Sabine Wicker
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of (1) the risk perception of work-related infections in dentistry, (2) the vaccination status, (3) knowledge of the blood-borne pathogens and HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as well as (4) use of personal protective equipment (PPE) (gloves, goggles, mask) among the staff and students of the Center of Dentistry and Oral Medicine (ZZMK [Carolinum]) of the Goethe University Frankfurt/Main. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All staff (dentists, dental assistants) and students of the ZZMK with direct contact to patients were asked to anonymously complete a questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096664/predictors-of-outcomes-following-reablement-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Hanne Tuntland, Ingvild Kjeken, Eva Langeland, Bjarte Folkestad, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Førland, Mona Kristin Aaslund
BACKGROUND: Reablement is a rehabilitation intervention for community-dwelling older adults, which has recently been implemented in several countries. Its purpose is to improve functional ability in daily occupations (everyday activities) perceived as important by the older person. Performance and satisfaction with performance in everyday life are the major outcomes of reablement. However, the evidence base concerning which factors predict better outcomes and who receives the greatest benefit in reablement is lacking...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095950/ct-coronary-angiography-vs-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-for-the-occupational-assessment-of-military-aircrew
#8
Iain Parsons, Chris Pavitt, Rebecca Chamley, Jo d'Arcy, Ed Nicol
INTRODUCTION: To ensure flight safety military aircrew undergo regular clinical and occupational assessment. Coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS) has been established as an imaging modality to noninvasively assess coronary artery disease (CAD). CT coronary angiography (CTCA) potentially offers a more accurate assessment of CAD, but has not been formally assessed in military aircrew. This retrospective cohort study is designed to compare the theoretical differences in downstream investigations and occupational outcomes in aircrew with suspected CAD comparing CTCA with existing CACS pathways...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094581/early-immunopathological-events-in-acute-model-of-mycobacterial-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-in-mice
#9
Elisabet Johansson, Gregory P Boivin, Jagjit S Yadav
Prolonged exposure to antigens of non-tuberculous mycobacteria species colonizing industrial metalworking fluid (MWF), particularly Mycobacterium immunogenum (MI), has been implicated in chronic forms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) in machinists based on epidemiology studies and long-term exposure of mouse models. However, a role of short-term acute exposure to these antigens has not been described in the context of acute forms of HP. This study investigated short-term acute exposure of mice to MI cell lysate (or live cell suspension) via oropharyngeal aspiration...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093502/heat-strain-volume-depletion-and-kidney-function-in-california-agricultural-workers
#10
Sally Moyce, Diane Mitchell, Tracey Armitage, Daniel Tancredi, Jill Joseph, Marc Schenker
BACKGROUND: Agricultural work can expose workers to increased risk of heat strain and volume depletion due to repeated exposures to high ambient temperatures, arduous physical exertion and limited rehydration. These risk factors may result in acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We estimated AKI cumulative incidence in a convenience sample of 283 agricultural workers based on elevations of serum creatinine between preshift and postshift blood samples. Heat strain was assessed based on changes in core body temperature and heart rate...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091866/review-of-diagnostic-challenges-in-occupational-asthma
#11
REVIEW
Jacques A Pralong, Andre Cartier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Occupational asthma (OA) is one of the most frequent occupational diseases and its diagnosis is often difficult. This review summarizes its current diagnostic challenges. RECENT FINDINGS: OA is associated with significant health and socio-economic burden. It is underdiagnosed and physicians need to adopt a stepwise approach to confirm the diagnosis. Although early removal from exposure to the offending agent is associated with a better prognosis, physicians should try to confirm the diagnosis of work-related asthma before taking a worker off work...
January 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090651/incidence-of-skin-and-respiratory-diseases-among-danish-hairdressing-apprentices
#12
Majken H Foss-Skiftesvik, Lone Winther, Claus R Johnsen, Claus Zachariae, Jeanne D Johansen
BACKGROUND: Hairdressing is one of the professions with the highest risk of occupational skin and respiratory diseases. The incidence of these diseases in hairdressing apprentices has been studied only sparsely. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of skin and respiratory diseases in hairdressing apprentices, and to explore whether hairdressing apprentices leave the trade during training because of these diseases. METHODS: A 3-year follow-up questionnaire study was conducted among 248 hairdressing apprentices and a control group comprising 816 young adults from the general population...
January 16, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090176/updates-on-knowledge-attitude-and-preventive-practices-on-tuberculosis-among-healthcare-workers
#13
REVIEW
Farhanah Abd Wahab, Sarimah Abdullah, Jafri Malin Abdullah, Hasnan Jaafar, Siti Suraiya Md Noor, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad, Abdul Aziz Mohamed Yusoff, John Tharakan, Shalini Bhaskar, Muthuraju Sangu, Mohd Shah Mahmood, Fauziah Kassim, Md Hanip Rafia, Mohammed Safari Mohammed Haspani, Azmi Alias, Rogelio Hernández Pando
Ranking as the most communicable disease killer worldwide, tuberculosis, has accounted with a total of 9.6 million new tuberculosis cases with 1.5 million tuberculosis-related deaths reported globally in 2014. Tuberculosis has remain as an occupational hazard for healthcare workers since 1920s and due to several tuberculosis outbreaks in healthcare settings in the early 1990s, the concern about the transmission to both patients and healthcare workers has been raised. Healthcare workers have two to three folds greater the risk of active tuberculosis than the general population...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089118/occupational-lung-diseases-from-old-and-novel-exposures-to-effective-preventive-strategies
#14
REVIEW
Paul Cullinan, Xavier Muñoz, Hille Suojalehto, Raymond Agius, Surinder Jindal, Torben Sigsgaard, Anders Blomberg, Denis Charpin, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Mridu Gulati, Yangho Kim, Arthur L Frank, Metin Akgün, David Fishwick, Rafael E de la Hoz, Subhabrata Moitra
Occupational exposure is an important, global cause of respiratory disease. Unlike many other non-communicable lung diseases, the proximal causes of many occupational lung diseases are well understood and they should be amenable to control with use of established and effective approaches. Therefore, the risks arising from exposure to silica and asbestos are well known, as are the means of their prevention. Although the incidence of occupational lung disease has decreased in many countries, in parts of the world undergoing rapid economic transition and population growth-often with large informal and unregulated workforces-occupational exposures continue to impose a heavy burden of disease...
January 6, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079622/prevalence-and-determinants-of-job-stress-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
Philipp Schreiner, Luc Biedermann, Jean-Benoit Rossel, Gerhard Rogler, Valérie Pittet, Roland von Känel
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors have been shown to predict a poor disease course in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but whether this applies to job stress is currently unknown. We assessed the prevalence of job stress and its correlates in a large cohort of patients with IBD. METHODS: We included all adult, professionally active patients enrolled between 2006 and 2015 in the Swiss IBD Cohort. Job stress was measured through the self-report effort-reward imbalance ratio and overcommitment (OC) to work questionnaires...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079614/the-role-of-gene-environment-interplay-in-occupational-and-environmental-diseases-current-concepts-and-knowledge-gaps
#16
Elizabeth Kwo, David Christiani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The interplay between genetic susceptibilities and environmental exposures in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases is an area of increased scientific, epidemiologic, and social interest. Given the variation in methodologies used in the field, this review aims to create a framework to help understand occupational exposures as they currently exist and provide a foundation for future inquiries into the biological mechanisms of the gene-environment interactions. Understanding of this complex interplay will be important in the context of occupational health, given the public health concerns surrounding a variety of occupational exposures...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079322/-incidence-of-non-work-related-sickness-absence-in-spain-by-economic-activity-of-the-company
#17
Fernando G Benavides, Elena Zaballa, Xavier Duran, Victòria Sanchez-Niubo, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras
INTRODUCTION: The management of sickness absence due to non-work-related diseases in Spain has typically focused on the control of its duration. The goal of this study was to provide estimates for the incidence of sickness absence due to nonwork-related diseases by economic activity to help shift the focus of management of sickness absence towards prevention. METHODS: Retrospective study based on 646,337 workers and 133,812 episodes of sickness absence started in 2009, from the Working Continuous Life Sample...
January 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077822/factors-associated-with-work-ability-index-wai-among-intensive-care-units-icus-nurses
#18
Akbar Rostamabadi, Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat
: Objectives Work ability is a crucial occupational health issue in health care settings where a high physical and psychosocial work capacity is required and a high risk of disabling injuries and illnesses is predictable. This study aims to examine the association between the work ability index (WAI) and individual characterizations, workload, fatigue, and diseases among intensive care units' (ICUs') nurses. METHODS: The study sample included 214 nurses selected by a random sampling method from a target population consisting of 321 registered nurses working in eight ICUs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077125/spatiotemporal-epidemic-characteristics-and-risk-factor-analysis-of-malaria-in-yunnan-province-china
#19
Dongyang Yang, Chengdong Xu, Jinfeng Wang, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains an important public health concern in China and is particularly serious in Yunnan, a China's provincial region of high malaria burden with an incidence of 1.79/10(5) in 2012. This study aims to examine the epidemiologic profile and spatiotemporal aspects of epidemics of malaria, and to examine risk factors which may influence malaria epidemics in Yunnan Province. METHODS: The data of malaria cases in 2012 in 125 counties of Yunnan Province was used in this research...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076583/-social-factors-associated-with-use-of-prenatal-care-in-ecuador
#20
Amaya Sánchez-Gómez, William Cevallos, Mario J Grijalva, Luis C Silva-Ayçaguer, Susana Tamayo, Jerry O Jacobson, Jaime A Costales, Rodrigo Jiménez-Garcia, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Suzanne Serruya, Celia Riera
Objectives: Prenatal care is a pillar of public health, enabling access to interventions including prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis. This paper describes social factors related to use of prenatal care in Ecuador. Methods: In 2011 and 2012, participant clinical history and interview information was analyzed from a national probability sample of 5 998 women presenting for delivery or miscarriage services in 15 healthcare facilities in Ecuador, to estimate prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and Chagas disease, and prenatal care coverage...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
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