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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155342/predictors-before-and-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-pain-acceptance-and-engagement-in-activities-at-a-one-year-follow-up-for-patients-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-wad-a-study-based-on-the-swedish-quality-registry-for-pain-rehabilitation-sqrp
#1
Anne Söderlund, Monika Löfgren, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pain acceptance strategies related to psychological flexibility are important in the presence of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, the predictors of these strategies have not been studied extensively in patients with Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to predict chronic pain acceptance and engagement in activities at one-year follow-up with pain intensity, fear of movement, perceived responses from significant others, outcome expectancies, and demographic variables in patients with WAD before and after multimodal rehabilitation (MMR)...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154262/review-of-scapular-movement-disorders-among-office-workers-having-ergonomic-risk
#2
Ö Depreli, E Angın
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems which affect millions of office workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine scapular positioning at rest and different anatomical planes, the assessment of pain, postural changes and the functionality of upper extremity that is caused by the lack of ergonomic principles among office workers of civil servants in TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three individuals participated in the study and 2 groups were created by grand scores of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153236/nonsurgical-management-of-pediatric-temporomandibular-joint-dysfunction
#3
REVIEW
Steven John Scrivani, Shehryar Nasir Khawaja, Paula Furlan Bavia
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a subgroup of craniofacial pain problems involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles, and associated head and neck musculoskeletal structures. These disorders are subclassified into TMJ articular disorders and masticatory muscle disorders. Patients with TMD most commonly present with pain, restricted or asymmetric mandibular motion, and TMJ sounds during mandibular movements. The prevalence tends to increase with age. Management of TMJ articular disorders consists of a combination of patient education, home-care plan, biobehavioral therapy, physical therapy, orthotic jaw appliance therapy, pharmacotherapy, and/or surgery...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150169/vitamin-d-and-walking-speed-in-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Cedric Annweiler, Samir Henni, Stéphane Walrand, Manuel Montero-Odasso, Gustavo Duque, Guillaume T Duval
Vitamin D is involved in musculoskeletal health. There is no consensus on a possible association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations and walking speed, a 'vital sign' in older adults. Our objective was to systematically review and quantitatively assess the association of 25OHD concentration with walking speed. A Medline search was conducted on June 2017, with no limit of date, using the MeSH terms "Vitamin D" OR "Vitamin D Deficiency" combined with "Gait" OR "Gait disorders, Neurologic" OR "Walking speed" OR "Gait velocity"...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148202/common-paediatric-conditions-of-the-lower-limb
#5
REVIEW
Ashlee M Dobbe, Paul J Gibbons
Growing children are susceptible to a number of disorders to their lower extremities of varying degrees of severity. The diagnosis and management of these conditions can be challenging. With musculoskeletal symptoms being one of the leading reasons for visits to general practitioners, a working knowledge of the basics of these disorders can help in the appropriate diagnosis, treatment, counselling, and specialist referral. This review covers common disorders affecting the hip, the knee and the foot. The aim is to assist general practitioners in recognising developmental norms and differentiating physiological from pathological conditions and to identify when a specialist referral is necessary...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147653/health-status-and-the-demand-for-healthcare-among-the-elderly-in-the-rural-quoc-oai-district-of-hanoi-in-vietnam
#6
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sunghee H Tak, Juhwan Oh, Jinseon Yi, Soo-Young Yu, Truong Quang Trung
Background: Vietnam is experiencing an unprecedented demographic transition. Its proportion of elderly people is growing rapidly. Objective: This study explored the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural elderly Vietnamese and assessed their needs for healthcare services. Design: This study used a survey with stratified proportion sampling and quota assignment. In 2016, data was collected from 713 people in the rural Quoc-Oai district of Hanoi aged 60 or older...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146737/rheumatic-disorders-associated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-patients-with-cancer-clinical-aspects-and-relationship-with-tumour-response-a-single-centre-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Marie Kostine, Léa Rouxel, Thomas Barnetche, Rémi Veillon, Florent Martin, Caroline Dutriaux, Léa Dousset, Anne Pham-Ledard, Sorilla Prey, Marie Beylot-Barry, Amaury Daste, Marine Gross-Goupil, Julie Lallier, Alain Ravaud, Edouard Forcade, Bernard Bannwarth, Marie-Elise Truchetet, Christophe Richez, Nadia Mehsen, Thierry Schaeverbeke
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and type of rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), as well as the correlation with tumour response. METHODS: This was a single-centre prospective observational study including all cancer patients receiving ICIs. The occurrence of irAEs and tumour response was assessed on a regular basis. Patients who experienced musculoskeletal symptoms were referred to the department of rheumatology for clinical evaluation and management...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146651/prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-and-associated-factors-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#8
Dragana Ceprnja, Lucinda Chipchase, Amitabh Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Women with PPGP report difficulty performing everyday functional activities, such as standing and walking. However, the magnitude of the problem remains unknown in Australia. It is important to determine how many women are affected by this condition and the factors associated with PPGP as this will direct healthcare services to being able to better manage women during pregnancy. Thus, this study aims to determine the prevalence of PPGP and associated factors in a Western Sydney population...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142034/cumulative-burden-of-glucocorticoid-related-adverse-events-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-findings-from-a-12-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Hung-Lin Chen, Li-Jiuan Shen, Ping-Ning Hsu, Chieh-Yu Shen, Susan A Hall, Fei-Yuan Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this population-based study is to examine the adverse events (AE) associated with longitudinal systemic glucocorticoid (GC) use among an ethnic Chinese systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort. METHODS: Our study subjects were patients with newly diagnosed SLE aged 18 and older who received at least 1 prescription of systemic GC between 2001 and 2012 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). The earliest prescription date of systemic GC for each subject was defined as the index date...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138901/-which-factors-are-associated-with-the-use-of-potentially-inadequate-medications-pim-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-degs1
#10
Heinz G Endres, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Hildtraud Knopf, Petra A Thürmann
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate a relationship between the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) for patients 65 years or older and an increased risk for adverse events, in particular hospitalisations. The RKI conducted DEGS1-Survey ("German health interview and examination survey for adults") provides a representative sample of the target population to identify determinants for PIM use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of older persons in Germany, who currently use PIM, and if there are subpopulations among older persons with a particularly high PIM use...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137611/diagnostic-validity-and-triage-concordance-of-a-physiotherapist-compared-to-physicians-diagnoses-for-common-knee-disorders
#11
S Décary, M Fallaha, B Pelletier, P Frémont, J Martel-Pelletier, J-P Pelletier, D E Feldman, M-P Sylvestre, P-A Vendittoli, F Desmeules
BACKGROUND: Emergence of more autonomous roles for physiotherapists warrants more evidence regarding their diagnostic capabilities. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate diagnostic and surgical triage concordance between a physiotherapist and expert physicians and to assess the diagnostic validity of the physiotherapist's musculoskeletal examination (ME) without imaging. METHODS: This is a prospective diagnostic study where 179 consecutive participants consulting for any knee complaint were independently diagnosed and triaged by two evaluators: a physiotherapist and one expert physician (orthopaedic surgeons or sport medicine physicians)...
November 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137025/tapentadol-versus-tramadol-in-the-management-of-low-back-pain-in-the-emergency-department-impact-of-use-on-the-need-for-reassessments
#12
Carlos A Guillén-Astete, César Cardona-Carballo, Cristina de la Casa-Resino
Nontraumatic musculoskeletal disorders are the main reason for presentation to the emergency department (ED), with rachialgia (back pain) being the most common reason to request medical assessment among them. This also generates the highest demand for reassessments due to poor pain control or onset of adverse reactions to the treatment prescribed in the initial assessment.A retrospective observational study based on usual clinical practice was conducted in patients attending the ED due to low back pain during a period of 24 months...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136757/muscone-exerts-protective-roles-on-alcohol-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#13
Yan-Jie Guo, Shi-Hua Luo, Ming-Jie Tang, Zu-Bin Zhou, Jun-Hui Yin, You-Shui Gao, Xiao-Qian Dang
Long-term alcohol abuse causes musculoskeletal disorders, among of which, alcohol-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is of concern due to its significant and severe complications. A variety of methods have been attempted to prevent alcohol-induced ONFH, and monomers extracted from Chinese herbs might benefit the disease profoundly. In the current study, muscone, the main ingredient of musk, was used to prevent alcohol-induced ONFH. In vitro, ethanol was used to affect the potential of osteogenesis and proliferation of human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs), and beneficial role of muscone was investigated on hBMSCs...
November 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136387/randomized-multicenter-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-duloxetine-versus-placebo-for-aromatase-inhibitor-associated-arthralgias-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-swog-s1202
#14
N Lynn Henry, Joseph M Unger, Anne F Schott, Louis Fehrenbacher, Patrick J Flynn, Debra M Prow, Carl W Sharer, Gary V Burton, Charles S Kuzma, Anna Moseley, Danika L Lew, Michael J Fisch, Carol M Moinpour, Dawn L Hershman, James L Wade
Purpose Adherence to aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy for early-stage breast cancer is limited by AI-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS). Duloxetine is US Food and Drug Administration approved for treatment of multiple chronic pain disorders. We hypothesized that treatment of AIMSS with duloxetine would improve average joint pain compared with placebo. Methods This randomized, double-blind, phase III trial included AI-treated postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer and who had average joint pain score of ≥ 4 out of 10 that developed or worsened since AI therapy initiation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136048/-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-and-dental-students-in-the-netherlands
#15
J J M Bruers, L E C M Trommelen, P Hawi, H S Brand
In this study, the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among dentists and dental students in the Netherlands was inventoried by means of 2 corresponding web surveys. 196 (25% response) dentists and 359 (40% response) dental students participated. 80% of the dentists and 95% of the dental students reported to have suffered from pain in muscles and joints in the last 12 months. In particular, they mentioned complaints of the neck, the shoulders and the lower back. Dental students also frequently reported complaints of the upper back...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130771/return-to-work-success-despite-conflicts-an-exploration-of-decision-making-during-a-work-rehabilitation-program
#16
Marie-Michelle Gouin, Marie-France Coutu, Marie-José Durand
PURPOSE: Collective decision-making by stakeholders appears important to return-to-work success, yet few studies have explored the processes involved. This study aims to explore the influence of decision-making on return-to-work for workers with musculoskeletal or common mental disorders. METHOD: This study is a secondary analysis using data from three earlier multiple-case studies that documented decision-making during similar and comparable work rehabilitation programs...
November 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127246/non-oncologic-applications-of-pet-ct-and-pet-mr-in-musculoskeletal-orthopedic-and-rheumatologic-imaging-general-considerations-techniques-and-radiopharmaceuticals
#17
Ali Gholamrezanezhad, Kyle Basques, Ali Batouli, Mojtaba Olyaie, George Matcuk, Abass Alavi, Hossein Jadvar
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is often underutilized in the field of musculoskeletal imaging, with key reasons including the excellent performance of conventional musculoskeletal MRI, the limited spatial resolution of PET, and the lack of reimbursement for PET for non-oncologic musculoskeletal indications. However, with improvements in PET/CT and PET/MR imaging over the last decade as well as an increased understanding of the pathophysiology of musculoskeletal diseases, there is an emerging potential for PET as a primary or complementary modality in the management of rheumatologic and orthopedic patients...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123982/decreased-grip-strength-muscle-pain-and-atrophy-occur-in-rats-following-long-term-exposure-to-excessive-repetitive-motion
#18
Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Masahiro Iwata, Takayuki Inoue, Yosuke Aizawa, Natsumi Yoshito, Kazuhiro Hayashi, Shigeyuki Suzuki
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are caused by the overuse of muscles in the workplace. Performing repetitive tasks is a primary risk factor for the development of WMSD. Many workers in highly repetitive jobs exhibit muscle pain and decline in handgrip strength, yet the mechanisms underlying these dysfunctions are poorly understood. In our study, rats performed voluntary repetitive reaching and grasping tasks (Task group), while Control group rats did not perform these activities. In the Task group, grip strength and forearm flexor withdrawal threshold declined significantly from week 2 to week 6, compared with these values at week 0 (P < 0...
November 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123372/the-effect-of-musculoskeletal-problems-on-fatigue-and-productivity-of-office-personnel-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
REVIEW
H Daneshmandi, A R Choobineh, H Ghaem, M Alhamd, A Fakherpour
Introduction: Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) can impact on fatigue and productivity of office workers. This study aimed to investigate the effect of musculoskeletal problems on fatigue and productivity among office personnel. Methods: This study was performed on 101 Iranian office workers. Data were gathered through a demographic questionnaire, Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, Numeric Rating Scale, Persian version of Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale, and Persian version of Health and Work Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123326/vibrations-transmitted-from-human-hands-to-upper-arm-shoulder-back-neck-and-head
#20
Xueyan S Xu, Ren G Dong, Daniel E Welcome, Christopher Warren, Thomas W McDowell, John Z Wu
Some powered hand tools can generate significant vibration at frequencies below 25 Hz. It is not clear whether such vibration can be effectively transmitted to the upper arm, shoulder, neck, and head and cause adverse effects in these substructures. The objective of this study is to investigate the vibration transmission from the human hands to these substructures. Eight human subjects participated in the experiment, which was conducted on a 1-D vibration test system. Unlike many vibration transmission studies, both the right and left hand-arm systems were simultaneously exposed to the vibration to simulate a working posture in the experiment...
December 2017: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
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