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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904799/a-clinical-guide-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-breathing-pattern-disorders-in-the-physically-active-part-2-a-case-series
#1
Jena Hansen-Honeycutt, Erin B Chapman, Alan Nasypany, Russell T Baker, Jim May
INTRODUCTION: Breathing pattern disorders (BPDs) are characterized by persistent, suboptimal breathing strategies that may result in additional musculoskeletal pain and/or dysfunction. The purpose of this case series was to examine the effects of Primal Reflex Release Technique (PRRT) and breathing exercise interventions in physically active individuals that presented with a primary complaint of musculoskeletal pain, a BPD, and startle reflexes. SUBJECTS: The assessment techniques described in Part 1 of this series were used to identify three student athletes (aged 16-22) who presented with musculoskeletal pain of the low back, mid back, and knee, BPDs, and startle reflexes...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898256/comparative-study-of-the-physiotherapeutic-and-drug-protocol-and-low-level-laser-irradiation-in-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-temporomandibular-dysfunction
#2
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Uoston Holder Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo A B Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Natalia De Isla, Lucio Frigo
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of the craniofacial complex affected by neurological diseases. Orthopedic and musculoskeletal changes can also cause temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain. Low-level laser (LLL) therapy has been studied in the treatment of temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) dysfunction, and controversial results were obtained. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was comparing the physiotherapeutic and drug protocol (PDP) to LLL therapy in the treatment of pain associated with TMD...
November 29, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895505/evaluating-increased-resource-use-in-fibromyalgia-using-electronic-health-records
#3
Jay M Margolis, Elizabeth T Masters, Joseph C Cappelleri, David M Smith, Steven Faulkner
OBJECTIVE: The management of fibromyalgia (FM), a chronic musculoskeletal disease, remains challenging, and patients with FM are often characterized by high health care resource utilization. This study sought to explore potential drivers of all-cause health care resource utilization and other factors associated with high resource use, using a large electronic health records (EHR) database to explore data from patients diagnosed with FM. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of de-identified EHR data from the Humedica database...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895349/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-in-teaching-hospitals-in-karachi-pakistan
#4
Muhammad Hasan Hameed, Robia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Sheikh Bilal Badar
Work-related musculoskeletal pain is common among healthcare professionals, including dentists. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among dentists. This study was carried out from January to April 2016 at various teaching hospitals of Karachi, and comprised 230 dentists. A self-administered questionnaire, adapted from a validated Nordic questionnaire, was distributed among the participants. Descriptive statistics were computed and associations of interest were analysed using chi-square test...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895237/emotional-labor-links-to-depression-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-call-center-workers
#5
Hye-Jin Kim, Jina Choo
Little evidence links emotional labor to either psychological or physical health. This study determined whether the two types of emotional labor (i.e., surface vs. deep acting) were significantly associated with depressive symptoms and work-related musculoskeletal disorders in call center workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 274 workers recruited from a call center in Seoul, South Korea. In adjusted regression models, levels of surface, but not deep, acting were significantly and positively associated with depressive symptoms...
November 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#6
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888849/new-techniques-in-mr-imaging-of-the-ankle-and-foot
#7
REVIEW
Won C Bae, Thumanoon Ruangchaijatuporn, Christine B Chung
Foot and ankle disorders are common in everyday clinical practice. MR imaging is frequently required for diagnosis given the variety and complexity of foot and ankle anatomy. Although conventional MR imaging plays a significant role in diagnosis, contemporary management increasingly relies on advanced imaging for monitoring therapeutic response. There is an expanding need for identification of biomarkers for musculoskeletal tissues. Advanced imaging techniques capable of imaging these tissue substrates will be increasingly used in routine clinical practice...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886698/regional-rheumatic-disorders-and-rehabilitation-in-older-adults
#8
REVIEW
Ana T Acevedo, Adrienne Jackson, Katharine E Alter
Musculoskeletal problems are the most frequently reported complaints among older adults living in the community. The impact of the aging process on skeletal muscles and joints can have a profound effect on the ability of individuals with and without disabilities to function. This article reviews the rehabilitation medicine approach to the evaluation of older adults with regional rheumatic disorders, and the rehabilitation medicine considerations for clinical interventions. Future research considerations are encouraged in order to gain a greater understanding of the subject matter and its impact on the provision of care and patients' quality of life...
February 2017: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882481/assessment-criteria-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-in-japan-proposal-by-an-expert-panel-supported-by-the-research-program-of-intractable-diseases-ministry-of-health-labour-and-welfare-japan-the-japanese-society-for-bone-and-mineral-research-and-the
#9
Ryo Okazaki, Keiichi Ozono, Seiji Fukumoto, Daisuke Inoue, Mika Yamauchi, Masanori Minagawa, Toshimi Michigami, Yasuhiro Takeuchi, Toshio Matsumoto, Toshitsugu Sugimoto
Vitamin D is indispensable for the maintenance of bone and mineral health. Inadequate vitamin D action increases the risk for various musculoskeletal/mineral events including fracture, fall, secondary hyperparathyroidism, diminished response to antiresorptives, rickets/osteomalacia, and hypocalcemia. Its most common cause in recent years is vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency, clinically defined by a low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level. Guidelines for vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency defined by serum 25(OH)D concentrations have been published all over the world...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875992/optimizing-literature-search-in-systematic-reviews-are-medline-embase-and-central-enough-for-identifying-effect-studies-within-the-area-of-musculoskeletal-disorders
#10
Thomas Aagaard, Hans Lund, Carsten Juhl
BACKGROUND: When conducting systematic reviews, it is essential to perform a comprehensive literature search to identify all published studies relevant to the specific research question. The Cochrane Collaborations Methodological Expectations of Cochrane Intervention Reviews (MECIR) guidelines state that searching MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL should be considered mandatory. The aim of this study was to evaluate the MECIR recommendations to use MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL combined, and examine the yield of using these to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) within the area of musculoskeletal disorders...
November 22, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869739/perinatal-risk-factors-and-genu-valgum-conducive-to-the-onset-of-growing-pains-in-early-childhood
#12
Angelos Kaspiris, Efstathios Chronopoulos, Elias Vasiliadis
The most prevalent musculoskeletal disorder of childhood with unclear aetiology is growing pains (GPs). Anatomic deformities and factors that change bone turnover are implicated in GP pathophysiology. Perinatal risk factors alter the bone metabolism affecting the bone mineral density and content. The aim of our study was to analyze the relationship between GPs, knock knees and perinatal factors. The examined population consisted of 276 children aged 3-7 years. Among them, ten pairs of dizygotic twins were evaluated...
November 18, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869243/personal-risk-factors-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-female-visual-display-unit-workers
#13
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome, which since the beginning of the seventies has been linked to the keyboard and visual display unit (VDU). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and personal factors associated with CTS in female VDU workers in Italy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants in this study were female adult subjects, working ≥ 20 h/week (N = 631, mean age 38.14±7.81 years, mean working age 12...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868066/application-of-machine-learning-approaches-for-classifying-sitting-posture-based-on-force-and-acceleration-sensors
#14
Roland Zemp, Matteo Tanadini, Stefan Plüss, Karin Schnüriger, Navrag B Singh, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
Occupational musculoskeletal disorders, particularly chronic low back pain (LBP), are ubiquitous due to prolonged static sitting or nonergonomic sitting positions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an instrumented chair with force and acceleration sensors to determine the accuracy of automatically identifying the user's sitting position by applying five different machine learning methods (Support Vector Machines, Multinomial Regression, Boosting, Neural Networks, and Random Forest). Forty-one subjects were requested to sit four times in seven different prescribed sitting positions (total 1148 samples)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867264/traditional-herbal-formulas-to-as-treatments-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-their-inhibitory-effects-on-the-activities-of-human-microsomal-cytochrome-p450s-and-udp-glucuronosyltransferases
#15
Seong Eun Jin, Chang-Seob Seo, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin, Hyekyung Ha
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of traditional herbal formulas, including Bangpungtongseong-san (BPTSS; Fangfengtongsheng-san, Bofu-tsusho-san), Ojeok-san (OJS; Wuji-san, Goshaku-san), and Oyaksungi-san (OYSGS; Wuyaoshungi-san, Uyakujyunki-san), on the activities of the human cytochrome P450s (CYP450s) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), which are drug-metabolizing enzymes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The activities of the major human CYP450 isozymes (CYP1A2, CYP3A4, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP2E1) and UGTs (UGT1A1, UGT1A4, and UGT2B7) were investigated using in vitro fluorescence-based and luminescence-based enzyme assays, respectively...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866433/rasch-validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-lower-extremity-functional-scale
#16
Ali H Alnahdi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the internal construct validity of the Arabic version of the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (20-item Arabic LEFS) using Rasch analysis. METHODS: Patients (n = 170) with lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction were recruited. Rasch analysis of 20-item Arabic LEFS was performed. Once the initial Rasch analysis indicated that the 20-item Arabic LEFS did not fit the Rasch model, follow-up analyses were conducted to improve the fit of the scale to the Rasch measurement model...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866430/assessing-catastrophic-thinking-associated-with-debilitating-mental-health-conditions
#17
Emily Moore, Heather Adams, Tamra Ellis, Pascal Thibault, Michael J L Sullivan
PURPOSE: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Symptom Catastrophizing Scale (SCS). The SCS items were drawn from the Pain Catastrophizing Scale but were modified to make them better suited to the context of debilitating mental health conditions that are not necessarily associated with pain. The number of items was reduced from 13 to 7, and the response scale was simplified. METHODS: The SCS was administered to individuals diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) (N = 79) or with a chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) condition (N = 88)...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860332/ezetimibe-use-costs-and-adverse-events-in-australia
#18
Samantha A Hollingworth, Remo Ostino, Michael C David, Jennifer H Martin, Susan E Tett
AIM: To analyse the subsidised use and reported adverse events of ezetimibe, used to lower cholesterol, in Australia over the 11 years following its inclusion on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) in 2004. METHODS: Pharmacoepidemiological analysis of dispensed prescriptions from Medicare Australia. Adverse event data were obtained from the Therapeutic Goods Administration. Use was measured by the defined daily dose (DDD) per 1,000 population per day for each calendar year...
November 17, 2016: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859817/lncrnas-novel-players-in-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-and-osteoarthritis
#19
REVIEW
Wen-Kang Chen, Xiao-Hua Yu, Wei Yang, Cheng Wang, Wen-Si He, Yi-Guo Yan, Jian Zhang, Wen-Jun Wang
The term long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) refers to a group of RNAs with length more than 200 nucleotides, limited protein-coding potential, and having widespread biological functions, including regulation of transcriptional patterns and protein activity, formation of endogenous small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and natural microRNA (miRNA) sponges. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) and osteoarthritis (OA) are the most common chronic, prevalent and age-related degenerative musculoskeletal disorders. Numbers of lncRNAs are differentially expressed in human degenerative nucleus pulposus tissue and OA cartilage...
November 9, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858678/clinicians-perspective-of-the-current-diagnostic-criteria-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome
#20
L Grosman-Rimon, Hance Clarke, Patricia Branco Mills, Aaron Kin-Yun Chan, Dinesh Kumbhare
INTRODUCTION: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. However, MPS is often under-diagnosed. The purpose of this study was to characterize practicing clinicians' perspectives of the current diagnostic criteria for MPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used with a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire evaluated clinicians' perspective of the current diagnostic criteria for MPS. The sample population (n= 119) consisted of 40% family physicians, 31% physical medicine (PM) and rehabilitation specialists, 11% rheumatologists, 10% emergency room (ER) physicians, and 8% anesthesiologists specializing in chronic pain...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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