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musculoskeletal disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236562/hand-rest-and-wrist-support-are-effective-in-preventing-fatigue-during-prolonged-typing
#1
Bianca Callegari, Marília Maniglia de Resende, Manoel da Silva Filho
STUDY DESIGN: Case series (longitudinal). INTRODUCTION: Only few reports concerning the efficacy of commonly used strategies for preventing upper limb occupational disorders associated with prolonged typing exist. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: We aimed to investigate whether the duration of typing and the use of 2 strategies (hand rest and wrist support) changes muscle physiological response and therefore the electromyography records. METHODS: We enrolled 25 volunteers, who were unfamiliar with the task and did not have musculoskeletal disorders...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226884/analysis-of-comfort-and-ergonomics-for-clinical-work-environments
#2
Ali Shafti, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Oussama Elhage, Helge A Wurdemann, Kaspar Althoefer, Ali Shafti, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Oussama Elhage, Helge A Wurdemann, Kaspar Althoefer, Helge A Wurdemann, Beatriz Urbistondo Lazpita, Kaspar Althoefer, Ali Shafti, Oussama Elhage
Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a serious risk to workers' health in any work environment, and especially in clinical work places. These disorders are typically the result of prolonged exposure to non-ergonomic postures and the resulting discomfort in the workplace. Thus a continuous assessment of comfort and ergonomics is necessary. There are different techniques available to make such assessments, such as self-reports on perceived discomfort and observational scoring models based on the posture's relevant joint angles...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225991/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-obese-patients-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
Gabriela Calenzani, Fabiana Ferreira Dos Santos, Veronica Lourenço Wittmer, Grace Kelly Filgueiras Freitas, Flávia Marini Paro
Objective: This study was designed to identify the major musculoskeletal symptoms of individuals with obesity, to assess their health-related quality of life, and to evaluate the correlation between the musculoskeletal symptoms and the individuals' health-related quality of life. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study. Instruments used: "Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire" and "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)"...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224704/advanced-glycation-end-products-regulate-anabolic-and-catabolic-activities-via-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-human-nucleus-pulposus-cells
#4
Yu Song, Yan Wang, Yukun Zhang, Wen Geng, Wei Liu, Yong Gao, Shuai Li, Kun Wang, Xinghuo Wu, Liang Kang, Cao Yang
Intervertebral disc degeneration is widely recognized as a cause of lower back pain, neurological dysfunction and other musculoskeletal disorders. The major inflammatory cytokine IL-1β is associated with intervertebral disc degeneration; however, the molecular mechanisms that drive IL-1β production in the intervertebral disc, especially in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells, are unknown. In some tissues, advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which accumulate in NP tissues and promote its degeneration, increase oxidative stress and IL-1β secretion, resulting in disorders, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus and ageing...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224414/does-the-length-of-disability-between-injury-and-functional-restoration-program-entry-affect-treatment-outcomes-for-patients-with-chronic-disabling-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders
#5
Sali Asih, Randy Neblett, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
Purpose Functional restoration programs (FRPs), for patients with chronic disabling occupational musculoskeletal disorders (CDOMDs), have consistently demonstrated positive socioeconomic treatment outcomes, including decreased psychosocial distress and increased work return. The pre-treatment length of disability (LOD), or time between injury and treatment admission, has been shown to influence FRP work outcomes. Some studies have found that shorter LOD is associated with better work outcomes. However, few studies have actually examined cohorts with LOD duration longer than 18 months...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222465/autologous-conditioned-plasma-versus-placebo-injection-therapy-in-lateral-epicondylitis-of-the-elbow-a-double-blind-randomized-study
#6
Volker Schöffl, Wolfgang Willauschus, Felix Sauer, Thomas Küpper, Isabelle Schöffl, Christoph Lutter, Kolja Gelse, Jörg Dickschas
Introduction There are various therapeutic approaches to the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, a highly prevalent musculoskeletal disorder. Recently, injection therapy with autologous conditioned plasma (ACP) has shown promise as a new approach. Methods Set up as a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial, this study involved 50 patients with lateral epicondylitis. Following external randomization, 25 patients received one round of injection therapy with ACP (platelet rich plasma, PRP), while the remaining 25 patients received a placebo of 0...
February 21, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222255/stemness-signature-of-equine-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#7
Morteza Zahedi, Abbas Parham, Hesam Dehghani, Hossein Kazemi Mehrjerdi
Background: Application of competent cells such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in equine athletes is increasingly needed. Moreover, similarities of horse and human in size, load and types of joint injuries, make horse as a good model for MSCs therapy studies. This study was designed to isolate and characterize stemness signature of equine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). Methods: BM of three mares was aspirated and the mononuclear cells (MNCs) were isolated using density gradient...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220607/neurological-and-spinal-manifestations-of-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#8
Fraser C Henderson, Claudiu Austin, Edward Benzel, Paolo Bolognese, Richard Ellenbogen, Clair A Francomano, Candace Ireton, Petra Klinge, Myles Koby, Donlin Long, Sunil Patel, Eric L Singman, Nicol C Voermans
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders characterized by joint hypermobility, skin extensibility, and tissue fragility. This communication briefly reports upon the neurological manifestations that arise including the weakness of the ligaments of the craniocervical junction and spine, early disc degeneration, and the weakness of the epineurium and perineurium surrounding peripheral nerves. Entrapment, deformation, and biophysical deformative stresses exerted upon the nervous system may alter gene expression, neuronal function and phenotypic expression...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220064/effect-of-experimentally-induced-trunk-muscular-tensions-on-the-sit-to-stand-task-performance-and-associated-postural-adjustments
#9
Alain Hamaoui, Caroline Alamini-Rodrigues
It has been shown that increased muscular activity along the trunk is likely to impair body balance, but there is little knowledge about its consequences on more dynamic tasks. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of unilateral and bilateral increases of muscular tension along the trunk on the sit-to-stand task (STS) performance and associated anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). Twelve healthy females (23 ± 3 years, 163 ± 0.06 cm, 56 ± 9 kg), free of any neurological or musculoskeletal disorders, performed six trials of the STS at maximum speed, in seven experimental conditions varying the muscular tension along each side of the trunk, using a specific bimanual compressive load paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219099/-associations-of-the-employment-status-during-the-first-2-years-following-medical-rehabilitation-and-long-term-occupational-trajectories-implications-for-outcome-measurement
#10
J Holstiege, R Kaluscha, S Jankowiak, G Krischak
Study Objectives: The aim was to investigate the predictive value of the employment status measured in the 6(th), 12(th), 18(th) and 24(th) month after medical rehabilitation for long-term employment trajectories during 4 years. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted based on a 20%-sample of all patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation funded by the German pension fund. Patients aged <62 years who were treated due to musculoskeletal, cardiovascular or psychosomatic disorders during the years 2002-2005 were included and followed for 4 consecutive years...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219096/-work-related-medical-rehabilitation
#11
M Bethge
Work-related medical rehabilitation (WMR) is a strategy to improve work participation in patients with poor work ability. This review summarizes the state of knowledge on WMR. The prevalence of poor work ability and corresponding need for WMR is high (musculoskeletal disorders: 43%; mental disorders: 57%). The meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in patients with musculoskeletal disorders shows better return to work outcomes after one year in favor of WMR patients than compared to patients participating in usual medical rehabilitation...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216207/musculoskeletal-pain-and-occupational-variables-in-teachers-with-voice-disorders-and-in-those-with-healthy-voices-a-pilot-study
#12
Jhonatan da Silva Vitor, Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Janine Santos Ramos, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare musculoskeletal pain perception in teachers with voice disorders and in those with healthy voices, and to investigate the relationship between musculoskeletal pain and occupational variables (ie, work journey per week and working period). METHOD: Forty-three classroom teachers were divided into two groups: dysphonic group (DG), 32 classroom teachers with voice complaints and voice disorders; and non-DG, 11 classroom teachers without voice complaints and who are vocally healthy...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215116/micro-computed-tomography-and-mechanical-evaluation-of-trabecular-bone-structure-in-osteopenic-and-osteoporotic-fractures
#13
Fırat Ozan, Mahmut Pekedis, Şemmi Koyuncu, Taşkın Altay, Hasan Yıldız, Cemil Kayalı
PURPOSE: Osteopenia and osteoporosis are the two most common musculoskeletal disorders in the elderly population. We determined whether osteopenic and osteoporotic patients with fractures exhibit differences in trabecular morphology and biomechanical properties of bone. METHODS: Fourteen osteopenic patients and 28 osteoporotic patients with hip fractures who underwent hemiarthroplasty for proximal femoral fractures caused by low-energy injury were included. Bone mineral density (BMD) measurements were performed...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213129/cyclic-compressive-stress-induced-scinderin-regulates-progress-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#14
Cheng-Long Wang, Hui Wang, Fei Xiao, Chuan-Dong Wang, Guo-Li Hu, Jun-Feng Zhu, Chao Shen, Bin Zuo, Yi-Min Cui, De Li, Yuan-Gao, Xiao-Ling Zhang, Xiao-Dong Chen
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common musculoskeletal disorder characterized by a mismatch between acetabulum and femoral head. Mechanical force plays an important role during the occurrence and development of abnormities in acetabulum and femoral head. In this study, we established a mechanical force model named cyclic compressive stress (Ccs). To analyze the effect of Ccs on DDH, we detected special genes in chondrocytes and osteoblasts. Results showed that Ccs downregulated chondrogenesis of ADTC5 in a concentration-dependent manner...
February 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211842/assessment-of-upper-limb-musculoskeletal-pain-and-posture-in-workers-of-packaging-units-of-pharmaceutical-industries
#15
Yasser Labbafinejad, Hossein Danesh, Zahra Imanizade
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are defined as the disabling or painful injury to the muscles, nerves or tendons that are caused by work or aggravated by it. Some studies confirm the association between working in packaging units in various industries and the pain in the upper limb, but also there are controversies about the possible risk factors among different working populations. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to define the potential ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in the upper limb...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210648/utilization-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-an-analysis-of-current-treatment-trends-in-the-united-states
#16
Joanne Y Zhang, Peter D Fabricant, Chad R Ishmael, Jeffrey C Wang, Frank A Petrigliano, Kristofer J Jones
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a popular biologic treatment for musculoskeletal injuries and conditions. Despite numerous investigations on the efficacy of PRP therapy, current utilization of this treatment within the United States is not widely known. PURPOSE: To investigate the national utilization of PRP, including the incidence and conditions for which it is used in the clinical setting, and to determine the current charges associated with this treatment...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210071/update-on-the-medical-management-of-gastrointestinal-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Giuseppe Lopalco, Donato Rigante, Vincenzo Venerito, Claudia Fabiani, Rossella Franceschini, Michele Barone, Giovanni Lapadula, Mauro Galeazzi, Bruno Frediani, Florenzo Iannone, Luca Cantarini
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disorder of unknown etiology mainly defined by recurrent oral aphthosis, genital ulcers, and chronic relapsing bilateral uveitis, all of which represent the "stigmata" of disease. However, many other organs including the vascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal systems can be affected. The gastrointestinal involvement in Behçet's disease (GIBD), along with the neurological and vascular ones, represents the most feared clinical manifestation of BD and shares many symptoms with inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209629/burden-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#18
Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Stein Emil Vollset, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Farah Daoud, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Ibrahim Khalil, Hideki Higashi, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Khurshid Alam, Nadia Akseer, Nawal Al-Hamad, Raghib Ali, Mohammad AbdulAziz AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Abdullah A Al-Rabeeah, Ubai Alsharif, Khalid A Altirkawi, Suleman Atique, Alaa Badawi, Lope H Barrero, Mohammed Basulaiman, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela M Bensenor, Rachelle Buchbinder, Hadi Danawi, Samath D Dharmaratne, Faiez Zannad, Maryam S Farvid, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Farshad Farzadfar, Florian Fischer, Rahul Gupta, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Masako Horino, Damian G Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Mehdi Javanbakht, Jost B Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Jagdish Khubchandani, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Jacek A Kopec, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Kedar Mate, Alem Mehari, Michele Meltzer, Ziad A Memish, Mojde Mirarefin, Shafiu Mohammed, Aliya Naheed, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, In-Hwan Oh, Eun-Kee Park, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Rahman Shiri, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M Rana, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Ivy Shiue, Abla Mehio Sibai, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Jasvinder A Singh, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Ronny Westerman, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Stephen S Lim, Haidong Wang, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 to report the burden of musculoskeletal disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). METHODS: The burden of musculoskeletal disorders was calculated for the EMR's 22 countries between 1990 and 2013. A systematic analysis was performed on mortality and morbidity data to estimate prevalence, death, years of live lost, years lived with disability and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)...
February 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208595/congenital-malformations-in-river-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#19
REVIEW
Sara Albarella, Francesca Ciotola, Emanuele D'Anza, Angelo Coletta, Luigi Zicarelli, Vincenzo Peretti
The world buffalo population is about 168 million, and it is still growing, in India, China, Brazil, and Italy. In these countries, buffalo genetic breeding programs have been performed for many decades. The occurrence of congenital malformations has caused a slowing of the genetic progress and economic loss for the breeders, due to the death of animals, or damage to their reproductive ability or failing of milk production. Moreover, they cause animal welfare reduction because they can imply foetal dystocia and because the affected animals have a reduced fitness with little chances of survival...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207006/papillary-transitional-cell-bladder-carcinoma-and-systematized-epidermal-nevus-syndrome
#20
Adekemi Akingboye, Heather Schultz, Gina A Taylor
Epidermal nevus syndrome (ENS), also known as Solomon syndrome, is a rare neurocutaneous disorder defined by mosaicism. Epidermal nevus syndrome may be associated with a variety of systemic findings, several of which have been described in the literature, including but not limited to central nervous system abnormalities and internal malignancies. There is a paucity of reports of patients with both epidermal nevi and papillary transitional cell bladder carcinoma in the literature. We present a rare case of systematized epidermal nevi associated with development of papillary transitional cell bladder carcinoma in a young woman...
January 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
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