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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331126/self-reported-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-dentists-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Zainah Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al-Zoughool
Musculoskeletal disorders are very common in the dental practice. This cross-sectional study assessed the nature and prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) and their associated risk factors among dentists in three types of clinics in Riyadh. A structured, self-administered questionnaire about demographic characteristics, nature of work, and prevalence and frequency of MS was completed by 274 male and 241 female dentists. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables...
March 22, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328697/the-fear-avoidance-components-scale-facs-responsiveness-to-functional-restoration-treatment-in-a-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-disorder-cmpd-population
#2
Randy Neblett, Tom G Mayer, Mark J Williams, Sali Asih, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Meredith M Hartzell, Robert J Gatchel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical validity and factor structure of the Fear-Avoidance Components Scale (FACS), a new fear-avoidance (FA) measure. METHODS: In this study, 426 chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder (CMPD) patients were admitted to a functional restoration program (FRP). They were categorized into five FACS severity levels, from Subclinical to Extreme, at admission, and again at discharge. Associations with objective lifting performance and other patient-reported psychosocial measures were determined at admission and discharge, and objective work outcomes for this predominantly disabled cohort, were assessed one-year later...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327142/exome-sequencing-identified-rare-variants-in-genes-hspg2-and-atp2b4-in-a-family-segregating-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#3
Sulman Basit, Alia M Albalawi, Essa Alharby, Khalid I Khoshhal
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common pathological condition of the musculoskeletal system in infants which results in a congenital and developmental malformation of the hip joint. DDH is a spectrum of pathologies affecting the infant hip ranging from asymptomatic subtle radiographic signs through mild instability to frank dislocations with acetabular dysplasia. A Saudi family with three affected individuals with DDH was identified and genetic analysis was performed to detect the possible genetic defect(s) underlying DDH in the affected members of the family...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325585/gender-differences-in-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-among-veterans-with-musculoskeletal-disorders
#4
Diana M Higgins, Brenda T Fenton, Mary A Driscoll, Alicia A Heapy, Robert D Kerns, Matthew J Bair, Constance Carroll, Penny L Brennan, Diana J Burgess, John D Piette, Sally G Haskell, Cynthia A Brandt, Joseph L Goulet
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that women may be at greater risk for developing chronic pain and pain-related disability. METHODS: Because musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are the most frequently endorsed painful conditions among veterans, we sought to characterize gender differences in sociodemographic and clinical correlates among veterans upon entry into Veterans Health Administration's Musculoskeletal Disorders Cohort (n = 4,128,008). RESULTS: Women were more likely to be younger, Black, unmarried, and veterans of recent conflicts...
March 18, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325149/low-dose-naltrexone-in-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia
#5
Samy K Metyas, Karen Yeter, John Solyman, Daniel Arkfeld
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder characterized by diffuse musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance and cognitive impairment. A significant number of fibromyalgia patients do not respond adequately to the current drugs (pregabalin, milnacipran, duloxetine) approved for fibromyalgia treatment by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Thus, there is still a need for adjunctive therapies. Naltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist used to treat alcohol and opioid dependence. It is hypothesized that low dose naltrexone causes transient blockade of opioid receptors centrally resulting in a rebound of endorphin function which may attenuate pain in fibromyalgia...
March 21, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321566/differential-effects-of-bifrontal-and-occipital-nerve-stimulation-on-pain-and-fatigue-using-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-fibromyalgia-patients
#6
Wing Ting To, Evan James, Jan Ost, John Hart, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste
Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain frequently accompanied by other symptoms such as fatigue. Moderate improvement from pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments have proposed non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the occipital nerve (more specifically the C2 area) or to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) as potential treatments. We aimed to explore the effectiveness of repeated sessions of tDCS (eight sessions) targeting the C2 area and DLPFC in reducing fibromyalgia symptoms, more specifically pain and fatigue...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321293/primary-prevention-in-chiropractic-practice-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Guillaume Goncalves, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors are primarily concerned with musculoskeletal disorders but have the responsibility to deal also with prevention in other areas. OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of chiropractors who have a positive opinion on the use of primary prevention (PP), their actual use of PP, and the proportion of patients who consult for PP in relation to (i) musculoskeletal disorders, (ii) public health issues, or (iii) chiropractic treatment for wellness...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320356/association-between-v%C3%AC-o2max-handgrip-strength-and-musculoskeletal-pain-among-construction-and-health-care-workers
#8
Lene Lehmann Moberg, Lars-Kristian Lunde, Markus Koch, Anne Therese Tveter, Kaj Bo Veiersted
BACKGROUND: Construction and health care workers have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, and they are assumed to have physically demanding jobs. Profession- and gender-specific associations between individual capacity and musculoskeletal pain have not been sufficiently investigated. The main aim of this study was to examine the association between individual capacity (maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) and handgrip strength) and musculoskeletal pain among construction and health care workers...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319248/cyclic-tensile-strain-enhances-human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-smad-2-3-activation-and-tenogenic-differentiation-in-anisotropic-collagen-glycosaminoglycan-scaffolds
#9
W G Grier, A S Moy, B A Harley
Stem cell research arose from the need to explore new therapeutic possibilities for intractable and lethal diseases. Although musculoskeletal disorders are basically nonlethal, their high prevalence and relative ease of performing clinical trials have facilitated the clinical application of stem cells in this field. However, few reliable clinical studies have been published, despite the plethora of in vitro and preclinical studies in stem cell research for regenerative medicine in the musculoskeletal system...
March 20, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316843/anesthetic-considerations-in-a-patient-with-myotonic-dystrophy-for-hip-labral-repair
#10
Ramon Go, David Wang, Danielle Ludwin
Myotonic Dystrophy (DM) affects multiple organ systems. Disorders such as hyperthyroidism, progressive musculoskeletal weakness, cardiac dysrhythmias, hypoventilation, and cognitive-behavioral disorders may be present in these patients. Thorough preoperative assessment and anesthetic planning are required to minimize the risk of anesthetic complications. Patients with DM can exhibit exquisite sensitivity to sedatives, neuromuscular blocking agents, and volatile anesthetics, resulting in potential postoperative complications...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306646/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-surgeons-performing-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-systematic-review
#11
Chantal C J Alleblas, Anne Marie de Man, Lukas van den Haak, Mark E Vierhout, Frank Willem Jansen, Theodoor E Nieboer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) prevalence among surgeons performing minimally invasive surgery. BACKGROUND: Advancements in laparoscopic surgery have primarily focused on enhancing patient benefits. However, compared with open surgery, laparoscopic surgery imposes greater ergonomic constraints on surgeons. Recent reports indicate a 73% to 88% prevalence of physical complaints among laparoscopic surgeons, which is greater than in the general working population, supporting the need to address the surgeons' physical health...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303251/emg-processing-based-measures-of-fatigue-assessment-during-manual-lifting
#12
REVIEW
E F Shair, S A Ahmad, M H Marhaban, S B Mohd Tamrin, A R Abdullah
Manual lifting is one of the common practices used in the industries to transport or move objects to a desired place. Nowadays, even though mechanized equipment is widely available, manual lifting is still considered as an essential way to perform material handling task. Improper lifting strategies may contribute to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), where overexertion contributes as the highest factor. To overcome this problem, electromyography (EMG) signal is used to monitor the workers' muscle condition and to find maximum lifting load, lifting height and number of repetitions that the workers are able to handle before experiencing fatigue to avoid overexertion...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301984/comparisons-of-ergonomic-evaluation-tools-alla-rula-reba-and-owas-for-farm-work
#13
Yong-Ku Kong, Sung-Yong Lee, Kyung-Suk Lee, Dae-Min Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to validate the agricultural lower limb assessment (ALLA) ergonomics checklist, which was developed for various agricultural tasks in Korea. METHODS: 196 working postures were selected from the real agricultural tasks to verify ALLA, a lower limb body posture assessment tool, and then evaluated by 16 ergonomic experts. Hit rate, quadratic weighted κ, one-way analysis of variance, and t test analyses were applied to compare ALLA with other assessment tools...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299449/contribution-of-job-exposure-matrices-for-exposure-assessment-in-occupational-safety-and-health-monitoring-systems-application-from-the-french-national-occupational-disease-surveillance-and-prevention-network
#14
Arnaud Florentin, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Christophe Paris
OBJECTIVES: To detect new hazards ("signals"), occupational health monitoring systems mostly rest on the description of exposures in the jobs held and on reports by medical doctors; these are subject to declarative bias. Our study aims to assess whether job-exposure matrices (JEMs) could be useful tools for signal detection by improving exposure reporting. METHODS: Using the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) data from 2001 to 2011, we explored the associations between disease and exposure prevalence for 3 well-known pathology/exposure couples and for one debatable couple...
March 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299312/genetic-screening-of-mutations-associated-with-fabry-disease-in-a-nationwide-cohort-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-patients
#15
Maria J Gonçalves, Ana F Mourão, António Martinho, Olívia Simões, José Melo-Gomes, Manuel Salgado, Paula Estanqueiro, Célia Ribeiro, Iva Brito, João E Fonseca, Helena Canhão
Fabry's disease (FD) is a lysosomal storage disorder associated with an alpha-galactosidase A deficiency. The prevalence of FD among juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients with established diagnosis is unknown, but as musculoskeletal pain may be an important complaint at presentation, misdiagnosed cases are anticipated. With this study, we aim to calculate the frequency of FD-associated mutations in a cohort of JIA patients. Children with JIA from a national cohort were selected. Clinical and laboratorial information was recorded in the Portuguese rheumatic diseases register (http://Reuma...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296647/intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-lower-leg-waterplethysmography-bioelectrical-impedance-and-muscle-twitch-force-for-the-use-in-standing-work-evaluation
#16
Rudolf Wall, Oliwia Lips, Robert Seibt, Monika Rieger, Benjamin Steinhilber
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged standing is associated with multiple risk factors for musculoskeletal and venous disorders. Basic understanding of prolonged standing physiology is lacking. We therefore plan to investigate the influence of multiple hours standing on lower limb oedema measured by waterplethysmography (WP) and bioelectrical impedance (BI) and lower leg musle fatigue using muscle twitch force (MTF). In order to interpret our results, test-retest and inter-rater reliability of these measurement methods was evaluated first...
March 15, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295479/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorder-surveillance-using-the-washington-state-workers-compensation-system-recent-declines-and-patterns-by-industry-1999-2013
#17
Jennifer Marcum, Darrin Adams
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are common and place large economic and social burdens on workers and their communities. We describe recent WMSD trends and patterns of WMSD incidence among the Washington worker population by industry. METHODS: We used Washington State's workers' compensation compensable claims from 1999 to 2013 to describe incidence and cost of WMSD claims by body part and diagnosis, and to identify high-risk industries...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289747/physiotherapy-treatments-in-musculoskeletal-pathologies-associated-with-haemophilia-a-literature-review
#18
Jesús Guodemar-Pérez, Montserrat Ruiz-López, Elena Rodríguez-López, Pablo García-Fernández, Juan Pablo Hervás-Pérez
The aim of this study is to offer physiotherapists a synthesis of the main therapeutic tools available for the treatment of musculoskeletal pathologies in patients with haemophilia, according to the scientific literature. Although bleeds are recognised as no longer being a cause of death for people with haemophilia, the accompanying musculoskeletal injuries now represent the main problem associated with this disorder. There is a lack of clear guidelines to date regarding the physiotherapy treatment of these disorders...
March 14, 2017: Hämostaseologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288600/complementary-traditional-chinese-medicine-use-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#19
Hou-Hsun Liao, Hung-Rong Yen, Chih-Hsin Muo, Yu-Chen Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Li-Wei Chou, Mao-Feng Sun, Tung-Ti Chang
BACKGROUND: Complementary traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat patients with cerebral palsy (CP). However, large-scale surveys examining its use in the treatment of CP and associated disorders are lacking. METHODS: We enrolled 11,218 patients ≤ 18 years of age with CP in the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database from 1995 to 2011. Patients were categorized as TCM users (n = 6,997; 62.37%) and non-TCM users (n = 4,221; 37...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287998/design-and-validation-of-a-virtual-player-for-studying-interpersonal-coordination-in-the-mirror-game
#20
Chao Zhai, Francesco Alderisio, Piotr Slowinski, Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova, Mario di Bernardo
The mirror game has been recently proposed as a simple, yet powerful paradigm for studying interpersonal interactions. It has been suggested that a virtual partner able to play the game with human subjects can be an effective tool to affect the underlying neural processes needed to establish the necessary connections between the players, and also to provide new clinical interventions for rehabilitation of patients suffering from social disorders. Inspired by the motor processes of the central nervous system (CNS) and the musculoskeletal system in the human body, in this paper we develop a novel interactive cognitive architecture based on nonlinear control theory to drive a virtual player (VP) to play the mirror game with a human player (HP) in different configurations...
March 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
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