Read by QxMD icon Read

pH mapping

Tomislav Hengl, Jorge Mendes de Jesus, Gerard B M Heuvelink, Maria Ruiperez Gonzalez, Milan Kilibarda, Aleksandar Blagotić, Wei Shangguan, Marvin N Wright, Xiaoyuan Geng, Bernhard Bauer-Marschallinger, Mario Antonio Guevara, Rodrigo Vargas, Robert A MacMillan, Niels H Batjes, Johan G B Leenaars, Eloi Ribeiro, Ichsani Wheeler, Stephan Mantel, Bas Kempen
This paper describes the technical development and accuracy assessment of the most recent and improved version of the SoilGrids system at 250m resolution (June 2016 update). SoilGrids provides global predictions for standard numeric soil properties (organic carbon, bulk density, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), pH, soil texture fractions and coarse fragments) at seven standard depths (0, 5, 15, 30, 60, 100 and 200 cm), in addition to predictions of depth to bedrock and distribution of soil classes based on the World Reference Base (WRB) and USDA classification systems (ca...
2017: PloS One
Ronivaldo Rodrigues da Silva, Lilian Caroline Gonçalves de Oliveira, Maria Aparecida Juliano, Luiz Juliano, Arthur H C de Oliveira, Jose C Rosa, Hamilton Cabral
For a long time, proteolytic enzymes have been employed as key tools of industrial processes, especially in the dairy industry. In the present work, we used Phanerochaete chrysosporium for biochemical characterization and analysis of catalytic specificity of an aspartic peptidase. Our results revealed an aspartic peptidase with molecular mass ∼38kDa, maximal activity at pH 4.5 and 50°C, and stability above 80% in the pH range of 3-8 and temperature up to 55°C for 1h. In a milk-clotting assay, this peptidase showed maximal milk clotting activity at 60-65°C and maintenance of enzymatic activity above 80% in the presence of 20mM CaCl2...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Alexey V Shavrin
Five new species of the subgenus Minyphilydrodes of the genus Philydrodes Bernhauer, 1929 (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Omaliinae: Anthophagini) from China are described and illustrated: Ph. tridentatus sp.n. (Hubei, Gansu, Shaanxi and Sichuan), Ph. tibetanus sp.n. (Yunnan), Ph. reticulatus sp.n. (Shaanxi), Ph. wrasei sp.n. (Sichuan) and Ph. michaeli sp.n. (Sichuan). The morphological features of Philydrodes, differences between Japanese and Chinese species, the relations of the genus with other taxa of the tribe Anthophagini Thomson, 1859 are briefly discussed...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Huige Zhou, Jinglong Tang, Jiayang Li, Wanqi Li, Ying Liu, Chunying Chen
Surface ligands and their densities may significantly influence the optic, electric, and stable properties of inorganic nanoparticles as well as their magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characters. In this study, ultra-small iron oxide nanoparticles with hyaluronic acid as surface ligand (Fe3O4@HA) were designed to target tumor cells and tune the T1- and T2-weighted MRI by aggregating in the tumor microenvironment via the degradation of HA upon exposure to hyaluronidase (HAase) with decreasing pH. To realize this purpose, four kinds of Fe3O4@HA nanoparticles with increasing HA density were synthesized and characterized...
February 10, 2017: Nanoscale
Jake A Nesbitt, Matthew B J Lindsay
Vanadium has previously been linked to elevated toxicity of leachates derived from oil sands petroleum coke. However, geochemical controls on V mobility within coke deposits remain poorly constrained. Detailed examinations of porewater and solid-phase V geochemistry were therefore performed on oil sands fluid petroleum coke deposits in Alberta, Canada. Sample collection focused on both active and reclaimed deposits, which contained more than 3 × 10(7) m(3) of fluid petroleum coke. Dissolved V concentrations were highest (up to 3...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Lin Hu, Xue-Wu Yan, Qi Li, Xue-Ji Zhang, Dan Shan
In this work, a new visual colorimetric strip based on cellulose acetate nanofiber mats modified by 2-(5-Bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-(diethylamino) phenol was successfully prepared via electrospinning technology. The prepared colorimetric strip showed high sensitivity towards UO2(2+) with the yellow-to-purple color change signal. Upon the optimal conditions of solution pH at 6.0 and response time for 80min, the detection limit for UO2(2+) can reach 50 ppb. Moreover, the strip also exhibited excellent anti-interference ability in the presence of other metal ions...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Juan D Rodriguez, Saddef Haq, Tsvetan Bachvaroff, Kristine F Nowak, Scott J Nowak, Deri Morgan, Vladimir V Cherny, Maredith M Sapp, Steven Bernstein, Andrew Bolt, Thomas E DeCoursey, Allen R Place, Susan M E Smith
In 1972, J. Woodland Hastings and colleagues predicted the existence of a proton selective channel (HV1) that opens in response to depolarizing voltage across the vacuole membrane of bioluminescent dinoflagellates and conducts protons into specialized luminescence compartments (scintillons), thereby causing a pH drop that triggers light emission. HV1 channels were subsequently identified and demonstrated to have important functions in a multitude of eukaryotic cells. Here we report a predicted protein from Lingulodinium polyedrum that displays hallmark properties of bona fide HV1, including time-dependent opening with depolarization, perfect proton selectivity, and characteristic ΔpH dependent gating...
2017: PloS One
Navid Nouri, Rajeshwar Awatramani
The mesodiencephalic floor plate (mdFP) is the source of diverse neuron types. Yet, how this structure is compartmentalized has not been clearly elucidated. Here, we identify a novel boundary subdividing the mdFP into two microdomains, defined by Engrailed 1 (En1) and developing brain homeobox 1 (Dbx1) Utilizing simultaneous dual and intersectional fate mapping, we demonstrate that this boundary is precisely formed with minimal overlap between En1 and Dbx1 microdomains, unlike many other boundaries. We show that the En1 microdomain gives rise to dopaminergic (DA) neurons, while the Dbx1 microdomain gives rise to subthalamic (STN), premammillary (PM), and posterior hypothalamic (PH) populations...
February 7, 2017: Development
Christoph Maier, Ines Schadock, Philipp K Haber, Jan Wysocki, Minghao Ye, Yashpal Kanwar, Christopher A Flask, Xin Yu, Brian D Hoit, Gregory N Adams, Alvin H Schmaier, Michael Bader, Daniel Batlle
: Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) is a carboxypeptidase that cleaves angiotensin II (AngII) forming Ang(1-7). The impact of genetic PRCP deficiency on AngII metabolism, blood pressure (BP), kidney histology, and cardiac phenotype was investigated in two lines of PRCP-deficient mice: KST302 derived in C57BL/6 background and GST090 derived in FVB/N background. The GST090 line had increased mean arterial pressure (MAP) (113.7 ± 2.07 vs. WT 105.0 ± 1.23 mmHg; p < 0.01) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) (ratio of diastolic left ventricular posterior wall dimension to left ventricular diameter 0...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Xiufeng Qin, Jing Li, Yong Li, Yiru Gan, He Huang, Chenggang Liang
Human growth hormone plays an essential role in the treatment of dwarfism diseases, but it is limited in its short circulating half-life. Nowadays, some manufacturers are trying to take advantage of polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugated with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) to improve its half-life and efficacy. However, the modified products are heterogeneous mixtures composed of reaction products with different modification sites. It is generally known as a challenging task to separate and characterize a PEGylated product, especially for its positional isoforms...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Rodrigo Iván Contreras-Soto, Freddy Mora, Marco Antônio Rott de Oliveira, Wilson Higashi, Carlos Alberto Scapim, Ivan Schuster
Mapping quantitative trait loci through the use of linkage disequilibrium (LD) in populations of unrelated individuals provides a valuable approach for dissecting the genetic basis of complex traits in soybean (Glycine max). The haplotype-based genome-wide association study (GWAS) has now been proposed as a complementary approach to intensify benefits from LD, which enable to assess the genetic determinants of agronomic traits. In this study a GWAS was undertaken to identify genomic regions that control 100-seed weight (SW), plant height (PH) and seed yield (SY) in a soybean association mapping panel using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and haplotype information...
2017: PloS One
Manjri Garg, Jyotsna Sen, Sandeep Goyal, Dhruva Chaudhry
OBJECTIVE: Fluid infusion, the most critical step in the resuscitation of patients with septic shock, needs preferably continuous invasive hemodynamic monitoring. The study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonographically measured inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVC CI) in comparison to central venous pressure (CVP) in predicting fluid responsiveness in septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients of septic shock requiring ventilatory support (invasive/noninvasive) were included...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
M Hoesch, T K Kim, P Dudin, H Wang, S Scott, P Harris, S Patel, M Matthews, D Hawkins, S G Alcock, T Richter, J J Mudd, M Basham, L Pratt, P Leicester, E C Longhi, A Tamai, F Baumberger
A synchrotron radiation beamline in the photon energy range of 18-240 eV and an electron spectroscopy end station have been constructed at the 3 GeV Diamond Light Source storage ring. The instrument features a variable polarisation undulator, a high resolution monochromator, a re-focussing system to form a beam spot of 50 × 50 μm(2), and an end station for angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) including a 6-degrees-of-freedom cryogenic sample manipulator. The beamline design and its performance allow for a highly productive and precise use of the ARPES technique at an energy resolution of 10-15 meV for fast k-space mapping studies with a photon flux up to 2 ⋅ 10(13) ph/s and well below 3 meV for high resolution spectra...
January 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Amir Hamzeh Haghiabi
Rivers are one of the main sources of water supply for agricultural, industrial, and urban use, and therefore, surveying their water quality is necessary. Recently, artificial neural networks have been proposed as a powerful tool for modeling and predicting water quality parameters in natural streams. In this paper, a multilayer neural network (MLP) model was developed to predict water quality parameters of Tireh River located in South West of Iran. The main parameters of water quality, namely total dissolved solids; specific conductivity; pH; and HCO3, Cl, Na, SO4, Mg, and Ca concentrations, were measured and predicted using the MLP model...
January 28, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Hao Wang, Xuejiang Wang, Jinxing Ma, Peng Xia, Jianfu Zhao
In this study, raw attapulgite (APT) and a novel adsorbent, struvite/attapulgite (MAP/APT) obtained from nutrient-rich wastewater treated by MgO modified APT, were applied as the absorbent for Cd(II) ion removal from aqueous solution. The two adsorbents were characterized by BET, SEM-EDS, XRD, FT-IR. Raw APT and MAP/APT separately presented the maximum Cd(II) adsorption capacities of 10.38mg/g and 121.14mg/g at pH of 5.45. The Cd(II) adsorption on raw APT and MAP/APT could be well fitted by Freundlich isotherm and Langmuir isotherm, respectively...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Deborah J Eaves, Tamanna Haque, Richard L Tudor, Yoshimi Barron, Cleidiane G Zampronio, Nicholas P J Cotton, Barend H J de Graaf, Scott A White, Helen J Cooper, F Christopher H Franklin, Jeffrey F Harper, Vernonica E Franklin-Tong
Protein phosphorylation regulates numerous cellular processes. Identifying the substrates and protein kinases involved is vital to understand how these important post-translational modifications modulate biological function in eukaryotic cells. Pyrophosphatases catalyse the hydrolysis of PPi to Pi, driving biosynthetic reactions; they are essential for low cytosolic PPi. It was recently suggested that post-translational regulation of Family I soluble inorganic pyrophosphatases (sPPases) may affect their activity...
January 26, 2017: Plant Physiology
Quan Quan, Jinwen Feng, Leong-Ting Lui, Tieliu Shi, Ivan K Chu
A fully automated online multidimensional liquid chromatography (MDLC) platform featuring high-/low-pH reversed-phase (RP) dimensions and two other complementary-strong anion exchange (SAX) and strong cation exchange (SCX), respectively-chromatographic separations in tandem, with conventional offline titanium dioxide pre-enrichment, has been applied for the first global phosphopeptide identification from the macaque cerebral cortex in the presence of phosphatase inhibitors. Phosphorylation data interpretation, including site determination, and network construction have been performed: 14,338 distinct phosphopeptides in 7572 non-redundant phosphosites at 1% FDR were identified with 784 novel phosphorylation sites when mapping into the two most-curated public phosphorylation databases, PhosphoSitePlus (PSP) and Phospho...
January 22, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Anne W de Valença, Steven J Vanek, Katherin Meza, Raul Ccanto, Edgar Olivera, Maria Scurrah, Egbert A Lantinga, Steven J Fonte
Land use change and intensification in agricultural landscapes of the Andean highlands have resulted in widespread soil degradation and a loss in soil-based ecosystem services and biodiversity. This trend threatens the sustainability of farming communities in the Andes, with important implications for food security and biodiversity conservation throughout the region. Based on these challenges we sought to understand the impact of current and future land use practices on soil fertility and biodiversity, so as to inform landscape planning and management decisions for sustainable agroecosystem management...
January 24, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Igor Bogunovic, Paulo Pereira, Eric C Brevik
Soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC), organic matter (OM), available phosphorus (AP), and potassium (AK) are some of the most important indicators of soil fertility. These soil parameters are highly variable in space and time, especially in agricultural areas, with implications for crop production. The aim of this work was to study the spatial variability of pH, EC, OM, AP and AK using kriging and co-kriging methods in the Rasa River Valley (Croatia). As co-variates for each variable we considered the distance from the sea (DFS), distance from the river channels (DFC), pH, EC, OM, AP and AK...
January 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Blanchefort A Djimsa, Anupam Abraham, Gretchen G Mafi, Deborah L VanOverbeke, Ranjith Ramanathan
Premature browning is a condition wherein ground beef exhibits a well-done appearance before reaching the USDA recommended internal cooked meat temperature of 71.1 °C; however, the mechanism is unclear. The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the effects of packaging and temperature on metmyoglobin reducing activity (MRA) of cooked ground beef patties and (2) to assess the effects of temperature and pH on thermal stability of NADH-dependent reductase, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and oxymyoglobin (OxyMb) in-vitro...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Food Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"