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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607842/a-clinicoradiographic-comparison-of-the-effects-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-gel-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-membrane-as-scaffolds-in-the-apexification-treatment-of-young-permanent-teeth
#1
Madhu Santhakumar, Shivsankar Yayathi, N Retnakumari
Aims: This triple blinded clinical trial was undertaken to check whether Platelet rich firin in its membrane form is as reliable as when it is in the gel form. Settings and Design: Triple blinded randomized clinical trial. Methods and Material: 20 patients in PRF gel group and 20 patients in PRF membrane group selected after randomization and considering inclusion and exclusion criteria were taken up for this study. The samples were clinically and radiographically evaluated for success...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563360/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-for-intruded-teeth-with-incomplete-apex-formation
#2
Caroline T S Oliveira, Fredson M A de Carvalho, Leonardo C O Gonçalves, Jessyca M N de Souza, Lucas F R Garcia, André A F Marques, Samir N de Souza
The axial displacement of a tooth within the alveolar bone is called traumatic intrusive luxation. The treatment of immature permanent teeth with incomplete root formation is a challenging procedure, as the prognosis is uncertain. The objective of the present article is to report the successful treatment of traumatic intrusive luxation in teeth with incomplete root formation, where mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used as an apical plug to induce apexification. A 10-year-old boy was referred to our department for emergency treatment of dentoalveolar trauma to the maxillary central incisors...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435208/reasonable-outcome-of-avulsed-permanent-upper-incisor-after-seven-years-follow-up-period-a-case-report
#3
Egle Bendoraitiene, Sandra Zemgulyte, Marija Borisovaite
Background: Avulsion of the permanent teeth is one of the most serious oral health problems among active children and adolescents. Traumatized patients require immediate and correct treatment in order to restore damaged structures and function that have major impact on daily patient's life. As a result, proper guidelines and fast treatment methods are necessary. This case report discusses treatment of maxillary right central incisor with an open apex that had been avulsed and replanted...
October 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380612/analysis-of-clinical-studies-related-to-apexification-techniques
#4
A Agrafioti, D G Giannakoulas, C G Filippatos, E G Kontakiotis
AIM: The aim of this study was to gather all the clinical studies regarding apexification and artificial apical barrier techniques, point out the possible differences of the clinical procedures and investigate how these are changing over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was carried out in PubMed, covering the period from March 1968 to July 2015. More articles were retrieved by hand-searching or by the reference section of the included articles. Specific criteria were set in order to determine the relevance of each study...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335888/root-lengthening-with-apical-closure-in-two-maxillary-immature-permanent-central-incisors-after-placement-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-mta-as-an-apical-plug
#5
F Masmoudi, I Bourmeche, A Sebai, Z Baccouche, F Maatouk
BACKGROUND: Necrosis of permanent immature teeth is a common reason for consultation in paediatric dentistry. Apexification is a therapeutic procedure aiming to create an apical calcified barrier in open apex teeth. CASE REPORT: Two cases are presented in which apexification were completed on immature permanent traumatised incisors using a mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) plug. FOLLOW-UP: At 2 and 5 years showed apical closure and radicular elongation beyond the MTA plug...
February 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330841/delayed-replantation-of-an-avulsed-immature-permanent-incisor-and-apexification-using-a-novel-fast-setting-calcium-silicate-cement-containing-fluoride-a-3-year-follow-up-case-report
#6
A Vafaei, B Ranjkesh, L Erfanparast, H Løvschall
BACKGROUND: Traumatic tooth avulsion requires an urgent intervention to replant the tooth. Prolonged post-injury dry extra-oral conditions worsen the prognosis and increase the risk of root resorption. Fluoride has the potential to delay replacement resorption. Calcium silicate cements (CSC) are used to seal the root canal system and to stimulate periapical regeneration in immature open apex teeth (apexification). This report suggests the application of a novel fast-setting CSC with fluoride for apexification in an attempt to hinder root resorption...
April 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301094/induced-post-traumatic-apexification-20-year-follow-up-and-morphological-study-after-new-fracture
#7
Federica Fonzar, Leopoldo Forner, Riccardo Fabian-Fonzar, Carmen Llena
Apexification is an endodontic technique used in immature necrotic teeth, the primary goal of which is to induce a calcified barrier in roots with open apices and to promote the continuation of apical root development. A 7-year-old patient with a coronal fracture in a maxillary central incisor was treated with an apexification technique using calcium hydroxide. The apical closure was obtained after one year, then a permanent root canal filling was performed. The tooth was monitored for a period of 20 years, up to when a trauma caused its extraction...
March 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275851/biocompatibility-and-osteogenic-calcification-potential-of-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-fluoride
#8
Alaa E Dawood, David J Manton, Peter Parashos, Rebecca H Wong, William Singleton, James A Holden, Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Eric C Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and CPP-ACP with fluoride (CPP-ACFP) have been shown to provide bioavailable ions to promote mineralization. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the materials' biocompatibility and osteogenic/calcification potential for endodontic applications. METHODS: Human and mouse osteoblast-like and fibroblast-like cell lines were incubated with 0.05%-3.0% w/v CPP-ACP and CPP-ACFP, and toxicity, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase, interleukin (IL)-1α, and IL-6 production, collagen type I, osteocalcin, and osteopontin production, and mineralization/calcification were determined...
March 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225655/non-surgical-endodontic-management-of-type-ii-dens-invaginatus-with-closed-and-open-apex
#9
Hugo Plascencia, Mariana Díaz, Bertram Ivan Moldauer, Mario Uribe, Eddy Skidmore
Dens invaginatus (DI) is a developmental anomaly that poses a significant challenge to the clinician if endodontic treatment is required. The type II (as per Oehlers) form exhibits complex internal anatomy and is frequently associated with incomplete root and apex formation. The purpose of this study is to present two cases of type II DI in the maxillary lateral incisors. In the first case, non-surgical endodontic therapy was performed utilizing calcium hydroxide as an intracanal dressing, showing significant periapical healing of the apical radiolucent area at the six month follow-up...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167715/quality-of-the-calcium-enriched-mixture-apical-plug-in-simulated-apexification-model-effect-of-different-mixing-and-placement-methods
#10
Saeed Rahimi, Negin Ghasemi, Tahmineh Razi, Akbar Rezaiepour
Background: Presence of voids at root canal wall‒apical seal material interface gives rise to the entrapment of toxins and microorganisms, which might have a relationship with post treatment disease. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different mixing (manual and ultrasonic) and placement (manual and manual in association with indirect ultrasonic) methods of Calcium-enriched Mixture (CEM) cement on the number and dimensions of voids in the apical plug in simulated apexification models...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153732/reinforcement-of-simulated-immature-permanent-teeth-after-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-apexification
#11
Pairoj Linsuwanont, Sirinya Kulvitit, Busayarat Santiwong
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare the fracture resistance of simulated human immature teeth that have undergone mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apexification and have been root-filled with fiber post, composite resin, MTA, or gutta-percha. METHODS: Fifty-six human permanent maxillary incisors were selected. Ten teeth received no treatment (intact teeth group). The root canals of 46 teeth were prepared to an internal diameter of 1.75 mm. Six teeth were used as simulated immature teeth group...
January 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098250/-study-on-clinical-efficacy-and-patients-satisfaction-of-mta-apical-barrier-technique-in-treatment-of-young-permanent-teeth-with-periapical-inflammation
#12
Yuan-Lin Zuo, Chao-Hui Li, Wan-Jie Liu
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical efficacy of MTA apical barrier technique and Vitapex apexification in treatment of young permanent teeth with periapical inflammation, and to evaluate the satisfaction of patients. METHODS: Seventy-five cases of young permanent teeth with periapical inflammation were randomly divided into control group (n=37) and experimental group (n=38). Patients in the control group were treated with Vitapex apexification, while patients in the experimental group were treated with MTA apical barrier technique...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079056/large-periapical-or-cystic-lesions-in-association-with-roots-having-open-apices-managed-nonsurgically-using-1-step-apexification-based-on-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-and-biodentine-apical-barrier-a-case-series
#13
Sarang Sharma, Vivek Sharma, Deepak Passi, Dhirendra Srivastava, Shibani Grover, Shubha Ranjan Dutta
Teeth having open apices in the absence of a natural apical constriction pose several challenges during conventional endodontic treatment, especially when establishing an apical seal. Treatment is further challenging when these teeth are associated with large periapical or cystic lesions having resulted in expansion and/or thinning of adjacent cortical plates. Although surgical intervention is commonly adopted in the management of such cases, a conservative treatment option offering equally good prognosis is always desirable...
January 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075537/pulpo-periodontal-regeneration-management-of-partial-failure-revascularization
#14
Said Dhaimy, Sara Dhoum, Hind Amarir, Hafsa El Merini, Sellama Nadifi, Amal El Ouazzani
The aim of this work is to present a case of management of an open apex on a lower molar by using tissue engineering, with two endodontic procedures in the same tooth. We had to resort to pulp regeneration on the distal root and apexification with MTA on the mesial roots after the failure of regenerative therapy on those ones. The management consisted in scheduling regular follow-ups combined with X-rays. After 24 months, the radiological control has shown pulpo-periodontal regeneration associated with walls thickening and distal root elongation and periapical ad integrum healing...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026696/the-effect-of-chlorhexidine-mixed-with-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-on-bacterial-leakage-of-apical-plug-in-simulated-immature-teeth-using-human-fresh-saliva
#15
Gholamhossein Ramezani, Sohrab Tour Savadkouhi, Sahar Sayahpour
OBJECTIVES: Apexification is a challenging treatment in necrotic open apices teeth and bacterial leakage is the main reason for the treatment failure. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of mixing mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with chlorhexidine (CHX) on microbial leakage in apexification treatment of simulated immature teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, 44 intact central incisors were selected based on inclusion criteria. The coronal and 2 mm of apical part of the specimens were removed till all root segments were 12 mm long...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019553/biodentinetm-is-cytocompatible-with-human-primary-osteoblasts
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Miriam Zaccaro Scelza, Joyce Costa Nascimento, Licinio Esmeraldo da Silva, Vinícius Shott Gameiro, Gustavo DE Deus, Gutemberg Alves
Calcium silicate-based materials have been widely studied due to their resemblance to, and similar applicability of, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Among these, Biodentine™ (BD) was specifically designed as a "dentin replacement" material for applications such as root perforations, apexification, treatment of resorptive lesions, and as a retrograde filling material. The present study aimed to assess the in vitro response of human primary osteoblasts to BD using MTA AngelusTM as a reference material, by simultaneously analyzing three different cell viability parameters, namely mitochondrial activity, membrane integrity, and cell density...
September 28, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864219/regenerative-endodontics-versus-apexification-in-immature-permanent-teeth-with-apical-periodontitis-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Jiacheng Lin, Qian Zeng, Xi Wei, Wei Zhao, Minyi Cui, Jing Gu, Jiaxuan Lu, Maobin Yang, Junqi Ling
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of regenerative endodontic treatment (RET) and apexification on immature permanent teeth with pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 118 patients (118 teeth) were recruited and randomly assigned to either RET or apexification treatment. Each treatment group was divided into 2 subgroups according to the etiology: dens evaginatus or trauma. Clinical symptoms and complications were recorded, and cone-beam computed tomographic imaging with a limited field of view was used to measure the change of root length, root thickness, and apical foramen size at the 12-month follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855759/effect-of-obturating-materials-on-fracture-resistance-of-simulated-immature-teeth
#18
Karri Girish, Jyothi Mandava, R Ravi Chandra, K Ravikumar, Anupreeta Anwarullah, Mounika Athaluri
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth, when the root canals were completely filled either with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or Biodentine, comparing with that of roots filled with apexification procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty mandibular premolar teeth with single, straight canals decoronated at cementoenamel junction were divided into five groups (n = 12 each). Group 1 samples served as negative control and remaining four groups root samples were shaped and cleaned using ProTaper rotary files...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846134/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-other-bioactive-endodontic-cements-an-updated-overview-part-ii-other-clinical-applications-and-complications
#19
REVIEW
M Torabinejad, M Parirokh, P M H Dummer
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a dental material used extensively for vital pulp therapies (VPT), protecting scaffolds during regenerative endodontic procedures, apical barriers in teeth with necrotic pulps and open apices, perforation repairs as well as root canal filling and root-end filling during surgical endodontics. A number of bioactive endodontic cements (BECs) have recently been introduced to the market. Most of these materials have calcium and silicate in their compositions; however, bioactivity is a common property of these cements...
March 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840043/revascularization-in-immature-permanent-teeth-with-necrotic-pulp-and-apical-pathology-case-series
#20
López Carmen, Mendoza Asunción, Solano Beatriz, Yáñez-Vico Rosa
INTRODUCTION: To present and discuss the results of five clinical cases treated using the revascularization protocol, showing clinical and radiographic monitoring. Necrotic immature teeth with periapical pathology present a challenge to dentists because the techniques used in apexification leave the tooth susceptible to fracture, since the root does not continue to grow in length and the canal walls are thin. Revascularization has emerged as an alternative to resolve these deficiencies, enabling apical closure, continued development of the roots, and thickening of the dentinal walls...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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