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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#2
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449054/i-learn-therefore-i-am-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-meanings-of-lifelong-learning-for-vulnerable-older-adults
#3
Miya Narushima, Jian Liu, Naomi Diestelkamp
Background and Objectives: This study explores the lifelong learning experience of vulnerable older adults to find out (a) what is involved in their activities, (b) what meanings they take from their learning, and (c) how participation in a learning program helps to maintain their well-being and independent living despite their daily challenges. Research Design and Methods: This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. As part of a larger study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with older learners enrolled in general interest courses at a public continuing education program...
April 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448248/the-relationship-between-stressors-and-mental-health-among-japanese-middle-aged-women-in-urban-areas
#4
Junko Suzuki, Fumi Takeda, Kaori Kishi, Takafumi Monma
In middle age, some people may become mentally or emotionally unstable. Additionally, in Japan, mood disorders, such as depressive symptoms, occur mostly among middle-aged women (i.e., aged 40-49 years). However, few studies have examined stressors related to mental health (a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community). In the present research, we developed a stressor scale for middle-aged women (SSMW) and examined stressors correlated with middle-aged women's mental health...
April 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447915/enhancing-the-career-planning-self-determination-of-young-adults-with-mental-health-challenges
#5
Jo-Ann Sowers, Paul Swank
The impact of an intervention on the self-determination and career planning engagement of young adults with mental health challenges was studied. Sixty-seven young adults, 20 to 30 years of age, with mental health diagnoses (e.g., depression, bipolar disorder) were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. Statistically significant greater increases were made by the intervention group versus the control group for self-determination and career planning engagement, and self-determination at least partially mediated increases in career planning engagement...
April 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447467/perinatal-and-infant-mental-health-in-australia-moving-forward-towards-real-prevention-and-early-intervention-can-we-do-it
#6
Anne E Sved Williams
OBJECTIVES: Australia has been at the forefront of appropriate early intervention. Prevention of mental illness in infants by early identification and intervention in the mental health of their mothers has stalled since the cessation of funding through the National Perinatal Depression Initiative (NPDI, 2009-2015). Whilst screening for maternal mental illness has been widely implemented throughout Australia during the last two decades, services are now diminishing and great opportunities to ride the crest of a wave for appropriate mental illness intervention are receding...
April 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447296/addressing-the-needs-of-children-and-youth-in-the-context-of-war-and-terrorism-the-technological-frontier
#7
REVIEW
Leia Y Saltzman, Levi Solomyak, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk
This paper reviews recent literature on the mental health needs of youth in the context of war and terrorism. A human rights lens is used to explore issues of accessibility and sustainability in service utilization during times of crisis. The authors present the evolution of services over the last several decades, progressing through individual, school-based, and community-wide interventions by exploring models that focus on symptom reduction and building resilience. This paper highlights the benefits and limitations of traditional intervention methods and proposes a new frontier of intervention development and research...
June 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445215/promoting-learning-and-patient-care-through-shared-reflection-a-conceptual-framework-for-team-reflexivity-in-health-care
#8
Jan B Schmutz, Walter J Eppich
Health care teams are groups of highly skilled experts who may often form inexpert teams because of a lack of collective competence. Because teamwork and collaboration form the foundation of effective clinical practice, factors that promote collective competence demand exploration. The authors review team reflexivity (TR), a concept from psychology and management literatures, and how it could contribute to the collective competence of health care teams. TR captures a team's ability to reflect collectively on group objectives, strategies, goals, processes, and outcomes of past, current, and future performance to process key information and adapt accordingly...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445171/identification-of-depressive-signs-in-patients-and-their-family-members-during-ipad-based-audiovisual-sessions
#9
Carol E Smith, Marilyn Werkowitch, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Eve-Lynn Nelson
Home parenteral nutrition requires a daily life-sustaining intravenous infusion over 12 hours. The daily intravenous infusion home care procedures are stringent, time-consuming tasks for patients and family caregivers who often experience depression. The purposes of this study were (1) to assess home parenteral nutrition patients and caregivers for depression and (2) to assess whether depressive signs can be seen during audiovisual discussion sessions using an Apple iPad Mini. In a clinical trial (N = 126), a subsample of 21 participants (16...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444519/intention-to-enact-and-enactment-of-gatekeeper-behaviors-for-suicide-prevention-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#10
Shane T W Kuhlman, Susan E Walch, Kristina N Bauer, April D Glenn
Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention was evaluated on a college campus to examine the impact of training on gatekeeper enactment of behaviors in support of suicide prevention and identify predictors of enactment of gatekeeper behaviors. Trained gatekeepers (N = 216) displayed greater perceived knowledge and self-efficacy for suicide prevention and reported higher rates of self-reported actual gatekeeper behaviors, including inquiring about suicidal ideation and referring for mental health treatment when they encountered someone in distress, compared to their untrained counterparts (N = 169)...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443027/personalized-medication-response-prediction-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-learning-in-the-model-space-vs-learning-in-the-data-space
#11
Hin K Wong, Paul A Tiffin, Michael J Chappell, Thomas E Nichols, Patrick R Welsh, Orla M Doyle, Boryana C Lopez-Kolkovska, Sarah K Inglis, David Coghill, Yuan Shen, Peter Tiño
Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental health disorders amongst school-aged children with an estimated prevalence of 5% in the global population (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Stimulants, particularly methylphenidate (MPH), are the first-line option in the treatment of ADHD (Reeves and Schweitzer, 2004; Dopheide and Pliszka, 2009) and are prescribed to an increasing number of children and adolescents in the US and the UK every year (Safer et al., 1996; McCarthy et al...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441901/patient-emergency-assessment-following-deliberate-self-poisoning-with-benzodiazepines-can-cognitive-markers-predict-recall-of-the-psychiatric-interview-a-pilot-study
#12
J Salles, J Pariente, C Dimeglio, P Gandia, B Lemesle, A Giron, N Franchitto, L Schmitt, E Very
STUDY HYPOTHESIS: In cases of deliberate self-poisoning (DSP), patients often ingest benzodiazepines (BZDs), known to alter memory. Experts recommend recovery of the patient's cognitive capacity before psychiatric assessment. Unfortunately, there is no validated tool in common practice to assess whether sufficient cognitive recovery has occurred after DSP with BZDs to ensure patient memory of the assessment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify cognitive functions and markers which predict preserved memory of the mental health care plan proposed at the emergency department after DSP...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441333/how-are-service-dogs-for-adults-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-integrated-with-rehabilitation-in-denmark-a-case-study
#13
Chalotte Glintborg, Tia G B Hansen
A severe mental illness like Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is known to have psychosocial consequences that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Research in Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) has revealed that the presence of a dog can have a positive effect on health, e.g., increase quality of life and lessen depression and anxiety. However, canine companionship is not a catch-all solution. Previous research has revealed methodological limitations that prohibit any clear conclusions, as well as a sparsity of critical reflection in anecdotal reports and case studies, which means that more research is needed to contextualize the findings...
April 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440861/findings-from-the-families-on-track-intervention-pilot-trial-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-and-their-families
#14
Christie L M Petrenko, Mary E Pandolfino, Luther K Robinson
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are at high risk for costly, debilitating mental health problems and secondary conditions, such as school disruption, trouble with the law, and substance use. The study objective was to pilot a multi-component intervention designed to prevent secondary conditions in children with FASD and improve family adaptation. METHODS: Thirty children with FASD or prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) (ages 4 to 8) and their primary caregivers were enrolled...
April 25, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#15
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440047/mental-illness-in-bariatric-surgery-a-cohort-study-from-the-portal-network
#16
David Fisher, Karen J Coleman, David E Arterburn, Heidi Fischer, Ayae Yamamoto, Deborah R Young, Nancy E Sherwood, Connie Mah Trinacty, Kristina H Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To compare bariatric surgery outcomes according to preoperative mental illness category. METHODS: Electronic health record data from several US healthcare systems were used to compare outcomes of four groups of patients who underwent bariatric surgery in 2012 and 2013. These included the following: people with (1) no mental illness, (2) mild-to-moderate depression or anxiety, (3) severe depression or anxiety, and (4) bipolar, psychosis, or schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
May 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439788/therapist-and-organizational-factors-associated-with-participation-in-evidence-based-practice-initiatives-in-a-large-urban-publicly-funded-mental-health-system
#17
Laura C Skriner, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Rebecca E Stewart, Danielle R Adams, Ronnie M Rubin, Arthur C Evans, Rinad S Beidas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#18
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438276/integrating-yoga-into-psychotherapy-the-ethics-of-moving-from-the-mind-to-the-mat
#19
Jaclyn M Kamradt
Given the rise in attention to client preferences in medical treatment and the shift in focus toward health promotion, it is not surprising that the use of complementary health approaches have increased in the past several years. Yoga is among the most prominent complementary health approaches. Recently, both qualitative and quantitative work has emerged supporting its use for a variety of medical and psychological disorders. However, there is a critical gap in knowledge regarding how to most optimally and ethically integrate complementary therapies (i...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438245/bullying-and-the-detrimental-role-of-un-forgiveness-in-adolescents-wellbeing
#20
Barbara Barcaccia, Barry Howard Schneider, Susanna Pallini, Roberto Baiocco
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that victimisation by bullies is linked with psychopathology. Research has also demonstrated that forgiveness is associated with the mental health of victims of bullying. METHOD: Our objective was to explore the multiple components of forgiveness (i.e., benevolence, decreased avoidance of the perpetrator and diminished desire for revenge) as mediators of the negative mental health effects of bullying in Italian adolescents. Our hypothesis was that those who forgive their bullies would show lower levels of depression, state anger, and behaviour problems than those who did not forgive...
May 2017: Psicothema
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