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Shoulder anatomy and pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808982/radial-head-prosthesis-results-overview
#1
E Carità, A Donadelli, L Cugola, P Perazzini
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Radial head replacement is frequently used in treatment of radial head fractures or sequela. Impossibility to restore a correct anatomy, acute elbow traumatic instability and failure of osteosynthesis hardware are the most common indications. The authors describe their case studies and results on the implantation of various radial head prostheses. MATERIALS: Between June 2005 and June 2016, 28 radial head prostheses were implanted in the same number of patients with an average follow-up of 49 months (6-104)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782076/shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-osteo-chondrodysplasias
#2
Bradley Schoch, Jean-David Werthel, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield, Mark Morrey
PURPOSE: Osteo-chondrodysplasias are a rare cause of limb malalignment, deformity and degenerative joint disease. Earlier in life, deformities may be managed with bony realignment and soft tissue releases; however, as degenerative changes progress, arthroplasty may be considered. There are limited reports examining shoulder arthroplasty in this population. This study aims to assess pain relief, function, and re-operation rate of shoulder arthroplasty in patients with osteo-chondrodysplasias...
August 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#3
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658878/role-of-mri-in-a-series-of-cases-with-biceps-injuries-of-the-shoulder
#4
Abhishek Dwivedi, P K Dhagat, S N Singh, Shalini Singh, Narender Yadav
Dislocation and injury of the biceps is associated with acute and chronic trauma, degenerative changes, repetitive microtrauma, or injuries associated with recurrent and neglected cases of shoulder dislocation. The cases of displaced biceps injuries are relatively rare (only 1/6(th) of all rotator cuff injuries). The dislocation of biceps is manifested with pain and restriction of movements. The X-ray shoulder is not of much help in this condition barring for ruling out the fractures of humerus and scapula...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641732/rehabilitation-of-symptomatic-atraumatic-degenerative-rotator-cuff-tears-a-clinical-commentary-on-assessment-and-management
#5
Sarah Bleichert, Genevieve Renaud, Joy MacDermid, Lyn Watson, Ken Faber, Ross Lenssen, Marie Saulnier, Paul Phillips, Tyler Evans, Jackie Sadi
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical Commentary. INTRODUCTION: Atraumatic rotator cuff (RC) disease, is one of the most common cause of shoulder pain, which encompasses a continuum from tendinopathy to full thickness cuff tears. Extrinsic, intrinsic and environmental factors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of this disorder, affecting the clinical presentation of symptoms including pain and irritability. Successful rehabilitation of symptomatic atraumatic degenerative rotator cuff (SADRC) tears must address the underlying mechanisms causing dysfunction and correct modifiable factors...
April 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508008/the-coracoacromial-ligament-anatomy-function-and-clinical-significance
#6
Adam Rothenberg, Gregory Gasbarro, Jesse Chlebeck, Albert Lin
The coracoacromial ligament (CAL) was first described as a pain generator by Dr Charles Neer in the early 1970s. Since that time, considerable controversy regarding CAL management during acromioplasty has persisted. This review aims to better understand the role of the CAL in shoulder physiology and pathology. Sixty-six articles from 1958 to 2016 were identified using an electronic search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, AccessMedicine, and MD Consult for case series as well as cohort and prospective studies. The authors used "coracoacromial ligament" and "coracoacromial veil" as medical subject headings (MeSH)...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427870/all-endoscopic-brachial-plexus-complete-neurolysis-for-idiopathic-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-a-prospective-case-series
#7
Thibault Lafosse, Malo Le Hanneur, Laurent Lafosse
PURPOSE: To describe an all-endoscopic technique for infra- and supraclavicular brachial plexus (BP) neurolysis and to assess its functional outcomes for patients suffering from nonspecific neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). METHODS: Between January 2010 and January 2013, 36 patients presenting an idiopathic nonspecific NTOS benefited from an endoscopic decompression in our institution. The inclusion criteria were a typical clinical NTOS and failure of a 6-month well-conducted nonsurgical treatment...
August 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400882/suprascapular-nerve-pathology-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Lazaros Kostretzis, Ioannis Theodoroudis, Achilleas Boutsiadis, Nikolaos Papadakis, Pericles Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve pathology is a rare diagnosis that is increasingly gaining popularity among the conditions that cause shoulder pain and dysfunction. The suprascapular nerve passes through several osseoligamentous structures and can be compressed in several locations. METHODS: A thorough literature search was performed using online available databases in order to carefully define the pathophysiology and to guide diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: Suprascapular neuropathy diagnosis is based on a careful history and a thorough clinical and radiological examination...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400877/latissimus-dorsi-transfer-in-posterior-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears
#9
REVIEW
Panagiotis P Anastasopoulos, George Alexiadis, Sarantis Spyridonos, Emmanouil Fandridis
BACKGROUND: Massive rotator cuff tears pose a difficult and complex challenge even for the experienced surgeon; inability to repair these tears by conventional means designates them as irreparable, while management becomes quite taxing. Several operative options have been suggested for the management of such lesions with varying degrees of success, while it is imperative to match patient demands and expectations to the predicted outcome. METHODS: Research articles are examined and key concepts are discussed, in order to provide an evidence based review of the available literature...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900709/double-locking-precontoured-plating-system-for-malunited-fractures-of-the-distal-end-of-humerus
#10
L Tarallo, R Mugnai, M Rocchi, C Rovesta, F Catani
BACKGROUND: Distal humeral malunions are uncommon injuries, often associated with limited elbow motion, pain, instability, weakness, and sometimes ulnar neuritis. The complex anatomy of the elbow joint makes this condition one of the most complex elbow injuries to treat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients were treated by the same surgeon between 2011 and 2013 using a double-locking precontoured plating system for malunited intra-articular or extra-articular fractures of the distal end of the humerus...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776006/arthroscopic-assisted-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-reconstruction-for-chronic-acromioclavicular-dislocations-surgical-technique
#11
Achilleas Boutsiadis, Laurent Baverel, Hubert Lenoir, Philippe Delsol, Johannes Barth
Chronic acromioclavicular (AC) instability is a rare posttraumatic shoulder condition that can lead to undesirable symptoms like persistent pain, muscle fatigue, loss of strength, or even scapular dyskinesis. It is well known that in these cases the superior functional results depend on the restoration of the anatomy and stability of the AC joint in both vertical and horizontal planes. Considering the ligaments degeneration and atrophy in chronic AC joint dislocations, we present an arthroscopic-assisted reconstruction of both the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments using autograft augmentation...
December 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726738/comprehensive-shoulder-us-examination-a-standardized-approach-with-multimodality-correlation-for-common-shoulder-disease
#12
Matthew H Lee, Scott E Sheehan, John F Orwin, Kenneth S Lee
Shoulder pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions encountered in primary care and specialty orthopedic clinic settings. Although magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is typically the modality of choice for evaluating the soft-tissue structures of the shoulder, ultrasonography (US) is becoming an important complementary imaging tool in the evaluation of superficial soft-tissue structures such as the rotator cuff, subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and biceps tendon. The advantages of US driving its recent increased use include low cost, accessibility, and capability for real-time high-resolution imaging that enables dynamic assessment and needle guidance...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645218/shoulder-acromioclavicular-joint-reconstruction-options-and-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Simon Lee, Asheesh Bedi
Acromioclavicular joint separations are a common cause of shoulder pain in the young athletic population. In high-grade injuries, acromioclavicular joint reconstruction procedures may be indicated for functional improvement. There is currently no gold standard for the surgical management of these injuries. Multiple reconstructive options exist, including coracoclavicular screws, hook plates, endobutton coracoclavicular fixations, and anatomic ligament reconstructions with tendon grafts. This article aims to review pertinent acromioclavicular joint anatomy and biomechanics, radiographic evaluation, classification system, as well as reconstruction options, outcomes, and complications...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599831/outcomes-following-long-head-of-biceps-tendon-tenodesis
#14
REVIEW
Saad M AlQahtani, Ryan T Bicknell
Lesions of the proximal long head of the biceps tendon (LHB) have been considered as a major cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction. The role of the LHB in causing pain has been a source of controversy for many years, and extensive literature is available discussing anatomy, function, pathology, and most importantly appropriate treatment. Despite this, there is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the management of biceps-related pathology. Biceps tenotomy and tenodesis are common surgical treatment options when dealing with LHB-related pathology...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591101/an-acute-cervical-subdural-hematoma-as-the-complication-of-acupuncture-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Keyvan Eghbal, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand
BACKGROUND: Several injuries in the cervical region as complications of acupuncture have been previously reported in the literature, including cord and medulla oblongata injuries, subdural empyema, and cervical hematoma. Spinal cord subdural hematoma is a rare condition mainly associated with coagulopathy, trauma, and iatrogenic procedures. We herein report an acute cervical subdural hematoma after cervical acupuncture for neck and shoulder pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 74-year-old woman presented with progressive quadriparesis and sensory deficit after receiving acupuncture in the neck and shoulder...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468666/ultrasound-guided-interventional-procedures-about-the-shoulder-anatomy-indications-and-techniques
#16
REVIEW
Adam M Pourcho, Sean W Colio, Mederic M Hall
Chronic and acute shoulder pain and dysfunction are common complaints among patients. Shoulder pain may be the result of abnormality involving the rotator cuff, subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, biceps tendon, glenoid labrum, glenohumeral joint, acromioclavicular joint, sternoclavicular joint, or glenohumeral joint capsule. Ultrasound-guided (USG) procedures of the shoulder are well established for interventional management. Ultrasound provides the advantages of excellent soft tissue resolution, injection accuracy, low cost, accessibility, portability, lack of ionizing radiation, and the ability to perform real-time image-guided procedures...
August 2016: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190785/morphometric-study-of-clavicular-facet-of-coracoclavicular-joint-in-adult-indian-population
#17
Sushant Swaroop Das, Anita Mahajan, Neelam Vasudeva
INTRODUCTION: Anthropologists have used Coracoclavicular Joint (CCJ), a non-metric anatomical variant in population, as a marker for population migration from prehistoric times to present. AIM: The aim of this osteological study was to determine the incidence and morphometry of articular facet of CCJ on conoid tubercle of clavicle in Indian population, as Indian studies are scanty and incomplete. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was done on 144 adult human clavicles (76 right and 68 left; 93 males and 51 females) collected from osteology museum in Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049186/biomechanics-of-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-%C3%A2-current-concepts
#18
Adam J Lorenzetti, Geoffrey P Stone, Peter Simon, Mark A Frankle
The evolution of reverse shoulder arthroplasty has provided surgeons with new solutions for many complex shoulder problems. A primary goal of orthopaedics is the restoration or re-creation of functional anatomy to reduce pain and improve function, which can be accomplished by either repairing injured structures or replacing them as anatomically as possible. If reconstructible tissue is lacking or not available, which is seen in patients who have complex shoulder conditions such as an irreparable rotator cuff-deficient shoulder, cuff tear arthropathy, or severe glenoid bone loss, substantial problems may arise...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038313/the-efficacy-of-open-partial-aponeurectomy-for-recurrent-dupuytren-s-contracture
#19
Christian K Spies, Peter Hahn, Lars P Müller, Steffen Löw, Richard M Sellei, Johannes Oppermann
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the efficacy of open partial aponeurectomy for recurrent Dupuytren's contracture. METHODS: Eighteen patients with recurrent Dupuytren's contracture of 22 fingers were retrospectively assessed with a mean follow-up time of 94 months (range: 70-114 months). Examination parameters included the determination of range of motion (ROM), grip strength, pain and subjective outcome (disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire)...
June 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980987/surgical-options-for-the-young-patient-with-glenohumeral-arthritis
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan D Barlow, Joseph Abboud
Young patients with glenohumeral arthritis are an ongoing treatment challenge. They typically have high demands of their shoulders, require long-term durability due to their young age, and often have altered local anatomy, through their disease process (instability arthropathy, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, etc.) or from previous surgery (capsulorraphy arthropathy, chondrolysis, etc.). Workup to evaluate underlying causes of early arthritis, and to exclude infectious causes are necessary. When nonoperative management fails, arthroscopic debridement, hemiarthroplasty (isolated, with glenoid reaming, or with biological interposition), and total shoulder arthroplasty are treatment options available to the treating surgeon...
January 2016: International Journal of Shoulder Surgery
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