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Shoulder anatomy and pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137087/isolated-tear-of-the-cord-like-middle-glenohumeral-ligament-in-buford-complex-a-case-report
#1
Byung-Ill Lee, Yong Beom Kim, Sung Hun Won, Shu Chiang Hwang, Sung-Woo Choi, Jae-Hwi Nho, Dong-Il Chun
RATIONALE: We describe a rare case of the isolated tear in the cord-like middle glenohumeral ligament (MGHL) in Buford complex. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature about the isolated tear of cord-like MGHL in Buford complex. The present report describes in detail our experience with the diagnosis of isolated tear of the cord-like MGHL in Buford complex and management. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 50-year-old female patient visited our hospital with pain and stiffness in the right shoulder that lasted for 9 months...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114336/physical-exam-and-evaluation-of-the-unstable-shoulder
#2
María Valencia Mora, Miguel Ángel Ruiz Ibán, Jorge Diaz Heredia, Juan Carlos Gutiérrez-Gómez, Raquel Ruiz Diaz, Mikel Aramberri, Carlos Cobiella
Background: The clinical evaluation of the patient with shoulder instability can be challenging. The pathological spectrum ranges from the straightforward "recurrent anterior dislocation" patient to the overhead athlete with a painful shoulder but not clear instability episodes. Advances in shoulder arthroscopy and imaging have helped in understanding the anatomy and physiopathology of the symptoms. The aim of this general article is to summarize the main examination manoeuvres that could be included in an overall approach to a patient with a suspicion of instability...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979603/controversies-in-the-surgical-management-of-shoulder-instability-associated-soft-tissue-procedures
#3
Santos Moros Marco, José Luis Ávila Lafuente, Miguel Angel Ruiz Ibán, Jorge Diaz Heredia
BACKGROUND: The glenohumeral joint is a ball-and-socket joint that is inherently unstable and thus, susceptible to dislocation. The traditional and most common anatomic finding is the Bankart lesion (anterior-inferior capsule labral complex avulsion), but there is a wide variety of anatomic alterations that can cause shoulder instability or may be present as a concomitant injury or in combination, including bone loss (glenoid or humeral head), complex capsule-labral tears, rotator cuff tears, Kim´s lesions (injuries to the posterior-inferior labrum) and rotator interval pathology...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845477/the-rotator-interval-a-link-between-anatomy-and-ultrasound
#4
Giorgio Tamborrini, Ingrid Möller, David Bong, Maribel Miguel, Christian Marx, Andreas Marc Müller, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl
Shoulder pathologies of the rotator cuff of the shoulder are common in clinical practice. The focus of this pictorial essay is to discuss the anatomical details of the rotator interval of the shoulder, correlate the anatomy with normal ultrasound images and present selected pathologies. We focus on the imaging of the rotator interval that is actually the anterosuperior aspect of the glenohumeral joint capsule that is reinforced externally by the coracohumeral ligament, internally by the superior glenohumeral ligament and capsular fibers which blend together and insert medially and laterally to the bicipital groove...
June 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827054/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-young-patient-with-achondroplasia-ten-year-follow-up-case-report
#5
M van den Broek, O Verborgt, G Declercq
Skeletal dysplasia in achondroplasia can affect all body joints - including the glenohumeral joint - and is prone to develop to degenerative osteoarthritis (OA). This may cause pain and mobility problems at young age. Surgical treatment is challenging due to the dysplastic anatomy of the shoulder joint - with a dysplastic deformed short humerus, a small, hypoplastic medialized glenoid and lateralized acromion - and the long life expectancy of these patients. The indications for reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) evolved during years with rotator cuff tears and rotator cuff arthropathy in combination with or without glenohumeral OA as the main indicator, with good short to mid-term results...
August 5, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808982/radial-head-prosthesis-results-overview
#6
E Carità, A Donadelli, L Cugola, P Perazzini
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Radial head replacement is frequently used in treatment of radial head fractures or sequela. Impossibility to restore a correct anatomy, acute elbow traumatic instability and failure of osteosynthesis hardware are the most common indications. The authors describe their case studies and results on the implantation of various radial head prostheses. MATERIALS: Between June 2005 and June 2016, 28 radial head prostheses were implanted in the same number of patients with an average follow-up of 49 months (6-104)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782076/shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-osteo-chondrodysplasias
#7
Bradley Schoch, Jean-David Werthel, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, John W Sperling, Robert H Cofield, Mark Morrey
PURPOSE: Osteo-chondrodysplasias are a rare cause of limb malalignment, deformity and degenerative joint disease. Earlier in life, deformities may be managed with bony realignment and soft tissue releases; however, as degenerative changes progress, arthroplasty may be considered. There are limited reports examining shoulder arthroplasty in this population. This study aims to assess pain relief, function, and re-operation rate of shoulder arthroplasty in patients with osteo-chondrodysplasias...
October 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#8
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658878/role-of-mri-in-a-series-of-cases-with-biceps-injuries-of-the-shoulder
#9
Abhishek Dwivedi, P K Dhagat, S N Singh, Shalini Singh, Narender Yadav
Dislocation and injury of the biceps is associated with acute and chronic trauma, degenerative changes, repetitive microtrauma, or injuries associated with recurrent and neglected cases of shoulder dislocation. The cases of displaced biceps injuries are relatively rare (only 1/6(th) of all rotator cuff injuries). The dislocation of biceps is manifested with pain and restriction of movements. The X-ray shoulder is not of much help in this condition barring for ruling out the fractures of humerus and scapula...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641732/rehabilitation-of-symptomatic-atraumatic-degenerative-rotator-cuff-tears-a-clinical-commentary-on-assessment-and-management
#10
Sarah Bleichert, Genevieve Renaud, Joy MacDermid, Lyn Watson, Ken Faber, Ross Lenssen, Marie Saulnier, Paul Phillips, Tyler Evans, Jackie Sadi
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical Commentary. INTRODUCTION: Atraumatic rotator cuff (RC) disease, is one of the most common cause of shoulder pain, which encompasses a continuum from tendinopathy to full thickness cuff tears. Extrinsic, intrinsic and environmental factors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of this disorder, affecting the clinical presentation of symptoms including pain and irritability. Successful rehabilitation of symptomatic atraumatic degenerative rotator cuff (SADRC) tears must address the underlying mechanisms causing dysfunction and correct modifiable factors...
April 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508008/the-coracoacromial-ligament-anatomy-function-and-clinical-significance
#11
Adam Rothenberg, Gregory Gasbarro, Jesse Chlebeck, Albert Lin
The coracoacromial ligament (CAL) was first described as a pain generator by Dr Charles Neer in the early 1970s. Since that time, considerable controversy regarding CAL management during acromioplasty has persisted. This review aims to better understand the role of the CAL in shoulder physiology and pathology. Sixty-six articles from 1958 to 2016 were identified using an electronic search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, AccessMedicine, and MD Consult for case series as well as cohort and prospective studies. The authors used "coracoacromial ligament" and "coracoacromial veil" as medical subject headings (MeSH)...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427870/all-endoscopic-brachial-plexus-complete-neurolysis-for-idiopathic-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-a-prospective-case-series
#12
Thibault Lafosse, Malo Le Hanneur, Laurent Lafosse
PURPOSE: To describe an all-endoscopic technique for infra- and supraclavicular brachial plexus (BP) neurolysis and to assess its functional outcomes for patients suffering from nonspecific neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). METHODS: Between January 2010 and January 2013, 36 patients presenting an idiopathic nonspecific NTOS benefited from an endoscopic decompression in our institution. The inclusion criteria were a typical clinical NTOS and failure of a 6-month well-conducted nonsurgical treatment...
August 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400882/suprascapular-nerve-pathology-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Lazaros Kostretzis, Ioannis Theodoroudis, Achilleas Boutsiadis, Nikolaos Papadakis, Pericles Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve pathology is a rare diagnosis that is increasingly gaining popularity among the conditions that cause shoulder pain and dysfunction. The suprascapular nerve passes through several osseoligamentous structures and can be compressed in several locations. METHODS: A thorough literature search was performed using online available databases in order to carefully define the pathophysiology and to guide diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: Suprascapular neuropathy diagnosis is based on a careful history and a thorough clinical and radiological examination...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400877/latissimus-dorsi-transfer-in-posterior-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears
#14
REVIEW
Panagiotis P Anastasopoulos, George Alexiadis, Sarantis Spyridonos, Emmanouil Fandridis
BACKGROUND: Massive rotator cuff tears pose a difficult and complex challenge even for the experienced surgeon; inability to repair these tears by conventional means designates them as irreparable, while management becomes quite taxing. Several operative options have been suggested for the management of such lesions with varying degrees of success, while it is imperative to match patient demands and expectations to the predicted outcome. METHODS: Research articles are examined and key concepts are discussed, in order to provide an evidence based review of the available literature...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900709/double-locking-precontoured-plating-system-for-malunited-fractures-of-the-distal-end-of-humerus
#15
L Tarallo, R Mugnai, M Rocchi, C Rovesta, F Catani
BACKGROUND: Distal humeral malunions are uncommon injuries, often associated with limited elbow motion, pain, instability, weakness, and sometimes ulnar neuritis. The complex anatomy of the elbow joint makes this condition one of the most complex elbow injuries to treat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients were treated by the same surgeon between 2011 and 2013 using a double-locking precontoured plating system for malunited intra-articular or extra-articular fractures of the distal end of the humerus...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776006/arthroscopic-assisted-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-reconstruction-for-chronic-acromioclavicular-dislocations-surgical-technique
#16
Achilleas Boutsiadis, Laurent Baverel, Hubert Lenoir, Philippe Delsol, Johannes Barth
Chronic acromioclavicular (AC) instability is a rare posttraumatic shoulder condition that can lead to undesirable symptoms like persistent pain, muscle fatigue, loss of strength, or even scapular dyskinesis. It is well known that in these cases the superior functional results depend on the restoration of the anatomy and stability of the AC joint in both vertical and horizontal planes. Considering the ligaments degeneration and atrophy in chronic AC joint dislocations, we present an arthroscopic-assisted reconstruction of both the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments using autograft augmentation...
December 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726738/comprehensive-shoulder-us-examination-a-standardized-approach-with-multimodality-correlation-for-common-shoulder-disease
#17
REVIEW
Matthew H Lee, Scott E Sheehan, John F Orwin, Kenneth S Lee
Shoulder pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions encountered in primary care and specialty orthopedic clinic settings. Although magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is typically the modality of choice for evaluating the soft-tissue structures of the shoulder, ultrasonography (US) is becoming an important complementary imaging tool in the evaluation of superficial soft-tissue structures such as the rotator cuff, subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and biceps tendon. The advantages of US driving its recent increased use include low cost, accessibility, and capability for real-time high-resolution imaging that enables dynamic assessment and needle guidance...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645218/shoulder-acromioclavicular-joint-reconstruction-options-and-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Simon Lee, Asheesh Bedi
Acromioclavicular joint separations are a common cause of shoulder pain in the young athletic population. In high-grade injuries, acromioclavicular joint reconstruction procedures may be indicated for functional improvement. There is currently no gold standard for the surgical management of these injuries. Multiple reconstructive options exist, including coracoclavicular screws, hook plates, endobutton coracoclavicular fixations, and anatomic ligament reconstructions with tendon grafts. This article aims to review pertinent acromioclavicular joint anatomy and biomechanics, radiographic evaluation, classification system, as well as reconstruction options, outcomes, and complications...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599831/outcomes-following-long-head-of-biceps-tendon-tenodesis
#19
REVIEW
Saad M AlQahtani, Ryan T Bicknell
Lesions of the proximal long head of the biceps tendon (LHB) have been considered as a major cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction. The role of the LHB in causing pain has been a source of controversy for many years, and extensive literature is available discussing anatomy, function, pathology, and most importantly appropriate treatment. Despite this, there is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the management of biceps-related pathology. Biceps tenotomy and tenodesis are common surgical treatment options when dealing with LHB-related pathology...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591101/an-acute-cervical-subdural-hematoma-as-the-complication-of-acupuncture-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Keyvan Eghbal, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand
BACKGROUND: Several injuries in the cervical region as complications of acupuncture have been previously reported in the literature, including cord and medulla oblongata injuries, subdural empyema, and cervical hematoma. Spinal cord subdural hematoma is a rare condition mainly associated with coagulopathy, trauma, and iatrogenic procedures. We herein report an acute cervical subdural hematoma after cervical acupuncture for neck and shoulder pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 74-year-old woman presented with progressive quadriparesis and sensory deficit after receiving acupuncture in the neck and shoulder...
November 2016: World Neurosurgery
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