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Loai Albarqouni, Khamis Elessi, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh
BACKGROUND: Research conducted on conditions responsible for the greatest disease burden should be given the highest priority, particularly in resource-limited settings. The present study aimed to assess the research output in relation to disease burden in Palestine and to identify the conditions which are under- or over-investigated, if any. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for reports of original research relevant to human health or healthcare authored by researchers affiliated with Palestinian institutions and published between January 2000 and December 2015...
March 15, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Andre Renzaho, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, Eleonora Dal Grande, Barbora de Courten, Estifanos Baye, David Gonzalez-Chica, Elina Hyppӧnen, Zumin Shi, Malcolm Riley, Robert Adams, Yohannes Kinfu
BACKGROUND: Diet is a major determining factor for many non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs). However, evidence on diet-related NCD burden remains limited. We assessed the trends in diet-related NCDs in Australia from 1990 to 2015 and compared the results with other countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). METHODS: We used data and methods from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study to estimate the NCD mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to 14 dietary risk factors in Australia and 34 OECD nations...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Eric L Hurwitz, Kristi Randhawa, Hainan Yu, Pierre Côté, Scott Haldeman
PURPOSE: This article summarizes relevant findings related to low back and neck pain from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) reports for the purpose of informing the Global Spine Care Initiative. METHODS: We reviewed and summarized back and neck pain burden data from two studies that were published in Lancet in 2016, namely: "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015" and "Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015...
February 26, 2018: European Spine Journal
Samuel L I Olsson, Junho Cho, Sethumadhavan Chandrasekhar, Xi Chen, Peter J Winzer, Sergejs Makovejs
We demonstrate transmission of a probabilistically shaped polarization-division multiplexed 3-GBd 4096-QAM signal over up to 200 km of backward Raman amplified Corning® Vascade® EX2000 fiber. The 3-GBd signal with a root-raised-cosine roll-off of 0.01 has the potential to generate a spectral efficiency of 19.77 bit/s/Hz over 50 km of fiber.
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
Tara Ballav Adhikari, Dinesh Neupane, Per Kallestrup
Background: COPD is a globally significant public health problem and is the second leading cause of mortality. This study presents the health burden of COPD in Nepal using the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2016 dataset. Methods: This study used the data from the GBD repository presenting morbidity and mortality attributed to COPD, by sex and age. In GBD 2016, due to a lack of the primary source of data in Nepal, estimations on morbidity and mortality of COPD were based on its predictive covariates...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Daniela Simões, Fábio Azevedo Araújo, Teresa Monjardino, Milton Severo, Ivo Cruz, Loreto Carmona, Raquel Lucas
The aim of this study was to quantify the population impact of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) with other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), using two complementary strategies: standard multivariate models based on global burden of disease (GBD)-defined groups vs. empirical mutually exclusive patterns of NCDs. We used cross-sectional data from the Portuguese Fourth National Health Survey (n = 23,752). Six GBD-defined groups were included: RMDs, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, cancer, depression, diabetes or renal failure, and stroke or myocardial infarction...
February 8, 2018: Rheumatology International
Kit Yee Chan, Xue Li, Wanjing Chen, Peige Song, Nuen Wing Katy Wong, Adrienne N Poon, Weiyan Jian, Ireneous N Soyiri, Simon Cousens, Davies Adeloye, Aziz Sheikh, Harry Campbell, Igor Rudan
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is set to become the third most frequent cause of death and also the third largest cause of global morbidity by 2020. In China, where the population is aging rapidly, COPD has become one of the leading causes of disability and a large economic burden. An epidemiological assessment of the COPD in China is required, with a focus on the number of cases living with disease, main determinants of the disease and time trends. Methods: We systematically searched large Chinese bibliographic databases and English databases to identify spirometry-based epidemiological studies of the prevalence of COPD in China diagnosed according to GOLD criteria...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Mark Stephen Tremblay, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Deborah Carvalho Malta
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to estimate all-cause and cause-specific mortality and years of life lost, investigated by disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), due to colorectal cancer attributable to physical inactivity in Brazil and in the states; to analyze the temporal trend of these estimates over 25 years (1990-2015) compared with global estimates and according to the socioeconomic status of states of Brazil. METHODS: Databases from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) for Brazil, Brazilian states and global information were used...
2018: PloS One
Jin Yang, Yunquan Zhang, Lisha Luo, Runtang Meng, Chuanhua Yu
We analyzed the temporal and spatial variations in mortality burden of cirrhosis and liver cancer attributable to injection drug use (IDU) from 1990 to 2016. Mortality data of IDU-attributable cirrhosis and IDU-attributable liver cancer on the global and national scales from 1990 to 2016 were collected from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies. Age-period-cohort (APC) model analysis was used to analyze the global mortality trends of target disease, and spatial autocorrelation analysis based on Geographic Information System was applied to illustrate the clusters of the most epidemic countries...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kirsten C Verhein, Heather L Vellers, Steven R Kleeberger
Respiratory infectious diseases resulting from bacterial or viral pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), or influenza, are major global public health concerns. Lower respiratory tract infections are leading causes of morbidity and mortality, only behind ischemic heart disease and stroke (GBD 2015 LRI Collaborators in Lancet Infect Dis 17(11):1133-1161, 2017). Developing countries are particularly impacted by these diseases. However, while many are infected with viruses such as RSV (> 90% of all individuals are infected by age 2), only sub-populations develop severe disease...
January 20, 2018: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
S Wolf, H Zwickel, C Kieninger, M Lauermann, W Hartmann, Y Kutuvantavida, W Freude, S Randel, C Koos
We demonstrate the generation of higher-order modulation formats using silicon-based inphase/quadrature (IQ) modulators at symbol rates of up to 100 GBd. Our devices exploit the advantages of silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) integration, which combines silicon-on-insulator waveguides with highly efficient organic electro-optic (EO) cladding materials to enable small drive voltages and sub-millimeter device lengths. In our experiments, we use an SOH IQ modulator with a π-voltage of 1.6 V to generate 100 GBd 16QAM signals...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
Yue Wu, Xunjie Cheng, Peishan Ning, Peixia Cheng, David C Schwebel, Guoqing Hu
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to examine consistency in injury death statistics from the United States CDC Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER) with those from GBD 2015 estimates. Methods: Differences in deaths and the percent difference in deaths between GBD 2015 and CDC WONDER were assessed, as were changes in deaths between 2000 and 2015 for the two datasets. Results: From 2000 to 2015, GBD 2015 estimates for the U.S. injury deaths were somewhat higher than CDC WONDER estimates in most categories, with the exception of deaths from falls and from forces of nature, war, and legal intervention in 2015...
January 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Bolajoko O Olusanya, Stephanie Teeple, Nicholas J Kassebaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Pediatrics
Sergi Trias-Llimós, Anton E Kunst, Domantas Jasilionis, Fanny Janssen
Background: Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries have lower life expectancies and higher alcohol-attributable mortality than Western European countries. We examine the contribution of alcohol consumption to mortality across Europe, and specifically to the East-West life expectancy gap from 1990 onward. Methods: We retrieved alcohol-attributable mortality rates (GBD Study 2013) and all-cause mortality rates (Human Mortality Database) by age and sex for nine CEE countries and for the EU-15 countries...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the trends in tuberculosis incidence, prevalence, and mortality is crucial to tracking of the success of tuberculosis control programmes and identification of remaining challenges. We assessed trends in the fatal and non-fatal burden of tuberculosis over the past 25 years for 195 countries and territories. METHODS: We analysed 10 691 site-years of vital registration data, 768 site-years of verbal autopsy data, and 361 site-years of mortality surveillance data using the Cause of Death Ensemble model to estimate tuberculosis mortality rates...
March 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Jane C Figueiredo, Christopher Haiman, Jacqueline Porcel, James Buxbaum, Daniel Stram, Neal Tambe, Wendy Cozen, Lynne Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder disease (GBD) is a highly prevalent condition; however, little is known about potential differences in risk factors by sex and ethnicity/race. Our aim was to evaluate dietary, reproductive and obesity-related factors and GBD in multiethnic populations. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis from the Multiethnic Cohort study who self-identified as non-Hispanic White (n = 32,103), African American (n = 30,209), Japanese (n = 35,987), Native Hawaiian (n = 6942) and Latino (n = 39,168)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Felix A Ogbo, Elizabeth Buckley, Zumin Shi, Tim Driscoll, Robert Adams, Benjamin C Cowie, Christina Fitzmaurice
BACKGROUND: Comparative evidence on the burden, trend, and risk factors of cancer is limited. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, we aimed to assess cancer burden - incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) - and attributable risk factors for Australia between 1990 and 2015, and to compare them with those of 34 members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). METHODS: The general GBD cancer estimation methods were used with data input from vital registration systems and cancer registries...
February 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Tanyaporn Chantarojanasiri, Saburo Matsubara, Hiroyuki Isayama, Yousuke Nakai, Naminatsu Takahara, Suguru Mizuno, Hirofumi Kogure, Ryunosuke Hakuta, Yukiko Ito, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND/AIM: Percutaneous cholecystostomy [percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD)] is the treatment of choice in surgically unfit patients with acute cholecystitis. However, PTGBD tube removal after symptoms resolution results in 41-46% recurrence. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of the conversion of PTGBD to transmural endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) using plastic stents in patients unfit for cholecystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent internal transmural EUS-GBD as a conversion from PTGBD were reviewed...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Elisabeth B França, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Bruce B Duncan, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro, Mark D C Guimarães, Daisy M X Abreu, Ana Maria N Vasconcelos, Mariângela Carneiro, Renato Teixeira, Paulo Camargos, Ana Paula S Melo, Bernardo L Queiroz, Maria Inês Schmidt, Lenice Ishitani, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Otaliba L Morais-Neto, Maria Tereza Bustamante-Teixeira, Maximiliano R Guerra, Isabela Bensenor, Paulo Lotufo, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on cause of death (COD) are fundamental for planning and resource allocation priorities. We used GBD 2015 estimates to examine levels and trends for the leading causes of death in Brazil from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We describe the main analytical approaches focused on both overall and specific causes of death for Brazil and Brazilian states. RESULTS: There was an overall improvement in life expectancy at birth from 1990 to 2015, but with important heterogeneity among states...
November 22, 2017: Population Health Metrics
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: 18% of the world's population lives in India, and many states of India have populations similar to those of large countries. Action to effectively improve population health in India requires availability of reliable and comprehensive state-level estimates of disease burden and risk factors over time. Such comprehensive estimates have not been available so far for all major diseases and risk factors. Thus, we aimed to estimate the disease burden and risk factors in every state of India as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016...
December 2, 2017: Lancet
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