keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

GBD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219151/-the-disease-burden-for-low-back-pain-in-china-1990-and-2013
#1
W L Dong, Y C Li, S W Liu, Y Y Jiang, F Mao, L Qi, X Y Zeng, M G Zhou
Objective: To assess the disease burden for low back pain in China in 2013 and analyzed the change of it between 1990 and 2013. Methods: Data was from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013). The burden of low back pain (LBP) among age groups, gender groups, provinces (excluding Taiwan China) groups was assessed by years lived with disability (YLD), including YLD, YLD rate, proportion of YLD due to LBP. The change of the YLD for LBP was analyzed between 1990 and 2013 by age-standardized YLD rate using the world standard population of 2000-2025 WHO...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216973/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gallbladder-drainage-for-acute-cholecystitis-long-term-outcomes-after-removal-of-a-self-expandable-metal-stent
#2
Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Masayuki Kitano, Shunsuke Omoto, Takeshi Miyata, Kosuke Minaga, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Toshiharu Sakurai, Tomohiro Watanabe, Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
AIM: To assess the long-term outcomes of this procedure after removal of self-expandable metal stent (SEMS). The efficacy and safety of endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) with SEMS were also assessed. METHODS: Between January 2010 and April 2015, 12 patients with acute calculous cholecystitis, who were deemed unsuitable for cholecystectomy, underwent EUS-GBD with a SEMS. EUS-GBD was performed under the guidance of EUS and fluoroscopy, by puncturing the gallbladder with a needle, inserting a guidewire, dilating the puncture hole, and placing a SEMS...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198889/single-lane-180%C3%A2-%C3%A2-gb-s-db-pam-4-signal-transmission-over-an-80%C3%A2-%C3%A2-km-dcf-free-ssmf-link
#3
Qiang Zhang, Nebojsa Stojanovic, Jinlong Wei, Changsong Xie
We experimentally demonstrate the generation and successful transmission of a single-lane 180 Gb/s (90 GBd) duo-binary four-level pulse-amplitude modulation (DB-PAM-4) signal over an 80 km standard single-mode fiber with a net data-rate of 150 Gb/s, enabled by a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator-aided dispersion pre-compensation. A net data rate of 168 Gb/s is also achievable, for ranges up to 40 km. To mitigate bandwidth limitations and error spreading, pre-coded DB-PAM-4 is used; the pre-coding provides a gain of approximately 1 dB...
February 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198651/burden-of-disease-attributable-to-smoking-in-korea
#4
Aqeela Zahra, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Jae-Hyun Park
Smoking is one of the major health threats and is highly prevalent in Korea. This study quantifies the burden of disease (BOD) resulting from smoking by using the most reliable national statistics of Korea. We followed Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2013 methodology for estimating BOD attributable to smoking. Population attributable fraction was calculated for all diseases and multiplied by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) to obtain BOD by each disease. Total burden of smoking in Korea was 1 368 072 DALYs (38 per 1000); 68% of the disease burden was in males and 32% in females...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191312/mapping-eq-5d-utilities-to-gbd-2010-and-gbd-2013-disability-weights-results-of-two-pilot-studies-in-belgium
#5
C Maertens de Noordhout, B Devleesschauwer, L Gielens, M H D Plasmans, J A Haagsma, N Speybroeck
BACKGROUND: Utilities and disability weights (DWs) are metrics used for calculating Quality-Adjusted Life Years and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), respectively. Utilities can be obtained with multi-attribute instruments such as the EuroQol 5 dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D). In 2010 and 2013, Salomon et al. proposed a set of DWs for 220 and 183 health states, respectively. The objective of this study is to develop an approach for mapping EQ-5D utilities to existing GBD 2010 and GBD 2013 DWs, allowing to predict new GBD 2010/2013 DWs based on EQ-5D utilities...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168229/international-classification-of-diseases-10th-edition-based-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-measuring-of-burden-of-specific-injury
#6
Yu Jin Kim, Sang Do Shin, Hye Sook Park, Kyoung Jun Song, Jin Sung Cho, Seung Chul Lee, Sung Chun Kim, Ju Ok Park, Ki Ok Ahn, Yu Mi Park
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop an International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10th edition injury code-based disability-adjusted life year (DALY) to measure the burden of specific injuries. METHODS: Three independent panels used novel methods to score disability weights (DWs) of 130 indicator codes sampled from 1,284 ICD injury codes. The DWs were interpolated into the remaining injury codes (n=1,154) to estimate DWs for all ICD injury codes. The reliability of the estimated DWs was evaluated using the test-retest method...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154096/global-burden-of-stroke
#7
Valery L Feigin, Bo Norrving, George A Mensah
On the basis of the GBD (Global Burden of Disease) 2013 Study, this article provides an overview of the global, regional, and country-specific burden of stroke by sex and age groups, including trends in stroke burden from 1990 to 2013, and outlines recommended measures to reduce stroke burden. It shows that although stroke incidence, prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life-years rates tend to decline from 1990 to 2013, the overall stroke burden in terms of absolute number of people affected by, or who remained disabled from, stroke has increased across the globe in both men and women of all ages...
February 3, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152987/trends-and-causes-of-maternal-mortality-in-ethiopia-during-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-diseases-study-2013
#8
Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Caroline O Laurence, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Awoke Misganaw, Sintayehu A Woldie, Abiye Hiruye, Azmeraw T Amare, Yihunie Lakew, Berihun M Zeleke, Amare Deribew
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is noticeably high in sub-Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. Continuous nationwide systematic evaluation and assessment of the problem helps to design appropriate policy and strategy in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the trends and causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2013. METHODS: We used the Global Burden of Diseases and Risk factors (GBD) Study 2013 data that was collected from multiple sources at national and subnational levels...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128909/research-prioritization-of-men-s-health-and-urologic-diseases
#9
Tyler Okland, Chante Karimkhani, Hannah Pederson, Lindsay N Boyers, Mark D Sawyer, Kyle O Rove, McCabe C Kenny, Steven Steinberg, Mohsen Naghavi, Robert P Dellavalle
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether disease representation in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) reflects disease burden, measured by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two investigators performed independent assessment of ten men's health and urologic diseases (MHUDs) in CDSR for systematic review and protocol representation, which were compared with percentage of total 2010 DALYs for the ten conditions...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112524/national-and-subnational-patterns-of-cause-of-death-in-iran-1990-2015-applied-methods
#10
Ali Sheidaei, Kimiya Gohari, Amir Kasaeian, Nazila Rezaei, Anita Mansouri, Ardeshir Khosravi, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Younes Mohammadi, Parinaz Mehdipour, Shadi Rahimzadeh, Farshad Sharifi, Mehdi Varmaghani, Maryam Chegini, Shohreh Naderimagham, Hamid Reza Jamshidi, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Causes of death statistics provide crucial health intelligence in national and international communities. An efficient death registration system provides reliable information for health policy system. In many developing countries, death registration systems face a degree of misclassification and incompleteness. There are many impediments to putting an estimate of cause-specific death rates. Addressing those challenges could prevent misleading results. METHODS: Our data was collected by Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran and Isfahan cemeteries from 1995 to 2010...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095477/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013
#11
Raghid Charara, Mohammad Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ashkan Afshin, Theo Vos, Farah Daoud, Haidong Wang, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Ibrahim Khalil, Randah R Hamadeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Yousef Khader, Nawal Al-Hamad, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Anwar Rafay, Rana Asghar, Saleem M Rana, Amira Shaheen, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdullatif Husseini, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Tawfik Khoja, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Mohamed Hsairi, Mahmoud A Alomari, Raghib Ali, Gholamreza Roshandel, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Samer Hamidi, Amany H Refaat, Ronny Westerman, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali S Akanda, Syed Danish Ali, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Imad A D Faghmous, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Jost B Jonas, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Alem Mehari, Saad B Omer, Farshad Pourmalek, Olalekan A Uthman, Ali A Mokdad, Fadi T Maalouf, Foad Abd-Allah, Nadia Akseer, Dinesh Arya, Rohan Borschmann, Alexandra Brazinova, Traolach S Brugha, Ferrán Catalá-López, Louisa Degenhardt, Alize Ferrari, Josep Maria Haro, Masako Horino, John C Hornberger, Hsiang Huang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Yunjin Kim, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Philip B Mitchell, George Patton, Rajesh Sagar, Maheswar Satpathy, Kim Savuon, Soraya Seedat, Ivy Shiue, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Dan J Stein, Karen M Tabb, Harvey A Whiteford, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost-YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability-YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075395/disability-weights-for-chronic-mercury-intoxication-resulting-from-gold-mining-activities-results-from-an-online-pairwise-comparisons-survey
#12
Nadine Steckling, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Julia Winkelnkemper, Florian Fischer, Bret Ericson, Alexander Krämer, Claudia Hornberg, Richard Fuller, Dietrich Plass, Stephan Bose-O'Reilly
In artisanal small-scale gold mining, mercury is used for gold-extraction, putting miners and nearby residents at risk of chronic metallic mercury vapor intoxication (CMMVI). Burden of disease (BoD) analyses allow the estimation of the public health relevance of CMMVI, but until now there have been no specific CMMVI disability weights (DWs). The objective is to derive DWs for moderate and severe CMMVI. Disease-specific and generic health state descriptions of 18 diseases were used in a pairwise comparison survey...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059311/pre-equalization-technique-enabling-70-gbit-s-photonic-wireless-link-at-60-ghz
#13
F C Abrecht, R Bonjour, S Welschen, A Josten, B Baeuerle, D Hillerkuss, M Burla, J Leuthold
In this paper, we demonstrate a 70 Gbit/s photonic-based wireless link at 60 GHz using a single RF carrier and a single polarization. This high capacity is achieved by using 32QAM modulation with a symbol rate of 14 GBd. We show a novel pre-equalization technique that enables usage of such very high bandwidths at 60 GHz. Our work indicates that the consumer oriented 60 GHz band could be a viable alternative to more expensive E-band or sub-THz links for high capacity photonic wireless transmission, mobile backhauling and last-mile high-capacity connections...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057130/-analysis-on-life-expectancy-and-healthy-life-expectancy-in-china-1990-2015
#14
M G Zhou, Y C Li, H D Wang, X Y Zeng, L J Wang, S W Liu, Y N Liu, X F Liang
Objective: To understand the life expectancy (LE) and health life expectancy (HALE) of Chinese during 1990-2015. Methods: Using the results of global burden of disease study 2015 (GBD 2015), we compared the Chinese LE and HALE in 2015 with those of other countries and analyzed the differences between LE and HALE in Chinese and the changes of LE and HALE during 1990-2015 at both national level and provincial level. Results: In 2015, the LE and the HALE of Chinese were 76.2 and 68.0 years, 4.4 and 5.2 years higher than the global averages, respectively...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056271/-disease-burden-attributable-to-household-air-pollution-in-1990-and-2013-in-china
#15
P Yin, Y Cai, J M Liu, Y N Liu, J L Qi, L J Wang, J L You, M G Zhou
Objective: To assess the disease burden attributable to household air pollution in 1990 and 2013 in China. Methods: Based on data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 in China (GBD 2013), we used population attributable fractions (PAF) to analyze the burden of different diseases attributable to solid-fuel household pollution in 2013 in China(not inclnding HongKang, Macao, Taiwan). We compared PAF, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) for diseases attributable to solid-fuel household pollution in 31 provinces in mainland China in 1990 and 2013, and stratified the burden by age group...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047242/su-f-t-494-a-multi-institutional-study-of-independent-dose-verification-using-golden-beam-data
#16
M Itano, R Tachibana, M Yamashita, H Shimizu, Y Sugawara, K Kotabe, T Kamima, R Takahashi, S Ishibashi, Y Uchida, T Yamazaki, H Tachibana
PURPOSE: In general, beam data of individual linac is measured for independent dose verification software program and the verification is performed as a secondary check. In this study, independent dose verification using golden beam data was compared to that using individual linac's beam data. METHODS: Six institutions were participated and three different beam data were prepared. The one was individual measured data (Original Beam Data, OBD) .The others were generated by all measurements from same linac model (Model-GBD) and all linac models (All-GBD)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046965/su-f-p-39-end-to-end-validation-of-a-6-mv-high-dose-rate-photon-beam-configured-for-eclipse-aaa-algorithm-using-golden-beam-data-for-sbrt-treatments-using-rapidarc
#17
M Ferreyra, F Salinas Aranda, D Dodat, R Sansogne, S Arbiser
PURPOSE: To use end-to-end testing to validate a 6 MV high dose rate photon beam, configured for Eclipse AAA algorithm using Golden Beam Data (GBD), for SBRT treatments using RapidArc. METHODS: Beam data was configured for Varian Eclipse AAA algorithm using the GBD provided by the vendor. Transverse and diagonals dose profiles, PDDs and output factors down to a field size of 2×2 cm2 were measured on a Varian Trilogy Linac and compared with GBD library using 2% 2mm 1D gamma analysis...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043931/similar-efficacies-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-gallbladder-drainage-with-a-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-vs-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage-for-acute-cholecystitis
#18
Shayan Irani, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Anthony Teoh, Uwe Will, Jose Nieto, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, S Ian Gan, Michael Larsen, Hon Chi Yip, Mark D Topazian, Michael J Levy, Christopher C Thompson, Andrew C Storm, Gulara Hajiyeva, Amr Ismail, Yen-I Chen, Majidah Bukhari, Yamile Haito Chavez, Vivek Kumbhari, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute cholecystitis in patients who are not candidates for surgery is often managed with percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PT-GBD). Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) with a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) is an effective alternative to PT-GBD. We compared the technical success of EUS-GBD vs PT-GBD, as well as patient outcomes, numbers of adverse events (AEs), length of hospital stay, pain scores, and repeat interventions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to compare EUS-GBD vs PT-GBD at 7 centers (5 in the United States, 1 in Europe, and 1 in Asia), from 2013 through 2015, in management of acute cholecystitis in patients who are not candidates for surgery...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989559/expanding-gbd-collaboration-call-for-experts-in-health-financing-and-health-systems
#19
COMMENT
Christopher J L Murray, Stephen S Lim, Joseph L Dieleman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978839/the-impact-of-dietary-risk-factors-on-the-burden-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-ethiopia-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#20
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Awoke Misganaw Temesgen, Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Berhe W Sahle, Semaw Ferede Abera, Tolesa Bekele, Ferew Lemma, Azmeraw T Amare, Oumer Seid, Kedir Endris, Abiy Hiruye, Amare Worku, Robert Adams, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Zumin Shi, Ashkan Afshin, Mohammad H Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased in sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia. The contribution of dietary behaviours to the NCD burden in Ethiopia has not been evaluated. This study, therefore, aimed to assess diet-related burden of disease in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2013. METHOD: We used the 2013 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data to estimate deaths, years of life lost (YLLs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) related to eight food types, five nutrients and fibre intake...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
keyword
keyword
9401
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"