keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

GBD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095477/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013
#1
Raghid Charara, Mohammad Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ashkan Afshin, Theo Vos, Farah Daoud, Haidong Wang, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Ibrahim Khalil, Randah R Hamadeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Yousef Khader, Nawal Al-Hamad, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Anwar Rafay, Rana Asghar, Saleem M Rana, Amira Shaheen, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdullatif Husseini, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Tawfik Khoja, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Mohamed Hsairi, Mahmoud A Alomari, Raghib Ali, Gholamreza Roshandel, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Samer Hamidi, Amany H Refaat, Ronny Westerman, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali S Akanda, Syed Danish Ali, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Imad A D Faghmous, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Jost B Jonas, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Alem Mehari, Saad B Omer, Farshad Pourmalek, Olalekan A Uthman, Ali A Mokdad, Fadi T Maalouf, Foad Abd-Allah, Nadia Akseer, Dinesh Arya, Rohan Borschmann, Alexandra Brazinova, Traolach S Brugha, Ferrán Catalá-López, Louisa Degenhardt, Alize Ferrari, Josep Maria Haro, Masako Horino, John C Hornberger, Hsiang Huang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Yunjin Kim, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Philip B Mitchell, George Patton, Rajesh Sagar, Maheswar Satpathy, Kim Savuon, Soraya Seedat, Ivy Shiue, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Dan J Stein, Karen M Tabb, Harvey A Whiteford, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost-YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability-YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075395/disability-weights-for-chronic-mercury-intoxication-resulting-from-gold-mining-activities-results-from-an-online-pairwise-comparisons-survey
#2
Nadine Steckling, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Julia Winkelnkemper, Florian Fischer, Bret Ericson, Alexander Krämer, Claudia Hornberg, Richard Fuller, Dietrich Plass, Stephan Bose-O'Reilly
In artisanal small-scale gold mining, mercury is used for gold-extraction, putting miners and nearby residents at risk of chronic metallic mercury vapor intoxication (CMMVI). Burden of disease (BoD) analyses allow the estimation of the public health relevance of CMMVI, but until now there have been no specific CMMVI disability weights (DWs). The objective is to derive DWs for moderate and severe CMMVI. Disease-specific and generic health state descriptions of 18 diseases were used in a pairwise comparison survey...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059311/pre-equalization-technique-enabling-70-gbit-s-photonic-wireless-link-at-60-ghz
#3
F C Abrecht, R Bonjour, S Welschen, A Josten, B Baeuerle, D Hillerkuss, M Burla, J Leuthold
In this paper, we demonstrate a 70 Gbit/s photonic-based wireless link at 60 GHz using a single RF carrier and a single polarization. This high capacity is achieved by using 32QAM modulation with a symbol rate of 14 GBd. We show a novel pre-equalization technique that enables usage of such very high bandwidths at 60 GHz. Our work indicates that the consumer oriented 60 GHz band could be a viable alternative to more expensive E-band or sub-THz links for high capacity photonic wireless transmission, mobile backhauling and last-mile high-capacity connections...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057130/-analysis-on-life-expectancy-and-healthy-life-expectancy-in-china-1990-2015
#4
M G Zhou, Y C Li, H D Wang, X Y Zeng, L J Wang, S W Liu, Y N Liu, X F Liang
Objective: To understand the life expectancy (LE) and health life expectancy (HALE) of Chinese during 1990-2015. Methods: Using the results of global burden of disease study 2015 (GBD 2015), we compared the Chinese LE and HALE in 2015 with those of other countries and analyzed the differences between LE and HALE in Chinese and the changes of LE and HALE during 1990-2015 at both national level and provincial level. Results: In 2015, the LE and the HALE of Chinese were 76.2 and 68.0 years, 4.4 and 5.2 years higher than the global averages, respectively...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056271/-disease-burden-attributable-to-household-air-pollution-in-1990-and-2013-in-china
#5
P Yin, Y Cai, J M Liu, Y N Liu, J L Qi, L J Wang, J L You, M G Zhou
Objective: To assess the disease burden attributable to household air pollution in 1990 and 2013 in China. Methods: Based on data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 in China (GBD 2013), we used population attributable fractions (PAF) to analyze the burden of different diseases attributable to solid-fuel household pollution in 2013 in China(not inclnding HongKang, Macao, Taiwan). We compared PAF, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) for diseases attributable to solid-fuel household pollution in 31 provinces in mainland China in 1990 and 2013, and stratified the burden by age group...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047242/su-f-t-494-a-multi-institutional-study-of-independent-dose-verification-using-golden-beam-data
#6
M Itano, R Tachibana, M Yamashita, H Shimizu, Y Sugawara, K Kotabe, T Kamima, R Takahashi, S Ishibashi, Y Uchida, T Yamazaki, H Tachibana
PURPOSE: In general, beam data of individual linac is measured for independent dose verification software program and the verification is performed as a secondary check. In this study, independent dose verification using golden beam data was compared to that using individual linac's beam data. METHODS: Six institutions were participated and three different beam data were prepared. The one was individual measured data (Original Beam Data, OBD) .The others were generated by all measurements from same linac model (Model-GBD) and all linac models (All-GBD)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046965/su-f-p-39-end-to-end-validation-of-a-6-mv-high-dose-rate-photon-beam-configured-for-eclipse-aaa-algorithm-using-golden-beam-data-for-sbrt-treatments-using-rapidarc
#7
M Ferreyra, F Salinas Aranda, D Dodat, R Sansogne, S Arbiser
PURPOSE: To use end-to-end testing to validate a 6 MV high dose rate photon beam, configured for Eclipse AAA algorithm using Golden Beam Data (GBD), for SBRT treatments using RapidArc. METHODS: Beam data was configured for Varian Eclipse AAA algorithm using the GBD provided by the vendor. Transverse and diagonals dose profiles, PDDs and output factors down to a field size of 2×2 cm2 were measured on a Varian Trilogy Linac and compared with GBD library using 2% 2mm 1D gamma analysis...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043931/similar-efficacies-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-gallbladder-drainage-with-a-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-vs-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage-for-acute-cholecystitis
#8
Shayan Irani, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Anthony Teoh, Uwe Will, Jose Nieto, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, S Ian Gan, Michael Larsen, Hon Chi Yip, Mark D Topazian, Michael J Levy, Christopher C Thompson, Andrew C Storm, Gulara Hajiyeva, Amr Ismail, Yen-I Chen, Majidah Bukhari, Yamile Haito Chavez, Vivek Kumbhari, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute cholecystitis in patients who are not candidates for surgery is often managed with percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PT-GBD). Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) with a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) is an effective alternative to PT-GBD. We compared the technical success of EUS-GBD vs PT-GBD, as well as patient outcomes, numbers of adverse events (AEs), length of hospital stay, pain scores, and repeat interventions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to compare EUS-GBD vs PT-GBD at 7 centers (5 in the United States, 1 in Europe, and 1 in Asia), from 2013 through 2015, in management of acute cholecystitis in patients who are not candidates for surgery...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989559/expanding-gbd-collaboration-call-for-experts-in-health-financing-and-health-systems
#9
Christopher J L Murray, Stephen S Lim, Joseph L Dieleman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978839/the-impact-of-dietary-risk-factors-on-the-burden-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-ethiopia-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#10
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Awoke Misganaw Temesgen, Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Berhe W Sahle, Semaw Ferede Abera, Tolesa Bekele, Ferew Lemma, Azmeraw T Amare, Oumer Seid, Kedir Endris, Abiy Hiruye, Amare Worku, Robert Adams, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Zumin Shi, Ashkan Afshin, Mohammad H Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased in sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia. The contribution of dietary behaviours to the NCD burden in Ethiopia has not been evaluated. This study, therefore, aimed to assess diet-related burden of disease in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2013. METHOD: We used the 2013 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) data to estimate deaths, years of life lost (YLLs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) related to eight food types, five nutrients and fibre intake...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965429/age-period-cohort-analysis-of-stroke-mortality-in-china-data-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#11
Zhenkun Wang, Songbo Hu, Shuping Sang, Lisha Luo, Chuanhua Yu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke has been the leading cause of death in China. The aim of this study is to assess the long-term trends of stroke mortality in China between 1994 and 2013. METHODS: The mortality data were obtained from the GBD 2013 (Global Burden of Disease Study 2013) and were analyzed with the age-period-cohort framework. RESULTS: We found that the net drift was -2.665% (95% confidence interval, -2.854% to -2.474%) per year for men and -4...
December 13, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938824/the-global-burden-of-disease-study-and-the-preventable-burden-of-ncd
#12
REVIEW
Catherine P Benziger, Gregory A Roth, Andrew E Moran
Noncommunicable diseases (NCD) now account for more than one-half of the global burden of disease. Cardiovascular diseases account for about one-half of NCD deaths, and the majority of cardiovascular disease deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) study measures and benchmarks health loss from death or disability from more than 300 diseases in over 100 countries. According to GBD analyses, the rise of NCD is in part due to increased life expectancy due to reduced premature mortality from communicable, child, and maternal illnesses, but preventable risk factors also contribute and present targets for NCD control efforts...
December 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918777/global-regional-and-national-cancer-incidence-mortality-years-of-life-lost-years-lived-with-disability-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-32-cancer-groups-1990-to-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#13
Christina Fitzmaurice, Christine Allen, Ryan M Barber, Lars Barregard, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Hermann Brenner, Daniel J Dicker, Odgerel Chimed-Orchir, Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, Tom Fleming, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Jamie Hancock, Roderick J Hay, Rachel Hunter-Merrill, Chantal Huynh, H Dean Hosgood, Catherine O Johnson, Jost B Jonas, Jagdish Khubchandani, G Anil Kumar, Michael Kutz, Qing Lan, Heidi J Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S Lim, Alan D Lopez, Michael F MacIntyre, Laurie Marczak, Neal Marquez, Ali H Mokdad, Christine Pinho, Farshad Pourmalek, Joshua A Salomon, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Benn Sartorius, Stephen M Schwartz, Katya A Shackelford, Kenji Shibuya, Jeff Stanaway, Caitlyn Steiner, Jiandong Sun, Ken Takahashi, Stein Emil Vollset, Theo Vos, Joseph A Wagner, Haidong Wang, Ronny Westerman, Hajo Zeeb, Leo Zoeckler, Foad Abd-Allah, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Samer Alabed, Noore K Alam, Saleh Fahed Aldhahri, Girma Alem, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Raghib Ali, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Azmeraw Amare, Yaw Amoako, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Niguse Atnafu, Ashish Awasthi, Huda Ba Saleem, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabé, Balem Betsu, Agnes Binagwaho, Dube Boneya, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Peggy Chiang, Chioma Chibueze, Abdulaal Chitheer, Jee-Young Choi, Benjamin Cowie, Solomon Damtew, José das Neves, Suhojit Dey, Samath Dharmaratne, Preet Dhillon, Eric Ding, Tim Driscoll, Donatus Ekwueme, Aman Yesuf Endries, Maryam Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Tsegaye Tewelde G/Hiwot, Alemseged Gebru, Sameer Gopalani, Alemayehu Hailu, Masako Horino, Nobuyuki Horita, Abdullatif Husseini, Inge Huybrechts, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Sun Ha Jee, Amir Kasaeian, Muktar Sano Kedir, Yousef S Khader, Young-Ho Khang, Daniel Kim, James Leigh, Shai Linn, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Wagner Marcenes, Desalegn Markos, Yohannes A Melaku, Kidanu G Meles, Walter Mendoza, Desalegn Tadese Mengiste, Tuomo J Meretoja, Ted R Miller, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Gabriele Nagel, Devina Nand, Quyen Le Nguyen, Sandra Nolte, Felix A Ogbo, Kelechi E Oladimeji, Eyal Oren, Mahesh Pa, Eun-Kee Park, David M Pereira, Dietrich Plass, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Mahfuzar Rahman, Saleem M Rana, Kjetil Søreide, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Jun She, Ivy Shiue, Hirbo Roba Shore, Mark G Shrime, Samuel So, Samir Soneji, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Bryan L Sykes, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Fentaw Tadese, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, J S Thakur, Bach Xuan Tran, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Benjamin S Chudi Uzochukwu, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Mamo Wubshet Terefe, Henock Gebremedhin Yebyo, Hassen Hamid Yimam, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Zerihun Menlkalew Zenebe, Christopher J L Murray, Mohsen Naghavi
Importance: Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Current estimates on the burden of cancer are needed for cancer control planning. Objective: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 32 cancers in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Evidence Review: Cancer mortality was estimated using vital registration system data, cancer registry incidence data (transformed to mortality estimates using separately estimated mortality to incidence [MI] ratios), and verbal autopsy data...
December 3, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905971/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#14
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
November 14, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891065/trends-causes-and-risk-factors-of-mortality-among-children-under-5-in-ethiopia-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#15
Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw F Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw, Nicholas Kassebaum
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). On the other hand, the patterns and causes of child mortality have not been well investigated in Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to investigate the mortality trend, causes of death, and risk factors among children under 5 in Ethiopia during 1990-2013...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881679/the-shigella-virulence-factor-icsa-relieves-n-wasp-autoinhibition-by-displacing-the-verprolin-homology-cofilin-acidic-vca-domain
#16
Rui P M Mauricio, Cy M Jeffries, Dmitri I Svergun, Janet E Deane
Shigella flexneri is a bacterial pathogen that invades cells of the gastrointestinal tract, causing severe dysentery. Shigella mediates intracellular motility and spreading via actin comet tail formation. This process is dependent on the surface-exposed, membrane-embedded virulence factor IcsA, which recruits the host actin regulator N-WASP. Although it is clear that Shigella requires N-WASP for this process, the molecular details of this interaction and the mechanism of N-WASP activation remain poorly understood...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866687/glibenclamide-nanocrystals-in-a-biodegradable-chitosan-patch-for-transdermal-delivery-engineering-formulation-and-evaluation
#17
Hany S M Ali, Ahmed F Hanafy
Glibenclamide (GBD) nanocrystals (D50 = 429 nm) were engineered by applying combined precipitation and homogenization procedures. GBD crystallinity was maintained during the nanonization process as revealed by differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray analyses. Nanonized and micronized GBD were incorporated into chitosan solutions to fabricate transdermal delivery systems (TDDSs), nano- and micro-GBD, respectively. The fabricated TDDSs displayed satisfactory physicochemical characteristics without substantial aggregation of GBD nanocrystals during the casting and drying procedures...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845545/burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-iran-from-1990-to-2010-results-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2010
#18
Shadi Rahimzadeh, Shohreh Naderimagham, Marzieh Rohani-Rasaf, Parinaz Mehdipour, Masoud Lotfizadeh, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Fereshteh Davoudi, Atefeh Noori, Kianoush Kamali, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: The present study describes the epidemiological status of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Iran based on the Global Burden of Disease study 2010 (the GBD 2010), and compares this with those of other neighboring countries. METHODS: The burden of STIs from 1990 to 2010 in Iran was derived from a systematic study, namely the GBD 2010, which was conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). Using a model-based estimation, Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) were calculated on the basis of the prevalence of STIs...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844455/gbd-2015-migraine-is-the-third-cause-of-disability-in-under-50s
#19
EDITORIAL
Timothy J Steiner, Lars J Stovner, Theo Vos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828498/multi-format-carrier-recovery-for-coherent-real-time-reception-with-processing-in-polar-coordinates
#20
Benedikt Baeuerle, Arne Josten, Felix Abrecht, Marco Eppenberger, Edwin Dornbierer, David Hillerkuss, Juerg Leuthold
A blind frequency and phase search algorithm for joint frequency and phase recovery is introduced. The algorithm achieves low complexity due to processing in polar coordinates, which reduces the amount of multiplications. We show an implementation for real-time processing at 32 GBd on FPGA hardware. The hardware design allows for dynamic multi-format operation, where the format can be switched flexibly after each clock cycle (250 MHz, 128 Symbols) between 4QAM, 8QAM, and 16QAM. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated with respect to laser phase noise, carrier frequency offset, and carrier frequency offset drift...
October 31, 2016: Optics Express
keyword
keyword
9401
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"