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Cancer progression chromatin

Shenshen Wu, Qingtao Meng, Chengcheng Zhang, Hao Sun, Runze Lu, Na Gao, Hongbao Yang, Xiaobo Li, Michael Aschner, Rui Chen
The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), -397G>T (rs13278062) polymorphism, in the promoter of Death Receptor 4 (DR4) had been reported to be associated with a significantly increased risk for bladder cancer. However, the association of this SNP with the risk of colorectal cancer has not been reported. In this study, we performed a case-control study in 1,078 colorectal cancer patients and 1,175 matched healthy controls to evaluate the association of the potential functional genetic variants in DR4 with risk and survival of colorectal cancer...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Mariangela Morlando, Alessandro Fatica
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulators of the epigenetic status of the human genome. Besides their participation to normal physiology, lncRNA expression and function have been already associated to many diseases, including cancer. By interacting with epigenetic regulators and by controlling chromatin topology, their misregulation may result in an aberrant regulation of gene expression that may contribute to tumorigenesis. Here, we review the functional role and mechanisms of action of lncRNAs implicated in the aberrant epigenetic regulation that has characterized cancer development and progression...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xu Wang, Di Sun, Jiandong Tai, Si Chen, Miao Yu, Dong Ren, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND: Aberrant expression of transcription Factor AP-2 Gamma (TFAP2C) has been reported to be implicated in malignant process of many cancers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical significance and biological roles of TFAP2C in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: TFAP2C expression was evaluated by real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC) respectively in clinical CRC tissues. Statistical analysis was performed to explore the correlation between TFAP2C expression and clinicopathological features, and overall and progression-free survival in CRC patients...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Xinyi Yang, Ying Lin
Nuclear actin-binding proteins (ABPs) perform distinguishable functions compared with their cytoplasmic counterparts in extensive activities of living cells. In addition to the ability to regulate actin cytoskeleton dynamics, nuclear ABPs are associated with multiple nuclear biological processes, including chromatin remodeling, gene transcriptional regulation, DNA damage response, nucleocytoplasmic trafficking and nuclear structure maintenance. The nuclear translocation of ABPs is affected by numerous intracellular or extracellular stimuli, which may lead to developmental malformation, tumor initiation, tumor progression and metastasis...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Haijie Li, Jingqin Lan, Caishun Han, Kaixuan Guo, Guihua Wang, Junbo Hu, Jianping Gong, Xuelai Luo, Zhixin Cao
Liver fibrosis, an important health concern associated to chronic liver injury that provides a permissive environment for cancer development, is characterized by the persistent deposition of extracellular matrix components mainly derived from activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Brg1, the core subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, has been proved to associated with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis which may progress to cirrhosis. Herein, we determined whether Brg1 regulates liver fibrosis and examined its mechanism by focusing on HSCs activation...
February 7, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Qian Liu, Wenbin Lu, Chunxia Yang, Yue Wang, Wenjing Li, Ying Chu, Jianzhong Deng, Yongzhong Hou, Jianhua Jin
Hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP, also termed as LAMTOR5) plays a crucial role in regulation of cancer progression, while the mechanism is still unclear. Here we found that HBXIP increased the expression of PPARδ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-δ) in gene and protein levels of SW480 or HT-29 colonic cancer cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays showed that HBXIP occupied the core promoter (-1079/-239 nt) regions of PPARδ and that HBXIP activated the transcription activity of PPARδ in an NF-κB (p65)-dependent manner...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Min He, Shanshan Liu, Sachith Gallolu Kankanamalage, Mark D Borromeo, Luc Girard, Adi F Gazdar, John D Minna, Jane E Johnson, Melanie H Cobb
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma, designated as a recalcitrant cancer by the National Cancer Institute, in urgent need of new rational therapeutic targets. Previous studies have determined that the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor achaete-scute homolog 1 (ASCL1) is essential for the survival and progression of a fraction of pulmonary neuroendocrine cancer cells, which include both SCLC and a subset of non-SCLC. Previously, to understand how ASCL1 initiates tumorigenesis in pulmonary neuroendocrine cancer and identify the transcriptional targets of ASCL1, whole-genome RNA-sequencing analysis combined with chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing was performed with a series of lung cancer cell lines...
February 1, 2018: Translational Oncology
Masato Ooka, Takuya Abe, Kosai Cho, Kaoru Koike, Shunichi Takeda, Kouji Hirota
ALC1 (amplified in liver cancer 1), an SNF2 superfamily chromatin-remodeling factor also known as CHD1L (chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like), is implicated in base-excision repair, where PARP (Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase) mediated Poly(ADP-ribose) signaling facilitates the recruitment of this protein to damage sites. We here demonstrate the critical role played by ALC1 in the regulation of replication-fork progression in cleaved template strands. To analyze the role played by ALC1 as well as its functional relationship with PARP1, we generated ALC1-/-, PARP1-/-, and ALC1-/-/PARP1-/- cells from chicken DT40 cells...
2018: PloS One
Swaathi Jayaraman, Michele Doucet, Scott L Kominsky
The transcriptional co-regulator Cbp/p300-interacting transactivator with Glu/Asp-rich carboxy-terminal domain-2 (CITED2) may promote breast tumor growth; however, the mechanisms by which its effects are mediated remain to be fully elucidated. Tumor-associated macrophages serve an important function in tumor development and progression and are recruited by chemotactic factors produced by cells within the tumor microenvironment. The present study assessed the effects of CITED2 silencing on macrophage recruitment in two xenograft mouse models of human breast cancer, one in which tumor growth was sensitive to CITED2 silencing (MDA-MB-231) and one in which it was insensitive (MDA-MB-468)...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Anjali V Sheahan, Leigh Ellis
Prostate cancer initiation, development and progression is driven by androgen receptor (AR) signaling. Androgen deprivation therapy is the primary treatment for patients that present with locally advanced or metastatic disease. However, androgen deprivation therapy is not curative, and patients will progress to castrate-resistant disease (CRPC). Although most patient's progress to CRPC via restoration of AR signaling (CRPC-Ad), approximately a quarter of patients will progress via mechanisms independent of AR signaling...
January 26, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Junko Murai, Sai-Wen Tang, Elisabetta Leo, Simone A Baechler, Christophe E Redon, Hongliang Zhang, Muthana Al Abo, Vinodh N Rajapakse, Eijiro Nakamura, Lisa M Miller Jenkins, Mirit I Aladjem, Yves Pommier
SLFN11 sensitizes cancer cells to a broad range of DNA-targeted therapies. Here we show that, in response to replication stress induced by camptothecin, SLFN11 tightly binds chromatin at stressed replication foci via RPA1 together with the replication helicase subunit MCM3. Unlike ATR, SLFN11 neither interferes with the loading of CDC45 and PCNA nor inhibits the initiation of DNA replication but selectively blocks fork progression while inducing chromatin opening across replication initiation sites. The ATPase domain of SLFN11 is required for chromatin opening, replication block, and cell death but not for the tight binding of SLFN11 to chromatin...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Cell
Fade Gong, Kyle M Miller
Our genetic information is organized into chromatin, which consists of histones and proteins involved in regulating DNA compaction, accessibility and function. Chromatin is decorated by histone modifications, which provide signals that coordinate DNA-based processes including transcription and DNA damage response (DDR) pathways. A major signal involved in these processes is acetylation, which when attached to lysines within proteins, including histones, can be recognized and read by bromodomain-containing proteins...
February 2, 2018: Cell Cycle
Albert Jordan, Albert Carbonell, Raquel Fueyo, Andrea Izquierdo-Bouldstridge, Cristina Moreta
The Barcelona Conference on Epigenetics and Cancer (BCEC) entitled "Epigenetic Mechanisms in Health and Disease" was held in Barcelona, October 26-26, 2017. The 2017 BCEC was the fifth and last edition of a series of annual conferences organized as a joint effort of five leading Barcelona research institutes together with B-Debate. This edition was organized by Albert Jordan from the Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona (IBMB-CSIC) and Marcus Bushbeck from the Josep Carreras Leukaemia Research Institute (IJC)...
January 31, 2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Urszula L McClurg, Arash Nabbi, Charles Ricordel, Svitlana Korolchuk, Stuart McCracken, Rakesh Heer, Laura Wilson, Lisa M Butler, Bronwyn Kate Irving-Hooper, Rémy Pedeux, Craig N Robson, Karl T Riabowol, Olivier Binda
BACKGROUND: Although the founding members of the INhibitor of Growth (ING) family of histone mark readers, ING1 and ING2, were defined as tumour suppressors in animal models, the role of other ING proteins in cellular proliferation and cancer progression is unclear. METHODS: We transduced ex vivo benign prostate hyperplasia tissues with inducible lentiviral particles to express ING proteins. Proliferation was assessed by H3S10phos immunohistochemistry (IHC). The expression of ING3 was assessed by IHC on a human prostate cancer tissue microarray (TMA)...
January 30, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Meng Ding, Jun Pan, Zhicheng Guo, Quhe Liu, Chunhua Yang, Lijun Mao
The special AT-rich sequence binding-protein1 (SATB1) attracts excessive attention due to its high expression in a variety of malignancies. SATB1 reprograms chromatin and transcription profiles to promote tumor cell growth and invasion and inhibit apoptosis, leading to tumor progression and metastasis. Consistently, silencing SATB1 with small interfering RNA inhibits the growth and invasion of some kinds of tumors. In this review, we highlight recent progress in our understanding of the role of SATB1 as global regulator of gene expression during cancer development, and evaluate the potential of SATB1 as a molecular therapeutic target for cancers with aberrant SATB1 expression...
January 30, 2018: Cancer Investigation
Ken-Ichi Takayama, Takashi Suzuki, Tetsuya Fujimura, Satoru Takahashi, Satoshi Inoue
Ubiquitin-specific protease 10 (USP10) is known to deubiquitylate its target proteins, mainly to enhance their stabilities. USP10 maintains p53 protein levels and controls epigenetic changes induced by the androgen receptor (AR). GTPase-activating protein-binding protein 2 (G3BP2), an androgen-responsive gene, is known as the main component of stress granules (SGs) that interacts with USP10 in SGs. This study explores the roles of USP10 in prostate cancer progression in p53, G3BP2, and AR signaling. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and sequence analysis, it was found that USP10 is transcriptionally induced with AR recruitment to an intronic region...
January 29, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Humberto J Ferreira, Manel Esteller
While only a small part of the human genome encodes for proteins, biological functions for the so-called junk genome are increasingly being recognized through high-throughput technologies and mechanistic experimental studies. Indeed, novel mechanisms of gene regulation are being discovered that require coordinated interaction between DNA, RNA, and proteins. Therefore, interdisciplinary efforts are still needed to decipher these complex transcriptional networks. In this review, we discuss how non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are epigenetically regulated in cancer and metastases and consequently how ncRNAs participate in the sculpting of the epigenetic profile of a cancer cell, thus modulating the expression of other RNA molecules...
January 26, 2018: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
David Dilworth, Geoff Gudavicius, Xiaoxue Xu, Andrew K J Boyce, Connor O'Sullivan, Jason J Serpa, Misha Bilenky, Evgeniy V Petrochenko, Christoph H Borchers, Martin Hirst, Leigh Anne Swayne, Perry Howard, Christopher J Nelson
FK506 binding proteins (FKBPs) catalyze the interconversion of cis-trans proline conformers in proteins. Importantly, FK506 drugs have anti-cancer and neuroprotective properties, but the effectors and mechanisms underpinning these properties are not well understood because the cellular function(s) of most FKBP proteins are unclear. FKBP25 is a nuclear prolyl isomerase that interacts directly with nucleic acids and is associated with several DNA/RNA binding proteins. Here, we show the catalytic FKBP domain binds microtubules (MTs) directly to promote their polymerization and stabilize the MT network...
January 18, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Huiling Yang, Li Wen, Mingling Wen, Tao Liu, Lisheng Zhao, Bo Wu, Yuyu Yun, Wenchao Liu, Hao Wang, Yu Wang, Ning Wen
Forkhead box protein M1 (FoxM1) has been associated with cancer progression and metastasis. However, the function of FoxM1 in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of FoxM1 in regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and migration of TSCC cells. We found that FoxM1 induced EMT and increased invasion/migration capacity in SCC9 and SCC25 cells. FoxM1 stimulation increased c-Met, pAKT, and vimentin levels but decreased E-cadherin level...
January 22, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
Sylwia Gawrzak, Lorenzo Rinaldi, Sara Gregorio, Enrique J Arenas, Fernando Salvador, Jelena Urosevic, Cristina Figueras-Puig, Federico Rojo, Ivan Del Barco Barrantes, Juan Miguel Cejalvo, Marta Palafox, Marc Guiu, Antonio Berenguer-Llergo, Aikaterini Symeonidi, Anna Bellmunt, Daniela Kalafatovic, Anna Arnal-Estapé, Esther Fernández, Barbara Müllauer, Rianne Groeneveld, Konstantin Slobodnyuk, Camille Stephan-Otto Attolini, Cristina Saura, Joaquín Arribas, Javier Cortes, Ana Rovira, Montse Muñoz, Ana Lluch, Violeta Serra, Joan Albanell, Aleix Prat, Angel R Nebreda, Salvador Aznar Benitah, Roger R Gomis
For many patients with breast cancer, symptomatic bone metastases appear after years of latency. How micrometastatic lesions remain dormant and undetectable before initiating colonization is unclear. Here, we describe a mechanism involved in bone metastatic latency of oestrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer. Using an in vivo genome-wide short hairpin RNA screening, we identified the kinase MSK1 as an important regulator of metastatic dormancy in breast cancer. In patients with ER+ breast cancer, low MSK1 expression associates with early metastasis...
February 2018: Nature Cell Biology
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