keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DHR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069423/identification-and-characterization-of-pyrokinin-and-capa-peptides-and-corresponding-gpcrs-from-spotted-wing-drosophila-drosophila-suzukii
#1
Man-Yeon Choi, Seung-Joon Ahn, A Young Kim, Youngho Koh
The family of FXPRLamide peptides serves as a major insect hormone. It is characterized by a core active amino acid sequence conserved at the C-terminal ends, and provides various physiological roles across the Insecta. In this study we identified and characterized pyrokinin (PK) and Capa cDNAs encoding two FXPRLamide peptides, pyrokinin and CAPA-DH (diapause hormone), and two corresponding G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) from spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii. Expressions of PK and CAPA mRNAs were differentially observed during all life stages except the embryo, and the detection of CAPA transcription was relatively strong compared with the PK gene in SWD...
January 6, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992310/a-kinetic-study-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-rainbow-trout-hepatocytes-by-fluorometry
#2
Mazyar Yazdani, Ketil Hylland
The kinetics of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation in a primary culture of rainbow trout hepatocytes was investigated using three fluorescent probes: 5-,6-chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (CM-H2DCFDA), dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR 123), and dihydroethidium (DHE). The cell cultures were loaded with the three probes, separately. Hepatocytes were then exposed to Cu (0.15-10 mM) in serum-free Leibovitz's medium for 30 min before being quantified by a fluorescence plate reader during 30 min...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986623/one-year-incidence-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-cohort-study-with-linkage-of-the-danish-hip-arthroplasty-register-and-danish-microbiology-databases
#3
P H Gundtoft, A B Pedersen, H C Schønheyder, J K Møller, S Overgaard
OBJECTIVE: To examine the trend of Prosthetic Joint Infections (PJI) following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and the antimicrobial resistance of the bacteria causing these infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified a population-based cohort of patients in the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register (DHR) who had primary THA and received their surgery in Jutland or Funen between 2005 and 2014. We followed the patients until revision, emigration, death, or up to 1-year of follow-up...
December 13, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978482/sensitivity-of-the-green-algae-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-to-gamma-radiation-photosynthetic-performance-and-ros-formation
#4
Tânia Gomes, Li Xie, Dag Brede, Ole-Christian Lind, Knut Asbjørn Solhaug, Brit Salbu, Knut Erik Tollefsen
The aquatic environment is continuously exposed to ionizing radiation from both natural and anthropogenic sources, making the characterization of ecological and health risks associated with radiation of large importance. Microalgae represent the main source of biomass production in the aquatic ecosystem, thus becoming a highly relevant biological model to assess the impacts of gamma radiation. However, little information is available on the effects of gamma radiation on microalgal species, making environmental radioprotection of this group of species challenging...
December 5, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960170/classification-of-drug-hypersensitivity-into-allergic-p-i-and-pseudo-allergic-forms
#5
Werner J Pichler, Oliver Hausmann
Drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) are clinically and functionally heterogeneous. Different subclassifications based on timing of symptom appearance or type of immune mechanism have been proposed. Here, we show that the mode of action of drugs leading to immune/inflammatory cell stimulation is a further decisive factor in understanding and managing DHR. Three mechanisms can be delineated: (a) some drugs have or gain the ability to bind covalently to proteins, form new antigens, and thus elicit immune reactions to hapten-carrier complexes (allergic/immune reaction); (b) a substantial part of immune-mediated DHR is due to a typical off-target activity of drugs on immune receptors like HLA and TCR (pharmacological interaction with immune receptors, p-i reactions); such p-i reactions are linked to severe DHR; and (c) symptoms of DHR can also appear if the drug stimulates or inhibits receptors or enzymes of inflammatory cells (pseudo-allergy)...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940704/planned-birth-before-39-weeks-and-child-development-a-population-based-study
#6
Jason P Bentley, Christine L Roberts, Jenny R Bowen, Andrew J Martin, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of gestational age and mode of birth with early child development. METHODS: Population-based record linkage cohort study was conducted among 153 730 live-born infants of ≥32 weeks' gestation with developmental assessments at school age, in New South Wales, Australia, 2002 to 2007. Children were assessed in 5 domains: physical health and well-being, language and cognition, social competence, emotional maturity, and general knowledge and communication...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924138/the-effects-of-a-multi-ingredient-supplement-on-markers-of-muscle-damage-and-inflammation-following-downhill-running-in-females
#7
Jessica L Köhne, Michael J Ormsbee, Andrew J McKune
BACKGROUND: The effects of a multi-ingredient performance supplement (MIPS) on markers of inflammation and muscle damage, perceived soreness and lower limb performance are unknown in endurance-trained female athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of MIPS (NO-Shotgun®) pre-loaded 4 weeks prior to a single-bout of downhill running (DHR) on hsC-Reactive Protein (hsCRP), interleukin (IL)-6, creatine kinase (CK), muscle soreness, lower limb circumferences and performance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869287/dexmedetomidine-for-attenuating-haemodynamic-response-to-intubation-stimuli-in-morbidly-obese-patients-anaesthetised-using-low-opioid-technique-comparison-with-fentanyl-based-general-anaesthesia
#8
Tomasz Gaszyński, Klaudia Czarnik, Łukasz Łaziński, Wojciech Gaszyński
BACKGROUND: Anaesthesiologists are facing the problem of an increasing population of morbidly obese patients. In order to minimize the risk of opioid-induced postoperative respiratory failure, the intraoperative administration of opioids should be reduced or replaced with other drugs. The purpose of this study was to compare haemodynamic response elicited by intubation in morbidly obese patients between two variants of anaesthesia induction: fentanylbased or low-opioid using dexmedetomidine...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829334/cellular-tests-for-the-evaluation-of-drug-hypersensitivity
#9
Adriana Ariza, Maria I Montañez, Tahia D Fernández, James R Perkins, C Mayorga
The diagnosis of drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) is complex, with many potential pitfalls. Although the use of clinical history and skin testing can be valuable, drug provocation testing (DPT) remains the gold standard for many DHR. However, DPT carries some potential risk and should not be performed for severe reactions. There is therefore a general consensus on the need for in vitro tests to achieve safe and accurate diagnosis of DHR. A range of in vitro approaches can be applied depending on the type of reaction and the immunological mechanism involved, i...
November 7, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822092/the-danish-hip-arthroplasty-register
#10
REVIEW
Per Hviid Gundtoft, Claus Varnum, Alma Becic Pedersen, Søren Overgaard
AIM OF DATABASE: The aim of the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register (DHR) is to continuously monitor and improve the quality of treatment of primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) in Denmark. STUDY POPULATION: The DHR is a Danish nationwide arthroplasty register established in January 1995. All Danish orthopedic departments - both public and private - report to the register, and registration is compulsory. MAIN VARIABLES: The main variables in the register include civil registration number, indication for primary and revision surgery, operation date and side, and postoperative complications...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822091/the-danish-heart-registry
#11
REVIEW
Cengiz Özcan, Knud Juel, Jens Flensted Lassen, Lene Mia von Kappelgaard, Poul Erik Mortensen, Gunnar Gislason
AIM: The Danish Heart Registry (DHR) seeks to monitor nationwide activity and quality of invasive diagnostic and treatment strategies in patients with ischemic heart disease as well as valvular heart disease and to provide data for research. STUDY POPULATION: All adult (≥15 years) patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting, and heart valve surgery performed across all Danish hospitals were included...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784245/desensitization-for-drug-hypersensitivity-to-chemotherapy-and-monoclonal-antibodies
#12
Rafael Bonamichi-Santos, Mariana Castells
Chemotherapies drugs and monoclonal antibodies are key components of the treatment of cancer patients and patients with chronic inflammatory conditions to provide increase in life expectancy and quality of life. Their increased use has lead to an increase in drugs hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) worldwide. DHR to those agents prevented their use and promoted the use of second line therapies to protect patients' hypersensitive reactions and anaphylaxis. Second line medications may not fully address the patients' medical condition and it is desirable to keep patients on first line therapy...
October 25, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682013/regulation-of-siglec-8-induced-intracellular-reactive-oxygen-species-production-and-eosinophil-cell-death-by-src-family-kinases
#13
Gen Kano, Bruce S Bochner, Nives Zimmermann
RATIONALE: Siglec-8 is a surface receptor predominantly expressed on human eosinophils where its ligation induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and cell death. Since Siglec-8 has intracellular tyrosine-based motifs, we hypothesized that Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved in ROS formation and cell death induced by Siglec-8 engagement. METHODS: Human peripheral blood eosinophils were purified and incubated with anti-Siglec-8 monoclonal antibodies (mAb, agonist), IL-5, and SFK pharmacological inhibitors...
February 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661392/resident-physician-duty-hour-requirements-what-does-the-public-think
#14
John J Mercuri, Neil E Okey, Raj J Karia, Richard H Gross, Joseph D Zuckerman
INTRODUCTION: To date, no study has reported on the public's opinion of orthopaedic resident duty-hour requirements (DHR). METHODS: A survey was administered to people in orthopaedic waiting rooms and at three senior centers. Responses were analyzed to evaluate seven domains: knowledge of duty hours; opinions about duty hours; attitudes regarding shift work; patient safety concerns; and the effects of DHRs on continuity of care, on resident training, and on resident professionalism...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658709/comparing-fluorescence-based-cell-free-assays-for-the-assessment-of-antioxidative-capacity-of-high-density-lipoproteins
#15
Fumiyoshi Tsunoda, Stefania Lamon-Fava, Katalin V Horvath, Ernst J Schaefer, Bela F Asztalos
BACKGROUND: Population studies have shown an inverse association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). HDL has different functions, including the ability to protect biological molecules from oxidation. Our aim was to evaluate the performance of two fluorescence-based assays in assessing the antioxidative capacity of HDL. METHODS: We compared the antioxidative capacity of HDL with the phospholipid 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCF) assay and the dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) assay in controls and in subjects at increased risk of CHD, including subjects with established CHD, and subjects with elevated plasma triglycerides (TG), serum amyloid A (SAA), or myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels...
September 22, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622481/successful-immune-reconstitution-by-means-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-a-colombian-patient-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#16
Yermis Carolina Rocha, Juan Álvaro López, Julio Cesar Orrego, Yadira Coll, Amado Karduss, Sergio Rosenzweig, José Luis Franco
INTRODUCTION: Chronic granulomatous disease is a primary immunodeficiency that results from mutations in proteins of the NADPH oxidase system that affect the microbicidal activity of phagocytes. Immune reconstitution by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is currently the only curative therapy for this disease.  OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and molecular characterization of a patient with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease and the successful immune reconstitution by means of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
June 3, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551239/drug-induced-exfoliative-dermatitis-state-of-the-art
#17
REVIEW
Mona-Rita Yacoub, Alvise Berti, Corrado Campochiaro, Enrico Tombetti, Giuseppe Alvise Ramirez, Andrea Nico, Elisabetta Di Leo, Paola Fantini, Maria Grazia Sabbadini, Eustachio Nettis, Giselda Colombo
Drug induced exfoliative dermatitis (ED) are a group of rare and severe drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR) involving skin and usually occurring from days to several weeks after drug exposure. Erythema multiforme (EM), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are the main clinical presentations of drug induced ED. Overall, T cells are the central player of these immune-mediated drug reactions. Here we provide a systematic review on frequency, risk factors, pathogenesis, clinical features and management of patients with drug induced ED...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514539/implementation-of-2011-duty-hours-regulations-through-a-workload-reduction-strategy-and-impact-on-residency-training
#18
Jonathon Thorp, Melissa Dattalo, Khalil G Ghanem, Colleen Christmas
BACKGROUND: Training programs have implemented the 2011 ACGME duty hour regulations (DHR) using "workload compression" (WLC) strategies, attempting to fit similar clinical responsibilities into fewer working hours, or workload reduction (WLR) approaches, reducing the number of patient encounters per trainee. Many have expressed concern that these strategies could negatively impact patient care and learner outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the medical knowledge and clinical impact of a WLR intervention in a single institution...
December 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504608/dedicator-of-cytokinesis-2-in-cell-signaling-regulation-and-disease-development
#19
Xia Guo, Shi-You Chen
Dedicator of cytokinesis 2 (DOCK2) is a CDM family protein containing DOCK homology region (DHR) -1 and DHR-2, Src-homology 3 (SH3) domain, and C-terminal polybasic amino acid cluster. The CDM family consists of 11 mammalian members and is classified into four subfamilies, the DOCK-A, -B, -C, and -D. DOCK2 is a member of DOCK-A subfamily and an atypical guanine exchange factor regulating the loading of GTP to activate Rac. It is primarily found in peripheral blood, spleen, and thymus and mainly expressed in lymphocytes and macrophages of various organs...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487446/thiol-oxidation-by-nitrosative-stress-cellular-localization-in-human-spermatozoa
#20
María E Cabrillana, Pamela Uribe, Juana V Villegas, Juan Álvarez, Raúl Sánchez, Miguel W Fornés
UNLABELLED: Peroxynitrite is a highly reactive nitrogen species and when it is generated at high levels it causes nitrosative stress, an important cause of impaired sperm function. High levels of peroxynitrite have been shown to correlate with decreased semen quality in infertile men. Thiol groups in sperm are mainly found in enzymes, antioxidant molecules, and structural proteins in the axoneme. Peroxynitrite primarily reacts with thiol groups of cysteine-containing proteins. Although it is well known that peroxynitrite oxidizes sulfhydryl groups in sperm, the subcellular localization of this oxidation remains unknown...
October 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
keyword
keyword
94008
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"