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Linagliptin AND sitagliptin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182722/hemoglobin-glycation-index-as-a-useful-predictor-of-therapeutic-responses-to-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Yu-Wei Chen, Jun-Sing Wang, Wayne H-H Sheu, Shih-Yi Lin, I-Te Lee, Yuh-Min Song, Chia-Po Fu, Chia-Lin Lee
INTRODUCTION: A high hemoglobin glycation index (HGI) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level are associated with greater inflammatory status, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors can suppress inflammation. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between HGI and the therapeutic effect of DPP-4 inhibitors. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study followed 468 patients with type 2 diabetes receiving DPP-4 inhibitor treatment for 1 year. Estimated HbA1c was calculated using a linear regression equation derived from another 2969 randomly extracted patients with type 2 diabetes based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177527/effects-of-linagliptin-on-human-immortalized-podocytes-a-cellular-system-to-study-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibition
#2
Gianluca Miglio, Giovanna Vitarelli, Thomas Klein, Elisa Benetti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dipeptidyl-peptidase (DPP)4 is expressed by resident renal cells, including glomerular cells. Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitors (gliptins) exert albuminuria lowering effects, but the role of renal DPP4 as a pharmacological target has not been elucidated. To better understand the actions of gliptins, the effects of linagliptin on behaviour of immortalized human podocytes and mesangial cells have been evaluated. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Expression of DPP4 was measured at both the mRNA and protein levels...
February 8, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166651/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitor-associated-risk-of-bleeding
#3
Md Motiur Rahman, Michael J Scalese, Richard A Hansen
BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve glycemic control, and sitagliptin has been associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events. In vivo data suggest reduced platelet activation, and aggregation may play a role, and therefore, increased bleeding risk is possible. OBJECTIVE: Comparatively assess bleeding risks associated with DPP-4 inhibitors against standard treatment. METHODS: Exploratory analyses of adverse event reports (AERs) from the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database (2004-2012 periods) were conducted...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097882/antidiabetic-agents-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-diseases
#4
Judy W M Cheng, Hisham A Badreldin, Dhiren K Patel, Snehal H Bhatt
This article reviews evidence of benefits and risk of antidiabetic agents in cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, with a focus on medications approved by the FDA since 2008. Peer-reviewed articles were identified from MEDLINE and Current Content database (both 1966 to October 1, 2016) using the search terms insulin, metformin, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, glyburide, glipizide, glimepiride, acarbose, miglitol, albiglutide, exenatide, liraglutide, lixisenatide, dulaglutide, pramlintide, meglitinide, alogliptin, linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, colesevalam, bromocriptine, mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure, (HF) and stroke...
January 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039605/pharmacokinetic-characteristics-and-clinical-efficacy-of-an-sglt2-inhibitor-plus-dpp-4-inhibitor-combination-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
André J Scheen
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) generally requires a combination of several pharmacological approaches to control hyperglycaemia. Combining a sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 inhibitor (SGLT2I, also known as gliflozin) and a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4I, also known as gliptin) appears to be an attractive strategy because of complementary modes of action. This narrative review analyzes the pharmacokinetics and clinical efficacy of different combined therapies with an SGLT2I (canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, ertugliflozin, ipragliflozin, luseogliflozin, tofogliflozin) and DPP-4I (linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, teneligliptin)...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000562/synchronized-fast-spe-and-uflc-methods-for-the-analyses-of-eight-antidiabetic-drugs-in-human-plasma
#6
Imran Ali, Kamlesh Dutta, A K Jain
The number of the diabetic patients is increasing rapidly globally. The treatment of these patients is a complex phenomenon due to the use of the different drugs. The present article reports a synchronized fast SPE-UFLC separation of eight antidiabetic drugs in human plasma. The separated drugs include metformin HCl, vildagliptin, gliclazide, linagliptin, sitagliptin, pioglitazone, glimepiride and repaglinide. The column used was Sunshell C18 (150 x 4.6 mm, 2.6 µm) with mobile phase of acetate buffer (0.05% TEA in 0...
December 20, 2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979881/an-update-on-the-gliptins
#7
(no author information available yet)
Progressive impairment of insulin secretion in people with type 2 diabetes leads to blood glucose concentrations worsening over time, often resulting in escalation of blood glucose lowering therapy.(1) In 2015/2016, more money was spent on dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors ('gliptins') than on any other class of antidiabetic drug except for insulins.(2) In 2008, we reviewed sitagliptin and vildagliptin.(3) Here, we briefly review three other DPP-4 inhibitors, saxagliptin (Onglyza-AstraZeneca), linagliptin (Trajenta-Boehringer Ingelheim) and ▼alogliptin (Vipidia-Takeda), and consider data from recent cardiovascular outcomes studies...
December 2016: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976813/evaluation-of-drug-efficacy-of-dpp-4-inhibitors-based-on-theoretical-analysis-with-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics
#8
Risa Takayanagi, Takumi Uchida, Koji Kimura, Yasuhiko Yamada
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are used clinically as therapeutic agents for treatment of diabetes. To determine the rate of DPP-4 inhibition induced by these inhibitors, we used pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters to theoretically examine the relationship between the rate of DPP-4 inhibition and clinical efficacy following administration of 4 different DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, vildagliptin, alogliptin, linagliptin) by focusing on the increase in level of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) induced by their administration...
December 15, 2016: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918671/dpp-4-inhibitor-treatment-in-chinese-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-meta-analysis
#9
Xiaoling Cai, Xueying Gao, Wenjia Yang, Yifei Chen, Lingli Zhou, Simin Zhang, Xueyao Han, Linong Ji
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the comprehensive clinical efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-4) inhibitors in Chinese type 2 diabetes patients and to evaluate whether there is a different response to treatment with different kinds of DPP-4 inhibitors in those patients. METHODS: Databases were systematically searched, and qualifying clinical studies of Chinese type 2 diabetes patients were included. RESULTS: A total of 30 studies were included...
December 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832184/comparative-binding-analysis-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-dpp-4-with-antidiabetic-drugs-an-ab-initio-fragment-molecular-orbital-study
#10
Sundaram Arulmozhiraja, Naoya Matsuo, Erika Ishitsubo, Seiji Okazaki, Hitoshi Shimano, Hiroaki Tokiwa
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) enzyme is responsible for the degradation of incretins that stimulates insulin secretion and hence inhibition of DPP-4 becomes an established approach for the treatment of type 2 diabetics. We studied the interaction between DPP-4 and its inhibitor drugs (sitagliptin 1, linagliptin 2, alogliptin 3, and teneligliptin 4) quantitatively by using fragment molecular orbital calculations at the RI-MP2/cc-pVDZ level to analyze the inhibitory activities of the drugs. Apart from having common interactions with key residues, inhibitors encompassing the DPP-4 active site extensively interact widely with the hydrophobic pocket by their hydrophobic inhibitor moieties...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512877/efficacy-of-different-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-dpp-4-inhibitors-on-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-undergoing-dialysis
#11
Se Hee Park, Joo Young Nam, Eugene Han, Yong-Ho Lee, Byung-Wan Lee, Beom Seok Kim, Bong-Soo Cha, Chul Sik Kim, Eun Seok Kang
Hyperglycemia is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who are undergoing dialysis. Although dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have been widely used in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with T2DM, there are few studies on their efficacy in this population. We studied the effect of 3 different DPP-4 inhibitors on metabolic parameters in ESRD patients with T2DM.Two hundred ESRD patients with T2DM who were treated with DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, vildagliptin, or linagliptin) were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502495/systematic-literature-review-of-dpp-4-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-renal-impairment
#12
REVIEW
Merlin C Thomas, Päivi M Paldánius, Rajeev Ayyagari, Siew Hwa Ong, Per-Henrik Groop
INTRODUCTION: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are widely used in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and renal impairment (RI). A systematic literature review was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of DPP-4 inhibitors in patients with T2DM and RI. METHODS: We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (cut-off, June 2015) to identify ≥12-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trials on DPP-4 inhibitors in ≥50 patients with T2DM and RI...
September 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491279/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-initiating-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-a-retrospective-study-of-uk-general-practice
#13
Abigail Tebboth, Sally Lee, Anna Scowcroft, Paula Bingham-Gardiner, Will Spencer, John Bolodeoku, Syed Wasi Hassan
PURPOSE: The majority of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) will develop chronic kidney disease in their lifetime. Because most dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors require dose adjustment in patients with T2DM and renal impairment, we aimed to understand how these treatments are prescribed in UK clinical practice, and to determine whether recommended dose adjustments are being made at initial prescription. METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive cohort study analyzed data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD)...
August 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445264/dpp-4-inhibition-by-linagliptin-attenuates-obesity-related-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-by-regulating-m1-m2-macrophage-polarization
#14
Fen Zhuge, Yinhua Ni, Mayumi Nagashimada, Naoto Nagata, Liang Xu, Naofumi Mukaida, Shuichi Kaneko, Tsuguhito Ota
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) cleaves a large number of chemokine and peptide hormones involved in the regulation of the immune system. Additionally, DPP-4 may also be involved in macrophage-mediated inflammation and insulin resistance. Thus, the current study investigated the effect of linagliptin, an inhibitor of DPP-4, on macrophage migration and polarization in white adipose tissue (WAT) and liver of high-fat diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. DPP-4(+) macrophages in lean and obese mice were quantified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis...
October 2016: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372109/omarigliptin-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#15
REVIEW
Xueying Tan
Omarigliptin is a new once-weekly dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It is indicated to have favorable effects on glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting and postmeal plasma glucose. It potently but reversibly inhibits DPP-4 enzyme, which prolongs the circulating half-life of glucagon-like peptide-1 that increases insulin secretion in a glucose-dependent manner. Benefiting from glucose-dependent insulin secretion, omarigliptin is associated with low risk of hypoglycemia...
October 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356271/comparative-persistence-and-adherence-with-newer-anti-hyperglycemic-agents-to-treat-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#16
Jennifer Cai, Yuexi Wang, Onur Baser, Lin Xie, Wing Chow
OBJECTIVES: Non-adherence and non-persistence to anti-hyperglycemic agents are associated with worse clinical and economic outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. This study evaluated treatment persistence and adherence across newer anti-hyperglycemic agents (canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, sitagliptin, saxagliptin, linagliptin, liraglutide, or exenatide). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of Truven Health Analytics Marketscan databases included adult patients with type 2 diabetes whose first pharmacy claim for a newer anti-hyperglycemic agent was between February 1, 2014 and July 31, 2014...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249660/clinical-and-genetic-predictors-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitor-treatment-response-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Jazlina Liza Jamaluddin, Hasniza Zaman Huri, Shireene Ratna Vethakkan
AIM: To determine the clinical and genetic predictors of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor treatment response in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. PATIENTS & METHODS: DPP4, WFS1 and KCNJ11 gene polymorphisms were genotyped in a cohort study of 662 T2DM patients treated with DPP-4 inhibitors sitagliptin, vildagliptin or linagliptin. Genotyping was performed by Applied Biosystems TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. RESULTS: Patients with triglyceride levels less than 1...
June 2016: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190600/discovery-of-novel-tricyclic-heterocycles-as-potent-and-selective-dpp-4-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#18
Wen-Lian Wu, Jinsong Hao, Martin Domalski, Duane A Burnett, Dmitri Pissarnitski, Zhiqiang Zhao, Andrew Stamford, Giovanna Scapin, Ying-Duo Gao, Aileen Soriano, Terri M Kelly, Zuliang Yao, Mary Ann Powles, Shiying Chen, Hong Mei, Joyce Hwa
In our efforts to develop second generation DPP-4 inhibitors, we endeavored to identify distinct structures with long-acting (once weekly) potential. Taking advantage of X-ray cocrystal structures of sitagliptin and other DPP-4 inhibitors, such as alogliptin and linagliptin bound to DPP-4, and aided by molecular modeling, we designed several series of heterocyclic compounds as initial targets. During their synthesis, an unexpected chemical transformation provided a novel tricyclic scaffold that was beyond our original design...
May 12, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105869/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibition-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-potential-for-protection-against-diabetes-related-renal-injury
#19
REVIEW
G Penno, M Garofolo, S Del Prato
AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). About 20% of patients with T2DM have CKD of stage ≥ 3; up to 40% have some degree of CKD. Beyond targeting all renal risk factors together, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers are to date the only effective mainstay for the treatment of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Indeed, several potentially nephroprotective agents have been in use, which have been unsuccessful. Some glucose-lowering agents, including dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i), have shown promising results...
May 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038847/dpp-4-inhibitors-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-expectations-observations-and-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Enzo Bonora, Massimo Cigolini
AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the greatest burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in terms of morbility, mortality and costs for individuals and societies. Therefore, its prevention is a major goal in diabetes care. Optimal treatment of hyperglycemia is certainly instrumental to CVD prevention. Optimal treatment means both establishing the most appropriate glycemic target for the given individual and selecting the medication(s) with the most favourable benefit/safety ratio...
April 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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