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Gabriel Chain, Emma Marshall, Cathy Geddie, Sonia Joseph, Benjamin Chain, Claire Clark
Background and aims Learning from error can have a negative impact on the staff involved in the error ('second victim phenomenon'1 ). We created a project, based on the principles of the Learning from Excellence project,2 to learn from excellence and correct the imbalance of negative to positive feedback in the context of hospital practice. Methods and results Using a questionnaire, we surveyed staff on existing feedback mechanisms and morale. We then introduced a system where staff recorded and commented on examples of excellence in practice...
September 15, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
Nathan W Hudson, R Chris Fraley
Previous research has suggested that people's attachment styles influence memory processes. Most of this work has focused on the encoding and retrieval of information about events that actually took place. The purpose of the present research was to determine (a) whether attachment styles also predict memories for events that never occurred (false memories); (b) whether experimentally induced attachment anxiety leads to the generation of false memories for interpersonal experiences; and (c) whether these errors arise during encoding, maintenance, or retrieval processes...
October 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Interpersonal emotion regulation: Implications for affiliation, perceived support, relationships, and well-being" by W. Craig Williams, Sylvia A. Morelli, Desmond C. Ong and Jamil Zaki ( Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 2018[Aug], Vol 115[2], 224-254). In the article, there were several errors in Appendices A and B. The formatting of Appendix A rendered it inaccessible to the reader, the volume and page range for the Williams et al. citation was not updated to reflect final publication information, and two e-mail addresses were not correct...
October 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Hila Yariv, David Dvir
INTRODUCTION: The importance of correcting medication errors at hospital admission is paramount for promoting error-free delivery and continuity of care. Recently stakeholders have paid considerable attention to patient safety in acute-care hospitals but less is known about discrepancies and medication errors during patients` admission in other health care settings, such as post-acute care providers. An increased understanding of errors that occur in rehabilitation hospitals, would better equip stakeholders in taking actions to improve the safety of patient care in this unique setting...
September 2018: Harefuah
Aviah Gvion, Michal Biran, Frida Shemesh
INTRODUCTION: The lexical retrieval model describes the process of naming - from the level of an abstract concept representation to the production of the word. Lexical retrieval includes several distinct levels. A deficit in any of these levels causes anomia, a naming deficit, and deficits in different levels cause different types of anomia. AIMS: To examine whether the theoretical model can be applied in the clinic. Namely, whether it is possible to identify, for a specific patient, the exact impaired lexical retrieval level, and to show that different patients are impaired in different levels...
September 2018: Harefuah
Haiying Shen, Kiyoon Kim, Yoojung Oh, Kyung Sik Yoon, Hyung Hwan Baik, Sung Soo Kim, Joohun Ha, Insug Kang, Wonchae Choe
Following the publication of the above article and a Corrigendum published in July 2018, the authors have noted an additional error, associated with the presentation of Fig. 1C. Fig 1C showed that β‑N‑methylamino‑L‑alanine induces neuronal apoptotic cell death; however, an error was made in the compilation of this figure and an incorrect band image was selected for α‑actinin, the loading control panel for Fig. 1C. A corrected version of Fig. 1 is shown opposite, incorporating the correct α‑actinin protein bands in Fig...
September 12, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Guangdi Li, Rudan Zhou, Xueling Zhao, Riguang Liu, Chuan Ye
In the above paper, the authors realize that an error inadvertently appeared in the funding section on p. 895. Where "This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Science Fund Project (grant no. 30960389 and 8176010097)" was written, the application number 8176010097 was featured incorrectly: This should have been written as grant no. 81760030. Therefore, this sentence in the funding section should have read as follows: "This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Science Fund Project (grant nos...
August 27, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
YingLiang Ma, Mazen Alhrishy, Srinivas Ananth Narayan, Peter Mountney, Kawal S Rhode
PURPOSE: Catheters and guidewires are used extensively in cardiac catheterization procedures such as heart arrhythmia treatment (ablation), angioplasty and congenital heart disease treatment. Detecting their positions in fluoroscopic X-ray images is important for several clinical applications, for example, motion compensation, co-registration between 2D and 3D imaging modalities and 3D object reconstruction. METHODS: For the generalized framework, a multiscale vessel enhancement filter is first used to enhance the visibility of wire-like structures in the X-ray images...
September 16, 2018: Medical Physics
Alexandra Grimm, Heiko Meyer, Marcel D Nickel, Mathias Nittka, Esther Raithel, Oliver Chaudry, Andreas Friedberger, Michael Uder, Wolfgang Kemmler, Klaus Engelke, Harald H Quick
BACKGROUND: Changes in muscle fat composition as for example observed in sarcopenia or muscular dystrophy affect physical performance and muscular function, like strength and power. The purpose of the present study is to measure the repeatability of Dixon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing muscle volume and fat in the thigh. Furthermore, repeatability of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) for assessing muscle fat is determined. METHODS: A prototype 6-point Dixon MRI method was used to measure muscle volume and muscle proton density fat fraction (PDFF) in the left thigh...
September 16, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Hui Quan, Yi Xu, Yixin Chen, Lei Gao, Xun Chen
Patient recruitment is challenging in rare disease clinical trials. To save time and resources, an inferential seamless phase II/III clinical trial design is considered for a clinical trial in a rare disease area. In particular, 2 doses compared to a placebo control are evaluated at phase II (ie, stage I). Based on the results of a phase II intermediate endpoint, additional patients may be enrolled into the 2 doses and control, 1 selected dose and control, or none of the 3 treatment arms at stage II. All patients including those of unselected dose (s) will be followed for the measurements of the phase III (ie, stage II) primary and secondary endpoints and incorporated in the final analysis...
September 16, 2018: Pharmaceutical Statistics
Hermann Landry Munshili Njifon, Chavely Gwladys Monamele, Cyprien Kengne Nde, Marie-Astrid Vernet, Gake Bouba, Serges Tchatchouang, Mohamadou Njankouo Ripa, Raphaël Tapondjou, Louis Deweerdt, Wilfred Mbacham, Richard Njouom
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated the role of meteorological parameters in the seasonality of influenza viruses in tropical and subtropical regions, most importantly temperature, humidity and rainfall. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the influence of meteorological parameters in the seasonality of influenza viruses in Northern Cameroon, a region characterized by high temperatures. METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed in Garoua Cameroon from January 2014 to December 2016...
September 16, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Anežka Kotěrová, Jana Velemínská, Eugénia Cunha, Jaroslav Brůžek
The age-at-death estimation thresholds have recently been shifted towards a more objective assessment of the aging process. Such a non-subjective approach offers quantitative methods of age estimation; for instance, the method relating to the surfaces of pubic symphyses of males published by Stoyanova et al. (J Forensic Sci 62:1434-1444, 2017). A validation study was conducted to test the method performance in European samples. The sample consisted of 96 meshes of pubic symphyses of male individuals (known sex and age) that came from four different samples (two Portuguese collections, one Swiss, and one Crete)...
September 15, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Petter Mostad, Fredrik Tamsen
During 2014-2015, Sweden received asylum applications from more than 240,000 people, of which more than 40,000 were termed unaccompanied minors. In a large number of cases, claims by asylum seekers of being below 18 years were not trusted by Swedish authorities. To handle the situation, the Swedish national board of forensic medicine (Rättsmedicinalverket, RMV) was assigned by the government to create a centralized system for medical age assessments. RMV introduced a procedure including two biological age indicators; x-ray of the third molars and magnetic resonance imaging of the distal femoral epiphysis...
September 15, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Andrew D Jones, Hilary Creed-Kanashiro, Karl S Zimmerer, Stef de Haan, Miluska Carrasco, Krysty Meza, Gisella S Cruz-Garcia, Milka Tello, Franklin Plasencia Amaya, R Margot Marin, Lizette Ganoza
Background: The extent to and mechanisms by which agricultural biodiversity may influence diet diversity and quality among women are not well understood. Objectives: We aimed to 1) determine the association of farm-level agricultural biodiversity with diet diversity and quality among women of reproductive age in Peru and 2) determine the extent to which farm market orientation mediates or moderates this association. Methods: We surveyed 600 households with the use of stratified random sampling across 3 study landscapes in the Peruvian Andes with diverse agroecological and market conditions...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Karen Lindhardt Madsen, Nicolai Preisler, Jan Rasmussen, Gitte Hedermann, Jess Have Olesen, Allan Meldgaard Lund, John Vissing
Context: Primary Carnitine Deficiency (PCD) is an inborn error of fatty acid metabolism. PCD patients risk sudden heart failure upon fasting or illness if they are not treated with daily L-carnitine. Objective: To investigate energy metabolism during exercise in patients with PCD with and without L-carnitine treatment. Design: Interventional study. Setting: Hospital exercise laboratories and department of cardiology...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jeong Yeon Kim, Yeonhee Lee, Heeyeon Cho
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' outcomes, determine the prescriptions of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) that effectively reduce serum ammonia levels, and analyze the prognostic factors in neonates with hyperammonemia. METHODS: The medical records of 12 Korean neonates with inborn error of metabolism (IEM) who underwent CRRT for hyperammonemia were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: All patients received continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration...
September 14, 2018: Blood Purification
Erin M Bell, Edwina H Yeung, Wanli Ma, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Melissa M Smarr, Germaine M Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Novel methodologies to quantify infant exposures to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) for population-based studies are needed. OBJECTIVES: We used newborn dried blood spots to quantify three EDCs and their associations with infant outcomes in the Upstate KIDS Cohort. METHODS: We measured bisphenol A (BPA), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in 2071 singleton and 1040 twin infants born to mothers in New York State...
September 13, 2018: Environment International
Scott W Ducharme, Colleen J Sands, Christopher C Moore, Elroy J Aguiar, Joseph Hamill, Catrine Tudor-Locke
BACKGROUND: Step length and cadence (i.e., step frequency or steps/minute) maintain an invariant proportion across a range of walking speeds, known as the walk ratio (WR = step length/cadence). While step length is a difficult parameter to manipulate, cadence is readily modifiable using rhythmic auditory cuing (RAC; e.g., synchronizing step timing to a metronome or music tempo). RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of RAC-guided cadences on enacted cadence, step length, WR, and gait speed during overground walking...
September 10, 2018: Gait & Posture
Yuanyuan Wang, Heng Fan, Xiao Qi, Yaoliang Lai, Zhixiang Yan, Baiwen Li, Min Tang, Dawei Huang, Zhen Li, Hongjing Chen, Qingping Zhu, Chao Luo, Xuan Chen, Jin Fen, Zhengyan Jiang, Liang Zheng, Xingxing Liu, Qing Tang, Dongmei Zuo, Jingyi Ye, Yongqiang Yang, Huisuo Huang, Zongxiang Tang, Weimin Lu, Jun Xiao
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy and safety ofpersonalized tongxie formulas; to decrease type II errors to minimum. METHODS: Patients were randomized (1:1:1) into three groups given tongxie, placebo, or pinaverium 3 times daily for 4 weeks. Patients in the tongxie group were treated with personalized formulas based on TCM differential diagnosis, i.e., basic type of IBS, IBS due to liver depression and qi stagnation, excess heat in the liver, deficient spleen function, deficient kidney function, and others (groups 1-6)...
October 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
P Berzaghi, A Lotto, M Mancinelli, F Benozzo
A large portion of the cow's ration is composed of forages that can vary greatly in mineral concentrations, which may affect animal performance and health. Current methods for mineral analysis require sample destruction either through wet or dry ashing and complex analytical techniques for individual minerals. Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) is a nondestructive, multi-mineral, spectroscopy technique, which makes mineral quantification simple, direct, and affordable. The study objective was to evaluate the prediction performance of EDXRF of Na, Mg, P, S, Cl, Ca, K, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn concentrations in forages...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
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