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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231527/rapid-discrimination-and-determination-of-antibiotics-drugs-in-plastic-syringes-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-with-chemometric-analysis-application-to-amoxicillin-and-penicillin
#1
Laetitia Minh Mai Lê, Luc Eveleigh, Ikram Hasnaoui, Patrice Prognon, Arlette Baillet-Guffroy, Eric Caudron
The aim of this study was to investigate near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined to chemometric analysis to discriminate and quantify three antibiotics by direct measurement in plastic syringes.Solutions of benzylpenicillin (PENI), amoxicillin (AMOX) and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMOX/CLAV) were analyzed at therapeutic concentrations in glass vials and plastic syringes with NIR spectrometer by direct measurement. Chemometric analysis using partial least squares regression and discriminative analysis was conducted to develop qualitative and quantitative calibration models...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231500/silver-nanoparticle-embedded-graphene-oxide-methotrexate-for-targeted-cancer-treatment
#2
Raj Kumar Thapa, Jae Hee Kim, Jee-Heon Jeong, Beom Soo Shin, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Combination therapies are widely investigated cancer treatment modalities. Carbon based systems such as graphene oxide (GO), plasmonic nanoparticles such as silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), and the folate analog, methotrexate (MTX), have been separately studied for their potential anticancer effects. In this study, we combined these systems to develop AgNPs-embedded GO with conjugated MTX (MTX-GO/AgNPs) and studied their folate receptor-targeted anticancer effects. Results revealed successful formation of AgNPs on GO along with MTX conjugation as suggested by UV/visible, TEM, AFM, FTIR, and XRD analysis...
February 13, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228285/mass-spectrometry-profiling-of-hla-associated-peptidomes-in-mono-allelic-cells-enables-more-accurate-epitope-prediction
#3
Jennifer G Abelin, Derin B Keskin, Siranush Sarkizova, Christina R Hartigan, Wandi Zhang, John Sidney, Jonathan Stevens, William Lane, Guang Lan Zhang, Thomas M Eisenhaure, Karl R Clauser, Nir Hacohen, Michael S Rooney, Steven A Carr, Catherine J Wu
Identification of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-bound peptides by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is poised to provide a deep understanding of rules underlying antigen presentation. However, a key obstacle is the ambiguity that arises from the co-expression of multiple HLA alleles. Here, we have implemented a scalable mono-allelic strategy for profiling the HLA peptidome. By using cell lines expressing a single HLA allele, optimizing immunopurifications, and developing an application-specific spectral search algorithm, we identified thousands of peptides bound to 16 different HLA class I alleles...
February 21, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228012/investigation-of-thermally-induced-cellular-ablation-and-heat-response-triggered-by-planar-mos2-based-nanocomposite
#4
Shinya Ariyasu, Jing Mu, Xiao Zhang, Ying Huang, Edwin K L Yeow, Hua Zhang, Bengang Xing
In comparison to conventional tumor treatment methods, photothermal therapy (PTT) is one of the innovative therapeutic strategies that employs light to produce the localized heat for targeted ablation of cancer cells. Among various kinds of heat generation nanomaterials, transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets, especially-molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) have recently been investigated as one of the promising PTT candidates because of their strong absorbance in the near-infrared (NIR) tissue transparency window and excellent photothermal conversion capability...
February 23, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227950/designing-and-testing-a-wearable-wireless-fnirs-patch
#5
Mohammadreza Abtahi, Gozde Cay, Manob Jyoti Saikia, Kunal Mankodiya, Mohammadreza Abtahi, Gozde Cay, Manob Jyoti Saikia, Kunal Mankodiya, Manob Jyoti Saikia, Kunal Mankodiya, Gozde Cay, Mohammadreza Abtahi
Optical brain monitoring using near infrared (NIR) light has got a lot of attention in order to study the complexity of the brain due to several advantages as oppose to other methods such as EEG, fMRI and PET. There are a few commercially available functional NIR spectroscopy (fNIRS) brain monitoring systems, but they are still non-wearable and pose difficulties in scanning the brain while the participants are in motion. In this work, we present our endeavors to design and test a low-cost, wireless fNIRS patch using NIR light sources at wavelengths of 770 and 830nm, photodetectors and a microcontroller to trigger the light sources, read photodetector's output and transfer data wirelessly (via Bluetooth) to a smart-phone...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227148/towards-a-multi-wavelength-spectroscopy-platform-for-blood-characterization-and-analysis
#6
Alireza Avakh Kisomi, Hamza Landari, Mounir Boukadoum, Amine Miled, Benoit Gosselin, Alireza Avakh Kisomi, Hamza Landari, Mounir Boukadoum, Amine Miled, Benoit Gosselin, Hamza Landari, Benoit Gosselin, Amine Miled, Mounir Boukadoum
Passing multiple light wavelengths through a blood sample makes it possible to investigate the presence and composition of cells, metabolytes and analytes such as blood cells, glucose, lactate and oxygen, providing valuable indications for diagnostic and health monitoring. In this paper, we present a test prototype of a multi-wavelength blood spectroscopy platform integrated with a microfluidic substrate to collect and convey blood samples through a series of micro-LEDs and a photo-detector. This spectroscopy platform is a proof of concept for a system that can collect absorbance and transmittance parameters of blood samples at several wavelengths within the visible and NIR spectrum, and transmit them wirelessly to a base station for real-time calculation and analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226764/analytical-approach-to-the-temporal-changes-in-nirs-signals-to-separate-hemodynamic-change-from-brain-activity
#7
K Fukuda, H Takemoto, A Ikeda, K Fukuda, H Takemoto, A Ikeda, K Fukuda, H Takemoto, A Ikeda
In brain function measurements by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), we focus on the temporal changes in the oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin concentrations and propose an analytical approach to the temporal changes of the hemoglobin concentrations' cross-correlation coefficient in the brain functional signals. The cross-correlation coefficient between the oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin concentrations shows negative values for brain activity and positive values for hemodynamic changes. Experiments with a 16-channel functional NIRS system show that our proposed approach clarifies the interpretation of the measured NIRS signals and it can be used to estimate the influence of hemodynamic change on brain activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226192/carbazole-linked-nir-aza-bodipy-dyes-as-triplet-sensitizers-and-photoacoustic-contrast-agents-for-deep-tissue-imaging
#8
Nagaiyan Sekar, Ramaiah D, Yogesh Gawale, Adarsh N, Joseph J, M Pramanik, S K Kalva
Four novel N-ethylcarbazole linked aza-BODIPY dyes (8a-b and 9a-b) were synthesized and characterized. The presence of N-ethylcarbazole moiety shifts their absorption and fluorescence spectra to the near-infrared region, ca. 650-730 nm, of electromagnetic spectra. These dyes possess strong molar absorptivity in the range of 3-4 x 104 M-1cm-1 with low fluorescence quantum yields. The triplet excited state as well as singlet oxygen generation of these dyes were enhanced upon iodination at the core position. The core iodinated dyes 9a-b showed excellent triplet quantum yield of ca...
February 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225447/environmental-market-factors-associated-with-electronic-health-record-adoption-among-cancer-hospitals
#9
Will L Tarver, Nir Menachemi
BACKGROUND: Although recent literature has explored the relationship between various environmental market characteristics and the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) among general, acute care hospitals, no such research currently exists for specialty hospitals, including those providing cancer care. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between market characteristics and the adoption of EHRs among Commission on Cancer (CoC)-accredited hospitals...
February 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225268/structure-and-characterization-of-a-zero-dimensional-alkali-tin-dihalides-compound-cs3sn3f2cl7-with-the-sn2f2cl4-2-clusters
#10
Pifu Gong, Siyang Luo, Ke Xiao, Qian Huang, Yi Yang, Hongwei Huang, Yicheng Wu, Chuangtian Chen, Zheshuai Lin
A new perovskite stoichiometric alkali tin dihalides compound, Cs3Sn3F2Cl7, is synthesized by a hydrothermal method. This compound belongs to the monoclinic space group of P21/c with cell parameters of a = 9.5645(4) Å, b = 14.2057(7) Å, c = 13.5828(6) Å, and β = 93.2450(10)°. Unlike the common perovskites in which octahedra are interconnected to be a three-dimensional network, Cs3Sn3F2Cl7 possesses a zero-dimensional structure consisting of Cs(+) cations, isolated [SnCl3](-) trigonal pyramids, and dimer structural units [Sn2F2Cl4](2-); the latter microscopic unit is found for the first time...
February 22, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225218/synthesis-of-n-n-dialkylamino-nor-dihydroxanthene-hemicyanine-fused-near-infrared-fluorophores-and-their-first-water-soluble-and-or-bioconjugatable-analogues
#11
Jean-Alexandre Richard, Michelle Jui Hsien Ong, Sylvain Debieu, Mathieu Moreau, Anthony Romieu
The effective synthesis of extended conjugated N,N-dialkylamino-nor-dihydroxanthene-based fluorophores is described from diversely functionalized salicylic aldehydes. The access to these original fluorescent derivatives proceeded in two steps through a one-pot construction of the unusual nor-dihydroxanthene (nor-DHX) scaffold followed by a diversification step providing a wide variety of nor-DHX-hemicyanine fused dyes emitting in the range 730-790 nm. The versatility of our approach has enabled a further extension to the late-stage introduction of negatively/positively charged polar groups onto their terminal nitrogen heterocyclic subunit giving access to the first water-soluble and/or bioconjugatable members of this emerging class of NIR fluorophores...
February 22, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225114/the-new-supramolecular-nano-aggregate-curcumin-cucurbit-7-uril-synthesis-photophysical-properties-and-biocompatibility-evaluation
#12
Leandro Araújo de Azevedo, Leonis Lourenço da Luz, Jamylle Nunes de Souza Ferro, Emiliano Barreto, Ricardo Oliveira Silva, Severino Alves, Iane Bezerra Vasconcelos Alves
The supramolecular nano-aggregate CUR-CB[7] (CUR = curcumin and CB[7] = cucurbit[7]uril) was efficiently prepared by mixing CUR and CB[7] at a molar ratio of 1 : 1 in ethanol at room temperature. The supramolecular aggregate formation was evidenced by mainly FTIR, (1)H NMR, DOSY and spectroscopy experiments. The supramolecular arrangement promotes the increase in the solubility and stability of CUR without affecting the biological properties of the A549 cells. The luminescence properties of CUR and CUR-CB[7] show anti-Kasha's rule fluorescence, and their remarkable NIR emission enables this material to be used as a luminescent probe and marker for in vivo tracking and structural integrity monitoring of the supramolecular complex...
February 22, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224907/multi-block-data-analysis-using-comdim-for-the-evaluation-of-complex-samples-characterization-of-edible-oils
#13
Larissa Naida Rosa, Luana Caroline de Figueiredo, Elton Guntendorfer Bonafé, Aline Coqueiro, Jesuí Vergílio Visentainer, Paulo Henrique Março, Douglas N Rutledge, Patrícia Valderrama
The ComDim chemometrics method for multi-block analysis was employed to evaluate thirty-two vegetable oil samples analyzed by near infrared (NIR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, and by Gas Chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) for their fatty acids composition. This unsupervised pattern recognition method was able to extract information from the tables of results that could be presented in informative graphs showing the relationship between the samples through the scores, the predominance of information in particular tables through the saliences and the contribution of the variables in each table which were responsible for the similarities observed in the samples, through the loadings plots...
April 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224903/in%C3%A2-vivo-near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging-of-amyloid-%C3%AE-plaques-with-a-dicyanoisophorone-based-probe
#14
Jia-Ying Zhu, Lin-Fu Zhou, Yu-Kun Li, Shuo-Bin Chen, Jin-Wu Yan, Lei Zhang
A dicyanoisophorone-based probe with two-photon absorption and NIR emission was developed for the in vivo fluorescence imaging of amyloid-β plaques, which exhibited high selectivity toward Aβ aggregates over other intracellular proteins. The detection limit was calculated to be as low as 109 nM. In vivo imaging studies indicated that the probe could penetrate the blood-brain barrier and label Aβ plaques in the living transgenic mice, and its specific binding to cerebral Aβ plaques was further confirmed by one- and two-photon ex vivo fluorescence imaging...
April 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224711/ratiometric-photoacoustic-molecular-imaging-for-methylmercury-detection-in-living-subjects
#15
Yi Liu, Sheng Wang, Ying Ma, Jing Lin, Hai-Yan Wang, Yueqing Gu, Xiaoyuan Chen, Peng Huang
Photoacoustic molecular imaging is an emerging and promising diagnostic tool for heavy metal ions detection. Methylmercury (MeHg(+) ) is one of the most potent neurotoxins, which damages the brain and nervous system of human beings through fish consumption. The development of a selective and sensitive method for MeHg(+) detection is highly desirable. In this Communication, we develope a chemoselective photoacoustic sensor (LP-hCy7) composed of the liposome (LP) and MeHg(+) -responsive near-infrared (NIR) cyanine dye (hCy7) for MeHg(+) detection within living subjects, such as zebrafish and mouse...
February 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224248/vis-nir-spectroscopy-with-moving-window-pls-method-applied-to-rapid-analysis-of-whole-blood-viscosity
#16
Jiemei Chen, Zhiwei Yin, Yi Tang, Tao Pan
A rapid analytical method of human whole blood viscosity with low, medium, and high shear rates [WBV(L), WBV(M), and WBV(H), respectively] was developed using visible and near-infrared (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy combined with a moving-window partial least squares (MW-PLS) method. Two groups of peripheral blood samples were collected for modeling and validation. Separate analytical models were established for male and female groups to avoid interference in different gender groups and improve the homogeneity and prediction accuracy...
February 21, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224152/charge-transfer-complexes-of-metal-free-phthalocyanine-radical-anions-with-decamethylmetallocenium-cations-cp-2co-h2pc%C3%AB-%C3%A2-solvent-and-cp-2cr-h2pc%C3%AB-%C3%A2-4c6h4cl2
#17
Dmitri V Konarev, Salavat S Khasanov, Manabu Ishikawa, Akihiro Otsuka, Hideki Yamochi, Gunzi Saito, Rimma N Lyubovskaya
Charge transfer complexes (Cp*2Co(+))(H2Pc˙(-))·0.5C6H4Cl2·0.7C6H5CN·0.3C6H14 (1) and (Cp*2Cr(+))(H2Pc˙(-))·4C6H4Cl2 (2) have been obtained as single crystals. Both complexes contain metal-free phthalocyanine (Pc) radical anions and decamethylmetallocenium cations. Reduction of the Pc macrocycle leads to the appearance of new bands at 1026-1030 nm in the NIR range and blue shifts of both Soret and Q-bands of H2Pc in the spectra of 1 and 2. The geometry of the Pc macrocycles supports the formation of H2Pc˙(-) by the alternation of shorter and longer C-N(imine) bonds in the macrocycles in 2...
February 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221751/molecular-engineering-and-design-of-semiconducting-polymer-dots-with-narrow-band-near-infrared-emission-for-in-vivo-biological-imaging
#18
Chi-Shiang Ke, Chia-Chia Fang, Jia-Ying Yan, Po-Jung Tseng, Joseph R Pyle, Chuan-Pin Chen, Shu-Yi Lin, Jixin Chen, Xuanjun Zhang, Yang-Hsiang Chan
This article describes the design and synthesis of donor-bridge-acceptor-based semiconducting polymer dots (Pdots) that exhibit narrow-band emissions, ultrahigh brightness, and large Stokes shifts in the near-infrared (NIR) region. We systematically investigated the effect of π-bridges on the fluorescence quantum yields of the donor-bridge-acceptor-based Pdots. The Pdots could be excited by a 488 or 532 nm laser and have a high fluorescence quantum yield of 33% with a Stokes shift of more than 200 nm. The emission full width at half-maximum of the Pdots can be as narrow as 29 nm, about 2...
February 23, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221715/hybrid-nanoparticle-pyramids-for-intracellular-dual-micrornas-biosensing-and-bioimaging
#19
Si Li, Liguang Xu, Maozhong Sun, Xiaoling Wu, Liqiang Liu, Hua Kuang, Chuanlai Xu
This study strategically fabricates multifunctional nanopyramids to allow the ultrasensitive quantification of dual microRNAs (miR-203(b) and miR-21) in living cells and their responsive bioimaging in vivo. The nanopyramids, composed of Au-Cu9 S5 nanoparticles (NPs), upconversion NPs (UCNPs), and Ag2 S NPs, emit two luminescent signals simultaneously with excitation at 808 nm, arising from the UCNPs at 541 nm in the visible region and from the Ag2 S NPs at 1227 nm in the second window of near-infrared (NIR-II) region...
February 21, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221018/low-efficiency-upconversion-nanoparticles-for-high-resolution-coalignment-of-near-infrared-and-visible-light-paths-on-a-light-microscope
#20
Sriramkumar Sundaramoorthy, Adrian Garcia Badaracco, Sophia M Hirsch, Jun Hong Park, Tim Davies, Julien Dumont, Mimi Shirasu-Hiza, Andrew C Kummel, Julie C Canman
The combination of near-infrared (NIR) and visible wavelengths in light microscopy for biological studies is increasingly common. For example, many fields of biology are developing the use of NIR for optogenetics, in which an NIR laser induces a change in gene expression and/or protein function. One major technical barrier in working with both NIR and visible light on an optical microscope is obtaining their precise coalignment at the imaging plane position. Photon upconverting particles (UCPs) can bridge this gap as they are excited by NIR light but emit in the visible range via an anti-Stokes luminescence mechanism...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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