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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906510/thermohydrogel-containing-melanin-for-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#1
Miri Kim, Hyun Soo Kim, Min Ah Kim, Hyanghwa Ryu, Hwan-Jeong Jeong, Chang-Moon Lee
Melanin is an effective absorber of light and can extend to near infrared (NIR) regions. In this study, a natural melanin is presented as a photothermal therapeutic agent (PTA) because it provides a good photothermal conversion efficiency, shows biodegradability, and does not induce long-term toxicity during retention in vivo. Poloxamer solution containing melanin (Pol-Mel) does not show any precipitation and shows sol-gel transition at body temperature. After irradiation from 808 nm NIR laser at 1.5 W cm(-2) for 3 min, the photothermal conversion efficiency of Pol-Mel is enough to kill cancer cells in vitro and in vivo...
December 1, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904414/near-infrared-spectroscopic-analysis-of-total-phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-activity-of-berry-fruits
#2
Jasenka Gajdoš Kljusurić, Kiril Mihalev, Ivana Bečić, Ivana Polović, Mariya Georgieva, Senka Djaković, Želimir Kurtanjek
This study evaluates the feasibility of using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid and environmentally friendly technique for validation and prediction of the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity (AOA) indices (as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, inhibition time (IT) of the Briggs-Rauscher oscillating reaction, and relative antioxidant capacity (RAC)) of berry fruit extracts. The analysed berry samples originated from Croatia (blackberries, wild blueberries, raspberries, red currants and strawberries) and Bulgaria (wild blueberries, raspberries and strawberries)...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903207/direct-cerebral-perfusion-and-cooling-in-experimental-cardiac-arrest
#3
Rinaldo Bellomo, Bruno Marino, Peter Angelopoulos, Scott Carson, Glenn Eastwood, Junko Kosaka, Naoya Iguchi, Andrew Hilton, Clive May
BACKGROUND: Cerebral protection is a key priority during cardiac arrest (CA). However, current approaches are suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: To test whether direct perfusion and cooling of the anterior cerebral circulation by means of cerebral vessel cannulation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) increases cerebral oxygenation and induces cerebral hypothermia during CA. METHODS: We performed proof-of-concept animal experiments in sheep...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902935/g-quadruplex-fluorescence-sensing-by-core-extended-naphthalene-diimides
#4
Michela Zuffo, Filippo Doria, Silvia Botti, Greta Bergamaschi, Mauro Freccero
BACKGROUND: Fluorescent sensing of G-quadruplex nucleic acids (G4s) is an effective strategy to elucidate their role in vitro and in vivo. Small molecule ligands have often been exploited, producing an emission light up upon binding. Naphthalene diimides (NDIs), although potent G4 binders exhibiting red-NIR fluorophores, have only been marginally exploited, as they are usually quenched upon binding. Contrary, aggregating core-extended naphthalene diimides (cex-NDIs) proved to be effective probes...
November 27, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901278/surgery-for-women-with-anterior-compartment-prolapse
#5
REVIEW
Christopher Maher, Benjamin Feiner, Kaven Baessler, Corina Christmann-Schmid, Nir Haya, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: To minimise the rate of recurrent prolapse after traditional native tissue repair (anterior colporrhaphy), clinicians have utilised a variety of surgical techniques. OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and effectiveness of surgery for anterior compartment prolapse. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register, including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE In Process (23 August 2016), handsearched journals and conference proceedings (15 February 2016) and searched trial registers (1 August 2016)...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899431/monitoring-process-water-quality-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-partial-least-squares-regression-with-prediction-uncertainty-estimation
#6
Peter B Skou, Thilo A Berg, Stina D Aunsbjerg, Dorrit Thaysen, Morten A Rasmussen, Frans van den Berg
Reuse of process water in dairy ingredient production-and food processing in general-opens the possibility for sustainable water regimes. Membrane filtration processes are an attractive source of process-water recovery since the technology is already utilized in the dairy industry and its use is expected to grow considerably. At Arla Foods Ingredients (AFI), permeate from a reverse osmosis polisher filtration unit is sought to be reused as process water, replacing the intake of potable water. However, as for all dairy and food producers, the process-water quality must be monitored continuously to ensure food safety...
November 29, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899044/folic-acid-modified-and-functionalized-cus-nanocrystal-based-nanoparticles-for-combined-tumor-chemo-and-photothermal-therapy
#7
Zhu Xiali, Yingjie Zhang, Heqing Huang, Huijuan Zhang, Lin Hou, Zhenzhong Zhang
Recent studies have identified that CuS nanocrystal (CuS NCs) could be used as a new class of promising photo-thermal agents due to their excellent plasmonic absorption abilities in a wide near-infrared (NIR) region. However, most of nanocarriers lack target capacity for combining chemotherapy and photothermal therapy effects. Herein, we reported chitosan (CS)-encapsulated and folic acid (FA)-modified nanoparticles (NPs) simultaneously loading with functionalized CuS NCs and docetaxel (DTX) (FA-DTX-PVP/CuS-NPs)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898667/does-group-size-matter-for-behavior-in-online-trust-dilemmas
#8
Sabrina Artinger, Nir Vulkan
How does group size influence behavior in online trust dilemmas? We investigate cooperation in groups of 4 to 100 players. While overall levels of cooperation are stable across group sizes, we find significant gender differences: women increase cooperation with group size and cooperate significantly more than men in large groups. These results are robust when controlling for risk aversion, age, and other individual differences. They highlight the importance of studying behavior and gender differences in large groups...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897297/facile-one-pot-synthesis-of-fe3o4-chitosan-nanospheres-for-mri-and-fluorescence-imaging-guided-chemo-photothermal-combinational-cancer-therapy
#9
Zhifang Gao, Xijian Liu, Yeying Wang, Guoying Deng, Feng Zhou, Qian Wang, Lijuan Zhang, Jie Lu
Multifunctional nanoplatforms that integrate imaging and chemo-photothermal therapy for highly efficient cancer diagnostics and therapeutics have gained great interest in recent years. Herein, we designed and synthesized biodegradable and biocompatible magnetic chitosan nanospheres (Fe3O4@CS) by a facile one-pot synthesis method. Doxorubicin (DOX, an anticancer drug) and indocyanine green (ICG) can be co-loaded into the Fe3O4@CS nanospheres (Fe3O4@CS-ICG/DOX nanocomposites) by virtue of the mesoporous structure and electrostatic interactions of CS...
November 29, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896517/surgical-resection-of-cerebral-metastases-leads-to-faster-resolution-of-peritumoral-edema-than-stereotactic-radiosurgery-a-volumetric-analysis
#10
Nir Shimony, Ben Shofty, Carmit Ben Harosh, Razi Sitt, Zvi Ram, Rachel Grossman
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) are well-established treatment options for selected patients with oligo-brain metastases (BMs). The dynamics of edema resolution with each treatment method have not been well characterized. METHODS: Of 389 patients treated for BMs between 2012 and 2014, this study retrospectively identified 107 patients (150 metastases) who underwent either surgery or SRS as a single treatment method for BMs. The two groups of patients were matched for clinical parameters...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896397/potential-of-vis-nir-spectroscopy-to-monitor-the-silica-precipitation-reaction
#11
Maud Rey-Bayle, Ryad Bendoula, Serge Henrot, Kilani Lamiri, Franck Baco-Antoniali, Noémie Caillol, Alexia Gobrecht, Jean-Michel Roger
Controlling production online is an important issue for chemical companies. Visible and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy offers a number of important advantages for process monitoring, and has been used since the 1980s. For complex media such as silica precipitation samples, it is interesting to be able to study independently the scattering and absorption effects. From the scattering coefficient it is possible to extract information on the physical structure of the medium. In this work, the physical changes were monitored during a silica precipitation reaction by simple measurement of collimated transmittance NIR spectra...
November 28, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895999/quantifying-the-effect-of-adipose-tissue-in-muscle-oximetry-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#12
Nassim Nasseri, Stefan Kleiser, Daniel Ostojic, Tanja Karen, Martin Wolf
Change of muscle tissue oxygen saturation (StO2), due to exercise, measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is known to be lower for subjects with higher adipose tissue thickness. This is most likely not physiological but caused by the superficial fat and adipose tissue. In this paper we assessed, in vitro, the influence of adipose tissue thickness on muscle StO2, measured by NIRS oximeters. We measured StO2 of a liquid phantom by 3 continuous wave (CW) oximeters (Sensmart Model X-100 Universal Oximetry System, INVOS 5100C, and OxyPrem v1...
November 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895992/subtraction-based-approach-for-enhancing-the-depth-sensitivity-of-time-resolved-nirs
#13
Daniel Milej, Androu Abdalmalak, Peter McLachlan, Mamadou Diop, Adam Liebert, Keith St Lawrence
The aim of this study was to evaluate enhancing of the depth sensitivity of time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy with a subtraction-based approach. Due to the complexity of light propagation in a heterogeneous media, and to prove the validity of the proposed method in a heterogeneous turbid media we conducted a broad analysis taking into account a number of parameters related to the method as well as various parameters of this media. The results of these experiments confirm that the depth sensitivity of the subtraction-based approach is better than classical approaches using continuous-wave or time-resolved methods...
November 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895985/multi-channel-multi-distance-broadband-near-infrared-spectroscopy-system-to-measure-the-spatial-response-of-cellular-oxygen-metabolism-and-tissue-oxygenation
#14
Phong Phan, David Highton, Jonathan Lai, Martin Smith, Clare Elwell, Ilias Tachtsidis
We present a multi-channel, multi-distance broadband near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system with the capability of measuring changes in haemoglobin concentrations (Δ[HbO2], Δ[HHb]), oxidation state of cytochrome-c-oxidase (Δ[oxCCO]) and tissue oxygen saturation (TOI) in the adult human brain. The main components of the instrument are two customized spectrographs and two light sources. Each spectrograph is lens-based to improve light throughput, has a grating enhanced to optimise reflection in the near-infrared (NIR) spectral region and uses a front illuminated cooled CCD camera (-70° C) with a square chip dimension of 12...
November 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895581/evaluation-of-near-infrared-dyes-as-markers-of-p-glycoprotein-activity-in-tumors
#15
Inessa Semenenko, Emma Portnoy, Mohammed Aboukaoud, Serge Guzy, Miriam Shmuel, Gal Itzhak, Sara Eyal
Aim: The multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1; P-glycoprotein) has been associated with efflux of chemotherapeutic agents from tumor cells and with poor patient prognosis. This study evaluated the feasibility of non-invasive, non-radioactive near infrared (NIR) imaging methodology for detection of MDR1 functional activity in tumors. Methods: Initial accumulation assays were conducted in MDR1-overexpressing MDCK cells (MDCK-MDR1) and control MDCK cells (MDCK-CT) using the NIR dyes indocyanine green (ICG), IR-783, IR-775, rhodamine 800, XenoLight DiR, and Genhance 750, at 0...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894812/enhanced-legumain-recognition-and-nir-controlled-released-of-cisplatin-indocyanine-nanosphere-against-gastric-carcinoma
#16
Tianyi Shi, Lianshuai Gu, Yu Sun, Senlin Wang, Chaoqun You, Xiangyang Zhang, Jin Zhu, Baiwang Sun
Cisplatin-therapy has faced limitations in the gastric cancer therapy. To settle the bottleneck, enhanced specificity and controlled-release property are choosen. We synthesize cisplatin and indocyanine green (ICG) loaded PLGA-(DSPE-PEG2000) nanoparticles, which is abbreviated as CINPs. And we conjugate the Gly-Cys-Gly-Ala-Ala-Asn-Leu (GCGAANL) heptapeptide upon the surface of CINPs, the product is abbreviated as ACINPs. ACINPs with nearly 110nm exhibit good monodispersity and size stability. The EE (efficiency of encapsulation) and LE (loading of encapsulation) of cisplatin loaded into ACINPs are optimized as 29...
November 25, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894022/changes-in-nitric-oxide-hydrogen-peroxide-content-and-cell-cycle-progression-study-with-synchronized-cultures-of-green-alga-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#17
Wojciech Pokora, Anna Aksmann, Agnieszka Baścik-Remisiewicz, Agnieszka Dettlaff-Pokora, Max Rykaczewski, Magdalena Gappa, Zbigniew Tukaj
The present study aimed to evaluate the possible relationship between the changes in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) content and the course of growth and reproductive processes of the cell cycle of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The peak of H2O2 observed at the beginning of the cell cycle was found to originate from Fe-SOD and Mn-SODchl. activity and result from the alternation in the photosynthetic processes caused by the dark-to-light transition of daughter cells. A rapid increase in NO concentration, observed before the light-to-dark cell transition, originated from NR and NIR activity and was followed by a photosynthesis-independent, Mn-SODchl...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893700/trans-presentation-of-il-6-by-dendritic-cells-is-required-for-the-priming-of-pathogenic-th17-cells
#18
Sylvia Heink, Nir Yogev, Christoph Garbers, Marina Herwerth, Lilian Aly, Christiane Gasperi, Veronika Husterer, Andrew L Croxford, Katja Möller-Hackbarth, Harald S Bartsch, Karl Sotlar, Stefan Krebs, Tommy Regen, Helmut Blum, Bernhard Hemmer, Thomas Misgeld, Thomas F Wunderlich, Juan Hidalgo, Mohamed Oukka, Stefan Rose-John, Marc Schmidt-Supprian, Ari Waisman, Thomas Korn
The cellular sources of interleukin 6 (IL-6) that are relevant for differentiation of the TH17 subset of helper T cells remain unclear. Here we used a novel strategy for the conditional deletion of distinct IL-6-producing cell types to show that dendritic cells (DCs) positive for the signaling regulator Sirpα were essential for the generation of pathogenic TH17 cells. Using their IL-6 receptor α-chain (IL-6Rα), Sirpα(+) DCs trans-presented IL-6 to T cells during the process of cognate interaction. While ambient IL-6 was sufficient to suppress the induction of expression of the transcription factor Foxp3 in T cells, trans-presentation of IL-6 by DC-bound IL-6Rα (called 'IL-6 cluster signaling' here) was needed to prevent premature induction of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) expression in T cells and to generate pathogenic TH17 cells in vivo...
November 28, 2016: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893108/choroidal-thickness-influences-near-infrared-reflectance-intensity-in-eyes-with-geographic-atrophy-due-to-age-related-macular-degeneration
#19
Rosa Dolz-Marco, Orly Gal-Or, K Bailey Freund
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of retinal and choroidal thickness on near-infrared reflectance (NIR) scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in eyes with geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: This was a cross-sectional review of the clinical records and multimodal imaging data of eyes diagnosed with GA secondary to non-neovascular AMD. Imaging modalities included color fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, NIR, and structural spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892715/incorporation-of-chemotherapeutic-agent-and-photosensitizer-in-a-low-temperature-sensitive-liposome-for-effective-chemo-hyperthermic-anticancer-activity
#20
Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Hiep Tran, Raj Kumar Thapa, Tung Thanh Pham, Jee-Heon Jeong, Yu Seok Youn, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we combined chemo- and hyperthermia therapy in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL) for potential cancer treatment. METHODS: Docetaxel (DOC) and indocyanine green (ICG) as a therapeutic agent and photosensitizer, respectively, were incorporated in a low temperature-sensitive liposome (LTSL/DI). Nanoparticles were evaluated for the physicochemical characterizations, in vitro uptake and cytotoxicity, and furthermore in vivo anticancer activity...
November 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
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