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Yusuke Tsuyuguchi, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Masakazu Ishikawa, Yasunari Ikuta, Mikiya Sawa, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Nobuo Adachi
Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive technique for ankle joint treatment. However, injury to the intermediate dorsal cutaneous nerve (IDCN) and the medial dorsal cutaneous nerve (MDCN) is a common complication during anterior portal placement. To prevent injuries, methods such as palpating the nerves topographically and marking the nerves by transilluminating the skin with an arthroscope have been proposed. Easier and more definitive methods of identifying the IDCN and MDCN should result in a reduction of complications...
February 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
Seung Won Jun, Junyoung Kwon, Soo Kyung Chun, Hyun Ah Lee, Jaebeom Lee, Dae Youn Hwang, Chen-Yuan Dong, Chang-Seok Kim
Owing to its near infrared (NIR) absorption, graphene oxide (GO) is promising for both photothermal (PT) therapy and multiphoton (MP) imaging. Novel therapy/imaging modality switching is proposed here based on the selected excitation wavelength of femtosecond (FS) laser. GO-based destruction of cancer cells is demonstrated when the laser power of 800-nm-wavelength FS laser is increased above 7 mW. However, GO-based imaging is mainly monitored without damaging the sample when using 1200-nm wavelength FS laser in the same laser power range...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Jaidip Jagtap, Gayatri Sharma, Abdul K Parchur, Venkateswara Gogineni, Carmen Bergom, Sarah White, Michael J Flister, Amit Joshi
Vascular supply is a critical component of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and is essential for tumor growth and metastasis, yet the endogenous genetic modifiers that impact vascular function in the TME are largely unknown. To identify the host TME modifiers of tumor vascular function, we combined a novel genetic mapping strategy [Consomic Xenograft Model] with near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and multiparametric analysis of pharmacokinetic modeling. To detect vascular flow, an intensified cooled camera based dynamic NIR imaging system with 785 nm laser diode based excitation was used to image the whole-body fluorescence emission of intravenously injected indocyanine green dye...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Francesco Cosentino, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Luigi Carlo Turco, Anna Fagotti, Stefano Cianci, Virginia Vargiu, Gian Franco Zannoni, Gabriella Ferrandina, Giovanni Scambia
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate near-infrared radiation imaging with intravenous indocyanine green (NIR-ICG) during laparoscopic intervention to identify endometriosis lesions. DESIGN: A single center, prospective, single-arm pilot study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: An academic tertiary care and research center. PATIENTS: Twenty-seven patients with symptomatic endometriosis were enrolled. INTERVENTIONS: Patients underwent laparoscopic surgery using a laparoscopic system prototype with NIR-ICG...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Alfonso Blázquez-Castro, Lucas L Colombo, Silvia I Vanzulli, Juan C Stockert
The photothermal effect is one of the most promising photonic procedures currently under development to successfully treat several clinical disorders, none the least some kinds of cancer. At present, this field is undergoing a renewed interest due to advances in both photothermal materials and better-suited light sources. However, scientific studies in this area are sometimes hampered by the relative unavailability of state-of-art materials or the complexity of setting up a dedicated optical facility. Here, we present a simple and affordable approach to do research in the photothermal field that relies on a commercial NIR laser pointer and a readily available everyday pigment: China ink...
March 16, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Mikk Espenberg, Marika Truu, Ülo Mander, Kuno Kasak, Hiie Nõlvak, Teele Ligi, Kristjan Oopkaup, Martin Maddison, Jaak Truu
Tropical peatlands, which play a crucial role in the maintenance of different ecosystem services, are increasingly drained for agriculture, forestry, peat extraction and human settlement purposes. The present study investigated the differences between natural and drained sites of a tropical peatland in the community structure of soil bacteria and archaea and their potential to perform nitrogen transformation processes. The results indicate significant dissimilarities in the structure of soil bacterial and archaeal communities as well as nirK, nirS, nosZ, nifH and archaeal amoA gene-possessing microbial communities...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Noa Tsujii, Wakako Mikawa, Toru Adachi, Tomoyuki Hirose, Osamu Shirakawa
Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar I disorder (BD-I) share genetic risk factors and cognitive impairments, but these conditions may exhibit differences in cortical functioning associated with inhibitory control. We measured hemodynamic responses during a stop-signal task using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in 20 patients with SZ, 21 patients with BD-I and 18 healthy controls (HCs). We used stop-signal reaction time (SSRT) to estimate behavioural inhibition. Compared with HCs, patients with either SZ or BD-I exhibited significantly reduced activation in the bilateral inferior, middle and superior frontal gyri...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Cátia G Alves, Rita Lima-Sousa, Duarte de Melo-Diogo, Ricardo O Louro, Ilídio J Correia
IR780, a molecule with a strong optical absorption and emission in the near infrared (NIR) region, is receiving an increasing attention from researchers working in the area of cancer treatment and imaging. Upon irradiation with NIR light, IR780 can produce reactive oxygen species as well as increase the body temperature, thus being a promising agent for application in cancer photodynamic and photothermal therapy. However, IR780's poor water solubility, fast clearance, acute toxicity and low tumor uptake may limit its use...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Enrico Ravagli, Stefano Severi
During hemodialysis (HD), blood is circulated through an extracorporeal tubing system (bloodline) made of medical-grade polymeric material. Sensors of various types that do not come into contact with blood (optical, electromagnetic, etc.) are applied directly across the bloodline for clinical purposes and for therapy customization. Thus, a detailed knowledge of the bloodline's physical properties is useful for the development of next-generation HD sensors. In this work, we performed a novel comparative analysis of the materials used by the manufacturers of the bloodlines...
March 16, 2018: Materials
Barbara Bassi, Giacomo Dacarro, Pietro Galinetto, Enrico Giulotto, Nicoletta Marchesi, Piersandro Pallavicini, Alessia Pascale, Stefano Perversi, Angelo Taglietti
The last decade came across an increasing demand of theranostic biocompatible nanodevices, possessing the double ability of diagnosis and therapy. In this work, we report the design, synthesis and step-by-step characterization of rationally coated gold nanostars (GNS) for SERS imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT) of HeLa cancer cells. The nanodevice was realized synthesizing GNS with a seed-growth approach, coating them with a controlled mixture of thiols composed of a Raman reporter and a polyethylenglicol with a terminal amino group, and then reacting these amino groups with Folic Acid (FA), in order to impart selectivity towards cancer cells which overexpress folate receptors on their membranes...
March 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
A-Ra Hong, Youngsun Kim, Tae Sup Lee, Sehoon Kim, Kwangyeol Lee, Gayoung Kim, Ho Seong Jang
In this study, intense single-band red-emitting upconversion nanophosphors (UCNPs) excited with 800 nm near infrared (NIR) light are reported. When a NaYF4 :Nd,Yb active-shell is formed on the 12.7 nm-sized NaGdF4 :Yb,Ho,Ce UCNP core, the core/shell (C/S) UCNPs show tunable emission from green to red depending on the Ce3+ concentration under excitation with 800 nm NIR light. Thirty mol% Ce3+ -doped C/S UCNPs exhibit single-band red emission peaking at 644 nm via a5 F5 →5 I8 transition of Ho3+ . A high Nd3+ concentration in the shell results in strong absorption at around 800 nm NIR light even though the shell thickness is not large, and small-sized C/S UCNPs (16...
March 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Inbal Maidan, Freek Nieuwhof, Hagar Bernad-Elazari, Bastiaan R Bloem, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Jurgen A H R Claassen, Anat Mirelman
BACKGROUND: In a randomized control trial conducted in patients with Parkinson's disease, a treadmill training program combined with virtual reality that targeted motor and cognitive aspects of safe ambulation led to fewer falls, compared with treadmill training alone. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the 2 types of training differentially affected prefrontal activation and if this might explain differences in fall rates after the intervention. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with Parkinson's disease were randomized into the treadmill training arm (n = 34, mean age 73...
March 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Ekaterina N Lazareva, Valery V Tuchin
This study is focused on the measurements of the refractive index of hemoglobin solutions in the visible/near-infrared (NIR) spectral range at room temperature for characteristic laser wavelengths: 480, 486, 546, 589, 644, 656, 680, 930, 1100, 1300, and 1550 nm. Measurements were performed using the multiwavelength Abbe refractometer. Aqua hemoglobin solutions of different concentrations obtained from human whole blood were investigated. The specific increment of refractive index on hemoglobin concentration and the Sellmeier coefficients were calculated...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Cheryl Suwen Law, Siew Yee Lim, Abel Santos
This study presents a nanofabrication approach that enables the production of nanoporous anodic alumina distributed Bragg reflectors (NAA-DBRs) with finely engineered light filtering features across the spectral regions. The photonic stopband (PSB) of these NAA-based photonic crystal (PC) structures is precisely tuned by an apodization strategy applied during stepwise pulse anodization with the aim of engineering the effective medium of NAA-DBRs in depth. We systematically assess the effect of different fabrication parameters such as apodization function (i...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yushen Jin, Kun Wang, Jie Tian
In clinical imaging modalities, MRI is suitable for preoperative examination. And fluorescence imaging has been proposed to improve the detectability of cancer lesions during the operation. However, the specificity and accuracy of the two imaging modalities is limited. To improve the prognosis and survival rate of the patient suffering from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), it is very important to develop a specific probe to achieve early detection and precise resection of HCC. We selected HCC targeting peptide SP94 to conjugate with a NIR dye and Gd chelated DOTA to enhance the specificity of different imaging modalities...
March 15, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Mark N Belkin, Nir Uriel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advancements in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has led to increased survival, approaching that of the general population. These patients are at an increased risk for heart disease, specifically HIV-associated cardiomyopathy. RECENT FINDINGS: Initially, HIV-associated cardiomyopathy was predominantly noted as systolic dysfunction, but diastolic dysfunction has become more common with increased use of HAART...
March 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Matthew P Kroonblawd, Fabio Pietrucci, Antonino Marco Saitta, Nir Goldman
We demonstrate the capability of creating robust density functional tight binding (DFTB) models for chemical reactivity in prebiotic mixtures through force matching to short time scale quantum free energy estimates. Molecular dynamics using density functional theory (DFT) is a highly accurate approach to generate free energy surfaces for chemical reactions, but the extreme computational cost often limits the time scales and range of thermodynamic states that can feasibly be studied. In contrast, DFTB is a semi-empirical quantum method that affords up to a thousandfold reduction in cost and can recover DFT-level accuracy...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Fedor Rudakov, Joseph D Geiser, Peter M Weber
A technique for the spatially resolved and molecule-specific detection of chemical vapors is presented. The chemical specificity arises from a transient absorption spectrum where an ultraviolet (UV) pulse excites the molecule to a Rydberg state, and a near-infrared (NIR) or visible probe pulse records a transient absorption spectrum. By recording the NIR pulse reflected off a random, distant object and measuring the elapsed time between the emission of the UV pulse and the absorption of a counter-propagating NIR pulse, the distance to the absorber is obtained...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Arezoo Mohammadi Gazestani, Samideh Khoei, Sepideh Khoee, Soraya Emamgholizadeh Minaei, Manijeh Motevalian
Magnetite nanographene oxide has exhibited great potential in drug delivery and photothermal therapy (PTT) for cancer treatment. Here we developed 5-fluorouracil-loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-coated magnetite nanographene oxide (NGO-SPION-PLGA-5-Fu) to simplify combined PTT and chemotherapy in one complex. The nanocarrier was synthesized using a modified O1 /W1 /O2 /W2 multiple emulsion solvent evaporation method and was characterized for size, zeta potential, drug loading, in vitro and in vivo release...
March 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Yan Zhan, Yingliang Liu, Hongru Zu, Yanxian Guo, Shuangshuang Wu, Haiyao Yang, Zhiming Liu, Bingfu Lei, Jianle Zhuang, Xuejie Zhang, Di Huang, Chaofan Hu
Different from their bulk counterparts, plasmonic molybdenum oxide nanomaterials display superior optical and electronic properties, but unfortunately, phase-controlled synthesis of molybdenum oxide nanomaterials with multifunctional performances still remains a challenge. To actualize this, a surfactant-free solvothermal strategy was proposed to fabricate molybdenum oxide nanomaterials with a tunable phase. Encouragingly, the as-prepared molybdenum dioxide nanoparticles (MoO2 NPs) exhibit intense near-infrared (NIR) absorption attributed to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect, which results in their application as a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate to detect trace amounts of molecular species including Rhodamine 6G (R6G), crystal violet (CV), IR-780 iodide (IR780) and methylene blue (MB)...
March 15, 2018: Nanoscale
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