Read by QxMD icon Read

Hypoxia and metastasis

Kunyuan Wang, Chenxi Duan, Xuejing Zou, Yang Song, Wenwen Li, Lushan Xiao, Jie Peng, Liheng Yao, Qian Long, Li Liu
Mediator complex subunit 15 (MED15) is a coactivator involved in the regulated transcription of RNA polymerase II-dependent genes and serves an oncogenic role in numerous types of cancer. However, the expression and function of MED15 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unknown. In the present study, the aim was to investigate the expression and clinical significance of MED15 in HCC. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that MED15 mRNA and protein levels were significantly upregulated in HCC tissues compared with those in the corresponding adjacent non-tumor liver tissues...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Xiaowen Sun, Lei Deng, You Lu
Microvessels promote proliferation of tumor cells by delivering oxygen and nutrients, but rapid growth of tumors results in unmet demands for oxygen and nutrients, thereby creating a hypoxia microenvironment. Under hypoxic conditions, vascular endothelial cells (ECs) initiate the formation of immature and abnormal microvasculature. This results in leakage and tortuosity that facilitates tumor cell invasion, metastasis and resistance to cytotoxic treatment. Radiotherapy (RT) is a vital tumor treatment modality...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Balraj Singh, Vanessa N Sarli, Laura J Washburn, Milan R Raythatha, Anthony Lucci
We previously described a strategy for selecting highly adaptable rare triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells based on their ability to survive a severe and prolonged metabolic challenge, e.g., a lack of glutamine. We hypothesized that metabolically adaptable (MA) cancer cells selected from the SUM149 cell line in this manner have the capacity to survive a variety of challenges that postulated "decathlon winner" cancer cells must survive to succeed in metastasis. These MA cells were resistant to glutaminase inhibitor CB-839, as predicted from their ability to proliferate without exogenous glutamine...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
S Y N Jamaludin, I Azimi, F M Davis, A A Peters, T J Gonda, E W Thompson, S J Roberts-Thomson, G R Monteith
CXC ligand (L)12 is a chemokine implicated in the migration, invasion and metastasis of cancer cells via interaction with its receptors CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR)4 and CXCR7. In the present study, CXCL12-mediated Ca2+ signalling was compared with two basal-like breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468, which demonstrate distinct metastatic potential. CXCL12 treatment induced Ca2+ responses in the more metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells but not in the less metastatic MDA-MB-468 cells. Assessment of mRNA levels of CXCL12 receptors and their potential modulators in both cell lines revealed that CXCR4 and CXCR7 levels were increased in MDA-MB-231 cells compared with MDA-MB-468 cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Flore-Anne Poujade, Aarren Mannion, Nicholas Brittain, Andrew Theodosi, Ellie Beeby, Katarzyna B Leszczynska, Ester M Hammond, John Greenman, Christopher Cawthorne, Isabel M Pires
BACKGROUND: Metastatic spread is responsible for the majority of cancer-associated deaths. The tumour microenvironment, including hypoxia, is a major driver of metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the E3 ligase WSB-1 in breast cancer biology in the context of the hypoxic tumour microenvironment, particularly regarding metastatic spread. METHODS: In this study, WSB-1 expression was evaluated in breast cancer cell lines and patient samples...
March 15, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Joao Incio, Jennifer A Ligibel, Daniel T McManus, Priya Suboj, Keehoon Jung, Kosuke Kawaguchi, Matthias Pinter, Suboj Babykutty, Shan M Chin, Trupti D Vardam, Yuhui Huang, Nuh N Rahbari, Sylvie Roberge, Dannie Wang, Igor L Gomes-Santos, Stefan B Puchner, Christopher L Schlett, Udo Hoffmman, Marek Ancukiewicz, Sara M Tolaney, Ian E Krop, Dan G Duda, Yves Boucher, Dai Fukumura, Rakesh K Jain
Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy has failed to improve survival in patients with breast cancer (BC). Potential mechanisms of resistance to anti-VEGF therapy include the up-regulation of alternative angiogenic and proinflammatory factors. Obesity is associated with hypoxic adipose tissues, including those in the breast, resulting in increased production of some of the aforementioned factors. Hence, we hypothesized that obesity could contribute to anti-VEGF therapy's lack of efficacy. We found that BC patients with obesity harbored increased systemic concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and/or fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2), and their tumor vasculature was less sensitive to anti-VEGF treatment...
March 14, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
Yousef Zakharia, Arup Bhattacharya, Youcef M Rustum
Selenium (Se)-containing molecules exert antioxidant properties and modulate targets associated with tumor growth, metastasis, angiogenesis, and drug resistance. Prevention clinical trials with low-dose supplementation of different types of Se molecules have yielded conflicting results. Utilizing several xenograft models, we earlier reported that the enhanced antitumor activity of various chemotherapeutic agents by selenomethione and Se-methylselenocysteine in several human tumor xenografts is highly dose- and schedule-dependent...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Jeng-Ting Chen, Chien-Chun Liu, Jau-Song Yu, Hung-Hsuan Li, Ming-Chih Lai
Hypoxia is associated with poor prognosis in most solid tumors due to its multiple effects on therapy resistance, angiogenesis, apoptotic resistance, and tumor invasion/metastasis. Here we used a comprehensive omics profiling to investigate hypoxia-regulated gene expression in HCT116 colon cancer cells. Quantitative analyses of proteome and secretome were performed in HCT116 cells cultured under hypoxic or normoxic conditions. A total of 5700 proteins were quantified in proteome analysis and 722 proteins were quantified in secretome analysis...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Hailey J Knox, Tae Wook Kim, Zhouyang Zhu, Jefferson Chan
Hypoxia results when the oxygen supply to rapidly growing tumors becomes inadequate to support various physiological processes. This plays a role in tumor metastasis and treatment resistance. Therefore, identifying tumor hypoxia can guide treatment planning and predict patient responses. However, hypoxic volumes are heterogeneously dispersed throughout a tumor, making it a challenge to pinpoint them with any degree of accuracy. Herein, we report the development of ratiometric hypoxia probe 1 (rHyP-1), which is a hypoxia-responsive small-molecule probe designed for reliable hypoxia detection using photoacoustic imaging...
March 9, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
Donata Szymczak, Jarosław Dybko, Kazimierz Kuliczkowski
Hypoxia, understood as low partial oxygen pressure, has become one of the most explored fields in recent years. Cellular response to hypoxia is mediated by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) - potent transcription regulators, and their downstream pathways. In general, HIFs modify energy metabolism, inflammation and immune response, enhance cancer invasion, metastasis, resistance to treatment, and relapse. The influence of HIFs on the progression of leukemia is still under investigation in various studies, but in mice and some human models HIFs have been recognized as leukemia immortalizers by promoting leukemic stem cell quiescence and inhibiting their cell cycle...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Hitoshi Itoh, Tsuyoshi Kadomatsu, Hironori Tanoue, Masaki Yugami, Keishi Miyata, Motoyoshi Endo, Jun Morinaga, Eisuke Kobayashi, Takeshi Miyamoto, Ryoma Kurahashi, Kazutoyo Terada, Hiroshi Mizuta, Yuichi Oike
The tumor microenvironment promotes epigenetic changes in tumor cells associated with tumor aggressiveness. Here we report that in primary tumor cells, increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression brought on by DNA demethylation of its promoter by ten-eleven translocation 2 (TET2) promotes lung metastasis in osteosarcoma (OS). Xenograft experiments show increased IL-6 expression and decreased methylation of its promoter in OS cells after implantation relative to before implantation. In addition, changes in IL-6 methylation and expression seen in OS cells at the primary site were maintained at the metastatic site...
March 8, 2018: Oncogene
Ying Shan, Bo You, Si Shi, Wei Shi, Zhenxin Zhang, Qicheng Zhang, Miao Gu, Jing Chen, Lili Bao, Dong Liu, Yiwen You
Exosomes are nano-vesicles secreted by tumor cells. Exosomes can transfer complex biological information and induce a diverse signaling response in a wide array of pathological conditions, such as hypoxia. Hypoxia is associated with aggressive phenotypes and poor outcomes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. Here, we analyzed the role of exosomes from hypoxic NPC cells in enhancing the metastases of normoxic cells in a hypoxia-induced factor-1α (HIF-1α)-dependent manner. HIF-1α rapidly accumulates and trans-activates hundreds of genes, such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)...
March 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Haixia Shan, Pingfu Hou, Meng Zhang, Liantao Li, Yu Pan, Fang Chen, Tao Jiang, Jin Bai, Junnian Zheng
Polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1), a heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein, is a multi-functional RNA-binding protein. PTBP1 participates in a number of biological processes, including maintaining cell structure and motility, immunity, protein metabolism and the cell cycle. The present study aimed to investigate the association between PTBP1 expression and the prognosis and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with renal cell cancer (RCC). The potential mechanism of action of PTBP1 in the metastasis of RCC was also investigated...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Makoto Ohtake, Kensuke Tateishi, Hidetoshi Murata, Yoji Nagashima, Shoji Yamanaka, Tetsuya Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Paragangliomas are generally benign, slow-growing tumors. However, approximately 10-20% are malignant, characterized by distant metastasis. Recently, a germline mutation in succinate dehydrogenase B subunit (SDHB) has been shown to be associated with malignant behavior in paraganglioma. Herein, we present a case of SDHB-negative malignant paraganglioma of the jugular foramen with pseudo-hypoxic microenvironment and unique imaging features on [18 F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography ([18 F]-FDG PET), and discuss the significance of SDHB immunohistochemistry and the potential of [18 F]-FDG PET for clinical management...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Shaoxin Cai, Xuefei Cheng, Yi Liu, Zhizun Lin, Wei Zeng, Changshun Yang, Lihang Liu, Ozor Anthony Chukwuebuka, Weihua Li
Blood vessels are one of the major routes for the dissemination of cancer cells. Malignant tumors release growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) to induce angiogenesis, thereby promoting metastasis. Here, we report that The Drosophila Eyes Absent Homologue 1 (EYA1), which is overexpressed in colorectal tumor cells, can promote colorectal tumor angiogenesis by coordinating with the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1α) to increase the expression of VEGF-A. Moreover, data indicated that the enhancement of HIF-1α expression by Eya1 depended on its ability to activate the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathways to increase the phosphorylation of AKT subunits...
February 26, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Goro Kawasaki, Tomofumi Naruse, Kohei Furukawa, Masahiro Umeda
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) plays a critical role in the regulation of tumor cell motility, invasion and cancer cell metastasis. mTOR consists of two separate multi-protein complexes, mTOR complex (mTORC) 1 and mTORC2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the expression levels of mTORC1 and mTORC2 immunohistochemically in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). RESULTS: mTORC1 and mTORC2 were more highly expressed in tumors than in normal oral mucosa...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
W Shang, Q Zhang, Y Huang, R Shanti, F Alawi, A Le, C Jiang
Head and neck cancer is one of the most frequent human malignancies worldwide, with a high rate of recurrence and metastasis. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is cellularly and molecularly heterogeneous, with subsets of undifferentiated cancer cells exhibiting stem cell-like properties, called cancer stem cells (CSCs). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition, gene mutation, and epigenetic modification are associated with the formation of cellular plasticity of tumor cells in HNSCC, contributing to the acquisition of invasive, recurrent, and metastatic properties and therapeutic resistance...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Thorsten Frenzel, Jordana Siekmann, Carsten Grohmann, Ursula Valentiner, Rüdiger Schmitz, Kristoffer Riecken, Boris Fehse, Udo Schumacher, Tobias Lange, Andreas Krüll
PURPOSE: To investigated the influence of radiation therapy (RT), surgery (OP), radio-chemotherapy (RChT), or chemotherapy (ChT) on small cell lung cancer metastases in 2 xenograft models. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 1 × 106 human small cell lung cancer cells (OH1, H69) were subcutaneously injected into severe combined immunodeficiency mice to form a local primary tumor node at the lower trunk. Radiation therapy, OP, RChT, or ChT were started after development of palpable tumors...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Jiali Leng, Qingxu Song, Yuguang Zhao, Zhenyu Wang
Osteosarcoma is a common, high-risk primary bone malignancy that mostly affects the younger population. There has been no marked improvement in the clinical outcomes of osteosarcoma patients to date, and cancer recurrence and metastasis are common in high-grade osteosarcoma. Therefore, identifying new biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets is crucial for improving the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients. In the present study, the MG63 human osteosarcoma cell line was employed to examine the role of microRNA (miR)‑15a in regulating cellular activities under hypoxic conditions...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
J N Li, Z E Feng, L Wang, Y X Wang, C B Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) expression and lymph node metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: Tumor specimens from 125 patients with histologically-proven, surgically-treated OSCC were examined by immunohistochemical staining for expression of HIF-1α. The patients were divided into two groups by the expression of HIF-1α, high expression of HIF -1α group (H-group) and low expression of HIF-1α group (L-group)...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"