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Hypoxia and metastasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735175/cancer-cell-membrane-coated-biomimetic-platform-for-tumor-targeted-photodynamic-therapy-and-hypoxia-amplified-bioreductive-therapy
#1
Shi-Ying Li, Hong Cheng, Wen-Xiu Qiu, Lu Zhang, Shuang-Shuang Wan, Jing-Yue Zeng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Modulating tumor microenvironment to amplify the therapeutic efficiency would be a novel strategy for effective cancer treatment. In this work, based on the TPZ-loaded porphyrinic metal organic framework PCN-224 (PCN stands for porous coordination network), a cancer cell membrane-coated nanoplatform (TPZ@PCN@Mem) was fabricated for tumor targeted PDT and the successively resulting hypoxia-amplified bioreductive therapy. After administration, TPZ@PCN@Mem exhibited the selective accumulation and long-term retention at tumor tissue due to the immune escape and homologous targeting endowed by the cancer membrane coating...
July 18, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734865/single-factors-alone-can-induce-mesenchymal-like-morphology-but-not-promote-full-emt-in-breast-cancer-cell-lines-with-different-hormone-statuses
#2
Maria K Tveitarås, Inga Reigstad, Lina Leiss, Rolf K Reed, Linda Stuhr
BACKGROUND: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered to be important for cancer invasion and metastasis. Tumour hypoxia, in addition to Transforming Growth Factor-β (TGF-β) and Notch, amongst others, have been suggested to be involved in EMT. We therefore investigated if hypoxia, TGF-β1 and the Notch ligand Jagged-1 alone induced morphological changes with corresponding EMT signatures in different epithelial breast cancer cell lines in vitro. Furthermore, we also studied whether or not TGF-β1, or Jagged-1 in combination with hypoxia added any effect on EMT...
July 19, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733543/the-role-of-adrenomedullin-in-the-pathogenesis-of-gastric-cancer
#3
Fuhao Qiao, Jian Fang, Jinfeng Xu, Wenqiu Zhao, Ying Ni, Bufugdi Andreas Akuo, Wei Zhang, Yun Liu, Fangfang Ding, Guanlin Li, Baoguo Liu, Hua Wang, Shihe Shao
Adrenomedullin has been shown to be overexpressed in many tumors, including gastric cancer tumors; however, its mechanism of action remains unclear. In this study, we examined the role of adrenomedullin in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer. Using clinical specimens and immunohistochemistry, we found that the expression levels of adrenomedullin and its receptors are inordinately elevated as compared to the adjacent non-tumor gastric tissues. We used siRNA gene silencing, in BGC-823 gastric cancer cell lines, to target adrenomedullin genes, and found that increased adrenomedullin expression results in the proliferation of tumor cells, tumor invasion, and metastasis...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707601/potential-role-of-natural-compounds-as-anti-angiogenic-agents-in-cancer
#4
Muthu K Shanmugam, Sudha Warrier, Alan Prem Kumar, Gautam Sethi, Frank Arfuso
BACKGROUND: Neovascularization, also known as angiogenesis, is the process of capillary sprouting from pre-existing blood vessels. This physiological process is a hallmark event in normal embryonic development as blood vessels generally supply both oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body. Any disruption in this process can lead to the development of various chronic diseases, including cancer. In cancer, aberrant angiogenesis plays a prominent role in maintaining sustained tumor growth to malignant phenotypes and promoting metastasis...
July 12, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707199/radiation-induced-inflammatory-cascade-and-its-reverberating-crosstalks-as-potential-cause-of-post-radiotherapy-second-malignancies
#5
REVIEW
Sonia Gandhi, Sudhir Chandna
The disease-free survival following radiotherapy is often limited by the development of second/secondary cancers. This significant impediment to effective cancer treatment implicated even in the modern-day radiotherapy needs to be countered effectively. Critical analysis reveals that besides achieving effective tumor control, radiotherapy elicits certain cellular and systemic inflammatory events in tumor infiltrate, which remain relatively stable and tend to facilitate "in-field" or "out of field" oncogenesis in due course of time...
July 13, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705232/hypoxia-inducible-factor-2%C3%AE-promotes-tumor-progression-and-has-crosstalk-with-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Qi Zhang, Yu Lou, Jingying Zhang, Qihan Fu, Tao Wei, Xu Sun, Qi Chen, Jiaqi Yang, Xueli Bai, Tingbo Liang
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a devastating disease that is characterized by persistent hypoxia. The roles of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (hif-2α) are different to those of hif-1α, although both are critical for tumor cells to adapt to the hypoxic microenvironment. However, unlike the well-studied hif-1α, the role of hif-2α in tumors, including pancreatic cancer, is poorly understood. METHODS: Herein, we used a mutated hif-2α (A530T) to figure out the problem that wild-type hif-2α is quickly degraded which limits the study of its function...
July 14, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693495/an-agent-based-model-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-the-interplay-between-chemokine-receptor-ccr5-expression-cancer-stem-cells-and-hypoxia
#7
Kerri-Ann Norton, Travis Wallace, Niranjan B Pandey, Aleksander S Popel
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer lacks estrogen, progesterone, and HER2 receptors and is thus not possible to treat with targeted therapies for these receptors. Therefore, a greater understanding of triple-negative breast cancer is necessary for the treatment of this cancer type. In previous work from our laboratory, we found that chemokine ligand-receptor CCL5-CCR5 axis is important for the metastasis of human triple-negative breast cancer cell MDA-MB-231 to the lymph nodes and lungs, in a mouse xenograft model...
July 11, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688971/tumor-vessel-normalization-by-the-pi3k-inhibitor-hs-173-enhances-drug-delivery
#8
Soo Jung Kim, Kyung Hee Jung, Mi Kwon Son, Jung Hee Park, Hong Hua Yan, Zhenghuan Fang, Yeo Wool Kang, Boreum Han, Joo Han Lim, Soon-Sun Hong
Tumor vessels are leaky and immature, which causes poor oxygen and nutrient supply to tumor vessels and results in cancer cell metastasis to distant organs. This instability of tumor blood vessels also makes it difficult for anticancer drugs to penetrate and reach tumors. Numerous tumor vessel normalization approaches have been investigated for improving drug delivery into tumors. In this study, we investigated whether phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors are able to improve vascular structure and function over the prolonged period necessary to achieve effective vessel normalization...
July 6, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688970/secretory-stanniocalcin-1-promotes-metastasis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-activation-of-jnk-signaling-pathway
#9
Kristy Kwan-Shuen Chan, Carmen Oi-Ning Leung, Carmen Chak-Lui Wong, Daniel Wai-Hung Ho, Kenneth Siu-Ho Chok, Ching-Lung Lai, Irene Oi-Lin Ng, Regina Cheuk-Lam Lo
The hypoxic microenvironment is well-characterized in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Delineation of hypoxia-responsive events is an integral part to understand the pathogenesis of HCC. We studied the functional role and clinical relevance of Stanniocalcin 1 (STC1), a hypoxia-induced molecular target, in HCC. In our clinical cohort, STC1 transcript was up-regulated in HCC tumor tissues. Moreover, STC1 protein was detected in the sera of HCC patients. A higher serum STC1 level was correlated with larger tumor size and poorer 5-year disease-free survival...
July 6, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687017/methylation-of-bnip3-in-pancreatic-cancer-inhibits-the-induction-of-mitochondrial-mediated-tumor-cell-apoptosis
#10
Ye Li, Xu Zhang, Jian Yang, Yi Zhang, Dongming Zhu, Lifeng Zhang, Yanbo Zhu, Dechun Li, Jian Zhou
Bcl-2 interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) is involved in various cellular processes and is considered a key regulator of hypoxia-induced apoptosis. In the present study, the expression of BNIP3 in pancreatic cancer tissues, the correlation with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis and the regulation of this protein in pancreatic cancer cell lines with regard to the induction of apoptosis were investigated. BNIP3 expression was significantly lower in pancreatic cancer tissues compared with normal epithelia and was associated with tumor size, clinical stage, and lymph node metastasis...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684144/shikonin-suppresses-proliferation-and-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-through-the-inhibition-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-signaling
#11
Ming Yue Li, Chunliu Mi, Ke Si Wang, Zhe Wang, Hong Xiang Zuo, Lian Xun Piao, Guang Hua Xu, Xuezheng Li, Juan Ma, Xuejun Jin
Hypoxia enhances the development of solid tumors. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a transcription factor that is dominantly expressed under hypoxia in solid tumor cells and is a key factor of tumor regulation. HIF-1α regulates several target genes involved in many aspects of cancer progression, including angiogenesis, metastasis, and cell proliferation, as well as imparting resistance to cancer treatment. In this study, we assessed shikonin, which derives from the traditional medical herb Lithospermum erythrorhizon, for its anti-cancer effects in hypoxia-induced human colon cancer cell lines...
July 3, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681887/manipulating-tumor-hypoxia-toward-enhanced-photodynamic-therapy-pdt
#12
Juanjuan Dang, Hua He, Donglai Chen, Lichen Yin
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is considered a promising approach for the treatment of cancer and is achieved via the photosensitizer (PS)-mediated incomplete reduction of oxygen upon light irradiation, which generates high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to induce potent vascular damage and to directly kill tumor cells. However, there is an undesirable impediment with this approach in that tumor tissues generally suffer from serious hypoxia, which significantly affects the efficiency of PDT. Additionally, PDT that consumes oxygen will further aggravate tumor hypoxia, thus potentially leading to multiple undesirable consequences, such as angiogenesis, tumor invasiveness, and tumor metastasis...
July 6, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678326/expression-levels-of-pten-hif-1%C3%AE-and-vegf-as-prognostic-factors-in-ovarian-cancer
#13
W Shen, H-L Li, L Liu, J-X Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer is associated with high mortality, mostly because of delayed diagnosis, necessitating the search for novel diagnostic and prognostic markers. Here we evaluated the association between expression levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expressions of these proteins were assessed by immunohistochemistry in 21 specimens of normal ovary tissues and 76 specimens of ovarian cancer tissues...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671053/expression-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-alpha-and-its-clinical-significance-in-esophageal-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#14
Shao Wu Jing, Jun Wang, Qing Xu
Many studies have analyzed the relationship between hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha expression and its relation to differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and other clinicopathological variables of esophageal carcinoma, but the results are still inconsistent. This meta-analysis was carried out to explore hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha in esophageal carcinoma and its correlation with clinicopathological features and prognosis, in order to provide comprehensive reference for clinic. A total of 18 studies including 1566 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were enrolled...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668889/design-and-synthesis-of-novel-anti-metastatic-hypoxic-cytotoxin-tx-2137-targeting-akt-kinase
#15
Ikkyu Shiba, Risa Kouzaki, Hisatsugu Yamada, Yoshio Endo, Takahisa Takino, Hiroshi Sato, Keiko Kitazato, Teruyoshi Kageji, Shinji Nagahiro, Yoshihiro Uto
BACKGROUND: The hypoxic microenvironment plays a crucial role in the malignant progression of tumor cells. Moreover, AKT, a serine/threonine kinase, is activated by various extracellular growth factors and is important for cell growth, survival, and motility of leukocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and tumor cells. Therefore, we aimed to design an anti-metastatic hypoxic cytotoxin which has inhibitory effects on AKT. RESULTS: TX-2137 was designed and synthesized based on the structural similarity of a preexisting AKT1/2 kinase inhibitor and a hypoxic cytotoxin tirapazamine...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666098/anti-rhoj-antibody-functionalized-au-i-nanoparticles-as-ct-guided-tumor-vessel-targeting-radiosensitizers-in-patient-derived-tumor-xenograft-model
#16
Sen Liu, Hui Li, Luyao Xia, Peipei Xu, Yin Ding, Da Huo, Yong Hu
The clinical success of radiotherapy is greatly hampered due to its intolerable off-target cytotoxicity induced by the high dose of radiation. Meanwhile, low dose of irradiation greatly potentiates the intratumoral angiogenesis, which promotes the local relapse and metastasis of tumor. Therefore, it is essential to reduce the irradiation dosage while inhibiting the tumor angiogenesis during radiotherapy. In this work, tumor vessel specific ultrafine Au@I nanoparticles (AIRA NPs) are fabricated and used as targeted radiosensitizers...
June 23, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665890/the-impact-of-liver-graft-injury-on-cancer-recurrence-posttransplantation
#17
Chang-Xian Li, Kwan Man, Chung-Mau Lo
Liver transplantation is the most effective treatment for selected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, cancer recurrence, posttransplantation, remains to be the critical issue which affects the long-term outcome of HCC recipients. In addition to tumor biology itself, increasing evidence demonstrates that acute phase liver graft injury is a result of hepatic ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury (which is an inevitable consequence during liver transplantation) and may promote cancer recurrence at late phase posttransplantation...
June 29, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665755/depletion-of-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-abrogates-hypoxia-induced-overexpression-of-stanniocalcin-1-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#18
Elīna Zandberga, Pawel Zayakin, Artūrs Ābols, Dārta Pūpola, Pēteris Trapencieris, Aija Linē
Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is a pH-regulating enzyme that plays a key role in maintaining an alkaline intracellular pH under hypoxic conditions. It is overexpressed in a variety of solid cancers, including breast cancer (BC), and has been implicated in the migration, invasion and stemness of breast cancer cells. Therefore, CAIX recently emerged as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of BC. In order to gain an insight into the mechanism of action of CAIX inhibitors, we investigated the impact of CAIX knock-down on the transcriptional response to hypoxia in two BC cell lines - MCF7 and MDA-MB-231, by performing a global gene expression analysis...
June 30, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653891/histone-deacetylase-5-promotes-the-migration-and-invasion-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-increasing-the-transcription-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-under-hypoxia-condition
#19
Ming Ye, Zejun Fang, Hongqian Gu, Rui Song, Jiangwei Ye, Hongzhang Li, Zhiguang Wu, Shenghui Zhou, Peng Li, Xiang Cai, Xiaokun Ding, Songshan Yu
Hypoxia plays a critical role in the progression and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma by activating the key transcription factor, hypoxia-inducible factor-1. This study aims to identify the novel mechanisms underlying the dysregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in hepatocellular carcinoma. We found that histone deacetylase 5, a highly expressed histone deacetylase in hepatocellular carcinoma, strengthened the migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells under hypoxia but not normoxia condition...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653878/sirtuin-6-plays-an-oncogenic-role-and-induces-cell-autophagy-in-esophageal-cancer-cells
#20
Nan Huang, Zhiwei Liu, Jiabei Zhu, Zhongqi Cui, Yuguang Li, Yongchun Yu, Fenyong Sun, Qiuhui Pan, Qingyuan Yang
Sirtuin 6, a member of sirtuin family, is generally regarded as a tumor suppressor as it participates in suppressing hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and MYC transcription activity by deacetylating H3K9 (histone H3 lysine 9) and H3K56 (histone H3 lysine) at promoters of target genes, leading to the aerobic glycolysis inhibition and cell growth suppression. However, its expression has recently been reported to be highly elevated in a series of tumors, including prostate cancer, breast cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer, indicating that sirtuin 6 plays dual roles in tumorigenicity in a cell/tumor type-specific manner...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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